MACMILLAN ENGLISH STUDENT’S BOOK 2 Julia Sander Table of Contents Scope and Sequence Acknowledgements Preface for the Teacher 4 8 9 1. Introductions 2. Famous People 3. Relationships 4. Language 5. Opinions 6. Society Revision and Practice A 7. Caribbean Peoples 8. Traditions 9. Myths 10. Legends 11. Celebrations 12. Mysteries Revision and Practice B 13. Natural Disasters 14. Pollution 15. Healthy Living 16. Theatre 17. The School Show 18. Cinema Revision and Practice C 10 18 26 34 42 50 58 62 70 78 86 94 102 110 114 122 130 138 146 154 162 Enrichment Section 166 Reference Section Parts of Speech Punctuation Guide Sentence Structure Composition Review Grammar Guide Glossary of Terms Used in Language and Literature Scripts for Listening Exercises 202 203 205 207 208 213 215 Index 220 Scope and Sequence Unit Listening and Speaking Reading and Responding Language Matters 1. Introductions Listening: Job interview, record details in a form. Speaking: Present yourself. Pataki Full (Colville Young) Genre: Fiction Skill: Skimming Parts of speech review Present simple tense Auxiliaries 2. Famous People Listening: Biography of Sarah Ann Gill. Create timeline. Speaking: Presentation of a famous person Bob Marley: A Legend for our Time Genre: Biography Skill: Scanning Review of simple past tense Auxiliary Habitual past 3. Relationships Speaking: Role play: negotiating, reaching a compromise Harriet’s Daughter (Marlene Nourbese Philip) Genre: Fiction Skill: Question and answer relationships Types of sentences Sentence punctuation Transitive/intransitive verbs 4. Language Listening: Complete a summary of radio programme. Speaking: Asking questions to test a hypothesis Language: different communication skills Genre: Expository Skill: Using prior knowledge Subject and predicate Subject/verb agreement + agreement with indefinite pronouns and collective nouns 5. Opinions Listening: Anti-bullying campaign, discuss opinions Speaking: Fact and opinion, small group discussion Drugs and sports Genre: Newspaper website + comments Skill: Using a website Compound sentences Punctuation: using commas, colons, semi-colons 6. Society Speaking: Discuss assumptions about gender roles and work. ‘Woman Work’ (Maya Angelou), Every Light in the House Burnin’(Andrea Levy) Skill: Predicting Countable and uncountable nouns, quantities Nouns which are always singular/plural Self-assessment questionnaire Parts of speech, subject verb agreement, transitive and intransitive verbs, punctuation Revision and Practice A 4 7. Caribbean Peoples Speaking: Discuss information presented in graphic form. A Unique Population Genre: Feature article/ expository Skill: Brainstorming, checking predictions Tense sequence: Simple past + past continuous, Simple past + past perfect or past perfect continuous Possessive adjectives/ pronouns 8. Traditions Listening: Radio interview about Eid al Fitr, answer questions. Speaking: Give a short talk and answer questions about it. Jonkunnu a’ come Genre: Newspaper report Skill: Making notes Tense sequence Simple past/ Present Perfect Present Perfect + Present Perfect Continuous Reflexive/emphatic pronouns 9. Myths Listening: Listen to a talk on myths. Identify key words. Speaking: Discuss superstitions. The Discovery of the Earth (Philip Sherlock) Genre: Myth Skill: Directed Reading Thinking Activity Conditional sentences (first, second and third conditional) Perfect infinitives: Words Matter Writing Enrichment Review use of dictionary Words used as different parts of speech Prewriting strategies Graphic organisers Autobiographical writing IT: Record and update personal goals. How others see me (Quiz) Write letter to editor giving opinion. ‘One’ (James Berry) Build words using root words Prewriting strategies: Discussion, webbing, note taking, Write a biography IT: Conduct research for a biography UN Declaration of Rights of the Child Design a notice. IT: Research: Find out more about UN. Recognise and use idioms and proverbs Informal letters Write a letter of apology. IT: Type a letter using correct layout Further extract from Harriet’s Daughter Write instructions. ‘An Odd Kettle of Fish’ Creole and Standard English Making notes Main idea, headings, numbering/ lettering, bullet points IT: Find out more about one of the people in the reading text. Make notes Learning styles: questionnaire. Make notes on personal learning style. ‘Checking Out Me History’ (John Agard) Suffixes Paragraphing