Document 93113

Nur Syafinaz MohdAnuarand Mohd ZamaniDaud
Universiti Teknologi MARA Kelantan, Malaysia
A bst
Macram6 the art of decorative knotting, using a series of knots to produce ornamental
It is a very old crafts that begun at least six centuries ago. This researcir
aimed to produce jewelery of various kinds of combinations and analyze the
suitability of macramd technique and combination of different materials to replace the
thread into macrame technique. Researchers tried to explore the creation of jewelery
by experiment. The experiment exploration would lead to a new jewellery creation on
a media or an idea. Latest experiment is based on jewellery (findings) "Macrame in
Jewellery Making". The research is to prove on a suitability and combination between
different materials to replace thread into the macramd technique leading to the
production of jewellery. The research is mainly focused towards the usage material
with coloured wire. Research on macramd technique usage this material to gather a lot
of valuable knowledge about macrame and suitability and combination between
different materials.
gives researchers another inspiration for the development of
alternative techniques in order to develop technical skills. This research will also
present a new way of looking at jewellery. Most of the research methods were
obtained from a combination of available sources such as literature reviews, surveys,
personal observations, and experiments. Overall, the use of material as alternative to
replace thread is very effective. A11 the materials are chosen can be tied
shows and
strongly recommended that through a serious commitment to the investigation of
materials and process, both old and new, the students or the artists could expand their
visual vocabulary and creativity.
Keywords: c0llured wire, macran6, iewellery
1. lntroduction
Macramd is an art of decorative knotting without using needles or hooks. By using a
series of knots, many omamental patterns are created. Macramd can be created using
any kind of material. The material that can use is fine thread to make macramd lace or
even use leather strips. By a special technique, the macramd craft keeps the knots in
place while the work is being done. Macram6 can be tried or created by a person who
has a little or no experience. At the same time, macramd can pose a challenge and
it a most demanding craft for many senior afiisans and craftsman. Creation of
decorative piece using the macrame craft requires artistic skill coupled with patience.
It may even take many a month to finish a complex piece using high quality macramd
work with intricate designs.
F ig u
re 1 : BalQissa Green wire
Gemstone (turquoise) by Nur Syafrnaz Mohd Anuar 2011
The early history of Macram6 is a bit vague. There is some documentation which
indicates that macramd is an ancient knotting craft. The first people to use
it are from
the Egyptians, the Chinese, the Maoris and the Peruvians. This is an Arabic word
meaning a veil
of protection, napkin with a finger or a towel. In fact
migrated with sailors, who used a lot of knots in their work. Names of knots are often
different but the form of knot is almost same.
According to Andes (1971), Macramd is one of the most ancient crafts known to man.
The ancient Chinese, Egyptians, Maoris and Peruvians used it. The particular knots
have been handed down by sailors through the ages. Macramd is a technique of
decorative employing simple basic knots to create a multitude of patterns. The term
derives from an Arabic word means braided fingers. The Arabs were known to be the
first people to use it in the 13th century. During the next hundred years it spread to
South Europe. Sailors have used Macramd extensively as a part time hobby. The craft
revival of the 1960s brought the technique to life after decades of obscurity. It remains
popular for the making of wall hangings, plant hangers and jewellery (necklace,
bracelet and brooch).
According to Chamberlain and Crockett (1974), the word macramd credited with an
Arabic origin, has today been identihed with sculptural knotting. In Arabic, its meaning
is closely associated with fringe; knotting in this context was thought of as a decorative
way of working the fingers of a woven fabric, which gave the necessary elements to the
work (the end warp threads)
Bell, (1979) states that the original meaning of the Arabic word is Migramah, from
which the word macramd is derived, is variously rendered as "striped towel",
"ornamental finger" and embroidered veil". She said the two most basic knots used in
macram6 are the half-knot and the half hitch. Most the macram6 knots are derived from
these two. The two derivation most often used are the square knots, which consist
two half knots, and the clove hitch, which is made of two half hitches. She also said that
while the qaze for macramd waned in subsequent years, it is now enjoying a renewed
and widespread popularity as a technique for making wall hangings, articles of
clothing, bedspreads, tablecloths, draperies, plant hangers and other furnishing.
2. Macram6 Knots
There are many other types of knots utilized in all types of Macramd. In reality has
more fifties of different knots have been developed and some of the knots can be used
in macramd (Anuar, 2007).
fd,Kr$n# i{l!}t6
& y? iir
Yr ld s*
,.;- e
I ll ,{,{,{,{
i i'i'
F ig u
re 2: Type of macram6 knot
From several of macramd knots, the researcher chooses only the four knots. There
were two basic knots, the Half Hitch Knot and the Square Knot and the researcher
decided to choose two more knots. They are the Overhand Knot and the Josephine
Knot. They are chosen due to a few reasons. Firstly this is a basic knot wish had
simple shape and is beautiful. After that it is can be bent and tied nicely. The final
reason is because this knot is common and versatile. Macramd can be done with almost
no tools.
ig u re 3:
: i
Tying knots using wire.
