A Cultural Publication for Puerto Ricans From the editor . . . This issue includes both sides of the coin on the issue of Christopher Columbus, Discoverer of the New World, or exploiter of native people? Are some groups trying to rewrite history or just make a few adjustments? I never gave a second thought to stuffing, until a non-Puerto Rican friend asked me if I knew how to make Puerto Rican stuffing. I said no, I don’t. She then proceeded to tell me how it included different kinds of meats. I said, ‘that’s not how you make it?’ We had a good laugh. This issue includes our traditional meat stuffing. Once you try our roasted mashed potato recipe you will never go back to plain and ordinary mashed potatoes. YOUR AD Siempre Boricua, Ivonne Figueroa FITS HERE Index Feliz Día de Acción de Gracias Happy Thanksgiving Page Credits 2 Beach Weddings 2 Island Trivia/Speaking Puerto Rican 3 Taínos - Calendar - Don Guillo 4 Don Cristóbal Colón by Román Romano 5 Dra. C.S. Ortega/Primos 6 Hints with Vélez and Rodello 7 Cooking and Recipes 8 More recipes 9 Music Review by Alberto González 10 Book Review 10 OVEMBER 2009 OVEMBER 2009 EL BORICUA PAGE 2 CREDITS ©1995-2009 All articles are the property of EL BORICUA or the property of its authors. Staff Puerto Rico has such a gorgeous backdrop of sand and surf that a beach wedding here is a no-brainer. And in case you want to skip the beach for the day, this U.S. territory also offers a nice blend of relaxation and cultural and historic sights for you and your guests to wander around pre and postwedding. Javier Figueroa - Dallas , TX Publisher Ivonne Figueroa - Dallas, TX Executive Editor & Gen. Mgr. Dolores Flores – Dallas, TX Language Editor Dra. C. S. Ortega Primos Editor What to Know As with most Caribbean destinations, fickle weather can be an issue. Hurricane season lasts from June 1 to November 30. For peace of mind when planning your beach wedding, note that San Juan and the northern coast tend to be cooler and wetter than Ponce and the southern coast. Luquillo Beach is the most popular place on the island. You may have to duke it out with some sunbathers for your nuptial stretch of sand, but the sight of the El Yunque rainforest in the background is well worth the fight. If you want to try out one of the hottest new destinations in the Caribbean, go to the island of Vieques, just seven miles east of the big island of Puerto Rico. Marriage Requirements Residency requirement: None Necessary documents: Valid photo ID or passports; proof of divorce or death certificate of former spouse/s (if applicable); blood tests from a federally certified laboratory (in the U.S. or Puerto Rico) within 10 days of the wedding date. A doctor will need to sign and certify marriage certificate after examination of the bride and groom in Puerto Rico. Note: Marriage license has to be acquired in advance from the Puerto Rico Demographic Department up to 10 days before the wedding. EL BORICUA is a monthly cultural publication, established in 1995, that is Puerto Rican owned and operated. We are NOT sponsored by any club or organization. Our goal is to present and promote our "treasure" which is our Cultural Identity - “the Puerto Rican experience.” EL BORICUA is presented in English and is dedicated to the descendants of Puerto Ricans wherever they may be. Anna María Vélez de Blas Recipe Tester Manuela Rodello Hints for a Puerto Rican Household Guillermo ‘Don Guillo’ Andares, Gardening Tips for Puerto Ricans Alberto González Music Reviews Support Staff Fernando Alemán Jr - Web Consultant José Rubén de Castro -Photo Editor María Yisel Mateo Ortiz -Development Special Thanks to . . . Tayna Miranda Zayas of Most back issues available MarkNetGroup.com – in yearly CDRom George Collazo – PhotosofPuertoRico.com There are three Puerto Rico's you need to learn about; the old, the new and the natural. Learn about our little terruño. Subscribe to EL BORICUA, a monthly cultural publication for Puerto Ricans. http://www.elboricua.com/subscribenow.html OVEMBER 2009 EL BORICUA PAGE 3 People from Cidra are known as cidreños. Cidra is the home of "La Paloma Sabanera,” the only bird in Puerto Rico with blue eyes. It is a protected specie in danger of extinction. Speaking Puerto Rican . . . Chavos is money, but specifically pennies, No tengo chavos (I don’t have any money), dame cinco chavos (give me five pennies). Guava paste and cheese . . . . Isleños use a queso casero that is not marketed in the states. It is a soft cheese that is kind of grainy. This is a typical Puerto Rican appetizer or even dessert. Rican The term 'Rican' is a fairly new term used in the states only. It is short for Puerto Rican. In Spanish Puerto Rican is 'puertorriqueño' and the word 'Riqueño' would be the equivalent of 'Rican.' Porto