203469Orig1s000 RISK ASSESSMENT and RISK MITIGATION REVIEW(S)

CENTER FOR DRUG EVALUATION AND
RESEARCH
APPLICATION NUMBER:
203469Orig1s000
RISK ASSESSMENT and RISK MITIGATION
REVIEW(S)
Department of Health and Human Services
Public Health Service
Food and Drug Administration
Center for Drug Evaluation and Research
Office of Surveillance and Epidemiology
Office of Medication Error Prevention and Risk Management
Risk Management Review
Date:
November 27, 2012
Reviewer:
Cynthia LaCivita, Pharm.D., Risk Management Analyst Team
Leader, Division of Risk Management (DRISK)
Mary Dempsey, B.S., Risk Management Reviewer, (DRISK)
Division Director
Claudia B. Manzo, Pharm. D., DRISK
Drug Name(s):
Iclusig (ponatinib)
Therapeutic Class:
Tyrosine kinase inhibitor
Dosage and Route:
15 mg and 45 mg; oral tablet
Application Type/Number:
NDA 203469
Applicant/sponsor:
Ariad Pharmaceuticals. Inc.
OSE RCM #:
2012-2074
Reference ID: 3222501
1. INTRODUCTION
This review by the Division of Risk Management (DRISK) evaluates if a risk evaluation and
mitigation strategy (REMS) is needed for Iclusig (ponatinib). The applicant did not submit a
proposed REMS or risk management plan.
1.1 BACKGROUND
On July 30, 2012, the Division of Hematology Products (DHP) received the initial Rolling
Review submission from Arid for Iclusig (ponatinib), new drug application (NDA) 203469.
Ponatinib is a novel synthetic orally-active tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) with the proposed
indication, for the treatment of adult patients with chronic phase (CP), accelerated phase (AP),
or blast phase (BP) chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or Philadelphia chromosome positive
acute lymphoblastic leukemia (Ph+ALL) resistant or intolerant to prior TKI therapy.
CML is a myeloproliferative neoplasm characterized by unregulated growth of myeloid cells in
the bone marrow, and an increased number of these cells in the blood. CML is associated with
a specific chromosomal abnormality, which is a reciprocal translocation of chromosome 9 and
22, known as the Philadelphia chromosome. CML has an incidence of approximately 1-2 cases
per 100,0001 and in 2010 approximately 4870 new cases of CML were diagnosed in the United
States.2 The Philadelphia chromosome to a lesser extent is also found in ALL.
Currently, there are four TKI approved for the treatment of patients with CML, which target
the Bcr-Abl kinase, they are: imatinib (2001), dasatinib (2006), nilotinib (2007), and bosutinib
(2012). Unfortunately, many patients will develop resistance to these drugs. In pharmacology
studies, ponatinib appears to inhibit multiple kinases including Bcr-Abl kinase and mutant
variations of Bcr-Abl, including a mutation which is a threonine-to-isoleucine substitution at
position 315 of Abl (T315I) for which no effective therapy currently exists. Effective therapy
for patients who have developed resistance to other TKI, specifically T315 would meet an
unmet medical need.
2. REGULATORY HISTORY




On November 20, 2009 ponatinib was granted Orphan Designation for the treatment of
CML and for treatment of Philadelphia chromosome-positive Ph+ALL
On November 30, 2010 ponatinib was granted Fast Track designation for the same
proposed indication.
On July 13, 2012, ponatinib was granted a Rolling Review Material Reviewed
The sponsor submitted documents to this NDA on the following dates:
o July 31, 2012 Arid NDA submission
1
Jabbour E. and Kantarjian H. (2012) , Chronic myeloid leukemia:2012 Update on diagnosis, monitoring, and
Management. Am J. Hematol. 87:1037-1045.
2
Chen Y, Wang H, Hagpo K, and Cortes J. Trends in Chronic myeloid leukemia incidence and survival in the
United States from 1975-2009. Leuk Lymphoma 2012 Nov 2 [Epub ahead of print]
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Reference ID: 3222501


o September 27, 2012 Arid NDA submission
Clinical Review of Efficacy and Safety in DARRTS November 19, 2012, by R. Angelo
de Claro, M.D.