Topic sentence, supporting details Write different paragraph types: chronological, giving opinion. IT: Write newspaper article. ‘The New Boy’ (Timothy Callender) Rewrite poem as a narrative. IT: Rewrite story from different perspective. Sound effects in poetry: rhyme, metre, alliteration, onomatopoeia Post writing strategies: Peer editing, revising and publishing IT: Edit and revise paragraphs. Whatever Happened to New Man? (Newspaper article) Irony, rhetorical questions Letter to editor expressing viewpoint IT: Email letters to other students. Writing process: Pre-writing, note taking, paragraphing, revising Research skills: Evaluate information sources Summary writing Summarise graphical material IT: Type summaries and produce final draft. Barbados, Our Island Home (Alexander Hoyos) Conduct a survey and record results. Write a feature article. IT: Prepare research instrument. Prefixes: pre, co, en, ex Expository writing Structure and planning Write a report of a local tradition. IT: Create display about different traditions. ‘De Magic Poem’ (Benjamin Zephaniah) Dub poems, Limericks Write dub poem and limericks IT: Find more poems on the Internet. Sequence markers: Narrative Writing Retell a well-known story. Introductory and concluding paragraphs Sequence of events IT: Edit story. Two versions of The Ant and the Grasshopper (Aesop, Jean de la Fontaine) Compare and contrast different versions. 5 Unit Listening and Speaking Reading and Responding Language Matters 10. Legends Speaking: Panel discussion ‘Theseus and the Minotaur’, ‘Brave Boy Rap’ (Tony Mitton) Genre: Picture story, poem Skill: Venn diagram showing similarities and differences Simple, complex, compound sentences Subordinate clauses Conjunctions 11. Celebrations Listening: Note information about a Creole Festival. Speaking: Make arrangements to attend an event. The Dragon Can’t Dance (Earl Lovelace), ‘Jouvert Morning’ Skill: ‘telling’ and ‘showing’ descriptions Future tenses: Simple future, continuous future, future perfect, simple or continuous present expressing future 12. Mysteries Listening: Complete story table. Speaking: Retell a story. Evaluate storytelling. ‘I like to stay up’ (Grace Nichols), ‘The Listeners’ (Walter de la Mare) Genre: Poetry Skill: Deducing implied meaning Phrases: adjectival, adverbial, noun, prepositional Self-assessment questionnaire Sequence of tenses, conditional sentences, joining sentences Revision and Practice B 13. Natural Disasters Listening: Summarise a news report. Speaking: Making an emergency telephone call Floods Wreak Havoc in Dominican Republic Genre: Newspaper report Skill: Prioritising actions Adverbial clauses Adjectival clauses 14. Pollution Listening: Summarise views expressed in discussion. Speaking: Short speeches for and against an issue Have Your Say Genre: Television debate Skill: Recognise subjective and objective language Noun clauses Punctuation: hyphens 15. Healthy Living Listening and speaking: Give instructions for recovery position. Compare layout and impact of posters. You are what you eat Genre: Leaflet Skill: Identify persuasive language. Passive voice Double negatives 16. Theatre Speaking: Discuss different forms of non-verbal communication. A Model Student Genre: drama Skill: Identify features of a play. Direct speech: punctuation review Reported Speech 17. The School Show Speaking: Discuss characters in plays and movies. Present a character. The audition (Everard Palmer) Genre: Fiction Skill: Identify language relating to drama. Reported questions and instructions Punctuation: ellipsis 18. Cinema Listening and Speaking: Listen to film review. Fill in missing information on posters. Arrange to go to the movies with friend. Craig Griffith – Sci-fi Fanatic Genre: Magazine interview Skill: Identify realism and fantasy. Gerunds and infinitives Punctuation: brackets, dash Self-assessment questionnaire Passive voice, clauses, reported speech, quotation marks, hyphens Revision and Practice C 6 Words Matter Writing Enrichment Connectives: Cause and effect Comparing and contrasting Reporting events Write a newspaper story. Write from a different perspective. IT: Write and publish a news story. Traditional tale: The Mystery of the Missing Necklace Dramatise the story. Use a thesaurus to select adjectives. Descriptive writing Setting the scene and choosing the right words Write a description of a festival or celebration. IT: Edit description. Brochure: Jazz