Read April Bulletin - Orchid Club of South Australia Inc.

Published by The Orchid Club of South Australia Inc.
APRIL 2015
Established 1939
Web Site:
Print Post Approved 100004775
Registrar’s Choice: Lc. Aloha Case ‘Ching Hua’
Grown By: Graeme & Maureen Hazledine
Neil Christoph†
Enid Brooking
H C England†
Ted Chance
Bernie Hansen†
Marjorie Chance
Rex Thompson†
Eric Furness†
Syd Monkhouse
Cyril Clifford†
John Lewis
Don Nesbitt
Mick Chenoweth†
Sally White
Merv Strout†
Richard Fishlock
Colin Jennings
Bob Collins†
Merv Donhardt†
Reg Faulkner
Russell Schultz†
Pat Faulkner
Harry Lambert
Peter Hills
John Harris
Coralie Hills
Kath Harris†
Judy Penny
Barbara Clayton
David Harmer
Lorraine Cottle
Pat Harmer
Myrnie Jennings
Russell Job†
Nick Packard†
Edda Viskic
Margaret Hewitt
Gordon Hewitt†
Shirley Monkhouse
Murray Baulderstone†
Don Gallagher
Leo Micenko
Kel Staples
John Gay
Allan Sullivan†
Bev Gay
Bill White†
Iain Kilpatrick
Roy Hargreaves†
Ron Yates
Reg Shooter
† Denotes Deceased
Notes for APRIL 2015
Next OCSA Judges Meeting: - 11th May - 7.30 at Valley View Secondary School
Regional Judging Panel: - 13th April - 7.30pm at Pultney Grammar School.
Judges Roster for APRIL 2015
R. Yates (L)
P. Rankin
W. Lodge
J. McRedmond(R)
S. Howard (L)
L. Nesbitt
K. Minne
P. Haltis (R)
G. Hazledine
R. Rankin
R. Crowhurst
R. Riggs
J. Lampard
L. Fenton
S. Zerbe
April 2015
The Official Bulletin of The Orchid Club of S.A. Inc.
Patron: Mrs. Lan Le
Management Committee
Des Bettcher
Edda Viskic
Graham Hein
1A Holbrook’s Road,
G.P.O. Box 730
566 Milne Road
Flinders Park SA 5025
Adelaide SA 5001
Banksia Park SA 5091
Ph (08) 8340 0580
Ph (08) 8389 8402
Ph (08) 8396 1989
[email protected]
[email protected]
Senior Vice President
Junior Vice President
Registrar of Judges
Graham Hein (VP)
Trevor Camac
Graham Zerbe
Ph (08) 8396 1989
Ph (08) 8396 4414
Ph (08) 8263 3879
Show Marshal
Day Group Coordinator
Trevor Camac
Pat Harmer
David Harmer
Ph (08) 8396 4414
Ph (08) 8250 0718
Ph (08) 8250 0718
Social Events Coordinator:
Edda Viskic Ph 8389 8402
Trevor Camac
Trevor Garard
Wendy Lodge
Ph 8396 4414
Ph 8382 2130
Ph 8264 5874
John Dunn
8387 9688
Editors Contact for Copy: [email protected] or 8250 0718
The opinions expressed by authors do not necessarily reflect the views of the Editor or
the Committee of The Orchid Club of South Australia Inc.
Digital image by Grant Allen & Peter Dutton
COPYRIGHT: All contributions to this Bulletin which have acknowledged authors are
automatically covered by copyright. We believe that most authors would be willing to
allow free use of articles if written approval is sought from them through the Secretary
of the club.
Life Members
Subscriptions for 2015
Notes & Judging Roster
Orchid Bark for Members
President’s Message
The Orchid Conservation Coalition
April Meeting Speaker
Aggregate Points for 2014
April Day Group Speaker
Woodville High School
March Day Group Report
Plant Collector
Cultural Observations for April
Orchid Perfume & Pollinators
From the Assistant Registrar
Monthly Floral Results
What Caught the Judges Eye
Festival Photographic Competition
Festival of Flowers Details
10 Classified Advertisements
Table Top Displays
12 SA Orchid Club Contacts Details
Photographic Competition
12 Coming Events Program
April 2015
Hi everyone – I am wondering how your rainwater is
holding out after the longest summer dry spell in 35
years. I guess it depends upon exactly where your orchids
are housed. My tanks may last for another two weeks and
then I will be forced to use mains water. And spare a
thought for all those people who used all their water
supplies fighting the recent fires in the Adelaide Hills.
While we are looking for an end to our dry spell other
locations around Australia are hoping for the opposite.
And at this time our thoughts reach out to those overseas
where storms, wind and rain have devastated their homes and their country and left them
with no water.
Along with the drier weather we have also had a season with lower extremes in the
scorching Summer season. I hope this has left your orchids in better condition than other
years and look forward to some fabulous floral presentations this year.
Many thanks to Graham Zerbe for his presentation about “Preparing Orchids for Shows”
at the OCSA March evening meeting. This was one of the most complete explanations
I have heard about preparing plants for shows. Graham’s formula detailed not just tying,
staking and cleaning but a 12 month approach to producing better quality blooms. Well
done Graham.
Our daytime presenter Iain Kilpatrick discussed “Orchids I have Grown”. Iain is an
entertaining speaker with a wealth of orchid knowledge which I am sure was enjoyed
by all who attended. I would also like to thank Ron Yates who offered to help run the
meeting due to Pat Harmer's recent injuries.
A special cheerio to Pat after her recent fall, after all, the boot is usually on the other
foot and Pat is providing the bright sparks which brightens member's lives.
This month prepare to be entertained by Jane Higgs talk about “Ecuador Orchids” at
our evening meeting. Jane's presentations on South American orchids are always
exciting. And don't forget the OCSA day meeting when Graham Reece will be talking
about “Kangaroo Island Produce”. Graham provides an enlightening program which
usually ends with some Kangaroo Island produce for sale. so don't forget to bring along
a few extra dollars.
