AAS Bulletin(English) - meteorological centre, bengaluru

COMPOSITE BULLETIN OF AGROMETEOROLOGICAL ADVISORY
KARNATAKA STATE
ISSUED BY METEOROLOGICAL CENTRE, BENGALURU (IMD)
IN COLLABORATION WITH
STATE AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT &
AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITIES OF KARNATAKA
FOR THE PERIOD 21ST TO 25TH JANUARY 2015
ISSUED ON TUESDAY, 20TH JANUARY 2015
AGROCLIMATIC ZONES OF THE STATE
SL.NO.
1.
AGROCLIMATIC
ZONE
2.
North East Transition
Zone
Northeastern Dry Zone
3
4.
5.
Northern Dry Zone
Central Dry Zone
Eastern Dry Zone
6.
Southern Dry Zone
7.
Southern Transition
Zone
North Transition Zone
Hill Zone
Coastal Zone
8.
9.
10.
DISTRICTS
Bidar
Kalaburgi, Raichur, Ballari, Yadgiri,
Koppal
Vijayapura, Gadag, Bagalkot.
Tumkuru, Chitradurga, Davangere.
Bengaluru Rural, Bengaluru Urban,
Kolar, Ramanagara , Chikballapura
Mysuru, Mandya, Chamarajanagar,
Kodagu
Hassan, Shivamogga, Chikkamagaluru
Dharwad, Belagavi, Haveri
Uttara Kannada,
Dakshina Kannada, Udupi.
AGROMET
FIELD UNIT
(AMFU)
LOCATION
Bidar
Raichur
Vijayapur
Hiriyur
Bengaluru
Naganahalli
Shivamogga
Dharwad
Sirsi
Bramhavar
Summary for the past 4 days over the State
On 16th, dry weather prevailed over the State.
Minimum temperatures were appreciably below normal at many places being markedly so at
isolated places over South Interior Karnataka; appreciably below normal at a few places being
markedly so at isolated places over North Interior Karnataka and below normal at most places over
Coastal Karnataka.
On 17th, dry weather prevailed over the State.
Minimum temperatures were below normal at many places over Coastal Karnataka; appreciably
below normal at a few places over North Interior Karnataka; however above normal at many places
being appreciably so at a few places over South Interior Karnataka.
On 18th, dry weather prevailed over the State.
Minimum temperatures were markedly below normal at a few places over North Interior
Karnataka and were normal over Coastal Karnataka & South Interior Karnataka.
On 19th, dry weather prevailed over the State.
Minimum temperatures were markedly below normal at isolated places over North Interior
Karnataka and remained normal over Coastal Karnataka & South Interior Karnataka.
Lowest Minimum Temperature: Davangere recorded 9.5oC on 16.01.2015.
State Rainfall forecast:
Day 1 January 21st :
Dry weather would prevail over the State.
Day 2 January 22nd :
Dry weather would prevail over the State.
Day 3 January 23rd :
Dry weather would prevail over the State.
Outlook: No significant change.