This research is a qualitative one by using the experiment method. This method is
chosen as the researcher feels that this is the best method for the topic selected'
M ethod
Sulaiman (2004), experimental method requires the researcher to
establish different treatments and study their effect. The result of each experiment is a
clear cut interpretation.
The research will be conducted with coloured wire materials. The research will look
into the aspect of suitability materials to replace thread into the macramd technique
leading to the production of necklace.
The materials, used are silver wire, coated cable wire and beading wire. The scope will
be extended to include all this materials. This result
be used to experiment further
on other types of macramd weaving to find the best-suited results. This experiment
decide whether this combination
will be successful
and can be further used as thread in
the macram6 technique to produce jewellery'
Figu re 4: Experiment Materials Using Macram6 Knot
Sampling Method
After the experiments have been done and the results have been obtained, they will be
used as samples for reference in the process of producing jewellery. By using this
sampling method, the result of the experiment can be used as a progress to the final
research. This method is very imporlant because
it is closely associated with the
experimental method.
Resu lts
In general, the researcher had found out that uses of coloured wire material which are
silver wire, coated cable wire and beading wire as alternative material to produce
macramd jewellery is succesfull and effective to be applied. This research objective is
to analyze a suitability and combination between different materials to replace thread
into the macramd technique leading to the production ofjewellery. Overall, the use of
material as alternative to replace thread is very effective.
Table 2: Result Experiment Using Macramd Knot
Sterling Silver
Round Wire
(22 gatge / 0.6 mm)
Beading Wire
(0.01 mm)
Coated colour Wire
(22 gauge / 0.6 mm)
5. Conclusions
Jewellery can be universal.
Only the individual who wears it can decide if the object
is jewellery. This question arose when many of researcher friends, colleagues, who
had seen my jewellery usually commented, "Who would want
to wear this
jewellery?" Researcher pushed to create, to explore, and to build because if researcher
do not do so, her role as a lecturer, an educated person will be meaningless. Most of
all researcher do it because her simply like to.
F ig U
re 4: Sakura Red wire
All the works that
Gemstone (pearl) by Nur Syafinaz Mohd Anuar 2012
researcher produced is wearable and
it should be wearable. After
all, as all jewellers and artist know, wearability is not such a difficult design function
fulfrll. To researcher,
most materials are acceptable, and size is the matter of what
you can persuade the user to wear.
The process
of making
macram6 jewellery and this research project, gave the
researcher an opportunity
sharpen her skills.
It is the researcher's intention
continue to experiment with suitability and combination between different materials
using macramd knots (Half Hitch Knot, Square Knot, Overhand Knot and Josephine
It is important for the researcher to explore alternative techniques for adaptability
studio practice, in order to expand the researcher is technical skill. The researcher
hopes that this research would continue to be progressive within its own context and
that the researcher is ideas
continue to evolve in the future.
As the researcher acquired all the experience in doing this
researcher gradually came
research project, the
realize that the aesthetic quality
of a necklace is
determined completely by the forms of the materials that the researcher used and the
tools that she employed.
Recom mendation
The researcher has great interests
investigating and experimenting with both
materials and macramd processes. The researcher tried to explore a suitability and
combination between different materials to replace thread into the macramd technique
leading to the production of jewellery. Information gained from these explorations,
observations experiments and survey has been shared freely with colleagues and
students in lectures and workshops.
The researcher hopes that this research
It shows
also present a new way of looking at
and the researcher strongly recommended that through a serious
commitment to the investigation of materials and process, both old and new, the
students or the artists could expand their visual vocabulary and creativity.
efe re n ces
Andes, E. (1971). Practical Macran6, the Colombia Encyclopedia (six edition),
Colombia University Press.
Bell, C. (1979). Crafts and Hobbies: A Step-by-Step Guide to Creative Skills, Canada:
The Reader's Digest Association, Inc.
M., &
C. (1974). Beyond
Weaving, New York: Till
Sulaiman, S. (2004). Research Methods for the Social Sciences: Made Simple,
Selangor, DSS Publishing Enterprise.
Anuar, N.S. (2007). The Potential of Macram6 In Jewellery Making: Mixed Media,
Thesis (Master), Universiti Teknologi MARA