The “Festival of Flowers” is not far away - 10th-12th April at St. Pauls College Gilles
Plains. This new venue will provide a different environment and opportunity to expose
a new community to the delights of orchids. Best of luck to all members who have plants
available on this weekend.
I look forward to seeing you at the next meeting.
Des Bettcher – President
April 2015
Our April Guest Speaker will be Jane Higgs. Jane is an
accomplished AOC Judge and an excellent orchid grower.
Jane has travelled to many renowned orchid areas around the
world. Do not miss this opportunity to hear Jane’s presentation
On the ‘Ecuador Orchids’
Our next meeting will be held in the Clearview Hall, Clearview Crescent, Clearview on
Friday 10th April from 2 – 4pm. Our guest speaker will be Graham Reece speaking on
Kangaroo Island Produce.
Graham will have many different items all produced on Kangaroo Island for sale so if
you would like to buy some exceptional items such as honey, cheese, lavender and many
more different items you may have to raid that ‘piggy bank’ again.
If you have never been to K.I. then may I say what a wonderful place it is, we have been
many times and look forward to going more and always coming home with wonderful
Pat Harmer –Day Group Speaker Coordinator
The 21 members who attended the meeting were thoroughly entertained with a
presentation from Iain Kilpatrick ‘Orchids he has Grown’. Iain showed some stunning
images of different genera which he has grown over the last 40 years of his life with
orchids. I could hear lots of ‘Ooh’s and Aah’s’ from the members as Iain showed many
of the past and present very popular and Champion orchids. Thank you Iain for a very
entertaining afternoon.
Details of the Festival of Flowers on the 11th & 12th April were given together with the
next BBQ at Bunning’s on the 2nd May
We had many beautiful orchids on display and Ron and David gave us their usual expert
commentary. I must say a very big thank you to Betty and Don Swartz who organised
the afternoon tea for me.
Unfortunately my recent bad fall resulted in a broken leg which made me a lot less
active that I would like to be. Also thank you to the many other members who helped
in any way to make the afternoon enjoyable.
My members never cease to amaze me with their generosity and loyalty to our Day
Group and I admire you all greatly.
April 2015
Pat Harmer – Day Group Co-ordinator
Autumn is still a growth time in the orchid house except unlike
spring where many of our plants are commencing growth we are
now at maturity for many. The days still remain warm and the
humidity increases but the colder evenings remind us that winter
is not far away. Many of our plants will mature this month, some
in readiness for flowering in the next month or so and others that
will go into a rest phase until the lengthening days of spring stir them into action. An
important factor for these flowering and resting plants is a general reduction in water
and increase in light.
This means we remove additional shading provided to combat the fierce summer sun,
raise our plants off the ground and provide cover to keep out the cold winter rain. Some
orchids can handle exposure to winter rain without too much trouble with the humble
Cymbidiums and Zygopetalums not requiring much protection from the elements of
winter unless they are in spike when some supplementary cover would be advantageous.
However, there are some orchids that will certainly struggle, if not die when confronted
with single digit minimums and wet roots over winter. Many of our Cattleyas,
Oncidiums and even the hot/cold Dendrobiums have a distinct dislike to these
conditions and whilst won’t kill the plant, it will turn their roots into a brown/green
soggy mess. Come spring the poor old plant has to start all over again and direct energies
to grow new roots at the expense of the new growth. This is a common cause of that
orchid you grow that gets smaller every year.
Most of our terrestrials will be up and away this month and even the first Pterostylis
from the Caluline group will be in flower. Increase watering gradually and pull out
small weeds as they appear. Make sure toppings remain in place and watch out for any
erosion of the pots caused by rain dripping from above.
Native Dendrobiums will all start to show signs of spring flowers as the flowering nodes
split open later this month. If you have a few hot/cold hybrids then you, like me, will be
looking at the first early flowers already. I love the hot/cold hybrids.
The flowers are larger, certainly more colourful and best of all they last a long time
compared to the spring natives. Treat like your normal native epiphytes except kept a
bit drier over winter and hang them when they get to flowering size and you will have
good success. Watering in April can still be weekly for your Australian native epiphytes
and keep feeding them as well. I do give them some liquid potash this time of year as
well as some liquid dolomite to sweeten the mix.
Given some of my natives spend a long time in their pots after awhile the mixes break
down and become acidic and the dolomite helps neutralise this acidity.
When fertilizing your orchids water first and then a little later on the same day or the
next you can fertilize. Feeding a dry plant is not usually recommended as the fertilizer
can damage roots. Keep an eye out for aphids and looper caterpillars this month. There
are still plenty of plants in new growth and the tender new leaves are great bug tucker.
These same leaves are susceptible to fungal problems from now as well.
April 2015
Warmth and increasing humidity are key factors in the development of fungal problems
this month. A precautionary fungicide treatment about now and a morning watering
plan as opposed to a late afternoon will keep these problems to a minimum.
April should see those with a few Zygopetalums in their collections looking at a forest
of spikes emerging from new growths. Don’t let them dry out, keep protected with a
fungicide now and follow the morning watering ritual.
Throw a few snail pellets in each pot as well. Feeding wise should be one that is high
potash based. This has two benefits. Improves the flower colour but also aids in the
strengthening of the plants leaves cell walls which in turn gives more protection against
fungal attack which will become more prevalent once the rains start.
I let my Oncidiums tell me what they are up to. If they have green tips then they still
require moisture and feeding. Some will seal off later this month as they enter their
resting stage and these will be kept drier.
I find the varicosum type, those ones with the big yellow skirts follow this trend and
will suffer root loss if kept wet over winter. Knowing the plants origins are a distinct
advantage. Oncidiums for example can grow in deserts, humid jungles and high up in
the mountains. That’s a huge variance in temperature, humidity, light and even seasonal
factors. This means you cannot say keep all Oncidiums dry over winter. Sure, that
applies to some but not all. This is where some reading up of the species involved is
required to work out how they need to be cultivated.