Rainfall forecast for the next five days
21.01.15 – 25.01.15
PART II
AGRICULTURAL ADVISORIES
VEGETABLES
Districts
Bidar
Kalaburgi
Yadgiri
Koppal
Ballari
Raichur
Vijayapura
Bagalkote
Gadag
Tumkuru
Chitradurga
Davangere
Bengaluru (R)
Bengaluru (U)
Chikballapura
Kolar
Ramanagar
Chamarajnagar
Kodagu
Mandya
Mysuru
Hassan
Shivamogga
Chikkamagaluru
Belagavi
VG
GN/TU CI
H
H
H
M
M
M
F
H
Dharwad
Haveri
Uttara Kannada
Dakshina Kannada
Udupi
F
F
H
H
HORTICULTURAL CROPS
Districts
Bidar
Kalaburgi
Yadgiri
Koppal
Ballari
Raichur
Vijayapura
Bagalkote
Gadag
Tumkuru
Chitradurga
Davangere
Bengaluru (R)
Bengaluru (U)
Chikballapura
Kolar
Chamarajnagar
Kodagu
Mandya
Ramnagara
Mysuru
Hassan
MG
F
F
GR
CH
CO
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F/M
BA
PG
WM
CW
Shivamogga
Chikkamagaluru
Belagavi
Dharwad
Haveri
Uttara Kannada
Dakshina Kannada
Udupi
F
F
F/M
F/M
F
CROPS
Districts
Bidar
Kalburgi
Yadgiri
Koppal
Raichur
Ballari
Vijayapura
Bagalkote
Gadag
Tumkuru
Chitradurga
Davangere
Bengaluru (R)
Bengaluru (U)
Chikballapura
Kolar
Ramanagar
Chamarajnagar
GN
V
V
SC
P
P
P
P
P
P
H
H
Rg SOR COT BG/GG/RG COP MZ SF PD WH SB AN
HE
M
PF
PF
HE
M
HE
M
HE
M
HE
M
HE
M
M
M
M
M
M
S
PF
PF
PF
PF
PF
GF
GF
GF
GF
GF
GF
P
P
P
H
H
H
H
H
Kodagu
Mandya
Mysuru
Hassan
Shivamogga
M/H
S
M/H
S
NP
NP
F
F
Chikkamagaluru
M/H
S
F
NP
Belagavi
M/R/P
F
P
LJ/F
Dharwad
M/R/P
F
P
LJ/F
Haveri
M/R/P
F
P
LJ/F
Uttara Kannada
Udupi
Dakshina Kannada
H
H
H
LEGEND
CROP/VEGETABLE NAMES: GN-Groundnut, M-Maize, AN-Areca nut, COP-Cowpea, BG-Black
Gram, GG-Green Gram, RG-Red Gram, SC-Sugarcane, CP-Chickpea, SOR-Sorghum, SB-Soya bean,
WM-Watermelon, VG-Vegetables, CI-Chilli, SF-Safflower ;RI: Rice ;PD: Paddy; MG: Mango, CH:
Chickoo, CW: Cashew; GR: Grapes, COT: Cotton; BA: Banana; PG: Pomogranate; GN: Ginger;
TU:Turmeric
CROP STAGES
NP: Nursery Preparation; T: Transplanting, F: Flowering, GF: Grain filling, FM: Fruit maturity G:
Germination, EV: Early vegetative, VG: Vegetative growth, BF: Boll Formation: BM: Boll maturity, P:
Picking, FLI: Flag leaf initiation, PF: Pod formation, PD: Pod Development; PM: Pod Maturity, CRI:
Crown root initiation, B: Branching, FD: Fruit Development, H: Harvesting, LJI: Late jointing Stage.
M: Maturation, R: Ripening. CI: Cob initiation F& FS: Flowering to fruit setting, HE: Head
emergence, MS : Milking stage Pl: Planting, FI: Filling, GM: Grain Maturation, R: Ripening, FR:
Fruiting, TI: Tillering, ; Bf: Bud formation; PI: Panicle Initiation; S: Sowing; GG: Grand Growth; NUF
& M: Nut formation and Maturity; JU: Juvinile; LP: Land preparation; NM: Nut Maturity, NU: Nursery;
KH: Knee high ; Sd: Seedling stage; B: Branching; Sq: Square formation; Re: Reproductive; Pe:
Pegging; PoI: Pod Initiation; Ts: Tasselling; E: Establishment; PgI: Peg Initiation; PL:Ploughing; HD:
Hard dough stage; Ra: Ratoon;; Fr: Fruiting; SS: Seed Setting; IBI: Inflorescence Bud initiation
ADVISORIES
NORTH EAST TRANSITION ZONE, BIDAR
BIDAR
Crops
Stage
Sugarcane
Planting
Mango
Flowering
Safflower
Pod
formation
Bengal
gram
Maturity
Pigeon
pea
Maturity
Wheat
Pod filling
Rabi
Sorghum
Ear head
emergence
Agricultural Advisories
• For the planting of sugarcane land preparation has to be done by
deep ploughing, apply 25 t/ha FYM or 2.5 t/ha varmi compost or
12.5 t/ha pressmud and select recommended varieties such as
Co-86032, Co-94012
• Before planting treat the seed sets with Carbendazime 40 g +
Chlorpyriphos 40 ml + urea 40 g in 40 litres of water for about
10 minutes. Use 10,000 – 14,000 three budded setts for one acre.
