Abbreviations

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Abbreviations
We use a number of abbreviations in our medical reference articles. The following table, which will be updated
regularly, provides the abbreviation in full.
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% abv
percentage alcohol by volume
ac
ante cibum (before food)
AIIRA
angiotensin-II receptor antagonist
AAFB
acid-alcohol fast bacilli
AAS
atomic absorbance spectrophotometry
Ab
antibody
ABC
abacavir
ABG
arterial blood gasses
ABPI
ankle brachial pressure index
ABR
auditory brainstem response
ACBS
Advisory Committee on Borderline Substances
ACDP
Advisory Committee on Dangerous Pathogens
ACE
angiotensin-converting enzyme
ACEI
angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
aCL
anticardiolipin
ACR
albumin:creatinine ratio
ACT
artemisinin-based combination therapy
ACTH
adrenocorticotrophic hormone
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
AECG
ambulatory electrocardiography
AED
automated external defibrillators
AF
atrial fibrillation
AFE
amniotic fluid embolism
AFP
alpha-fetoprotein
AGXT
alanine-glyoxylate aminotransferase
AIDS
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIO
Ambulance Incident Officer
AJ
ankle jerk
ALF
acute liver failure
ALS
amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
AMAs
anti-mitochondrial antibodies
AMH
anti-Müllerian hormone
AMHP
Approved Mental Health Professional
ANA
antinuclear antibody
ANCA
antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody
Anti-GBM
antiglomerular basement membrane antibody
anti-RNP
antibodies to ribonucleoprotein
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anti-U1-RNP
anti-U1-ribonucleoprotein
a-NVH
asymptomatic non-visible haematuria
AP
anteroposterior
aPL
antiphospholipid
aPPT
activated partial thromboplastin time
APT
adaptive pacing therapy
APUD
amine precursor uptake and decarboxylation
AR
ankle reflex
ARB
angiotensin receptor blocker
ARC
AIDS-related complex
ARDS
acute/adult respiratory distress syndrome
ARR
absolute risk reduction
ART
assisted reproduction technique
ARVC
arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy
ASD
autistic spectrum disorder
ASW
approved social worker
ASTRAL
Angioplasty and Stent for Renal Artery Lesions
ATC
around the clock
ATRA
all-trans retinoic acid
AVJRT
atrioventricular junctional re-entry tachycardia
AVNRT
atrioventricular nodal re-entry tachycardia
AVNT
atrioventricular nodal tachycardia
AZOOR
acute zonal occult outer retinopathy
BAER
brainstem auditory evoked response
BAL
bronchoalveolar lavage
BALT
bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue
BAN
British Approved Name
BCBV
Better Care Better Value
BCG
Bacille Calmette-Guérin
BCh
Bachelor of Surgery
bd
bis di twice daily
BDD
body dysmorphic disorder
BHR
bronchial hyperresponsiveness
BiPAP
bilevel positive airway pressure
BJ
biceps jerk
BM
Bachelor of Medicine
BMA
British Medical Association
BMD
bone mineral density
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BMI
Body Mass Index
BMJ
British Medical Journal
BMedSci
Bachelor of Medical Sciences
BMM
behavioural migraine management
BMS
bare metal stent
BMT
bone marrow transplantation
BMZ
basement membrane zone
BNF
British National Formulary
BNP
brain natriuretic peptide
BP
blood pressure
BPharm
Bachelor of Pharmacy
bpm
beats per minute
BPP
biophysical profile
BR
biceps reflex
BRA
bilateral renal agenesis
BRI
building-related illness
BSAP
bone-specific alkaline phosphatase
BSE
bovine spongiform encephalopathy
BS MB
Bachelor of Surgery and Bachelor of Medicine
BSO
bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
C1-INH
C1-inhibitor antigenic protein
Ca
carcinoma
CA
carbohydrate antigen
CABG
coronary artery bypass graft
CAD
computer-aided detection
CA-MRSA
community-acquired MRSA
cANCA
classical antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies
CAPD
continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
CAPS
catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome
CaSR
calcium-sensitive receptor
CAT
cognitive analytic therapy