This year our autumn flowering Laeliinae group have been earlier than normal, possibly
spurred on by a cooler than normal January plus that week of rain and humidity. Once
flowering has finished they will appreciate a rest but for now keep moist and fed with
potash based feed. Some even sprout new roots now to absorb some moisture and
nutrition prior to dormancy. If this is the case keep watering. If the roots seal then start
reducing it. Spring flowering plants will be in active growth heading towards maturity
as well. These usually require protection over winter and slightly warmer temperatures
to perform well. Feeding would still be along the lines of high potassium. Again, the
plants roots are a giveaway as to what the plant requires. Green or red tips indicate they
are growing, sealed tips mean they are resting or a slug got you!
April will bring out the usual tribe of nasties. Ensure a regular snail baiting plan is now
underway. Inspect any other non orchid plants in your shade house if you have any. I
had a few cannas sneak in from outside. They grew well, almost too well with some
reaching the roof. They also were a great attractant for mealy bugs. 100’s of them. I
checked my ground cover of native violets and baby’s tears. The native violets were
covered in two spotted mites and there were loopers in the baby’s tears. The cannas are
now gone, as are the native violets. The baby’s tears were spayed but they stay. They
soften the shade house and provide humidity for me. The price is a few nasties will also
call it home. I learnt my lesson last year to get on top of nasties early and the importance
of keeping seasonal records but the native violet and canna problem was a surprise.
Live and learn. I thought my shade house was OK but far from it. It goes to prove that
vigilance is required and how things can get out of hand but also proves that a look here
and there, especially in those hard to get places is warranted.
Steve Howard
April 2015
Before doing our plant commentaries for the night, I had the pleasure of presenting to
Graeme and Maureen Hazledine firstly with a laminated photograph of their plant that
won plant of the night at our December meeting at Enfield, being Cym. canaliculatum.
Interestingly enough, the plant also won the Popular Vote competition, which took place
at our February meeting here in Kilburn. The picture of the plant was this time presented
in a beautiful wooden frame with a glass front and the photograph had been enlarged to
fit the frame. Congratulations again, Graeme and Maureen for being the winners of the
Plant numbers were down this month, with only 7 plants listed on the recording sheets
for each division, there were a few more plants on the benches, but only 21 were
recorded. There were a few members away, and maybe this accounted for the low count
of plants. The plants that were on the bench were all very well grown, showing that our
members are doing quite well with their growing despite what Mother Nature throws
our way with the weather.
Flower of Open Division and Registrars Choice: Commentary for this Division was
given by Judge Steve Howard. He stated that the reason that the Panel singled out as
best the plant of Cattleya [Lc.] Aloha Case ‘Ching Hua’ belonging to Graeme and
Maureen Hazledine, was due to its excellent presentation and clear colours. The plant
had a single flower, grown in a bark and diatomite mix, and its parentage was C. (Mini
Purple x walkeriana). The flower is quite large for what it is, and a testament to good
culture. Steve indicated to members that the flower had arisen from a growth, and not
apically as would normally be expected, although there is evidence this has happened
before, (this is a C. walkeriana trait). The Hazledines grow this plant in an intermediate
glasshouse that has air-conditioning in summer and a heater in the winter on
Thermo/control (min. 10 degrees, max. 32 degrees). They use misters under the
benches in summer, as well as a ceiling fan plus 2 other fans. The plants get watered
every 3 days in the summer, every 4-5 days in the winter, with fertilizing every second
watering using HSO Fertilizer 22 or Campbell’s Yellow. The plant also had quite an
aerial root system. Many orchids in the Laeliinae family do flower better when part of
the root system is this way.
Flower of First Division:
Judge Wendy Lodge spoke for her panel, saying that they
picked Cattlianthe (Ctt.) Valentine Day ‘Suzie’ grown by
Rito and Rosetta Silvestri as plant of the division as the
two tall inflorescences with 10 and 12 waxy looking dark
pink/purple flowers were quite outstanding. It is a
crossing of C. Intermediette and Ctt. Chocolate Drop.
As many growers may (or not) be aware, it includes ¼ C.
intermedia, ¼ C. guttata, ¼ C. aurantiaca and the last ¼
has 3 other species Cattleyas in the background. The
April 2015
flower shape comes from 2 of the species (being C. intermedia and C. guttata), with the
rich colour and shape of the labellum also from C. guttata. It was a very well grown
plant with typical cluster type flower arrangement, and the size of the canes gradually
getting taller and taller each progressive year.
Rito grows this hybrid cool, above his Cymbidiums outside. He waters it 3 times a day
for 3 minutes to cool on really hot days, and fertilizes every two weeks using his special
mix. The potting medium is pine bark, using a mixture of 5ml, 10ml. and 20ml. bark.
This plant was worthy of winning flower of the division.
Flower of Second Division:
Graeme Hazledine did the commentary for this division
and the winning plant was Brassocatanthe Hawaiian
Treat grown by Kate Wadwell, a student from Woodville
High School Orchid group.
Graeme described a lovely spike of a bright orange
Laeliinae cluster, with 8 flowers, all in good condition.
The labellum was also orange, but had very fine dark red
The plant was grown in a 180mm pot with medium bark
and styrene beads, and is a crossing of Bc. Richard
Mueller and Ctt. Trick or Treat. The species in the plant are predominately C. milleri,
B. nodosa, C. cinnabarina and Gurianthe aurantiaca. The Brassavola nodosa give the
spotting on the labellum.
It was pleasing to find that the winner came from one of our High School groups.
Culture notes came from Allan Stewart (for Kate), who mentioned that the plant is
grown cool, in medium bark and is fertilized with Strike Back for Orchids.
Thanks Allan, for that information. We look forward to seeing more plants coming to
meetings from all the students participating in the Orchids in Schools programme.
Assistant Registrar, Wendy Lodge.
Open Division
Ron Yates.
Plant: Sartylis Bravehart.
Grower: Edda Viskic.
Comment: I have seen this plant on several
occasions at monthly meetings and shows and I always
find it an eye-catching orchid.
Not only are the flowers attractive but the nature of the
plant is pleasing. This intergeneric hybrid of
Rhynchostylis gigantea and Sarcochilus Fitzhart
displays the best features of both parents.
April 2015
Edda’s plant carried a single inflorescence with approx. 25 rounded and beautifully spotted
flowers. All of the flowers were fresh with no evidence of the progressive nature evident in
Sarcochilus sp.
The plant was growing in a mixture of diatomite and bark contained in a rather large pot,
but was growing strongly. I congratulate Edda for continuing with the orchids she and
Russell enjoyed so much.
First Division:
Judge: Rayne Riggs
Plant:: Cym. dayanum (4N x self)
Grower: Graham Hein
Comments: The plant which I have chosen is a species,
under 60mm seedling of Cym. dayanum. It had 4 short
inflorescences, with 1 inflorescence having 4 flowers, the
2nd and 3rd inflorescences had 5 flowers on each, and the 4th
inflorescence only had 3 flowers. The petals were white with
maroon/brown or purple stripes. The lip is mostly purple or
maroon, with a yellow band which is wider at the base, with
white striping, especially on the side lobes of the labellum. It
is growing in a 125mm pot as it is such a small plant, and the potting medium is mostly bark
and perlite.
It is a sympodial epiphyte (sometimes terrestrial) with clustered grass-like leaf growth. The
fragrant blooms were quite a good size for a seedling. It is mostly grown in tropical Asia, and
it has also been awarded 15 times. Congratulations, Graham, for bringing in your plant for the
members to appreciate.
Second Division:
Associate Judge: Judy McRedmond
Plant: Bct. Empress Worsley ‘Roman Holiday”
Grower: Ray & Monika Rogers
Comments: This eye catching plant had 3inflorescences
with a total of 7 flowers. The flowers were white with mauve
shading extending to purple spotting on the sepals and
Whilst there are many species in the breeding of this plant, it
appears that the most influence is from Brassovola nodosa,
which contributes the white colouring and the beautiful
trumpet shaped labellum.
This is a plant that every grower would be proud of to have in their collection. Thank you,
Monika, for bringing this plant in for appreciation
2015 Festival of Flowers/ Autumn Show Details
April 2015
The Festival of Flowers & OCSA Autumn show will be held at St Paul’s College, 792
Grand Junction Road Gilles Plains on Saturday 11th & Sunday 12th April 2015.
Put In: On Friday 10th of April between 4.00pm & 6.30pm. Entry will be available via
Blacks Road Gate No 4 into the college quadrangle for unloading on Friday 10th and
for loading after 4.00pm on Sunday 12th. All vehicles then must be removed to the
designated college car parks.
No vehicles are permitted to be parked within the college grounds.
Judging will begin at 6.30pm.
Parking will be available in the college car park during the show on the 11th& 12th April.
Parking is not permitted in the College grounds other than the general car parks.
Parking is NOT permitted in the general school quadrangle except for loading and
unloading. Blacks Road gate No 4 is then strictly for emergency use only.
Foliage Plants:
These can be brought in with your orchids, make sure that your exhibitor’s number is
on all pots. Please bring in as many as you can.
Plants and Labeling:
Your plants should be presented ready for exhibition. Please ensure that the correct label
for your Division is attached to each plant, displaying the plant name and your exhibitor
number on the label.
Take Out:
Take out will occur after 4.00pm on Sunday 12th April 2015.
Exhibits must not be removed from the show before this time without with the approval
of the Show Marshall. All plants must be removed, if a member is unable to remove
their plants and wish to have another person pick them up please notify the Show
Marshall before take out.
Show Schedules:
These will be available for members at the April club meeting.
Show Helpers:
If you can assist with the running of the show, on the BBQ, Plant sales stall or help out in
the kitchen your help will be very much appreciated. Please contact the show marshal
Trevor Camac if you are able to assist.
AOC Award Judging:
If you have a plant for an AOC award then this can be arranged by phoning Roger
Rankin on 8182 2702 at least 48 hours before the commencement of show
judging.(6.30pm) on Friday 10th of April.
OCSA Award:
This can be arranged by notifying Graham Zerbe (Ph No 8263 3879) at least 48 hours
(before Put In) on Friday 10th of April.
Trading Table: Bring your plants through the side entrance of the hall after 4.00pm
on Friday 10th of April and check them in with the trading table helpers.
Ensure all labels and dockets are fully and correctly filled in, otherwise plants may not
be accepted for sale, present your sale plants in the condition you would want if you
were buying the plant.
April 2015
Growers please note: - Plants suspected of being infected with virus, disease or
insect infestation will not be eligible for competition and such plants will be asked
to be removed from the show.
An admission fee of $3.00 will be charged for entry. Entry doors will be open from
10.00am until 4.00pm on both Saturday 11th & Sunday 12th April 2015
Light refreshments will be available for the duration of the show.
Trevor Camac- Festival of Flowers Show Marshall
This will be an Open Section for any member to participate and will have prize money
and a ribbon the same as other sections of the show. You will also be able to place your
best orchid(s) in your table-top display and it will be judged in the normal genera section
of the show provided you have your Division plant label with your show number placed
on the plant.
This label will be disregarded by the display judges when judging the aesthetics of the
display. The following are the Rules for entry.
Displays are to be benched on a FLAT board exactly 500 mm. Square.
Members are to supply their own card table or the Show Marshall will provide a normal
trestle on which to bench the displays so that they are all uniform in size.
The tables will be covered with white paper (supplied) and no other covering is to be
used. The board must be covered with the display items; however nothing used in the
display is allowed to spill over and touch the table.
From 1 to 7 potted orchid plants can only be used. Height is not stipulated but it should
be in proportion to the rest of the display.