• For effective control of Hoppers take up spraying of 4 gm
Carbaryl 50WP or 2 ml Malathion 50EC or 1.5 ml
Monocrotophos 36SL or 0.5 ml Phosphamidon 40EC in one litre
of water
• For control of sucking pest (aphids) spray Dimethoate (Rogor)
@ 1.75 ml per liter of water
• For control of Helicoverpa insect spray insecticides like
Profenophos or Chlorpyriphos 2ml/liter or Indoxacarb @ 0.3
ml/l or Spinosad @ 0.2ml per liter of water
• Harvest the early sown crop as early as possible
• Spray 0.25 g Thiomethaxam per liter of water to avoid the pod
fly damage which was noticed throught out the district
• Harvest the crops as early as possible
• Apply irrigation to wheat crop as there is no rainfall
• For control of ear head fly take up spraying of Carbaryl 2 gm or
Malathion 2 ml per liter of water. Take up spraying when there
is 50% ear head emergence
NORTHEASTERN DRY ZONE, RAICHUR
KALABURGI
Main crops
Redgram
/Bengalgram/
Safflower
Mango
Wheat
Sugarcane
Stage
Agricultural Advisories
Maturity
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken up
as early as possible
Due to low temperature forecast Hoppers will be more in
mango crop. For effective control take up spraying of 4 gm
Flowering Carbaryl 50WP or 2 ml Malathion 50EC or 1.5 ml
Monocrotophos 36SL or 0.5 ml Phosphamidon 40EC in one
litre of water
Pod
Apply irrigation to wheat crop as there is no rainfall forecast
filling
Before planting treat the seed sets with Carbendazime 40 g +
Planting Chlorpyriphos 40 ml + urea 40 g in 40 litres of water for about
10 minutes
YADGIRI
Main crops
Redgram
/Bengalgram/
Safflower
Mango
Wheat
Sugarcane
Stage
Agricultural Advisories
Maturity
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken up
as early as possible
Due to low temperature forecast Hoppers will bemore in mango
crop. For effective control take up spraying of 4 gm Carbaryl
Flowering
50WP or 2 ml Malathion 50EC or 1.5 ml Monocrotophos 36SL
or 0.5 ml Phosphamidon 40EC in one litre of water
Pod
Apply irrigation to wheat crop as there is no rainfall forecast
filling
Before planting treat the seed sets with Carbendazime 40 g +
Planting Chlorpyriphos 40 ml + urea 40 g in 40 litres of water for about
10 minutes
RAICHUR
Main crops
Redgram
/Bengalgram/
Safflower
Mango
Wheat
Stage
Agricultural Advisories
Maturity
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken up
as early as possible
Due to low temperature forecast Hoppers will bemore in mango
crop. For effective control take up spraying of 4 gm Carbaryl
Flowering
50WP or 2 ml Malathion 50EC or 1.5 ml Monocrotophos 36SL
or 0.5 ml Phosphamidon 40EC in one litre of water
Pod
Apply irrigation to wheat crop as there is no rainfall forecast
filling
Sugarcane
Planting
Before planting treat the seed sets with Carbendazime 40 g +
Chlorpyriphos 40 ml + urea 40 g in 40 litres of water for about
10 minutes
KOPPAL
Crops
Stage
Agricultural Advisories
Summer
Vegetative Provide irrigation as there will be no rainfall for next five days
Groundnut
Redgram
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken up
/Bengalgram/ Maturity
as early as possible
Safflower
Due to low temperature forecast Hoppers will bemore in
mango crop. For effective control take up spraying of 4 gm
Mango
Flowering Carbaryl 50WP or 2 ml Malathion 50EC or 1.5 ml
Monocrotophos 36SL or 0.5 ml Phosphamidon 40EC in one
litre of water
Wheat
Pod filling Apply irrigation to wheat crop as there is no rainfall forecast
Before planting treat the seed sets with Carbendazime 40 g +
Sugarcane
Planting Chlorpyriphos 40 ml + urea 40 g in 40 litres of water for about
10 minutes
BALLARI
Crops
Stage
Agricultural Advisories
Summer
Vegetative Provide irrigation as there will be no rainfall for next five days
Groundnut
Redgram
As there will be no rainfall forecast harvesting can be taken up
/Bengalgram/ Maturity
as early as possible
Safflower
Due to low temperature forecast Hoppers will bemore in
mango crop. For effective control take up spraying of 4 gm
Mango
Flowering Carbaryl 50WP or 2 ml Malathion 50EC or 1.5 ml
Monocrotophos 36SL or 0.5 ml Phosphamidon 40EC in one
litre of water
Wheat
Pod filling Apply irrigation to wheat crop as there is no rainfall forecast
Before planting treat the seed sets with Carbendazime 40 g +
Sugarcane
Planting Chlorpyriphos 40 ml + urea 40 g in 40 litres of water for about
10 minutes
NORTHERN DRY ZONE, BIJAPUR
VIJAYAPURA /BAGALKOTE
•
Plant Protection : Since dry weather will prevail in the district during the next five days, plant protection measure
may be taken up.
