Beyond - PAP Rashidah Sa`adatul Bolkiah Institute of Health Sciences

PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth Sciences Newsletter
Universiti Brunei Darussalam
exams ..............................
Research Focus—
Specialist palliative care for
advanced cancer patients
Diabetes awareness
campaign .........................
(ealthcare Symposium ...
USM forges ties with )(S
)(S holds faculty retreat
Sesi Muzakarah Kementerian Pendidikan bersama ahli-ahli Majlis Mesyuarat Negara
MMN bagi tahun
, pada Rabu Feb
Upcoming events ............
President’s )nternational Medal
of the Royal College of General
Practitioners awarded to Dean
General Practitioners from Southeast Asia sat for
MRCGP [)nternational] examinations at the PAPRSB )(S
)n recognition for her commitment
towards achieving Brunei s high goals in
primary health care, the Dean of
PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth Sciences, Dr
(jh Maslina binti (aji Mohsin, was also
President s
)nternational Medal of the Royal College
of General Practitioners. We have
practitioners in Brunei over a short
period of time , she elucidated. )
obtained the award but it is recognition
for all the team members who are very
committed. )t s the spirit of us being
general practitioners in profession – we
are like a family and we should keep that
to achieve our goals in primary health
care .
Our mission is excellency in primary care - we are not an organisation that looks ater doctors, we are an
organisation that looks ater patients by making sure doctors are good, Dr Mary Lowth, International
Development Advisor rom the Royal College of General Practitioners, London
Award of the Membership of
the Royal College of General
Practitioners MRCGP
PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth Sciences, Universiti
To ensure irst-rate quality and high standards,
Brunei Darussalam UBD , in collaboration with
PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth Sciences works closely
with the RCGP in London.
Our mission is
Membership of the Royal College of General
excellency in primary care – we are not an
organisation that looks after doctors, we are an
Examinations. The exam, which was held on the
organisation that looks after patients by making
th and
th of November
, is the leading
sure the doctors are good,
Dr Mary Lowth,
The award of the Membership of the
worldwide standard assessment for primary health
)nternational Development Advisor from the Royal
Royal College of General Practitioners
care physicians and has been developed to serve as
College, explained. Brunei enjoys close ties with
MRCGP has long been established and
a postgraduate qualiication in Primary Care to
the RCGP, where the Chancellor of UBD, (is
recognised as a leading worldwide
ensure high level of competency in clinical care of
Majesty Sultan (aji (assanal Bolkiah Mu izzaddin
standard of assessment for Primary care
patients, indicated by scientiic knowledge, clinical
Waddaulah, Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei
physicians. )n response to overwhelming
skills, attitudes, values and leadership qualities.
Darussalam, received the award of the Companion
requests from family doctors
of the College in January
in recognition of his
(aving been granted oicial status as the (ost
longstanding support for primary health care,
[)nternational] has been designed to
Examining Body from the Royal College of General
primary health care education and training in
relect local practice. Brunei is the irst
Practitioners RCGP in the United Kindgom UK ,
Brunei Darussalam.
country in the South East Asian region
Brunei is the irst country in the South East Asian
to be granted the (ost Examining Body
region to develop this international qualiication in
status from the RCGP UK in
The aim of the examination is to ensure
high level of competency in clinical care
of patients, indicated by scientiic
values and leadership qualities.
to promote recognition of family medicine as
This year, the )nternational Development Advisor,
Dr Mary Lowth, was accompanied with
a specialty, where UBD is Southeast Asia s only
development assessors – Dr Sue Rendel and Dr
certiied institution to conduct this examination.
Paul (ughes, from the RCGP in London, who are
The setting up of this examination in Brunei was
here to assess the accreditation process of the
assisted and ofered by the RCGP UK , which has
examinations held in Brunei. ) am very impressed
been designed to relect local practice and is run
with the incredible organisation of the exams. )
on an annual basis since then. This year, a total of
would like to congratulate the organisers and
candidates sat for the Part Applied Knowledge
doctors who put in maximum eforts in the
Test and
sat for the Clinical Skills Assessment
examination, from local and international sites.
preparation and implementation of exams. ) must
say Brunei is the best ) ve seen in my many years of
being an external examiner , Dr Paul (ughes
Clinical Examinations
PACES held at the PAPRSB )nstitute of
(ealth Sciences
Membership of the Royal
Colleges of Physicians
develops and delivers
examinations that are recognised
benchmarks of medical knowledge
and clinical skills.
PACES Examination team
Federation of Royal Colleges of
PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth Sciences, Universiti Brunei Darussalam recently organised the
second diet of the MRCP UK Part
Clinical Examinations PACES in collaboration with
Ministry of (ealth from st December until
rd December
is accountable to the
. The internationally
accredited exams are designed to test the clinical knowledge and skills of doctors aiming to
enter higher specialist training in the ield of internal medicine. The clinical examination sets
rigorous standards to ensure that doctors are competent across a range of skills and ready
to provide a high standard of care to patients.