Living greenery (potted or placed on the board) can be used, but NO OTHER
FLOWERING PLANTS besides orchids are allowed.
Accessories are allowed and could include pebbles, mini garden ornaments, gum nuts,
pine needles, baby tears, moss, lichen, tiny statues, etc; Plants to be included for judging
in their orchid classes must have the usual Division exhibit label attached;
It is not necessary to own the orchids used, however they cannot be included for judging
in their individual sections unless you have owned them for six months prior to the
The Festival of Flowers to be held at St Paul’s College, Gilles Plains on Saturday 11th
to Sunday 12th April 2015 will include a photographic competition open to all members
of Clubs and Societies participating in the Festival.
Entries must be received by the Competition Organizer by 4.30pm on Friday 10th April,
or earlier if possible. The display will be set up between 4.30 and 6.00pm on the 10th
April. If necessary, entries will be displayed in clear ‘sheet protector’ covers and then
pin mounted on carpet covered dividers. The winner will receive $40, the runner-up $20
both will receive a certificate.
April 2015
The subject matter shall be of any images of any flora, or any botanical image
pertaining to the participating Clubs/Societies
of which the exhibitor is a member.
Each exhibitor may submit no more than 6 entries. If there is likely to be
uncertainty the exhibitor is asked to indicate the top of the photo.
Entries shall be no larger than A4, shall not be framed but may be mounted.
Entries may be laminated, in which case any A4 photo entry will be slightly larger
than A4, and will be mounted by pins through the lamination clear of the photo.
On the back of each photo, exhibitors shall list their name and the Society of
which they are a member.
While all care will be taken with entries, The Festival Committee cannot be held
responsible for any damage or loss to competition entries.
An experienced or professional photographer will carry out the judging and the
judge’s decision is final.
Exhibitors shall remove all entries at the close of the Festival, namely 4.00pm
on the 12th April. If an exhibitor is not present at the time remaining entries will
be removed by the Competition Organiser and given to a member or
representative nominated on the back of the photo for later return.
Personal lodgement:
St Paul’s College
Grand Junction Road, Gilles Plains
By 4.30pm on Friday April 10th 2015
Competition Organiser: Iain Kilpatrick
For those members who haven’t paid their 2015 membership renewal.
It is now overdue. If you haven’t received a reminder slip in your
Bulletin this month, your membership is up-to-date. Subscriptions for
2015 will be:
Family $35
Joint $30
Single $25
Payment may be made by post or to the Treasurer’s Desk at the next
Monthly Meeting.
Thanking you.
Graham Hein - Treasurer
April 2015
Don’t forget that the club has orchid bark available in 50 litre bags
in sizes 5/8 mini, 10mm, 15mm and 20mm.
The cost is $20 per bag payable directly to the Treasurer Graham
Hein. The bark is stored at the home of Wendy Lodge, 4 Narelle
Court, Hope Valley, phone 8264 5874.
It is a requirement that you phone Wendy to arrange for your pick
to verify that there is someone home.
A second pick up site is located at T & R Garard’s home, 150
Brodie Road, Morphett Vale, phone 8382 2130. Once again a phone call is required to
ensure availability and that someone is home.
The Orchid Conservation Coalition’s structure is unique for a non-profit organisation.
It does not take contributions or distribute money itself. The member organizations in
the coalition give directly towards orchid conservation. There is no fee to participate in
the OCC. There are no board members. There are no decisions to be made because the
organization is structured around agreements, and no money coming in to account for.
No money means any need to incorporate. No donations accepted means no tax status.
The OCC was structured this way to eliminate cost and to direct energy and money
directly to orchid conservation.
The Orchid Conservation Coalition is a coalition of orchid societies, businesses, and
non profit conservation organizations. The keyword is coalition.
The coalition revolves around a set of agreements which are opting in or opt out. For
orchid societies and small businesses these agreements are in good faith.
All the decision making is left to the boards of participating orchid societies and the
small business owners. For large businesses, the agreement is a legally binding
agreement. For non profit conservation organizations the agreement is good faith with
the understanding that the organization will be transparent with the funds received
through 1% for Orchid Conservation and update participants with their progress.
The Orchid Conservation Coalition does not have a physical space beyond its internet
Current Participants
Orchid Societies: San Francisco Orchid Society, Orchid Species Society of Western
Australia, New Hampshire Orchid Society, Bucks County Orchid Society, Slipper
Orchid Alliance, Native Orchid Conference, Boulder Orchid Society, Orchid Society of
Southern California, Illinois Orchid Society, Orchid Growers' Guild, Portland Orchid
Society, Denver Orchid Society, Spokane Orchid Society, and the Greater Cincinnati
Orchid Society.
Businesses: Orchid Seed Bank Project, The Calypso Orchid Company, and Spangle
Creek Labs.
Orchids as a Flagship Species for Conservation
April 2015
Orchids are a good flagship species for habitat preservation because they are one of the
largest groups of plants on earth with about 25,000 species.
They are found on all continents, except for Antarctica. Orchids are niche habitat
players and are often found in unique habitats. They are "canaries in a coal mine" for
the health of such habitats.
The general public has a degree of fascination for orchids. The flashiness of orchids
helps to protect habitat of less "flashy" but equally endangered species that share the
same habitat.
The OCC is a non-profit coalition started in August, 2005. The original members were
of the Orchid Seed Bank Project and the San Francisco Orchid Society.
The Species Society of Western Australia joined shortly thereafter in 2005.
Nesbitt Orchids
J & B Gay
R Job & E Viskic
I & R Kilpatrick
Nesbitt Orchids
J & B Gay
Nesbitt Orchids
R Job & E Viskic
J & B Gay
R Job & E Viskic
R & Parish
R Job & E Viskic
Nesbitt Orchids
J & B Gay
R & R Parish
R Job & E Viskic
Nesbitt Orchids
Nesbitt Orchids
G & M Hazledine
S Saunders
R & I Parish
R Job & E Viskic
R Job & E Viskic
R & I Parish
I & R Kilpatrick
R Job & E Viskic
Nesbitt Orchids
Other genera
G Hein
K Kopicki
Hills Family
T & G Camac
R & M Rogers
E Nesbitt
G Hein
R & R Silvestri
A & M Sim
D Bagwell
Willunga H.S.
