2015 IPN – IWNEST BANDUNG BANDUNG, INDONESIA MARCH 6-7, 2015 Welcome to IPN-IWNEST 2015 Conferences Bandung Dear Professor, Dr and distinguished delegates, Welcome to the IPN - IWNEST 2015 Conferences in Bandung, Indonesia. On behalf of International Postgraduate Network (IPN.org) and IWNEST, I would like to thank all the Conference Chair, Program Chairs and the Technical Committees. Their high competence and professional advice enable us to prepare the high-quality program. For the participants, we hope all of you have a wonderful time at the conference and also in Bandung, Indonesia. We believe that by this excellent conference, you can get more opportunity for further communication with researchers and practitioners. For the conferences of ICeLET, ICEEST, ICABE, ICCST & ICMCE more than 40 submitted papers have been received and 30 papers have been accepted and published finally. In order to hold more professional and significant international conferences, your suggestions are warmly welcomed. And we are looking forward to meet you again next time. Best Regards, Thank you. Yours Sincerely, Datin MZ Zainab Director – Conference Management IPN.org Chairman, IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences, Bandung Message from IWNEST President On behalf on the IWNEST publications team, it is my privilege to welcome you to the IPN IWNEST 2015 Conferences Bandung. IWNEST is an independent, non-political, nongovernmental organization of distinguished scientists dedicated to advancing science around the world. We aim to help scientists and researchers to publish their findings in our scientific journals and to promote and help to organize worldwide conferences. We believe that has no boundaries, regardless of the great distances between countries and continents. Thus IWNEST welcomes contributions from researchers from all concern irrespective to the race, colour, religion and nationality. Best Regards Prof. Dr. Abdel Rahman Mohammad Said Al Tawaha Founder President Honorary Advisor IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences, Bandung About International Postgraduate Network (IPN.org) The International Postgraduate Network (IPN.org) is a non-profit international association dedicated to the promotion of international education and university cooperation in the field of Business, Art, Social Science, Management, Education, Science, Technology, Engineering and any other related field. Through the organization of different international events, it brings together institutions, bodies and organizations from different countries of the world for discussion and cooperation IPN.org Mission is to promote and enhance the dialogue in education among the institutions devoted to field mentioned above through: Promotion of best practice standards in the service of international education. The facilitation of relevant forums, training and information exchange. Creation and dissemination of knowledge; exert an influence in public policy. Production of publications used as a database document for research works, projects and innovation activities held on the international education field. IPN.org believes that this is best achieved through international cooperation and promotes the development of closer links among relevant institutions and individuals around the world.IPN.org supports that such international cooperation can help countries learn from each other and promotes the dissemination of scientific and engineering activities. IPN.org intends to achieve the mentioned objectives and get an international visibility by the organization of international conferences and by interacting with public and private organisms from all parts of the world. www.internationalpostgraduatenetwork.org www.ipnconference.org www.ipnmalaysia.org www.mpcn.org Announcement All accepted papers will be published in the Australian Journal of Basic and applied Sciences (ISI /Thomson Reuters Journal) (ISSN 1991-8176) (abstract and indexing by ISI/Thomson Reuters, Ulrich periodicals, Ebscohost, Cabi International and DOAJ) or Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture (ISI/THOMSON REUTERS) (online issue ISSN 1991-8178) (abstract and indexing by ISI/Thomson Reuters, ,Ulrich periodicals, Ebscohost, Cabi International and DOAJ) or Advances in Environmental Biology (ISI/THOMSON REUTERS/Scopus) (online issue ISSN 1995-0756) (abstract and indexing by ISI/Thomson Reuters, , Ulrich periodicals, Ebscohost, Cabi International and DOAJ) or Journal of Applied Science Research (online issue ISSN 1819-544X) Google Scholar, Ulrich Periodicals, EBSCO HOST, CSA, CAB Abstract, U.K., DOAJ, ISC One best presenter will be selected from each session and will be awarded the certificate during the Dinner Banquet. Beside that 1 Best paper (the selected paper is chosen by the IWNEST editorial board) will received USD 50 Keynote Speakers Assoc. Prof Dr. Haliza Abdul Rahman Universiti Putra Malaysia Keynote Speaker 1: Title : The Threat Of Tesso Nilo National Park, Riau, Sumatra, Indonesia . Forests play a vital role in regulating climate, controlling water runoff, providing shelter and food for wildlife and purifying the air. Furthermore, forests have scenic, cultural and historic values that deserve to be protected. Tesso Nilo National Park (TNTN) is one of lowland forest that still existed in Riau, Sumatera. This area is gazette by government as conservation area based on the Decision of Forestry Minister Number: SK.255/Menhut-II/2004 in July 19th 2004 and Number: SK 663/Menhut-II/2009 in October 15th 2009 as wide 83.068 hectares. The forest area are 167,618 ha in sized and knower as the heart of Sumatera because one of area that has diversity of highest vasculer plant form in the world and also a habitat for elephant and Sumatera