334- Focus News 13-19 Jan 2015_FOCUS NEWS 20-26

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NEW DELHI TUESDAY 20-26 JANUARY-2015
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v/;{k daoj iky xqTtj ea=h cuk, tk ldrs gSa- ;kuh cgqr tYn v/;{k in ij Hkh dksbZ u;k
psgjk dkfct gks ldrk gS-gkykafd eaf=;ksa ij vkf[kjh QSlyk ikVhZ vkykdeku djsxh-lw=ksa ds
vuqlkj ç/kkuea=h ujsaæ eksnh ds ikuhir nkSjs ds ckn vkSj vke ctV ls igys dSfcusV foLrkj gks
ldrk gS- 22 tuojh dks ih,e eksnh cfPp;ksa dh lqj{kk ds fy, ,d ;kstuk dk 'kqHkkjaHk djus
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tk,] ysfdu ,slk ugha gks ldk- nks lky ls bl laca/k esa ge yksx ckr dj jgs gSa] fQj vHkh rd
dqN ugha gks ldk gS- mUgksaus dgk fd cSad deZpkfj;ksa dh osru dh leh{kk dk ekeyk 1 uoacj
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—".kk rhjFk Hkktik---
(wlc <s sk KlL)
eueksgu flag dh vxqokbZ okyh laçx ljdkj esa efgyk ,oa cky fodkl ea=h jgha rhjFk ds lkFk fnYyh esa ikVhZ ekeyksa ds çHkkjh çHkkr
>k vkSj fnYyh Hkktik v/;{k lrh'k mik/;k; Fks A 1984 ls 2004 ds chp fnYyh fo/kkulHkk dh lnL; jgha vkSj 2004 ls 2014 rd if'peh fnYyh ls dkaxzsl lkaln us 'kkg ls eqykdkr ds ckn
dgk] ^^ ;g fopkj/kkjk dk loky gS A eSaus turk dh lsok djus ds fy, Hkktik v/;{k vfer 'kkg ls eqykdkr dh--eSa bl y{; ds lkFk vk;h gwa A** Hkktik esa mudh Hkwfedk ds ckjs esa iwNs tkus
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,d lIrkg esa Hkktik esa 'kkfey gksus okyh rhljh gkbZ çksQkby efgyk gSa A blls igys iwoZ vkbZih,l vf/kdkjh fdj.k csnh vkSj iwoZ vki usrk 'kkft;k bYeh Hkh Hkktik esa 'kkfey gks pqdh gSa A
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rhjFk o"kZ 2004 ls mÙkjh if'peh fnYyh lhV ls lkaln gSa vkSj fiNyh laçx ljdkj esa efgyk ,oa cky fodkl ea=h ^Lora= çHkkj^ jg pqdh gSa A bl chp dkaxzsl ds vU; usrkvksa us fnYyh fo/kkulHkk
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[kq'k vkSj jkth gSA fdj.k csnh dks ^ckgjh* O;fä crk, tkus ij 'kkg us dgk fd ikVhZ esa gj lnL; fdlh le; ^ckgjh* djus dh 'krZ ij crk;k fd —".kk rhjFk iVsy uxj fuokZpu {ks= ls fVdV ikus dk Hkjld ç;kl dj jgh Fkha ysfdu ikVhZ us mUgsa fVdV
gksrk gSA blfy, fdj.k csnh ckgjh ugha gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd vkbZih,l vf/kdkjh ds :i esa og viuh ç'kklfud dkfcfy;r nsus ls badkj dj fn;k A dkaxzsl us jkts'k fyyksfFk;k dks ogka ls viuk mEehnokj cuk;k gS A rhjFk dks ogka ls fVdV ugha fn;k x;k
lkjh nqfu;k dks fn[kk pqdh gSa vkSj og Hkz"Vkpkj fojks/kh eqfge Hkh pyk pqdh gSa vkSj ikVhZ dks mudh usr`Ro {kerk esa iwjk D;ksafd fuokZpu {ks= esa ikVhZ dk;ZdrkZ muds f[kykQ Fks A mUgksaus dgk fd ikVhZ bl ckr ls voxr Fkh fd —".kk rhjFk Hkktik usrkvksa
fo'okl gS] blfy, mUgsa ;g ftEesnkjh lkSaih xbZ gSA Hkktik lalnh; cksMZ dh cSBd esa ç/kkuea=h ujsaæ eksnh ds vykok x`g ds laidZ esa gSa ysfdu ikVhZ dks yxrk Fkk fd ;g egt ncko cukus dh pky gSA mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk fd ikVhZ us fiNys dqN n'kdksa esa
ea=h jktukFk flag] foÙk ea=h vj.k tsVyh] fons'k ea=h lq"kek Lojkt vkSj vU; mifLFkr FksA xr xq#okj dks Hkktik esa rhjFk dks cgqr dqN fn;k gS A og ikVhZ dh fo/kk;d vkSj lkaln jgh gSa rFkk laçx ljdkj esa mUgsa jkT;ea=h Lora= çHkkj dk nkf;Ro
'kkfey gqbZa csnh us muds mij fo'okl trkus ds fy, ikVhZ ds çfr vkHkkj çdV fd;kA mUgksaus dgk] ^^eSaus igys gh fdlh lkSaik x;k Fkk
Hkh lhV ls pquko yM+us dh viuh bPNk dk btgkj fd;k gSA lewph fnYyh esjs fny ds djhc gSA ge ,d vPNh fnYyh
fodflr djsaxsA** jk"Vªh; jkt/kkuh esa fdj.k csnh ds Hkktik ds çpkj vfHk;ku dk usr`Ro djus dks ysdj ikVhZ esa vlgefr
ds Loj mBus ds ckjs esa iwNs tkus ij 'kkg us dgk fd ikVhZ esa dksbZ ukjktxh ugha gS vkSj lHkh yksx Hkktik dh thr
lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, ,d Vhe dh rjg feydj dke dj jgs gSaA txnh'k eq[kh lesr Hkktik dh fnYyh bdkbZ ds usrkvksa
us muls lykg&e'kfojk fd, fcuk csnh dks ikVhZ esa 'kkfey fd, tkus ij igys vkifÙk trkbZ FkhA ,d vU; usrk eukst eqacbZA c‚yhoqM esa xksfoUnk dk uke ,d ,sls vfHkusrk ds rkSj lkFk dke fd;kA gkL; ls ifjiw.kZ bl fQYe esa xksfoank us nksgjh Hkwfedk
frokjh us Hkh viuh uk[kq'kh trkbZ Fkh ysfdu nksuksa usrk ckn esa ikVhZ ykbu ds vkxs >qd x,A 'kkg us dgk fd Hkktik vius ij 'kqekj fd;k tkrk gS ftUgksaus viuh Mkaflx LVkby vkSj fuHkkdj n'kZdksa dks jksekafpr dj fn;kA;g fQYe Hkkjrh; flusek txr ds
bfrgkl esa Cy‚d cLVj fQYeksa esa 'kqekj dh tkrh gSA -vka[ks- dh Cy‚d cLVj
lg;ksxh vdkyh ny ds lkFk feydj fnYyh esa pquko yM+sxhA blls igys Hkktik dks ^vn~Hkqr vkSj laxfBr* ikVhZ djkj nsrs d‚esMh vfHku; ls n'kZdks ds fnyksa es [kkl igpku
lQyrk ds ckn xksfoUnk-MsfoM dh tksMh+ us ,d ls c<d़j ,d fQYe
gq, fdj.k csnh us vkt dgk fd muds eq[;ea=h in dk mEehnokj ?kksf"kr fd, tkus dh laHkkouk dks ysdj ukjktxh dh cuk;hA 21 fnlacj 1963 eas tUesa xksfoUnk fQYeh
cukdj n'kZdksa dk Hkjiwj euksjt
a u fd;kA bu fQYeksa esa dqyh uacj ou[kcjsa c<+k p<+kdj is'k dh xbZ gSaA csnh us nkok fd;k fd muds ikVhZ esa 'kkfey gksus ls dk;ZdrkZ [kq'k vkSj ,dtqV gSaA ifjokj ls rkYyqd j[krs FksAmuds firk v:.k
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nhokuk eLrkuk-nqYgs jktk-glhuk eku tk;sxh-tksMh+ uacj ou vkSj
n'kd esa vfHkusrk-vfHkus=h ds rkSj ij fQYeksa esa
gaSA ,d ifjokj esa b/kj&m/kj vkokt gks ldrh gSA ikVhZ ds dk;ZdrkZ [kq'k] mRlkfgr vkSj ,dtqV gSaA**
ikVZuj vkfn 'kkfey gSA 2000 ds n'kd es xksfoUnk dh
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Wklst tb-Okls vlmòc-251 (level Easy) Krishna
Wklst tb-Okls vlmòc-250 sk om
2000 esa çnf'kZr fQYe f'kdkjh esa xksfoUnk us
flus dSfj;j dh 'kq:vkr o"kZ 1986 esa çnf'kZr fQYe