Harvesting : Since dry weather will prevail in the district during the next five days, harvesting and threshing of crops
may be taken up.
Agro advisories
Field crops:
Rabi
The crop is in grain filling stage. The crop is sensitive to the moisture and
sorghum
nutritional stress¸ So if possible give irrigation.
The crop is in grain filling stage. So if possible give irrigation.
Wheat
•
Chickpea
Safflower
Cotton
Sugarcane
Chilli
Brinjal
To manage, pod borer, take up spraying of 0.15 ml Rynaxiphyr 20 SC or 2 gram
Imamectin Benzoate 5 SG, dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage, sucking pests, take up spraying of 2 gram Thiamethacom 25 WG or 1
gram Acephate 75 SP or 1.75 ml Dimethoate 30 EC, dissolved in one liter of
water.
To manage, leaf spot disease, take up spraying of 2 gram Mencozeb 75 WP or 1
ml Hexaconazole dissolved in one liter of water.
Cotton picking should not be done in the early morning hours since there will be
fog. So, picking should be done during bright sunshine hours.
• Adopt drip irrigation system to save the water up 40%.
• If there is shortage of water, irrigation can be given to alternate furrows and alternate
furrows alternatively.
• Hand hoeing and weeding should be done immediately after the harvest of the crop.
If, broad leaved weeds are present, a post-emergent spray of 2,4-D @1kg a.i./ha.
• To manage wooly aphids provide proper drainage and apply Phorate 10G @20kg/ha
or Spray the crop with 2 ml, 20 EC Chlorpyriphos or 2 ml , 36 EC, Monocrotophos,
dissolved in one liter of water.
• After harvesting the crop, the trash should not be burnt. It should be used for
vermicompostinmg or should be allowed to decompose within the rows in the field
• Matured fruits can be harvested and sundried before storing.
To manage stem borer, take up spraying of 2 garm Carbaryl 50 % WP + 2 garm
Wettable sulphur, 50 % WP, dissolved in one liter of water.
HORTICULTURE CROPS:
To manage Bacterial blight disease in pomegranate, spray the crop with
Streptomycin Sulphate 0.5 g. + Copper oxy-chloride 2 g. + 2 g. Blitox
dissolved in one liter water. Then take up spraying of micro nutrients viz., 1 g.
Pomegranate
Zinc Sulphate + 1 g. Magnessium Sulphate + 1 g. Barax + 1 g. Calcium
dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage sucking pests, take up spraying of 1.7 ml Dimethoate or 0.25 gram
Acetamaprid dissolved in one liter of water.
Lime
Grape
Remove the dried twigs and branches and then take up spraying of 1 % Bordo
mixture to manage Canker disease.
To manage leaf minor pest, spray the crop with 0.3 ml Imidachloprid dissolved
in one liter of water or spray with 3 per cent bio-digester solution.
To manage Mites, take up spraying of 2.5 ml Dicofal or 0.75 ml
Spiromeshiphane dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage Downey mildew, take up spraying of 1 ml Azoxysprobin dissolved
in one liter of water.
To manage Mites, take up spraying of 2.5 ml Dicofal or 0.75 ml
Spiromeshiphane dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage mealy bug, take up spraying of 2.5 ml Dichlorovas + 5 ml fish oil
dissolved in one liter of water.
