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2015 The 4th International Conference on Manufacturing Engineering and
Process (ICMEP 2015)
2015 The 7th International Conference on Computer Engineering and
Technology (ICCET 2015)
2015 International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation Science
(ICMAS 2015)
*ICMEP 2015 conference papers will be published in Applied Mechanics and Materials
Journal (ISSN: 1660-9336), which will not be available on conference site, and will be
delivered to authors‟ address after conference.
*ICCET 2015 conference papers are selected to be published in several journals, due to
the publication schedule, only a few papers will be published before the conference,
most paper are scheduled to be published after the conference, we wil post your journal
to your address when it published.
*ICMAS 2015 conference papers are selected and will get published in Applied
Mechanics and Materials Journal (ISSN: 1660-9336), which will not be available on
conference site, and will be delivered to authors‟ address after conference.
We are pleased to welcome you to the 2015 SCIEI Paris, France conferecnes, which will
takes place at ibis Styles Paris Bercy from April 13-14, 2015.
After several rounds review procedure, the program committee accepted those papers to
be published in Journals and conference proceedings. We wish to express our sincere
appreciation to all the individulas who have contribute to ICMEP 2015, ICCET 2015,
ICMAS 2015 conference in various ways. Special thanks are extended to our colleagues
in program committee for their thorough review of all the submissions, which is vital to
the success of the conference, and also to the members in the organizing committee and
the volunteers who had delicated their time and efforts in planning, promoting,
organizing and helping the conference.Last but not least, our speacial thanks goes to
invited keynote speakers as well as all the authors for contributing their latest research
to the conference.
This conference program is highlighed by three keynote speakers: Prof. Alain Bernard,
Ecole Centrale de Nantes, France; Prof. Bale V. Reddy, University of Ontario Institute of
Technology (UOIT), Canada, Prof. Dr. Osman Adiguzel, Firat University, Department of
Physics, Turkey.
One best presentation will be selected from each session, evaluated from: Originality;
Applicability; Technical Merit; PPT; English. The best one will be announced at the end of
each Session, and awarded the certificate over the Dinner. The winners‟ photos will be
updated on SCIEI official website:
Paris, officially known as The City of Romance. The high Eiffel Tower, the colorful streets,
the beautiful river Seine, the glorious palaces, the romantic people, the old history …
Paris is a great place to all people in the world. As the capital of France, Paris is a modern
city with a long and rich history. So many events took place here and there are so many
places for the visitors to have a trip. We hope that your stay in Paris will be enriching and
memorable! The technical program will send you back home motivated, enthusiastic,
and full of innovative ideas.
We wish you a success conference and enjoyable visit in Paris.
Alice Wu
Science and Engineering Institute
International Advisory Committee
Assoc. Prof.You-Jin Park, Chung-Ang University, Korea
Prof Luigi Benedicenti, Software Systems Engineering, Regina, Canada
Prof. Philippe CASTAGLIOLA, Inst. Univ. de Technologie de Nantes, France
Prof. Alain Bernard, Ecole Centrale de Nantes, France
Prof. Joost Duflou, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
Conference Chair
Prof. Bale V. Reddy, University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Canada
Prof. Michel Cotsaftis, LACSC/ECE, Paris, France
Prof. Dr. Osman Adiguzel, Firat University, Department of Physics, Turkey
Program Chair
Prof.MOGNOL Pascal, IRCCyN, Ecole normale supérieure de Rennes, France
Dr.Alexey Vereschaka, Moscow State Technological University STANKIN, Russia
Associate Professor Francisco Ortin, Computer Science Department of the University of
Oviedo Spain, Spain
Associate Professor.Dr.Balan D. George, German-Romanian University of Sibiu, Romania
Pro.Bor-Jang Tsai, Chung Hua University Taiwan
Asst. Prof.Mário S. Ming Kong, University Lisbon, Portugal
Technical Committee
Prof Vladimir Strezov, Macquarie University, Australia
Prof.Ting-Chuen Pong, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
Dr. Santoso Wibowo, Central Queensland University, Australia
Prof. S. E. Oraby, PAAET, Kuwait
Assoc. Prof Kittisak Kerdprasop, Suranaree University of Technology, Thailand
Prof.Mehmet Savsar, Kuwait University, Kuwait
Prof. Yasuhide Mochida, Graduate school of Science & Engineering, Ritsumeikan
University, Japan
Asst. Prof.Sureerat Polsilapa , Kasetsart University, Thailand
Dr. Manish A. Kewalramani, Abu Dhabi University, UAE.
Dr. YIP Mum Wai, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tunku Abdul Rahman
University College, Malaysia
Assoc. Prof Dr.Yusri Yusof, Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering ,
Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia
Dr. Burra.Venkata Durga Kumar, Binary University, Malaysia
Prof Nittaya Kerdprasop, Suranaree University of Technology Thailand
Dr Nazri Kama , Advanced Informatics School, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Prof.Saad M. Darwish, computer science, Alexandria university, Egypt
Asst. Prof. Mahdi Alajmi, College of Technological Studies, PAAET, Kuwait
Assoc. Prof. Supakorn Pukird, Ubon Ratchathani University, Thailand
Dr. Nico Hanenkamp, Freudenberg NOK Sealing Technologies Plymouth/MI/USA
Prof. Renjun PEI, Columbia University, USA
Dr.Shadi Banitaan, North Dakota State University Fargo, ND, USA
Oral Presentations
Timing: a maximum of 15 minutes total, including speaking time and discussion.
Please make sure your presentation is well timed. Please keep in mind that the
program is full and that the speaker after you would like their allocated time
available to them.
You can use CD or USB flash drive (memory stick), and make sure you scanned
viruses in your own computer. Each speaker is required to meet her/his session
chair in the corresponding session rooms 10 minutes before the session starts and
copy the slide file(PPT or PDF) to the computer,
It is suggested that you email a copy of your presentation to your personal inbox as
a backup. If for some reason the files can‟t be accessed from your flash drive, you
will be able to download them to the computer from your email.
Please note that each session room will be equipped with a LCD projector, screen,
point device, microphone, and a laptop with general presentation software such as
Microsoft PowerPoint and Adobe Reader. Please make sure that your files are
compatible and readable with our operation system by using commonly used fronts
and symbols. If you plan to use your own computer, please try the connection and
make sure it works before your presentation.
Movies: If your PowerPoint files contain movies please make sure that they are well
formatted and connected to the main files.
Poster Presentations
Maximum poster size is 36 inches wide by 48 inches high (3 ft. x 4 ft.)
Posters are required to be condensed and attractive. The characters should be large
enough so that they are visible from 1 meter apart.
Please note that during your poster session, the author should stay by your poster
paper to explain and discuss your paper with visiting delegates.
Dress code
Please wearing formal clothes or national characteristics of clothing
Prof. Alain Bernard, Ecole Centrale de Nantes, France
Prof. A. Bernard, 55, graduated in 82, PhD in 89, was associate-Professor,
from 90 to 96 in Centrale Paris. From Sept. 96 to Oct. 01, he was
Professor in CRAN, Nancy I, in the “Integrated Design and Manufacturing”
team. Since 0ct. 01, he has been Professor at Centrale Nantes and Dean
for Research from 07 to 12. He is researcher in IRCCyN laboratory (UMR
CNRS 6597) in the “Systems Engineering –Products-Performances-Perceptions” team.
His research topics are KM, PLM, information system modeling, interoperability, human
safety modeling and evaluation, enterprise modeling, systems performance evaluation,
virtual engineering, additive manufacturing, reverse engineering. He supervised 25 PhD
students, recently on extended enterprise modeling, simulation and performance
evaluation. He published more than 250 papers in refereed international journals, books
and conferences. He is vice-chairman of WG5.1 of IFIP (Global Product Development for
the whole product lifecycle) and chairman of CIRP STC Design.
Prof. Bale V. Reddy, University of Ontario Institute of
Technology (UOIT), Canada
Viswanadha Reddy (B.V. Reddy) is a Professor in Department of
Mechanical Engineering in Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science,
University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT), Oshawa, Ontario,
Canada. Prior to this Dr. Reddy also worked as an Associate Professor in Mechanical
Engineering Department, University of New Brunswick (UNB), Fredericton, Canada. Dr.
Reddy received his MTech and PhD degrees in Mechanical Engineering from IIT,
Kharagpur, India. Dr. Reddy research interests are in the area of advanced and
sustainable energy systems, exergy analysis, energy management, heat transfer, waste
heat recovery and alternative energy sources. Dr. Reddy has led funded research
projects in the area of combustion, energy systems, energy efficiency improvement and
biofuels. Dr. Reddy has published 175 papers in refereed journals and refereed
conference proceedings. He is also involved in the organization of many international
conferences as a conference chair, track chair, organizing committee member, advisory
committee member etc. He has also chaired technical sessions in international
conferences and has delivered keynote and invited presentations in various international
conferences. Dr. Reddy also contributed book chapters along with his research
collaborators in thermodynamics and energy systems area. Dr. Reddy has also received
best professor award for teaching excellence five times both in India (VIT, Vellore) and in
Canada (UNB, Fredericton; UOIT, Oshawa)
Prof. Dr. Osman Adiguzel, Firat University, Department of
Physics, Turkey
Dr Osam Adiguzel was born in 1952, Nigde, Turkey. He graduated from
Department of Physics, Ankara University, Turkey in 1974 and received
PhD- degree from Dicle University, Diyarbakir-Turkey in Solid State
Physics with experimental studies on diffusionless phase transformations
in Ti-Ta alloys in 1980. He studied at Surrey University, Guildford, UK, as a post doctoral
research scientist in 1986-1987, and his studies focused on shape memory alloys. He
worked as research assistant, 1975-80, at Dicle University, Diyarbakir, Turkey. He shifted
to Firat University in 1980, and became professor in 1996, and He has already been
working as professor. He published over 45 papers in international and national journals,
He joined over 60 conferences and symposia in international and national level with
contributions of oral or poster, and He supervised 5 PhD- theses and 3 M.Sc theses.
