Chapter 2 Table of Contents PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES Cleats Pedal to Crank

PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
Chapter 2 Table of Contents
Pedal to Crank
CHAPTER 2
Cleats
Ball Sizes
2-2
3-Bolt Look Pattern
2-4
Thread Sizes and Markings
2-2
4-Bolt Time Pattern
2-5
Toe Clip Bolt to Pedal
2-2
Speedplay 3-Bolt & 4-Bolt
2-6
2-Bolt SPD & SPD-R Patterns
2-7
Shoe Drilling
Sole to Cleat Patterns
2-3
Clipless Pedals
Pedal to Cleat Combinations
2-8–2-10
Shoes
MTB Shoe to Cleat Drilling
2-11–2-12
Road Shoe to Cleat Drilling
2-12–2-14
Shoe Sizing
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
European Shoe Sizes
2-15
Shoe Size Conversion Chart
2-15
How to Use the Conversion Chart
2-15
2-1
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
CHAPTER 2
Pedal to Crank
BALL SIZES
Most with loose balls have ten to fifteen 5⁄32" balls per side or 1⁄8" balls. For pedals using cartridge
bearings refer to page X-X to identify replacements.
THREAD SIZES AND MARKINGS
Size
Right pedal (marking)
9⁄16" x 20 TPI
½" x 20 TPI
Left pedal (marking)
Primary use
Standard
Right-handed thread (R*) Left-handed thread (L*)
3-piece alloy cranks
ISO†
Right-handed thread (R)
Left-handed thread (L)
1-piece steel cranks
ISO†
Right-handed thread (D)
Left-handed thread (G)
Pre ’80’s French
French
Obsolete size
M14 x 1.25‡
* French made 9⁄16" x 20 pedals can be marked D/R for right and G/L for left.
† See Appendix for more details on ISO standards.
‡ French cranks can easily be tapped to 9⁄16" x 20 TPI. Pedals and cranks on high end components were marked 14x1.25 or M14 (Japanese).
When retapping pedal threads, start from the back of the crank arm.
TOE CLIP BOLT TO PEDAL
M5 x 0.8
Italian pedals
and cranks are
now ISO. They
used to be
called Italian
standard which
for all practical
purposes is the
same as ISO
standard.
2-2
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
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PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
Shoe Drilling
CHAPTER 2
SHOE TO CLEAT PATTERNS
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3-BOLT LOOK
PATTERN
2-BOLT SPD-R
PATTERN
M5 x 0.8
M5 x 0.8
M5 x 0.8
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16 mm
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32.5 mm
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2-BOLT SPD
PATTERN
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38.1 mm
Some shoes, such
Look, Speedplay, SPD-SL,
Campagnolo, etc.
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as certain Time
models, come with
removeable plates
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(inserts) to achieve
A
4-BOLT TIME
PATTERN
M4 x 0.7
Various shoes have provisions
B
terns. Shown here
is the Time 4-bolt
B
for multiple patterns built into
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18 mm
sole insert.
the sole without the need for
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A
C
A
example the sole accommodates
three common patterns:
A
3-bolt pattern: Look, SPD-SL,
Campagnolo, Speedplay, etc.
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the various pat-
C
B
2-bolt SPD pattern
C
2-bolt SPD-R pattern
Note: in addition to the hole
pattern, the curvature of cleats
and soles may be considered.
Supplied shims can be added
24 mm
or deleted with cleats such
as Speedplay to better match
the shape of the sole.
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
2-3
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
CHAPTER 2
Cleats
3-BOLT LOOK PATTERN
3-BOLT LOOK
PATTERN
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M5 x 0.8
m m
8m m
33. ut 35
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to
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38.1 mm
Look, Speedplay, SPD-L,
Campagnolo, etc.
Look-type cleats
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Note: Campagnolo Pro Fit are not interchangeable except for
the sole drilling.
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Shimano SPD-L cleats: 3-bolt pattern
2-4
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Sutherland’s 7th Edition
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Cleats
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PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
(continued)
CHAPTER 2
4-BOLT TIME PATTERN
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Time Equipe cleat, 4-bolt pattern
Time Impact Café cleat: 3-bolt pattern
with secondary 4-bolt pattern
4-BOLT TIME
PATTERN
M5 x 0.8
18 mm
55.5 mm
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24 mm
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
2-5
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
CHAPTER 2
Cleats
(continued)
SPEEDPLAY 3-BOLT & 4-BOLT
Speedplay cleat base plate: 3- and 4-bolt pattern
When the
Speedplay
cleat is used
with a 4-hole
pattern shoe,
the base plate
(the one with
the three slots)
is not used and
instead the
spring housing
and alloy plate
attach directly
to the sole.
Speedplay X-Series
2-6
Speedplay Zero
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
(continued)
2-BOLT SPD & SPD-R PATTERN CLEATS
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SPD cleat
2-bolt horizontal bolt pattern
SPD-R cleat
2-bolt vertical bolt pattern
There are many cleats, often with subtle
differences, using this bolt pattern, either
from Shimano or other companies. Take
note that these need to be matched to
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compatible pedals.
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2-BOLT SPD-R PATTERN
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M5 x 0.8
2-BOLT SPD PATTERN
M5 x 0.8
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CHAPTER 2
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32.5 mm
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Cleats
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
16 mm
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2-7
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
CHAPTER 2
Clipless Pedals
PEDAL TO CLEAT COMBINATIONS
Pedal
brand
Bolt
pattern
Pedal model
Cleat and degree of float
Bebop
2-bolt SPD
All models
Bebop; 20°
Campagnolo
3-bolt Look
PD02-CE
PD01-CH
PD01-DA
PD00-RE
PD-32VLQR
Crank
Brothers
2-bolt SPD
Egg Beater
(all models)
Egg Beater; 6°
Exus
2-bolt SPD
E-M1
VP-C01
Keywin
3-bolt Look
Road
Keywin; 6 º
Koski
2-bolt SPD
Revolver Pro
Koski; 5°
Look
3-bolt Look
CX7 Ti
CX7
A3.1
PP357
PP206
Red Arc; 9°
or Black, fixed cleat
CX6 Ti
CX6
PP396
A5.1
Fixed Black or Free Arc Red
(4 settings on pedal; 0°, 3°, 6 °, and 9 ° )
2-bolt SPD
4x4
Arc; 6 °
M2Racer
2-bolt SPD
Orb
Orb; 10 ° free float, 30 ° self-centering float
Ritchey
2-bolt SPD
V.2 MTB and Road
Ritchey; 5 ° and V2 Comp, Pro MTB, Pro Road
2-bolt SPD
V.3 MTB*
Ritchey; 4°
2-bolt SPD-R
Pro V3 Road†
Ritchey; 6°
2-bolt SPD
V4 Road or MTB
Ritchey; 5 ° ‡
PD00-CH
PD00-DA
PD-52REQR
PD01-RE
Pro-fit Plus PD-RE021(black); 0 °
and Pro-fit Plus PD-RE020 (gray); 4°
* Licenced and compatiable with Shimano SPD.
† Licenced and compatiable with SPD-R.
‡ Provisional information, Ritchey has not released final specification as of 4-20-04.
2-8
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
Clipless Pedals
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
(continued)
CHAPTER 2
PEDAL TO CLEAT COMBINATIONS (continued)
Pedal
brand
Bolt
pattern
Pedal model
Cleat and degree of float
Shimano
3-bolt Look
(SPD-SL)
PD-7800
PD-R600
PD-7750
SM-SH10; 0°
SM-SH11; 3°
2-bolt SPD-R
PD-7701
PD-7700
SM-SH82; 10°
SM-SH90; 0°
SM-SH91; 6°
SM-SH92; 10°
PD-6601
PD-6600
PD-5500
PD-R535
SM-SH90; 0°
SM-SH91; 6°
SM-SH92; 10°
PD-7410
PD-6500
SM-SH70; 0°
SM-SH71; 8°
PD-M959
PD-M540
PD-M520
SM-SH51; 4°
PD-M858
SM-SH52; 6°
2-bolt SPD
PD-M646
PD-M536
PD-M424
PD-M323
PD-M545
Speedplay
PD-M515
PD-M505
PD-M324
PD-A515
SM-SH51; 4°
SM-SH52; 6°
SM-SH55; 0° multi-release
(will also fit SM-SH70/71 w/o pontoons,
except PD-M323 which will also fit
SM-SH71 w/o pontoons)
4-bolt Time
(3-bolt Look
using adapter)
Zero
Zero-Series; 0-15° adjustable
X
X-Series, free floating
(28° heel-out release angle)
2-bolt SPD
Frog
Frog, free floating
(20° heel-out release angle)
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
2-9
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
CHAPTER 2
Clipless Pedals
(continued)
PEDAL TO CLEAT COMBINATIONS (continued)
Pedal
brand
Bolt
pattern
Pedal model
Cleat & degree of float
Time
4-bolt Time
TBT
Equipe Pro; ±5° float, also
±5 mm lateral float
2-bolt SPD
3-bolt Look
Mid
black; 5°
red; 0°
2-bolt SPD
ATAC/Cyclo
ATAC; ±5° float, also ±3 mm lateral float;
ATAC with 13° or 17° release angle
depending upon shoe mounting
3-bolt Look
4-bolt Time
Impact
Impact Café; ±5° float, also 2.5-5 mm
lateral float; ATAC with 13° or 17° release
angle depending upon shoe mounting
2-bolt SPD
VP-101
VP-104
VP-161
VP-M31
3-bolt Look
VP-R70
VP-ARC1; 9°; VP-BLK1; 0° (Look compatible)
3-bolt Look
MG-9
WPD-R1
WPD-R3
RC-1 (red); 6°
RC-2 (black); 3°
2-bolt SPD
WPD-813
WPD-95B
MG-17
WPD-800
WPD-804
WPD-D2-2
Victor
Wellgo
2-bolt SPD-R
WTB
2-10
2-bolt SPD
VP-102
VP-131
VP-M11
VP-D73
WPD-823
MG-10
MG-8
WPD-801
WPD-95B
VP-C01,
VP-C02 (multiple release)
98A; 4° marketed as compatible
with Shimano cleat SM-SH51; 4°
WAM-M3
99A; 4°
WAM-M7
WPD-M8
WPD-D5
M7A; 4°
WPD-M5
RC-4; 4°
WAM-R2
WAM-R4
RC-3; 4° (fits Look or SPD-R pattern),
RC-4; 4°
Stealth MP250
WTB-003; 5-15°
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
Shoes
CHAPTER 2
MTB SHOE TO CLEAT DRILLING
Shoe brand
Models
Cleat drilling
Adidas
All models
2-hole SPD
Airwalk
All models
2-hole SPD
Answer
All models
2-hole SPD
AXO
All models
2-hole SPD
Cannondale
All models
2-hole SPD
Carnac
MPS3
2-hole SPD
No adapter needed for SPD
adapter needed for Time ATAC
UCS2
UCS4
2-hole SPD
Separate adapters needed for
SPD, Time ATAC, Speedplay
Diadora
All models
2-hole SPD
Exus
All models
2-hole SPD
Duegi
All models
2-hole SPD
Gaerne
All models
2-hole SPD
Intense
All models
2-hole SPD
John Luck
All models
2-hole SPD
Lake
All models
2-hole SPD
Look
All models
2-hole SPD
Louis Garneau
All models
2-hole SPD
Nashbar
All models
2-hole SPD
Nike
All models
2-hole SPD
Northwave
All models
2-hole SPD
Pearl Izumi
All models
2-hole SPD
Performance
All models
2-hole SPD
Rocket 7
All models
2-hole SPD
Scott
All models
2-hole SPD
Shimano
All models
2-hole SPD
SixSixOne
All models
2-hole SPD
Sidi
All models
2-hole SPD
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
Notes
2-11
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
CHAPTER 2
Shoes
(continued)
MTB SHOE TO CLEAT DRILLING (continued)
Shoe brand
Models
Cleat drilling
Notes
Specialized
All models
2-hole SPD
Speedplay
Speedplay cleats require slight modification on Sport, Comp and Pro models.
Time
All models
2-hole SPD
Vans
All models
2-hole SPD
Vittoria
All models
2-hole SPD
Wellgo
All models
2-hole SPD
ROAD SHOE TO CLEAT DRILLING
Shoe brand
Models
Cleat drilling
Notes
Adidas
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Time TBT drilling optional on
Frosco model
AXO
All models
2-hole SPD
3-hole Look
Carnac
UCS1 sole
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Separate adapters needed for
each system
UCS3 sole
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Time TBT
Speedplay
BeBop
Separate adapters needed for
each system
UCS6 sole
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
Time ATAC
Speedplay
Separate adapters needed for
each system
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Time TBT
Podio
Separate adapters needed for
each system
(Look and SPD on one adapter)
DMT
2-12
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
Shoes
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
(continued)
CHAPTER 2
ROAD SHOE TO CLEAT DRILLING (continued)
Shoe brand
Models
Cleat drilling
Diadora
Road (standard)
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Road (carbon)
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Duegi
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Time TBT
Speedplay
Gaerne
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
John Luck
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Lake
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Look
Carbon sole
models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Polyamide
sole models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Time TBT
Louis Garneau
All models
2-hole SPD
3-hole Look
Nashbar
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Nike
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Northwave
All models
except Solo
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Time TBT
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
Notes
Separate adapters needed for
each system
Separate adapters needed for
each system
Separate adapters needed for each
system (SPD and SPD-R on one adapter)
2-13
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
CHAPTER 2
Shoes
(continued)
ROAD SHOE TO CLEAT DRILLING (continued)
2-14
Shoe brand
Models
Cleat drilling
Northwave
Solo
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Pearl Izumi
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Performance
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Rocket 7
All models
2-hole SPD
3-hole Look
Time TBT
Speedplay
Shimano
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Sidi
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Time TBT
Specialized
All models
except Pro
2-hole SPD
3-hole Look
Pro
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Time
All models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
Time TBT
Speedplay
Vittoria
Composite
& nylon sole
models
2-hole SPD
3-hole Look
Full carbon
sole models
2-hole SPD
2-hole SPD-R
3-hole Look
TBT sole models
Time TBT
Notes
Custom sole for each pedal system–
no adapters
Separate adapters needed for
each system
Separate adapters:
Time TBT; Speedplay, Look;
SPD; SPD-R
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
Shoe Sizes
CHAPTER 2
EUROPEAN SHOE SIZES
The shoe sizing systems are different between
the USA, Europe and UK. Furthermore, the
measuring systems, units of measurements and
interpretation of the standards differ even for
individual manufacturers. It is nearly impossible to find an exactly corresponding size in
another system. In many cases the size ranges
overlap. Our chart shows the systems as a series
of size bands which, placed side by side, give a
framework for conversion. Use the chart to focus
the potential match to the one or two best possibilities, thereby reducing the time and expense
of shoe fitting.
A conversion system can get you close, but no
further. To achieve a good fit, there is no substitute
for actually trying on the shoe.
SHOE SIZE CONVERSION CHART
8"
9"
10"
11"
12"
USA
Ladies
L4
L5
L6
L7
L8
L9
L10 L11 L12 L13 L14
USA
Men
M3
M4
M5
M6
M7
M8
M9 M10 M11 M12 M13 M14
European
Adult
35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
UK
Adult
2
21 cm
22 cm
3
4
23 cm
5
24 cm
6
25 cm
7
26 cm
8
27 cm
9
10
28 cm
11
29 cm
12
30 cm
13
31 cm
To achieve
a good fit,
there is no
substitute
for actually
trying on
the shoe.
Notes
Each box in the chart represents a size band. USA half-sizes are shown as shaded gray on the right side; European and UK half-sizes (i.e. European
35.5, 36.5; UK 2.5, 3.5, etc.) are not shown to avoid crowding the picture.
Length is defined as heel to toes overall length of the foot. Inches/cm scale is assumed to extend to the left for full measure of foot.
Heel to ball length and width are other equally important elements in finding proper shoe fit.
Men’s vs Ladies’: Sometimes elsewhere you may see US ladies’ and men’s sizes listed as 1½ numbers apart for the same actual length, due to
differing conventions coming from historical factors. Bear that in mind, as it may be necessary to downsize ladies’ indicated sizes an additional ½
size when reading to the Euro line (i.e. L7 should be read as L6.5, etc. Conversion conventions between US ladies’ and men’s sizes is not exact–another
example of the difficulty of translating across systems, and the absolute need to try on shoes.
HOW TO USE THE CONVERSION CHART
E x a m p l e 1 John wears an American men’s
E x a m p l e 2 Mary wears an American ladies’
size 10 athletic shoe, and a size 9½ dress oxford
with thinner socks. Considering the thin cycling
socks he will wear, the shop looks at the conversion chart, mentally extends a line down from
the boundary between 9 and 10 (the smaller
end of John’s 9½–10 size range) and suggests
size 7½. Though the chart shows this exactly
above a men’s size 6, corresponding to a European size 39, women’s shoes are often labeled
smaller than the size might indicate relative to
a man’s shoe, so the shop suggests Mary try on
a European size 40 first.
he try on a European size 43 first.
Sutherland’s 7th Edition
2-15
PEDALS, CLEATS & SHOES
CHAPTER 2
2-16
Notes
Sutherland’s 7th Edition