SFL/METU Dept. of B.E. Homework Practice 14 BEGINNER GROUP

```SFL/METU
Dept. of B.E.
Homework Practice 14
BEGINNER GROUP
PART A. Mark the correct alternative for each gap.
PLUTO
Until recently, people thought that Pluto was the ninth and (1)_________________ planet in our
solar system. It is not considered to be a major planet any more. An astronomer called Clyde
Tombaugh (2) _________________ it in 1930. It is very far from the sun, so you (3)
_________________ see Pluto without a telescope. We don’t know much about it (4)
_________________ no spacecraft has visited it yet.
1.
a) much smaller
b) the smallest
c) less small
d) smaller
2.
a) has discovered
b) was discovered
c) discovered
d)has been discovered
3.
a) can
b) could
c) shouldn’t
d) can’t
4.
a) so
b) and
c) although
d) because
Pluto is very very cold. The average temperature is -236 ◦C, and this makes it unsuitable for human
beings. The surface, which (5) _________________ the crust, is made up of methane ice, frozen
nitrogen and carbon dioxide. The second layer, the mantle, (6) _________________ 70% rock and
30% ice. Finally, there is (7) _________________ water ice inside the rocky core in the center.
5.
a) is called
b) calls
c) has called
d) was called
6.
a) consists of
c) contain
d) forms
7.
a) many
b) any
c) some
d) lot of
HENRY FORD
At the end of the 19th century, motor cars (8) _________________made in Great Britain, Germany,
France and the United States. They were not popular for many years because they were
(9)_________________ expensive. Mechanics had to make many small parts with the help of only
one or two machines. In 1909, the American engineer Henry Ford found a way to make cheaper
cars very fast. He opened a factory (10) _________________ had many machines to make the
parts of the cars.
8.
a) was
b) were
c) are
d) have been
9.
a) much
b) some
c) too
d) a lot of
10.
a) who
b) ―
c) which
d) it
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IKEA
IKEA (11) _________________ one of the biggest furniture empires in the world since 1943. Over
365 million people worldwide (12) _________________ more than £8 billion in IKEA stores
every year and the number of customers is increasing. If you (13-a)_______________ to one of
the 200 IKEA stores around the world, you (13-b)____________________ that it is always
crowded at any time of the day. The best-selling products are bookshelves, sofas, candles, and
chairs but perhaps IKEA is most famous for its flatpack furniture. IKEA sells flatpack furniture.
In other words, IKEA sells furniture in pieces so when you buy furniture from IKEA, you (14)
_________________ put the furniture together yourself because IKEA doesn’t have any
employees who will put the furniture together for you. That’s why it can sell really cheap furniture.
11.
a) have been
b) was
c) is
d) has been
12.
a) spends
b) spend
c) spent
d) have spent
13.
a) go / will see
b) will go / see
c) will go / will see
d) going / will see
14.
a) don’t have to
b) have to
c) shouldn’t
d) can’t
LEBRON JAMES
The world famous basketball player LeBron James was born in 1984. He (15)_________________
to play basketball at the age of 11. He (16) _________________professional in 2003, when
Cleveland Cavaliers, which is a basketball team in the National Basketball Association (NBA) in
(17)_________________USA, selected him in the 2003 NBA Draft. He (18) _________________
for Cavaliers since then. He is a very valuable player and with the contracts he signed with
companies like Nike, Sprite and Upper Deck, he (19) _________________ around \$27 million a
year. He has a contract with Cavaliers until the end of 2010. That means he (20)
_________________ for them next season too.
15.
a) has been starting
b) has started
c) was starting
d) started
16.
a) became
b) has become
c) becomes
d) was becoming
17.
a) ―
b) a
c) the
d) an
18.
a) has been played
b) played
c) has been playing
d) was playing
19.
a) is earning
b) earned
c) has earned
d) earns
20.
a) going to play
b) is playing
c) won’t play
d) doesn’t play
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PART B. DIALOGUE COMPLETION
Complete the dialogues with ONE statement or question. Write your answer in the blank
provided.