Dr. Adiguzel served his directorate of Graduate School of Natural and Applied Sciences,
Firat University in 1999-2004. He received a certificate which is being awarded to him
and his experimental group in recognition of significant contribution of 2 patterns to the
Powder Diffraction File – Release 2000. The ICDD (International Centre for Diffraction
Data) also appreciates cooperation of his group and interest in Powder Diffraction File.
Scientific fields of Dr. Adiguzel are as follow: Martensitic phase transformations and
applications to copper-based shape memory alloys, molecular dynamics simulations,
alloy modeling, x-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy.
Apr. 13th | Monday
Registration (Lobby) & PPT copy
Add&Tel: 77 rue de Bercy, 75012 PARIS, FRANCE
*Collecting conference materials
*Delegates will get the certificate at the registration desk.
*The organizer won't provide accommodation, and we suggest
you make an early reservation.
Registration (Lobby)
Apr. 14th 丨 Tuesday | Morning
Room 1
Opening Remarks:
Prof. Bale V. Reddy, University of Ontario Institute of Technology
(UOIT), Canada
Keynote Speech 1:
Prof. Bale V. Reddy, University of Ontario Institute of Technology
(UOIT), Canada
Keynote Speech 2:
Prof. Alain Bernard, Ecole Centrale de Nantes, France
Keynote Speech 3:
Prof. Dr. Osman Adiguzel, Firat University, Department of
Physics, Turkey
Apr. 14th 丨 Tuesday 丨 Afternoon
Room 1
Session 1: 10 presentation
Session 2: 10 presentation
Room 2
Session 3: 10 presentation
Session 4: 10 presentation
Room 3
Session 5: 10 presentation
Session 6: 10 presentation
Venue: Room 1
Time: 8:40am-12:00am
Opening Remarks
Prof. Bale V. Reddy
University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT),
Keynote Speech I
Prof. Bale V. Reddy
University of Ontario Institute of Technology (UOIT),
Keynote Speech II
Prof. Alain Bernard
Ecole Centrale de Nantes, France
Coffee Break & Group Photo
Keynote Speech III
Prof. Dr. Osman Adiguzel
Firat University, Department of Physics, Turkey
*The Group Photo will be updated on the conference webpage and SCIEI official website:
**One best presentation will be selected from each session, the best one will be announced and
awarded the certificate at the end of each session, and the winners’ photos will be updated on
SCIEI official website:
***Best Presentation will be evaluated from: Originality; Applicability; Technical Merit; PPT;
**** Please arrive at the conference room 10 minutes earlier before the session starts, copy your
PPT to the laptop.
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Venue: Room 1
Time: 13:00pm-15:30pm
Performance of Mixed Cellulase-Amylase Immobilized on PSF Membrane Support via Cross-linked with
Glutaraldehyde in Enzymatic Hydrolysis
Dr. Fazlena Hamzah, Nurul Husna Saleh, Nuratiqah Alimin, Shareena Fairuz Abdul Manaf,
Norasmah Mohammed Manshor, Syahman Samsudin and Noorsuhana Mohd Yusof
Faculty of Chemical Engineering,Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
A Cellulase and amylase are important enzymes for hydrolysis of cellulose and starchy material into the
glucose. The performance of the mixed cellulose-amylase immobilized on polysulfone membrane (PSF)
by cross-linked with glutaraldehyde was investigated. PSF membrane consists of 1-methyl-2-pyrolidone
(NMP) as a solvent and using polyvinylpyrolidone (PVP) as an additive was developed. The study
highlighted in the surface structure of PSF membrane, stability of the immobilized enzyme and
reusability of the immobilized enzyme. Morphology studied using FESEM analysis indicated a good
distribution of the pores was formed on the surface of the PSF membrane. The immobilization process
shown no effect on the membrane structure and it was stable to be used as a support in immobilization
process. The optimum operating condition for enzymatic hydrolysis of mixed cellulase-amylase on PSF
membrane was 50°C and pH 5. The maximum glucose produced at the optimum condition was
4.843g/ml. The study also indicated that immobilized mixed cellulase-amylase achieved a maximum
rate of reaction at first recycle of reusable before the rate of reaction decreased rapidly after 5 reusable
hydrolysis cycles.
The Algorithm of Semi-Automatic Thai Spoonerism Words for Tri-Syllable
Suan Sunandha Rajabhat University: SSRU, Bangkok, Thailand
The purposes of this research are to study and develop the algorithm of Thai language spoonerism
words by semi-automatic computer programs, that is to say, in part of data input, syllables are already
separated and in part of spoonerism, the developed algorithm is utilized, which can establish rules and
mechanisms in Thai spoonerism words for Tri-syllables by utilizing analysis in elements of the syllables,
namely cluster consonant, vowel, intonation mark and final consonant. From the study, it is found that
Tri-syllable Thai spoonerism has 2 cases of spoonerism mechanism. In the first case is a crossing
between the first syllable to the third syllable and second case is a crossing between the second syllable
to the third syllable. From the study, the rules and mechanisms in Thai spoonerism word were applied
to develop as Thai spoonerism word software, utilizing PHP program. the software was brought to
conduct a performance test on software execution; it is found that the program performs Tri-syllable
Thai spoonerism correctly or 90% of all words used in the test and found faults on the program at 10%
as the words obtained from spoonerism may not be spelling in conformity with Thai grammar and not
possible to predict the real answer is to look through the tri-syllable, then the answer is because the
two cases depending on the aim of creating a spoonerism it.
Waste identification Diagrams: A case applied in ther footwear Industry
Ms. Levi Guimarã es; Cintya Colares; José Dinis-Carvalho; Marcelo Pereira
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University of Minho – Department of production and systems,Portugal
Abstract.The waste identification diagrams (WID) is a new tool to represent production units with its
different forms of waste, which overcomes some VSM limitations.In this paper the WID is applied on a
production unit of a footwear industry located inthe North of Portugal. The main findings are that WID
representthe current situation of the production system, mainly itsmaterial flows, quantitative
measures for each station(takt time, changeover time, cycle time and WIP), utilization of workers in
value adding and non-value addingactivities, key performance indicators of the system suchas
productivity, resources utilization and throughput time. With this the WID can be an option in terms of
representation of complex production units and in terms of identification ofmore forms of waste.
Ms.HABSAH ALWI , Ku Halim Ku Hamid, Nadira Ikhsan, Suhaiza Hanim Hanipah, Hanafiah
Zainal Abidin
Faculty of Chemical Engineering, UniversitiTeknologi MARA (UiTM) 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor,
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used to treat fever in human body and
veterinary medicine such as drugs, aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen and paracetamol. NSAIDs are a class of
drugs that provides antipyretic effects that is used for fever-reducing agent. Fever is normal condition
that is faced by human body when the blood temperature rises and the heat production in the body
increasing and cause human body weak, fatigue, and headache, warmth, sweating and feeling cold.
However, synthetic drugs have dangerous side effect towards human body if over dosages. Thus,
herbal medicine is found out as an alternative way that can be used to treat fever and relief pain. Some
researcher found that AquilariaSubintegra Spp. contains antipyretic properties that can reduce fever.
The aim for this study is to determine the n-hexane extractionof antipyretic properties from planted
AquilarisSubintegra Spp. dried leaves by using conventional oven. The antipyretics properties are
obtained in different drying temperature 40, 50 and 60°C. As the drying temperature increase, the
retention time will be reduced and the presences of antipyretic properties can be detected.
Ms.HABSAH ALWI, Suhaiza Hanim Hanipah, Mustaqim Zakaria, Istiqamah Subuki, Munawar
Zaman Shahrudin, Abdul Hadi
Faculty of Chemical Engineering, UniversitiTeknologi MARA (UiTM) 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor,
Grafting polymerization by reactive small molecules involves the formation of graft copolymers from a
reaction between polymers and monomers. Monomer units can be propagated onto the polymer
backbone to form a graft structure. In the polymer processing industry, the internal mixer is the most
important piece of machinery. The study used the internal mixer as a reactor to make a reactive process
with the interest in residence time,as the residence time is importance in the chemical reaction. By
increase the residence time, the optimum degree of grafting may be occurred. The objectives of this
study are to increase the knowledge and understanding of the internal mixer process, determine
optimum residence time process variables for grafting LLDPE and study the effect of the residence time
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toward the LLDPE grafting process. Several residence times was choosing for the specified sample, to
study the effect of the residence time which were 60 s, 120 s, 180 s, 240 s, 300 s and 600 s. Degree of
grafting (DOG) was calculated to determine the grafting of LLDPE grafted copolymers and a series of
samples in which degrees of grafting had been determined by chemical titration. Residence time at 300
s produces the optimum DOG of monomer onto polymer. Longer residence time will produce high
degree of grafting but will cause other issues such as increasing in gel content and lower the
mechanical properties of the grafted polymer.