Rico, Borinquen, Borikén Much is being said on the Internet about the names of Puerto Rico. Most of it is way wrong. No, the Portuguese did not name the island Porto Rico... No, Porto Rico is not the arcaic name.... The Taínos of Puerto Rico named their island paradise, Borikén. Later the Spaniards coined the word Borinquen. Christopher Columbus named the island San Juan Bautista and the rich port, Puerto Rico. Soon after, just before the governorship of Juan Ponce de León and purely by error, the names were switched and the island became Puerto Rico. On January 15, 1899, the military government changed the name of Puerto Rico to Porto Rico, because they could not pronounce Puerto - and just misspelled it once and it 'took'. Later on May 17, 1932, at the urging of Luis Muñoz Marín, Congress finally agreed to correct their error and use the correct spelling. Puerto Ricans NEVER used the term Porto Rico except when forced to use it in legal documents and did so bitterly. Refrán . . . Se acuerdan de Santa Barbara sólo cuando truena. Trivia The 1948 Summer Olympics celebrated in London, was a historical one for Puerto Rico because it was the first time that the island would participate as a nation in a major international sporting event. Print your copies of EL BORICUA and file them in a 3-ring binder. YOUR AD FITS HERE BORICUA . . . is a powerful word. It is our history, it is our cultural affirmation, it is a declaration, it is a term of endearment, it is poetic . . . ...... it is us. OVEMBER 2009 EL BORICUA Taínos were a matrilineal society. That means that descent was traced through mothers rather than through fathers. Property often passed from mothers to daughters. Households were formed around a group of related females. Grandmother, mother, sisters, and daughters lived together and cooperated in farming, childrearing, food preparation, and craft production. Men, by virtue of their absence from communities during periods of longdistance trade and/or warfare, were peripheral to the household. The importance of females as the foundation of society was expressed by tracing descent through the female line to a mythical female ancestress. In a matrilineal society, your mother's brother, and not your father, is the most important male in your life because he heads your family's lineage. However, if men are needed by their matrilineage, yet are expected to live in their wife's village, then social relations will be unstable. These competing demands can be balanced by establishing villages in close proximity, thus reducing the distances that men must travel to participate in their lineage affairs. The cacique was succeeded not by his son but by the eldest son of one of his sisters. There was a large degree of equality between men and women in Taino society. In some instances a cacica, or female chief, served as the head of a village. PAGE 4 Nov. 1, 1966 Hermán Badillo becomes the first Puerto Rican elected Bronx Borough President Nov. 2, 1992 Nydia Velázques is elected first Puerto Rican woman in U.S. Congress. Nov. 3, 1970 Hermán Badillo becomes fist stateside Puerto Rican congressman. Nov. 6, 1900 b. Oscar García Rivera, first Puerto Rican elected official in NY. Nov. 7, 1903 b. Jesús María Sanromá, became one of the century's most accomplished and important pianists. Nov. 8, 1942 b. Angel Cordero, champion jockey. Nov. 12, 1851 b. José Gautier Benítez, poet and writer on Puerto Rican customs and folklore. Nov. 19, 1493 Puerto Rico's Discovery Day Nov. 25, 1897 Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy under the leadership of Luis Muñoz Rivera. Nov. 28, 1843 b. Manuel Tavarez, composer and father of Puerto Rican danza. Nov. 28, 1900 b. Washington Llorén Llorén, born in Ponce became a scientist, writer and journalist, linguist, and scholar. Nov. 30, 1850 b. Cayetano Coll y Toste, was born in Arecibo, became a physician, writer and historian. Was the editor of the Boletín Histórico de Puerto Rico. Don Guillo, the gardener . . . . Bring your recao plants indoors during the cold months. Replant them in a terrarium made using an inexpensive fish tank. Place it next to a window where it will get some light. As the light hits the glass it will keep your plants warm and thriving. OVEMBER 2009 EL BORICUA PAGE 5 November 19th Discovery Day November 19th - Discovery Day A National Holiday in Puerto Rico By: Román Romano (Italian-Puerto Rican) Christopher Columbus did indeed discover Puerto Rico on November 19th 1943, during his second voyage to the New World. How sad and bitterly ironic that the man who forever altered the course of human events with his bold voyages to a terra incognita has now become persona non grata among a few who bash him and try to convert the rest of us to their ideology. Unlike the exploratory