lion that are now categorized as threatened and extinction animals. Since the gazette, the area of Tesso Nilo National Park is threatened continously because of demographic pressure, illegal logging, hunting activity, land invasions encroachment and weak coordination between agencies to manage it as some examples. Until 2009, the degradation of Tesso Nilo National Park were more than 30 % from their origin size. Dato’ Azuan Ahmad Al Idrus International Postgraduate Network Keynote Speaker 2: Title: Capital + Experience = Zero “I’ve got a great idea for a business. But I don’t have any money to start it up.” This phrase is something I’ve heard again and again . . . and again- from students, friends, and sometimes even colleagues. While it’s true that a generous credit line, a team of investors, or an uncle with deep pockets can make starting a company easier, not having money is no excuse. If you are confident that you have a product or service people want, don’t allow the lack of capital to deter you from your business goals. By pivoting, grinding it out, getting creative, and differentiating yourself, you can bootstrap your way to a successful business. List of the Conference Committee IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences Bandung, Honorary Advisor Prof. Dr. Abdel Rahman Mohammad Said Al-Tawaha (Ph.D McGill University) Founder President of Islamic World Network for Environmental Science and Technology Editor in Chief, Journal of Applied Science and Agriculture Editor in Chief, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences Al Talal Bin Hussein University, Jordan IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences Bandung, Chairman Datin MZ Zainab IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences Bandung, Academic Committee Conference Chair Prof. Dr. Abdel Rahman Mohammad Said Al-Tawaha (Ph.D McGill University) Technical Committee Dr. Ahmed Hassan El-Ghorab National Research Center,Egypt. Dr. Madhuban Gopal National Fellow, Division of Agricultural Chemicals,IARI,, India Dr. Shaban Sharaf El-DeenNational Research Centre, Cairo,Egypt. Prof. Anish Upadhyaya.India Prof. Kantesh Balani. India Prof. Sunil Mohan. India Prof. Shri. J.K.singh. India Dr. Anuchit Uchaipichat, Thailand Dr. Sunil Kumar, India Dr. Ezzeddine Ben Mohamed, Tunis Dr. Mahboub Sheikhalizadeh Heris, Iran Dr. Azimi Anaraki, Iran Dr. Cheevin Limsiri, Thailand IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conference Bandung, Organising Committee YKY Nurul Shaiful Rafie Instruction for Oral Presentation Devices Provided by the Conference Organizer: Laptop (with MS-Office & Adobe Reader) Projector & Screen Laser Sticks Materials Provided by the Presenters: PowerPoint or PDF files Duration of each Presentation (Tentatively): Regular oral presentation: about12 minutes (including Q&A) Keynote speech: about 40 minute (including Q&A) Notice: Please keep your belongings (laptop and camera etc) with you! During registration: Original Receipt Representative / Pass Card with lanyard Printed Program Lunch Coupon Dinner Coupon Participation Certificate (collected from Session Chair after the session) Conference Souvenir Conference Bag IPN – IWNEST 2015 Conferences Bandung Conference Program March 6, 2015 Venue: Lobby 0900 – 1200 Lobby Registration 0830 – 0840 Casalea Opening Remarks Venue: 0840 – 0910 Casalea 0910 – 0940 Casalea March 7, 2015 0950 – 1020 Casalea Venue: 1030 – 1230 Casalea Venue: 1300 -1400 Restaurant The Roses Venue: 1400 – 1600 Casalea Venue: 1600 – 1630 Casalea Venue: 1630 – 1800 Casalea Venue: 1930 – 2200 The Roses Dato’ Azuan Ahmad IWNEST Regional Director Plenary Assoc. Prof Dr. Haliza Speech Abdul Rahman 1 UPM Plenary Dato’ Azuan Ahmad Speech International Postgraduate 2 Network Group Photo and Coffee Break Session 1 Lunch Session 2 Coffee Break Session 3 Best Presenter/Best Paper Awards Ceremony And Dinner Session 1 Time: 1030 - 1230 Venue: Casalea Session Chair: Dr Nazatul Aini Abd Majid No 1 Paper ID 002-icabe Presenter What is the role of governmental support on organizational performance of small businesses? (A case of Malaysia small business) Yusra Lazim, Noor Azizan, Shahryar Sorooshian 2 005-icabe Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia Scientific labor resource management for non standard activities & task: Case study for secu rity workforce Thong Sze Yee, Zuraidah Bt. Mohd Zain, Bhuvenesh Rajamony 3 008-icabe University Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Malaysia Internal Audit (IA) Effectiveness: Resource-Based and Institutional Perspectives Halimah Nasibah Ahmad 4 009-icabe Universiti Utara Malaysia Constructionpreneurship: Entrepreneurship Activity within Construction Industry Zahidy Abd-Hamid, Noor Azlinna Azizan, Shahryar Sorooshian 5 011-icabe Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Malaysia Women Director Characteristics: Do They Add Value to Firm Performance? Rokiah Ishak, Noor Afza Amran, Kamarul Bahrain Abdul Manaf 6 003-icelet Universiti Utara Malaysia Students’ Perspectives towards Sustainable e-Learning in Malaysia Aidrina binti Mohamed Sofiadin 7 006-icelet Curtin University The Role Of Social Network Applications as One Of E-Learning Tools Taisir Mohammed Hameed, Zainuddin Bin Hj. Hassan And Rosnafisah Sulaiman 8 015-icabe Universiti Tenaga Nasional Factors that affect accounting information systems and accounting information (Survey on Local Bank in Bandung-Indonesia) Rapina Maranatha Christian University Session 2 Time: 1400 - 1600 Venue: Casalea Session Chair: Assoc Prof Dr Haliza Abdul Rahman No 1 Paper ID 003-iceest Presenter Indoor Air Quality Assessment and Lung Functions among Children in Preschool at Selangor, Malaysia Chua Poh Choo, Juliana Jalaludin, Titi Rahmawati Hamedon, Nor Mariah Adam 2 