GADAG
Plant Protection : Since dry weather is going to prevail, plant protection measure may be taken up.
•
Harvesting : Since dry weather is going to prevail, harvesting and threshing of crops and picking of cotton and chilli
may be taken up.
Agro advisories
Field crops:
Rabi
The crop is in grain filling stage. The crop is sensitive to the moisture stress¸ So if
sorghum
possible give irrigation.
The crop is grain filling stage. So if possible give irrigation.
Wheat
•
Chickpea
Safflower
Cotton
Chilli
•
•
To manage, pod borer, take up spraying of 0.15 ml Rynaxiphyr 20 SC or 2 gram
Imamectin Benzoate 5 SG, dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage, leaf spot disease, take up spraying of 2 gram Mencozeb 75 WP or 1
ml Hexaconazole dissolved in one liter of water.
To manage, sucking pests, take up spraying of 2 gram Thiamethacom 25 WG or 1
gram Acephate 75 SP or 1.75 ml Dimethoate 30 EC, dissolved in one liter of
water.
To manage, leaf spot disease, take up spraying of 2 gram Mencozeb 75 WP or 1
ml Hexaconazole dissolved in one liter of water.
Cotton picking should not be done in the early morning hours since there will be
fog. So, picking should be done during bright sunshine hours.
• Matured fruits can be harvested and sundried before storing.
Vermicompost pit management :
Care should be taken that excess moisture is not there in the Vermin-compost pits.
CENTRAL DRY ZONE, HIRIYUR
CHITRADURGA
Since, no rainfall will expected after three days, plant protection measures may be taken up
Safflower
•
To manage sucking pests, take up spraying of 0.25 Gram Thimathoxycam dissolved in one liter of water.
Chickpea
•
•
To manage pod borer, take up spraying of 0.3 ml Indaxicarb or 4 gram Carbaryl or 0.5 ml Rynaxiphyr per liter of water.
Repeat the same spray at the time of flowering and pod development stage if the incidence of pod borer is noticed.
Animal husbandry
Maintain optimum room temperature in Sericulture and Poultry unit
DAVANGERE
Since, no rainfall will expected after three days, plant protection measures may be taken up
Animal husbandry
Maintain optimum room temperature in Sericulture and Poultry unit
Safflower
• To manage sucking pests, take up spraying of 0.25 Gram Thimathoxycam dissolved in one liter of water.
Pomegranate
• To manage leaf and fruit spot disease, spray the crop with 2 ml Chlorothonil dissolved in one liter of water.
• To manage sucking pests, spray the crop with 0.3 ml Imidachloprid dissolved in one Liter of water.
Chickpea
• To manage pod borer take up spraying of 0.3 ml Indaxicarb or 4 gram Carbaryl or 0.5 ml Rynaxiphyr per liter of
water.
• Repeat the same spray at the time of flowering and pod development stage if the incidence of pod borer is
noticed.
Banana
•
Drench with carbendazim @ 1.0 g/litre of water to control panama wilt.
TUMKURU
Since, no rainfall will expected after three days, plant protection measures may be taken up
Maize
• To control stem borer in maize put 2-3 carboryl granules (4%) to the voral of the plant
Safflower
• To manage sucking pests, take up spraying of 0.25 Gram Thimathoxycam dissolved in one liter of water.
Chickpea
• To manage pod borert, take up spraying of 0.3 ml Indaxicarb or 4 gram Carbaryl or 0.5 ml Rynaxiphyr per liter of
water.
• Repeat the same spray at the time of flowering and pod development stage if the incidence of pod borer is
noticed.
Banana
Drench with carbendazim @ 1.0 g/litre of water to control panama wilt.
Animal husbandry
Maintain optimum room temperature in Sericulture and Poultry unit
EASTERN DRY ZONE, BENGALURU
BENGALURU URBAN/ BENGALURU RURAL /RAMNAGARA/ CHIKBALLAPURA/
KOLAR
Crop
Sowing
cultural
operation
Mango
Stage/ Condition
Pest and
Agro advisories
Disease
Agriculture crop
Recommended crops and varieties for the month of January (Irrigated Crops)
Sunflower : Mordern, K.B.S.H-1, 41,42 and 44
Maize : Ganga-11, Deccan -103, N.A.C-6002 & 6004, Nityashree
Groundnut : ICGS-11, K-134, Chintamani-2 (KCH-2)
Ragi : Indaf-5, GPU-26 and 48
Ragi: Threshing and winnowing by combined thresher equipment Dry and store in
gunny bags or storage bins.