Pharmacology/Toxicology Review in DARRTS November 19, 2012 by M. Stacey
Ricci, M. Eng., Sc.D. and Pedro L. Del Valle, Ph. D.
3. OVERVIEW OF CLINICAL PROGRAM
The pivotal trial used to determine efficacy and safety was study 10-201 (PACE Trial). PACE
is a single-arm, open-label, phase 2 trial of ponatinib that evaluated 444 patients with CML or
Ph+ ALL with 6 distinct cohorts based on the patients’ stage of disease (CP-CML, AP-CML,
BP-CML or Ph+ ALL), resistance or intolerance to prior TKIs (dasatinib or nilotinib), or the
presence of the T315I mutation. The dosing regimen for ponatinib was 45 mg orally, once
daily.
Data from study 07-101, a Phase 1 clinical, dose-escalation study was included in the analysis
of safety.
Ariad has initiated an expanded access program, clinical trial (AP24534-12-901 Protocol), in
United States, Europe, Australia, Canada, and Singapore. More than 200 patients have been
approved to receive ponatinib in this expanded access program.
Key Efficacy Findings. Please refer to the clinical review by Dr. R. Angelo de Claro for the
full review on efficacy and safety. The following is a summary of the key findings from Dr. de
Claro’s review.
Primary endpoint
Cohort
Response (%)
Major Cytogenetic Response
CP-CML with resistance to prior TKI
99/203 (49)
Major Cytogenetic Response
CP-CML presence of the T315I mutation
45/64 (70)
Major Hematological Response
AP-CMP with resistance to prior TKI
36/65 (55)
Major Hematological Response
AP-CML presence of the T315I mutation
7/18 (39)
Major Hematological Response
BP-CML or Ph+ALL with resistance to prior
TKI
19/62 (31)
Major Hematological Response
BP-CML or Ph+ALL presence of the T315I
mutation
13/32 (41)
Patients were followed for a minimum of 6 months, with a median follow-up of 10 months.
The primary endpoint results were supported by duration of response. The median duration of
major cytogenetic response was not reached in patients with CP-CML. The major
hematological response for patients with AP-CML, BP-CML and Ph+ALL was respectively
9.5 months, 4.7 months and 3.2 months.
Key Safety Findings
Safety issues observed with ponatinib include:
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Reference ID: 3222501
•
Arterial thromboembolic events (11% any grade, 7% serious)
- Arterial thromboembolic events included myocardial infarction, stroke/TIA, and
peripheral arterial ischemic events
•
•
•
Arterial stenosis (5%)
Hypertension (72%), serious adverse event (2%)
Hepatotoxicity (55% increased AST or ALT, 8% grade 3-4), 2 cases of fatal acute liver
failure
Pancreatitis (6%), elevated lipase (31%)
CNS or GI hemorrhage (4%), any bleeding (23%)
Cardiac failure (6%), pericardial effusion, pleural effusion, or ascites (8%), any fluid
retention (22%)
Myelosuppression
•
•
•
•
Grade 3 or 4
thrombocytopenia
neutropenia
anemia
•
•
•
•
•
•
CP-CML
pts=270
34
23
1
AP-CML
pts=85
47
47
4
BP-CML
pts=62
44
48
11
Ph+ALL
pts=32
47
59
25
Supraventricular tachyarrhythmias (5%): atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, atrial tachycardia,
supraventricular tachycardia
QT prolongation (6 cases, no Torsades de Pointes)
Gastrointestinal perforation (1 case)
Tumor lysis syndrome (3 cases)
Thyroid dysfunction (8 pts in study 10-201, and 21 pts in study 07-101 developed
treatment –emergent hypothyroidism)
Proteinuria (27 pt (33%) in study 07-101 developed –treatment emergent proteinuria)
Deaths: Thirteen percent (57/444) of the patients died during the study or with 30 days of
treatment. The most common cause of death was due to disease progression (29 pts) followed
by infections (10 pts), hemorrhagic events (6 pts), cardiac failure, arrest or infarction (8 pts),
multi-organ failure (2 pts) and once each of pyrexia and dehydration
Fetal harm, is likely based on nonclinical data
6. PROPOSED POSTMARKETING STUDIES/REQUIREMENTS
The following proposed Post-Marketing Requirements (PMRs) were communicated to the
applicant on November 15, 2012:
PMR 1: Continue follow-up of patients (on treatment and in protocol defined post treatment
follow-up) and submit a final analysis report of Study 10-201 with 24 months of
minimum follow-up for each patient. If 24 months of follow-up is not possible for
certain patients, provide justification for each patient.