Physicians of the United Kingdom.
The Federation sets internationally
acknowledged standards in medicine,
building on a proud tradition of
professional excellence, established
over centuries by British physicians.
Federation is a
The Royal College of Physicians
of Edinburgh
The Royal College of Physicians
and Surgeons of Glasgow
The Royal College of Physicians
of London
develops and delivers
examinations for practicing medical
Pre-examination brieing by lead of PACES
physicians that are recognised around
the world as quality benchmarks of
The clinical skills rooms located in the PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth Sciences, UBD represent a
medical knowledge and clinical skills,
feasible set-up for the implementation of the clinical examinations. The chair of the Royal
and this is the irst time Brunei has
College examiners from UK, Dr Gordon Birnie, was accompanied with three examiners -
been privileged to be host for the
Professor Awais Bokhari, Dr Bill MacNee and Dr John Wilson. Forty-ive international
exams. The next diet will be held in
candidates from Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Pakistan
sat for the clinical exam in the second diet. The Royal College examiners applauded the
biannual basis at the PAPRSB )nstitute
excellent teamwork skills exhibited between the doctors of the Ministry of (ealth, led by
of (ealth Sciences, Universiti Brunei
Dato Seri Laila Jasa Dr (j Muhammad Arif bin Abdullah, and )nstitute of (ealth Sciences, led
by Dr (jh (ashmet Parveen to ensure the smooth running of the examinations.
and will be conducted on a
Staf Proile
Asmah (ussaini
Research Focus: The exploration of specialist palliative
care for advanced cancer patients in Brunei Darussalam
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in
published in the BMJ Supportive and Palliative
Brunei Darussalam. Evidence have shown that
care /Suppl_ /
% of people being treated for cancer
A . .short
eventually do not respond to active treatment.
(ajah Asmah (aji (usaini joined UBD as
a lecturer Nursing in PAPRSB )(S in
, when the PAPRSB College of
Nursing merged with the )nstitute of
Medicine in UBD to form the PAPRSB
)nstitute of (ealth Sciences.
(ajah Asmah completed a Bachelor of
Nursing in Adult Nursing from Cardif
University in
. She continued her
studies with a MSc in Nursing Studies at
Cardif University the following year at
Cardif University. She is currently in her
third year of PhD programme at the
Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing
& Midwifery, King s College London
UK under the )n- service Training
She is due to complete her studies and
rejoin the )nstitute at the end of
She aims to carry out more studies
involving health care services and
education in Brunei Darussalam as the
focus of her research career in UBD. She
is interested in carrying out research in
nursing education, palliative and end of
cultural studies and
rehabilitation and aging.
Specialist palliative care is practiced in many
The indings of this metaethnography had
global health care settings, including in Brunei
provided with a clear direction for her to
Darussalam and it includes attending to
proceed to the next stage of her study where
advanced cancer patient s end of life care
she used an Embedded multiple ethnographic
needs. This specialty is rooted in the modern
case study design to explore the system of
hospice movement in the United Kingdom in
specialist palliative care provided in Brunei
This Western model is used in
Darussalam and the care experience of
many Western-based countries such as the
6 s.
patients with advanced cancer and their
United States of America and Australia.
families. Currently she is analysing the data
Eventually, starting from the late
that she gathered from
s many
cases of advanced
non-Western countries within the South East
cancer patients,
Asian region including Singapore and Malaysia
patients and their main family carers, and
started using the model as well. Brunei
health care professionals who are working in
Darussalam has its irst palliative consultant in
the Brunei Muara district using a thematic
and a palliative care team consisting of
the palliative consultant
in depth interviews with
framework analysis .
and a
palliative care nurse was established in
The outcome of this study will provide an
There are no existing studies that explore the
important contribution to the literature in
efectiveness of
specialist palliative care
health care in Brunei Darussalam and evidence
provided to advanced cancer patients and their
resulted from it can be used to discuss the
families in Brunei or the impact of this model
needs for modifying the model of palliative
on the health care professionals involved in
care, training needs and ongoing research and
providing palliative care.
evaluation in the area of palliative care in
Brunei Darussalam.