Nanoparticles Stabilized Carbon Dioxide Foams in Sandstone and Limestone Reservoir
Ms.Azlinda binti Azizi, Hazlina Husin, Nurul Aimi Ghazali, Muhammad Kamil Khairudin, Arina
Sauki, Nur Hashimah Alias and Tengku Amran Tengku Mohd
Universiti Teknologi MARA,Malaysia
The use of nanoparticles with carbon dioxide foams has been proposed for enhanced oil recovery due
to their robust chemical stability in harsh environment. The experimental study was performed by using
nanoparticles stabilized carbon dioxide foams to study their recovery of residual oil by varying the
carbon dioxide flow rates on different core samples such as sandstone and limestone. Experimental
setup was divided into two different kinds of experiments which are the injection of carbon dioxide
foams and the injection of nanoparticles assisted carbon dioxide foams in both sandstone and
limestone core samples. For the CO2 foam injection, it was found that limestone has higher oil recovery
than sandstone rock samples with 38.67% recovery and 36.36% recovery for sandstone. With the
nanoparticles assisted injection, the crude oil recovery increased to 41.82% and 45.33% for sandstone
and limestone respectively. Limestone showed the higher porosity reduction at the end of experiment
compared to sandstone with the porosity of 7.56% on limestone and 12.49% on sandstone
respectively. This is due to the nanoparticles strongly absorbed at the limestone surfaces containing
calcite component.
Electric arc furnace dust treatment by the combination of pyro/hydrometallurgical processes
Associat.Pro.Sureerat Polsilapa and Nakarin Sriyowong
Department of Materials Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
This project researched a mechanism of the decomposition of zinc ferrite (ZnFe2O4) to be zinc oxide
(ZnO) and calcium ferrite (Ca2Fe2O5) by using calcium oxide (CaO) from lime as a reducing agent. Zinc
ferrite was mostly found in electric arc furnace dust (EAFD), which is a by product from a steel making
industry. The experiment was simple as following. The EAFD was mixed with lime in mole ratio of zinc
ferrite and calcium oxide at 1:2, 1:3 and 1:4 and then compressed into pellets. Effects of mole ratio,
temperatures and times on the decomposition were studied. The conditions used in these experiments
were 800, 900, 1,000 and 1,100 ºC for 2, 4 and 6 hours. The results showed that the suitable
conditions for the decomposition of zinc ferrite by calcium oxide could be as low as 800 ºC for only 2
hours with mole ratio of zinc ferrite from EAFD and calcium oxide from lime as 1:2. A solubility test was
provided to processed samples at the conditions as 0.1 M hydrochloric acid (HCl) at 50 ºC for 20
minutes. It was found that EAFD from pyrometallurgical treatment could be decomposed to be zinc
oxide and the following by hydrometallurgical treatment could recovery high zinc yield from the
remaining residue. However, EAFD treated by only hydrometallurgical process obtained lower zinc
recovery due to the high stability of zinc ferrite in HCl and most of the solutions.
Lost Circulation Material Characteristics of Apple Skin Powder in Drilling Mud
Ms.Nurul Aimi
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Department Oil and Gas, Universiti Teknologi Mara, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor,
Lost circulation is one of the most troublesome problems encountered in drilling due to uncontrolled
flow of drilling mud into the formation that likely to happen due to ineffective filter cake. The smaller
particles of drilling mud are able to break through into the larger void spaces in the formation which
lead to lost circulation. Hence, fibrous materials in apple skin being identified to be used as lost
circulation material (LCM) in drilling mud to prevent loss of circulation. Mud rheology tests and API filter
press test are performed on the apple skin in drilling mud to find out the potential of fiber in apple skin
to be used as LCM. From the mud rheology test, it was found that the specific gravity does not affected
by the increasing concentration of apple skin and only a slight reduction in pH value to the acidic
condition of the apple skin. As for API filter press test, the additions of apple skin in mud reduced the
mud filtrate and increase the mud cake formation thickness. Apple skin fibers have a potential to be
used as LCM in drilling mud due to the ability in reducing the mud filtrate and increasing the mud cake
thickness that will prevents mud lost circulation problem to happen.
Performance Evaluation of Lightweight Oilwell Cements
Ms.Arina binti Sauki , Muhammad Ilham Juanda, Azlinda Azizi, Mohammad Asadullah, Tengku
Amran Tengku Mohd, Nurul Aimi Ghazali, and Nur Hashimah Alias
Universiti Teknologi MARA, Malaysia
Drilling through depleted zones and weak formation can prove troublesome since the fracture
resistance reduces from its normal boundary [1]. To successfully drill a hole section requires the
selection of a low density cement slurry to prevent loss circulation while not exceeding the fracture
resistance of the formations exposed. Large number of loss circulation will greatly impact the drilling
cost and rig time. This research is focusing on the performance studies of lightweight oilwell cements
using foam and cenosphere as the lightweight agents.
All tests were conducted according to API
Recommended Practice 10B-2. Three performance tests have been conducted such as density test, free
water test and compressive strength test. The comparison was made at different percentage of
lightweight agents e.g. 10, 20, 30 and 40 percent by weight of cement (%BWOC) respectively. The
findings show the performances of formulated foam cement and cenosphere cement are within API
limit. However, foam cement can reduce the density of set cement in about 8% greater than the
cenosphere cement
A Novel Dovetail Joining Method for Planar Panels with Non-Orthogonal Cut Surfaces
research assistant Martin REIS, Heinz Schmiedhofer, Simon Flöry, Florian Rist, Georg Suter
Vienna University of Technology, Treitlstraße 3/1, 1040 Vienna, Austria
The development of complex component assemblies from non-orthogonally oriented panels is
laborious with currently available methods. The reason for this is the lack of integrated solutions in
planning, fabrication and assembly. Thus, applications in architectural design are mostly restricted to
geometrically simple, orthogonal shapes. We present a novel dovetail joining method that aims at
facilitating the realization of polyhedral structures. Dovetail elements as well as panels may be
fabricated using CNC water jet cutting technology. Compared with conventional processes, the
presented method adopts the potential of industrial fabrication strategies and by that increases the
reliability of respective processes while decreasing cost synchronously.
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Venue: Room 1
Time: 16:00pm-18:30pm
New Methods of Mining Technological System‟s Performance Analysis
Assoc. Prof. BALAN GEORGE, Iosif Andras, Nicolae Ilias ,Sorin Radu
Romanian -German University of Sibiu, Romania
The mining production systems, both for underground and open pit extraction consist mainly in a string
of equipment starting with the winning equipment (shearer loader, in case of underground longwall
mining or bucket wheel excavator in case of open pit mining), hauling equipment (armored face
conveyor in longwall mining or the on-board belt conveyor in case of excavators), main conveying
equipment (belt conveyor in both cases), transfer devices, stock pile or bunker feeding equipment. This
system of mainly serially connected elements is characterized by the throughput (overall amount of bulk
coal respectively overburden rock produced), which is dependent on the functioning state of each
involved equipment, and is strongly affected also by the process inherent variability due to the
randomness of the involved processes (e.g. the cutting properties of the rock). In order to model and
simulate such production systems, some probabilistic methods are applied arising from the artificial
intelligence approach, involving unit operations and equipment, as the overall system as a whole,
namely the Monte Carlo simulation, neural networks, fuzzy systems, and the Load Strength Interference
methods. The results obtained are convergent and offer the opportunity for further developments of
their application in the study of mining production systems.
Biocomposite from Acrylonitrile-Butadiene-Styrene Polymer and Kenaf Whole Stem Fibre:Mechanical
Mohd Lufti Mohd Tawil, Dr.Dayang Laila Majid, M. Faizal A. R. and Norkhairunnisa Mazlan
Universiti Putra Malaysia
Mechanical properties of formulated biocomposite between acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS)
polymer and kenaf whole stem (KWS)fibre have been investigated. This work has been done by
alternating the KWSfibre loading with aim to propose the best formulation for preparing
ABS/kenafbiocompositeby referring to its mechanical properties with the addition of processing aid.KWS
fiber loading up from 10% to 50% are considered in this work and evaluated. It was found that by
increasing the KWS fibre loading, the Young‟s and flexural modulus of the ABS/kenafbiocomposite was
subsequently increased too. Interestingly, the biocomposite strength decreased considerably while the
impact strength drops significantly. ABS/kenafbiocomposite with 50% KWSfibre loading (C-50/50) has
showed better performance compared to other formulation. However, a higher fibre loading was not
considered presently as difficulties during compounding process are to be anticipated.
Optical Properties of Front and Second Surface Silver-Based and Molybdenum-Based Mirrors
Ms.Ennaceri Houda, Abdelilah Benyoussef, Ahmed Ennaoui, Asmae Khaldoun
School of Science and Engineering of Al Akhawayn University, Ifrane 53000, Morocco
The solar reflectors used in Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) technologies are either front-surface or
second-surface mirrors.