R Riggs
G Hein
C & L Heysen
R Crowhurst
A Stewart
Mt Barker H.S.
T & G Camac
Woodville H.S.
A Stewart
T & G Camac
R & M Rogers
Willunga H.S.
Woodville H.S.
A Stewart
J Romeo
A Stewart
R & R Silvestri
G Hein
W & M Lodge
C & L Heysen
R & J McRedmond
J Argent & A Jeffries
K Kopicki
R & R Silvestri
W & M Lodge
K Kopicki
G Hein
R & J McRedmond
C & L Heysen
W & M Lodge
K Kopicki
C & L Heysen
G Hein
R & R Silvestri
Woodville H.S.
P Haltis
April 2015
Annual Totals
R Job & E Viskic 137 G Hein
Nesbitt Orchids 118 C & L Heysen
R & I Parish
95 R & R Silvestri
W Thomas
T & G Camac
D Bagwell
A Stewart
Woodville Orchid Club students for the year 2015, consist of eleven students attending
ranging from year eight to year twelve students. So far we have taken them through
plant re-potting and clean up of plants, shade house maintenance, and a general rundown
of plants and groupings that they will be working on throughout the year, in the hope
that they will be able to place some in monthly meetings and shows such as the Festival
of Flowers.
Allan Steward – Woodville High Mentor
April 2015
Friedrich Carl Lehmann (1850-1903) collected orchids and
other plants in Colombia and Ecuador over a period of almost
three decades from 1876.
He was by profession a commercial plant collector, and also
eventually a land-owner, a mine-owner and German Consul
in Colombia. His extensive preserved collections of
herbarium specimens and illustrations of the plants that he
collected form one of the most significant archives of the
plants of the northern Andes. The main target of his planthunting was orchids, and the most important collection of his
preserved plants is now held in the Herbarium at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. His
specimens are also to be found in a dozen other major herbaria in Europe and North
America. He collected many living plants, especially orchids, originally for the nursery
firm of Stuart Low of Messrs Hugh Low & Co. of Upper Clapton, London, and for
Frederick Sander of Messrs Sander & Sons of St Albans. He also painted many of the
plants that he collected, and his iconography is now in the Archives of the Royal Botanic
Gardens, Kew, where almost 1000 paintings are deposited. Small numbers of his
paintings are also to be found at the Natural History Museums in London and Vienna.
Lehmann was born in Platkow, Germany on 27th December 1850 in humble
circumstances, the eldest son in a large family. He received elementary schooling before
being apprenticed as a gardener in Germany. He arrived in the New World in 1876 to
collect plants for the Low nursery of Upper Clapton, London, then the leading English
nursery specializing in orchids and other tropical plants. His earliest recorded
collections of both living and dried specimens were made in Ecuador in 1876.
Herbarium specimens of his collections were sent to H. G. Reichenbach, the eminent
German orchid specialist in Hamburg, who identified and named them, describing many
new species based on his collections. At about the same time or a little later, Lehmann
engaged Eduard Ortgies, the Superintendent of the Zürich Botanic Garden as his agent,
selling plants to private growers in Europe. Ortgies offered some consignments of
orchids for sale through Stevens’s auction rooms in Covent Garden. Lehmann’s arrival
in South America presented him with several problems. He did not know the country
nor had he any previous collecting experience. He also had rivals with a great deal more
experience than himself. Also in the field at this time were Gustave Wallis, William
Boxall, John Carder, Chesterton, Eduard André, Benedict Roezl and his nephews
Eduard and Franz Klaboch. Of these, only Boxall was collecting for Low. Lehmann’s
own correspondence to Messrs Low & Co. from the period has disappeared but the
letters of Eduard and Franz Klaboch to Frederick Sander survive and provide a vivid
insight into Lehmann’s strategy. He decided to stick like a limpet to the brothers and to
collect from their choice localities. Of course, they were aware of his strategy and
motives but, in the small community of ex patriot collectors, they were unable to keep
their movements secret for long. Lehmann either anticipated their moves or dogged their
steps. Sometime after 1880, Lehmann married Sra Maria Josefa de Mosquera, a lady
from a prominent family who held estates in and around Popayan, Cauca province,
Colombia. From that time, he settled in Popayan, using it as a base from which to launch
his subsequent explorations. His wife inherited property in Popayan and a country estate
April 2015
nearby in Cauca Province which Lehmann improved and managed. Gold was found on
land owned by his wife’s family soon afterwards Lehmann consequently acquired
considerable skills as a geologist and prospector. He certainly had long-standing
interests in mining in Colombia. Documents in the possession of his family suggest that
he was involved in the sale of a mine to a company based in New York but retained an
interest in it. Indeed, he was visiting a mine he managed beside the Rio Timbiqui when
he was so tragically killed.
In 1880 Lehmann visited Europe to enhance his business connections, especially those
with Low and other orchid nurseries. At the time, orchids were rapidly becoming the
most popular of all plants for cultivation by royalty, the landed gentry and wealthy
businessmen throughout Europe, but especially in England. Lehmann went to Germany
and England, visiting botanists, nurserymen and private growers, making many new
contacts. He resumed plant collecting in the Andes in June 1880, following his return
from Europe. The first plant he collected on his return was a palm, in July 1880, in
Colombia. His first sequentially numbered Andean orchid collection was an un-named
species growing on a mangrove and his second a Vanilla. His illustration of the latter is
his first recorded orchid painting. From 1880 he divided his efforts between the English
nurseries of Low and Sander, both of whom he had met in London. His relationship
with Low deteriorated and by 1882 was almost finished. Eduard Klaboch met Lehmann
at Coban in Guatemala in April 1882 and related to Sander his opinion on Lehmann’s
relationship with Low.