vius flus dfj;j dk igyk usxfs Vo fdjnkj
bYtke ls dhAbl fQYe esa muij fQYek;k xhr-vkbZ
fuHkk;k ftlds fy;s mUgsa loZJ"s B [kyuk;d
,e ,LVªhV Mkalj--dkQh yksdfç; gqvkAbl
dk fQYe Qs;j iqjLdkj Hkh fn;k x;kA
fQYe dh lQyrk ds ckn xksfoUnk dh
xksfoUnk ds flus dSfj;j eas mudh tksMh+
Nfo ,d Mkaflx LVkj ds :i esa cu x;h
vfHkus=h dfj'ek diwj ds ds lkFk dkQh
vkSj fQYedkjks us mudh bl Nfo dks
ilan dh x;hA mudh tksMh+ lcls igys o"kZ
viuh fQYeksa esa tedj Hkquk;kA bYtke
esa xksfoUnk dh tksM+h uhye ds lkFk dkQh ilan dh x;hAbl fQYe ds 1993 esa çnf'kZr fQYe -eqdkcyk- esa ,d lkFk ilan dh x;hA ckn esa mudh
ckn uhye vkSj xksfoUnk us dbZ fQYeksa esa ,d lkFk dke fd;kA bu fQYeksa tksMh+ dks fQYedkjks us viuh fQYeksa esa fjihV fd;kA bu fQYeksa esa jktk
esa yo 86 [kqnxtZ-gR;k flanwj QtZ dh tax- rkdroj vkSj nks dSnh ckcw- nqykjk- [kqíkj- dqyh uacj ou- lktu pys llqjky- ghjks uacj ou'kkfey gSA xksfoUnk ds flus lQj esa mudh tksM+h MsfoM /kou ds lkFk glhuk eku tk;sxh -f'kdkjh- tSlh fQYesa 'kkfey gSA dfj'ek ds vykok
dkQh ilan dh x;hA o"kZ 1989 esa xksfoUnk us funsZ'kd MsfoM /kou ds xksfoUnk dh tksMh+ fdeh dkVdj-johuk VaMu vkSj f'kYik 'ksêh ds lkFk Hkh
lkFk igyh ckj fQYe rkdroj esa dke fd;kAbl fQYe dks fVdV dkQh ilan dh x;hA fQYeksa esa dbZ Hkwfedk,a fuHkkus ds ckn xksfoUnk us
s ikVhZ
f[kMdh ij vkSlr lQyrk feyh ysfdu bl fQYe ds ckn MsfoM /kou lekt lsok ds fy, jktuhfr esa ços'k fd;k vkSj o"kZ 2004 esa Økaxl
vkSj xksfoank dh tksM+h cu x;h vkSj nksuks us dbZ fQYeksa esa ,d lkFk dke ds fVdV ij pquko yMd़j yksdlHkk ds lnL; cusAo"kZ 2007 esa çnf'kZr
tbOkls zj sj oali T'alm sjli: focusnews [email protected] toh tbOkls zjel ykml sk eka y WklUkl takvkj wG ali ØÔskgKf gsuk ck<xk`
dj n'kZdksa dk eukjatu fd;kA o"kZ 1993 esa çnf'kZr fQYe --vka[ks-xksfoUnk fQYe ikVZuj dh lQyrk ds ckn xksfoUnk ,d ckj fQj ls viuh igpku
ds flus dSfj;j dh lokZf/kd dke;kc fQYe esa 'kqekj dh tkrh gSA bl cukus esa dke;kc gks x;s1xksfoUnk us vius rhu n'kd ds dSfj;j esa yxHkx
Published, Printed, Edited and Owned by Chander Shekhar Aggarwal Published from A-1913/19, Kalka#i, G.P. Extn. New
Delhi-19. R N.I. NUMBER :- DELBIL/2008/27148 Printed from Sahara India Mass Communication Press, House No. 2,3
fQYe esa ,d ckj fQj xksfoUnk us vius ilanhnk funs'Z kd MsfoM /kou ds 120 fQYeksa eas dke fd;k gSA
&4 , Sec-11, Noida.Tel.011-26030012 E-mail- [email protected], [email protected]
fdj.k csnh gksaxh---
Mkaflx LVkj ds :i esa igpku cuk;h xksfoUnk us
FOCUS NEWS
[kcjsa jkT;ksa ls
mUgksaus nkok fd;k fd dkaxzsl dk dksbZ Hkh u;k
psgjk xka/kh uxj lhV thrus esa lQy gksxkA
blls xka/kh uxj lhV ij ikVhZ dks dksbZ
uqdlku ugha gksxkA vc yoyh dh txg xka/kh
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çR;k'kh dkSu gksaxs]
blds tokc esa pkdks us
dgk fd u, çR;k'kh ds
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v/;{k lksfu;k xka/kh dks
Hkstk x;k gSA blfy,
u, uke dh ?kks"k.kk gks
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laoknnkrkvksa ls ckrphr esa dkaxzsl egklfpo vt; ekdu us dgk
fd vjfoUnj flag yoyh pquko u yM+dj ikVhZ
ds cM+s nkf;Ro dks fuHkk,axsA ekdu us dgk fd
dkaxzsl dh ftyk o Cykd Lrj dh d esfV;ka
Hkax gSa vkSj fiNys eghuksa esa budk xBu ugha
gqvk gSA blfy, gj {ks= esa pquko vfHk;ku dh
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easvxz.khgSA bl ft़yk dk xBu
dkaxzsl ikVhZ ds ç;klksa ls gqvk
vkSj dkaxzsl ljdkj ds
'kkludky ds nkSjku gh ;gka
vf/kdrj fodkl dk;Z gq,A
jk"Vªh; çks|kSfxdh laLFkku]
iksfyVsfdd d‚yt] lHkh ikap egkfo|ky;
dkaxzsl ljdkj us gh Loh—r fd, vkSj ft़ys dh
lcls cM+h is;ty ;kstuk celu&yxokyVh
dk fuekZ.k Hkh dkaxzsl ds 'kklu ds nkSjku gh
gqvk gS] ftlij yxHkx 75 djksM+ #i;s O;;
fd, x, FksA mUgksaus dgk fd
ohjHkæ flag us dgk fd dqN foi{k ds usrk
gehjiqj ft़yk rFkk vU; fupys {ks=ksa esa dkaxzsl
ljdkj }kjk djok, tk jgs rho fodkl ls
fopfyr gSa vkSj vius futh LokFkksaZ dh otg ls
bu {ks=ksa ds fodkl esa HksnHkko dk vkjksi yxk
jgs gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd çns'k ds yksx cqf)eku
gSa vkSj tkurs gSa fd dkaxzsl usrkvkas ds ç;klksa
ds pyrs gh fgekpy dk xBu gqvk vkSj çns'k
dk vf/kdrj fodkl dkaxzsl ljdkjksa us gh
fd;kA mUgksaus dgk fd iwoZ eq[;ea=h çse dqekj
/kwey dkaxzsl ljdkj ij
çrkfM़r djus dk vkjksi yxk
jgs gSa] tcfd okLrfordrk
;g gS fd dkaxzsl ikVhZ }kjk
fo/kku lHkk pquko ls iwoZ
lkSaih xbZ pktZ'khV ds vk/kkj
ij tkap djok jgh gSA
mUgksaus dgk fd iwoZ Hkktik
'kklu ds nkSjku vusd
vfu;ferrk,a ikbZ xbZ gSa]
ftudk dkaxzsl us vius pquko
?kks"k.kk i= esa tkap djus dk
vk'oklu fn;k FkkA
eq[;ea=h us dgk fd iwoZ eq[;ea=h }kjk muds
fo:) vusd ekeys cuk, x;s Fks ijarq mUgksaus
fdlh Hkh O;fä dks nks"k fn, fcuk ekuuh; dksVZ
esa Vªk;y dk lkeuk fd;k vkSj gj ekeys esa
nks"k eqä gksdj fudysA mUgksaus dgk fd mudh
fdlh Hkh usrk ds f[kykQ dksbZ nqHkkZouk ugha gS
vkSj dsoy jktuhfrd] oSpkfjd rFkk lS)kafrd
erHksn gSaA mUgksaus dHkh Hkh jktuhfr esa cnys
dh Hkkouk rFkk fodkl esa HksnHkko esa fo'okl
ugha fd;k gS vkSj Hkfo"; esa Hkh iwoZ dh rjg
lHkh {ks=ksa dk fodkl fd;k tk,xkA
y[kuÅ A dsUæh; x`gea=h Hkkjr ljdkj
jktukFk flag us mÙkjk;.kh dkSfFkx esys esa dgk
fd tc lekt laLdkjksa o ijEijkvksa dks NksM+
nsrk gS rc ogka fouk'k fuf'pr
gSA vaxzstksa ds dbZ oäO;ksa esa Hkh
;g ckr lkeus vk;h gS fd lekt
dks ckaVus ds fy, mudh laL—fr
dk fouk'k dj fn;k tk;A
bl volj ij mUgksaus uSuhrky
,Dlçsl dh lkSxkr nsrs gq, dgk
fd cgqr tYn bl Vªsu dks fQj
ls 'kq: dj fn;k tk,xk rFkk
jsyea=h tYn gh y[kuÅ vkdj
bl Vªsu dks 'kq: djsaxsA guqeku lsrq fLFkr
xkserh rV ij ioZrh; egkifj"kn] y[kuÅ }kjk
vk;ksftr mÙkjk;.kh dkSfFkx ¼esyk½&2015 esa
eq[; vfrfFk ds :i esa x`gea=h jktukFk flag
ekStwn FksA mUgksaus ç[;kr xkf;dk Jherh lqjfHk
jatu rFkk o`) nEifr rkjk nÙk dk.Miky dks
lEekfur fd;kA lekjksg ds nkSjku x`gea=h Jh
flag us dgk fd euq"; ds thou esa laLdkjksa dk
cgqr gh egRo gS] vr: gesa vius tM+ksa ls tqM+s
jguk pkfg,A mUgksaus dgk fd ;s gk; ck; dk
dYpj dgka ls vk x;k] eSa tgka Hkh dgha tkrk
gwa ogka ;qokvksa dk vkºoku t:j djrk gwa fd
;g lc cUn gksuk pkfg, vkSj gesa vius
ekrkif~krk dk pj.k Nwuk pkfg, u fd dgha
vkus& tkus ij gk; ;k ck; dgsaA Jh flag us
dgk fd gekjs ns'k esa dgha ij iksaxy rks dgha
ij laØkfUr euk;h tkrh gSA
mUgksaus bl mÙkjk;.k o nf{k.kk;.k
ds egRo dks le>krs gq, dgk fd
Hkkjr esa dgha Hkh ØkfUr ugha gqbZ
gS laØkfUr gqbZ gSA
mUgksaus dgk fd cM+s eu okyk
O;fä gh ges'kk thrrk gS vkSj
Hkkjr us ges'kk gh fo'o cU/kqRo
dh ckr dgh gS vkSj blfy, gh
og Hkh lHkh ds lkFk gSA bl
volj ij ioZrh; lekt }kjk lkSais x;s
ekaxi= ij dgk fd mUgsa vius lalnh; {ks=
dh fnDdrksa dh iwjh tkudkjh gS rFkk ioZrh;
lekt dh ,d cgqçrhf{kr ekax uSuhrky
,Dlçsl dks nksckjk pykus okyh ekax dks
cgqr tYn iwjk dj fn;k tk,xkA mUgksaus
dgk fd nksuks jsy ea=h us dqN fnu iwoZ gh
gesa lwfpr fd;k gS fd tYn gh ,d lekjksg
esa y[kuÅ ls dkBxksnke rd pyus okyh
uSuhrky ,Dlçsl dks gjh >aMh fn[kkdj
'kq#vkr dj nh tk,xhA blds iwoZ lekt dh
vksj ls 14 tuojh dks lkoZtfud vodk'k
?kksf"kr djus dk Hkh vkxzg fd;k x;kA
lkoZtfud txgksa ij Vhoh
ifjppkZvksa ij yxh jksd
ubZ fnYyh A fnYyh esa vkxkeh fo/kkulHkk
pqukoksa dks ns[krs gq, fnYyh iqfyl us Vhoh
pkSuyksa dh lkoZtfud LFkkuksa ij gksus okyh
ifjpZpkvksa dh 'kwfVax ij çfrca/k yxk fn;k gSA
iqfyl dk dguk gS fd ,slk blfy, fd;k x;k
D;ksafd rhu tuojh dks nf{k.k iwoZ fnYyh ds
xksfoaniqjh Fkkuk varxZr rqxydkckn bykds esa
Hkktik vkSj vki ds dk;ZdrkZvksa esa fglad >M+i
gks xbZ Fkh] ftlesa de ls de 12 yksx t[eh
gq, Fks vkSj bl ckcr vki o Hkktik dh rjQ
ls Økl ,QvkbZvkj xksfoaniqjh Fkkus esa ntZ dh
x;h FkhA fnYyh iqfyl ds ,d ofj"B vf/kdkjh
us crk;k fd bl laca/k esa QSlyk fnYyh iqfyl
ds mPp vf/kdkfj;ksa dh cSBd esa fy;k x;k]
D;ksafd ;g ns[kk x;k gS fd bl rjg dh Vhoh
ifjpZpkvksa dh 'kwfVax vDlj ijs'kkuh dk lcc
curh gSaA ,sls dk;ZØeksa ij jksd ds vkns'kksa ds
ckjs esa lHkh ftyk iqfyl mik;qäksa dks crk
fn;k x;k gSA
iqfyl us nkok fd;k fd bl rjg ds fn'kk
funsZ'k tkjh fd, tkus ds ckn dqN pkSuyksa ds
çfrfuf/k;ksa us fo'ks"k iqfyl vk;qä y‚ ,aM
vkMZj nhid feJk ls feydj ifjpZpkvksa dh
vuqefr fn, tkus dh ekax dh ysfdu muds
vuqjks/k dks vLohdkj dj fn;k x;k gSA iqfyl
dk dguk gS fd ckn esa fofHkUu pkSuy ds çfrfuf/k iqfyl vk;qä ch,l cLlh ls Hkh feys Fks
ysfdu iqfyl vk;qä dk lkQ dguk Fkk fd
bl rjg dh ifjpZpkvksa esa fgalk gksus dh
[kqfQ;k tkudkjh Hkh gSA bl otg ls vuqefr
drbZ ugha nh tk ldrhA iqfyl vk;qä us dgk
fd ifjpZpk ds nkSjku vkjksi çR;kjksi yxrs gSa
ftlls fLFkfr rukoiw.kZ gks tkrh gSA ,slk
,sgfr;kru dkuwu O;oLFkk cuk, j[kus ds fy,
dne mBk;k x;k gSA
bl ckcr vki gekjh enn dj jgs gSa] ftlds
fy, eSa vkidk vHkkjh gwaA fnYyh iqfyl ds
ofj"B vf/kdkjh us crk;k fd ge igys gh
x.kra= fnol lekjksg dh lqj{kk O;oLFkk dks
ysdj O;Lr gSa] tgka ij vesfjdh jk"Vªifr cjkd
vksckek eq[; vfrfFk gksaxsA muds çokl vkSj
muds vkus tkus dh lqj{kk gekjs fy, cM+h
pqukSrh gksxh] tcfd pquko lacaf/kr dbZ
ftEesnkfj;ka Hkh gekjs ikl gSaA ,sls ifj–'; esa
ge vius dfeZ;ksa dks Vhoh ifjpZpkvksa dh 'kwV~l
ij rSukr ugha dj ldrs gSaA Kkr gks fd rhu
tuojh dks vki ds rqxydkckn çR;k'kh lgh
jke igyoku vkSj Hkktik ds usrk ds chp Vhoh
ifjpZpk ds nkSjku rh[kh cgl gks xbZ FkhA blds
ckn vki çR;k'kh dh xkM+h dks vkx yxk nh
xbZ Fkh vkSj la?k"kZ esa de ls de 12 yksx
?kk;y gq, FksA iqfyl us nkok fd;k fd bl
dk;ZØe ds fy, Hkh iqfyl ls dksbZ vuqefr ugha
yh xbZ FkhAgS dkj.k
vksckek dh ;k=k ds fy, vHkwriwoZ lqj{kk
u;h fnYyhA vesfjdh jk"Vªifr cjkd
vksckek dh ekStwnxh okys x.kra= fnol
ijsM ds fy, jktiFk ij ohohvkbZih nh?kkZ
ds pkjksa vksj lkr Lrjksa okyk lqj{kk ?ksjk
gksxkA ogha] bykds ds Åij ds ok;q{ks=
dh fuxjkuh fo'ks"k :i ls yxk;k x;k
jMkj djsxkA
;g tehu ls ysdj gok rd dh vHkwriwoZ
lqj{kk ;kstuk dk fgLlk gksxk] tks 26
tuojh dks x.kra= fnol lekjkgksa esa eq[;
vfrfFk ds rkSj ij vksckek dh ;k=k ds
nkSjku jk"Vªh; jkt/kkuh dks vHks| :i ls
fdyscan dj nsxkA ,d eYVh ,tsalh
fu;a=.k d{k jk"Vªh; jkt/kkuh ds çR;sd
bykds esa fuxjkuh ij utj j[ksxk] ftls
vesfjdh jk"Vªifr dh ;k=k dks ysdj
mPpre vyVZ ij j[kk tk jgk gSA vksckek
Hkkjr dh rhu fnu dh
;k=k ij 25 tuojh
dks ;gka igaaqp jgs gSaA
lqj{kk rS;kfj;ksa esa yxs
vf/kdkfj;ksa us crk;k
fd bl dk;ZØ e ds
fy, mPp Lrj dk
[krjk gS ysfdu fdlh
laHkkfor vkradh [krjs ds
ckjs esa dksbZ [kkl
[kqfQ;k lwpuk ugha gSA
jkt/kkuh vkSj vkxjk
igqap pqds vesfjdu
lhØ sV lfoZl ds dfeZ;ksa
us vesfjdh jk"Vªifr ds
xqtjus okys ekxksaZ vkSj
jktiFk
dk
,d
'kq:vkrh losZ fd;k gSA
lkykuk ijsM ns[kus ds fy, jktiFk esa
vksckek jk"Vªifr ç.kc eq[kthZ] ç/kkuea=h
ujsUæ eksnh vkSj vU; ohohvkbZih ds lkFk
cSBsaxsA
bl ckr dh laHkkouk gS fd igyh ckj eq[;
vfrfFk jk"Vªifr dh cqysV çwQ dkj esa vkus
ds ctk; dk;ZØ e LFky ij vyx ls
vk,axsA ;fn og jk"Vªifr ds lkFk vkrs gSa
rks laHkor: og çFke vesfjdh jk"Vªifr
gksaxs tks viuh [kqn dh mPp lqj{kk okyh
c[rjcan dkj esa ;k=k ugha djsaxsA
vkf/kdkfjd lw=ksa us crk;k fd ohohvkbZih
nh?kkZ ds pkjksa vksj lkr Lrjksa okyk ,d
lqj{kk ?ksjk cuk;k tk,xk] ftlesa ,fyV
Lis'ky çksVsD'ku xzqi :,lihth: vkSj lhØ
sV lfoZlst ds dehZ djhch ?ksjs ij gksaxsA
ohohvkbZih nh?kkZ ds Åij ds ok;q {ks= dh
fuxjkuh ds fy, ,d jMkj fo'ks"k :i ls
yxk;k tk jgk gSA
dasæh; lqj{kk ,tsafl;ka viuh dalhYM ,aVh
VsjfjLV :dSV: nLrksa dks fnYyh yk;h gS