The advantage of second-surface mirrors over front-surface mirrors is due to
the fact that the reflective layer in second-surface mirrors is covered from the front-side by glass, which
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allows protection against degradation factors and aggressive outdoor conditions.
In this work, front
surface mirrors and second-surface mirrors were prepared based on two reflective layers (Silver and
Molybdenum). A comparison between the optical properties of the two mirrors‟ architectures was
conducted using a Perkin Elmer LAMBDA 950 UV/Vis/NIR Spectrophotometer.
The results show that
first-surface mirrors top-protected with amorphous Aluminum Oxide (1μm thick) layer show a higher
specular reflectance compared to second-surface mirrors, which makes Al2O3-top-protected
front-surface mirrors the best candidate in CSP application. The deposition of the Al2O3 layer was
conducted using the Ion Layer Gas Reaction (Spray-ILGAR) technique, which did not alter the optical
properties of the unprotected mirrors, conserving a high specular reflectance of the Silver-based
first-surface mirrors (94% in the Near Infrared range).
Mobility Investigation of Nanoparticle-Stabilized Carbon Dioxide Foam for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR)
Mr. TENGKU AMRAN TENGKU MOHD, Nur Hashimah Alias, Nurul Aimi Ghazali, Effah Yahya,
Arina Sauki, Azlinda Azizi and Noorsuhana Mohd Yusof
Enhanced oil recovery (EOR) can extend the life of an oil field by providing additional drive mechanism
to the crude oil. The use of carbon dioxide (CO2) in EOR application has shown a good potential, but it
has some weaknesses such as viscous fingering. Viscous fingering problem can be solved by reducing
the CO2 gas mobility, which can be achieved by transforming the CO2 gas into surfactant-stabilized
foam. However, surfactant-stabilized foam is not very stable under harsh reservoir condition, which
could be handled by introducing nanoparticle-stabilized CO2 foam. Thus, this paper aims to investigate
the mobility of nanoparticle-stabilized CO2 foam at varying brine salinity (1 - 4 wt%), concentration of
AOS surfactant (0.01 - 1 wt%) and concentration of nanoparticle (0.05 - 1 wt%). The volumetric phase
ratio was fixed at 8 CO2/aqueous. The sand pack foam flooding test was conducted to measure the
effectiveness of the formulated foam to displace the oil inside the porous medium through mobility and
oil recovery measurement. It was found that foam mobility is inversely proportional to oil recovery.
Mobility decreased when increase of brine salinity, surfactant and nanoparticle concentration, which has
increased the oil recovery. Thus, it is important to reduce the foam mobility for efficient displacement
process, which could minimize viscous fingering and enhance the oil recovery. This could be achieved by
increasing the viscosity of displacing fluid (foam) for more stable displacement in EOR application.
Analysis of water produced during thermal decomposition of goethitic iron ore
Tao Kan, Prof. .Vladimir Strezov, Tim Evans and Peter Nelson
Macquarie University,Australia
The aim of this study was to investigate the non-ferrous elemental composition of water produced
during thermal decomposition of goethitic iron ore. A typical goethitic iron ore was heated, while the
released vapour was condensed by liquid nitrogen trap, and the elements contained in the condensate
were measured and grouped. Results showed that Ba in the group of alkali and alkali earth metals, Mn,
Ni, Cu, Zn, and Hg in the group of heavy metals, and P and S in the group of non-metal elements were
the most abundant elements with present in the chemically bound water. Other technologies including
thermogravimetric analysis, Computer Aided Thermal Analysis, and Fourier transform infrared
spectroscopy were also used to reveal the thermochemical behaviour of goethite during its thermal
- 19 -
Application of Evolution Algorithms to Aluminium Alloy Casting Porosity Prediction Function
Mr. Natnapat Gaviphatt, Prabhas Chongstitvatana,Chedtha Puncreobutr
Department of Computer Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Phayathai Road, Pathumwan,
Bangkok, 10330, Thailand
Porosity is a major problem occurring in aluminium alloy casting. During the process of solidification,
alloy would shrink and emit dissolving hydrogen causing porosity formation inside the solidified part
which leads to mechanical properties degradation. This research aims to produce a formula to explain
the resulting porosity with the initial chemical compositions and cooling rate. A mathematic model is, at
first, inferred from previous researches to be a template function. Differential Evolution is utilized to
generate inner polynomial parts and to find appropriate coefficients to experimental data obtained from
other publications. The optimized function promisingly shows good fit to the problem domain
demonstrating that the resulting function is an efficient model to explain porosity formation behaviour.
Seismic Performance Improvement of 3D Reinforced Concrete Frames with Different Strengthening
Dr. Fatih BAHADIR and Fatih Suleyman BALIK
Necmettin Erbakan University,Turkey
This study used test frames were purposely detailed and constructed with observed deficiencies in
investigated dormitory buildings of Turkey. In this study, four reinforced concrete frames were produced
two storeys, one bay and 3D in 1/6 geometric scale was tested. Since the studied frame was the
external frame of the structure, brick infill wall with a window opening was also included. The first
specimen was the reference specimen and contained no strengthening and no brick wall. The second
specimen was contained brick wall. The third specimen was strengthened with internal steel panel.
Finally fourth specimen’s was strengthened with infilled RC shear wall. The test specimens were
subjected to reversed cyclic quasi-static lateral loading. Strength of the test specimens were measured
and compared. Test results indicated that the strengthened specimens displayed significantly higher
lateral strength than the reference specimen considerably.
Numerical analysis of cladding Mg-AZ31 melt with Al-3003 sheets by twin-roll casting
Prof. Jong-Jin Park
Hongik University,Korea
Sheets of magnesium alloys are expected to be applied for exterior/interior panels and structural
components in the automotive industry because of their good physical properties. However, poor
corrosion resistance of the sheets needs to be improved andcladding with aluminum alloys has been
known to be efficientfor the improvement. Besides various processesincluding laser welding, hot
pressing, diffusion bonding and casting, twin-roll casting has been proposed as a competitive process
for cladding in recent years. In the present investigation, numerical analysis of a cladding process was
performed in which the melt of Mg-AZ31 was supplied between two sheetsof AA3003 in a vertical
twin-roll caster. The melt was cooledand bonded to the sheets, producing a cladded sheet with a desired
thickness. The heat of the melt should be properly extracted through the sheets and the rolls in order to
produce a cladded sheet with no defects.Therefore, important parameters in this process were initial
temperatures of the melt and the sheets, roll speed and roll contact angle. Through the
presentnumerical analysis, required roll-separating force and roll torque were able to be found and the
process was evaluated in view of capacities of the twin-roll caster. Also the complex thermo-mechanical
phenomenon during the process comprising melt flow, cooling, solidification and rolling was analyzed to
- 20 -
provide information on various aspects of final properties. The temperature distribution at the interface
between Mg-AZ31 and AA3003 was also found which was critical for a sound interfacial bonding. Details
of findings will be presented and discussed.
Corrosion Behavior in Artificial Saliva of Personalized Dental Crowns of Co-Cr Alloys Manufactured by
DMLS process
Dr. BĂILĂ Diana Irinel
EHNICA of Bucharest, 313 Splaiul Independentei, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
The purpose of this paper is to realize some researches concerning the powder Co-Cr, the sintering
compacts obtain after Direct Metal Laser Sintering manufacturing and the corrosion resistance in
artificial saliva. The Co-Cr alloys are used frequently in dentistry to realize personalized dental crown,
bridges, chapels, dental implants or microsurgery instruments. The Co-Cr powders are used in Direct
Metal Laser Sintering technologies to obtain personalized dental crown with complex forms after a ”stl”
file, realized after a tomography or oral scanning. Direct Metal Laser Sintering process is used to realize
quickly a scale model of physical part or assembly using 3D computer aided design CAD data. This alloy
must present good corrosion behavior and mechanical resistance to be used in medical domain.
A Numerical Study on Stir Casting Process in A Metal Matrix Composite Using CFD Approach
Mr.Joseph George, Sheeja Janardhanan, Sijo M T
Post Graduate Student, Mechanical Engineering, SCMS School of Engineering and Technology,
Karukutty, Ernakulam, India
This work brings out the numerical simulation of the stir casting technique for aluminium silicon carbide
Metal Matrix Composite (MMC) in a closed crucible and the effect of the blade geometry and rotational
velocity on solidification of the metal matrix composite has been predictedusing Computational Fluid
Dynamics (CFD) approach. The material used in the crucible is silicon carbide in aluminiummetal matrix.
Geometric modelling and meshing have been carried out using ANSYS ICEM CFD. Computer simulations
have been carried using the commercial CFD package, ANSYS FLUENT. The calculations used 2-D
discrete phase, solidification and melting model and enthalpy method. Mushy state mixing, indicative of
the solidification patterns have been studied to predict the most suitable ratio of crucible to blade
dimensions and speed of stirring to obtain the most uniform type of solidification which in turn induces
some enhanced mechanical properties to the casting.
