# 2140502 - Gujarat Technological University

```GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (05)
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS – I
SUBJECT CODE: 2140502
B.E. 4th SEMESTER
Type of Course: Engineering Science
Prerequisite: Zeal to learn the subject
Rationale: It is the basic subject for Chemical Engineering Students
Teaching and Examination Scheme:
Teaching Scheme
Credits
L
T
P
C
3
1
0
4
Examination Marks
Theory Marks
Practical Marks
ESE
PA (M)
ESE (V)
PA
(E)
(I)
PA
ALA
ESE
OEP
70
20
10
30
0
20
Content:
Sr.
Topics
No.
INTRODUCTION AND FIRST LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS:
The scope of thermodynamics, Dimensions and units, Measures of
amount or size, Force, temperature, pressure, work, energy, heat, etc.
Internal Energy, Enthalpy, The first law of thermodynamics, Energy
1
balance for closed systems, Equilibrium, The Phase rule, The
reversible process, Heat capacity, Application of first law of
thermodynamics to steady state flow process.
VOLUMETRIC PROPERTIES OF PURE FLUIDS :
PVT behavior of pure substances, Ideal and non-ideal gases, Equation
of states, Virial, Cubic, Vanderwaals EOS, Redlich/Kwong (RK) EOS
2
etc., Calculation of constants in terms of Pc, Tc, Vc. Generalized
Correlations for gases and liquids.
HEAT EFFECTS:
Sensible heat effects, Temperature
dependence
of the heat
capacity, Latent heats of pure substances, Approximate methods for the
3
estimation of the latent heat of vapourization, Standard heat of reaction,
Standard heat of formation, Standard heat of combustion, Temperature
Dependence of ΔH⁰, Heat effects of Industrial Reactions.
SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS:
Statements of second law of thermodynamics, Heat engines,
4
Thermodynamic Temperature Scales, Concept of entropy. Entropy
changes of an Ideal Gas, Third law of thermodynamics.
THERMODYNAMICS PROPERTIES OF FLUIDS:
The fundamental property relations for homogeneous phases,
Maxwell’s equations, Residual properties, Mathematical relations
5
among
thermodynamic
properties, Two phase systems,
Thermodynamic diagrams.
THERMODYNAMICS OF FLOW PROCESS:
6
Fundamental equations and relationships flow in pipes, maximum
Teaching
Hrs.
Total
Marks
150
Module
Weightage
11
40
10
8
7
60
6
6
7
velocity in pipe flow, nozzles, Single and Multistage compressors and
ejectors.
REFRIGERATION AND LIQUEFACTION:
Carnot refrigerator, Vapour compression cycle, Absorption
refrigeration, Choice of refrigerant, Heat pump, Liquefaction processes.
6
Suggested Specification table with Marks (Theory):
Distribution of Theory Marks
R Level
18
U Level
24
A Level
23
N Level
5
E Level
0
Legends: R: Remembrance; U: Understanding; A: Application, N: Analyze and E: Evaluate and above Levels
(Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy)
Note: This specification table shall be treated as a general guideline for students and teachers. The actual
distribution of marks in the question paper may vary slightly from above table.
Reference Books:
1. “ Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics”; J. M. Smith, H. C.Van Ness, M. M.
Abbott, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
2. “ Chemical, Biochemical and Engineering Thermodynamics”; S.I. Sandler, Wiley India
Edition.
3. “A text book of Chemical Enginnering Thermodynamics”; K. V. Narayanan, Prentice-Hall of India
Pvt. Ltd.
4. “Chemical and Process Thermodynamics”; B.G. Kyle, Prentice-Hall Inc.
5. “ Introduction to Thermodynamics”; Y.V.C. Rao, 2nd Edition, Wiley Eastern Limited
Course Outcomes:
After learning the course the students should be able
1. Develop a fundamental understanding of the basic principles of chemical engineering
thermodynamics and calculations.
2. Examine and select pertinent data, and solve energy transformations problems.
3. Give examples of important application of thermodynamics laws in chemical engineering and
biotechnology processes.
List of Open Source Software/learning website:
1. Students can refer to video lectures available on the websites including NPTEL.
2. Students can refer to the CDs which are available with some reference books for the solution of
problems using softwares. Students can develop their own programs for the solutions of problems.
ACTIVE LEARNING ASSIGNMENTS: Preparation of power-point slides, which include videos,
animations, pictures, graphics for better understanding theory and practical work – The faculty will allocate
chapters/ parts of chapters to groups of students so that the entire syllabus to be covered. The power-point
slides should be put up on the web-site of the College/ Institute, along with the names of the students of the
group, the name of the faculty, Department and College on the first slide. The best three works should submit
to GTU.
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