tks gksVyksa] xsLV gkmlksa vkSj tksf[ke okys
LFkkuksa ij vkSpd tkap
djsaxsA vksckek ds Bgjus
okys LFkku vkbZVhlh ekS;kZ
dh lqj{kk deku lhØsV
lfoZlst dfeZ;ksa us vius
gkFkksa esa ys yh gS vkSj
vesfjdh vf/kdkfj;ksa dh rSukrh okyk
eYVh ÝhDosalh :e cuk;k x;k gSA
jkt/kkuh esa yxk, x, djhc 15]000
lhlhVhoh dSejksa ds QqVst dh fuxjkuh ds
fy, LFkkfir fu;a=.k d{kksa esa ekStwn Vheksa
dk fgLlk vesfjdh lqj{kkdehZ Hkh gksaxsA
vesfjdh vf/kdkfj;ksa dks x.kra= fnol ds
dk;ZØ eksa ds ckjs esa ,d 'ikoj IokbaV"
çLrqfr nh xbZA
x.kra= fnol ij jk"Vªh; jkt/kkuh esa
jktiFk ij vk;ksftr gksus okys dk;ZØ eksa
3
ijEijkvksa dks u NksM+s
lekt % jktukFk flag
çns'k dkaxzsl v/;{k yoyh
ugha yM+saxs fol pquko
ubZ fnYyh A çns'k dkaxzsl v/;{k vjfoUnj flag
yoyh fo/kku lHkk pquko ugha yM+saxsA ikVhZ
usr`Ro ds vkxzg ij mUgksaus viuk uke okil
fy;k gSA vc mUgsa laxBu ds lkFk dke djus
dh cM+h Hkwfedk nh xbZ gSA
lkFk gh mUgsa ikVhZ us dkaxzsl
ds cM+s usrkvksa ds lkFk
feydj jkt/kkuh esa pquko
vfHk;ku dks lapkfyr djus
dh Hkh Hkwfedk nh gSA
vk;ksftr i=dkj lEesyu
esa fnYyh ds çHkkjh ih lh
pkdks us [kqyklk fd;k fd
çns'k dkaxzsl v/;{k yoyh
pquko ugha yM+saxsA mudh
txg ikVhZ usr`Ro fdlh u, uke dh ?kks"k.kk
dy djsaxs A yoyh dks iwjs çns'k esa pqukoh
rS;kjh ds fy, ikVhZ us ,slk fu.kZ; fy;k gSA
pkdks us dgk fd vjfoUnj flag yoyh us pquko
yM+us dh xqtkfj'k dh Fkh ysfdu ikVhZ us muls
viuk uke okil ysus dk vuqjks/k fd;k gSA blh
dkj.k mUgksaus viuk uke okil fy;k gSA
NEW DELHI TUESDAY 20-26 JANUARY-2015
ds fy, lqj{kk ds l[r çca/k fd;s x, gSa
vkSj fnYyh iqfyl ds 80 gtkj dfeZ;ksa ds
vykok v)ZlSfud cy ds 20 gtkj toku
,oa iM+kslh jkT; gfj;k.kk] jktLFkku ,oa
bafM;k fjtoZ cVkfy;u ds tokuksa dks
lqj{kk O;oLFkk esa yxk;k tk jgk gSA
gokbZlhek ds mYya?ku dh fdlh dksf'k'k
dks ukdke djus ds fy, egRoiw.kZ LFkkuksa
ij foekuHksnh rksiksa dks rSukr fd;k
tk;sxk tks ml fnu ikjaifjd rkSj ij
mM+ku oftZr {ks= gksrk gSA Hkwfexr esVªks
vkSj jktiFk ds bnZfxnZ ds
dk;kZy;ksa dks vesfjdh lqj{kk
dfeZ;ksa ds vkxzg ij 72 ?kaVs
igys gh vius laj{k.k esa ys
fy;k tk;sxkA fofHkUu LFkkuksa ij
fLuijksa dks rSukr fd;k
tk;sxk tcfd ijsM ds
{ks= ,oa ohohvkbZih
nh?kkZ dks Hkkjrh;
ok;q lsuk ok;q lqj{kk
çnku djsxhA
lw=ksa us crk;k fd
jk"Vªifr dh vksj ls
vk;ksftr tyiku
,Vgkse lekjksg ds
fy, vfrfFk;ksa dh
lwph dks lqj{kk eqíksa
dks /;ku esa j[krs gq,
bl ckj NksVk fd;k
tk jgk gSA lqj{kk ls
tqM+s çR;sd vH;kl esa
vesfjdh
lqj{kk
vf/kdkjh
'kkfey
gksaxsA vesfjdh vkSj
Hkkjrh; lqj{kk ,tsafl;kaa vksckek dh lqj{kk
dk fo'ks"k [;ky j[k jgh gSa D;ksasfd vesfjdh
jk"Vªifr x.kra= fnol ij ijsM ds nkSjku
nks ?kaVs rd [kqys eap ij jgsaxsA ,slh
laHkkouk gS fd ;gka ij cqysV çwQ lqj{kk
<kapk rS;kj fd;k tk,A bl ckj jktiFk
dh vksj tkus okyh lMd igys gh can dj
nh xbZ gS vkSj blds djhc fLFkr jQh ekxZ]
tuiFk] ekuflag jksM dks 26 tuojh ls ,d
;k nks fnu igys vke yksxksa ds fy, can
dj fn;k tk;sxkA
x.kra= fnol lekjksg %
psgjs igpkuus okys dSejs
yxk,xh fnYyh iqfyl
u;h fnYyhA x.kra= fnol lekjksg LFky ds vklikl
vkSj 'kgj ds ços'k fcanqvksa ij fnYyh iqfyl igyh ckj
psgjksa dh igpku djus okys dSejs yxkus tk jgh gS rkfd
fdlh jk"Vª&fojks/kh ;k vkijkf/kd rRo dks 'kgj esa
nkf[ky gkssus ls igys gh igpkuk tk lds A
x.kra= fnol ijsM LFky jktiFk dh rjQ tkus okyh
lM+dksa ds vykok gokbZ&vìksa] jsyos LVs'kuksa vkSj cl
iM+koksa ij dSejs yxk, tk,axs A x.kra= fnol ijsM esa
bl ckj vefjdh jk"Vªifr cjkd vksckek eq[; vfrfFk ds
rkSj ij 'kkfey gksaxs A ,d ofj"B iqfyl vf/kdkjh us
dgk] bu dSejksa esa psgjs igpkuus okyh rduhd gS
ftlls os HkhM+ esa Hkh psgjs igpku ysaxs vkSj gekjs MsVkcsl
esa miyC/k vkradokfn;ksa ,oa vkijkf/kd rRoksa dh rLohjksa
ls mudk feyku djsaxsA mUgksaus dgk] ,d ckj feyku gks
tkus ij l‚¶Vos;j gesa pkSdl dj nsxk vkSj lafnX/k dh
fxj¶rkjh dj yh tk,xh
vf/kdkjh us dgk] ge 'kgj ds j.kuhfrd ços'k fcanqvksa
vkSj ijsM LFky ij ,sls 80 ls 100 dSejs yxkus tk jgs
gSa A bl lky ds x.kra= fnol lekjksg ds fy, cM+s
iSekus ij lqj{kk bartke fd, x, gSa D;ksafd vksckek dh
ekStwnxh dh otg ls [krjk T;knk gS A [kqys lekjksg esa
jk"Vªifr ç.kc eq[kthZ] ç/kkuea=h ujsaæ eksnh vkSj vU;
x.kekU; gfLr;kas dh ekStwnxh fofHkUu ,tsafl;ksa ds fy,
cM+h lqj{kk pqukSrh gS A
lw=ksa us crk;k fd fnYyh iqfyl] dsaæh; l'kL= cyksa
vkSj vU; ,tsafl;ksa ds 40]000 lqj{kkdehZ x.kra= fnol
lekjksg ds fy, rSukr fd, tk,axs A jktiFk ds ,d
fdyksehVj ds nk;js esa vkus okys lHkh esVªks LVs'kuksa dks
26 tuojh dh lqcg can dj fn;k tk;sxk A fnYyh
iqfyl ,oa vU; lqj{kk ,tsafl;ksa ds 'kh"kZ vf/kdkfj;ksa us
vesfjdh [kqfQ;k lsok vkSj iM+kslh jkT;ksa ds vkyk iqfyl
vf/kdkfj;ksa ds lkFk cSBd dj leUo; dk;e djus dh
;kstuk ij ppkZ dh A lw=ksa ds eqrkfcd] vesfjdh
[kqfQ;k lsok ds vf/kdkfj;ksa us vksckek ds nkSjs ds nkSjku
laiw.kZ lqj{kk O;oLFkk ij ppkZ dh vkSj ftl gksVy esa
vesfjdh jk"Vªifr dks Bgjuk gS] ftu jkLrksa ls mUgsa
xqtjuk gS vkSj ftu txgksa ij mUgsa tkuk gS] mudk
C;ksjk gkfly fd;k A mUgksaus vksckek }kjk bLrseky fd,
tkus okys lHkh jkLrksa ij yxk, x, lhlhVhoh dSejksa rd
viuh igqap dh Hkh ekax dh gS vkSj dbZ vkikrdkyhu
fudkl }kjksa dks Hkh vafre :i fn;k x;k A
tiwkrshu
d'ehjh iafMr vkt Hkh misf{kr
vkt ls iPphl lky igys blh eghus d'ehj esa jgus okys
fgUnqvksa dks iyk;u ds fy, etcwj fd;k x;kA jkT; esa lkaçnkf;drk dh thr gqbZ vkSj ns'k esa /keZfujis{krk dh gkjA
ns'k ds ,dek= eqfLye cgqy jkT; ls vYila[;d leqnk;
dks tcjnLrh jkT; ls fudky ckgj dj fn;k x;kA bl
vU;k; ds fo#) ml le; dqN vkoktsa ncs Loj esa mBha
t:j ysfdu jktuhfrd lehdj.k vkSj ,d cqf)thoh oxZ us
ekeys dks jQk&nQk djus dk "kM;a= lk jpkA blesa mUgsa
bl dnj dke;kch feyh fd u rks iyk;u jksdk x;k vkSj
u gh iyk;u djokus ds ihNs dh rkdrksa dk inkZQk'k gks
ik;kA dqy feykdj tks vyxkoknh pkgrs Fks] ogh gqvk&
d'ehj ls fgUnqvksa dk lQk;kA vyxkookfn;ksa ds "kM;a= ds
rgr ?kkVh ls ikap yk[k fgUnqvksa dk nwljs 'kgjksa dh vksj
iyk;u gqvk vkSj os vius gh ns'k esa 'kj.kkFkhZ cusA viuh
tehu ls csn[ky fd;s tkus okys d'ehjh iafMr 19 tuojh
dks foLFkkiu fnol ds :i esa eukrs gSaA loky gS fd D;k
vkardokn gh flQZ dkj.k Fkk bl ?kVuk pØ dk! D;k
eqB~BhHkj canwd/kkjh brus rkdroj gks x, Fks fd ,d xkao ;k
,d dLck ugha cfYd iwjh ?kkVh ls ,d leqnk; ds yk[kksa
yksxksa dks gVkus vkSj feVkus esa dke;kc gks x;s! ;g vlaHko
yxrk gS D;ksafd eqB~Bh Hkj yksx vdsys ,slk ugha dj ldrs
gSaA ysfdu ?kkVh esa ;gh gqvkA ;gka vkardokn vkSj
vyxkookn ds cht dks vijks{k leFkZu feykA Hk; dk ekgkSy
cukus esa dbZ fganw fojks/kh yksx vkSj xqV lfØ; Fks tcfd
LFkkuh; ç'kklu vkSj jktuhfrd ikfVZ;ksa us viuh ftEesnkfj;ksa
ls eqag eksM+ fn;k FkkA dg ldrs gSa fd fcuk muds ewd
leFkZu ds vkard vkSj vkardoknh brus cM+s "kM;a= esa
dke;kc ugha gks ikrsA 1989 esa Qk:d vCnqYyk eq[;ea=h FksA
ysfdu mudh ljdkj us d'ehj ds vYila[;dksa ds vf/kdkjksa
ds laj{k.k ds fy, dqN ugha fd;kA dg ldrs gSa fd
vYila[;dks dks vukFkksa dh rjg NksM+ fn;k x;kA ?kkVh esa
vYila[;dksa ds f[kykQ fgalk dk nkSj 1980 ds n'kd esa 'kq:
gqvk FkkA bl n'kd ds vkf[kjh nkSj esa jkT; esa Qk:d
vCnqYyk dh ljdkj Fkh vkSj eq¶rh eqgEen lbZn dsanh;
x`gea=h FksA nksuksa dks bl ckr dk vPNh rjg ,glkl Fkk fd
?kkVh esa ns'k fojks/kh vkSj fgUnw fojks/kh ekgkSy cu jgk gSA ;gka
rd fd [kqfQ;k foHkkx ls Hkh yxkrkj tkudkjh Hkh fey jgh
FkhA loky gS fd fQj Hkh fganqvksa ds fgrksa dh j{kk vkSj fLFkfr
ij fu;ar.kzds fy, dqN D;ksa ugha fd;k x;k! rRdkyhu
Qk:[k vCnqYyk ljdkj us rks gn gh dj nh FkhA 1989 ds
tqykbZ&fnlEcj eghuksa es lÙkj [kwa[kkj vkardokfn;ks dks tsy
ls fjgk dj fn;k x;kA ekuk tkrk gS fd Qk:d vCnqYyk
ljdkj ds nkSjku gh ?kkVh esa dbZ vkardoknh xqVksa us vius
iSj ilkjus 'kq: dj fy;s FksA cgjgky] Qk:d vCnqYyk us
ftl rjg ?kkVh esa vkard vkSj vyxkookfn;ksa ij 'kq#vkrh
nkSj esa gh udsy u dl mUgsa iuius dk iwjk ekSdk fn;k]
mlls nky esa dqN dkyk rks yxrk gh gSA bl chp ns'k esa
fdrus gh cM+s gknls gq, gSaA
viùKlSj
[email protected]
cPpksa ds gkFk esa gfFk;kj ugha]
dye nsa vYila[;d % gsirqYyk
fctukSjA ^bl le; iwjs Hkkjr esa
fl;klh rCnhyh dh gok py jgh
gSA vYila[;d lekt ds yksx
viuh csfV;ksa dks vkykrkyhe
fnyok,a] ftlls vkus okyh uLysa Hkh
i<+h&fy[kh iSnk gksaA cPpksa ds gkFkksa
esa [krjukd gfFk;kj ugha] cfYd
dye gksuh pkfg,] rkfd mudk
Hkfo"; csgrj cu lds vkSj og ns'k
dk uke jks'ku dj ldsaA* ;g ckr
dsUæh; vYila[;d dY;k.k ea=h utek gsirqYyk us dLck
L;ksgkjk ds ,d dkyst esa vk;ksftr dk;ZØe esa dghA bl chp
Hkktik dk;ZdrkZvksa o vYila[;d lekt ds yksxksa us mudks Qwy
ekykvksa o pkanh dk eqdqV HksaV dj lEekfur Hkh fd;kA mUgksaus
dgk fd dkj ls fnYyh ls L;ksgkjk dLcs rd ds lQj esa mUgsa
lM+d ij gq, xïksa ls gksdj xqtjuk iM+kA mUgksaus ns[kk fd dqnjrh rkSj ij lM+dksa ds nksuksa rjQ rks gfj;kyh gS] ysfdu tks
lM+dsa gSa] og VwVh gSaA lM+dksa ij xïs ugha] xïksa esa lM+d fn[kkbZ
ns jgh FkhA
tkjh jgsxk ?kj okilh
dk;ZØe % rksxfM+;k
y[kuÅ A fo'o fganw ifj"kn ¼fofgi½ ds
varjjk"Vªh; dk;Zdkjh v/;{k Mk- çoh.k HkkbZ
rksxfM+;k us /kekZraj.k dk fojks/k djrs gq,
;gka dgk fd ,d rjQ tgka fdlh Hkh gky
esa yo&tsgkn ugha gksus fn;k tk,xk] ogha
?kj okilh dk dk;ZØe tkjh jgsxkA Jh
rksxfM+;k us l[r ygts esa dgk fd fganqvksa
ds fy, lqj{kk] le`f) vkSj lEeku t:jh gSA ns'k ds lkS djksM+
fganqvksa ds fy, viuk fotu Li"V djrs gq, mUgksaus dgk fd gj
Hkw[ks dks Hkkstu] gj ckyd dks f'k{kk] gj ifjokj dks MkDVj] gj
gkFk dks jkstxkj vkSj —f"k ds fodkl ij /;ku fn;k tk,xkA
mUgksaus dgk fd yo&ftgkn dks gj gky esa jksdk tk,xkA ;fn
yo&ftgkn can u gqvk rks f'kokth dh ryokjsa vkleku esa
Vdjkrh jgsaxhA rksxfM+;k fo'o fgUnw ifj"kn ds Lo.kZ t;arh o"kZ
ds volj ij y[kuÅ ds fujkykuxj fLFkr ljLorh f'k'kq
efUnj esa vk;ksftr fganw lEesyu esa eq[; vfrfFk ds :i esa vius
fopkj O;ä dj jgs FksA Mk- rksxfM+;k us dgk fd /kekaZrj.k dk
lcls T;knk na'k fgUnqvksa us lgk gSA /kekZrj.k u gksrk rks eDdk
vkSj enhuk esa Hkh fgUnqvksa dh gh vkcknh vf/kd gksrhA vkt
fganqvksa dh vkcknh nqfu;k esa lkS djksM+ gS] og lkr vjc gks
pqdh gksrhA mUgksus dgk fd /kekZrj.k rks eqxy dky ls gksrk
vk jgk gSA laln esa /kekZrj.k fojks/kh dkuwu dk ge leFkZu djrsa
gSA gekjk lafo/kku Hkh /kekZrj.k dh btktr ugha nsrkA
4
NEW DELHI TUESDAY 20-26 JANUARY-2015
fcgkj esa rhu ,yihth
c‚Vfyax IykaV [kqysaxs % ç/kku
iVuk A dsUæh; isVªksfy;e ,oa çk—frd xSl
ea=h ¼Lora= çHkkj½ /kezsUæ ç/kku us dgk gS fd
vxys Ng o"kksZ esa çns'k esa xSl ikbiykbu]
jlksbZ xSl c‚Vfyax IykaV lesr isVªksfy;e {ks=
esa 25000 djksM+ dk fuos'k fd;k tk,xkA
mUgksaus dgk fd çns'k ds lhoku] xksikyxat o
eksfrgkjh esa u, jlksbZ xSl ds
c‚Vfyax IykaV dh LFkkiuk dh
tk,xhA ç/kku us çns'k Hkktik
dk;kZy; esa vk;ksftr laoknnkrk
lEesyu esa dgk fd cjkSuh
fjQkbujh dh {kerk 6 fefy;u
Vu ls c<+kdj 9 fefy;u Vu dj
nh tk,xhA bl lanHkZ esa bafM;u
v‚;y d‚jiksjs'ku dks funsZ'k ns
fn;k x;k gSA
mUgksaus dgk fd cjkSuh ds isVªksfy;e mRikn dh
ekdsZfVax usiky rd dh tk,xhA blds fy,
;kstuk rS;kj dj yh xbZ gSA ç/kku us dgk fd
vkus okys le; esa fcgkjokfl;ksa dks jlksbZ xSl
dh leL;k ls Hkh ugha tw>uk iM+sxkA mUgksaus
dgk fd fQygky çns'k esa 35 Qhln yksxksa dks
gh jlksbZ xSl miyC/k gS tks fd jk"Vªh; vkSlr
ls 25 Qhln de gSA jk"Vªh; Lrj ij ;g nj
60 Qhln gSA mUgksaus dgk fd vxys nks o"kksZ
esa fcgkj dk vkSlr Hkh 60 Qhln dj fn;k
tk,xkA mUgksaus dgk fd çns'k esa fQygky Ng
LFkkuksa ij ,yihth c‚Vfyax IykaV gSA dsUæ
ljdkj us bls Ng ls c<+kdj ukS djus dk
QSlyk fd;k gSA
ç/kku cjkSuh fjQkbujh dh Lo.kZt;arh ij
