The Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation July 2012

The Busan Partnership for
Effective Development Cooperation
July 2012
t the Fourth High-Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness the Busan Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation was endorsed. This
agreement marks the evolution of international development co-operation.
Shared principles to achieve common goals
The Busan Partnership document specifically highlights a set of common principles for all development actors that are key to making
development cooperation effective.
• Ownership of development priorities by developing counties:
Countries should define the development model that they want
to implement.
• A focus on results: Having a sustainable impact should be the
driving force behind investments and efforts in development policy
• Partnerships for development: Development depends on the
participation of all actors, and recognises the diversity and
complementarity of their functions.
• Transparency and shared responsibility: Development cooperation must be transparent and accountable to all citizens
These principles are recognised and accepted by all those involved in
development co-operation, from donor and recipient country governments to
providers of south-south cooperation, international organisations, civil society,
parliamentarians and local government. The wide participation of a range
of actors with differentiated responsibilities and shared goals is one of the
notable characteristics of this partnership.
A new impetus to the efficiency agenda
The Paris Declaration and Accra Agenda for Action defined principles and
established commitments that have contributed to improving the quality of
aid. However, as the 2011 Survey on Monitoring the Implementation of the
Paris Declaration showed, there remains much to be done in order to fully put
these principles into practice.
Those present in Busan went further than simply reiterating their commitment
to Paris and Accra, they also agreed to a series of concrete action points to
accelerate the implementation of these commitments, such as:
• Use results frameworks designed with the needs of the partner
country in mind as a common tool, and using country-led coordination arrangements.
• Untie aid to the maximum extent possible and - in 2012 - review
plans to achieve this.
The Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation
The Fourth High-Level Forum on
Aid Effectiveness (HLF4)
HLF4 - which took place in Busan, Korea from 29 November
to 1 December 2011 - aimed both
to evaluate progress already made
towards achieving more effective
aid, and to define an agenda for
the future. The international socioeconomic climate has changed
greatly since the Paris Declaration
for Aid Effectiveness was endorsed in 2005: the economic
crisis, the increasingly prominent role played by emerging
economies, and the diversification of development co
operation flows all mean that focus needed to be widened.
• International co-operation can no longer be
understood as simply a relationship between “rich”
and “poor” governments, but rather it is a complex
network that includes middle-income countries that
are both donors and recipients (South-South cooperation), multilateral organisations, international
financial institutions, and non-governmental
bodies such as the private sector and civil society
• International development needs to open up to the
wider development context; one that also takes into
consideration the role of the private sector, the fight
against corruption, preventing tax evasion. In these
areas countries most in need suffer considerable
losses of their domestic resources.
After a lengthy and highly participatory negotiation
process, the HLF4 concluded with the endorsement of
the “Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation” by over 160 countries and around 50 other
• Use country public financial management systems as the default option for development financing, and support the
strengthening of these systems where necessary.
• Strengthen transparency and approve a common standard for the electronic publication of data on development co-operation, to
be fully implemented by 2015
• In 2012, establish common principles to prevent the proliferation of multilateral organisation and global programmes and
funds, also in 2012 establish common principles to tackle the issue of countries that receive insufficient assistance (aid
• By 2013, provide recipient countries with regular, timely, indicative three-to-five-year forward expenditure plans.
• Increase support given to parliaments and local governments in carrying out their functions. Foster an environment for civil
society organisations as independent development actors.
It was also agreed in Busan to step up efforts towards gender equality, including the disaggregation of data by gender, and setting targets to
guide public policy making. Likewise, it was agreed to improve support for promoting sustainable development in situations of conflict and
fragility and strengthening resilience to disasters.
Finally the Busan Partnership recognises the fundamental contribution of South-South and triangular co-operation to sustainable development,
which goes beyond financial cooperation.
From aid effectiveness to effective development co-operation
One of the main characteristics of the Busan Partnership is its emphasis on the role of aid as a complement to other sources of development
financing, since aid on its own cannot break the poverty cycle. Consequently, development co-operation should be a catalyst to mobilise
resources to achieve development goals. Development partners are urged to reconsider how - and for what purpose - aid is invested, ensuring
that it is in accordance with commitments towards human rights, decent work, gender equality, environmental sustainability and disability.
The Busan partnership proposes:
• That domestic resources be mobilised to increase government resources. To do so, it urges development partners to fight more
directly against corruption and tax evasion.
• Taking a strong position on strengthening national institutions under the leadership of developing countries.
• Building stronger relationships between development co-operation and the prívate sector, by supporting the creation of a favourable
environment for the different partners and fostering public-private partnerships
• Sharing experiences between actors involved in climate change financing to optimise the use of resources in a manner coherent
with development policies.
Monitoring frameworks at the country and global level
One of the lessons learned between Paris and Busan was the importance of monitoring as a tool for partners to hold each other accountable
for their commitments.
As a result, in Busan, three processes were defined that, together with other initiatives, would enable the monitoring of these commitments:
• The establishment of indicators and goals at the country level defined according to the country’s own priorities. These will be used
to evaluate the progress made by different development actors on their commitments. The results will be made publicly available.
• A global monitoring framework with indicators and common goals that will enable cross-country comparison and foster international
accountability. A report will be published periodically.
• The creation of a “Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation” as an inclusive, representative forum that will
supervise and give political support to the accomplishment of the agreements.
The Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation