2012 Summer Music & Arts Day Camp Art Curriculum

2012 Summer Music & Arts Day Camp
Art Curriculum
The contents of this packet are for single purpose, educational use only.
Lawrence Stephen Lowry 1887-1976
British Painter.
L S Lowry is best known for his "matchstick men and women", paintings of people in the industrial towns
of the north of England. He grew up in Stretford, now a suburb of Manchester, and most of his work
portrays desolate urban landscapes peopled by anonymous figures. Lawrence Stephen Lowry was born
in Old Trafford, Manchester (UK), on November 1st, 1887. L.S. Lowry is unquestionably one of the most
celebrated British artists and his unique contribution to recording the period, culture and landscape of
the industrial north is without parallel. His work is a most distinctive and comprehensive record of the
pre- and post-World War II northern industrial town. Many people associate Lowry with "Matchstick
men" which became virtually his trademark.
“Matchstalk Man and Matchstalk Cats and Dogs” by Brian & Michael was a tribute song to LS Lowry.
Click here to hear the song with a slideshow of Lowry’s paintings.
Or Copy and Paste this link into your browser: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnRX6_Txpaw
Barbara Hepworth
Barbara Hepworth (1903-75) was one of Britain's most important twentieth century artists and
probably the most famous female sculptor. She achieved worldwide success at a time when it was
very unusual for a woman to be a sculptor. She is perhaps most famous for her abstract sculptures
of pierced forms. Her work can be found all over the world for example, The Family of Man (Nine
Figures on a Hill), 1970, Yorkshire Sculpture Park, Winged Figure, 1963, John Lewis’ Oxford Street,
London and Single Form, 1962-3, United Nations Plaza, New York.
Key themes in Hepworth’s work
The Human Figure
Hepworth’s early work is dominated by sculptures of the human figure, seated or standing.
She drew and painted the life model throughout her life.
She transformed/abstracted/simplified the figure into vertical shapes that were more about mass, surface,
line and balance.
The landscape
Many of Hepworth’s sculptures explore the forms and shapes of the landscape. She was inspired by the
landscape of her childhood, West Yorkshire and West Penwith in Cornwall. She was interested in the history
of the landscape and her sculptures relate to ancient stones and shapes within the landscape. She was
interested in expressing the physical experience of being in the landscape – for example, the push and pull of
the wind, the changing shapes and contours as you walk or the varieties of textures and patterning on rocks
and vegetation. She preferred her work to be shown outdoors. She said sculptures need natural light and air
‘to breathe and grow’.
Maternal forms
Many of her early works are based on the theme of mother and child and clearly relate to her own experience
of motherhood. She explores the tender relationship between one living thing beside another. Her later
carvings explore a more generalized view of maternity. They contain ideas of nurture, enclosure and suggest
shapes such as a womb or seed pod as symbols of renewal and protection.
Inside and outside
Hepworth said there is an inside and an outside to every form. Many of her sculpture explore both solid shape
and open space. She carved into and through her sculptures to explore both the inside and the outside. She
liked to pierce, tunnel and hollow out her forms.
Space and abstraction
Hepworth explored abstract ideas about color, line, shape, form, balance and depth in both her paintings and
sculptures. She liked to combine geometric shape with more organic forms. She explored different materials
and textures to draw attention to relationships between forms, surfaces and subject.
Stonehenge
The Bluestones
About 2,000 BC, the first stone circle (which is now the inner circle), comprised of small bluestones, was
set up, but abandoned before completion. The stones used in that first circle are believed to be from the
Prescelly Mountains, located roughly 240 miles away, at the southwestern tip of Wales. The bluestones
weigh up to 4 tons each and about 80 stones were used, in all. Given the distance they had to travel, this
presented quite a transportation problem.
Modern theories speculate that the stones were dragged by roller and sledge from the inland mountains
to the headwaters of Milford Haven. There they were loaded onto rafts, barges or boats and sailed along
the south coast of Wales, then up the Rivers Avon and Frome to a point near present-day Frome in
Somerset. From this point, so the theory goes, the stones were hauled overland, again, to a place near
Warminster in Wiltshire, approximately 6 miles away. From there, it's back into the pool for a slow float
down the River Wylye to Salisbury, then up the Salisbury Avon to West Amesbury, leaving only a short 2
mile drag from West Amesbury to the Stonehenge site.
Construction of the Outer Ring
The giant sarsen stones (which form the outer circle), weigh as much as 50 tons each. To transport them
from the Marlborough Downs, roughly 20 miles to the north, is a problem of even greater magnitude
than that of moving the bluestones. Most of the way, the going is relatively easy, but at the steepest
part of the route, at Redhorn Hill, modern work studies estimate that at least 600 men would have been
needed just to get each stone past this obstacle.
Once on site, a sarsen stone was prepared to accommodate stone lintels along its top surface. It was
then dragged until the end was over the opening of the hole. Great levers were inserted under the stone
and it was raised until gravity made it slide into the hole. At this point, the stone stood on about a 30°
angle from the ground. Ropes were attached to the top and teams of men pulled from the other side to
raise it into the full upright position. It was secured by filling the hole at its base with small, round
packing stones. At this point, the lintels were lowered into place and secured vertically by mortice and
tenon joints and horizontally by tongue and groove joints. Stonehenge was probably finally completed
around 1500 BC.
Who Built Stonehenge?
The question of who built Stonehenge is largely unanswered, even today. The monument's construction
has been attributed to many ancient peoples throughout the years, but the most captivating and
enduring attribution has been to the Druids. This erroneous connection was first made around 3
centuries ago by the antiquary, John Aubrey. Julius Caesar and other Roman writers told of a Celtic
priesthood who flourished around the time of their first conquest (55 BC). By this time, though, the
stones had been standing for 2,000 years, and were, perhaps, already in a ruined condition. Besides, the
Druids worshipped in forest temples and had no need for stone structures.
The best guess seems to be that the Stonehenge site was begun by the people of the late Neolithic
period (around 3000 BC) and carried forward by people from a new economy which was arising at this
time. These "new" people, called Beaker Folk because of their use of pottery drinking vessels, began to
use metal implements and to live in a more communal fashion than their ancestors. Some think that
they may have been immigrants from the continent, but that contention is not supported by
archaeological evidence. It is likely that they were indigenous people doing the same old things in new
ways.
1 minute animation shows the 4500 years behind Stonehenge: BBC: History of Stonehenge (video)
Copy and paste into your browser: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/7322444.stm
Miniature Stonehenge
Construct a miniature Stonehenge using real rocks or make
your own stones out of self-hardening dough or clay.
Materials
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Make your own stones out of
self-hardening clay
Acrylic paint or poster paint
White glue or hot glue gun
Clear acrylic sealer or decoupage
medium (optional)
Color your clay or dough by adding a bit of black acrylic paint or poster paint. Add a tinge of blue
if you like. Knead until the dough or clay is uniformly colored.
Take a small chunk of dough and mold it with your fingers into a vertical block. The
Stonehenge's vertical stones are called liths. A single upright stone is
also known as a monolith.
Press its base against the table to allow it to stand firmly on its own.
Slightly flatten the top as well - this will make it easier to put a
horizontal stone on top.
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Make more monoliths of approximately the same height and arrange
them in a circle to define the Stonehenge's round shape.
 Shape the dough into slightly thinner blocks to make the horizontal
stones called lintels. Each lintel connects two liths to make a trilith or trilithon - a structure
consisting of 2 vertical stones supporting a third horizontal stone on top.
Permanently attach the horizontal stones to the vertical stones using white glue.
Continue making more horizontal stones of similar length and glue them on top of the vertical
stones.
Once you have put in all the horizontal stones in place, allow your miniature Stonehenge to air
dry. When your miniature sculpture has completely dried, you can waterproof your work by
applying 2 to 3 coats of clear acrylic sealer or decoupage medium (e.g. Mod Podge). Allow each
coat to dry before applying the next one.
Castles in the British Isles
Map of Castles in the British Isles: http://www.castlesandmanorhouses.com/map.php?C=BI
Where would we find the biggest castle in England? Windsor Castle. It’s the Queen’s favorite castle and
the largest and oldest occupied in the world.
Why were castles built in England? Castles were built to protect the people who lived in them. They
were often built on hilltops or surrounded by water to make them easier to defend.
How many castles are there in England? There are more than 1,400 castles in England
The Tower of London
The notorious Tower of London is one of the most recognizable structures of the city. Its central White
Tower was one of William the Conqueror's first fortresses built to assert his authority over the city's
population. Further expansion projects through the fourteenth century created the sprawling, walled
fortress we see today. The bloody history of the Tower is legendary; it's a stronghold more renowned as
a prison than a palace. The murders and executions that occurred over the centuries have given it a
grisly reputation, but the Tower has also in its history served as home to the Royal Mint, Office of
Ordnance, Records Office, and the repository of the Crown Jewels. The Tower first became a major
tourist attraction during the Victorian era, although it briefly returned to use as a state prison during
both World Wars. Today, the Tower of London is a World Heritage Site that annually receives over
2,000,000 visitors.
http://www.hrp.org.uk/TowerOfLondon/
Warwick Castle
Warwick Castle has loomed over the river Avon on its sandstone precipice since the eleventh century. It
first served as a defense against Danish invasion. The castle is the ancestral home to the Earls of
Warwick; the Beaumont, Beauchamp, and Greville families are the most prominent in the castle's rich
but turbulent history. After the castle fell into disrepair in the seventeenth century, subsequent
generations of owners performed extensive landscaping and renovations, including repairs from an
1871 fire that gutted the Great Hall. Today, Warwick is recognized as one of the most well-preserved
castles in England and perennially makes the list of top tourist attractions in Britain.
http://www.warwick-castle.co.uk
Caernarfon Castle
Following his conquest of Wales in 1283, King Edward I began a series of castles meant to impose his will
upon the independent-minded principality. Caernarfon was selected for its commanding position at the
juncture of the River Seiont and the Menai Strait. Although it took four decades and an exorbitant
£22,000 to build, the castle was never completely finished. Even so, it is an architectural masterpiece
of castle design, inspired in part by the city of Constantinople. Edward's son was born in Caernarfon,
where he was the first English crown prince to be invested as Prince of Wales. It is a World Heritage Site
and home to the Royal Welch Fusiliers museum.
http://www.cadw.wales.gov.uk/default.asp?id=6&PlaceID=19
Edinburgh Castle
Edinburgh Castle towers above the city below, perched atop its basalt crag. The castle has been a
symbol of Scottish royalty since the eleventh century. As such, it has also borne the brunt of many
assaults over its history. Much of the current structure dates to rebuilding efforts of the 1500s, although
the site houses St. Margaret's Chapel, which dates from the twelfth century, making it the oldest
building of any kind in Edinburgh. Scotland's most prized national treasures are kept at the castle,
including the Stone of Scone (returned from England in 1996), upon which Scottish monarchs were
crowned. With over a million visitors each year, it's one of Scotland's top tourist attractions.
http://www.edinburghcastle.biz
Dover Castle
Hovering above the White Cliffs, Dover Castle has been the site of fortifications since Anglo-Saxon times.
As with many English castles, it was refurbished and expanded as part of William the Conqueror's reign.
The castle standing today is largely the rebuilding effort of Henry II in the twelfth century. The site's
location on the English Channel made it a strategic point of defense well into the twentieth century. In
addition to the castle structure, the cliffs hide a complex series of tunnels built originally as barracks
during the Napoleonic Wars. Those tunnels would later be commandeered and refurbished as a military
command post during World War II; it was from here that the British directed the evacuation of Dunkirk.
Now owned by the cultural agency English Heritage, the castle grounds and tunnels are major
attractions of southeast England.
http://www.english-heritage.org.uk/server/show/nav.14571
Cahir Castle
Cahir is widely acknowledged as one of the largest, best preserved castles in all of Ireland. Originally
built on a rocky isle in the middle of the river Suir, the castle controlled the river's boat traffic between
Limerick and Waterford. Despite a 10-day artillery siege in 1599 and a couple of centuries of disrepair,
much of the castle remains not only intact but in surprisingly good shape. Cahir remained in the nearly
uninterrupted possession of its ancestral Butler clan until 1961, when it became the property of the
state. While less famous than Blarney Castle to the south, Cahir is arguably more impressive and still a
top Irish tourist destination in its own right.
http://www.heritageireland.ie/en/South-East/CahirCastle/
Windsor Castle
Windsor originated nine centuries ago as a wooden palisade fortifying a plateau that overlooked the
Thames. It was part of the building program of William the Conqueror to maintain control over the
Anglo-Saxon populace. Later kings rebuilt it in stone in the 1100s, and practically the entire structure
was demolished and redone in the 1300s by Edward III. Further extensive restoration work occurred in
the reign of George IV. The castle stands today as both the largest occupied castle and oldest royal
residence in the world. It is the principal weekend residence of Queen Elizabeth. In addition to the
magnificent fortifications, Windsor is the home to St. George's Chapel, one of the finest examples of
medieval churches in the land. The chapel, which is home to the Knights of the Garter, contains the
tomb of Henry VIII and nine other English monarchs.
http://www.royalcollection.org.uk/default.asp?action=article&ID=34
Castle Craft
This can be done as a group project with small groups of 2-4
campers.
You will need:
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4 cardboard tubes
Small box
Grey paint
Black pen
Glue
Cut any flaps off the box. Cut the tubes to size so that they are a
couple of inches taller than the box. Glue one tube into each corner
and leave to dry.
Paint the castle with the grey paint, then leave to dry.
With the black pen draw turrets around the top of the castle. Older children may prefer to cut the
turrets out. Draw on windows, doors and stone work. You can also cut around the door so that it opens
and closes. Be as creative as you want! Add flags, draw bridges, guards, etc.
Stained Glass
As a material stained glass is glass that has been colored by adding metallic salts during its manufacture.
The colored glass is crafted into stained glass windows in which small pieces of glass are arranged to
form patterns or pictures, held together (traditionally) by strips of lead and supported by a rigid frame.
Materials That You’ll Need
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colored construction paper
several colors of tissue paper
clear or opaque contact paper
safety scissors
The contact paper has adhesive on one side, eliminating the need to use glue and enabling you to place
the finished creations on the window without having to use tape or any additional material.
Preparing Materials
Construction Paper Shape
Determine what you would like your stained glass object to be. It can be something simple, like a
geometric shape, or something more complex, like a sun, flower or butterfly, rocket ship or animal for
example. Draw your shape onto the construction paper. Remember, the center area is where the faux
stained glass will be. So whatever shape your object takes, it must be hollow.
Prepare Tissue Paper
Cut up several sheets of different colored tissue paper. They can be cut into small squares, or any shape
or combination of shapes that you prefer. Place pieces in a bowl or on a paper plate so they don't
wander.
Creating Tissue Paper Stained Glass
1. Cut a section of contact paper large enough to place your construction paper shape on.
2. Remove the adhesive backing and place contact paper on the on the table, sticky side up.
3. Carefully place the construction paper shape on the contact paper then press gently over all
areas of the construction paper to ensure that it is firmly in place.
4. Fill in the center, clear section of your shape with tissue paper pieces using one color or a
combination of many. You’ll achieve the best results if your tissue paper pieces overlap, but are
not placed in such a thick layer that light cannot penetrate.
5. You may want to cut to the edges of the contact paper to more closely mirror your construction
paper shape, but be sure to leave some sticky edges so that your creation will adhere to the
window.
6. Carefully place your self-adhesive faux stained glass up in a window and apply some pressure
over the entire surface to ensure that it adheres.
King Arthur & Knights of the Round Table
The Round Table is King Arthur's famed table in the Arthurian legend,
around which he and his Knights congregate. As its name suggests, it has
no head, implying that everyone who sits there has equal status.
A knight is a person granted an honorary title of knighthood by a
monarch or other political leader for service to the monarch or country,
especially in a military capacity. Historically, in Europe, knighthood has
been conferred upon mounted warriors. During the High Middle Ages,
knighthood was considered a class of lower nobility. By the Late Middle
Ages, the rank had become associated with the ideals of chivalry, a code
of conduct for the perfect courtly Christian warrior. Knights of the medieval era were asked to "Protect
the weak, defenseless, helpless, and fight for the general welfare of all." Knights trained in hunting,
fighting, and riding, amongst other things. They were also trained to practice courteous, honorable
behavior, which was considered extremely important. Chivalry (derived from the French word chevalier
implying "skills to handle a horse") was the main principle guiding a knight’s life style. The code of
chivalry dealt with three main areas: the military, social life, and religion.
Knight Helmets
You will need:
Feather
Stapler (or glue)
Tape
2 paper fasteners
Instructions:
Cut 5 strips of silver card about 2 inches (5cm)) wide and long enough to reach around your head from
ear to ear. Arrange two of the strips so they sit at right angles and staple or glue together.
Bend the strips so that the other ends of each strip meet in the same way and staple
or glue together.
Attach the other three strips so they cover the hole in between the two original strips.
This is the back of your helmet.
Make
and
the mouthpiece by cutting a rectangle long enough to reach
around your face from ear to ear with an extra 2 inches (5cm)
about 4 inches (10cm) wide. Fold the rectangle in half and cut
triangle off the bottom to form a point in the center of the
rectangle.
Glue or staple to the back piece of the helmet.
To make a visor, cut a rectangle long enough to reach around your face from ear
to ear with an extra 2 inches (5cm) and about 4 inches (10cm) wide. Fold in half.
Curve the edges to form an oval shape.
Cut thin rectangles along the fold as viewing holes. Attach the visor to the
helmet with two paper fasteners.
Tape a feather to the top of the helmet.
Family Crests
Background
Discuss family crests. Then brainstorm with children to get ideas that could
represent their family histories or lives. Here are just a few of the many
possibilities:
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flags that represent the countries their families came from
pictures of foods that are common to their ethnicity
pictures that represent first or last names
drawings that depict favorite family events
photos that show family celebrations
What You Need
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A large piece of paper, at least 11"x14"
The pictures
Crayons, markers, a pencil
An outline of a shield
Glue (optional)
What to Do
1. On the large piece of paper, draw a shield or an outline of any shape (such as an oval).
2. Divide the shape into three or four equal sections.
3. In each section, draw a picture that represents one idea about your family. Some children may
prefer to cut out pictures from magazines or use a family photograph. Another alternative is to
use a computer, since this activity can be done easily with any drawing program.
4. Laminate the finished crests, if possible.
5. Have children share and compare their crest.
King and Queen Crowns
Materials:
Metallic or colored card
craft glue
beads, jewels or other decorations
scissors & craft knife
ruler
stapler
sticky-tape
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Draw your own King or Queen crown design. Use scissors to cut out the crown.
Lay your construction paper on a flat surface. You can use metallic paper for this project, or any
color of construction paper your child prefers. For a sturdier crown, use poster board or card
stock. Trace your crown template on the paper. If you have a half template, lift up the traced
side and flip it over, aligning it with the first half. Cut out your crown out with scissors.
Create a headband by cutting a strip of paper that fits all the way around your child's head.
Staple the ends together to complete the loop.
Use self-adhesive jewels to decorate your crown. These peel off of a sheet of paper like stickers
and can be placed anywhere on the crown. Help your child create colors and patterns with the
jewels, using the self-adhesive rhinestones as accents.
Staple your child's crown to the headband you created and place it on his head. You can also
glue it to the headband if you're concerned about the staples.
King and Queen Paper Cup Project
Take 2 cups and glue their bottoms together as seen in the illustrations above. Then cut out triangle 'M'
like shapes from the top of the top cup for the crown. Then cut out strips of paper for hair by cutting a
rectangle, long strip and then cutting down towards the bottom many times. Cut out arms by drawing a
long oval with 2 letter 'U' thumbs on both ends (seen in illustration above). Then cut this out.Glue the
hair and the arms to the cup figure. Then use paint or markers to draw eyes, nose, and mouth. Add
clothes with paint, fabric, or felt. Make both a Queen and a King and you have 2 toy figures to play with.
Robin Hood and his band of “merry men”
Robin Hood was a heroic outlaw in English folklore. A highly skilled archer and swordsman, he is known
for "robbing from the rich and giving to the poor”, assisted by a group of fellow outlaws known as his
"Merry Men". Traditionally, Robin Hood and his men are depicted wearing Lincoln green clothes. The
origin of the legend is claimed by some to have stemmed from actual outlaws, or from ballads or tales of
outlaws.
Make a Robin Hood Hat out of construction paper: Robin Hood Hat (video)
Robin Hood Hats
Make creative Robin Hood hats from paper plates.
What You'll Need:
Measuring tape
Pencil
Paper
Green felt
Scissors
Needle
Green thread
Feather
Small safety pin
Using the measuring tape, measure around your head and add one inch. On a piece of paper, draw a line
half as long as your measurement.
From the middle of your line, measure up nine inches, and make a dot. Draw a semicircle (half circle)
from the end of the line, through the top dot, to the end of the other side of the line. This half circle is
your hat pattern.
Stack two pieces of green felt, and pin your pattern to them. Cut along the pattern. Stitch or staple 1/2inch in from the edge -- only along the half circle.
Turn up a one-inch brim. Pin a feather to the side of your Robin Hood hat. Gather all your merry friends,
and head for Sherwood Forest.
Loch Ness and Nessie
Did you know the following facts about the Loch Ness Monster...
Where does Nessie live?
Scotland. He/she lives in the Scottish Lake, Loch Ness.
In which year was the first sighting of Nessie, according to stories?
565 (according to a legend)
According to the same stories, who was the person that rescued a man in the water who was being
attacked the by monster?
Saint Columba. He jumped into the water and ordered the monster to go away.
In 1965 there was a large investigation at the Loch. What strange method was used to lure Nessie?
Classical Music
What food was thrown into the Loch from a hot air balloon to try to catch a glimpse of Nessie?
Bacon
Environment:
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Location: Loch Ness is located in Northern Scotland, running southwest to northeast.
Size: It is 23 miles long and about 1 mile wide; it is 786 feet at its deepest point; it is the deepest
and one of the largest bodies of fresh water in Britain.
Occupants: The loch is home to Atlantic salmon, charr, eels, minnows, large pike, sticklebacks,
sturgeon, trout and various other fish. Seals and otters also live in Loch Ness, but are rarely
seen.
Description of the Monster:
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Shape: long neck; horse-like head; humped back (one or two humps).
Color: dark or elephant gray.
Weight: estimated 2,500 pounds.
Length: 15 to 40 feet.
Famous Sightings:
The Loch Ness Monster may have been sighted as early as the 6th century, but Nessie as we know it
today is largely a product of the 20th century.
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April, 1933 - Mrs. Aldie Mackay reports seeing a whale-like creature in the loch near Aldourie
Castle (where Nessie has been sighted on other occasions). The account was written up for the
Inverness Courier by water bailiff Alex Campbell and the excitement about a monster in the loch
was born.
July 22, 1933 - Mr. and Mrs. Spicer saw Nessie on land! While passing the loch on their way to
London from Northern Scotland, the couple saw the large creature crossing the road in front of
them. Mr. Spicer told the newspaper that it looked like a large prehistoric creature and was
carrying a small lamb or some other animal in its mouth. He described it as being about 25 feet
long with a long neck. He believed it disappeared into the loch.
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November, 1933 - The first photo of the alleged monster was taken by Hugh Gray.
1934 - Brother Richard Horan saw the neck and head protruding from the water at only 30 yards
away. He said it reached about 3-1/2 feet above the surface, and the creature was looking at
him.
1963 - Mr. Hugh Ayton claimed to have seen the creature from shore. He and three friends
jumped into a motor boat and followed it for about a mile. He said he could never forget its
large oval-shaped eye looking at him from its horse-like head.
1972 - A monk at the Fort Augustus Abbey, Father Gregory Brusey, was walking with an organist
when they both saw the neck and head of the creature protruding about 6 feet above the loch's
surface. They said it moved through the water, turned on its side and submerged.
Create your own Nessie
You will need:
2 colors of polymer clay
Instructions:
Simply roll a long sausage of clay and cut into 4 pieces. Make 2 semi circles and stand these on your
table. Shape one piece into a point for the tail and stand up.
Slightly flatten the end of the last piece so that it forms the head, and use the end of a paint brush to
make the eyes.
From the second color of clay make lots of small balls, flattening these slightly press them along the back
of Nessie to form spikes.