vk;ksftr dk;ZØe esa Hkkx ysus ds ckn jkt/kkuh
esa i=dkjksa ls :c: gks jgs FksA
ç/kku us dgk fd fQygky çns'k
esa flysaMj ds tfj, xSl vkiwÙkjf~
dh tk jgh gS ij vkus okys le;
esa ;gka ?kjksa esa ikbi ds tfj, xSl
vkiwÙkjf~ dh tk,xhA lkFk gh
çns'k esa fcVqfeu IykaV dh LFkkiuk
dh tk,xhA
mUgksaus dgk fd cjkSuh [kkn
dkj[kkus dks u, fljs ls pkyw
djus dh ;kstuk rS;kj dh xbZ gSA cjkSuh
fjQkbujh ds LVªsVftd IokabV mÙkj çns'k]
>kj[kaM o if'pe caxky esa [kksys tk,axsA ;g
iwNs tkus ij fd D;k dsUæ ljdkj fcgkj ds
pquko dks /;ku esa j[kdj ?kks"k.kk,a dj jgh gS]
mUgksaus dgk fd ;g lc ç/kkuea=h ujsUæ eksnh
dh lksp ds rgr fd;k tk jgk gSA dsUæh; ea=h
us dgk fd cjkSuh fjQkbujh dks ,d isVªksdsfedy d‚EiysDl ds :i esa fodflr fd;k
tk;sxkA
çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds çfr jkT; dh uhfr;ksa
dh leh{kk dh ckny dh ?kks"k.kk
yqf/k;kukA iatkc ds eq[;ea=h çdk'k flag
ckny us çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds dY;k.k ls lacaf/kr
jkT; ljdkj dh çeq[k uhfr;ksa dh leh{kk dh
?kks"k.kk dhA ckny us [kkl rkSj ij çoklh
Hkkjrh;ksa ds fy, ;gka vk;ksftr rhljs vkSj
vafre laxr n'kZu dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, dgk
fd ;s laxr n'kZu jkT; ljdkj
vkSj çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa nksuksa ds fy,
ykHknk;d lkfcr gq, gSa D;ksafd
blls jkT; ljdkj dks çokfl;ksa
ls lacaf/kr uhfr;ksa dh xgjh le>
cuh gSA
eq[;ea=h us çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks
fons'kksa esa iatkc ds nwr crkrs gq,
dgk] os lewps iatkch leqnk; ds
fy, laifÙk vkSj xoZ nksuksa gSa vkSj
blfy, mudk dY;k.k lqfuf'pr djuk jkT;
ljdkj dk QtZ gSA ckny us dgk] bu rhu
fnuksa ds nkSjku çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds lkFk laidZ
us eq>s mudh leL;ksa dks iwjh rjg le>us esa
l{ke cuk;k vkSj tgka Hkh mudh f'kdk;rsa nwj
djus ds fy, t:jr gksxh] ge ra= nq:Lr
djus dk iwjk ç;kl djsaxsA
çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ls lacaf/kr çeq[k uhfr;ksa dh
leh{kk dh ?kks"k.kk djrs gq, eq[;ea=h us dgk
fd jkT; ljdkj çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa ds f[kykQ
ekeyksa dh tkap dk vf/kdkj LFkkuh; ofj"B
iqfyl v/kh{kd dks lkSaius ij fopkj dj jgh
gSA mUgksaus dgk fd çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks QthZ
iqfyl f'kdk;rksa ds ek/;e ls vokafNr :i ls
lrk;s tkus ls cpkus ds fy, vc ls muds
f[kykQ fdlh Hkh f'kdk;r dh tkap ,uvkjvkbZ
çdks"B ds egkfujh{kd ds Lrj ij dh tk,xhA
ckny us dgk fd çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dks jktLo
vnkyrksa esa vius ekeyksa ds fucVkjs ds fy,
yack bartkj djuk iM+rk gSA jkT; ljdkj bu
ekeyksa ds fucVkjs dh çfØ ;k rst djus ds
fy, mi;qä dne mBk,xhA
eq[;ea=h us jkT; ds fodkl esa
çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dh csgrj
Hkkxhnkjh lqfuf'pr djus ds
fy, dgk] çoklh Hkkjrh; vius
xkaoksa ds fodkl ds fy,
lk>hnkj cuus ds bPNqd gSaA
blfy, jkT; ljdkj mUgsa enn
djus ds fy, lHkh dne
mBk,xhA ckny us dgk fd
jkT; esa çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dh
laifÙk;ksa ds ewY;kadu dh çfØ;k vklku
cukbZ tk,xh rkfd os dksbZ leL;k ugha >sysaA
mUgksaus tkya/kj esa çoklh Hkkjrh;ksa dh fo'ks"k
nhokuh vnkyr esa ekeyksa ds yafcr jgus ij
fpark trkrs gq, dgk fd og bl eqís dks
iatkc ,oa gfj;k.kk mPp U;k;ky; ds eq[;
U;k;k/kh'k ds le{k j[ksaxsA
bl chp] foi{kh dkaxzsl us iatkc esa çoklh
Hkkjrh;ksa dh vksj ls fuos'k ugha fd, tkus ds
eqís ij ckny ljdkj dks ?ksjk vkSj vkjksi
yxk;k fd jkT; esa fcxM+rh dkuwu&O;oLFkk dh
fLFkfr ds pyrs os Mjs gSaA iatkc ds iwoZ foÙkea=h
,oa eq[;ea=h ds Hkrhts euçhr ckny us ckny
ljdkj dks '',tsaMk foghu"" djkj nsrs gq, dgk
fd fuos'k vkdf"kZr djus ds fy, mi;qä
ekgkSy cukuk gksxkA
lik dh 74 lnL;h; mç dk;Zdkfj.kh ?kksf"kr
vf[kys'k ;kno v/;{k ] ujs'k mÙke mik/;{k] vjfoUn
flag xksi egklfpo] jktfd'kksj feJ dks"kk/;{k] jktsUæ
pkS/kjh çns'k çoäk cuk;s x;s
y[kuÅ A lektoknh ikVhZ ds jk"Vªh; v/;{k
eqyk;e flag ;kno us mç dh 74 lnL;h;
jkT; dk;Zdkfj.kh ?kksf"kr dj nhA jkT;
dk;Zdkfj.kh esa çns'k v/;{k vf[kys'k ;kno]
mik/;{k ujs'k mÙke] egklfpo vjfoUn flag
xksi] dks"kk/;{k jktfd'kksj feJ] çns'k çoäk
jktsUæ pkS/kjh rFkk lfpo in ij ,l-vkj-,l;kno ds vykok 21 lfpo rFkk 47 lnL;
'kkfey gSaA
jkT; dk;Zdkfj.kh ds 21 lfpoksa esa ,l-vkj-,l
;kno] vuhl ealwjh] ehuk jktiwr] eqtkfgn
fdnobZ] ,l-,u-flag ] ';keyky iky] v'kksd
iVsy ¼iwoZ lkaln½] lejukFk flag pkSgku]
galjkt /#os xkSM] jkenqykj jktHkj] lukru
ik.Ms;] ih-,u-pkSgku] gkth eqgEen vuoj [kka]
fo|korh jktHkj] Mk-vkj-,- mLekuh] Mk-jktiky
d';i] mek'kadj pkS/kjh] lksgu yky R;kxh]
lrsUn mik/;k;] çks-tkfgn [kka] ubZeqy glu
rFkk jes'k çtkifr 'kkfey gSaA blh rjg vkuUn
HknkSfj;k] lquhy flag ;kno] — ".kk flag]
vf'ouh ;kno] feJhyky jktiwr] vkseorh
;kno] jk?kosUn rksej] uhye jksfeyk flag ]
vferkHk cktis;h] xksiky ;kno] iEih tSu]
bjQkuqy gd dknjh]z nhiekyk dq 'kokgk]
vPNsyky fu"kkn] vEcs'k dqekjh tkVo] eq'rkd
dkteh] ia/kkjh ;kno] nythr fu"kkn] cgknqj
flag ;kno] dUgS;kyky xqIrk] txnfEcdk flag
iVsy] tuknZu fcUn] jke fugksj ;kno] uQhl
vgen] laxzke flag ;kno] uFkquh dq'kokgk] —
".kHkku flag lSaFkokj] vo/ks'k flag ;kno] jke
yfyr pkS/kjh] y{ehdkar iIiw fu"kkn] tkudh
iky] 'kdhy vgen] /kuat; mik/;k;] jkedq
ekj d';i] ohjsUn flag xaxokj] fefFkys'k dq
ekj dBsfj;k] cq) flag ;kno] Mk- ,lVh glu]
foØe flag HkkVh] ekaxsjke d';i] c[rkoj flag]
';keyky cPph lSuh] lR;ohj flag çtkifr]
eqds'k pkS/kjh rFkk lquhrk pkSgku dks çns'k
dk;Zdkfj.kh dk lnL; cuk;k x;k gSA
fQftdy ,tqds'ku VhpZl
dk fjVk;jesaV 60 ij
ubZ fnYyh A Mh;w esa f'k{kdksa dh fjVk;jesaV ,t 65 lky gSA Mk;jsDVj fQftdy ,tqds'ku Hkh