it up in the Caribbean Persuasive writing Design brochure and make a radio announcement. IT: Design a brochure. Review of imagery Hyperbole Writing a review Write a poetry review. The Three Witches: extract from Macbeth (William Shakespeare) ‘Old Higue’ (Martin Carter) Write a poem or story IT: Find out more about Shakespeare. Sequence markers, using a thesaurus Summarising, planning, writing story openings Problem words Using a spellchecker Formal letters Write a letter of complaint. Extract from a novel: Only One Blow of the Wind (John Hearne) Write factual and personal accounts. IT: Edit eyewitness account. Subject-specific vocabulary Jargon Argumentative writing Essay planning: points for and against Introduction and conclusion Newsletter of Environmental group ‘Poisoned Talk’ (Raymond Wilson) Write a song or poem or design poster with environmental message Adverbs of frequency Persuasive Writing Design a poster and a leaflet on the benefits of exercise. IT: Design a poster Young people and HIV/AIDS, leaflet and real-life story Plan group entry for a competition. Hold a meeting and take minutes. IT: Prepare agenda and minutes of meeting. Phrasal verbs Character Study Plot characteristics and motives onto graphic organiser. Write about actions and motives of characters in plays, films or books. IT: Record details in table. When My Father Comes Home (Shirley Warde) Write stage directions. Role play a police interview. Write a report. IT: Write a newspaper article. Connectives: Adding information Emphasising Giving examples Functional Writing Design a programme for a show and write a press release. IT: Design programme and send email. Drama Round the World: expository text Classify information. IT: Research dramatic forms on Internet. Prepositions used with adjectives Prepositional phrases Writing a review Write a film review. Determine evaluation criteria, draft, revise and publish. IT: Create a movie magazine. ‘A Close Encounter’ (Adrian Rumble) Website comments on UFOs Write text of an email. IT: Email friends about UFOs. Phrasal verbs Order of paragraphs, checking for spelling mistakes Planning essays, proofreading 7 Unit 1 Introductions Listening You are going to hear an interview between an employer and a student applying for a part-time job. Focus on Skills: Listening for information Before you listen: Check carefully what you need to find out. While you are listening: Make a few notes, but don’t spend too much time writing. When you have finished listening: Check your notes and fill in any missing details. 1 Copy the table, listen to the interview and fill in the missing information. You will hear the interview twice. Application for position as sales assistant Surname Haynes First name Date of birth Schools attended Qualifications Positions of responsibility Work experience Plans for the future Speaking 1 Copy the diagram and complete it with details about yourself. Use it to give a short presentation about yourself to yourr g group. Presenting yourself Tell your audience some basic facts about yourself, for example, your age and where you live. Don’t spend too long on this. Your listeners will be interested in learning about the kind of person you are and the things you like to do. Remember to give plenty of examples. Compare these two statements. • I am very energetic. • I like to be active. I go outside whenever I can and kick a ball around with my friends. Which do you think gives us a clearer picture of the person who is speaking? My personality Facts about me Me Things I like *Teacher’s Note: Listening scripts can be found in the Reference Section and in the Teacher’s cher’s Guide Guide. 10 Unit 1 My future plans My goals for this year Reading and Responding The extract you are about to read is taken from ‘To the New World’ which is included in Pataki Full, a collection of short stories set in Belize. The author, Sir Colville Young, was born in 1932. He was the founding president of the University of Belize, and became the country’s second Governor General in 1993. In this story, Cristobal, a simple Belizean farmer, is planning to travel abroad for the first time. Before you read Skim the extract to find out: • where this part of the story is set • which three characters appear • why Cristobal wishes to travel Skimming: looking over a text quickly to find out what it is about. It is helpful to look out for the names of people and places. Cristobal Applies for a Visa ‘Cristobal Santa María. Cristobal Santa María.’ His name at last! He rose hastily from his seat and hustled to the window where the tall blond man waited behind the glass partition to interview him. His wife went behind him. ‘Only one applicant at a time is permitted at a service window,’ pronounced the tall blond man. His eyes were like icebergs reflecting a blue sky. ‘My wife,’ Cristobal smiled. ‘My wife Bella. We come together.’ ‘Do you understand English?’ was the first question Cristobal had to deal with. He found it puzzling: hadn’t he just mentioned, and in English, that he and his wife were at the embassy together? ‘Do you understand English, Mr. Santa María?’ came the question again. ‘Yes, yes,’ Cristobal said hastily. ‘I know English good.’ ‘Only one applicant at a time is permitted at a service window.’ There was the sound of Isabella noisily sucking her teeth and going back to her seat. What the man behind the glass did not know was that shortly afterwards she began edging back to the window, positioning herself where she could hear every word of the interview while remaining invisible to the man behind the counter. ‘Why do you wish to travel to the United States of America?’ Unit 1 11 ‘My brother Benito he dead. I going for the burying.’ ‘You have evidence to substantiate the reason you give for the visit to the United States of America?’ Cristobal had been forewarned and was forearmed. He pushed the telegram from Alfredo through the hole in the glass. ‘You have in your possession a return airfare ticket to the United States of America?’ Again, Cristobal had been well advised. He pushed the airline ticket in the bright blue TACA1 folder towards the man with the iceberg blue eyes. ‘Do you have a steady job to return to when you come back from the United States of America, Mr. Santa María?’ ‘Yes,’ said Cristobal. ‘I am a farmer. Some years dat’s good money, I can tell you.’ ‘And what is the name of the farmer you work for?’ ‘Work for? I’m a farmer. I work for myself. I own my farm.’ ‘I regret to have to inform you’ (he neither looked nor sounded regretful) ‘that I am unable, for several reasons, to grant you a visa. For example, the size of your farm indicates you are what could be termed as a subsistence farmer. Which hardly qualifies as steady employment – like a teacher or policeman, say. And furthermore, the very occasion of your trip, the supposed or let us say alleged death of your brother in New York –’ The smooth flow was interrupted by Cristobal passed his land title through to the official, a howl of such intensity that the man who studied the papers for a few moments before behind the glass, his impassive pose coming to a decision. completely forgotten, leapt back two full feet. It was Isabella, sobbing, screaming and speaking all at once. ‘So my poor husband is not to be allowed to attend the funeral of his own brother, eh?’ ‘Lady,’ said the iceberg urgently, his aplomb partly recovered. ‘If you do not comport yourself properly, the security guard will be obliged to put you –’ ‘We put you an’ de embassy in every newspaper in Belize, how de poor man bredda dead an’ ’e can’t even atten’ de funeral even dough all his papers in proper order.’ Once again she split the air with a howl, this time a few more decibels higher than before. ‘Listen lady,’ the man spoke up more urgently than ever, ‘come back tomorrow and I will give you my decision.’ ‘An’ de visa?’ demanded Isabella, her mouth open to howl again. ‘Have no fear, the decision will be favourable. Come back tomorrow at nine and ask the lady at the counter for the passport. The visa will be stamped in it.’ TACA: Central American airline Adapted from ‘To the New World’ by Colville Young 12 Unit 1 1a Answer these questions. 1. What do you learn about the physical appearance of the official? 2. How did Isabella manage to hear what was said in the interview? 3. Which documents did Cristobal give to the official? 4. Explain in your own words: Cristobal had been forewarned and was forearmed. 5. Does the official believe the reason Cristobal gives for wishing to travel to the USA? Give reasons for your answer. 6. Which of the following best describes a subsistence farmer? a. He receives help from the government to run his farm. b. He makes his living from selling his crops. c. He grows just enough food for himself and his family to live on. d. He makes a good living from farming. 