Unit 2 Review

Social Change Unit Review Study Guide:
Reviewing your homework questions, the textbook and your notes is a good place to start
Stanford Prison Experiment, Milgram Experiment, Asch Experiment
What is social change?
Questions about Social Change for each discipline
How do each the disciplines study social change?
3 main sources of cultural change: invention, discovery, diffusion
 Enculturation
 Incorporation
 Diffusion
 Directed Change
 Cultural Evolution
Relationship between attitudes and behaviours
 Cognitive consistency
 Cognitive dissonance theory
 Stages of Change Model
 Behavior Modification
 Mental Disorders
 Skinner- Operant Conditioning
 Maslow- Hierarchy of Needs
 Woodman- Relationship between men and women
 Jung- Unconscious Mind
How does social change come about?
Early Approaches: 1. From Decay 2. From Cycles of Growth and Decay 3. From Progress
 Tension adaptation model
 Accumulation
 Diffusion and Innovation Model
 Factors that affect social change
 Immanuel Wallerstein
 W.E.B Dubois
 Dorothy Smith
What is social change according to sociologists?
Conditions and Impediments for Social Change:
 Charismatic Leadership, modernizing elites, populace ready for change
 Traditional Cultural Values, Expense, Social Inequalities
Conformity and Alienation: Define – benefits and drawbacks
Why conform?
Informational Influence/ Normative Influence
Asch Experiment
Milgram Experiment
Poverty and Affluence
Public Policy Questions
Poverty Line
Reasons for the Wage Gap Between Women and Men
Gains for Women in the Workforce
Systemic discrimination
Employment Equity Act
Environment and Social Change
Dominant Paradigm
Alternative Environmental Paradigm
Technology and Social Change
Social Change Theory
Technological Determinism
+’ve and –‘ve effects of technology
Effects of overdependence on technology