cc
cum cibo (with food)
CCDC
consultant in communicable disease control
CCF
congestive cardiac failure
CCGR
complete cytogenetic remission
CCP
cyclic citrullinated peptide
CCPD
continuous cycler-assisted peritoneal dialysis
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CCU
coronary care unit
CDCR
conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy
CDI
Children's Depression Inventory
CDI
cranial diabetes insipidus
CDT
cardiotocograph
CEA
carcinoembryonic antigen
CER
control event rate
CES
Center for Epidemiologic Studies
CES
cauda equina syndrome
CES-D
Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale
CF
complement fixation
CFC
chlorofluorocarbon
CfI
Centre for Infections
cfu
colony-forming unit
CFS
chronic fatigue syndrome
CFTR
cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator
CHAOS
congenital high upper airway obstruction syndrome
CHART
continuous hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy
CHB
complete heart block
CHC
Community Health Council
CHD
coronary heart disease
CHM
Commission on Human Medicines
CHMP
Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use
CIRCI
critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency
CIS
carcinoma in situ
cm
centimetre
CMACE
Centre for Maternal and Child Enquiries
CNS
central nervous system
CNV
choroidal neovascularisation
COAD
chronic obstructive airways disease
COCP
combined oral contraceptive pill
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
COMT
catechol-O-methyltransferase
COSHH
Committee on Substances Hazardous to Health
COT
Consultation Observation Tool
CPAP
continuous positive airway pressure
CPD
continuing professional development
CQC
Care Quality Commission
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CRP
C-reactive protein
CRT
cardiac resynchronisation therapy
CSDD
Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia
CSE
combined spinal-epidural
CSII
continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion
CSSD
central sterile supply department
CSSRs
councils with social services responsibilities
CT
computed tomography
CTG
cardiotocograph
CTPA
computed tomography pulmonary angiogram
CTR
cardiothoracic ratio
CTSI
computed tomography severity index
CUP
carcinoma of unknown primary
CVE/CVA
cerebrovascular event/cerebrovascular accident
CVP
central venous pressure
CVS
chorionic villus biopsy
CXR
chest X-ray
DA
Diploma in Anaesthetics
DABA
dual action bone agent
DAT
direct antiglobulin test
db HL
decibels hearing loss
DCD
developmental co-ordination disorder
DCG
dacryocystogram
DCh
Doctor of Surgery
DCH
Diploma in Child Health
DCIS
ductal carcinoma in situ
DCP
Diploma in Clinical Pathology
DCR
dacryocystorhinostomy
dcSSC
diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis
DDH
developmental dysplasia of the hip
DDS
Doctor of Dental Surgery
DEN
Doctor's Educational Need
DES
drug-eluting stent
DEXA
dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
DFA
direct fluorescent antibody
DFHom
Diploma of the Faculty of Homeopathy
DFM
Diploma in Forensic Medicine
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DFSA
drug-facilitated sexual assault
dGEMRIC
gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of cartilage
DGM
Diploma in Geriatric Medicine
DGO
Diploma in Gynaecology and Obstetrics
DHEA
dehydroepiandrosterone
DIC
disseminated intravascular coagulation
DIF
direct immunofluorescence
DIP
distal interphalangeal
Dip GU Med
Diploma in Genitourinary Medicine
dL
decilitre
DLBCL
diffuse large B-cell lymphoma
DLCO
diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide
DM
diabetes mellitus
DMARD
disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug
DMR
Diploma in Medical Radiology
DMSA
dimercaptosuccinic acid
DO
Diploma in Ophthalmology
DObst
Diploma in Obstetrics
DOT
directly observed therapy
DPath
Diploma in Pathology
DPF
Dental Practitioners' Formulary
DPH
Diploma in Public Health
DPhil
Doctor of Philosophy
DPhysMed
Diploma in Physical Medicine
DPM
Diploma in Psychological Medicine
DQ
developmental quotient
DR
Diploma in Radiology
DRCOG
