The Guide to Chicken Breast

The Guide to Chicken Breast
Chicken Breast is a MUST item for modern meat processing
companies. No other meat item is as well accepted by as many
religious groups, ethnic minorities and, of course, by children.
With the right ingredients and processing methods, manufacturing of
juicy chicken breast is easy and profitable.
Raw Materials
We suggest to use fresh, well-trimmed chicken breast fillets, free from
connective tissue and sinews which both will negatively influence the binding
and water absorption process.
If only frozen raw material is available, make sure the chicken breast are
defrosted slowly, best inside sealed pouches in a cold water tank.
Whole muscle Chicken Breast recipes can use up to 50% added water, restructured product even more. The most common recipes contain 30-40 % added
water for extra juiciness and texture.
Depending on the local water temperature, between 50 and 100% of the added
water should be flaked ice. Flaked ice dissolves faster in brine making tanks and
is more economical.
Modern ice machines offer UV-Disinfections which has direct influence to the
final product’s shelf life.
More information on ice machines can be obtained from
Check HERE or in the service section of our website for your
Online BrineCalculator®:
Registered address
friedrich gewürze gmbh
Marktstätte 8
D-78462 Konstanz
Company Register in
Nr. HR B 1548
VAT # DE812371827
Managing Director
Reinhard J. Friedrich
+ 49 7531 89276-0
[email protected]
+49 7531 89276-10
Seasoning and ingredients per kg total recipe weight
[chicken breast + added water]
0.8 Salt or Nitrite Curing Salt, depending on local food law and common
recipe use. Nitrite Curing Salt has a preserving factor which is not
1.2% allowed in all countries for cured chicken breast.
We have salt and several varieties of ready-to-use curing salt available,
including our concentrated pre-blend CureMix5/5 [# 11.005] which
contains 5% sodium nitrite and 5% potassium nitrite.
AGAGEL 350 [# 11.017], texture improver for processed poultry
products, both whole muscle and re-structured. Especially developed for
cuts with added yields of 30 – 100%. For tumbling and injecting
methods. Check Online BrineCalculator® for usage rate details.
AGAGEL 350 is extremely economical due to low usage rate of only
3% to the brine. For prices, click onto the photo or blue text.
3 g Meister Lak 95 [# 11.010], a combination of di- and tri phosphate with a
ph value of 9.5.
Alternatively, use any other fast dissolving STPP.
Smokin’ Joe
Save time and energy, and reduce pollution by using Smokin’ Joe
instead of naturally burnt smoke.
If Smokin’ Joe is used, reduce the salt content accordingly
Optional: Smokin’ Joe smoke flavour in powder form, on carrier salt.
Adds old-fashioned smoke flavour to chicken breast products without the
need of actually smoking the product after cooking.
Optional: Use any Decor Seasoning of your choice to add extra value to
Chicken Breast, such as Chicken & Spice, Cajun, Red Grill or Hot
For a bird’s eye view on all chicken sausage seasonings, click here.
ProTip: Add the decor seasoning before cooking, best by adding into the
open tumbler, using the machine as a mixer.
Chicken Breast Preparation
Especially for whole muscle Chicken Breast, it is highly recommended that the
meat chunks are separated from the membrane by using a skinner. This will
improve binding considerably due to higher protein release of the meat chunks.
Photo courtesy of
Maja Machines:
Skinning machines are available in butcher shop sizes up to fully automatic
membrane skinning machines, for pork, beef, lamb, game and poultry
friedrich ingredients recommends skinning machines from Maja.
page 2 of 3 Recipe Guide, updated 09 August 2007
Brine Preparation
Start by pre-blending AGAGEL 350 with some salt/curing salt. This will
improve the dissolving result of the ingredients.
The ice should be completely dissolved in the water, and the temperature should
not have exceeded +2° C. Lower temperatures mean longer shelf-life!
Dissolve the pre-mix of AGAGEL 350 and salt/curing salt in the brine first.
Then, add the phosphate, the remaining salt/curing salt and any optional
ingredients [no decor seasonings] and dissolve completely.
Injecting [optional]
Injecting reduces the tumbling time and increases moisture absorption and
tenderness. Depending on the equipment used, the needed amount of brine can
be injected in one or more strokes. The remaining brine should be added into the
tumbler, together with the injected breasts. Choose 1.8 bar pressure.
ProTip: Multiple injecting using low pressure is preferred over single, high
pressure injecting. High pressure injecting may cause damage of the breasts
structure, causing gel pockets and uneven brine distribution.
Most modern tumblers offer vacuum tumbling in intervals. We recommend to
use 20 minutes tumbling, followed by 20 minutes rest. Set your tumbling
machine to 6, better 7 intervals of each 20/20 minutes [tumbling/rest].
Photos courtesy of
Günther Machines:
Reduce rpm, if possible, and set your vacuum pump to 80% minimum.
Any excess brine, if existing, may be absorbed with Potato Starch or similar.
ProTip: If high yield Chicken Breast [above 50%] are in need, we suggest to
start with an extra ‘dry’ cycle, meaning 20 minutes tumbling, followed by 20
minutes rest without any brine or dry ingredients. This will release the surface
protein by 100%, making the Chicken Breasts more juicy and tender.
Cooking, Chilling
Carrageenan which is the active ingredient in AGAGEL 350 needs a temperature
of 70° C to form a non-reversible network with the meat’s own protein, yet
resulting into increased water binding and holding performance.
Photo courtesy of
To comply with the food legislation in most countries, and for maximum shelf
life, cooking to an internal temperature of 72° C is highly recommended.
ProTip: Stop the cooking process as early as 70° C. The temperature will still
go up to 72 or even 73° C, even if the oven is shut off. This will avoid loss of
juices and yield.
Store at 2 – 4 ° C for at least 24 h before slicing or shipping
This recipe was developed with the best of knowledge, and according to today’s technical standards. However,
we cannot accept any responsibility for the result or lack of acceptance.
page 3 of 3 Recipe Guide, updated 09 August 2007