first voyage, the second voyage was a massive colonization effort, comprising seventeen ships and over twelve hundred men and boys that included two of Columbus’s brothers, Bartholomew and Diego, and soldiers, colonists, priests and “gentlemen of the court.”The second voyage brought European livestock and cattle many brought to America for the first time, included horses, cattle, donkeys, sheep, goats, pigs, dogs, cats, chickens, grain, seed, and all the supplies needed for sailing, fending off attacks, building settlements, and setting up an administration overseas. La Niña, la Pinta, and la Santa María are the well known ships of Columbus historic first journey, however they were not the flagships of voyage number two. Columbus departed on his flagship, la Mariagalante, from Cádiz, Spain on September 25, 1493. Among those who accompanied Columbus were two of his brothers, Bartolomeo and Diego, and Juan Ponce de León, who later became our first Governor, as well as Vincent Yañez. Little is known about life aboard the ships, but it could not have been comfortable. There were no crew’s quarters and no mess halls. Only the captains and pilots had cabins, and they were very small. At night the crew slept wherever they could find a vacant spot, tying themselves down to prevent being tossed into the sea. Prayers, songs, stories, chores, eating, and waiting filled the sailors’ days. Stargazing under a new, unknown sky filled their restless nights. On November 19, 1493, on his second voyage, the mountain El Yunque, on the northeast coast of the island then known as Boriken, was seen by Columbus, whose fleet anchored in the port near Aguadilla. A monument erected in the fourth century of the discovery marks the site between Aguada and Aguadilla, where presumably the admiral took possession of the newly discovered territory in the name of his sovereign. The island was named San Juan in honor of St. John the Baptist. Trivia . . . . Christopher Columbus is known as Cristóbal Colón (in Spanish) and Cristoforo Colombo (in Italian). Columbus was born in 1451, in the Republic of Genoa (Italy) to the son of a weaver. He had three brothers and that at least one of them worked with him as a map maker. Columbus actually made four trips to the "New World.” His expeditions resulted in the ‘Columbian Exchange,’ because they set in motion the widespread transfer of people, plants, animals, diseases, and cultures that greatly affected nearly every society on the planet. Columbus Day is marked as a national holiday in the United States, with most banks, some financial markets, federal agencies such as the US Postal Service, most state government offices, and many school districts closed for the day. It is celebrated throughout the Americas (North America, Central America and South America) on the same day. Christopher Columbus died in Valladolid, Spain, on May 20, 1506, at the age of 54, but did not die, in disgrace, poor and pennyless like some groups would have us think. He did in glory and his remains, to this day, are considered a National Treasure. “In fourteen hundred ninety-two, Columbus sailed the ocean blue…" OVEMBER 2009 EL BORICUA PAGE 6 Our PRIMOS section journeys through Hispanic America celebrating the culture and heritage of our cousins. Take a tour with us through the rest of beautiful Latino America with Dra. C.S. Ortega. Bartolomé de las Casas, the Defender and Apostle to the Indians Bartolomé de las Casas descriptions of the horrible maltreatment and exploitation conducted by the Spanish against the Taino in his A Short Account of the Destruction of the Indies are extremely shocking. Here are some excerpts. Hispaniola: “It all began with the Europeans taking native women and children both as servants and to satisfy their own base appetites … (and later) they started taking … their food… The (Taínos) began to realize that these men could not, in truth, be descended from heaven. …They … punched them, boxed their ears, and flogged them in order to track down the local leaders, and the whole shameful process came to a head when one of the European commanders raped the wife of the paramount chief of the entire island (Guarokuia or Enriquillo)… The fourth kingdom was known as Xaragu, and was really the heart and core of the whole island. (This) kingdom boasted many nobles and great lords.... Chief among them was the king, Behechio, and his sister, Anacaona…; after Behechio’s death, Anacaona ruled in his stead. Over three hundred local dignitaries were summoned to welcome the then governor of the island when he paid a visit to the kingdom.... The governor duped the unsuspecting leaders of this welcoming party into gathering in a building made of straw and then ordered his men to set fire to it and burn them alive. All the others