Venue: Room 2
Time: 13:00pm-15:30pm
Surface roughness analysis of carbon/glass hybrid polymer composites in drilling process based on
Taguchi and response surface methodology
Ms. TAN CHYE LIH, Azmi, A.I. and Muhammad, N,
Drilling is an essential secondary process for near net-shape of hybrid composite as to achieve the
required dimensional tolerances prior to final application. Dimensional tolerance is often influenced by
- 21 -
the surface integrity or surface roughness of the workpart. Thus, this paper aims to employ the Taguchi
and response surface methodologies in minimizing the surface roughness of drilled carbon-glass hybrid
fibre reinforced polymer (CGCG) using tungsten carbide, K20 drill bits. The effects of spindle speed,
feed rate and tool geometry on surface roughness were evaluated and optimum cutting conditions for
minimizing the aforementioned response was determined. Subsequently, response surface
methodology (RSM) was utilised in finding the empirical relationships between experimental
parameters and surface roughness based on the Taguchi results. The experimental analyses reveal that
surface roughness is greatly influenced by feed rate and tool geometry rather than the spindle speed.
This is due to the increment of feed that attributed to the increased strain rate and hence, deteriorated
the surface roughness of the hybrid composite. The predicted results (via regression model) and
theoretical results (via additivity law) were in good agreement with experiment results. This indicates
that the regression model from response surface methodology (RSM) can be used to predict the surface
roughness in machining of CGCG hybrid composite.
Effect of alloying elements and impurity (N) on bulk and grain boundary cohesion in Cr-base alloys
Razumovskiy, A.S. Trushnikova
JSC “Kompozit”, Russia
Effect of comprehensive alloying system (W, Ta, Nb, Mo, V, Hf, Ti, Zr, Ni) and impurity N on cohesive
properties of the bulk and the special high-angle grain boundary (GB) Σ5 (210)[100] in Cr-base alloys,
as well as segregation behavior of impurities at the GB and the (210) free surface are studied by first
principles calculations. The analysis of the data obtained allows us to single out W, Ta as the best and
nitrogen as the worst interatomic bond strengthening elements for both the bulk and GB in Cr-base
alloys. To verify these theoretical results by means of experiment, we investigated an influence of W (up
to 10 wt. %), and (Ta, Nb, Hf and Zr) on mechanical properties of Cr-base alloy. We observed an
increasing of the strength properties due to W addition and increasing of the plasticity as a result of (Ta,
Nb, Hf, Zr) adding.
Using the Fuzzy-QFD for Product Development : A case study for 3D Printer
Srinakharinwirot University, Thailand
In this paper using Fuzzy-QFD approach to product development: case studyfor 3D printer. The
method that translating the customer needs into technical term, Fuzzy-QFDmentioned illustrate that it
can be utilized in different ways and can be adapted to solve a greatnumber of design problems. The
study starts by determining customer demand. Thereafter, identifying technical requirement based on
QFD. This paper integrates fuzzy set theory and house of qualityto determine the importance weight of
the customer requirement and the relationship between customer requirement and the technical
requirement. The results proposed Fuzzy-QFD approach can be expected to be successful and has
potential for multiple criteria decision-making problems.
Investigation of Chip Formation and Tool Wear in Drilling Process Using Various Types of Vegetable-Oil
Based Lubricants
Mr.AHMAD FAIRUZ MANSOR, Nurul Adlina M.J, A.I. Azmi, M.R.M. Hafiezal, K.W Leong
Faculty Of Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP)
Cutting fluid is a well-known as one of an important element in machining process. However, the
consumption of mineral oils as cutting fluid has been raising concern due to worldwide interest in
- 22 -
environmental and health matters. The application of vegetable-oil based lubricant is seen can
overcome the problem but requires a research study about the machinability. This research paper
represents the machinability of using several possible vegetable oils as cutting fluid in term of chip
formation and tool wear during drilling operation on stainless steel, AISI 316. In particular, the
performance of the vegetable oils; palm, sesame, olive and coconut oils were compared under
minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) technique. The result reported that the coconut oil indicates the
best machinability in term of highest and uniform chip thickness and least wear on the drill bit under
same condition with others. These performances are followed by palm, olive and sesame oil. In
additional, the viscosity measurement indicates that coconut oil has the lowest value which can
possesses better fluidity and faster cooling capacity than other oils. Overall, coconut oil is recommended
as viable alternative lubricants during drilling of stainless steel.
Field evaluation of Five-level Heat Dissipation Models under PV Array structure installed in the Tropics
Dr. PM. Effendy Ya’acob, H. Hizam, Y. Hashimoto. Adam, N.F. Othman
Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia,
Serdang, 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
The intermittent drawbacks due to fluctuating temperature factor inside photovoltaic (PV) cells have
clearly affected the overall energy performance especially in stochastic weather conditions.
Temperature element in the tropical regions is a crucial factor to be determined based on Standard
Testing Condition (STC) and Nominal Operating Cell Temperature (NOCT) correlations. Based on the
crucial implication of heat dissipation, this study shares some insights of five level heat contour covering
the surrounding temperature, PV surface temperature, PV bottom temperature and 2-level of two feet
height located under PV array. The field data in real-time approach has been brought up in line to
support the energy balance modelling for PV applications with localized heat contour analysis using
statistical evaluations. The regression analysis of the 3471 data sampling for the period of 5 days (7AM
till 7 PM) produces very good results with correlation coefficient, R2 = 0.97.
Effect of Microwave Absorber towards Pyrolysis Yield of Automotive Paint Sludge
Associate professor Norazah Abd Rahman, Norazah Abd Rahman, Siti Shawalliah Idris,
Noor Fitrah Abu Bakar, Roslan Mokhtar, Zakiuddin Januri
and Muhammad Fareezuddin Mohamad
Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan,
Application of microwave absorber (MWA) does affect the yield of microwave pyrolysis process. In this
study, activated carbon and graphite have been used as microwave absorbers and the results were then
compared with the microwave pyrolysis process without microwave absorber. The yield of solid and
liquid increased while the yield of gas decreased with the application of MWA. Chemical functional
group inside MWA also affected by the microwave pyrolysis process and energy content of MWA slightly
increased from 24.54 MJ/kg to 29.57 MJ/kg and 32.17 MJ/kg to 32.24 MJ/kg for activated carbon and
graphite, respectively.
A Simulation Study on Improving Throughput in a Crankshaft Line Considering Minimizing Investment
Cost under Throughput Target
Wang Guan, Dae Ryoung Lee, Yang Woo Shin, Prof. Dug Hee Moon
Changwon National University, Korea
- 23 -
In this paper, we consider a problem minimizing investment cost when throughput target is given, and
the total budget and available spaces for machines and buffers are limited. This situation happens
frequently in practical manufacturing system, and we consider the crankshaft line of a Korean
automotive factory as for the case study. Simulation model is developed to estimate throughput and a
modified arrow assignment rule using difficulty is suggested to find optimal allocation of machines and
Approximation of Throughput in Hybrid Flow Lines with Unreliable Machines
Prof.Yang Woo Shin, Yeseul Nam, Dug Hee Moon
Changwon National University, Korea
We consider the hybrid flow lines in which workstations and buffers are linked along a single flow path
one after another. Each workstation has several unreliable machines in parallel and there is a buffer of
finite size in front of workstaion. The processing times, time to failure and time to repair of each
machine are assumed to exponentially distributed and blocking after service blocking protocol is also
assumed. An approximate analysis for throughput in the hybrid flow lines is presented based on the
decomposition method. The throughput of the system is evaluated through a decomposition into a set
of coupled three-stage subsystems with two buff er spaces which are modeled by level depen-dent
quasi-birth-and-death (LDQBD) process. Some numerical examples are presented for accuracy of
Virtual Reality for Manufacturing Engineering in the Factories of the Future
Dr.Mohammed Bougaa, Stefan Bornhofen, Hubert Kadima, Alain Rivière
[email protected] Laboratory - EISTI, Avenue du Parc, 95000 Cergy-Pontoise, France
This paper discusses the possibilities of applying Virtual Reality (VR) technologies to Manufacturing
Engineering, and in particular assesses its role in the Factory of the Future (FoF). We review, classify
and compare the recommendations given by four major European reports on the challenges that have
to be met for a successful deployment of the FoF, and we identify the potential contributions of VR to
this vision in terms of new technologies, worker-factory relationship, modular infrastructure and
production efficiency. We argue that VR can be a key technology to support the FoF at all levels of the
Systems Engineering approach, either directly by applying it in standard engineering processes, or
indirectly by leveraging other useful technologies.
Enhanced PSO Approach for Real Time Systems Scheduling
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Medhat Awadalla and Abdullah Elewi
SQU, Electrical and Computer Engineering department, Oman
Systems as asymmetric multiprocessor platforms are considered power-efficient multiprocessor
architectures, efficient task partitioning (assignment) and play a crucial role in achieving more energy
efficiency at these multiprocessor platforms. This paper addresses the problem of energy-aware static
partitioning of periodic real time tasks on heterogeneous multiprocessor platforms. A modified Particle
Swarm Optimization variant based on min-min and priority assignment algorithms for task partitioning
is proposed. The proposed approach aims to minimize the overall energy consumption, meanwhile
avoid deadline violations. An energy-aware cost function is proposed to be considered in the proposed
approach. Extensive simulated experiments and comparisons with related approaches have been
conducted and the achieved results demonstrate that the proposed partitioning scheme significantly
outperforms in terms of the number of executed iterations to accomplish a specific task in addition to
- 24 -
the energy savings.