Nurses have greater ratio to doctors in many
health care settings including the palliative and
cancer care in Brunei Darussalam. This
implicates the important role of nurses in the
provision of palliative care to advanced cancer
patients and their family. As part of her PhD
project, (ajah Asmah has carried out a
metaethnography that resulted in a conceptual
framework that explains the role of nurses in
providing palliative care to advanced cancer
patients in
based on evidence found in
studies carried out mainly in the United
Kingdom, Australia and USA. (er indings was
presented in the
th Palliative Congress in
England in March
and the abstract was
PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth Sciences Student )nitiative for Diabetes
An awareness campaign like this is important for communities and while I m aware of its pervasiveness in
Brunei, many others are not, Hj Awg Marali Hj Ahmad, Kampong Kapok Village Chief
Four third year medical students from the PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth
Kapok Village Consultative Council
Sciences, UBD organised a campaign at the home of the Kampong
Awareness Campaign at the house of (j Marali (j Ahmad.
to hold the Diabetes
Kapok Village Chief to help raise awareness of the dangers of diabetes.
With the help of several trained volunteers from UBD, the students
provided a free health screening for those who participated in the
campaign to check their Body Mass )ndex BM) , their blood pressure
and their blood glucose level. The students also organised a Zumba
session for the participants and a cooking competition led by (ers
Kitchen Cooking Class with the added emphasis on healthy cooking.
Attending the event was the Advisor of MPK Kampung Kapok Dr (j
Abd (amit (j Musa along with more than
other residents of the
village and members of the community.
A resident going through the health screen ofered by the medical
This community project is conducted as part of the SSM3 Special Study
incorporated into the 3rd year of the B(Sc
One of the medical students, Azirah Abdul Wahab said in her opening
remarks that diabetes is the third leading cause of death in the
Sultanate, among non-communicable diseases, after cardiovascular
diseases and cancer. The reason we have organised this awareness
campaign is to educate the community how to detect the early signs of
diabetes, so that it can be prevented and be identiied in its early
stages, she said.
Azirah Abd Wahab along with her peers Aifah Amirah (akimah (j
Shazli, Md Adib Aiman (j Abd Rahman and Tan Shi Ying had
undertaken their own initiative by collaborating with the Kampung
programme. Participants during the cooking competition.
What is (igh Fidelity ManikinBased Simulation?
)n a simulated clinical setting using high
idelity simulators, the simulator is
programmed to replicate the behaviours
and symptoms of the patient in that
given scenario. There are cascade of
events and clinical manifestation
programmed. The events unfold
according to the pre-programmed script
unknown to the learner, usually
challenges the learner s ability to
respond. Therefore the learners are
expected to identify, plan and give
The environment is also set as real as
possible which include the use of
medical equipment such as intravenous
infusion, oxygen, cardiac monitor and
others relevance to the given scenario.
Real health professionals and/or trained
actors perform the roles on a multidisciplinary team and family members
are also used depending on the
objective of learning. )t is not only to
increase the realism of the scenario but
also its complexity.
The simulation activity has three phases,
namely, brieing, simulation-in-action
and debrieing. Brieing mainly involve
giving orientation to the simulation
environment, the equipment and
importantly the scenario. The scenario is
only a brief statement and will not
disclose what the learner should do. The
simulation-in-action is the theater of
simulation .
demonstrate their knowledge, skill and
attitude toward the given scenario.
Beside this core components, learners
are also expected to demonstrate their
communication between the team
members, decision making, leadership,
teamwork, team coordination and more.
To end the simulation activity, facilitated
debrieing will take place. Arguably this
is the phase in which most learning take
place through relecting learners
performance during the simulation-inaction.
(ealthcare Simulation Symposium held at the PAPRSB
)nstitute of (ealth Sciences
Advancing Education and Practice through Technology.
HealthCare Simulation Symposium
PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth Sciences, Universiti Brunei
Darussalam UBD in partnership with McQuipp
Technisell Marketing Sdn Bhd and Asterix United Sdn
Bhd. organized a (ealthcare Simulation Symposium
on th January
at the extension building of the
PAPRSB )(S, UBD. The one day symposium s theme is
Advancing Education and Practice through Technology.
The healthcare simulation symposium is the irst of its
kind hosted by the institute celebrating the completed
establishment of the simulation center SimCentre of
the institute which is now in full operation. This
SimCentre has allowed the utilization of high idelity
manikins not only for students learning but also to
collaborate with the stakeholders workforce to
improve practice via simulation.
PAPRSB )(S, has adopted simulation-based learning
using (igh Fidelity Manikins as an added teaching and
learning pedagogy in the recent years. With the
recently opened PAPRSB )(S Extension Building,
SimCentre was established and equipped with (igh
Fidelity simulators such as MetiMan, SimMan G,
SimMum, SimJunior, PediSim, iStan and (SP .
Overall the entire scenario would last
between - minutes depending on its Therefore through this symposium it aims to achieve
complexity, learning objective and also the following objectives, which are to:
level of learners.
 Disseminate health care simulation information
and its advancement in education and practice
)ncrease visibility of health care simulation and
the PAPRSB )(S SimCentre
Develop and enhance collaboration between
PAPRSB, )nstitute of (ealth Sciences )(S with
stakeholders in health simulation matters.