7. Which of these adjectives best describes how Cristobal and his wife feel at the end of the extract? a. annoyed b. worried c. amused d. triumphant 8. Which of the following adjectives do you think best describes the tone of this extract? a. serious b. humorous c. angry d. sad 1b Now discuss the answers to these questions. 1. Cristobal claims that he can speak good English. Do you agree? Give reasons for your answer. 2. How does Isabella make the official change his mind about the visa? 3. What is your opinion of the official at the embassy? Look carefully at the extract and give reasons for your answer. 4. What do you think might happen when Cristobal goes to the USA? 2 Choose suitable words from the box to replace the words in bold type. partition hustled regretful intensity alleged 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 3 aplomb hastily impassive Cristobal got up very quickly and went to the counter. He hurried to the window where the official was sitting. The official was sitting behind a glass panel. The official claimed that Cristobal was not telling the truth. The expression on the official’s face was completely emotionless. He was startled by the strength of Isabella’s shout of protest. He did not appear sorry when he refused to give Cristobal a visa. He was surprised by Isabella’s reaction, but soon regained his confidence. The official uses very formal English when speaking to Cristobal and his wife. Rewrite these sentences in more simple language. Example: ‘You have in your possession a return airfare ticket to the United States of America?’ ‘Do you have a return air ticket to the USA?’ 1. ‘You have evidence to substantiate the reason you give for the visit to the United States of America?’ 2. ‘The size of your farm indicates you are what could be termed as a subsistence farmer.’ 3. ‘If you do not comport yourself properly, the security guard will be obliged to put you –’ 4. ‘Have no fear, the decision will be favourable.’ Unit 1 13 Language Matters Parts of speech review Look at the Grammar Guide on page 206 to revise parts of speech. 1 Match the parts of speech to their definitions. noun a word which describes a person, place, thing or quality verb a short word used to replace a noun adjective a word which tells you how something is done adverb a word which refers to a person, place, thing or quality pronoun a word or expression which describes actions or states 2 Are the underlined words nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs or pronouns? Example: departure : noun On the morning of his departure (1), Cristobal began (2) to feel a little nervous (3). He checked in (4) at the TACA counter (5) and kissed the rest of his family (6) goodbye. They (7) all waved furiously (8) as he walked away. A few minutes later, he (9) was sitting safely (10) in the plane waiting for the take-off (11). It had all happened more quickly (12)than he had expected (13). He tried to remember the detailed (14) instructions he had received (15) about changing planes at Miami International Airport (16). 3 Join the following sentences using a suitable conjunction from the list below. but as soon as until because so that and when Conjunctions: are words used to join sentences or parts of sentences. Example: Miami Airport was very large. Cristobal did not get lost. Miami Airport was very large but Cristobal did not get lost. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 4 14 I listened carefully. I wanted to know what I had to do. Isabella did not leave the airport. The plane had left. The man sat down in the plane. He fastened his seat belt. We need to leave early. We will arrive on time. Cristobal felt relieved. The plane landed. Everyone got up. The plane stopped moving. Complete the paragraph below with suitable prepositions. After I got __off_ the plane, I showed my passport ________ (1) the immigration officer, then I waited ________ (2) my bags. When they arrived, I picked them ________ (3) and put them ________ (4) a trolley. Outside, my cousin was standing ________ (5) my aunt. They both waved ________ (6) me. My aunt ran ________ (7) me and put her arms ________ (8) me. My uncle was waiting outside ________ (9) his car. I sat in the front seat ________ (10) him. Unit 1 Prepositions: are words which come before nouns and pronouns. They show how nouns and pronouns are related to another part of the sentence.
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