Costume Ideas for the Renaissance Faire Friday June 10, 2011 Dear Parents, Here are some easy costume ideas for the Renaissance Faire. After years of Renaissance Faires at Wolftrap there are many wonderful costumes in the neighborhoods. Check with former Wolftrap students to see if you could borrow one. Some of the local party stores do stock costumes (Economy Party Supplies in Falls Church is one that has costumes year round for purchase or rental). Additionally, there are many sites on the internet where costumes can be ordered or used for inspiration to create a homemade costume. A few sites are: www.costumesupercenter.com/ www.museumreplicas.com/s-25-costumes-accessories.aspx www.starcostumes.com www.costumesinc.com/t227/Renaissance-Costumes-themes.html www.holyclothing.com www.ebay.com ~ make “garb” from things at home ~ Good sources: Mom’s closet Your Pants, belts nightgowns bathrobe shoes – boots, sandals, shirts skirts shoes jewelry Simple weaves and colors. Remember everything was natural . . . no wild colors closet Girls – Remember to cover your head! Boys and Girls – embroidery ribbon is a great thing to use for decoration Necklace Collar up Band (ribbon) Necklac Surcoat or tunic (Mom’s shirt, Dad’s T-shirt . . . should come to the k Small pouc Linen shirt (loose shirt – mom’s or yours) (Girls . . . may be top of dress / i h ) Wool or linen pants (Cotton Long ribbon pajama bottoms?) Cross gartering (strips of material or rope – about 1 – 3 d l !) Nightgow n or long Sca Male Clothing Early Years 800 – 1100 AD Short braies secured by running a sting at waist Cloak [Saxon word (chape)] or mantle (wool) shown here Belt Undertunic (linen) worn over a “shirt” of linen [Saxon – sherte] – the shirt was worn day and i h (linen or wool) Tunic Braies (knee length or longer) linen or wool Leg bindings (wool) Hose or socks (linen) Braies are made from 3 l Check out http://thescholarsgarret.com/artifact/braies/ for more information Shaved head of Norman fighting man - circa Shoes (leather or canvas) Early 11th Century Later years 1100 – 1400 Long hair As the years went by, cloths began to hug the body and became eccentrically ornate among the l Super tunic, worn open at the sides Men of Aristocracy Dragged edge hood Outer Dalmatic - made to fit you with back Parti-colored Undertunic 14th Century Tippets Female Clothing Coverchief or veil made from linen Hair completely gussets Tight sleeves of Tunic (male and female) made from 4 rectangles gussets may be added for f ll ki Saxon Cloak (wool) The keys to the household were hung from a belt Super-tunic or kirtle (linen or l Undertunic Shoes of leather or canvas Circlet to hold Veil (fine Hair braded and bound with ribbons Close fitting gown with wide sleeves (Laced in back) Long cloak Back lacing for snug fit Clothes became more form fitting over the Fillet 13th Century Line bar … hair under crespin (net) Veil Wimple Sideless surcoat (open to hip level) Undertunic worn over the chemise (see shirt) People of the Middle Ages People of the Middle Ages People of the Middle Ages Plain and Fancy Renaissance Fashion Wealthy women wore elaborate clothing. A rich gentlemen dressed fashionably. Children from wealthy families dressed well. They made clothes from homespun materials such as brown wool. Women often wore white aprons and bonnets. Men wore short or long tunics over their pants. Hats shaded their eyes. Their clothes might be made of green silk trimmed in white fur. A headdress held with wire was a hat. Elegant but flimsy shoes of velvet or soft leather matched their dresses. They put white powder on their faces and red rouge on their lips. Both boys and girls wore dressed until they were six. Then a boy was breeched – put into breeches, or pants. He might wear brown tights under a blue velvet tunic. His tunic fit over a yellow jerkin, or shirt. His sister might wear a yellow hooped-frame or farthingale under a purple dress. He might wear a blue silk cape over a green doublet, or vest. His highpleated white collar was called a ruff. His slashed, blue knee leather shoes matched his brown hat which had a red plume. Women wore big head-dresses and robes with long sleeves. They wore their belts high up above their waists. Houses and castles were cold and drafty, so clothes were often lined with fur. This helped people to keep warm. Peasant’s clothes were made of rough linen or woll. They were looser than the rich people’s clothing and better for working in. Nearly everyone wore a hat. Shoes with long toes were fashionable for many years. A law made in 1420 said that poor men were not allowed to wear them. A prince could wear shoes 24 inches long if he wanted. Shoe toes were tied to the leg so that people did not trip over them. Farthingales: Skirts were held bout by frames called farthingales. The frames were made of whalebone, wood, wire or padding covered by linen. Make a medieval pouch How to make a ruff Clothes did not have pockets so people kept things in pouches (little bags) tied around their waist. Ruffs were very popular. Some were so large that people needed spoons with very long handles to reach their mouths to eat. To make a pouch you need: a circle of strong cloth (such as felt) 8 inches across, scissors and a long piece of string. Cut slits 1 (one) inch apart near the edge of the circle. Do not cut through the edge Weave the sting in and out through the slits. Pull the ends of the string to gather the cloth into a pouch. You can now put tings in the pouch and tie it around your waist. To make a ruff you need: two large pieces of paper, cellophane tape, scissors and two paper clips. Suggestions for Costumes KING Tights, turtleneck, long colorful tunic in brocade or shiny material, contrasting cape with fur trim around hem, neck, and cuffs, lots of jewelry, gold crown with jewels, if desired; leather boots; and a shiny belt. QUEEN Long, fancy dress; long cape in a complementary color, accented with gold chains and other jewelry; tiara with jewels - - or other crown - - but smaller than the King’s; stockings; and pretty shoes GUESTS AT THE HEAD TABLE: GENTLEMEN Tights and turtlenecks: long tunics; fancy vests over tunics, if desired; a fancy rope belt or gold chain; jewelry; boots; large, floppy hats with feathers or jewels; and a cape over tunic GUESTS AT THE HEAD TABLE: WOMEN Long, fancy dress, but not to overpower the Queen; necklace, rings, etc; bright-colored cape over gown (does not have to be long) Hats of a cone-type with a long, satin scarf flowing from point; visors covered and worn backwards on head, draping a piece of material from the top and extending to the shoulders; a frame made from a coat hanger or other pliable material covered and attached to a headband, with material draped over this frame for a high, squared look; flowers; and ribbons. MUSICIANS Rolled-up pants (solid color) or knickers over tights; a man’s white; long-sleeved shirt worn outside of pants; belts, in a colorful material or rope; hats such as berets with braid hanging from one side; boots dark shoes or ballet shoes; and ribbons around sleeves to “blouse” the sleeve and keep it in place. JESTERS Dark tights and leotards (bright colors - - possibly two different colored legs) shorts under tunic for comfort (tunic should be very colorful with fringed or scalloped edging and bells on the edges of the points); soft ballet shoes or custommade shoes with points at the ends. Curled up; ankle bracelets with bells; and big puffy hats with pointed ends in bright colors. Peasants’ Costumes Choose any of these suggestions for your costumes, and combine any that sound interesting. Also, add your own touches - - like ribbons on sleeves or at the knees. MEN 1. Tights or high knee socks (most important) 2. Dark or light pants rolled up to the knee 3. Knickers 4. Tunic tops over the thighs (with shorts underneath) 5. Rope or leather belts, with a pouch hanging from belt 6. Blousy shirt with large sleeves rolled up, or turtleneck top under tunic 7. Vests worn open over shirts 8. Leather or suede boots, especially those that fold over ballet slippers, or dark shoes 9. Camps, berets, puffy caps, “Robin Hood” type hats or caps with feathers Choose any of these suggestions for your costumes, and combine any that sound interesting. Also, add your own touches. WOMEN 1. Tights – any color, except bright colors 2. Long, simple peasant dresses with puffy sleeves - - if sleeves are short, try to find a leotard to wear underneath to cover arms 3. Peasant skirts and blouses - - try to find a belt in leather, suede, rope, or chain to contrast with clothing (NO BRIGHT COLORS) 4. Aprons of a brighter color; worn over dresses or skirts 5. Vests worn open or laced over blouses 6. Simple jewelry, perhaps gold chains or metal belts Costumes for Nuns and Friars 1. A long robe. 2. A dark skirt underneath (will be hidden) 3. White blouse if it shows at the top of robe, it will be a nice contrast to the color of the robe) 4. A hood (if it is on robe, that is fine), or white scarf for head 5. Dark shoes, ballet slippers, or sandals 6. Dark tights 7. A gold chain or a medallion over rope Costumes for Nobility Choose any of these suggests for your costumes, and combine any that sound interesting. WOMEN 1. A fancy dress (not too fancy as to overshadow a king or queen) below knee or floor length, of any color is fine 2. A delicate shawl or cape over dress in any contrasting color, or a matching jacket with dress 3. A leotard under a sleeveless dress 4. Long capes or robes over skirts or dresses, perhaps of brocade or fancy material (wide sleeves were popular) 5. Trim of a fancy material on dresses or robes, gold cloth anywhere, or fur trim on robes 6. Belts of satin, velvet or chain around robes or dresses 7. Head coverings of flowers for the hair 8. Fancy shoes, sandals, or ballet skippers 9. Tights or stockings 10. Jewelry anywhere you want How to Make a Hennin No one knows exactly where the word hennin came from of