Related Party Disclosures: IAS 24 Wiecek and Young IFRS Primer Chapter 26 Related Party Disclosures 2 Related standards IAS 24 Current GAAP comparisons IFRS financial statement disclosures Looking ahead End-of-chapter practice Related Standards 3 FAS 57 Related Party Disclosures IAS 24 – Objective and Scope Related-party transactions are different from other types of transactions Arm’s-length transactions – – 4 Users may assume that the transaction reflects fair value Would be entered into during the normal course of business or with valid business reason from the entity’s perspective Related-party transactions – May be entered into for other reasons – May be transacted at amounts other than fair value IAS 24 – Objective and Scope Parties are related if: (a) directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, the party: (i) controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, the entity (ii) has an interest in the entity that gives it significant influence over the entity; or (iii) has joint control over the entity; (b) the party is an associate of the entity; (c) the party is a joint venture in which the entity is a venturer (d) the party is a member of the key management personnel of the entity or its parent; (e) the party is a close member of the family of any individual referred to in (a) or (d); (f) the party is an entity that is controlled, jointly controlled or significantly influenced by, or for which significant voting power in such entity resides with, directly or indirectly, any individual referred to in (d) or (e); or 5 (g) the party is a post-employment benefit plan for the benefit of employees of the entity, or of any entity that is a related party of the entity. IAS 24 – Objective and Scope Control – the power to govern the financial and operating policies of an entity so as to obtain benefits from its activities Joint control – the contractually agreed sharing of control over an economic activity Significant influence – the power to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of an entity, but is not control over those policies – 6 may be gained by share ownership, statute or agreement IAS 24 – Objective and Scope 7 IAS 24 – Disclosure Parent–Subsidiary Relationships Disclosures • • • The name of the parent The name of the ultimate controlling party If neither of the above produce financial statements that are available, the name of the next most senior parent Management Compensation Disclosures • • • • • 8 Short-term employee benefits (wages, salaries, bonuses, etc.) Post-employment benefits (pensions, life insurance, etc.) Other long-term benefits (sabbatical, disability, etc.) Terminations Share-based payments Total compensation benefits and subtotals for each of these categories should be disclosed IAS 24 – Disclosure Related-Party Transactions 9 Disclosures – Amount – Amount of balances still outstanding – Provisions for doubtful debt and any related expense recognized during the period Who should make separate disclosures? – Parent – Entities with joint control/significant influence over the entity – Subsidiaries – Associates – Joint ventures – Key management personnel – Other related parties IAS 24 – Disclosure Arm’s-length transactions/terms • • Examples of related-party transactions • • • • • 10 May only disclose if this claim can be substantiated Substantiation might be made by benchmarking against other similar transactions Purchase or sales of goods or property Leases Loans Guarantees Others Current GAAP Comparisons Page 140 of 164 of http://www.kpmg.co.uk/pubs/IFRScomparedtoU.S.GAAPAnOverview(2008).pdf 11 IFRS Financial Statement Disclosures Heineken http://www.annualreport.heineken.com/downloads/Heineken_AnnualReport_E N_07.pdf Related Parties note 12 page 126 of 160 Looking Ahead No plans to fundamentally change this standard in the near future – There is a project underway to address the requirements for state-controlled entities – 13 U.S. and international standards are already largely converged Used to study the definition of related parties further for associates and subsidiaries of the associate’s significant investor End-of-Chapter Practice 14 End-of-Chapter Practice 15 End-of-Chapter Practice 16 Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Reproduction or translation of this work beyond that permitted by Access Copyright is unlawful. Requests for further information should be addressed to the Permissions Department, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 111 River Street, Hoboken, NJ 07030-5774, (201) 748-6011, fax (201) 748-6008, website http://www.wiley.com/go/permissions. The purchaser may make back-up copies for his or her own use only and not for distribution or resale. The author and the publisher assume no responsibility for errors, omissions, or damages caused by the use of these programs or from the use of the information contained herein.
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