Of course, Klaboch was no friend of Lehmann and certainly sought to harm any budding
relationship that he had with Sander. Lehmann collected thereafter for his private clients
and also for the Liverpool Horticultural Company, another nursery specializing in wildcollected orchids. A letter of 6 May 1893 to Henry Ridley succinctly describes the end
of the latter relationship and some of Lehmann’s current problems Lehmann relied upon
taxonomic botanists to name and describe his collections, essential if he was to obtain
the best prices for his many discoveries. However, the botanists had conflicting
priorities and seldom were able to keep up with Lehmann’s prodigious rate of collection
of novelties. Needless to say, his relationships with his botanical contacts were often as
stormy as those he had with nurserymen.
Undoubtedly, Heinrich Gustav Reichenbach (1824-1889) the acknowledged orchid
authority of the day who had assumed the mantle held by John Lindley on the latter’s
death in 1865, was the botanist who most influenced Lehmann. Lehmann held an
implicit belief in the ability and integrity of Reichenbach, that is, until Reichenbach’s
death, when the provisions of his eccentricity produced a stunned reaction amongst all
those who had known and collaborated with him.
Most orchid flowers have a scent or are perfumed. Of course, they are not scented to
please us but the scent is designed to attract pollinators, whose attentions ultimately lead
to fertilization and seed production. The vast majority of orchid flowers are pollinated
by insects; however, a few non-scented orchid flowers are pollinated by humming birds
and sunbirds during their search for nectar.
April 2015
In the book The Scent of Orchids (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1993), Roman Kaiser classifies
orchids into various groups, based upon the nature of their pollinators. The mothpollinated, night-scented group of orchids, predominantly from Africa and Madagascar,
give off scents reminiscent of jasmine, honeysuckle, tuberose and gardenia, which are
released predominantly in the evening and at night. Most of these flowers are white,
providing an additional visual guide for the moths. About 8% of all orchids are believed
to be moth-pollinated. Angraecum sesquipedale is probably the best known, being
pollinated by a hawk moth with a proboscis over 300mm long, as postulated by Charles
Darwin in the nineteenth century. But certain American orchids, also with white
flowers, such as Brassavola species, are also moth pollinated.
In contrast to these sweet-smelling orchids, there are fly-pollinated orchid flowers,
mostly red or brown in colour, whose scent can resemble the smell of rotting flesh.
Many Bulbophyllums, especially those in the section Cirrhopetalum, are of this type.
The prime example is the evil-smelling Bulbophyllum robustum of Papua New Guinea.
Bee-pollinated orchids produce a wide range of scents, resembling those of the rose,
violet, lily-of-the valley, hyacinth and sweet pea. The honey bees, and presumably most
other bees, have a different sensitivity to colour than humans; in they cannot perceive
the colour red but can see ultraviolet light, which is invisible to us. There are a few beepollinated red flowers but all of these flowers also reflect ultraviolet light, which makes
them visible to bees. Many orchid flowers have ultraviolet guide lines that direct bees
to the nectar-producing glands concealed within the corolla tube, where the pollinia and
stigma are also located. Most bee-pollinated flowers rely solely on attracting the bees
by their perfume and leave the business of pollen transfer to and from the pollinator to
But others have a more specific mechanism; for example European terrestrial orchids
of the genus Ophrys, whose perfume closely resembles the sex attractant of certain
female bees. Pollen is transferred from one flower to another when a male bee attempts
to mate with a succession of flowers, whose labellum closely resembles a female bee in
shape, colour and scent.
Butterfly-pollinated flowers are less common but most of us are familiar with the prime
example, Disa uniflora, from South Africa. The pollinia of this species, being among
the largest of all orchids, need quite a large pollinator to carry them from flower to
Most bird-pollinated flowers are red or orange, because birds are more sensitive to this
end of the visible spectrum. They are also scentless, because birds have almost no sense
of smell. Some species of the American genera Masdevallia, Cattleya, Epidendrum,
Cochlioda, Comparettia and Laelia are pollinated by humming birds. In PNG and
Malaysia many Dendrobiums are pollinated by sunbirds. However, bees and other
insects are the main pollinators of orchids, only 3% being pollinated by birds.
An amazing facet of orchid pollination is that in some cases a particular orchid species
is pollinated by only a single insect species. In other words, each of these orchids has
its own pollinator, thus ensuring that no cross-pollination with related orchid species
occurs. But that's another remarkable system of protection by nature.