Diploma Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
DRCPath
Diploma Royal College of Pathologists
DRESS
Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms
DREZ
dorsal root entry zone
DS
Doctor of Surgery
DSP
digital signal processing
DTs
delirium tremens
DTaP
diphtheria (D), tetanus (T) and acellular pertussis (aP)
DTB
Drug and Therapeutics Bulletin
DXR
digital X-ray radiogrammetry
e/c
enteric-coated
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EBL
estimated blood loss
EBM
evidence-based medicine
EBNA
EBV nuclear antigen
EBUS TBNA
endobronchial US-guided transbronchial needle aspiration
ECMO
extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
ECT
electroconvulsive therapy
ECV
external cephalic version
EDAMS
encephalo-duro-arterio-myo-synangiosis
EDC
estimated date of confinement
EDD
expected date of delivery
EDS
excessive daytime sleepiness
EER
experimental event rate
EFWC
electrolyte-free water clearance
eGFR
estimated glomerular filtration rate
EIA
enzyme immunoassay
ELISA
enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
EMA
endomysial antibodies
EMDA
electromotive drug administration
EMDAS
encephalomyoduroarteriosynangiosis
EMG
electromyography
ENG
electronystagmography
eod
every other day
EOG
electro-oculogram
ePACT
electronic Prescribing Analysis and Cost Tool
EPDS
Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale
ePFIP
electronic Prescribing and Financial Information for Practices
EPO
erythropoietin
EPSEs
extra-pyramidal side-effects
ER
(o)estrogen receptor
ERCP
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ERG
electroretinography
ERP
exposure and relapse prevention
ERT
enzyme replacement therapy
ESBL
extended-spectrum beta-lactamase
ESES
electrical status epilepticus in sleep
ESR
erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESWL
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
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EUA
examination under anaesthesia
EUS
endoscopic ultrasonography
EVAR
endovascular aneurysm/aortic repair
f/c
film-coated
FAP
familial adenomatous polyposis
FAMM
familial atypical mole and melanoma
FAST
F ace Arm S peech T est
FBC
full blood count
FDG
fluorodeoxyglucose
FDG-PET
fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography
FEIA
fluorescent enzyme immunoassay
FENa
fractional excretion of sodium
FEUrea
fractional excretion of urea
FEV1
forced expiratory volume in one second
FFA
Fellow Faculty of Anaesthetists
FFCM
Fellow Faculty of Community Medicine
FFDM
full-field digital mammography
FFFP
Fellow of the Faculty of Family Planning
FFHom
Fellow of the Faculty of Homeopathy
FFPath
Fellow Faculty of Pathology
FFPHM
Fellow Faculty of Public Health Medicine
FFR
Fellow Faculty of Radiologists
FISH
dual fluorescence in situ hybridisation
FLA-ABS
fluorescent antibody absorption test
fl oz
fluid ounce
FMRP
fragile X mental retardation protein
FNA
fine-needle aspiration
FNAC
fine-needle aspiration cytology
FPR
false positive rate
FRCA
Fellow Royal College of Anaesthetists
FRCGP
Fellow Royal College of General Practitioners
FRCOG
Fellow Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
FRCOphth
Fellow Royal College of Ophthalmology
FRCPath
Fellow Royal College of Pathologists
FRCPS
Fellow Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons
FRCPsych
Fellow Royal College of Psychiatrists
FRCR
Fellow Royal College of Radiologists
FRCS
Fellow Royal College of Surgeons
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FRS
Fellow of the Royal Society
FRSH
Fellow Royal Society of Health
FSE
fetal scalp electrode
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone
FVC
forced vital capacity
>
greater than
g
gram
GA
general anaesthetic
GABS
Group Abeta-haemolytic streptococcus
GAD
glutamic acid decarboxylase
GALC
galactosylceramidase
GALT
gut-associated lymphoid tissue
GARS
gait abnormality rating scale
GBM
glomerular basement membrane
GCA
giant cell arteritis
G-CSF
granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
GDM
gestational diabetes mellitus
GDS
Geriatric Depression Scale
GHRH