Venue: Room 2
Time: 16:00pm-18:30pm
Comparative study of 3G and 4GLTE network
A.D. Abioye, Dr. Meera K. Joseph, and H.C.Ferreira
University of Johannesburg, South Africa
The area of mobile communication is fast developing as a result of the technological advancement in
the field of mobile and wireless communication. Obviously, 3G was once acclaimed as a recent
technology in the field of wireless and mobile communication until the arrival of 4GLTE. The quest for
a faster speed, lower latency, better QoS and ability to interoperate with all existing network are some
of the factors that brought up the emergence of 4GLTE network. In this paper we provide an overview
of all network generations from the first generation to the fourth generation as well as the
differentiating features that supports the superiority of the 4GLTE network to the 3G network are well
stated. We use self-analytical tools like bar charts to compare the features of 4GLTE and 3G networks.
The concluding part of this paper presents improvements needed in 4GLTE.
Development of Hardware-Interfacing Learning Kit for Novice Learning Programming
Siti Rosminah Md Derus and Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ahmad Zamzuri Mohamad Ali
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
Visualization tool has been proven useful in enhancing novice programmer‟s learning. Despite the
large number of studies performed on visualization tools, it appears to be very few using it to assist
students in understanding the fundamental concept of hardware software interfacing programming.
Therefore, in this study, a program visualization (PV) kit was developed with the main objective is as a
practical hands-on learning kit for novice in exploring and gaining basic skills of hardware software
interfacing in visual environment. The ADDIE instructional design model was utilized in the design
process; which consists of five principal phases namely, analysis, design, development,
implementation and evaluation. The development processes was grounded on Cognitive Load Theory,
Models of Human Memory and educational principles to ensure the maximum effectiveness of
learning. The PV kit consist hardware visualization and software visualization. The hardware
visualization is an external device that can be connected to the USB port, where the learners can
visualize the input and output result from the task stimulated by the software. The software
visualization contains main learning activities that have been organized from simple to complex tasks.
It is expected that the PV kit could be benefited by the students in developing the basic skills of
hardware software interfacing programming.
Usability and User Satisfaction of Non-Realistic Three-Dimensional Talking-Head Animation
Courseware (3D-NR)
Mr. Mohd Najib Hamdan and Ahmad Zamzuri Mohamad Ali
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
Talking-head animation is an instructional approach that helps students in linguistic learning,
- 25 -
especially in the pronunciation aspect. However, the use of talking-head animation has caused some
emotional uneasiness among students when the design and realistic level of the animated characters
are too human-like. This phenomenon is known as „Uncanny Valley‟ and was corroborated through a
research by a Japanese robotics expert named Masahiro Mori in 1970, who had also produced a graph
explaining this phenomenon. To overcome these problems, the non-realistic three-dimensional
talking-head animation has been developed to ensure that students get the maximum learning from
the point of emotional and learning performance. On this regard, the focus of this study was mainly on
developing non-realistic three-dimensional talking-head animation. The courseware was developed
based on theories, principles and literature overview conducted. The paper also reports the outcome
of usability and user satisfaction (PSSUQ) test carried out.
Usability and User Satisfaction of Segmented Animation Courseware With Linear Program-Controlled
Mr. Anuar Hassan and Ahmad Zamzuri Mohamad Ali
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
The purpose of this study is to determine the usability and user satisfaction of the Segmented
Animation Courseware Featured with Linear Program-Controlled approach. The courseware on the
OSI Model topic was developed based on theories, principles and literature overview conducted. The
DDD-E model has been utilized as an instructional design reference throughout the development
process, which consists of four phases of activity namely Decide, Design, Develop and Evaluate.
Usability and user satisfaction test is conducted to gain input on aspects of teaching and learning,
motivation, design and technical features. This instrument consists of 15 evaluation items that need to
be answered by students. The study sample consisted of 35 Diploma in Electrical Engineering final
semester, students from the Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Polytechnic. The Data obtained was
analyzed using the mean descriptive method. Findings from the usability and user satisfaction test
indicated that the courseware had adhered to the development standards and is suitable to be used as
a teaching medium for the OSI Model topic.
Multimedia Instructional Message (MIM) and Simulation-aided Learning: A Conceptual Framework
Mr. Mohd Syahrizad Elias and Ahmad Zamzuri Mohamad Ali
Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
Simulation-aided learning has the ability to attract the attention and interest of students to learn.
However, the effectiveness of simulation-aided learning requires adequate instructional support to
sufficiently achieve the learning objectives. Multimedia Instructional Message (MIM) serves as an
instructional support in building this meaningful learning, especially in helping the exploration of
complex simulation application, abstract learning content delivery and delivery of learning that
requires a combination of skills. Effective MIM strategy depends on the selection of images and the
medium of communication used in the delivery of teaching and learning strategies. The effectiveness
of the image depends on the form of the graphics used either printed static graphics, digital static
graphics or animated digital graphics apart from other factors such as learning styles and students‟
prior knowledge. Taking these into consideration, this paper proposes a conceptual framework for
research related to simulation-aided learning.
In Search of Software Engineering Foundations: A Theoretical and Trans-Disciplinary Perspective
Assoc. Prof. Murat Pasa Uysal
Department of Computer Technologies, Ufuk University, Ankara, TURKEY
- 26 -
Technical innovations and trends have been changing from time to time as a major driving force for
Software Engineering (SE). Although it can be regarded as a relatively young discipline usually driven
by industrial needs or practices, fundamental problems of SE still continue to exist. It is thought that
the problem may be not only in adopting a domain specific technology or method, but also in
understanding the foundations and use of theories in SE. Therefore, investigating the
trans-disciplinary aspects of SE may pave the way of some solutions while it may shed light on building
the theoretical background of possible empirical studies. However, the review of SE literature shows
the little effort given to this research gap, and thus, this paper attempts to offer a conceptual
framework and brings a different perspective for understanding the theoretical and trans-disciplinary
foundations of SE as a discipline.
ECG Signal Classification for Remote Area Patients using Artificial Neural Networks in Smartphone
Mr. Vincent D. Montañ o, Noel B. Linsangan, and Noel D. Ramos
Samar State University and Mapúa Institute of Technology, Philippines
Heart disease is one of the main causes of global death, and instant diagnosis of this condition is
significant for health improvement. This condition can be classified using the electrocardiogram (ECG)
signal information. Application of artificial neural network (ANN) as a medical diagnostic classifier has
been suggested by various studies in signal recognition. Collaboration with the recent advances in
mobile technology for processing and transmission of medical data where medical feedback can be
delivered promptly. This study presents a method of ECG signal classification for the patient coming
from remote areas using ANN modeled algorithm used in a smartphone. The system is composed of
monitoring device that accepts ECG signal from the patient and transmits this signal through a General
Packet Radio Service (GPRS) technology. And a smartphone that receives and processes the
information for medical ECG classification. Five types of ECG signals obtained from the selected
arrhythmia database were classified with the sensitivity of 96.67%, specificity of 99.17% and
correctness rate of 98.67% by the proposed method.
Compressive Sensing Algorithm for Wireless Sensor Network Power Management
Ms. Jocelyn Flores Villaverde, Wen-Yaw Chung and Shih-Lun Chen
Chung Yuan Christian University, Taiwan
This paper presents lossless compression algorithm to minimize the power consumption of the
wireless sensor network (WSN). The sensor and receiver node consumes more power when
transmission of data is taking place. In addition, huge data are processed in the network which also
consumes energy. The main contribution of this paper is to prolong the battery life of the sensors by
using compressive sensing to lessen the transmission activity and data processing. CS is a lossless
data compression technique that is used to represent the signals into sparse, linear encoding and
transformation matrix, and sparse recovery. Discrete Fourier transform is used to get the nonzero
coefficient of the signals. L1 minimization is used to recover the signal into its original form.
RFID Based Indoor Navigation With Obstacle Detection Based On A* Algorithm For The Visually
Mr. Jayron Sanchez, Analyn Yumang and Felicito Caluyo
Mapua Institute of Technology, Philippines
The visually impaired individual may use a cane, guide dog or ask for assistance from a person. This
study implemented the RFID technology which consists of a low-cost RFID reader and passive RFID
tag cards. The passive RFID tag cards served as checkpoints for the visually impaired. The visually
- 27 -
impaired was guided through audio output from the system while traversing the path. The study
implemented an ultrasonic sensor in detecting static obstacles. The system generated an alternate
path based on A* algorithm to avoid the obstacles. Alternate paths were also generated in case the
visually impaired traversed outside the intended path to the destination. A* algorithm generated the
shortest path to the destination by calculating total cost of movement. The algorithm then selected the
smallest movement cost as a successor to the current tag card. Several trials were conducted to
determine the effect of obstacles in the time traversal of the visually impaired. Dependent-sample
t-test was applied for the statistical analysis of the study. Based on the analysis, the obstacles along
the path generated delays while requesting for the alternate path because of the delay in transmission
from the laptop to the device via ZigBee modules.
