Easy Mortarless Brick Patio Installation Mortarless Brick Patio

Easy Mortarless Brick Patio Installation
Step 1 - Base Preparation
Measure and stake your desired project perimeter. Tie the
string-line at the level that you want your finished project
height. Remove any loose dirt or sod to at least a minimum of
5” below your finish grade. This allows room for your brick
pavers, and for the compacted base. The more time and
effort you put into your base preparation the better your brick
patio project will look. Use 3/4” crushed gravel for the base
filling material. Compact using a flat plate compactor
available from most rental yards or a hand tamper. Spread
your crushed rock in 2” layers. Spray with water and use
compactor until well compacted.
H.C. Muddox or Interstate® Clay Brick
1” Layer Concrete Sand
2” Layer Crushed Gravel
Step 2 - Bedding Sand and Edging
Install your plastic, metal or brick edging. Accurately following
your string lines, secure your edge restraint. Use concrete
sand and spread evenly to a 1” depth. Rest the pipe on the
gravel base and space 2-1/2 feet apart. Spread concrete
sand to the top of the pipe. Using a 2 x 4, screed the sand
level to the top of the pipes. Remove the pipe and fill in the
voids with loose sand. Do not walk on or compact the sand.
Step 3 - Laying The Brick
Using one of the brick patterns shown, begin laying the brick.
Install one row and use a string line to help keep the pattern
straight. Some bricks may require cutting to form a particular
line or edge. Cut the brick with a chisel, brick splitter or
masonry saw (always remember to wear your safety glasses
and mask when cutting the brick).
Step 4 - Final Details
Sweep off any loose debris or sand that may be on top of
brick pavers. Using your flat plate compactor or hand tamper
and start compacting your brick pavers working from the
outside toward the center. This will level out any high brick
pavers making your surface level. Spread concrete sand over
the brick. Sweep loose sand over the finished surface. Fill all
joints and recompact. This will compact the sand firmly into
the joints.
4875 Bradshaw Road
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©H.C. MUDDOX, 2009
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Mortarless Brick Patio
Easy plans to create your great
outdoor living space!
Getting Started
Calculate Square Footage
Products Required:
Example: 10' X 10' area is 200 square feet.
Beginner. This is an easy do-it-yourself project.
• Brick
• Well-Graded, Washed Concrete Sand
• 3/4” Crushed Gravel (do not use washed or
rounded gravel)
• Plastic, Metal or Brick Edging
Tools Required:
Create Your
Great Outdoor
Living Space
A brick patio is a very popular choice for
creating a place to relax outdoors while
barbecuing, visiting with family and friends,
or just enjoying a good book.
Building a mortarless brick patio doesn't
need to be a tricky or complicated project.
In fact, a mortarless brick patio can easily
be done by a do-it-yourselfer if a few simple
steps are followed and the right tools are
used. Long lasting, traditional, and attractive
brick patios are definitely worth the effort.
The following easy steps in this guide will
help you along the way.
Estimating Chart
Garden hose
Safety Glasses
Measuring Tape
3/4” Pipe For Leveling
Chisel, Brick Splitter or
Masonry Saw
• 2 x 4 Wood Screed, at
least 3’ long
• Plate compactor (rented)
or Hand Tamper
To estimate the amount of material you need for the
patio, measure the length and width, and multiply the two
numbers together to get the square footage.
Amount of Gravel
For 2" of gravel you will need to calculate the volume.
Length x Width x Height = Volume
Example: For a 10' X 10' patio with 2" (.167 foot) of
gravel, you will need (10 X 10 X .167)= 16.7 cubic feet
or 0.65 cubic yards.
Amount of Sand
Once you have the amount of gravel needed,
calculate the amount of sand. You will need 1" of sand
above the gravel base. You must allow for sand to filter
into the gravel base and space between bricks.
Example: For a 10' X 10' patio, Use half the volume of
gravel. 16.7 cubic feet ÷ 2 = 8.35 cubic feet or 0.32
cubic yards.
Amount of Bricks
A standard brick paver measures 4" X 8". To cover 100
square feet you will need about 450 brick pavers (4.5
bricks per square foot). 4.5 bricks per square foot.
Herringbone-90 Degree
Running Bond
Basket Weave
Example: For a 10' X 10' patio, the patio is 100 sq. feet.
4.5 brick x 100 square feet = 450 brick pavers.