William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the
English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist. He is often called England's national poet and
the "Bard of Avon". His surviving works, including some collaborations, consist of about 38 plays, 154
sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems.
Make a Ruff
Materials:
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Three feet of adding machine paper (you can also cut regular
paper to about two inches wide and tape it together)
Thin ribbon (or string, or the tape from a now-redundant VHS)
A single-hole puncher
MAKE YOUR RUFF:
Fold the adding machine paper, accordion-style, about 2 inches per
fold. When folded, punch a hole in the middle of the paper. Thread ribbon through the hole. Then, wrap
ruff around your neck and tie ribbon at the back.
AN EVEN FANCIER RUFF:
Cut the lace edges off of rectangular doilies and glue the lace down the length of the tape. Make sure
glue is completely dry before folding and punching.
Invisible Ink: Write a secret message
To write with invisible ink, try the directions in a Folger manuscript from 1600:
Squeeze the juice out of a fresh lemon into a small bowl. Dip a quill pen or other pointed object into the
juice and write your message on plain paper with it. Let the paper dry. To read the message, (have an
adult) hold the paper near a flame (or any other source of heat, like a light bulb.) The message will
appear as if by magic!
Quill Pen
Make a quill pen from a bird feather -- it's surprising how well the quill pen writes, and how fun it is to
make.
You may find it hard to believe, but 200 years ago, quill pens were the most popular way to write.
Writing with a quill pen can be a little tricky, but you'll get the hang of it with a little practice
What You'll Need:
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Large feather
Soap
Water
Scissors
Pin
Ink
Step 1: Buy a feather at a crafts store. It should have a stout quill and be about 10 inches long.
Step 2: Soak the feather in warm soapy water for several minutes. Then rinse the feather and let it dry.
Step 3: Use scissors to trim off the bottom two inches of feather from both sides of the quill. Then cut
the end of the quill to a point.
Step 4: Use a straight pin to gently clean out the inside of the quill. Be very careful not to crack or break
the quill. Finally, ask an adult to cut a small slit in the point of the quill.
Step 5: To use your quill pen, dip the end in ink. The hollow quill will hold a little ink. Blot extra ink on a
piece of old newspaper before you write.
Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, The Witch, and the Wardrobe
The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is a fantasy novel for children by C. S. Lewis. Published in 1950, it
is the first-published book of The Chronicles of Narnia and is the best known book of the series. The
story begins in 1940 during World War II, when four siblings—Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy
Pevensie—are evacuated from London to escape the Blitz. They are sent to live with Professor Digory
Kirke, who lives in a country house in the English countryside. While the four children are exploring the
house, Lucy looks into a wardrobe and discovers a doorway to a magical world named Narnia.
Make your own Shield
This shield is simple to make from corrugated cardboard and some paint. This
example has coat of arms printed and glued to the shield but you could also paint
your design straight onto the shield.
Make your own magic rings to transport you to and from Narnia or other magic worlds, like Digory and
Polly in The Magician's Nephew. Store the rings carefully inside a small box and don't touch them unless
you are prepared for the consequences!
Magic Ring made from Gimp/Plastic String - Instructions
1) Measure and cut three pieces of 6-inch plastic strings in the colors that you want. Line the ends up
and tape all three down at one end to a tabletop with a piece of masking tape. Make sure the pieces lie
flat against each other.
2) Braid the plastic string into a simple braid and make sure you keep the plastic strings flat so that the
band of the ring will be evenly braided and comfortable. When you have about two inches braided, hold
your finger down against the braid and wrap it around to see if it will fit your finger. Unravel the braid
slightly or braid some more to adjust the size.
3) Hold the end of the braid between your fingers with one hand and pull the tape up from the table
carefully. Grab the taped end so that it doesn't unravel. Hold the two loose ends together so that the
ends of the braid line up. Secure the ends with a tiny, 1/4-inch clear rubber band. Now you should have
a braided loop with the loose ends sticking out from the rubber band.
4) Slip a pony bead onto the loose ends and keep pinching the loose ends so the braid doesn't unravel.
Slide the pony bead down to the top of the clear rubber band. Tie an overhand knot with the group of
plastic strings right above the bead to hold it in place. Tie it as tight as you can.
5) Cut the loose ends of the strings a little less than 1/8 of an inch from the knot you just made. Dab the
loose ends at the top of the knot with a tiny amount of hot glue to make sure the knot doesn't unravel.
Wait about 15 minutes to be sure the glue has cooled before wearing your plastic string ring.
Dragons
The dragon is a legendary creature, which is prevalent to the mythic culture of many countries. Britain,
with its diverse history, has a tradition of dragons stemming from Saxon, Celtic and Norse influences, as
well as those from further afield.
Pull a Long Dragon Craft
Show kids how to create a pull-along dragon toy out of paper cups.
Supplies
Paper cups or yogurt cups
Construction paper or printable cardstock
Poster paint or acrylic paint
Paint brush
Crayons or oil pastels
Jingle bell
Beads
String
Glue gun
Hole punch
Scissors
Scotch tape
Pencil
Small coins
Instructions
Trim 4 paper cups to about 2 inches in height. You may also use yoghurt cups as an alternative.
Punch a pair of opposite holes along the middle portion of three of the cups.
Using the tip of a pencil, punch a small hole at the center of the fourth cup's bottom.
Paint the paper cups with your desired color of poster paint.
If the surface of your cups is glossy or waxy, use acrylic paint.
Use a dry brush to apply gold or silver paint streaks on each red cup.
Draw your own version of a dragon's head on construction paper. The head should be slightly bigger
than the paper cup's mouth. Color the dragon's head with crayons or oil pastels.
Cut out the dragon head.
Cut a long piece of string and make a knot on one end. String a jingle bell and 2 to 3 large beads through
the string.
Cut drinking straw into three 1-inch long pieces. String the three paper cups through the string, with a
drinking straw in between cups.
String the fourth cup through its bottom hole.
Make a knot on the string from the inside of the fourth cup. Cut the excess length of string.
Punch a hole on the top portion of the dragon's head.
Use glue gun to attach the dragon's head to the fourth cup's mouth.
Tape a small coin below each hole on the cup adjacent to the head. These coins will provide the weight
to stabilize your dragon as you pull it along.