growth hormone-releasing hormone
GIFT
gamete intrafallopian transfer
GIST
gastrointestinal stromal tumour
GIT
gastrointestinal tract
GP
General Practitioner
GPi
globus pallidus interna
GR
glucocorticoid receptor
GRBAS
Grade, Roughness, Breathy voice, Asthenia and Strain
GREG
guideline recommendation and evidence grading
GVHD
graft-versus-host disease
HA-MRSA
hospital-acquired MRSA
HAART
highly active antiretroviral therapy
HACCP
Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points
HAM
HTLV-1-associated myelopathy
HaNDL
headache and neurological deficits + CSF lymphocytosis
HAV
hepatitis Avirus
HAVS
hand-arm vibration syndrome
HBcAg
hepatitis B core antigen
HBeAg
hepatitis B e antigen
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HBsAg
hepatitis B surface antigen
HCTD
hereditary connective tissue disorders
HDCV
human diploid cell vaccine
HFNEF
heart failure with a normal ejection fraction
HFPSF
heart failure with preserved systolic function
HGPRT
hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyltransferase
Hib
Haemophilus influenzae type b
HIDA
hepatobiliary imino-diacetic acid
HIFU
high-intensity focused ultrasound
HNIG
human normal immunoglobulin
HNPP
hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies
HOCM
hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy
HoLEP
holmium laser enucleation of the prostate
HONK
hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma
HOOF
Home Oxygen Order Form
HPACHaPD
HPAChemical Hazards and Poisons Division
HPANPIS
HPANational Poisons Information Service
HPN
home parenteral nutrition
HPU
Health Protection Unit
HRCT
high-resolution CT
HRV
heart rate variability
HSC
Health and Social Care
hs-CRP
high-sensitivity C-reactive protein
HSG
hysterosalpingogram
HTLV-1
human T-cell leukaemia virus type 1
HVA
homovanillic acid
HVPG
hepatic venous pressure gradient
HYVET
HY pertension in the V ery E lderly T rial
Hz
hertz
IABP
intra-aortic balloon pump counterpulsation
ICAM-1
intercellular adhesion molecule-1
ICAS
Independent Complaints Advocacy Services
ICD
implantable cardiac defibrillator
ICHD
International Classification of Headache Disorders
ICP
intracranial pressure
ICP-MS
inductively-coupled plasma-mass spectrometry
ICS
intercostal space
ICSI
intracytoplasmic sperm injection
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ICU
intensive care unit
IDDM
insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
IDIF
indirect immunofluorescence
IE
infective endocarditis
IFN-gamma
interferon-gamma
IGF-I
insulin-like growth factor-I
IGFBP-3
insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-3
IGT
impaired glucose tolerance
IHD
ischaemic heart disease
IM
intramuscular/ly
IMB
intermenstrual bleeding
IMiD
immunomodulatory drug
IPPV
intermittent positive pressure ventilation
IPR
impaired polysaccharide responsiveness
IPV
inactivated polio vaccine
IQCODE
Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly
IRMA
intraretinal microvascular abnormality
IRT
immunoreactive trypsinogen
ISS
Injury Severity Score
IUCD
intrauterine contraceptive device
IUI
intrauterine insemination
in vivo
within the living
IVF-ET
in vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer
IVIG
intravenous immunoglobulin
IVII
IV insulin infusion
IVP
intravenous pyelogram
IVRA
intravenous regional anaesthesia
IVU
intravenous urogram
JCVI
Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation
JVP
jugular venous pressure
kcal
kilocalorie
kg
kilogram
KJ
knee jerk
KOH
potassium hydroxide
KR
knee reflex
KTP
potassium titanyl phosphate
<
less than
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L
litre
LA
local anaesthetic
LA
lupus anticoagulant
LABAs
long-acting beta2 agonists
LACIs
lacunar infarcts
LAIV
live attenuated influenza vaccine
LAMB
lentigines, atrial myxoma, mucocutaneous myxoma, blue naevi
LAP
leukocyte alkaline phosphatase
LARC
long-acting reversible contraceptive
LASEK
laser epithelial keratomileusis
LASIK
laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis
LAUP
laser-assisted uvulopalatoplasty
lb
pound
LCR
ligase chain reaction
LDH
lactate dehydrogenase
LFHom
Licensed Associate of the Faculty of Homeopathy
LFTs
liver function tests
LGIB
lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding
LH
luteinising hormone
LHH
likelihood of being helped or harmed
LHRHa
luteinising hormone-releasing hormone agonist
LIF
left iliac fossa
LINks
Local Involvement Networks
LLETZ
large loop excision of the transformation zone
LMA
laryngeal mask airway
LMP
last menstrual period
LMWH
low molecular weight heparin
LOC
loss of consciousness
LOD
laparoscopic ovarian 'drilling'
LSCS
lower segment Caesarean section
LSD
lysergic acid diethylamide
LTK
laser thermal keratoplasty
μg (mcg)
microgram
m
metre
m3
cubic metre
mm3
cubic millimetre
mm Hg
millimetre of mercury
mol
mole
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m/r
modified-release
MAC
membrane attack complex
MALT
mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue
MAOIs
monoamine oxidase inhibitors
MBAcA
Member British Acupuncture Association
MB BCh
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MB BChir
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MB BS
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MB ChB
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MBL
mannose-binding lectin
MCAD
medium-chain acyl-CoAdehydrogenase
MCh
mean corpuscular haemoglobin
MCH
Master of Surgery
MChir
Master of Surgery
MChOrth
Master of Orthopaedic Surgery
MCI
mild cognitive impairment
MClinPsychol
Master of Clinical Psychology
MCOT
mobile cardiac outpatient telemetry
MCP
metacarpophalangeal
MCR
major cytogenetic remission
MC&S
microscopy, culture and sensitivity
MCTD
mixed connective tissue disease
MCUG
micturating cystourethrogram
MCV
mean cell volume
MD
Doctor of Medicine
MDR
multidrug-resistant
MDT
multidrug therapy
MEB
muscle-eye-brain (disease)
MEL
maximum exposure limit
MELD
model for end-stage liver disease
MEN
multiple endocrine neoplasia
MenC
meningitis C
mEq
milliequivalent
MERIT
Medical Emergency Response Incident Team
MEWDS
multiple evanescent white dot syndrome
MFCPU
multifocal choroiditis with panuveitis
MFFP
Member Faculty of Family Planning
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MFHom
Member of the Faculty of Homeopathy
MFOM
Member Faculty of Occupational Medicine
MFPHM
Member Faculty of Public Health Medicine
MFPR
multifetal pregnancy reduction
mg
milligram
MGUS
monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance
miRNAs
microRNAs
MID
multi-infarct dementia
MIO
Medical Incident Officer
MIS
Müllerian-inhibiting substance
Mitf
microphthalmia transcription factor
MJ
megajoule
MKP
melanoma of known primary source
mL
millilitre
MMed
Master of Medicine
MMedSci
Master of Medical Science
MMR
measles, mumps and rubella
MODY
maturity onset diabetes of the young
MOH
medicine overuse headache
MPIG
Minimum Practice Income Guarantee
MR
modified release
MRA
magnetic renal angiography
MRCGP
Member Royal College of General Practitioners
MRCOG
Member Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
MRCP
Member Royal College of Physicians
MRCPath
Member Royal College of Pathologists
MRCPsych
Member Royal College of Psychiatrists
MRCS
Member Royal College of Surgeons
MRI
magnetic resonance imaging
MRCP
magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
MRSA
meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
MRV
magnetic resonance venography
MSAFP
maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein
MSLT
multiple sleep latency test
MSSA
meticillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus
MSU
mid-stream specimen of urine
MTCT
mother-to-child transmission
MUA
manipulation under anaesthetic
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MUD
matched unrelated donor
MUP
melanoma of unknown primary source
MUGA
multiple-gated acquisition
MUPS
medically unexplained physical symptoms
MUS
medically unexplained symptoms
MuSK
muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase
Na
sodium
NAAT
nucleic acid amplification test
NABSA
nucleic acid sequence-based amplification technique
NAC
N-acetylcysteine
NAD