Horticulture crop
Due to low temperature and higher humidity in morning hours congenial condition
for attaching powdery mildew disease and leaf hopper pest on mango orchard,
hence farmers are advised to control measure taken to spray of Sulphur dust 2 g/ lt
of water or Spray Confidor @ 0.5 ml/ lt of water
Animal Husbandry
Maintain optimum temperature in sericulture unit and poultry unit to
providing electric bulb for creating warm room temperature
SOUTHERN DRY ZONE, NAGANHALLI
MYSURU/MANDYA/CHAMARAJNAGARA / KODAGU
Crop
Paddy
Stage/
Condition
Paddy
harvested
Pest and
Disease
Agro advisories
In the area where the paddy harvesting is
completed, farmers are advised to take up the sowing
of pulses like Black gram, Green gram and also the
green manure crop sun hemp to utilize residue
moisture after harvest of the paddy in Paddy field.
In paddy fields where there is no residue
moisture, in such fields farmers can take up deep
ploughing, so that the soil pathogens will die and in
turn it will help to reduce pest incidence for the next
paddy crop.
SOUTHERN TRANSITION ZONE, SHIMOGA
SHIVAMOGGA/HASSAN/CHIKKAMAGALURU
Crops/
Components
Paddy
Maize
Red
gram
Stage /
Condition
Nursery
preparation
stage
Sowing
Maturity/
Harvest
Pest and
Disease
-
Prepare nursery for summer paddy and treat the seed with
Corbondizim @ 4 g/kg seeds.
-
Right time for sowing of summer maize.
Pod borer
Yellow leaf
disease
Areca
nut
Flowering
Anabe roga
(Ganoderma)
Mites
Hidimundige
disease
Nut
drop/splitting
Stem
bleeding
Inflorescence
bug
Coconut
Flowering/
Maturity
Agro advisories
Mites
Spray Chloropyriphos 20 EC 2 ml/lit. or Indaxacorb 14.5 SC @ 1
ml/lit. or Stynosod 45 SC 0.25 ml/lit. or Melathion dust @ 5%.
Physical condition of the soil should be improved by deep digging and
adding sand/organic matter. In heavy sticky soils, gypsum @ 500 kg /
ha may not be incorporated, once in two years prior to normal
fertilizer application. Adequate drainage should be provided,
especially during monsoon season. Phyto-sanitary and plan-protection
measures should be adopted to control Anabe, bud rot, spindle bud
and mite infestation. Sun-scorching of the stem should be avoided by
covering with arecanut leaves or painting with lime slurry. Application
of NPK fertilizers as per schedule along with lime and zinc @ 8.5 g
each per palm.
Pouring of 0.3% of Calixin in 15-20 litre of water at three month
intervals or root feeding of 1.5% calixin solution or drench
Hexaconozole (Contof) solution @ 1 ml/lit.
As a precautionary measure spray dicofol @ 2.5 ml / litre of water or
Sulphur @ 4g/litre of water.
Spray 225 gm/palm equal proportion of copper sulphate + lime twice
in a year
Application of borax (2 g/litre of water) during early stages of the
disease reduces splitting.
Improve drainage in ill drained gardens
Improving the drainage may help in minimizing its incidence.
Scooping out the affected portions and application of coal tar or
Bordeaux paste @ 1% is effective to reduce the incidence.
Place the 10 g Phorate granules in small polythene bag and keep
inside the inflorescence part of arecanut
Spray water soluble sulphur @ 5 g/liter of water or spray a mixture of
neem oil (20 ml) + garlic solution (20 g) + soap powder solution (5 g)
per liter of water to the coconut flower and fruit bunch.