007-iceest Universiti Putra Malaysia Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of Dengue Fever Prevention among Community in Kampung Bayam, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia Haliza Abdul Rahman and Eva Nabiha Zamri 3 008-iceest Universiti Putra Malaysia Uncertainty and Reliability of Comparison of Energetic Scenarios Sassi G. and S.L. Pagliolico 4 009-iceest Politecnico di Torino Indoor Air Quality and Its Association with Respiratory Health among Malay Preschool Children in Shah Alam and Hulu Langat, Selangor Anis Syafiqah Kamaruddin, Juliana Jalaludin, Chua Poh Choo 5 003-icmce Universiti Putra Malaysia The Effect Of Bamboo Strip On The Impact And Hardness Performances Of Unsaturated Polyester Composites Kannan Rassiah, M.M.H Megat Ahmad, Aidy Ali and Haeryip Sihombing 6 006-icmce Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia Clamping Force Mechanism of Electro-Mechanical Continuously Variable Transmission for Automotive Izhari Izmi Mazali, Kamarul Baharin Tawi, Bambang Supriyo, Mohd Sabri Che Kob, Nurulakmar Abu Husain, Mohd Salman Che Kob 7 002-iccst University Teknologi Malaysia A New Mobile Robotic System for Intensive Aquaculture Industries Muhammad Azmi Ayub *1, Sahril Kushairi 2, Amir Abdul Latif 3 Universiti Teknologi MARA Session 3 Time: 1630-1800 Venue: Casalea Session Chair: Ir Dr Zahidy Abd Hamid No Paper ID Presenter 1 016-icabe How to attain accounting information systems quality? (Empirical evidence from manufacturing company in Bandung – Indonesia) Yenni Carolina 2 018-icabe Maranatha Christian University The impact of strategic learning orientation and reconfiguring capability on export performance of Small and Medium enterprises Samson Tope Abiodun, Rosli Mahmood 3 001-icelet Universiti Utara Malaysia The use of augmented reality application in a large-enrolment class for increasing students’ a ttention Nazatul Aini Abd Majid, Hazura Mohammed, Rossilawati Sulaiman 4 008-icelet Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia A Cluster Analysis of Students’ Interaction Level in An Online Asynchronous Forum Based on Their Patterns of Listening Behavior Kamalambal Durairaj, Irfan Umar 5 012-icabe Universiti Sains Malaysia The Soft Skills of Accounting Graduates: Employers’ Perspectives Natrah Saad, Kamil Md Idris 6 014-icabe Universiti Utara Malaysia Director independence, ownership concentration and earnings quality in MalaysiaAhmed Al-Rassas, Hasnah Kamardin Universiti Utara Malaysia Conference Venue Hotel Amaroosa Address: Jl. Aceh no 71A, JB, Indonesia website: www.amaroossahotel.com/bandung website: www.kagum-hotel.com Phone:+62 22 4222221 Conference Secretariat Contact: International Postgraduate Network (IPN.org) 37B Jalan Pelabur 23/B, Seksyen 23 40300 Shah Alam Selangor Darul Ehsan Malaysia Phone No. : +6018-2189487 (call/sms/whatsapp) Tel/Fax no: +603-55455516 Programme website: www.ipnconference.org www.internationalpostgraduatenetwork.org www.ipnmalaysia.org Contact Person: Azuan Ahmad (+6016-7672061-roaming) Note Note Note Note Note List of Abstract No 1 Paper ID 002-icabe Presenter What is the role of governmental support on organizational performance of small businesses? (A case of Malaysia small business) Yusra Lazim, Noor Azizan, Shahryar Sorooshian, Muhammad Ammar Bin Shafi, University Malaysia Pahang, Faculty of Technology Management, 26300, Pahang, Malaysia 2 005-icabe Abstract - Background: The primary concern of this study covers the small manufacturing b usinesses in Malaysia which considered the main pillar for the Malaysian economy. This stu dy focuses on the role of governmental support as one of the most important factors that cou ld have influence on the performance of small businesses. Objective: The study attempts to f ind a relationship between the governmental support for a sample of small manufacturing bu sinesses (exogenous variable) and the organizational performance of those businesses (endo genous variable). Results: This study infers that there is a significant relationship between g overnmental support and organizational performance. Conclusion: The finding of this study demonstrates the great role of Malaysian governmental support to enhance the performance of small businesses. Scientific labor resource management for non standard activities & task: Case study for security workforce Thong Sze Yee, Zuraidah Bt. Mohd Zain, Bhuvenesh Rajamony Department of Manufacturing Engineering, University Malaysia Perlis (UniMAP), Perlis, Malaysia 3 008-icabe Abstract- Background: Overhead labor cost contributes significantly to a company’s operating cost. In recent years, indirect work trends up and becoming as important as direct work in which gains its focus to have an accurate calculation on the indirect labor requirement to effectively manage the resource. However, majority of the indirect works are non-standard activities and the resource requirements are normally based on past experiences gained from former practices. Thus, time requirement-based data is needed for workers’ standard task activities. Objective: This paper presents a case study that concentrates on the determination of security workforce staffing level using scientific approach. The study extensively employs the work sampling method to compute the part time and full time workforce requirements. Results: The methodology undertaken has been proven to effectively monitor the workforce’ utilization rate of non-standard activities, and this allows the management to design the workforce coverage based on criticality in terms of duty location and time frame.Conclusion: Research results contribute to work measurement using a systematic approach to obtain the labor man-hour utilization rate, which optimizes the duty roster arrangement in terms of time