were massacred, either run through by lances or put to the sword. As a mark of respect and out of deference to her rank, Queen Anacaona was hanged. When one or two Spaniards tried to save some of the children, either because they pitied them or perhaps because they wanted them for themselves, and swung them up behind them on to their horses, one of their compatriots rod up behind and ran them through with his lance. Yet another member of the governor’s party galloped about cutting the legs off all the children as they lay sprawling on the ground…. After the fighting was over and all the men had been killed, the surviving natives -usually, that is, the young boys, the women, and the children- were shared out between the victors. … The pretext under which the victims were parceled out in this way was that their new masters would then be in a position to teach them the truths of the Christian faith…. Puerto Rico and Jamaica: “… they perpetrated the same outrages …. as before, devising yet further refinements of cruelty, murdering the native people, burning and roasting them alive, throwing them to wild dogs and oppressing, tormenting and plaguing them with toil down the mines and elsewhere, and so once again the killing off these poor innocents to such effect that where the native population of the two islands was certainly over 600,000 (and I personally reckon it a more than million). Fewer than two hundred survive on each of the two islands; all others have perished without ever learning the truths about the Christian religion and without the benefit of the Sacraments.” The Pearl Coast, the Gulf of Paria and Trinidad: “One of the cruelest and most damnable things … is the way in which the Spanish use natives to fish for pearls. The life of a pearlfisher … is worse than any other on the face of the earth... They are in the water from dawn to dusk … at depths of four or five fathoms. … Once they have filled their nets they surface... If they spend more than a few seconds at the surface … (they) will … and push them back under (the water)... Their only food is fish … plus, perhaps, some cassava bread.... At night, they are shackled to prevent them from escaping and they have to sleep on the hard ground. … (Often) the poor wretches are easy prey to all manner of sharks... By condemning them to this quite unbearable Hell, the oppressors have exterminated the entire population of the Bahamas, not a single soul living there when the Spanish first discovered this trade having survived.” The Kingdom of Yucatán (México): “…. The wretched Spaniards actively pursued the locals… using wild dogs... One woman… determined that the dogs should not tear her to pieces …, taking a rope, and tying her one-year-old child to her leg, hanged herself from a beam. Yet she was not in time to prevent the dogs from ripping the infant to pieces.... (When) a Spaniard … realized that his dogs were hungry (he) took a little boy from his mother, cut his arms and legs into chunks with his knife and distributed it them among his dogs. Once they had eaten up the steaks, he threw the rest of the carcass on the ground for them to fight over.” In History of the Indies (1552), Las Casas wrote “There were 60,000 people living on this island [in 1508…]; so that from 1494 to 1508, over three million people had perished from war, slavery and the mines. Who in future generations will believe this?” Primos is written by Dra. C. S. Ortega OVEMBER 2009 EL BORICUA Cocina Criolla – Cooking Hints By: Anna María Vélez de Blas Just about anyone you talk to in November will tell you how to cook the best turkey for Thanksgiving. Everyone has a ‘secret,’ their special traditions and methods. To me the best turkey is one that is very moist and flavorful and has a golden brown skin color. My turkey is a Puerto Rican turkey, or pavochón. It has our distinct criollo flavor. Did you know the turkey is native to the Americas and the West Indies? Yes, the wild turkey is native to Puerto Rico and Taínos cooked it and used hot peppers to give it flavor. So how do I prepare my holiday turkey? With lots of love and my very own traditions that developed after I read EL BORICUA recipes. EL BORICUA was my inspiration. I am so honored to be allowed to be a part of this publication and this effort! I season my turkey inside and out with Adobo (sabor criollo) and a bit of Cayenne Pepper (in honor of the Taínos). In the cavity of the bird I put a large peeled onion sliced in half and a large head of garlic, peeled as much as possible and cut in half. Your home will smell like a fine restaurant, your neighbors will knock on your door. PAGE 7 Hints for a Puerto Rican Household by: Manuela Rodello I too make my holiday turkey, a Puerto Rican turkey, con mucho sabor. I often cook mine