1.
Jane : Why have you bought so much stuff? Eggs, flour, chocolate …
Liz : ________________________________________________________________
Jane: For Marie? Is it her birthday?
Liz: Yes, and you know Marie loves chocolate ones.
2.
Student A : _______________________________________________________________?
Student B : I have had this terrible headache all morning and it’s really bothering me.
Student A : Why don’t you see the school nurse? It might be something serious.
3.
Patient : So, how can I get rid of these backaches?
Doctor : _______________________________________________________________ .
Patient : Regularly? Do you mean every day? I don’t even have enough time to finish my work during
the day.
Doctor : I understand, but you can’t solve this problem without regular exercise.
PART C. RESPONSE TO A SITUATION
Respond to the situation provided in ONE statement or question. Write your response in the
blank provided.
1. You are a secretary in a charity organization. Someone calls the office and asks for an
appointment with the charity director today at 2 p.m., but you know that he has a meeting
then, so you inform the caller and offer another time:
______________________________________________________________________
2. One of your classmates has been absent from school since Tuesday and it is Friday today.
You know that she is very ill and when the teacher asks you how long she has been ill,
you say:
______________________________________________________________________
3. A friend of yours smokes too much, and has health problems at this young age. You give
him some advice to stop smoking by explaining the reason:
______________________________________________________________________
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PART D. VOCABULARY REVIEW
Below are some facts about Saturn. Fill each gap with a suitable word from the box. DO NOT
change the form of the words. Use each word only ONCE. Be careful, there are more words
than you need.
existed
solar
visible
vary
shape
float
composed
gravity
orbit
average
transparent
planet
SATURN

Saturn is the sixth (1)____________________ from the sun. After Jupiter, it is the secondlargest one in our (2)____________________ system. Saturn is (3)____________________
of hydrogen and helium.

Saturn has a different (4)_________________ from the Earth. The Earth is round but Saturn
is flat.

Saturn has beautiful rings. These rings are (5)____________________ from the Earth only
when a telescope is used.

Saturn's rings are actually ice chunks and some rocks. These ice chunks and rocks
(6)____________________ in size. Some are very small like the size of a fingernail and
some are very big like a car.

Saturn's
mass
is
95
times
the
mass
of
the
Earth.
However,
the
(7)____________________ on Saturn is only 1.08 times of the one on Earth; therefore, a
100-kilogram person would weigh 108 kilograms on Saturn.

The density of water is 1 gram per cubic centimeter but the density of Saturn is about 0.69
grams per cubic centimeter. This makes Saturn less dense than water. Therefore, if you could
put Saturn in water, it would (8)____________________.

Each day on Saturn takes 10.2 Earth hours. A year on Saturn takes 29.46 Earth years; that is,
it takes 29.46 Earth years for Saturn to (9)____________________ the sun once.

The (10)____________________ temperature on Saturn, at the cloud tops, is -185° C.
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SFL/METU
Dept. of B.E.
Homework Practice 14
BEGINNER GROUP
PART A.
1. b
2. c
3. d
4. d
5. a
6. a
7. c
8. b
9. c
10. c
11. d
12. b
13. a
14. b
15. d
16. a
17. c
18. c
19. d
20. b
PART B.
1. I am going to / am planning to make a cake for Marie.
2. What is the matter/ problem? / Are you OK?/ What’s wrong?
3. You should (do) exercise regularly.
PART C.
1. I’m sorry but he has another appointment at 2 o’clock, can I offer you another time?
I’m sorry but he is having a meeting then. Would you like to make an appointment for
another time?
2. Miss/ Sir, she has been ill since Tuesday/ for four days.
3. You should give up/stop smoking because it is very harmful to your health.
You should not smoke so much because it harms your health.
PART D.
1. planet
2. solar
3. composed
4. shape
5. visible
6. vary
7. gravity
8. float
9. orbit
10. average
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