schedule and duty location. Internal Audit (IA) Effectiveness: Resource-Based and Institutional Perspectives Halimah Nasibah Ahmad Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia. 4 009-icabe Abstract- Internal audit provides assistance to an organization in achieving its objectives through assessing and improving the effectiveness of risk management, control and governance processes. However, it is not simply the establishment of an IA function that is significant, but most importantly is the quality and its effectiveness. Hence, it is necessary to investigate the antecedents of the IA effectiveness in an attempt to ensure that an IA function is able to assist an organization in achieving its objectives and in improving its operations. For that reason, the main objective of this paper is to propose a theoretical framework that combines the resource-based and institutional theories in investigating the antecedents of the IA effectiveness. The combination of resource-based and institutional perspectives is deemed paramount as it highlights on the importance of the internal resources and the external environment of an organization in investigating determinants of the IA effectiveness. Constructionpreneurship: Entrepreneurship Activity within Construction Industry Zahidy Abd-Hamid, Noor Azlinna Azizan, Shahryar Sorooshian PhD Candidate, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Faculty of Industrial Management, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. Professor, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Centre of Entrepreneurship, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia. Senior Lecturer, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Faculty of Industrial Management, Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia . 5 011-icabe Abstract- Construction industry and entrepreneurship are regarded as the fuel to economic growth, creating employment and prosperity. For that reason, both of them constitute a vital part of every nation’s economic growth. Yet, little is known about the entrepreneurship activity in construction industry. In most cases, the construction management and entrepreneurship literature have evolved separately, with little cross-fertilization. This paperpresents the term of “constructionpreneurship” for the first time to define the process of corporate entrepreneurship within construction industry. It is argues that constructionpreneurs face unique challenges which have made them differ than corporateentrepreneurs from other businesses. Women Director Characteristics: Do They Add Value to Firm Performance? Rokiah Ishak, Noor Afza Amran, Kamarul Bahrain Abdul Manaf Affiliation of first author, School of Accountancy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia. Affiliation of second author, School of Accountancy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia. Affiliation of third author, School of Accountancy, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia. 6 012-icabe Abstract- Participation of women as a part of firm management becomes one of the nation agenda as the Malaysian government introduced a policy to increase women involvement at least 30% in corporate sectors in June 2011. The aim of this paper is to examine whether the characteristics of women as decision maker influence firm performance. Based on 2,384 firm observations from year 2001 to 2012, this study finds that women education level, age and ownership have a relationship with firm performance. These findings indicate that women directors who are older in age and have a degree qualification help to improve firm performance. In contrast, women ownership has a negative association with firm performance which indicates that women involvement in a company as shareholders do no contribute to the incremental of firm performance. Large firms enjoy high performance whilst capital intensive firms struggling in their performance. The Soft Skills of Accounting Graduates: Employers’ Perspectives Natrah Saad, Kamil Md Idris Universiti Utara Malaysia, School of Accountancy, 06010 Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia 7 014-icabe Abstract- The employability of accounting graduates has been an issue worldwide. It is often raised by the prospective employers that university graduates are technically proficient but lack of soft skills, such as communication and analytical thinking. Such claim leads to the question of whether the assertion made by the prospective employers truly reflects the graduates that the universities produce. Hence, this study was undertaken to investigate the level of soft skill competencies among 275 accounting students at Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) who underwent a six-month internship. Further, the study investigates the difference in soft skill competencies among ethnics and internship firms. In addition, the association between the soft skill competencies and Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) is also examined. Interestingly, this study looks at from the perspective of their prospective employers. Results show that UUM accounting students possess adequate soft skill competencies to enable them to compete in the global job market. Further, results indicate that there is no significance difference in soft skill competencies among students from different ethnicity and their internship firms. Moreover, results reveal that CGPA has no significant influence on their soft skill competencies. Findings from this study provide interesting ground to dispute the claim made by the industry on the inadequate soft skill competencies among the graduates, particularly from the accounting program offered in UUM. Specifically, the findings indicate that the prospective employers