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide
NADP
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
NAME
naevi, atrial myxoma, myxoid neurofibroma and ephilides
NASH
non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
NaTHNaC
National Travel Health Network and Centre
NBT
nitroblue tetrazolium
NCS
nerve conduction studies
NDI
nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
NE
niacin equivalents
NESP
novel erythropoiesis stimulating protein
NICE
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence
NICU
neonatal intensive care unit
NIDDM
non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
NISS
New Injury Severity Score
NIV
non-invasive ventilation
nL
nanolitre
NNH
number needed to harm
NNRTI
non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NNT
number needed to treat
NOIDs
Notifications of Infectious Diseases
NPF
Nurse Prescribers' Formulary
NPIS
National Poisons Information Service
NPPV
noninvasive positive pressure ventilation
NRTI
nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor
NSAID
non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
NSE
neuron-specific enolase
NSTACS
non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome
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NSTEMI
non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction
NTD
neural tube defect
NT-proBNP
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide
NVH
non-visible haematuria
OAES
otoacoustic emissions screen
OATS
osteoarticular transplantation
OC&P
ova, cysts and parasites
OCT
optical coherence tomography
od
omni die (every day)
OES
occupational exposure standard
OGD
oesophagogastroduodenoscopy
om
omni mane (every morning)
OMIM
Online Mendelian Inheritence in Man
on
omni nocte (every night)
OTC
over-the-counter
OGTT
oral glucose tolerance test
OPCAB
off-pump coronary artery bypass
ORIF
open reduction internal fixation
PACG
primary angle closure glaucoma
PACT
prescribing analysis and cost tabulation
PAGE
polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis
PAI
photoacoustic imaging
PAIR
Puncture, Aspiration, Injection, Re-aspiration
PALS
Patient Advice and Liaison Services
PAM
proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, metronidazole
PAPP-A
pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A
PAPS
primary antiphospholipid syndrome
PAS
periodic acid-Schiff
PATH
Proteinuria/Antiphospholipid syndrome/Thrombocytopenia/Hypertension
PBP
progressive bulbar palsy
pc
post cibum (after food)
PCB
post-coital bleeding
PCC
Patient Client Council
PCEC
purified chick embryo cell
PCI
percutaneous coronary intervention
PCNL
percutaneous nephrolithotomy
PCNSL
primary central nervous system lymphoma
PCOS
polycystic ovary syndrome
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PCR
polymerase chain reaction
PCV
pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
PCWP
pulmonary capillary wedge pressure
PDA
patent ductus arteriosus
PDD
pervasive developmental disorder
PDL
pulsed dye laser
PDT
photodynamic therapy
PEA
pulseless electrical activity
PECS
picture exchange communication system
PEEP
positive end-expiratory pressure
PEG
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
PEP
post-exposure prophylaxis
PEPSE
post-exposure prophylaxis after sexual exposure
PERLA
pupils equal + react to light and accommodation
PEST
psoriasis epidemiology screening tool
PET
positron emission tomography
PF(R)
peak flow (rate)
PI
protease inhibitor
PIC
punctate inner choroidopathy
PICU
paediatric intensive care unit
PIP
proximal interphalangeal
PIVKA-II
protein induced from vitamin K absence
PJRT
permanent junctional re-entrant tachycardia
PLDH
pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride
PLHA
people living with HIV/AIDS
PLMS
periodic limb movements of sleep
PLP1
proteolipid protein-1
PLS
primary lateral sclerosis
PM
polymyositis
PMA
progressive muscular atrophy
PMETB
Postgraduate Medical Education Training Board
PML
progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
PMN
polymorphonuclear
PMR
polymyalgia rheumatica
PND
postnasal drip
po
per os by mouth