The keynote address was delivered by Dr Chaoyan
Dong, a medical Education Specialist who is also the
assistant director at the Medical Education Unit of the
Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University
of Singapore. )n addition to this, other symposium
topics were presented by the facilitators within the
SimCentre team from )(S. The Guest of (onour for
the opening ceremony is the Dean of PAPRSB )(S, Dr
(jh Maslina Binti (j Mohsin.
Three workshops were conducted to cover three
diferent ranges of clinical scenarios, one for advanced
cardiac life support ACLS , one obstetric women in
labor scenario and one for pediatric children case
This symposium attracted more than
from all relevant health care personnel or interested
parties in simulation activities.
The symposium
secretariat committee has received encouraging
support from Jerudong Park Medical Centre JPMC ,
Ministry of (ealth MO( , Ministry of Defense MOD ,
Brunei Liqueied Natural Gas Company BLNG and
also )(S s own teaching stafs and students who
registered for the symposium.
Delegates from Universiti Sains Malaysia visit the PAPRSB )(S to
forge international collaboration
st January
, )(S received a team of academics from the School of (ealth Sciences PPSK from Universiti Sains Malaysia
USM , including the Dean of PPSK, Professor Ahmad bin (j Zakaria and Deputy Dean of Academic, Professor Pim Chau Dam. The
aim of the visit was to forge a mutual and strong relationship between PPSK and the )(S, and explore collaborative opportunities
in various ields. Amongst the topics for discussion were the potential signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between the
two faculties, as well as programme and research collaborations between staf of both faculties. Potential areas for programme
collaborations include student exchange for Discovery Year, as well as the possibility of developing and running a new
collaborative programme, such as dual degree programmes. Potential areas identiied for research opportunities between the
two faculties include research in microbial agents, particularly for infectious diseases endemic to both countries such as Dengue
fever, herbal medicines and therapies for obesity, cancer and anti-microbial agents, development of tools for diagnosis of
diseases as well as the development of tools for public health research. The meeting was deemed to be fruitful by both parties.
Discovery Year opportunities for nursing and biomedical students from the )(S at the USM have now been expanded to new
areas such as forensic science and nutrition and dietatics. There is also a potential continuation of global classroom hosted by
public health academicians in the USM for the Masters of Public (ealth students in the )(S.
PAPRSB )(S holds annual Faculty Retreat
On th February
, )(S organised the annual faculty retreat in a seminar room at the )(S Extension building. During the
retreat session, the Dean of the Faculty shared with faculty members about the future directions of UBD for the year
, after
relecting on the achievements of the )nstitute in the past ive years. Workshops were then conducted by facilitators consisting
of the Assistant Vice-Chancellor Research and )nnovation Professor David Koh Soo Quee on how to improve research output
by faculty in the university, while the Assistant Vice-Chancellor Academic Afairs Associate Professor Dr Ayub Sadiq @Lin Naing
on how faculty can further develop and excel in innovative teaching, Finally, the Director of the Oice of Planning and
Development, Dr Zaw Wint gave a presentation on QS vs T(S University s Ranking System. All faculty members were present to
contribute in the workshops and were supportive of UBD s future direction towards achieving UBD s Vision
Upcoming events
The Pengiran Anak Puteri
Rashidah Sa’datul Bolkiah
PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth
Since its inauguration in September
, UBD s PAP Rashidah Sa adatul
Bolkiah )nstitute of (ealth Sciences has
expanded beyond solely providing
medical training. Graduate Programmes
such as MSc in Primary (ealth Care,
Master of Public (ealth, and Masters
and PhD by Research as well as
Undergraduate Programmes across
four main disciplines – Medicine,
Biomedical Sciences, Nursing and
Midwifery are now ofered. We ensure
the )nstitute remains relevant and
sensitive to the rapidly changing needs
of the country. Our programmes are
products of a continuous review of our
curricula, and indeed, all our
diplomas have recently undergone
major enhancements and are now also
designed to encourage innovation and
entrepreneurship, and for students to
assume leadership roles, tempered with
a keen awareness of the environment.
PAPRSB Institute of Health Sciences
Universiti Brunei Darussalam
Jalan Tungku Link, BE
Brunei Darussalam
Please visit th%
M)B for more information
[email protected]
You may freely distribute copies of this
newsletter and information about the
PAPRSB )nstitute of (ealth Sciences to
any interested parties.
Dk Dr Nurolaini Pg (j Mohd Kili
Dr Adi )dris
Dr )hsan Nazurah Zulkipli
(jh Asmah (j (usani
(asnan (j Abd Kahan
Muhd Khairulamin Abdullah
UBD Discover team