Karakia: Prayers: Karakia Timatanga: E te Atua

Karakia: Prayers:
Karakia Timatanga:
E te Atua
Lord
He mihi tenei ki a koe
This is a greeting to you
Mo au painga ki a matou
For your kindness to us
I tenei wa
At this time
Amine
Amen
Karakia Whakamutunga
E te atua
Lord
Kua mutu a matou mahi mo tenei wa
Our work is finished for this time
Arahina matou ki o matou ka inga
Guide us to our home
Ko ihu karaiti to matou Ariki
For Jesus Christ, our Lord’s sake
Amine
Amen
Karakia Kai
E te atua
Lord
Whakapaignia enei kai
Bless these foods
Hei ora mo o matou tinana
As sustenance for our bodies
Amine
Amen
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae. Compiled by Lysandra Stuart. Sir Keith Park School
Marae Complex
In the past a pa was a Maori village consisting of ceremonial and living quarters,
food pits, food storage houses and palisades like a fortress. On Mangere Mountain
there is an example of historic pa living. www.mangeremountain.co.nz Another
good example of one of New Zealand’s oldest pa’s is One Tree Hill.
http://www.tki.org.nz/r/socialscience/curriculum/SSOL/onetreehill/background_e.php
Today a marae consist of only a few buildings. These are usually the wharenui,
Marae
wharekai, wharepaku and storage sheds. In the past there would have been
numerous buildings. Marae refers to the place where people formally come together
on a specific occasion for a specific function. These can include hui, tangi, weddings,
reunions and birthdays.
Marae Atea The sacred ground in front of the meeting house or wharenui. The full name for this Te
Maraenui Atea O Tumatauenga, The greater marae of Tumatauenga, Guardian of
War.
Wharekai This is the dinning hall where all meals are held. Cooks or chefs were referred to as the
ringa wera. This is a place of noa opposite to tapu. Most marae have their own
protocols and rules but the main rules to observe are
DO NOT sit on tables ANYWHERE
DO NOT smoke in the wharekai
DO NOT throw food at all
DO NOT pass food over anyone head.
Wharenui The main building of the complex. It is also known as a whare tupuna. It may or may
not have carvings. It is the place where all formal procedures occur for hui, tangi and
gatherings. The building itself is usually named after an ancestor and at times is
structured to symbolically represent the ancestor.
Wharehoroi This is the bathroom, shower block, wash house. Sometimes the wharepaku or toilets
are combined with the wharehoroi.
Flag Pole Some marae have flag poles. The flags flown represent the iwi, issues or people of the
marae. Sometimes they are flown on an important occasion to notify iwi and hapu.
Memorial Some marae have a memorial to those that have died usually during wars. Others have
memorial stone if a marae or urupa have been moved and or the place where
Stone
something of significance has been buried beneath.
Pa
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae. Compiled by Lysandra Stuart. Sir Keith Park School
Wharenui
Other names are whare whakairo, whare moe, whare tipuna, whare tupuna, whare
hui, or whare runanga. When you enter a whare you are not just entering a building
but you are being embraced by the tupuna or ancestors or that marae, that iwi. His
or her arms are outstretched to greet you.
Tekoteko
The carved figure or head at the top. This is in front of the wharenui.
Koruru
Is usually under the tekoteko and represents a direct descendant of the
ancestor.
Maihi
Two large beams sloping downwards from the tekoteko. They can also
represent the arms of the ancestor.
Raparapa
Amo
Tahuhu
These are found at the end of the maihi and represent the fingers of the
ancestor.
Two front carvings at each side of the meeting house supporting the maihi.
These represent the side of the ancestor.
Large beam inside the building holding up the roof. It runs the entire length of
the building and is often decorated with kowhaiwhai patterns.
Heke
The rafters on the ceiling running between tahuhu to the walls and often
decorated with kowhaiwhai patterns.
Poupou
These are the carved figures along the walls of the meeting house. They
usually are named after important ancestors. Sometimes they can also
represent other tribes.
Panels between the poupou showing various designs woven in pattern
representing Maori concepts.
Tukutuku
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae. Compiled by Lysandra Stuart. Sir Keith Park School
Powhiri
A welcome to a marae
Tangata
Whenua
The people who belong to the marae. The hosts.
Manuhiri
The visitors to the marae.
Inoi
Wero
Karanga
Mihi
Waiata
A prayer said near the beginning of a powhiri.
A challenge from the tangata whenua to the manuhiri
The call from the tangata whenua to bring the manuhiri onto the
marae.
Greetings and Speeches
The songs that follow each speaker.
Koha
Donation or gift.
Hongi
The traditional Maori greeting, the pressing of nose and forehead.
Kai
Te
Wharenui
The sharing of food, eating of a meal by manuhiri and tangata
whenua.
The meeting house.
Poroporoaki The farewell
Kaumatua
Kuia
Elders of the marae.