Attach a long string through the hole on the dragon's head. Once the glue and paint are completely dry,
you can take your pull-along dragon toy for a walk.
Handprint Dragon
You will need:
Colored paper
Glue
Small white circle stickers
Black pen
Large sheet of paper
Draw around your hand 5 times on colored paper, and cut out. Glue the handprints in a line across your
large sheet of paper to form your dragon’s body, referring to the photo above for positioning. Stick on
the mane and the head. Add the tail and two legs. Stick on the two stickers as eyes and with the black
pen draw on the pupils, nostrils and teeth.
Instead of cutting around your child's hand onto coloured paper, make handprints with bright coloured
poster paint on white paper. When dry, cut out as before.
Harry Potter
Harry Potter Glasses Craft
The ends of these glasses can be very sharp! Please fold poky-out wires
back on themselves and wrap in tape before you put them on.
You will need:
5 black pipe cleaners
Instructions:
All you need to make your Harry Potter glasses are some black pipe cleaners and nimble fingers! Start by
twisting two round circles. Use a short piece of pipe cleaner to join them together in the middle - make
sure the finished result is the right size to fit over your nose!
Now join one pipe cleaner onto each side and bend the other end to fit over your ears. You might want
to double over the very end of the pipe cleaner so that it isn't too sharp.
Marauder's Map Craft
Harry Potter was given his Marauder's Map by Fred and George Weasley - and very useful it was, too, as
it allowed him to see every inch of Hogwarts and the position of everyone within it! You can make your
own with our Marauder's Map craft - it is bound to be very useful for all sorts of expeditions and
adventures...
Jack's wonderful Marauder's Map
You will need:
Paper
Black pen
Tea
Instructions:
Draw your map on the paper. When you are happy with it, fold your map as the picture shows.
Now decorate the front of the map.
Finally, rub cold tea over both sides of the paper and leave it to dry to get an 'aged' effect. Doesn't Jack's
Marauder's look great?
Paper Plate Golden Snitch
You will need:
Gold paper plate (or a white paper plate and gold paint)
White paper
Pen
Glue stick
Instructions:
If you need to paint your plate, paint it and leave it to dry.
Draw wings on white paper and cut them out. Glue them to the back of the plate. Your golden snitch is
ready!
Broomstick Bookmark
This cute broomstick bookmark can be left plain or
personalized with a name, initials or short message. Here
there are stick foam letters but of course you can use
stickers or write your message yourself.
You will need:
A wide popsicle stick (craft stick)
Brown craft foam
Cord or string
Sticky foam letters
Paint (optional)
Glue
Instructions:
Cut out from the craft foam a shape like the one below.
Cut nips in the wider end so they form the bristles of your broomstick.
Glue the foam to the craft stick so the bristles stick out over the end.
Tie a small piece of string around the narrowest part of the foam and
trim the ends.
Use foam letters or other methods to add a name to the broom
handle.
Winnie the Pooh
Winnie the Pooh, a.k.a. Pooh Bear, was born in 1926 when the English author Alan Alexander Milne
created the ursine honey lover and his friends — Tigger, Piglet, Eeyore, Owl, Rabbit, Kanga and Roo —
based on his son Christopher Robin's toy collection. Christopher had named his favorite teddy bear after
a Canadian black bear called Winnie (for Winnipeg, its birthplace) who resided at the London Zoo.
Milne's first Pooh adventure, Winnie-the-Pooh, was illustrated by E.H. Shepard and published in October
1926. Now We Are Six — a collection of poems and verses — hit the stands in 1927, and The House at
Pooh Corner arrived in 1928. The Pooh books became a firm favorite with kids everywhere and have
been translated into more than 50 languages. In 1988, Walt Disney Studios adapted the stories into a
series of animated feature films that spawned one of the most successful franchises of all time.
Pooh & Friends Paper Bag Puppets
By Miranda Becker
Pooh and his pals from the Hundred Acre Wood find fun
wherever they go. Craft your very own Pooh, Piglet, and Tigger
puppets from colorful paper bags and cardstock. Put on a
puppet show and create your own adventures for this silly old
bear.
You'll need:
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Character templates
3 paper bags (red, orange, pink)
Cardstock (golden yellow, dark pink, light pink, black,
orange, cream)
Scissors
Glue stick
Black marker
For Tigger:
2. Trace Tigger's template pieces onto the color cardstock specified. Cut out the
pieces.
3. Lay an orange paper bag on a flat surface with the bottom flap facing up. Glue the
jaw just under the flap.
4. Glue Tigger's head to the bottom flap.
5. Now glue the cream-colored snout and eye-patch onto Tigger's head. Glue the
pink nose in the center of Tigger's face, overlapping the snout and eye-patch.
6. Glue Tigger's mouth and tongue to his jaw.
7. Add details like eyes and stripes. Finally, glue on Tigger's expressive eyebrows.
For Pooh:
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Trace Pooh's template pieces onto the color cardstock specified. Cut out
the pieces.
Lay a red paper bag on a flat surface with the bottom flap facing up. Lift
the bottom flap and glue the jaw just underneath.
Glue Pooh's head onto the bottom flap.
Glue on details like Pooh's dark red mouth, pink tongue, and black
nose.
Add details like eyes and a smiling mouth with a black marker.
For Piglet:
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Trace Piglet's template pieces onto the color cardstock specified. Cut
out the pieces.
Glue the ears to the top of Piglet's head.
Lay a pink paper bag on a flat surface with the bottom flap facing up.
Lift the bottom flap and glue the jaw just underneath.
Glue Piglet's head, with ears attached, onto the bottom flap.
Glue on Piglet's pink snout and add details like eyes and eyebrows
using a black marker.
Paper Mache Balloons
The little red balloon is an important part of the Winnie the Pooh
stories. Combine one part flour to one part water and stir together
to make paper mache paste. Put the paste in several disposable
bowls. Have students tear strips out of newspapers and tissue
paper. Blow up enough balloons for every student. Instruct
students to coat the newspaper strips in the paste by dunking
them in the bowls and then pulling them through two of their
fingers to remove excess paste. Help students overlap the paper
strips they apply; leave free a small area near where the balloon is tied. When the paper mache
thickens, students should create more layers using the colored tissue paper strips. Kids can use red
tissue paper or different colors if they choose. Once all the paste is dry, have students pop the balloons
at the uncovered parts on the bottom. Students can place Winnie the Pooh stickers, or glue Winnie the
Pooh images, onto their balloons. Add a string to the bottom of the paper mache balloon to make it look
more like the balloon in the Winnie the Pooh stories.