Ginger/
Turmeric
Maturity
Banana
-
Vegetable
crops
-
Mango
Flowering
Pouring of 0.3% of Calixin in 15-20 litre of water at three month
Anabe roga
intervals or root feeding of 1.5% calixin solution or drench
(Ganoderma)
Hexaconozole (Contof) solution @ 1 ml/lit.
Irrigation should be provide once in the week and cover the beds with
mulches.
As a precautionary measure spray carbendizim + mancozeb (SAAF)
Banana Leaf
@ 2.0 g / litre of water followed by (15 days after) [email protected]
spot/Sigatoka
2.0 g/ litre of water
Sucking
Advised to go for 2.5 ml Chlorpyriphos dissolved in one liter of water.
pests
Spray 4 g Carbaryl 50 WP or 2 ml Melathion 50 EC or 0.25 ml
Hoppers
Imidacloprid per liter of water at before flowering and immediate after
fruit setting.
NORTH TRANSITION ZONE, DHARWAD
BELAGAVI/DHARWAD/HAVERI
•
•
•
•
•
Sky will be mainly and no rainfall maybe expected for next 4-5 days and minimum temperature will increase.
Farmers are advised to harvest the crops (Chilli and Cotton).
Keep the harvested produce for sun draying.
Farmers are advised to take up spraying operations in Bengal gram
New planting of Sugarcane: Dip the sets for 10 min in solution prepared from 100 gm Carbendizim + 100 ml
Chlorpyriphos + 100 gm Urea in 100 litre of water.
Rabi
Sorghum
Wheat
Chickpea
• Early sown crop is at flowering phase. This phase, plants are highly sensitive to any type
of stress such as nutrient deficiencies or water deficits or excess. It is advised to irrigate
the crop immediately and top dressing with 1 bag (50 kg) urea per ha.
• Inter cultivation should be attended in rainfed crops to remove the weeds and conserve
the moisture.
• Earhead bug: They suck the sap from developing grains leads to choppy seeds. Control:
Dust the earheads with 5% Melothion @20 kg or 10% Carbaryl @ 20kg per ha.
• Crop sown during the month of October 1st week is at late Jointing to flowering stage,
these stages are sensitive for any kind of stress it may reduce kernels / head so it is
advised to give irrigation immediately.
• Wherever crusting is a problem it can be solved by timely irrigation.
• For control of rust Disease in Wheat (Flowering to grain filling stage) spray 1ml
Proficonezol 25EC per litre of water looking to severity repeat the same spray 15 days
after first spray.
• Crop sown during the month of October 1st week is at pod Development to maturity stage
(85 to
90 days of sowing) Crop sown during the month of November1st week is at flowering to
Sugarcane
Cotton
pod
formation stages (55 to 60 days of sowing) irrigate the crop immediately.
• To manage pod borer pest, take up spraying of 0.3 ml Indaxicarb or 4 gram Carbaryl or
0.5 ml
Rynaxiphyr or 20 ml of Garlic and Chilli extract dissolved in one liter of water. Repeat
the same
Spray at the time of flowering and pod development stage if the incidence of pod borer
is notice
• If water scarcity is the there irrigate the crop in alternate row, to save the water. Drip
irrigation save the water up 40%.
• To reduce the wooly aphids provide proper drainage excess water and Soil application
of Phorate 10G @20kg/ha or Spray the crop with Chlorpyriphos 20EC @2ml or
monocrotophos 36 SL @ 1ml/litre of water.
• Maturation and Ripening - This phase lasts for about three months - Detrashing
should be taken up, it could be done at bi-monthly intervals depending upon the labour
availability.
Depending up on the maturity of standing crop complete the harvesting within 8-10
days,
Immediately after the completion of the harvest within a week remove the trash and use
it for compost making or allow the trash to decompose in between the rows.
• Shave the stubbles as close as possible to the ground level with sharf knives to allow
uniform establishment the ratoons.
• For New planting: it should be done in January – February month Use diseased free
sets from 8-10month old plantation.
• Dip the sets for 10 minutes in solution prepared form 100gm Carbendizim + 100 ml
Chlorpyriphos + 100 gm Urea in 100 litre of water. Use 25000 – 35000 three budded
sets/ha.
• Fertilizer: Nitrogen:250 kg (10% at the time of sowing, 20% at 6th week after planting,
30% at 10th week, remaining 40% at 14th week after planting.