PMR 2: Submit safety data from one or more randomized controlled trials that isolates the
effect of the drug adequately to characterize the safety of Iclusig.
PMR 3: Assess the QT effect of Iclusig.
PMR 4: Characterize the effect of Iclusig on platelet function.
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Reference ID: 3222501
PMR 5: Conduct a dedicated drug interaction trial in humans to determine the effect of
coadministration of the strong CYP3A4 inducer rifampin on the pharmacokinetics of
ponatinib in healthy subjects.
PMR 6: Conduct a dedicated hepatic impairment trial in humans to determine the effect of
hepatic impairment (i.e., Child-Pugh classes A, B, and C) on the pharmacokinetics of
ponatinib when compared to healthy subjects.
PMR 7:
Collect sparse PK from all patients in a clinical trial. Your ongoing trial AP2453412-301 may be suitable for this objective. Exposure-response analysis should be
conducted for both efficacy and safety endpoints. Based on the results of these
analyses, a trial to evaluate lower dose or an alternate dosing regimen of ponatinib
may be necessary.
PMR 8:
Conduct a dedicated clinical trial in humans to determine the effect of multiple doses
of lansoprazole on the pharmacokinetics of ponatinib in healthy subjects.
7. ADVISORY COMMITTEE
None.
8. DISCUSSION
Ponatinib appears to inhibit multiple tyrosine kinases including Bcr-Abl TKI and VEGFreceptor kinases inhibitors. The safety profile of ponatinib is similar to that observed with
other Bcr-Abl TKI used to treat CML (Appendix A). Arterial thromboembolic events,
gastrointestinal perforations, proteinuria and hypertension are similar to the risks reported with
VEGF-receptor kinases and are listed in the warning sections of their respective labels for one
or more of the following VEGF-receptor kinase inhibitors: axitinib, bevacizumab, pazopanib,
regorafenib, sorafenib, sunitinib and vandetanib.
DRISK does not recommend a REMS for the management of the risks associated with
ponatinib for the following reasons: the efficacy of ponatinib was demonstrated in patients
with CML or Ph+, ALL resistant or intolerant to prior TKI therapy and if approved could
fulfill an unmet medical need; the target population is managed by prescribers who are familiar
with this disease and the safety profile of the other approved Bcr-Abl TKI and VEGF-receptor
kinases inhibitors. With the exception of nilotonib, the risks associated with the use of the
other Bcr-Abl TKI have been addressed through labeling. Nilotoinib was approved with a
REMS (Medication Guide and communication plan) to mitigate the drug risk of QT
prolongation, reduce medication errors involving drug-food interactions and incorrect dosing
intervals, and to minimize potential drug-drug and disease-drug interactions. Vandetanib, a
VEGF receptor kinase inhibitor was approved with a REMS (MG, CP and ETASU- prescriber
and pharmacy certification) to mitigate the risk of QT prolongation /Torsades de
pointes/sudden death. There were no cases of Torsades de pointes reported for ponatinib.
DRISK concurs with DHP that the management of the risks associated with treatment of
ponatinib can be managed at this time through labeling, postmarketing requirements (PMRs)
are necessary to further assess and characterize the risks. The product label will include a
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Reference ID: 3222501
boxed warning to communicate the risks of arterial thrombosis and hepatotoxicity with
ponatinib.
9. CONCLUSION
DRISK concurs with the DHP and recommends that, based on the available data and the
potential benefits and risks of treatment, a REMS is not required for ponatinib and the risks
associated with ponatinib can be managed through labeling. If new safety information becomes
available this decision can be re-evaluated.
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Reference ID: 3222501
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------This is a representation of an electronic record that was signed
electronically and this page is the manifestation of the electronic
signature.
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------/s/
---------------------------------------------------CYNTHIA L LACIVITA
11/28/2012
CLAUDIA B MANZO
11/28/2012
concur
Reference ID: 3222501
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