are reasonably satisfied with the accounting graduates who underwent their internship. Director independence, ownership concentration and earnings quality in Malaysia Ahmed Al-Rassas, Hasnah Kamardin Universiti Utara Malaysia, School of Accountancy, 06010 Sintok, Kedah Malaysia 8 015-icabe Abstract- High ownership concentration in Malaysian public listed companies contributes to the agency conflict between majority and minority shareholders. The demand for effective monitoring mechanisms is critical to mitigate this conflict. The study aims to examine the influence of board and audit committee independence and ownership concentration on earnings quality proxy by discretionary accruals. Sample of the study is 508 firms listed in Malaysia Main Market from 2009 to 2012. Two measures of discretionary accruals are used; modified Jones model (Dechow et al., 1995), and modified Jones model (Yoon et al., 2006). Results of the study suggest that audit committee independence is related to higher earnings quality. However, board of directors’ independence and ownership concentration are associated with lower earnings quality. The findings indicate the importance of audit committee independence in producing quality financial reporting. Consistent findings are found in most variables in both models. The findings have implication on the use of measurement of discretionary accruals in earnings management studies and to the corporate governance practices. Factors that affect accounting information systems and accounting information (Survey on Local Bank in Bandung-Indonesia) Rapina Maranatha Christian University, Accounting Department, Economics Faculty,Bandung.Indonesia Student of Accounting Doctoral Program, Economics and Business Faculty, Padjajaran University BandungIndonesia Abstract- Background: More organizations are realizing that quality information is essential 9 016-icabe to the success of the business activity. Accounting information quality is a competitive advantage for an organization. Information systems must be built with deep understanding of the organization in which the information systems will be used. The competitive advantage of a company is an indicator of the potential of the company is superior in making decisions than its competitors. Objective: This research examines the influence of transformational leadership style, the used of information technology and the quality of accounting information systems and their implications on the quality of accounting information. Results: The results showed that there were significant effects of the transformational leadership style, the used of information technology and quality of accounting information systems on the quality of accounting information. Conclusion: Transformational leadership style and the used of information technology affect the successful implementation of accounting information systems in an organization, because the quality of accounting information system produces accounting information quality. How to attain accounting information systems quality? (Empirical evidence from manufacturing company in Bandung – Indonesia) Yenni Carolina Maranatha Christian University, Accounting Department, Economics Faculty. Bandung-Indonesia Student of Accounting Doctoral Program, Economics and Business Faculty, Padjajaran University BandungIndonesia 10 018-icabe Abstract- Background: Nowadays many organizations realize that the qualities of accounting information are factors that affect the survival of the companies. Organizations need the information for their operations and decision making process. The lack of its quality will lead to losing organization competitive advantage. Accounting information quality only generated through the implementation of quality accounting information systems. Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of organizational culture, organizational commitment and transformational leadership to accounting information systems quality Results: The results showed that organizational culture, organizational commitment and transformational leadership significantly influence to accounting information systems Conclusion: Based on the results of this study fund that organizational culture, transformational leadership and organizational commitment influencing the quality of accounting information systemss and from the data processing can be concluded that organizational commitment is one of the factors that have stronger effect than others. The impact of strategic learning orientation and reconfiguring capability on export performance of Small and Medium enterprises Samson Tope Abiodun, Rosli Mahmood Universiti Utara Malaysia, School of Business Management(SBM), College of Business, 06010 UUM, Sintok, Kedah Darul Aman, Malaysia Abstract - The objective of this study is to investigate the relationships between learning orientation (LO), and export performance of SMEs and relationship between reconfiguring capability and export performance as well as determine the mediating effect of reconfiguring capability on the relationship between LO and export performance. This study emanated from the fact that only few studies have examined how the integration of strategic learning orientations and reconfiguring capabilities can drive the SMEs’ export performance. Based on a theoretical consideration, a model was proposed and three hypotheses were formulated. Having employed PLS-SEM on 201 useable data collected from exporting SMEs in Nigeria. The findings suggest that there is significant relationship between learning orientation and export performance and reconfiguring capability directly has significant impact on export performance and reconfiguring capability also mediates the relationship between learning orientation and export performance. This suggests that SMEs could benefit from reconfiguring and renewal of their asset base and act in response to opportunities and threat to realize first order transformation. Besides, this study provides research conclusion on the appropriateness of Learning orientation. No 1 Paper ID 003-icmce Presenter The Effect Of Bamboo Strip On The Impact And Hardness Performances Of Unsaturated Polyester Composites Kannan Rassiah, M.M.H Megat Ahmad, Aidy Ali and Haeryip Sihombing Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia (UPNM) Kem Sg. Besi, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Politeknik Merlimau (PMM). KB 1031, Pejabat Pos Merlimau, 77300, Melaka, MALAYSIA. Faculty of Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM), Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka MALAYSIA . 