overnight, over very slow heat. I put my well-seasoned turkey in the oven at 11pm on Wednesday night, at 400° for one hour then I lower the temperature to 275° and keep it there, don’t even open the door anymore until it is time to eat. I like to have Thanksgiving early so that I can enjoy the rest of the day and everyone can have leftovers when they get hungry. My side dishes include traditional Puerto Rican stuffing using a variety of meats – and yes I do stuff my turkey and then bake it. Sides include garlic mashed potatoes, arroz y habichuelas, amarillos, and then whatever my guests bring in. I also prepare a pumpkin flan that is delicious, a Bacardi-Pecan pie, and Besitos de Coco. Do I cook too much, yes, I’m sure, but I am making memories, so I don’t mind it - one time out of the year. Then I roast ‘el pavo’ breast down. With the breast side down all the juices that are in the turkey drain down into the breast making it moist, tender and juicy. No need to baste the turkey with the breast down. I tent it with foil until the last 30 minutes or so, then remove the foil and flip it over so that it can brown evenly. I keep a sharp eye just in case I need to interfere and cover the wings and legs with foil so they don’t get too brown. *Anna is a Recipe Tester for EL BORICUA and is also a professional Chef, she lives in California with her husband, Joe and their three children. Manuela Rodello Blanco, born in Río Piedras, is a Home Economics Teacher in )orth Carolina. OVEMBER 2009 EL BORICUA PAGE 8 Budín de Calabaza 3 cups pumpkin puree, 1 quart water, ¼ c milk, 1½ cups brown sugar, ¼ tsp salt, 3 tbs melted butter, 6 tbs flour, 1½ vanilla extract, 1 tsp cinnamon, 4 large eggs (slightly beaten). Preheat oven to 400° butter an 8 x 8 inch mold Mix all ingredients together. Pour and bake for 25 min, reduce temperature to 350° and cook another 25 minutes or until inserted knife comes clean. Let this cool in mold and refrigerate. Roasted Garlic Mashed Potatoes Preheat oven to 350° Drizzle large head of garlic with olive oil, then wrap in aluminum foil. Bake in preheated oven for 1 hour. Remove the garlic from the oven, and cut in half. Squeeze the softened cloves into prepared instant mashed potatoes (about 10 cups). Blend potatoes with an electric mixer until desired consistency is achieved. Use plenty of butter, season with salt and pepper to taste. *Use a toaster oven if you have one. Traditional Puerto Rican ‘Meat’ Stuffing (For a turkey weighing between 12 and 14 pounds) Bacardi Pecan Pie 1 cup dark corn syrup 3 eggs 1 cup sugar 2 tablespoons butter, melted 1 teaspoon vanilla extract 2 tbs. Bacardi Rum 6 ounces pecans 1 (9-inch) pie crust Preheat oven to 350°F. Mix corn syrup, eggs, sugar, butter, vanilla and rum, using a spoon. Stir in pecans. Pour filling into pie crust. Bake on center rack of oven for 60 minutes. Cool for 2 hours on wire rack before serving. 3 tablespoons vegetable oil 1½ lbs. ground pork or beef (or a combination), liver, heart & gizzard of bird, diced ½ cup chopped onion 1 teaspoonful alcaparras 8 stuffed Spanish olives 1 tablespoon salt 1 can (7 oz.) roasted red peppers (chopped) with its juice Heat oil in a large caldero and add the rest of the ingredients. Cook on medium high until meat is cooked. Then continue to cook over medium heat for about 15 more minutes. Cool completely before stuffing the turkey. Wash the turkey inside and out and dry. Sew together the neck area. Stuff from the tail end with the cooked meat mixture. Do not overstuff. Sew the tail end together. Immediately put in the refrigerator until ready to cook. Season the outside of the turkey with Adobo seasoning. If the crust begins to get too dark cover it with foil. Use ready to use, roll out pie crust. Follow roasting instructions in the wrapper OVEMBER 2009 EL BORICUA PAGE 9 Flan de Calabaza 2 cups sugar 6 eggs 6 egg yolks 2 cups half-and-half 1 teaspoon vanilla 1 teaspoon ground cinnamon ½ can sweetened condensed milk 7 oz pumpkin-pie mix Pinch salt Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Melt the sugar in a saucepan over medium-high heat until liquefied. Keep cooking, stirring with a metal spoon, until it is golden brown (don’t let it burn). Carefully pour the caramel in the flan pan and swirl it all over the bottom and sides. Mix together the eggs and egg yolks, half-and-half, vanilla, canela, condensed milk, pumpkin-pie mix and salt in a large bowl. Mix until well blended. Carefully pour over the caramel in the flan pan. Put the flan pan inside a deep cake pan and then carefully pour hot water in the cake pan (Baño de María). Bake for about 45 minutes until the custard is set. Let it cool on the counter and refrigerate for at least 4 hours before serving. To serve, carefully run a knife around the edge of the flan