POAG
primary open angle glaucoma
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POCT
point of care test
POEM
Patient-oriented Eczema Measure
POIC
progestogen-only injectable contraceptive
PoM
prescription-only medication
POP
plaster of Paris
POSDI
progestogen-only subdermal implant
POSE
primary obesity surgery, endoscopic
POTS
postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome
PP
pancreatic polypeptide
PP
psychogenic polydipsia
PPD
purified protein derivative
PPE
personal protective equipment
PPI
proton pump inhibitor
ppm
parts per million
PPRA-gamma
peroxisome proliferator-activated gamma
PPROM
preterm, prelabour rupture of membranes
PPV
pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine
PR
progesterone receptor
PRA
preoperative risk assessment
PRL
prolactin
prn
pro re nata (when required)
PRNP
PR ioN P rotein
PRP
polyribosyl ribitol phosphate
PS
polysomnography
PSA
prostate specific antigen
PSVT
paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PT
prothrombin time
PTA
polymyxin/tobramycin/amphotericin
PTBD
percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage
PTCA
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PTH
parathyroid hormone
PTRAA
percutaneous transluminal renal artery angioplasty
PTX
pneumothorax
PUFA
polyunsaturated fatty acid
PUNS
Patient's Unmet Needs
PUO
pyrexia of unknown origin
PVA
polyvinyl alcohol
PVS
persistent vegetative state
Page 20 of 24
qad
quoque alternis die (every other day)
qam
quaque die ante meridiem (every day before noon)
qd
quaque die (every day)
qds
quater die sumendum (to be taken four times daily)
qh
quaque hora (every hour)
qhs
quaque hora somni (every night at bedtime)
qid
quattuor in die (four times a day)
qod
every other day
qpm
quaque die post meridiem (every day after noon)
qqh
quarta quaque hora (every four hours)
®
registered trademark
RAADP
routine antenatal anti-D prophylaxis
RADS
Reynolds' Adolescent Depression Scale
RAEB
refractory anaemia with excess blasts
RAEBt
refractory anaemia with excess blasts in transformation
RAPD
relevant afferent pupil defect
RARS
refractory anaemia with ringed sideroblasts
RAS
renin angiotensin system
RAST
radioallergosorbent test
RCA
root cause analysis
RCDS
Reynolds' Child Depression Scale
RCGP
Royal College of General Practitioners
RCN
Royal College of Nursing
RCOG
Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
RCT
randomised controlled trial
RDS
respiratory distress syndrome
RDT
rapid diagnostic test
REBT
rational emotive behavioural therapy
REE
resting energy expenditure
rFVIIa
recombinant activated factor VIIa
rHA
recombinant haemagglutinin
rhG-CSF
recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor
rHuEPO
recombinant human erythropoietin
RICE
Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation
RIF
right iliac fossa
RIFLE
Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, End-stage kidney disease
RIMA
Reversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase type A
Page 21 of 24
rINN
Recommended International Non-proprietary Name
RLS
restless legs syndrome
RMO
responsible medical officer
rNA
recombinant neuraminidase
RPGN
rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
RPR
rapid plasmin reagin
RPS19
small ribosomal protein 19
RPSGB
Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain
RRR
relative risk reduction
RSI
repetitive strain injury
RTA
renal tubular acidosis
RUQ
right upper quadrant
RVOT
right ventricular outflow tract
s/c
sugar-coated
SABRE
serious and adverse blood reactions and events
SAD
seasonal affective disorder
SAD
social anxiety disorder
SAH
subarachnoid haemorrhage
SALT
skin-associated lymphoid tissue
SBE
subacute bacterial endocarditis
SCD
sudden cardiac death
SCHIN
Sowerby Centre for Health Informatics at Newcastle
SCID
severe combined immune deficiency
SCS
spinal cord stimulation
SCT
supervised community treatment
SEGA
subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
SEN
subependymal nodule
SERMs
selective (o)estrogen receptor modulators
SFH
symphyseal fundal height
SGA
small for gestational age
