Real world Windows Phone development Igor Kulman [email protected]

Real world Windows Phone
development
Igor Kulman
[email protected]
@igorkulman
About Igor Kulman
• Windows Phone and Microsoft Azure
developer at Inmite
• Developing for Windows Phone since
2011
•
web: http://www.kulman.sk, blog: http://blog.kulman.sk, github: https://github.com/igorkulman
Goal
Develop maintanable and testable
Windows Phone applications
Agenda
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Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM)
Caliburn.Micro
INotifyPropertyChanged (Fody)
Nuget
Portable Class Libraries (PCL)
Testing (MSTest, Moq)
Model-View-ViewModel
• Design pattern from Microsoft simillar to
MVC
• Separating UI, app logic and business
logic
• Data binding, messaging, commands
• Typically also DI
• Popular frameworks: MVVMLight,
Caliburn.Micro, PRISM
Model-View-ViewModel
Advantages
• more testable
• more maintanable
• easier to do DI
Notes
• View-specific stuff should be still handled
in code-behind
Model-View-ViewModel
Bindings
• Referencing properties from ViewModel or
ther componetns in View
• One-Way, Two-Way
Converters
• Convert data used in bindings from one
format to another
• Keep your ViewModel "clean"
• Implement IValueConverter
• Use as StaticResource
INotifyPropertyChanged
• Interface telling the UI that a property in
ViewModel has changed
• Necessary for data binding
Fody.PropertyChanged
• Fody is a il-weaver for .NET
• Fody.PropertyChanged adds to
INotifyPropertyChanged every property so
you do not have to
Commands
Commands provide a separation between a user interface
and logic.
• A command is an object that implements the ICommand
interface.
• Generally, it is associated with a function in some code.
• User interface elements bind to commands - when they
are activated by the user the command is fired - which
calls the associated function.
• Commands know if they are enabled or not.
• A function can disable the command object automatically disabling any user interface elements
associated with it.
Commands
Implement ICommand
• Execute - method to execute
• CanExecute - determines whether the
command can execute in its current state
Binding in XAML
Messaging
• Sending messages between ViewModels
and Views avoid tight coupling
• Communication between View and
ViewModel when a binding cannot be
used (e.g: animations)
Nuget
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package manager for .NET project
open to everyone (my packages)
web repository, search
Visual Studio and PowerShell integration
handling dependencies, upgrades
restoring packages at build
DEMO
Creating a new Windows Phone
project with packages from Nuget
Portable Class Libraries
• Libraries that target more than one .NET
Framework platform
• WP8, WP81, WinRT, Silverlight, XBOX,
• Support for Mono (Xamarin.iOS / Android)
• No platform specific stuff (I/O, Settings,
etc.)
Portable Class Libraries
When to start with PCL
• more platforms
• no platform specific stuff
Recommendation
• start with a Windows Phone Class Library
• convert to PCL later
DEMO
Adding PCL with business logic to
the project
Testing the PCL
• Testing your business logic is a good
practice
• Many testing frameworks: MSTest, NUnit,
xUnit
• Testing async method is not a problem
MSTest
• built into Visual Studio
• run from Visual Studio, Resharper, FAKE
• decorating methods with attributes
DEMO
Add test project and tests for PCL
Caliburn.Micro
• mature MVVM framework for WPF,
Sliverlight, Windows Phone, Windows 8
• based on conventions
• simple DI container
• messaging model based on
System.Interactivity (Blend support)
• works with Fody.PropertyChanged
Caliburn.Micro
Bootstrapper
• registered in App.xaml
• app strating point
• register ViewModels and Services
• override things like frame creation
Caliburn.Micro
Conventions
• Views directory with {X}View
• ViewModels directory with {X}ViewModel
• Binding button click event to methods by
name
• Binding ListBox item source and selected
item by name
• TextBox two way binding by name
Caliburn.Micro
Actions
• used instead of Commands for iteractions
from View
• can be bound to any event
• Parameters: $eventArgs, $dataContext,
$source, $view, $executionContext, $this
Caliburn.Micro
Services
• INavigationService
• IEventAggregator
INavigationService
• No need to register, always available
• ViewModel first
• (Multiple) navigation parameters
IEventAggregator
• No need to register, always available
• Publishing messages
• Need to subscribe for handling, implement
IHandle<T>
DEMO
Add Caliburn.Micro to project,
implement Views and ViewModels
Testing the ViewModel
• Testing ViewModels is "nice to have"
• Mocking services, testing just the
ViewModel
• Mocking framework: Moq
Moq
• Mocking an interface
• Mocking with distinct behaviour
DEMO
Add tests for ViewModel
And design matters!
Do not be one of the boring black
pivot apps
Resources
Demo source code:
• https://github.com/igorkulman/muni-talk-2014
Fody
• http://blog.kulman.sk/inotifypropertychanged-the-easyway-in-windows-phone-and-windows-8/
Caliburn.Micro
• http://wp.qmatteoq.com/first-steps-with-caliburn-micro-inwindows-phone-8-the-theory/