• To make best use, always apply fertilizer in plough furrow on either side of crop roes
and cover at the time of Intercultivation.
• Application of sulphur in the form of Gypsum @ 500 kg /ha to sulphur deficient soils to
increase the cane yield and juice quality
• In majority cotton growing areas the seed cotton is nearing completion. It is advised not
to irrigate the crop to get new growth and few flowers and bolls. It will lead to build up
of pest and diseases which will affect the forthcoming regular cotton crop in the next
season.
• Light irrigation in alternate furrows is advised in black soils wherever the crop is at boll
development stage. Avoid picking of kapas during early morning hours and kapas should
be sun dried for a day and to be sent to market pickingwise separately to get higher price.
• It is suggested not to irrigate the crop where kapas picking is completed to avoid new
growth. use cotton stalks for compost making instead of burning or using as fuel. Cotton
stalks can be rotoslashed in the field itself by tractor operated rotovator.
Pest and Diseases management
• Shoot weevil incidence has been reported in few districts in 30-45 days old crop.
Advised spraying of Profenophos 50 EC @ 2 ml/lit + Dichlorovos 100 EC @ 2.0 ml/lit
of water
• If, Mirid bug incidence were noticed - Spraying of Acephate 75 SP @ 1 g/lit of water is
advised for effective control.
• Chilli crop which is sown in the month of June is at harvesting stage.
• Dry fruits can be harvested 70-80 days after trance planting
Pest and Diseases management in Tomato
Chilli/Tomato/ • Tomato - If fruit borer is noticed- spray Thiodicarb 1gm 75WP per litre of water.
• At flowering stage spray NAA 50ppm @5ml in 100 litre of water to reduce flower
Brinjol
dropping.
• For control of Shoot & Fruit borer in brinjol Collcet and destroy the damaged tender
shoots, Fallen fruits and Spray Carbaryl 50% WP 2glitre + wettable Sulphur 50% WP
2g/litre of water.
Watermelon
• To control powdery mildew in watermelon spray Metalexyl @ 2g/litre of water
• For milch animals regularly follow schedule of 1 kg feed + 50 g mineral mixture per 2
litres of milk yield. Feed animals with a mixture of green grass + hay + minerals + dry
feed like a khichri
• Keep the cattle shed clean.
Animals
• Protect milch animals from cold weather.
• Proper ventilation should be maintained for free circulation of air in the sheds.
• Maintain optimum moisture of 50 to 60 per cent in vermin compost pits and drain out
the excess water from the vermipits.
HILL ZONE, SIRSI
UTTARA KANNADA
Paddy
•
•
•
Paddy threshing can be continued.
Farmers are advised to take up the sowing of pulses like Black gram, Green gram and also the green manure crop
sun hemp to utilize residue moisture after harvest of the paddy in Paddy field.
In paddy fields where there is no residue moisture, in such fields farmers can take up deep ploughing, so that the
soil pathogens will die and in turn it will help to reduce pest incidence for the next paddy crop.
Mango
•
It is at flowering stage.
•
For control of powdery mildew spray Carbendezim @1 gm / lit of water or Hexaconozole @1g / lit of water.
•
For control of Hoppers spray Melathion @ 2ml / lit of water or Monocrotophos @ 1.25ml / lit of water.
Arecanut
• The incidence of button dropping, inflorescence dieback will occur. For the control of these spraying of
Carbendezim @ 1 gm/lit or Mancozeb @ 2 gm/lit of water can be taken.
•
Root grub in arecanut: Pour 3 liters of Chloropyriphos solution (3 ml per liter of water) to base of arecanut.
Cardamom
•
For control of Leaf spot and rot Spray with 1% Bordeaux mixture or 3 gm copper oxy chloride per lit of water.
Banana
•
For control of panama disease 1 gm Carbendezim /lit Drench 3-4 lit per plant.
Cashew
• For the control of Tea Mosquito Spray Monocrotophos @ 1ml / lit of water or Dimethoate @ 2ml Per lit of
water.
COASTAL ZONE, BRAMHAVAR
UDUPI/DAKSHINA KANNADA
Bulletin yet to be received