April 2015
Cattleya Aloha Case ‘Ching Hua’ grown by Graeme & Maureen Hazledine
Cattlianthe Valentine Day ‘Suzie’ grown by Rito & Rosetta Silvestri
Brassocatanthe Hawaiian Treat grown by Kate Wadwell, (WOHS)
Laeliinae – Hybrid Cluster Type
1. Epi. Pacific Roumers
Graeme & Maureen Hazledine
Laeliinae - Species
1. Psh. radiata
Edda Viskic
Laeliinae – Standard Shape Hybrid over 100mm
1. C. [Lc.] Aloha Case 'Ching Hua'
Graeme & Maureen Hazledine
Oncidiinae Hybrid over 60mm
1. Milt. Goodale Moir 'Golden Wonder'
Garard Bros. Orchids
Paphiopedilum – Non-Standard Shape Hybrid
1. Paph. Millmanii
Graeme & Maureen Hazledine
Other Genera – Hybrid not listed elsewhere
1. V. Sansai Blue
Edda Viskic
2. Phrag. Cardinale
Edda Viskic
3. Phal. Unknown 'Stage Girl'
Edda Viskic
Cymbidium – under 60mm Species
1. Cym. dayanum (4N x self)
Graham Hein
Laeliinae – Hybrid Cluster Type
1. Ctt. [C.] Valentine Day 'Suzie'
Rito & Rosetta Silvestri
2. Ctt. Bactia 'Grapewax'
Graham Hein
Laeliinae - Species
1. C. loddigessii
Rito & Rosetta Silvestri
2. C. pumila 'Ally'
Kris Kopicki
Laeliinae – Standard Shape Hybrid under 100mm
1. C. [Lc.] Mari’s Song
Rito & Rosetta Silvestri
Oncidiinae Hybrid over 60mm
1. Milt. Goodale Moir 'Golden Wonder'
Rito & Rosetta Silvestri
Orchid Seedling (Any Genera)
1. Cym. dayanum 4N x self
Graham Hein
Orchid Specimen (Any Genera)
1. Milt. Goodale Moir 'Golden Wonder'
Rito & Rosetta Silvestri
Cymbidium – under 60mm Predominantly Yellow/Green
1. Cym. Zig-Zag ‘Kiwi’
Daphne Bagwell
April 2015
Laeliinae – Hybrid Cluster Type
1. Bct. [Blc.] Hawaiian Treat
Kate Wadwell (WOHS)
2. Ctt. [C.] (Meadii x. amethystoglossa)
Rayne Riggs
3. Epi. (Double Delight x Joseph Glow)
Valley View Sec. School
Laeliinae – Non-Standard Shape Hybrid
1. Rlc. [Blc.] Buttercup x Bc. Richard Mueller
Amy Simpkin (WOHS)
Laeliinae – Standard Shape Hybrid under 100mm
1. C. [Lc.] Burgundy Gem 'Arcadia'
Ray & Monika Rogers
Oncidiinae – Species
1. Milt. spectabilis
Ray & Monika Rogers
With your plant Labels
Grower Number Crossing
Epi. (Sun Valley x Pacific Sizzle) Epi. Pacific Roumers
The Royal Adelaide Show September 4th – 13th 2015
Supporters of OCSA, The Festival of Flowers
& Orchids in Schools Program
Manufacturers of your fertilising needs for gardens,
April 2015
potted plants
& orchids
Miles Harper – Club Solicitor
Can help your legal transactions
Wills and Estates are a speciality
First interview FREE for OCSA members
262 – 266 Pirie Street, Adelaide, SA 5000
Ph: 7100 5458 Email: [email protected]
Adelaide Digital
Your OCSA Preferred Printer for Best Quality and Consistency
Ph: (08)8349 9511
Email: [email protected]
weathersafe™ shades
20 Bennet Avenue, Melrose Park
Ph: 8276 1111
Your Supplier of Shade-cloth, Shade Sails and Fixtures
An OCSA Preferred Supplier of all your orchid needs
Unit 3, 6 McGowan Street, Pooraka
Phone: 8349 7300
April 2015
An OCSA Preferred Supplier of your Potting & Horticultural Needs
PHONE: 8389 3295
EMAIL: [email protected]
April 2015
Cymbidium Orchid Club of S.A.
Secretary: Graham Morris
Email: [email protected]
Gawler Districts Orchid Club
Secretary: Murray Page
Ph. (08) 8250 0689
PO Box 32, Gawler, SA 5118
Millicent Orchid Society
Secretary: Robert Wood
Ph. (08) 8723 2953
c/o 37 Wehl Street North Mount Gambier
Sth. Aust. 5290
Mount Gambier Orchid Society
Secretary: Robert Wood
Ph. (08) 8723 2953
c/o 37 Wehl Street North Mount Gambier
Sth. Aust. 5290
Murray Bridge & Districts Orchid Club
Secretary: Wendy Schmerl
Mobile. 0435 909 246
PO Box 652,
Murray Bridge, SA 5253
Native Orchid Society of S.A.
Secretary: John Bartram
Ph. (08) 8331 3541
PO Box 565,
Unley, SA 5061
Northern & Eastern Districts Orchid
Secretary: Ms. Eleanor Mathews
Ph. (08) 8362 5511
1/71-73 Phillis Street, Maylands, SA 5069
Whyalla Orchid Club
Secretary: Brian Noble
Email: [email protected]
Port Lincoln Orchid Club
Secretary: Meg Coleman
Ph. (08) 8682 1463
PO Box 1335
Port Lincoln S.A. 5606
Port Pirie & Districts Orchid Club
Secretary: Roxanne Cattermole
Pirie S.A. 5540
Email : kevycatt08&
Riverland Orchid Society
Secretary: Marianne Lynch
Ph. (08) 8588 7384
PO Box 746,
Berri, S.A. 5343
South Australian Orchidaceous Society
Secretary: Trevor Jacob
Ph. (08) 8346 6155
PO Box 161,
Brooklyn Park S.A. 5032
South Coast Orchid Club of S.A.
Secretary: Lucy Spear
Ph. (08) 8381 4420
6 David Street, H
Happy Valley, S.A. 5159
Sunraysia Orchid Club
Secretary: Diane Cavanagh
Ph. (03) 5025 7305
PO Box 1818
Mildura Vic. 3502
Port Augusta Orchid Club
Secretary: Kendall Jones
Ph. (08) 8641 3220
PO Box 1752
Port. Augusta SA 5700
April 2015
The Orchid Club of South Australia Inc.
Kilburn Hall
49 LeHunte Street
Program for 2015
2nd April
7th May
4th June
Jane Higgs
Roger Herraman
Steven Stebbing
Ecuador Orchids
USA Cymbidium Shows
Orchids in Australia
Clearview Hall
11 Clearview Cres.
10 April 2015
8th May
12th June
Graham Reece
Maureen Hazledine
Kangaroo Island Produce
Preparing plants for Shows
11th – 12th April 2015
Festival of Flowers St. Pauls College Gilles Plains
11th & 12th July 2015
Winter Show
2 May 2018
4th to 13th September 2015
Enfield Community Centre
Bunning’s Warehouse Woodville
RA&HS Show
26th & 27th September 2015 Spring Show
7 November 2015
Sarcochilus Dinner
Wayville Show Grounds
Enfield Community Centre
Enfield Community Centre
A Member of the Australian Orchid Council Inc.
April 2015