Kites
Blustery days, or days full of wind, are typical occurrences in the Winnie the Pooh stories. Flying kites
are a popular activity when it is windy outside. Have kids design their own kites using construction paper
and poster board. Precut large diamonds. Have kids design their own kites using construction paper and
poster board. Once students have their kites complete, attach a length of yarn to the back of the poster
board to make the kite more realistic. Hang the art projects on a blue paper-coated bulletin
Pooh's Hunny Pots
These Pooh-inspired honey pots are perfect for keeping craft supplies close at hand.
You'll need:
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Terra cotta, rose pots, or paper cup
Acrylic paints in white, yellow and assorted colors
Plastic seal and lock bags, for mixing paints
Paintbrushes or sponge brushes
Masking tape
Scissors
Acrylic sealer, or Mod Podge
Cotton tipped swabs, for painting
Yellow stamp pad
Black marker
Googly eyes
1 1/2" wooden circles and hearts (found in craft stores)
Instructions:
1.To start, paint the pot inside and outside with a basecoat of white acrylic paint. Let dry.
2. Pull off a length of masking tape long enough to fit around the rim of the pot.
3. Cut a wavy line down the center of the tape and secure the tape around the outside rim of the pot.
This will be a stencil for the dripping honey.
4. Now paint the inside of the pot yellow and the outside of the pot in your child's favorite color. Terra
cotta is porous, so you might need to apply a few coats to fully cover the pot. Let paint dry between
coats. Let kids mix their colors in seal and lock bags. Squirt a few primary colors into a bag, seal it, and
let kids squish the bag to blend. This is a great way to teach about primary colors, and color mixing.
5. Once the paint on the outside of the pot is dry, remove the masking tape and paint the remaining
white area yellow, like honey.
6. To decorate your pots with thumbprint bees, help kids to press their thumbs into a yellow stamp pad.
Dot the thumbprint "bees" onto the pots. Let the ink dry. Embellish the bees with black marker and
Googly eyes.
7. To decorate your pots with flowers and butterflies, use cotton tipped swabs to dot on flowers.
Butterflies are sideways hearts.
8. Use a black marker to write a message on your pot.
9. Use red tape to seal the edges of the carton and cover imperfections. Use red tape to cover the
unsharpened pencil -- this will be the handle of the toolbox.
10. After decorating, seal pots with acrylic sealer. This will keep paint from peeling and will give pots a
finished gloss.
Mary Poppins
The books center on a magical English nanny, Mary Poppins. She is blown by the East wind to Number
Seventeen Cherry Tree Lane, London, and into the Banks' household to care for their children.
Encounters with chimney sweeps, shopkeepers and various adventures follow until Mary Poppins
abruptly leaves, i.e., "pops-out". The adventures take place over a total of eight books.
Mary Poppins: Let's Go Fly a Kite (video)
OR Copy and Paste into your browser: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g89NxTTycxc
Kite Art Project
Total Time Needed: 1 Hour
Materials
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1 sheet of 8 1/2-by-11-inch brightly colored paper
Ruler
Pencil
3/4-inch masking or clear tape
Wire snips
Thin bamboo skewer (such as used for kebabs)
Plastic surveyor's tape in a bright color (available at hardware stores) or gift wrapping ribbon
Hole punch
10 feet of string (or more, if flying clear of hazards)
Small piece of cardboard
Instructions
1. Fold the sheet of paper in half widthwise. Use a ruler and pencil to
measure and draw a diagonal line, as indicated.
2. Place the ruler against the line and crease the paper along it.
3. Fold back the top layer of paper and tape along the fold line.
Trim any excess tape.
4. Using wire snips, trim the bamboo skewer to 8 inches in
length. Position the skewer as a brace across the top back
of the kite and firmly tape it down.
5. Cut a 6-foot kite tail from the surveyor's tape. Tape it to
the rear edge of the kite. Next, flip the kite over and fold
the flap (to which you'll tie the string) back and forth until
it stands straight up.
6. Fold a small piece of tape over the edge of the flap about
3 inches from the top. Punch a hole through the tape 1/4 inch in from
the folded edge. Tie one end of the string through the hole.
7. To make a string winder, tie the other end of the string around the middle of the cardboard,
securing it with a strip of tape. Wind on the rest of the string, and you're ready to fly!
Irish Instruments
Accordion
The Irish accordion is a "push-pull" accordion, also called a diatonic accordion. Rather than piano keys,
the Irish accordion has buttons and the iconic folded sleeve.
Bodhran
The bodhran is perhaps the most famous of the traditional Irish musical instruments. Traditionally the
bodhran was used in military campaigns, but in the last century it has been used as a musical instrument
in its own right. Pronounced "bow rawn," bodhran means "deaf" in Gaelic. The bodhran is a percussion
instrument made out of wood and cured goat skin.
Harp
The history of the harp in Ireland is as old as the country itself. It is claimed that King David, one of the
first of the Irish kings, was given a harp by the Tuatha De Danaa, the fairies that inhabited the island. For
centuries the harp was the most popular of all instruments and was used as a sign of nobility and
culture. The harp has been used in family crests, on money and even on the presidential flag.
Irish Fiddle
Fiddles have been found in Irish archaeological sites that date back hundreds of years. Although the first
Irish fiddles are little more than boards with strings, it is clear that fiddles have been a part of Irish
country music for centuries. As the technology of the fiddle evolved, so too did the complexity and
richness of the music being written and performed.
Tin Whistle
The tin whistle is similar to the American recorder. It is a flute-like instrument with six finger holes. Tin
whistles have long been popular in Ireland and Scotland since they are relatively cheap and easy to
learn.