2 006-icmce Abstract- In this study the effects of bamboo strip on the impact and hardness properties were investigated. The bamboo strips with thicknesses of 1.5 mm, 2.0 mm, and 2.5 mm were used. The developed natural composite consist of bamboo strips (BS) reinforced with unsaturated polyester (UP) is produced using a hand lay-up technique. It is found that results on the impact strength of BS 2.5 mm register the highest with 4.2 J/mm2. The hardness found to be 35.7% higher than the inner layer. The Design of experiment (DOE) and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were employed to evaluate the effect on BS layer strips on the mechanical properties of the composites. Clamping Force Mechanism of Electro-Mechanical Continuously Variable Transmission for Automotive Izhari Izmi Mazali, Kamarul Baharin Tawi, Bambang Supriyo, Mohd Sabri Che Kob, Nurulakmar Abu Husain, Mohd Salman Che Kob Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia, 81610 Johor Bahru, Johor, MALAYSIA Abstract- Pulley-based continuously variable transmission (CVT) is a type of transmission that is widely used currently for automotive application. In a pulley-based CVT, torque is transferred from engine to wheels by using the friction force between the V-belt and the pulleys without using any discrete gears. Therefore, providing sufficient clamping force on the V-belt is very important in order to allow the torque to be transferred from the engine to the wheels. However, due to application of electro-hydro-mechanical (EHM) actuation system in the existing pulley-based CVT, the process to control sufficient clamping force becomes quite complicated. This leads to the inefficiency of the transmission, which eventually increase the fuel consumption of the car. In this paper, the working principle of the pulley-based CVT is briefly described. Consequently, the proposed clamping force mechanism for electro-mechanical (EM) CVT is explained and its benefits are discussed. No 1 Paper ID 002-iccst Presenter A New Mobile Robotic System for Intensive Aquaculture Industries Muhammad Azmi Ayub *1, Sahril Kushairi 2, Amir Abdul Latif 3 1 Universiti Teknologi MARA, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering , Malaysia Universiti Teknologi MARA, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering , Malaysia 3 Universiti Teknologi MARA, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering , Malaysia 2 Abstract- Background: In order to meet the increasing demand from agriculture industries in Malaysia, a fully automated robotic system is designed for intensive fish farm industries. Objective: The overall objective of this project is to introduce an automated method in fish feeding and water monitoring for intensive aquaculture industries. Results: This project is incorporating mechanical, electrical and software development, and will be focusing on design process of the robotic system. A structure approach will be discussed in designing and fabricating the drives and control mechanism, and the feeding mechanism of the robotic system. Conclusion: The results show that the automated feeding using mobile can reduce hire worker cost, enhance the table quality of fish, safe and practical to agriculture industries, improve agriculture technology, and more economic in long term fish food management. No 1 Paper ID 003-iceest Presenter Indoor Air Quality Assessment and Lung Functions among Children in Preschool at Selangor, Malaysia Chua Poh Choo*1, Juliana Jalaludin1, Titi Rahmawati Hamedon 2, Nor Mariah Adam3 1 Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Environmental & Occupational Health, Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, 43400 Selangor, Malaysia. 2 Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, 43400 Selangor, Malaysia. 3 Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, 43400 Selangor, Malaysia 2 007-iceest Abstract- Background: Poor indoor air quality (IAQ) has been associated with decreased gr owth in lung function among children. However, only little is known about the impact of po or IAQ. A cross-sectional comparative study was carried out among 39 preschools located in Selangor, Malaysia with 630 children from preschools located in urban, suburban and rural a rea. Objective: The aim of this study is to assess current IAQ status of preschools located in urban, suburban and rural area in Selangor and to compare the implications on children's lun g functions. Results: There was a significant difference between the indoor concentration of carbon monoxide (CO), particulate matter (PM) PM10, PM2.5 and Volatile Organic compo unds (VOCs)(p = 0.001; p = 0.005; p = 0.005; p = 0.006) among the studied preschools. Urb an area preschools have higher CO, PM10 and PM2.5 concentration as compared to prescho ols from suburban and rural area. Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume i n one second (FEV1), FVC% predicted and FEV1% predicted values were significantly low er among children from urban and suburban area preschools [(F = 5.708, p = 0.003); (F = 6. 