f'k{kd ekus x, gSa] fygktk budh fjVk;jesaV ,t 65 lky curh gSA ysfdu vc bu f'k{kdksa dh
fjVk;jesaV ,t 60 lky djus dh rS;kjh dh tk jgh gSA Mh;w ds f'k{kd laxBu ,dsMfeDl Q‚j
,D'ku ,aM MsoyiesaV ¼,,Mh½ us bl ckcr fd, tk jgs ç;klksa dh fuank dh gSA tkjh c;ku esa
,,Mh ds ps;jeSu M‚- vkfnR; ukjk;.k feJk us dgk fd 1981 esa ,dsMfed dkmafly o 1990 esa
dk;Zdkjh ifj"kn us Mk;jsDVj v‚Q fQftdy ,tqds'ku dks ysDpjj bu fQftdy ,tqds'ku ekuus
dk fu.kZ; fd;kA bl laca/k esa bl foHkkx ds f'k{kd Hkh vU; f'k{kdksa dh rjg gh 65 lky ij
fjVk;j gks jgs gSaA ;s f'k{kd Mh;w esa i<+kus dk Hkh dke djrs gSa vkSj 'kks/k ds fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks xkbM
Hkh djrs gSaA ;s fofo|ky; ds lHkh dkuwuh fudk;ksa ds lnL; Hkh gksrs gSaA fygktk bUgsa vyx dj
ns[ks tkus ds ç;kl dks cnkZ'r ugha fd;k tk,xkA lw=ksa ds vuqlkj Mh;w ls lEc) ,d d‚yst
esa fQftdy ,tqds'ku ds f'k{kd ds fjVk;jesaV ,t dks 60 o"kZ fd, tkus dk fu.kZ; yxHkx gks
pqdk gSA crk nsa fd Mh;w esa u‚u Vhfpax LV‚Q dh fjVk;jesaV ,t 60 lky gSA
[kcjsa jkT;ksa ls
jsyos esa vxys ekg ls efgykvksa
ds fy, vf[ky Hkkjrh; gsYiykbu
psUubZ A Vªsu esa lQj djus okyh efgyk,a
vc lqxe ,oa lqjf{kr ;k=k dh vk'kk dj
ldrh gSa D;ksafd jsyos us dgk fd og
efgykvksa ds fy, vxys eghus ,d
vf[ky Hkkjrh; gsYiykbu 'kq: djsxk
ftldh enn ls os eqlhcr ds le;
fudVre LVs'ku rd lwpuk igqapk
ldsaxhA jsy ea=h lqjs'k çHkq us ;gka dgk]
^vxys eghus ge efgykvksa dh lqj{kk ds
fy, vf[ky Hkkjrh; gsYiykbu 'kq: djus tk jgs gSa tks fudre
jsyos LVs'ku rd vyVZ Hkst ldsxkA* og psUubZ
lsaVªy&fo'kk[kkiêue ,Dlisl Vªsu dks gjh >aMh fn[kkus ds ckn
cksy jgs gSaA jsyos ,dh—r lqj{kk i.kzkyh dks ysdj vk jgk gS
vkSj iwjs ns'k esa 40 LFkkuksa ij igys 41 djksM+ #i, [kpZ fd,
tk pqds gSaA çHkq us dgk] ^efgykvksa ds fMCcksa esa lqj{kkdehZ eqgS;k
djk, x, gSa vkSj lkFk gh efgykvksa ds fMCcs esa vkjih,Q lqj{kk
eqgS;k djk jgk gSA* mUgksaus dgk fd nf{k.kh tksu esa jsyos
vk/kqfudhdj.k dh O;kid t:jr gSA blds lkFk gh jsy ea=h
us dgk fd Hkkjrh; jsy efgykvksa ds fMCcksa esa vf/kd efgyk
dkaLVscyksa dh rSukrh ij tksj ns jgh gSA
fodkl ij [kpZ esa
eka>h fudys vkxs
iVukA eka>h ljdkj fodkl jkf'k [kpZ
djus esa uhrh'k ljdkj ls vkxs c<+ x;h
gSA fnlEcj ekg rd tgka uhrh'k 'kklu
esa ljdkj vius ctV dk pkyhl ls
iSarkyhl çfr'kr gh [kpZ dj ikrh Fkh]
ogha eka>h ds 'kklu dky esa fnlEcj rd
ipiu çfr'kr rd jkf'k [kpZ dh tk
pqdh gSA 'ks"k jkf'k dks ysdj ekpZ ds
igys rd [kpZ dk çfr'kr c<+kus ij tksj yxk fn;k x;k gSA
blds fy, eq[;ea=h us 25 fnlEcj dks lHkh foHkkxksa ds ç/kku
lfpoksa dh cSBd cqyk;h gSA tkudkjh ds vuqlkj NCchl gtkj
djksM+ esa ls jkT; ljdkj dks dsUæh; jkf'k ds lk<+s pkSng gtkj
djksM+ #i;s dk fgLlk Hkh fey x;k gSA
bruk gh ugha] ekpZ ywV jksdus ds fy, dk Hkh [kklk bartke
fd;k x;k gSA tuojh ls ekpZ rd foHkkxksa dks ,d djksM+ dh
jkf'k ls T;knk [kpZ djus ij eukgh dj nh x;h gSA ,d djksM+
ls vf/kd jkf'k [kpZ djus ds fy, foÙk foHkkx dh lgefr ysuk
vko';d dj fn;k x;k gSA ljdkj us [kpZ ugha dj ikus okys
41 foHkkxksa esa ls 17 foHkkxksa ls djhc 154500- 51 yk[k #i;s
dh jkf'k ljsaMj ij djok;h gSA bl jkf'k dks mu foHkkxksa dks
fn;k x;k gS ftUgsa iSls dh t:jr FkhA ljsaMj djus okys foHkkxksa
esa —f"k foHkkx] Hkou fuekZ.k foHkkx] eaf=eaMy lfpoky;] lgdkfjrk] vkink çca/ku] f'k{kk foHkkx] foÙk foHkkx] [kk| ,oa vkiwfÙk
foHkkx] m|ksx foHkkx] lwpuk o tulEidZ foHkkx] Je foHkkx]
iapk;rh jkt] ih,pbZMh] ;kstuk o fodkl] foKku o çkoSf/kdh
foHkkx 'kkfey gSaA bu lcds ckotwn jkT; ds dbZ foHkkx ,sls
Hkh gSa ftUgksaus ,d iSlk Hkh [kpZ ugha fd;k gSA buesa [kuu
foHkkx] foKku o çkoSf/kdh foHkkx 'kkfey gSa tcfd eaf=eaMy
lfpoky;] okf.kT; dj]vkink çca/ku] [kk| o vkiwfÙk foHkkx]
;kstuk o fodkl foHkkx] jktLo o Hkwfe lq/kkj foHkkx vius ctV
dk chl çfr'kr Hkh jkf'k [kpZ ugha dj ik;s gSaA
lh,e us ckxs'oj esa j[kh
fodkl ;kstukvksa dh uhao
ckxs'oj A eq[;ea=h gjh'k jkor us
ckxs'oj esa lj;w o xkserh rV ij
yxus okys 14 tuojh ls çkjaHk
mÙkjk;.kh esys dk lekiu fd;kA
mUgksua s bl ekSds ij 178 djksM+ 10
yk[k 82 gtkj #i;s ykxr dh
fodkl ;kstukvksa dk yksdkiZ.k ,oa
f'kykU;kl fd;kA blesa 211-78 yk[k
#i;s dh ;kstukvksa dk yksdkiZ.k rFkk
175 djksM+ 99 yk[k 4 gtkj #i;s
ykxr dh ;kstukvksa dk f'kykU;kl 'kkfey gSA ckxukFk eafnj esa
n'kZu o fodkl çn'kZuh dk voyksdu djus ds i'pkr eq[;ea=h us
tulHkk dks lacksf/kr djrs gq, dgk fd ckxs'oj dh mÙkjk;.kh dk
fof'k"V LFkku gS ;g esyk ikSjkf.kd gksus ds lkFk O;kikfjd o jktuhfrd esys ds :i esa Hkh tkuk tkrk gSA mUgksua s Lora=rk laxzke lsukfu;ksa ds cfynku dks ;kn djrs gq, 1921 esa mÙkjk;.kh ij dqekÅa
dsljh iafMr cnjh nÙk ikaMs ds usr`Ro esa dqyh mrkj] dqyh csxkj o
cnkZ;'k tSlh vaxzt
s h 'kkludky dh dqçFkkvksa dks lekIr djus gsrq
pyk;s ¼'ks"k ist 15½ budk f'kykU;kl ds,eoh,u] yksfufo] iqfyl
foHkkx] ikoj dkjiksj's ku] flapkbZ foHkkx] f'k{kk] LokLF; o m|ksx
vkfn foHkkxksa dh 175 djksM+ 99 yk[k pkj gtkj #i;s ykxr dh
40 ;kstuk,a eatjw h vkSj ?kks"k.kk,a dhaA
FOCUS NEWS
fgUnw jk"Vª dks ysdj Hkkxor
us fd;k VSxksj dk mYys[k
lkxjA vkj,l,l çeq[k eksgu Hkkxor us ns'k
dks fgUnw jk"Vª cukus dh vihy djrs gq, dgk
fd ukscy iqjLdkj ls lEekfur
johUæukFk VSxksj us Hkh dgk Fkk fd
fgUnqRo 'fofo/krk dh ,drk" esa
fo'okl djrk gSA
Hkkxor us vkj,l,l ds fparu f'kfoj ds Lo;alsodksa ls dgk] nqfu;k
Hkys gh ;g dgrh gks fd ,d gksuk
gS] rks ,d ls fn[kks] ysfdu fgUnqRo
fofo/krk esa ,drk dk fgek;rh gSA
lfg".kqrk dk vFkZ lgu djuk
ugha] cfYd fofo/krk dks Lohdkjuk
gSA fofo/krk ns[kus es vyx&vyx gS] ysfdu
,d :i esa fgUnw fopkj ,oa fgUnqRo gSA
dfoxq: us viuh fdrkc Lons'kh lekt esa
vaxzstksa dh vkykspuk djrs gq, fy[kk Fkk fd
vkil esa yM+dj fgUnw&eqlfye [kRe ugha gkasxs