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae. Compiled by Lysandra Stuart. Sir Keith Park School
Marae PD Workshops
Marae Across the Curriculum:
Marae is an excellent example how Te Ao Maori, the Maori
World can be incorporated across the curriculum. Maori is not
stand alone subject to learn a bit of language or learn
protocols or tikanga. Maori is a living breathing culture where
reo, tikanga and akoranga or learning is forever taking place. A brief look at how
Marae can be used across the curriculum in your class.
a
Patokatoka – Whai- String Games:
Patokatoka is a simple game that can be played on the
Marae using strings or harakeke (flax). It can be played by all
ages and tests speed and reaction. It also increases
awareness. This game was designed to test the persons ability to focus multitask
and concentrate on two different tasks at once.
Ta Potaka – Putahi:
Ta Potaka (spinning tops): Whip tops made of wood were used
for competitions. You needed excellent eye/hand coordination. A
skilful technique was necessary when competitions were held
between hapu. Instructions: Wrap string around the top tightly
making sure you
leave enough
string to hold on
to. Hold onto the
top to keep it steady and quickly pull
the string towards you - hard!. The
top should start to spin, if not KEEP
TRYING.
Putahi (board game): A game of
strategy and skill. Two opponents
out-thinking each other - similar to the game of drafts but much faster!
Instructions: Two people pay where one has four striped perepere and the other
player has four plain perepere. The perepere are set up in the outer ring alternating.
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae. Compiled by Lysandra Stuart. Sir Keith Park School
One perepere is moved by a player at each turn. A perepre can only move into an
adjacent space or into the centre if it is empty. When your opponent cannot move
your have won and you call out "PUTAHI"
Kowhaiwhai:
Kowhaiwhai are the painted patterns usually decorated
on the wooden rafters of a carved whare. Traditionally the colours are black, white
and yellow. Although sometimes blue, yellow or green is added.
Waiata:
Participants will learn three waiata or songs. They will also learn
their meanings so that they could use them in their classes or in
different situations such as powhiri situation e.g. Welcoming
visitors, tangi, assemblies.
Why do we sing a waiata after each speaker? Can we sing any song on
any occasion?
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae. Compiled by Lysandra Stuart. Sir Keith Park School
Marae Across Pacific Maori:
A brief look at Marae across Pacific Maori. Comparing Marae with Tahiti, The Cook
Islands and New Zealand, or mala`e in Tonga or malae in Samoa and Hawaii.
Whakairo:
Whakairo or carvings is not just about carving the stories
but reading the stories from the carvings. Maori historically
was not a written language but an oral one. Carvings tell us
about our history and the deeds of our tupuna or ancestors.
Tititorea:
Tititorea or double short sticks. There are many games for playing, learning and
competing with tititorea. Other than the obvious hand eye coordination skills needed,
waiata would need to be learnt, team work established and opportunities for
socialisation. There is no age limit and both children and adults can join in. You can
start simply from changing hands with the sticks you have to more complex activities
such as changing sticks coming from behind and having to be caught whilst moving.
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae. Compiled by Lysandra Stuart. Sir Keith Park School
Marae Resources:
http://history-nz.org/maori5.html
http://www.korero.maori.nz/forlearners/protocols/marae.html
http://www.maraeonline.co.nz
http://www.welcome2manukau.com/tourism/product/?product=airportmarae
http://www.airportmarae.co.nz
http://www.aucklandairport.co.nz/Social-Responsibility/Marae.aspx
http://www.maori.org.nz/tikanga
http://www.tki.org.nz/r/literacy_numeracy/professional/teachers_notes/r
eady_to_read/tchr_notes/at_the_marae_e.php
Marae Meeting Places By Indira Neville- Curriculum Concepts
Te Reo Kori Introduction Activities- PE Advisers Hamilton
Reinforcement Activities Maori Language by Anna Carlisle
Te Kawa O Te Marae- A guide for all Marae visitors By Wena Harawira
Te Marae By Hiwi Tauroa
At the Marae By Marion Rego and Phillip Paea
The Marae By Warren Pohatu
Nga Moteatea By Apirana Ngata
Te Marae- A Guide to Customs and Protocols By H and P Tauroa
He Tikanga Marae
Tikanga Whakaaro- Key concepts in Maori Culture By C Barlow
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae. Compiled by Lysandra Stuart. Sir Keith Park School
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae. Compiled by Lysandra Stuart. Sir Keith Park School
Te Pou Te Pou
Te pou, te pou
Te tokotoko I whenuku
Te tokotoko I wherangi
Tokia, tukia
Ko te mumu ko te awha
Ko te mumu ko te awha
Ko te manihi kaiota
Takiri panapana
Ka rau I runga
Ka rau I raro
Ka whai tamore I runga
Ka whai tamore I raro
Tena ko te pou
Tena ko te pou
Te pou o rongo
No rongo Mauri ora
Ka oa e ee
Te Manukanuka O Hoturoa Marae. Compiled by Lysandra Stuart. Sir Keith Park School
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