to loosen it. Carefully and quickly, ‘flip’ over the flan unto a nice serving dish or even a pie plate. Polvorones (Delicious cookies) 50 - 1" cookies 2 cups flour, sifted 2/3 cup sugar ½ cup vegetable oil 1 egg at room temperature 1 tsp. vanilla extract 1 tsp. almond extract 2 tbsps butter, softened pinch of salt powdered sugar Blend sugar slowly into the oil. Add the egg, extracts, butter and salt, and blend thoroughly. Blend the flour in, slowly and thoroughly. Roll the resulting dough into 1-inch balls and place in an ungreased cookie sheet, flattening each ball slightly with the palm of your hand. Bake in a preheated oven at 350 degrees Fahrenheit for 10 minutes. Roll in powdered sugar while still warm. ARROZ JUNTO Rice and Beans casserole. In a caldero cook ½ pound of bacon until crispy. Remove the cooked bacon and chop into small pieces. In the bacon fat stir-fry ½ cup of sofrito for a couple of minutes or so. Add the cooked bacon. Add 1 can tomato sauce, 1can pinto beans, 1 can measure of raw rice, and 2 cans beef or chicken broth. Stir well. Add enough water or broth to cover rice 1½ inches above rice line. Let it boil on high until water evaporates. Cover and cook over low heat for about 30 minutes. EL BORICUA OVEMBER 2009 Nuestra Música PAGE 10 With hits (just to mention a few) like "Plástico", which describes the way a young couple behaves in the eyes of a wealthy society; "Siembra", about the attitude that Latin Americans should have in order to make a better future; and "Pedro Navaja", which narrates the story of a criminal predator walking on the streets of downtown New York, this recording was ensured to be a success. A new style was introduced: Longer than usual songs, being Pedro Navaja the longest ever recorded and from which other producers took the idea of running a theatrical play with the same name. In fact, the song Pedro Navaja has the record in sales for a single tune in this Latin music genre. After playing this album once, rest assured that you will find yourself trying to memorize all its songs (like I did!). Album: Siembra Artist: Willie Colón/Rubén Blades Release Date: 1978 Review by: Alberto González Puerto Rican star Willie Colón with singer-writer Rubén Blades, were brilliant again in their second album together, Siembra (Sow). Considering how talented this artist-pair is, and how good their first album "Metiendo Mano" was, it was not hard to expect that they would come up with something good again. But, this production went beyond just "good". It has the special attribute of being the number one in sales in the history of Salsa music. All tunes, but one (Ojos, by another Puerto Rican, Johnny Ortiz), were written by Blades with his usual ability of creating short stories about social issues and converting them into songs. Colón, as always, put his "High Quality Seal" by playing trombone, arranging, directing and producing the album. Colón's orchestra with its strong trombone-flavored sound, excellent piano-bass harmonic foundation, and top of the line percussion, always ensures that Latin music fans have their expectations well satisfied. *Willie Colón was born in South Bronx, descending from a Puerto Rican family. He has been one of the most influent and active promoters of Puerto Rican music and traditions. He started his own band while being a teenager and recorded many albums with another Puerto Rican star, from Ponce (the southern pearl), Héctor LaVoe. Also, he recorded excellent albums with artists like Celia Cruz, Soledad Bravo, and Mon Rivera (King of Trabalenguas). In his last album with LaVoe, "The Good, The Bad, The Ugly" (1975), he had Rubén Blades singing one song (written by Blades) "El Cazangero". Right after that, in 1976, Blades became Colón's new singer and colleague. In addition to his life-long musical contribution, Willie has also been a political activist in New York. * Alberto González lives in Illinois, works in Spanish & ESL education and provides services in Spanish-English translation. Graduated from the Inter American University of Puerto Rico and also attended the Music Conservatory of Puerto Rico The English version of ‘Cocine Conmigo’ by Dora Romano, a well known name in Puerto Rican cooking. Rice and Beans and Tasty Things is an essential source of traditional as well as contemporary recipes. This book includes over 350 recipes and has a comprehensive glossary and indexes. Cook with Doña Dora. Recipes include Empanadillas de Jueyes, Pasteles de Yuca, Sopa de Ajos, Fricasé de Pollo, Ropa Vieja, Dulce de Grosellas, Dulce de Mamey, and many others. The most important traditional recipes are included and many other new style Puerto Rican recipes as well. This makes a great gift anytime of the year.
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