Uilleann Pipes
Many people, when they think of traditional Irish music, think of bagpipes. However, bagpipes are used
in Scotland, while uilleann pipes are found in Ireland. As with bagpipes, the uilleann pipes started as a
military instrument that gradually evolved into an instrument of leisure and folk culture. The pipes are
filled using bellows, rather than the pipe used to inflate Scottish bagpipes. Both uilleann pipes and
Scottish bagpipes have chanters. Air from the sac is pushed through the chanter, creating the pipes'
distinctive and melancholy sound.
Bodhran Drum
Instructions
1. Paint the outside of a round paper mache box and lid with green, orange and white paint, which
are the colors of the Irish flag.
2. Allow the paint to dry completely.
3. Apply glue to the inside lip of the lid, and place the lid onto the box. Allow the glue to dry. This
will secure the lid onto the box.
4. Make the tipper (drum beater), by gluing a round, hollow sphere on either end of the wood
dowel.
5. Allow the glue to dry before playing the bodhran.
Shamrocks
According to Irish legend, St. Patrick, patron saint of Ireland, first chose the shamrock as a symbol of the
Trinity of the Christian church because of its three leaflets bound by a common stalk.
Shamrock Pin:
What you'll need:
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3 Flat wooden heart shapes
1-2 Sparkle chenille stems
Hot glue gun
Dark Green (Forest) craft paint
Paint brush
Green sparkle paint
Pin back
Wire cutters
How to make it:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Paint the wooden heart shapes with the dark green craft paint. Let dry.
Paint the wooden heart shapes with the green sparkle paint. Let dry.
Hot glue the 3 hearts together (see photo).
Form the chenille stem around the hearts. Add another chenille stem if necessary to go
completely around the hearts and then form a stem. Use wire cutters to snip the stem to size.
5. Hot glue the chenille stem(s) onto the hearts (see photo).
6. Hot glue the pin on the back of the shamrock.
Shamrock Chain Necklace
What you'll need:
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Yellow construction paper
Green construction paper or card stock
Glitter glue
Scissors
6” length of green yarn
White craft glue or glue stick
How to make it:
1. Cut a simple shamrock shape from the green paper.
2. Pipe glitter glue around the shamrock and spread around. Set aside to dry.
3. Cut yellow construction paper into equal strips according to age of child. Small children will need
larger strips while older kids will appreciate the challenge of small, thin strips.
4. Begin by gluing one end of a yellow strip to its other end, forming a ring.
5. Thread a second strip through the first ring you created and glue the ends together creating a
second ring.
6. Repeat step 3 until your chain is long enough to fit over your child’s head.
7. Cut one strip twice as long as all the others and use that as the final ring, connecting the two
ends of the chain.
8. When shamrock is dry, carefully poke a hole through the top leaf and thread the yarn through
the hole.
9. Carefully and gently tie the yarn into a knot and then tie it again, tightening gently on the
second knot so as not to rip the paper.
10. Hold the necklace up and find the center chain link you want to hang your shamrock on.
11. Tie the other end of the yarn to the center link and trim off the excess.
Fairies
Fairy Dust
Create a special blend of "magical ingredients" to make fairy dust. Find a small glass container with a lid.
You can use a small glass vial with a cork stopper (found at craft stores), for example. Pour some colored
sand (one color) into a small bowl and add glitter until you are satisfied with the amount of sparkle in
your sand. Pour the mixture into your glass container. Make a label with some decorative paper and
whimsical (fancy and playful) handwriting that says "Fairy Dust."
Fairy Wand
Make a wand fit for a fairy. Use an 18-inch dowel rod (which you can
find at craft stores) as the shaft of the wand. Paint the dowel rod any
color you like using craft paints. Use hot glue to attach a sparkly pompom or plush star to the top of the wand. Spray the entire wand with
adhesive spray and sprinkle glitter over top to add your magic. Use
your imagination and add ribbons or pipe cleaners to decorate the
wand even more. It can be as detailed or as simple as you like. Allow
the wand to dry, and supervise children as they play with it.
Wales
St. David’s Day is the feast day of Saint David, the patron saint of Wales, and falls on the 1st of March
each year. The first day of March was chosen in remembrance of the death of Saint David.
Daffodil Pinwheel Craft
This cute daffodil craft uses the basic pinwheel with a cup on the front to form a
daffodil.
Design your own daffodil template using:
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construction paper and stickers
fun foam, or
thin pieces of plastic
Fun foam ones are nice and sturdy, but you'll need to use straight pins instead of push pins to make
them.
Materials:
paper
printer
something to color with
pencil with eraser at the end (unsharpened)
push pin or straight pin
green paint
optional: a small bead (like a pony bead)
Instructions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Paint your pencil green so it looks like the stem of a flower.
Take the circle and crimp it along the lines to make an orange cup shape.
Fold the rectangular template piece on the dashed line to make a square decorated on both
sides
Glue the square together so you have a square decorated on both sides
Cut on the diagonal dotted lines (don't cut all the way into the middle).
Bend each corner to the center dot, but don’t crease your folds.
Place the cup in the middle of the pinwheel.
Push a pin through the center into the eraser of a pencil (don't push it super tight)
Optional: put a bead in between the eraser and the paper ... some people find it spins a bit
better this way... I've never noticed the difference (maybe it's the type of pencil eraser? I use
fresh, unsharpened school pencils)
Kitchen Paper Towel Leeks
Materials:
Paper Towels
String
Scissors
Paint or green food coloring
Instructions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Fold your kitchen paper in half and snip sections half way down it to make the leaves of the leek.
Then fold it in half again and roll it up into a leek shape.
Wrap some tape towards the bottom to hold it shut.
Cut some string pieces for roots and tie them on the bottom of the leek.
Then paint the leaves with watered down green food coloring.
Hang them up to dry upside down.
Paper cup Welsh Hats.
The Welsh hat worn by women as part of Welsh national costume is a tall stovepipe-style hat, similar to
a top hat, or the Pilgrim hat. It is still worn by women, and particularly schoolgirls, in Wales on St David's
Day, but rarely on other occasions.
Cut circles of card for the brim of the hat, and then a hole in the middle that is just smaller than the lip
of the cup, so that the card will sit snuggly on the cup.
Glue it down.
Let the kids paint them up with black paint (original Welsh hats were black silk)
Once they have dried off, glue a doily underneath.
Then tear out the center of the doily once the glue is set.
Flags