985, p = 0.001); (F = 15.219, p = 0.001); (F = 16.441, p = 0.001)]. Conclusion: The findings concluded that exposures to poor IAQ might increase the risk of getting lung function abnor mality among children. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of Dengue Fever Prevention among Community in Kampung Bayam, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia Haliza Abdul Rahman1 and Eva Nabiha Zamri2 1 Department of Environmental & Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia ,43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, MALAYSIA. 2 Nursing Programme, School of Health Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia ,16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, MALAYSIA. Abstract- Background: Recently, dengue fever becomes one of the significant and importan t public health problems in Malaysia. In 2013, 43,346 cases were reported nationwide with 9 2 deaths in total. Dengue cases are on the rise, till august 16th 2014, 62,860 cases were repor ted nationwide with 120 fatal in total. Selangor state has the highest number of reported case s (32,732), followed by Kelantan (8,219) and the Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur and P utrajaya (4,826). Objective: To know the level of knowledge, attitude and the practices (KA P) of the community concerning the disease. Methodology: A cross sectional study was cond ucted to assess KAP in Kampung Bayam, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan. The number of respond ents involved are 51 (n=51). Results: The findings shows that villages had good knowledge (51%), good attitude (100%) but medium practice (69.6%) related to prevention of Aedes. Fr 3 008-iceest om the results, it can be concluded that demographic background which are age and sex doe s not influence the level of knowledge and practice related to dengue fever where p-value > 0.05. But, level of education influence the level of knowledge and practice among communit y where p-value = 0.01. There is no significant association level of KAP related to dengue fe ver prevention between communities. Outcome of this research also stated that there is a sig nificant correlation between level of knowledge and level of practice, level of knowledge an d level of attitude and also level of practice and level of attitude related to dengue fever prev ention among community in Kampung Bayam (p<0.05). Conclusion: The effective measure to prevent and control dengue is by preventing transmission of the disease require support, c ooperation and participation by the community. Uncertainty and Reliability of Comparison of Energetic Scenarios Sassi G.*1,2 and S.L. Pagliolico1 1 Department of Applied Sciences and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, C.so Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129-Torin o, Italy. 2 Institute on Metrological Research, INRIM, Strada delle Cacce 91, 10135-Torino, Italy. 4 009-iceest Abstract- Background: Comparison of scenarios that involve devices for conversion or prod uction of energy needs energetic criteria. Energy Payback Time is a typical energetic parame ter used to compare the performances of systems under specific scenarios. To discriminate b etween scenarios the difference of parameter values is considered. The significance of the di fference makes the confidence on the result and the reliability of a comparison, it depends o n the difference and its uncertainty. Objective: This paper shows and discusses how to evalu ate the uncertainty of the difference of parameters, defines a target uncertainty to achieve rel iable discrimination. A case study on photovoltaic scenarios is used to apply methodology, c ommercial modules monocrystalline Si, amorphous Si and polycrystalline Si were considere d for comparison. Results: Scenarios were compared by their energy payback time. All uncer tainty sources were quantified and discussed and energy payback time uncertainty was calcu lated. Confidence of comparisons was lower than 95% and a target uncertainty was calculate d. Conclusion: The use of uncertainty approach gives a much more detailed information on c omparison. Confidence is the reliability of the comparison. Uncertainty analysis identify the opportunities to reduce uncertainty and enhance confidence in comparison results. Indoor Air Quality and Its Association with Respiratory Health among Malay Preschool Children in Shah Alam and Hulu Langat, Selangor Anis Syafiqah Kamaruddin1, Juliana Jalaludin1, Chua Poh Choo1 1 Universiti Putra Malaysia, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia Abstract- Background: Indoor pollution sources are the primary cause of indoor air quality problems that will cause adverse health effects to the children. Objective: To determine the e xposure of IAQ and its association towards respiratory health among preschool children in i ndustrial and non- industrial area. Methods: A crosssectional comparative study was carried out among Malay preschool children in Shah Alam and Hulu Langat, Selangor. A total of 50 preschool children aged 5- 6 years old from preschools located in Shah Alam (exposed grou p) and Hulu Langat (comparative group) were selected. A set of questionnaire was used to o btain the background information, exposure history and respiratory symptoms.MM-SPOO4 Tabletop Portable Spirometer were used to conduct a lung function test among the children. IAQ parameters obtained includes indoor concentration of particulate matter (PM), Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), temperature, a ir velocity (AV) and relative humidity. Results: There was a significance difference between IAQ in exposed and comparative