Easy Mortarless Brick Patio Installation Step 1 - Base Preparation Measure and stake your desired project perimeter. Tie the string-line at the level that you want your finished project height. Remove any loose dirt or sod to at least a minimum of 5” below your finish grade. This allows room for your brick pavers, and for the compacted base. The more time and effort you put into your base preparation the better your brick patio project will look. Use 3/4” crushed gravel for the base filling material. Compact using a flat plate compactor available from most rental yards or a hand tamper. Spread your crushed rock in 2” layers. Spray with water and use compactor until well compacted. H.C. Muddox or Interstate® Clay Brick 1” Layer Concrete Sand 2” Layer Crushed Gravel Step 2 - Bedding Sand and Edging Install your plastic, metal or brick edging. Accurately following your string lines, secure your edge restraint. Use concrete sand and spread evenly to a 1” depth. Rest the pipe on the gravel base and space 2-1/2 feet apart. Spread concrete sand to the top of the pipe. Using a 2 x 4, screed the sand level to the top of the pipes. Remove the pipe and fill in the voids with loose sand. Do not walk on or compact the sand. Step 3 - Laying The Brick Using one of the brick patterns shown, begin laying the brick. Install one row and use a string line to help keep the pattern straight. Some bricks may require cutting to form a particular line or edge. Cut the brick with a chisel, brick splitter or masonry saw (always remember to wear your safety glasses and mask when cutting the brick). Step 4 - Final Details Sweep off any loose debris or sand that may be on top of brick pavers. Using your flat plate compactor or hand tamper and start compacting your brick pavers working from the outside toward the center. This will level out any high brick pavers making your surface level. Spread concrete sand over the brick. Sweep loose sand over the finished surface. Fill all joints and recompact. This will compact the sand firmly into the joints. H.C. MUDDOX 4875 Bradshaw Road Sacramento, CA 95827-9727 Call Toll-Free: (800) 776-1244 Fax: (916) 362-9182 www.hcmuddox.com ©H.C. MUDDOX, 2009 INTERSTATE BRICK 9780 South 5200 West West Jordan, UT 84088-5625 Call Toll-Free: (800) 233-8654 Fax: (801) 280-5220 www.interstatebrick.com HC00 10,000 FR 1/10/09 Mortarless Brick Patio Easy plans to create your great outdoor living space! Getting Started Difficulty: Calculate Square Footage Products Required: Example: 10' X 10' area is 200 square feet. Beginner. This is an easy do-it-yourself project. • Brick • Well-Graded, Washed Concrete Sand • 3/4” Crushed Gravel (do not use washed or rounded gravel) • Plastic, Metal or Brick Edging Tools Required: Create Your Great Outdoor Living Space A brick patio is a very popular choice for creating a place to relax outdoors while barbecuing, visiting with family and friends, or just enjoying a good book. Building a mortarless brick patio doesn't need to be a tricky or complicated project. In fact, a mortarless brick patio can easily be done by a do-it-yourselfer if a few simple steps are followed and the right tools are used. Long lasting, traditional, and attractive brick patios are definitely worth the effort. The following easy steps in this guide will help you along the way. Estimating Chart • • • • • • • • • • Shovel Rake Broom Hammer Mask Garden hose Stakes String Gloves Level • • • • Safety Glasses Measuring Tape 3/4” Pipe For Leveling Chisel, Brick Splitter or Masonry Saw • 2 x 4 Wood Screed, at least 3’ long • Plate compactor (rented) or Hand Tamper To estimate the amount of material you need for the patio, measure the length and width, and multiply the two numbers together to get the square footage. Amount of Gravel For 2" of gravel you will need to calculate the volume. Length x Width x Height = Volume Example: For a 10' X 10' patio with 2" (.167 foot) of gravel, you will need (10 X 10 X .167)= 16.7 cubic feet or 0.65 cubic yards. Amount of Sand Once you have the amount of gravel needed, calculate the amount of sand. You will need 1" of sand above the gravel base. You must allow for sand to filter into the gravel base and space between bricks. Example: For a 10' X 10' patio, Use half the volume of gravel. 16.7 cubic feet ÷ 2 = 8.35 cubic feet or 0.32 cubic yards. Patterns Amount of Bricks A standard brick paver measures 4" X 8". To cover 100 square feet you will need about 450 brick pavers (4.5 bricks per square foot). 4.5 bricks per square foot. Herringbone-90 Degree Running Bond Basket Weave Stacked Example: For a 10' X 10' patio, the patio is 100 sq. feet. 4.5 brick x 100 square feet = 450 brick pavers.
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