Natural aflatoxin uptake by sugarcane (Saccharum

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Accessand Pollution Research
November 2014
Date: 20 Nov 2014
Natural aflatoxin uptake by sugarcane (Saccharum
officinaurum L.) and its persistence in jaggery
The present study focused on aflatoxin (AF) uptake by sugarcanes from contaminated soils, and its persistence in jaggery. Analysis of 25
agricultural soil samples from sugarcane growing fields revealed that 80 % were found contaminated with AF ranging from 0.5 to 22 ppb and
all samples harbored aflatoxigenic fungi. Forty percent of the juices extracted from sugarcane grown in contaminated soil recorded AF ranging
from 1.0 to 9.5 ppb. Conversely, jaggery prepared from those samples was almost free from AF. Further, greenhouse experiment confirms
the AF uptake ability of sugarcane plants. Analysis of sugarcane juice and jaggery collected from local vendor showed 21 % (0.5 to 6.5 ppb)
and 5.6 % (0.5–1.0 ppb) of AF contamination, respectively. Aflatoxigenic Aspergillus flavus strain was evaluated for their ability to grow and
produce AF on jaggery medium. At 14th day after inoculation, decreased concentration of AF was recorded in jaggery medium ranging from
0 to 120 mg jaggery/ml, above which AF was absent though the fungal growth was noted. From the results, it could be concluded that
sugarcane plants have the ability to uptake AF from contaminated soil, but AF was reduced during jaggery preparation. Also, higher
concentration of jaggery was inhibitory to AF production.
Responsible editor: Philippe Garrigues
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Natural aflatoxin uptake by sugarcane (Saccharum officinaurum L.) and its persistence in jaggery
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P. Hariprasad (1)
A. V. Vipin (2)
S. Karuna (2)
R. K. Raksha (2)
G. Venkateswaran (2)
Author Affiliations
1. Centre for Rural Development and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi,
110016, India
2. Food Microbiology Department, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, 570 020, Karnataka,
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