Classification of Myoelectric Signals Using Multilayer Perceptron Neural Network with Back Propagation
Algorithm in a Wireless Surface Myoelectric Prosthesis
Mr. Kevin D. Manalo, Noel B. Linsangan and Jumelyn L. Torres
Mapua Institute of Technology, Philippines
The paper focuses on a wireless myoelectric prosthesis of the upper-limb that uses a Multilayer
Perceptron (MLP) neural network with back propagation algorithm in classifying electromyography
(EMG) signals. MLP Neural network is composed of processing units that have the capability of sending
signals to each other and perform a desired function. The algorithm is widely used in pattern
recognition. The network is used to train EMG signals and use it in performing the necessary hand
positions of the prosthesis. Through programming a Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) using
Verilog and transmission of data with Zigbee, the EMG signals are acquired, classified, and simulated
wirelessly. The signals are classified and trained to produce the necessary hand movements. The
corresponding hand movements of Open, Pick, Hold and Grip are simulated through the Zigbee
controller. Z-test is used to analyze the data that were produced and acquired from using the neural
Venue: Room 3
Time: 13:00pm-15:30pm
Application of Artificial Neural Network and Background Subtraction for Determining Body Mass Index
(BMI) in Android Devices Using Bluetooth
Mr. Neil Erick Q. Madariaga and Noel B. Linsangan
Mapúa Institute of Technology, Philippines
Body Mass Index (BMI) is one of the different ways to monitor the health of a person. It is based on
the height and weight of the person. This study aims to compute for the BMI using an Android tablet
by obtaining the height of the person by using a camera and measuring the weight of the person by
using a weighing scale or load cell. The height of the person was estimated by applying background
subtraction to the image captured and applying different processes such as getting the vanishing
point and applying Artificial Neural Network. The weight was measured by using Wheatstone bridge
load cell configuration and sending the value to the computer by using Gizduino microcontroller and
- 28 -
Bluetooth technology after the amplification using AD623 instrumentation amplifier. The application
will process the images and read the measured values and show the BMI of the person. The study
met all the objectives needed and further studies will be needed to improve the design project.
Hybrid Neural Networks for Real-time Hand Gestures Recognition
Prof. Ho-Joon Kim and Jun-Yong Lee
Dept. of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Handong University, South Korea
In this study, we present a three-dimensional convolutional neural network and a fuzzy min-max
neural network for a gesture recognition system. The convolutional neural network generates a 3D
feature map from the image sequence of a gesture signal. The spatial structure of the receptive field
in the model is extended along the time axis. The center of the three-dimensional processing element
shifts through the spatial and temporal domain of the cube. Thus, the proposed model is not only
robust to spatial variance but also to temporal variance. In addition, we propose a methodology to
select an effective feature set by extending the fuzzy min-max neural network model. We introduce
an algorithm to compute the factors which can measure the relevance between the features and the
gesture pattern classes. From the experimental results, we have shown that the proposed model can
reduce the amount of the feature data and remove ineffective features and erroneous features in the
learning data set.
A Multi-Stage Technique for Automatic Recognition of Medical Diagnostic Kits
Mr. Joong-Eun Jung and Ho-Joon Kim
Handong University, South Korea
An object detection and image analysis technique for automatic recognition of diagnostic kits is
presented. The recognition process consists of four stages: region segmentation, illumination
compensation, qualitative analysis and quantitative analysis. In this study, we present a target
detection process using the Hough transform and a three-level region segmentation method. For the
image analysis process, an illumination normalization method using a compensation curve is
proposed. We define a data conversion function which is trained by the reference image pattern data.
From the training data, the compensation factor depending on the pixel value range for each color is
calculated. The experimental results show that the suggested method can improve the reliability of
diagnosis by overcoming several constraints such as the object location in test image, the changes of
background image, the illumination condition and the distance between the camera and target
Automatic Speaker Recognition System in Adverse Conditions - Implication of noise and reverberation
on system performance
Mr. Khamis A. Al-karawi, Ahmed H. Al-Noori, Francis F. Li and Tim Ritchings
Salford University, UK
Speaker recognition has been developed and evolved over the past few decades into a supposedly
mature technique. Existing methods typically utilize robust features extracted from clean speech. In
real-world applications, especially security and forensics related ones, reliability of recognition
becomes crucial, meanwhile limited speech samples and adverse acoustic conditions, most notably
noise and reverberation, impose further complications. This paper is presented from a study into the
behavior of typical speaker recognition systems in adverse retrieval phases. Following a brief review,
a speaker recognition system was implemented using the MSR Identity Toolbox by Microsoft.
Validation tests were carried out with clean speech and the speech contaminated by noise and/or
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reverberation of varying degrees. The image source method was adopted to take into account real
acoustic conditions in the spaces. Statistical relationships between recognition accuracy and signal to
noise ratios or reverberation times have therefore been established. Results show noise and
reverberation can, to different extents, degrade the performance of recognition. Both reverberation
time and direct to reverberation ratio can affect recognition accuracy. The findings may be used to
estimate the accuracy of speaker recognition and further determine the likelihood a particular
Character Image Semantic-Based CAPTCHA
Aziz Barbar and Assist. Prof. Anis Ismail
Lebanese University, Lebanon
CAPTCHA is almost a standard security technology, and has found widespread application in
commercial websites. Image recognition CAPTCHAs faces many potential problems which have not
been fully studied. It is difficult for a small site to acquire a large dictionary of images which an
attacker does not have access to and without a means of automatically acquiring new labeled images,
an image based challenge does not usually meet the definition of a CAPTCHA. They are either
unusable or prone to attacks. In this paper, we propose the Character Image Semantic (CIS) based
CAPTCHA that will combine both Image and Text into one CAPTCHA which will strengthen it and does
not make it human solvable. Benchmarks will be discussed after conducting both Usability and
Security tests with a clear set of results that show the accuracy of the proposed solution compared to
other existing ones.
Toward A New HDFS Functionalities Using A Probabilistic Distributed Algorithm
Mr. Ismail Hind and Ali Dahmani
Faculty of Sciences Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Morocco
Distributed systems are computing systems where a number of components cooperate by
communicating over a network. Few systems are still working in a stand-alone system where the user
interface, persistent data and applications resided in one computer. However, the majority of
nowadays systems are designed to work in distributed systems.
Provide mechanisms for the storage and the manipulation of large amount of data is one of the
largest technological challenges in software systems research today. Social media and web services
produce an impressive amount of data daily. In this context, Hadoop Distributed file system (HDFS) is
an open source software framework for distributed storage and processing of very large data (Big
In this paper we introduce new functionalities for Hadoop Distributed File System using probabilistic
distributed algorithms, our proposition is working in both homogenous and heterogeneous HDFS
nodes which can reduce the communication cost.
Real Time Data Communication using High Altitude Balloon based on Cubesat Payload
Prof. Haklin Kimm, Jin S. Kang, Bob Bruinga, Ho-sang Ham
East Stroudsburg University, USA
High-altitude balloons can carry small payloads to altitudes higher than 100,000 feet into the
stratosphere to so called “near-space”, where satellite components and payloads can be tested in
harsh environment to simulate the actual space environment. In particular, a high-altitude balloon
flight with satellite communication payloads weighing up to a few pounds is a cost-effective to test the
link. In this balloonSat project, several challenges in the stratosphere testing of CubeSat satellite were
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explored. The focus of the test included functionalities of batteries and 2.4 HGz transceiver in low
temperature and long range. In addition, the GPS-enabled radio system functionality was tested for
changing altitude and velocity during the flight. A 9 degree-of-freedom sensor logged the flight
condition throughout the mission. Using the GPS and Automatic Position Reporting System (APRS), a
balloonSat was tracked and recovered successfully. The results showed that all components tested
functioned well.
Optimization of the mask size on the detector pixels for improved MTF
Mr. Haeng-Pal HEO, Sung-Woong Ra
Chung-Nam National University, Daejon, Korea
Performance of the detector included in the earth observation electro-optical camera system
determines most of the important performance parameters of the whole system. SNR(Signal to Noise
Ratio) and MTF(Modulation Transfer Function) are the most important performance parameters but
these two parameters disagree with each other in the selection of many system design parameters. In
order to have better SNR, the integration time should be as long as possible because the shot noise is
the dominant one in the total noise. However, long integration time gives adverse effects on the MTF
performance because it will give more chance of signal blur. Even though almost one hundred percent
of the fill factor in the detector architecture results in higher quantum efficiency and eventually yield
better SNR, it will cause much more chance to the electron generated by the incident photon, to reach
to the adjacent pixel. Therefore, reducing the fill factor on the detector pixels will have positive effects
on the MTF but negative effects on the SNR. However, as the system performance goes higher, better
MTF is much harder to achieve than SNR because the integration time can be prolonged utilizing
some kind of TDI(Time Delayed Integration) technique. This is one of the reason the fill factor needs
to be diminished intentionally. The size of the mask located at the edge of the pixels to reduce the fill
factor, should be optimized in order to fulfill both of MTF and SNR performance. It is presented that
the pixel masking scheme and determination of the mask size to fulfill both requirements of MTF and
A Study on Fourth Generation Wireless Network using QualNet Simulator
Arthi Balasundaram, Rajesh L and Prof. Bhoopathy Bagan K
Anna University, Chennai, India
Fourth Generation (4G) systems, in addition to the usual voice and other services of Third Generation
(3G), provides mobile ultra-broadband Internet access. Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave
Access (WiMAX) forum promises to offer high data rate over large areas to a large number of users
where broadband is unavailable. This paper focuses on routing in fourth generation wireless networks
along with a brief study on layer three routing protocols. To this end, a wireless network scenario is
simulated and their key features are exposed using QualNet Network Simulator.
