SQL Server Query Performance Tuning: A 12–Step Program CHECK FOR TABLES + ROWCOUNTS EXAMINE THE FILTERS Make certain you know the rowcount KNOW THE SELECTIVITY OF THE TABLES 2 1 Make sure you’re working with tables (not views) Examine WHERE and JOIN clauses — what is the filtered rowcount? Most useful for RIGHT, LEFT, OUTER joins ANALYZE QUERY COLUMS Look for CASE, CAST, CONVERT SARG-able (make an index searchable so a full scan isn’t needed) Sub-queries REVIEW EXISTING KEYS, CONSTRAINTS AND INDEXES 4 EXAMINE THE EXECUTION PLAN Check to see if covering indexes can be created (avoid duplication, overlapping) Set statistics on (set statistics IO on + set statistics time on) 6 5 Know what objects exist (avoid duplicating efforts later on) RE-RUN THE QUERY ADJUST THE QUERY RECORD RESULTS Focus on logical I/O (number of logical reads) 7 8 Record the results and compare Look for logical reads (fewer logical I/Os means faster query) 9 CONSIDER ADJUSTING INDEXES Make small changes Run the plan Check the actual plan, not the estimated plan What is primary key definition, and is it clustered? Focus on most expensive operations first Make sure to work with the smallest possible logical set Know when the predicate is applied– should be earlier rather than later Look for select * or scalar functions (the more data brought back, the less optimal it may be to use certain functions 3 Consider covering index—an index that includes every column that satisfies the query Consider a filtered index (but not if you have parameterized statements) RE-RUN THE QUERY 11 10 ENGINEER OUT THE STUPID Look to reduce logical i/o Cursors and row-by-row processing Scalar functions Join/query/table hints Code-first generators (EMF, LNQ, nHibernate) can be mis-used and bloat the plan cache Nested views that go across linked servers 12 Abuse of wildcards (*) — pulling back too many rows Find and fix query performance faster with SolarWinds Database Performance Analyzer. Free 14-day trial at: www.solarwinds.com/dpa-download © 2015 SolarWinds. All rights reserved.
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