SHOX
stature homeobox-containing gene
SIGN
Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network
SIRS
systemic inflammatory response syndrome
SITREP
situation report
SJ
supinator jerk
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
SLR
straight leg raise
SLS
selected list scheme
Page 22 of 24
SMC
Scottish Medicines Consortium
SNOMED
Standardised Nomenclature of Medicine
SNRIs
serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors
s-NVH
symptomatic non-visible haematuria
SOCOs
Scene of Crime Officers
SPC
Summary of Product Characteristics
SPECT
single-photon emission computed tomography scanning
SpR
Specialist Registrar
SPRM
selective progesterone receptor modulator
SR
supinator reflex
SRS
somatostatin receptor scintigraphy
SRT
structured reflective template
SSRI
selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
SSS
subclavian steal syndrome
START
Screening Tool to Alert doctors to Right Treatment
stat
statim (immediately)
STEMI
ST segment elevation myocardial infarction
STN
subthalamic nucleus
STOPP
Screening Tool of Older Persons Prescriptions
SURUSS
Serum Urine and Ultrasound Screening Study
SVTs
supraventricular tachycardias
SXA
single energy X-ray absorptiometry
SXR
skull X-ray
TACE
transcatheter arterial chemoembolisation
TAPP
transabdominal preperitoneal
TATTS
tired all the time syndrome
TBSA
total burn surface area
TDF
tenofovir DF
Td/IPV
tetanus, diphtheria and polio
tds
ter die sumendum (to be taken three days daily)
TEE
transoesophageal echocardiography
TENS
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TEP
totally extraperitoneal
TESE
testicular sperm extraction
TEVAR
thoracic endovascular aneurysm/aortic repair
TIA
transient ischaemic attack
tid
ter in die (three times daily)
Page 23 of 24
TIPS
transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
TIVAS
totally implantable venous access system
tiw
three times a week
TJ
triceps jerk
TKI
tyrosine kinase inhibitor
TLC
total lung capacity
TMS
transcranial magnetic stimulation
TNA
transient neurological attack
TOP
termination of pregnancy
tPA
tissue plasminogen activator
TPN
total parenteral nutrition
TR
triceps reflex
TRALI
transfusion-related acute lung injury
TRISS
Trauma and Injury Severity Score
TRT
tinnitus retraining therapy
TSE
transmissible spongiform encephalopathy
TSH
thyroid-stimulating hormone
TSS
toxic shock syndrome
TTE
transthoracic echocardiography
tTG
tissue transglutaminase
TUIP
transurethral incision of the prostate
TURP
transurethral resection of the prostate
TUVP
transurethral vaporisation of the prostate
TYM
Test Your Memory
U&E
urea and electrolytes
UCTD
unclassified connective tissue disorder
ud
ut dictum (as directed)
UGIB
upper gastrointestinal bleeding
ULN
upper limit of normal
UPD
uniparental disomy
UPPP
uvelopalatopharyngoplasty
URA
unilateral renal agenesis
VATS
video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery
VCA
viral capsid antigen
VEP
visual evoked potential
VF
ventricular fibrillation
VGCC
voltage-gated calcium channel
VH
visible haematuria
Page 24 of 24
VIP
vasoactive intestinal polypeptide
VLCFA
very long chain fatty acids
VLDL
very low-density lipoprotein
VMA
vanillylmandelic acid
VPI
velopharyngeal insufficiency
VT
ventricular tachycardia
VTEC O157
verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli O157
WASP
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein
WATCH
Working Group on the Assessment of Toxic Chemicals
WBH-DTI
whole-brain histogram of diffusion tensor imaging
WCC
white cell count
WHO
World Health Organization
WLL
whole-lung lavage
WRIGHT
WHO Research into global hazards of travel
XDR
extensively drug-resistant
Y
Z
Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical
conditions. EMIS has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its
accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.
For details see our conditions.
Original Author:
Ros Jones
Current Version:
Ros Jones
Peer Reviewer:
Hilary Cole
Last Checked:
19/07/2012
Document ID:
12418 (v31)
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