Information Hiding: A New Multi Watermark Algorithm using Radon Transformation
Omer Siddik and Assoc. Prof. Ersin ELBASI
IPEK University, Turkey
There are basically two approaches to embed a watermark in a multimedia element: spatial domain
and transform domain watermarking. In the spatial domain, the watermark is embedded by modifying
the pixel values in the original image. Transform domain watermarking is similar to spatial domain
watermarking; in this case, the coefficients of transforms such as Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT),
Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) or Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) are modified. In this research
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work we used Radon Transformation (RT) in binary image watermarking. Experimental results show
that this new algorithm gives very promising results for geometric attacks.
Venue: Room 3
Time: 16:00pm-18:30pm
Increase the Space Trajectory Precision by Using the Proper Assisted Research Method for Inverse
Kinematics Problem
Prof. Olaru Adrian, Olaru Serban and Mihai Niculae
University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania
Inverse kinematics model of the industrial robot is used in the control of the end-effecter trajectory. The
solution of the inverse kinematics problem is very difficult to find, when the degree of freedom increase
and in many cases this is impossible. In these cases is used the numerical approximation or other
method with diffuse logic. The paper showed one new method for optimization of the inverse cinematic
solution by applying the proper assisted Iterative Pseudo Inverse Jacobian Matrix Method coupled with
proper Sigmoid Bipolar Hyperbolic Tangent Neural Network with Time Delay and Recurrent Links Method
(IPIJMM-SBHTNN-TDRLM). In the paper was shown one case study to obtain one space circle curve by
using one arm type robot and the proposed method. The errors of the space coordinates of the circle,
after applying the proposed method, was less than 0.001. The study has contained the determining the
internal coordinates corresponding to the external coordinates of the circle space curve, by solving the
inverse kinematics with the proposed method and after that, by applying the forward kinematics to this
coordinates, were obtained the external coordinates, what were compared with the theoretical one. The
presented method is general and it can be used in all other robots types and for all other conventional
and unconventional space curves.
Flactuation of Electrical Transmission Line as the Result of Moving Inspection Robot on it
Mr. Mohammad Reza Bahrami and Vladimir V. Eliseev
St. Petersburg Politechnical University ,Russian Federation
The article deals with the dynamics of wire transmission line while the robot-inspector is moving on it. To
ensure proper and safe operation of the machine, mathematical modeling based on the Lagrangian
mechanics has been conducted. The wire is considered as a stretched string with additional bending
stiffness, and the robot-inspector as moving mass and pendulum. As the result saw-tooth oscillations
have been observed in the vertical plane and they cause parametric oscillations in the perpendicular
plane. Advanced method of mathematical modeling of inspection robot motion on conductors allows us
to choose the design parameters and the law of motion, in order to prevent accidents and ensure safety
of personnel.
Sensorless Control Based On Virtual Neutral Voltage for BLDC Motor Drive
Dr. Chih-Hsien Yu and Chyuan-Yow Tseng
National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Based on the characteristics of the back electromotive force (back-EMF), the rotor position information
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would be detected. Hence, the main theme of this paper is to design a practical approach to detect the
zero cross point (ZCP) of back-EMF through virtual neutral voltage for sensorless brushless direct
current (BLDC) motor drives. In contrast to conventional methods, the real neutral voltage of motor is
not needed. In order to compensate the phase delay of the back-EMF due to low-pass filter (LPF) under
different speeds, a voltage-controlled phase shifter, consisted of hysteresis comparator and
voltage-controlled resistor (VCR), is proposed in this paper. The detail circuit model is introduced and
some experimental results obtained from a sensorless prototype are shown to confirm the practicality of
proposed senosorless drive method.
Optimisation of a PID Controller for an Inverted Pendulum Using the Bees Algorithm
Muhammed Arif Sen and Assoc. Prof. Mete Kalyoncu
University of Selçuk, Turkey
The inverted pendulum system is a challenging control problem in the control theory, which continually
moves away from a stable state. The paper presents the design of a Proportional-Integral-Derivative
(PID) controller for a single-input multi-output (SIMO) inverted pendulum system and using the Bees
Algorithm (BA) to obtain optimal gains for PID controllers. The Bees Algorithm optimizes the gains so
that the controller can move the cart to a desired position with the minimum amount of the change in
the pendulum‟s angle from the vertically upright position during the movement. The tuning aim is to
minimize the control responses of the cart‟s position and the pendulum‟s angle in time domain.
MATLAB/Simulink simulation has been performed to demonstrate that the effects on the system
performance of PID controllers with optimal gains. The obtained results show that the tuning method by
using the Bees Algorithm produced PID controllers successfully within the controller design criteria.
Following a description of the inverted pendulum system and the Bees Algorithm, the paper gives the
obtained simulation results for the system demonstrating the efficiency of the design.
Development of the Bending Actuator with Nafion-Pt IPMC Tube
Quang Nhat Nguyen Le and Assoc. Prof. Truong Thinh Nguyen
University Of Technology and Education Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
IPMC (Ionic Polymer Metal Composite) is promising candidate actuator for bio-related applications
mainly due to its biocompatibility, soft properties and operation in wet condition. In this paper, a new
actuator will be presented. The tubular actuator, based on the concept of tip-displacement of IPMC
actuator and capable of generating bending of tube with surface outside electrodes, was proposed and
studied experimentally. The actuator is a Nafion tube consisting of an even number of Pt segments
along the length, which are plated outside of tube surface, and the Pt segments act as electrodes to
apply the driving voltage. The experimental data measured on prototype actuators prove the proposed
concept of bending depend on the shape of Nafion. Show that the actuator functions well both
displacement and force.
Simulation and determination of the influence of the gait function on the change of the shape of a
snake-like robot
Dr Erik Prada, Michael Valášek and Alexander Gmiterko
Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Vehicle Center of Sustainable
Mobility ,Czech Republic
This article discusses the application of the Hirose´s function for the achievement of the serpentine
locomotion of the snake-like robot. Verification of the accuracy of locomotion was performed by
simulation in the MATLAB 2012a program. At the beginning of the article, the biological aspects and the
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principle of the snake‟s locomotion are mentioned. In the following chapter, the basic Hirose´s function,
which is subsequently transformed into the discreet shape in the Cartesian coordinates, is described.
Moreover, relations for the calculation of rotation angle of the individual segments, wrapping angle and
other similar parameters have been obtained. At the end of the article, simulations have been performed
within which the influence of changes of the individual parameters of the function on the change of the
shape of the snake-like robot have been observed.
A kind of way for measuring the imbalance force of centrifuge
Mr. Qian Liu, Yuanxun Liu, Xiong Xin, Deng Zhigang
Institute of Systems engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, China
Centrifuge is this kind of device which supplys acceleration environment through the rotation of the arm
of the centrifuge. Centrifuge is widely used in soil tests and environmental simulation tests. Monitoring
system of real-time imbalance force is important equipment for the centrifuge to ensure stable
operation. While working of the centrifuge, it will be affected by the imbalance force more or less at all
time. It will also obviously increase abrasion of the bearings and influence the life of the bearings of the
centrifuge. Even more, some serious accidents would happen possibly. In this paper, the causation of
the influence of the imbalance force to the centrifuge is introduced and a new kind of measuring way for
the real time imbalance force is proposed. Furthermore, working principle and computing expressions of
the way of the measuring are also introduced particularly in this paper. Moreover, this kind of measuring
way provides theory basis for the design of monitoring system which aims at monitoring the real-time
imbalance force.
Numerical Modeling of Residual Stress Field of Bolt Treated by Laser Shock Peening
Ms Liu Yuanxun, Zhang Zhixu, Feng Xiaowei, Liu Qian
Institute of Systems engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, China
Laser shock peening (LSP) can significantly improve the fatigue life of metals by introducing plastic
deformation and compressive residual stresses near the surface. And it can be applied on curved
surfaces and controlled precisely, thus it is suitable for strengthening bolts. In this paper, a
comprehensive three-dimensional model is presented to predict the residual stress field of bolt treated
by LSP. According to the characteristics of shock pressure, the simulation includes two steps: (i) explicit
dynamics analysis for transient stress and strain in earlier stage of LSP; (ii) implicit static analysis for
stable stress and strain at last. The simulation results show: when the transition zone of bolt head and
shaft is treated by LSP with a laser power density peak of 8.4 GW/cm2, a residual compressive stress
field forms there, with stress values between -250MPa and -100MPa and a depth of 1mm. This indicates
treating the area of bolt easy to fail by LSP can induce compressive residual stresses in the area, which
will help to improve the fatigue resistance of bolt.
Salih Taha Yaseen Al boaluo
Mr. Jun-Yong Lee
Handong University, South Korea
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Feng Zhiqiang
Research Institute of Physical and Chemical Engineering of Nuclear Industry
Mr. Li Ping
Li Ping
Mr. Dae Ryoung Lee
Changwon National University, Korea
Yeseul Nam
Changwon National University, Korea
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