how it got its meaning. Some scholars think that it may have been a term shouted as an insult at the women who wore these tall hats by other women who could not afford them. As time went on the term came to mean a tall cone-shaped hat. These hats were worn by noblewomen during the late Middle Ages. Hennins became the fashion rage of the late fifteenth century. They often had veils or scarves attached to them and were sometimes referred to as steeple hats. It was said that castle doorways had to be made taller in order that women wearing these headdresses could pass through without losing them. Materials: cardboard paper or sheet of poster board about 22 inches tall and 26 inches wide, scissors, tape and stapler. Procedure: Follow the steps below. 6.5” Step #1 22” Step #2 22” 26” 1. Make a pattern as shown above Step #3 2. Cut out the shape of the hat and twist into a cone. Try out base for head size. Staple or tape securely Step #4 Jester Directions and Hat Pattern Cut out the jester hat pattern below and on the following page fold Trace the head pattern on two 6 inch by 6 inch squares of muslin-like material. Cut-out. Trace the hat pattern on two 4 inch by 8 inch pieces of fabric and cut out. Lay the collar pattern on a piece of fabric that measures 5 inches by 10 inches when folded. Make sure that marked lines are along the fold. Step 4 Lay the right side of one hat piece upside down on the right side of one head piece between the dotted lines as shown. Stitch the bottom of the hat to the head. Repeat with the other hat and head pieces. Step 5 With each hat piece folded up, lay and pin the right sides of both fabric pieces together. Step 6 Stitch ¼ inch away from the edge of the hat and head. DO NOT stitch across the bottom of the neck. Turn inside out and stuff the hat, head and neck. Step 7 Step 8 Using a narrow piece of ribbon or string make large stitches around the inside of the collar. Gently pull both ends to gather the collar. Slip the collar around the neck of the jester. Tie the ends of the ribbon to secure the collar. Add a face, bells, ribbons or other details to your jester. Hat pattern (Cut Two) Jester Head and Collar Pattern Stitch hat between these lines Head pattern (Cut Two) Place along the fold Collar Pattern Cut One Place along the fold Fine Renaissance clothing materials and accessories quickly became the foundation for a new era of Renaissance fashion. Unlike anything previous, Renaissance clothing was characterized by short upper garments among men, and an overall trend towards tight–fitting clothes. There are countless pictorial examples found in books, tapestries, and archeological sources. Wealth and social rank was easily distinguished with the help of precious garments (just as it is today). Renaissance clothing was a public display and would validate your status. Even if you did not have much money, you would be accepted into society if you wore the right clothes and carried yourself in a refined manner. The church played an active role in Renaissance clothing by condemning those who focused too heavily on fashion trends for being guilty of the sin of vanity. This label was easily applied to anyone who was wearing "the latest fashion" because it clearly separated them for people who were wearing the older designs (out of fashion). Moralists and preachers felt there was danger in the fact that "trend setters" were able to manipulate the systems of distinction originally developed by a given society. This ideology can be detected in the Late Middle Ages and into The Renaissance as 14th and 15th century laws were created to control Renaissance clothing. These judgments started after the Black Plague when nobility and aristocracy tried to stabilize their positions. New laws dictated rigid regulations of Renaissance clothing cuts, colors and materials. In reality, these laws were in fact "luxury legislations" and heavily influenced by the church. One example comes from England. In 1363, English law restricted the amount of money servants, grooms, and employees of urban craftsmen could spend on clothes. It also prohibited them from wearing silk or any other precious textiles. Colors of Renaissance clothing were given meanings as shown by the following: • • • • • • Green = love Gray = sorrow Yellow = hostility Blue = fidelity (except in the Low Countries where it represented adulterous wives) Red = nobility Black & Gray = lower status people (It is ironic to note that by the 15th century the black and grey colors were worn by the high aristocracy and royalty.) Noble ladies were often the leading trend setters in Renaissance fashion. Their dress would include precious jewels, fur cloaks and other elaborate decorations as a sign of their aristocracy and high social rank. However, since fashion items were available to anyone with money, the distinctive meaning for aristocratic Renaissance clothing could be mimicked by the lower classes.
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