Linear Perspective

Linear Perspective
What is Linear Perspective?
Linear perspective is a way for an artist to recreate the threedimensional world on a two-dimensional surface in the most
logical and accurate way.
Types of Linear Perspective
One of the most important parts of making a perspective drawing is the
VANISHING POINT. The vanishing point gives the drawing its 3D quality.
So our types of perspective are distinguished by how many vanishing points it
One-point (1 pt.) Perspective:
has only one point on the horizon
and all orthogonals converge
toward that point.
Ex: looking down a road or hallway.
Types of Linear Perspective
Two-point (2 pt.) Perspective: has two points on the horizon line and they
can be placed anywhere on it. The same object is drawn as in 1 pt. but is now
Ex: looking at the corner of a building or two roads going down opposite
Types of Linear Perspective
Three-point (3 pt.) Perspective: gives you a bird’s eye or worm’s eye view.
So you’re looking at a building from above or below the horizon line.
Types of Linear Perspective
Four-point (4 pt.) perspective: Now we’re getting crazy. Four-point
perspective is like two-point perspective except that the parallel lines curve.
This type is no longer linear but is instead curvilinear. The picture frame is
longer and can depict a panoramic view.
Types of Linear Perspective
Five-point (5 pt.) Perspective: AKA “fisheye” perspective, this technique
uses four vanishing points around in a circle, with the fifth in the center. It
looks as though the objects are seen in a convex mirror.