preschools for all parameters measured (p< 0.005). There were also significant associations between PM10 with cough, phlegm and chest tightness (P R=5.25, 95% CI= 1.12-24.6), (PR=2.63, 95% CI= 1.09-6.31) and (PR=1.63, 95% CI= 1.401.91). Results also show significant associations between PM10 and VOCs with FEV% (PR =5.55, 95% CI= 2.189-14.07), (PR=6.15, 95% CI= 2.565- 14.73). Conclusion: The finding s howed that exposures to poor IAQ might increase the risk of getting lung function abnormali ty and respiratory illness among study respondent. No 1 Paper ID 001-icelet Presenter The use of augmented reality application in a large-enrolment class for increasing stud ents’ attention Nazatul Aini Abd Majid*1, Hazura Mohammed 2, Rossilawati Sulaiman 2 1 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Center for Artificial Intelligence Technology (CAIT), Faculty of Informa tion Science and Technology, 43600 Bangi Selangor, Malaysia 2 Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Software Technology and Management (SOFTAM), Faculty of Informati on Science and Technology, 43600 Bangi Selangor, Malaysia 2 003-icelet Abstract- Maintaining students’ attention is difficult to gain in a traditional lecture centred c lass with high number of students. The objective of this study is to develop and evaluate an a ugmented reality (AR) based application that can be used to engage students’ attention in a l arge-enrolment class. The application can incorporate the view of real objects such as a mem ory stick and digital information together. This integrated view can be displayed on a projector in a lecture class. This approach is to gain students’ attention towards important lea rning objects so that it will help them to further concentrate on the details to attain in-depth understanding. The attention items in the Instructional Materials Motivation Survey were us ed to identify the impact of an augmented reality system on students’ attention for a largeenr olment class. The survey shows that the students’ attention in an AR based learning environ ment was better rated than those obtained in a slides-based learning environment. This show s that AR has a positive impact on the attention of computer science students in a large lectur e class. Students’ Perspectives towards Sustainable e-Learning in Malaysia Aidrina binti Mohamed Sofiadin Curtin University, School of Information Systems, Curtin Business School, GPO Box U1987, 6845 Perth WA Australia 3 006-icelet Abstract- Background: E-learning offers learning activities which allow users to use various learning tools within virtual learning environments via the Internet. The use of internet has s hifted online education as it provides the fundamental structure to deliver the contents and m ultimedia. This means technology become the key of the modern information society and a b ooster to reach sustainability. Objective This paper aims to present a survey findings based o n Malaysian students’ perspectives towards sustainable development via e-learning. Results: An online survey and a paper-based survey were distributed to four universities in Malaysia which were participated by 233 students are the main data collection method. Findings indic ate several elements of e-learning that can support sustainable development, namely: sustain able technology, sustainable mobile learning, sustainable education, sustainable e-learning, c onsistent infrastructure, sustainable e-learning activities, supportable mobility, effective bro wsing and connectivity, communication and interaction, efficiency, and participation. Concl usion: The identification of these elements of sustainable e-learning is crucial to allow stude nts to enjoy the benefits of e-learning while contributing towards sustainable development THE ROLE OF SOCIAL NETWORK APPLICATIONS AS ONE OF E-LEARNING TOOLS 1 TAISIR MOHAMMED HAMEED, ROSNAFISAH SULAIMAN 1 ZAINUDDIN BIN HJ. HASSAN AND 1 Department of Information Systems, College of IT, Universiti Tenaga Nasional Km7, Jalan Ikram-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia Abstract- This paper explains the role of social networks as an e-learning tool. The paper re views and compares the features of learning management system and social networks. More over, it presents a new transformation strategy model for development and implementation o f e-learning through social networks as an effective platform. The model has 3 phases for wh ich the details are described in the paper. The proposed model can be effectively used in trai 4 008-icelet ning centers as well as in small and medium size organizations in Malaysia for training empl oyees. Keywords: E-learning, Applications, Social network, Web A Cluster Analysis of Students’ Interaction Level in An Online Asynchronous Forum Based on Their Patterns of Listening Behavior Kamalambal Durairaj *1, Irfan Umar 2 1,2 Centre for Instructional Technology & Multimedia, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia Abstract- Background: Investigating the students’ interaction level in an online asynchrono us forum using cluster analysis according to their behavior. Objective: Investigating the stud ents’ listening behavior patterns (interaction level) in an online asynchronous discussion foru m using cluster analysis. Results: For group A, four clusters were identified and for group B, three clusters were identified. The clusters for each group differed in domains - temporali ty, breadth, depth and speaking. Conclusion: Cluster analysis identified subgroups of student s with different interaction level and characteristics. This consequently will assist the instruc tors to design intervention activities for target groups to increase their interaction level.
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