cfYd bl la?k"kZ ls os lkFk jgus dk jkLrk <wa<
ysaxs vkSj og jkLrk fgUnw jk"Vª gksxkA mUgkasus
dgk] tks ns'k lqjf{kr vkSj çfrf"Br ugha gksrk
gS] mlds yksxksa ds flj ij nqfu;k Hkj esa ladV
eaMjkrk jgrk gSA gekjk ns'k vPNk dSlk gksxk
bl flyflys esa le;&le; ij rjg&rjg ds
fopkj vfHkO;ä ,oa ç;ksx fd, tkrs jgs gSaA
mUgksaus dgk fd igys ns'k dks vktknh fnykus
vkSj vktknh ds ckn ns'k dks
fodkl fnykus ds fy,
fopkj/kkjk,a dke djrh jgha]
ysfdu tSlh dYiuk dh Fkh--ns'k dk oSlk fodkl ugha gqvkA
blk;y dk gokyk nsrs gq,
Hkkxor us dgk fd ;g NksVk
lk jsfxLrkuh vkSj eqëh Hkj
vkcknh okyk ns'k Hkkjr ds lkFk
gh vkfLrRo esa vk;kA bldh
vktknh ds lkFk gh vkB iM+kslh
ns'kksa us geyk dj fn;kA bl NksVs ls ns'k us
ikap yM+kb;ka yM+h] viuh tehu dk Ms<+ xquk
foLrkj fd;k vkSj flj mBk dj [kM+k gks
x;kA mUgksaus dgk] bruh eqf'dyksa ds ckotwn
ogh NksVk lk ns'k vkt uanuou esa rCnhy
gks x;k gSA nqfu;k Hkj lss yksx ;gka de ikuh
esa [ksrh vkSj ckxokuh ds xqj lh[kus tk jgs
gSa] ysfdu gekjs ikl gtkjksa fdyksehVj yach
tehu Fkh] djksMksa dh vkcknh Fkh] fnXxt
usrk Fks---fQj Hkh blk;y gels dbZ xquk vkxs
fudy x;kA
yksdiky o lhohlh dh
fu;qfä le; ls % ftrsaæ
ubZ fnYyh A tkucw> dh tk jgh nsjh ds vkjksi
dks [kkfjt djrs gq, dsaæh; ea=h ftrsaæ flag us
dgk fd yksdiky] lhohlh vkSj lhvkbZlh dh
fu;qfä;ka le; ds lkFk gks tk,axhA mUgksaus
dgk fd ljdkj lhchvkbZ dks etcwr cukus]
blds }kjk Lora= ,oa fuckZ/k
dk;Zi.kzkyh lqfuf'pr djus ds
fy, çfrc) gSA
ftrsaæ flag us ihVhvkbZ&Hkk"kk dks
fn, x, lk{kkRdkj esa crk;k]
ljdkj lhchvkbZ dh Lora= ,oa
fuckZ/k dk;Zi.kzkyh lqfuf'pr djus
ds fy, lhchvkbZ dks etcwr djus
dh fn'kk esa çfrc) gSA lhchvkbZ
,d Lora= laxBu gS vkSj og
vius fu;eksa ds rgr dke djrh
gSA lhohlh dh fu;qfä ij flag us dgk fd
tkucw>dj];k vU; fdlh rjhds dh nsjh ugha
gks jgh gSA çfØ ;k igys gh 'kq: gks pqdh gS
vkSj fu;qfä;ka le; ds lkFk tk,axhA dkfeZd
jkT;ea=h us dgk fd lhohlh esa dsaæh; lrdZrk
vk;qä vkSj lrdZrk vk;qäksa dh fu;qfä;ksa ds
ckjs esa mPpre U;k;ky; esa ,d ekeyk py
jgk gSA flag us dgk fd mPpre U;k;ky; esa
,d ;kfpdk nk;j dh xbZ Fkh] tks fd dkfeZd
,oa çf'k{k.k ea=ky; dh vksj ls ugha FkhA
,slk funs'Z k tkjh fd;k x;k Fkk fd ,d foKkiu
fudkyk tkuk pkfg, vkSj geus mldk xaHkhjrk
ds lkFk ikyu fd;kA gesa mlds fy, le; nsuk
iM+kA eq[; lwpuk vk;qä dh fu;qfä;ksa ds ckjs
esa Hkh ,slh gh ckr crkrs gq, flag us dgk] ;gka
rd fd ,slk Hkh funs'Z k feyk gS fd çfØ ;k
mPpre U;k;ky; dh tkudkjh esa gks blfy,
blds dkj.k Hkh laHkor: dqN nsjh gqbZ gSA
ysfdu çfØ ;k fuf'pr rkSj ij vkxs c<+ jgh gS
vkSj fu;qfä gksxhA lhohlh vkSj lhvkbZlh nksuksa
gh pkj ekg ls vf/kd le; ls
vius çeq[kksa ds fcuk gh dke dj
jgs gSAa dsæa h; lrdZrk vk;qä
çnhi dqekj vkSj lrdZrk vk;qä
ds dk;Zdky fiNys lky Ø e'k:
28 flrEcj vkSj lkr flrEcj dks
iwjs gks x, FksA lhohlh dh çeq[krk
,d dsæa h; lrdZrk vk;qä djrk
gS vkSj blds nks lrdZrk vk;qä
gksrs gSAa dsæa h; vkS|ksfxd lqj{kk
cy ds iwoZ egkfuns'kd jktho
ikjnf'kZrk lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, dke djus
okyh bl laLFkk ds varfje çeq[k ds :i esa dke
dj jgs gSAa çeq[k lwpuk vk;qä jktho ekFkqj us
22 vxLr 2014 dks viuk dk;Zdky iwjk dj
fy;k FkkA flag us dgk fd lalnh; lfefr ls
,d fjiksVZ feyus ds ckn tYnh gh yksdiky ds
v/;{k vkSj lnL;ksa dh fu;qfä dh tk,xhA ;g
lfefr Hkz"Vkpkjjks/kh dkuwu esa dbZ la'kks/kuksa dh
iM+rky dj jgh gSA flag us dgk] lÙkk esa vkus
ds ckn ljdkj us HkyhHkkafr fopkj fd;k fd yksdiky dkuwu ds çHkko] ikjnf'kZrk vkSj fuckZ/k
dk;Zi.kzkyh dks lqfuf'pr djus ds fy, dbZ
la'kks/ku yk, tk ldrs gSAa mUgksua s dgk] yksdrkaf=d fu;eksa dk i;kZIr lEeku djrs gq, bls
yksdlHkk esa yk;k x;kA
esjs f[kykQ QthZ [kcjsa fu;ksftr
djk jgh Hkktik % vktkn
tEew A dkaxzsl ds ofj"B usrk xqyke
uch vktkn us Hkktik ij vkjksi
yxk;k fd og esjs f[kykQ ehfM;k
ds ,d /kM+s esa QthZ [kcjsa fu;ksftr
djkdj tEew& d'ehj esa lkaçnkf;d
ln~Hkko fcxkM+us dk ç;kl dj jgh
gSA vktkn us dgk] ^eSa gSjku gwa fd
tEew& d'ehj esa dSls fujk/kkj vkSj
fcuk rF; okyh eq>ls tqM+h [kcjsa x<+h tk jgh
gSaA D;k ;g ehfM;k dh ftEesnkjh ugha gS fd
og fjiksVZ] esjs gokys ls [kcj nsrs le; eq>ls
fVIi.kh ekaxsa \ * og vius gokys ls Nih ml
[kcj ij c;ku ns jgs Fks ftlesa dgk x;k Fkk
fd og jkT; esa ^fganw eq[;ea=h* ds f[kykQ gSaA
vktkn us dgk] ^eSa tkuuk pkgrk gwa fd eSaus
,slk dc dgk fd fganw tEew&d'ehj
dk eq[;ea=h ugha cu ldrk gSA bl
ckr dk dqN fjd‚MZ gksuk pkfg,A*
jkT;lHkk esa usrk çfri{k us dgk fd
lafo/kku fdlh Hkh ukxfjd dks jkT;
dk eq[;ea=h cuus ls ugha jksdrkA
mUgksaus dgk fd vxj fdlh nwljs
/keZ dk O;fä bl in ij vklhu
gksrk gS rks ml ij vkifÙk djus dh ctk; mUgsa
[kq'kh gksxhA vktkn us dgk fd vxj Hkktik
ds ikl la[;k gS rks mls viuh ilan dk
eq[;ea=h cukus ls dkSu jksd jgk gSA mUgksaus
dgk] ^eSa Hkktik iwNuk pkgrk gwa fd og ml
c;ku ij çfrfØ ;k nsdj fdldks xqejkg dj
jgh gS tks dHkh ugha fn;k x;kA*
rhu vkSj :Vksa ij nkSM+saxh cqysV Vªsu\
eqacbZA vVy fcgkjh oktis;h ds Lof.kZe prqHkqZt jksM
usVodZ dh rtZ ij gh vc jsyos us cqysV Vªsu ds
tfj, ghjd prqHkqZt usVodZ cukus dh dok;n 'kq:
dj nh gSA blds rgr bafM;u jsyos us fQygky 3
vkSj :Vksa ij cqysV Vªsu dh QhftfcfyVh LVMh ds
fy, dalYVsaV daifu;ksa ds p;u dh çfØ;k Hkh 'kq:
dj nh gSA
bafM;u jsyos ds lw=ksa ds eqrkfcd cqysV Vªsu usVodZ
rS;kj djus ds bjkns ls cukbZ xbZ jsyos dh daiuh
gkbZLihM jsy d‚iksZjs'ku us rhu d‚fjMksj dh LVMh
ds fy, çkbosV daifu;ksa ls lykgdkj cuus ds
fy, vkosnu ekaxs gSaA ftu rhu :Vksa ds fy, vkosnu ekaxs x, gSa muesa eqacbZ ls ubZ fnYyh] eqacbZ ls
psUuS vkSj ubZ fnYyh ls dksydkrk ds :V 'kkfey
gSaA jsyos ds ,d vf/kdkjh ds eqrkfcd gkbZLihM
jsy d‚iksZjs'ku us 19 Qjojh rd dalYVsaV lsokvksa
ds fy, çLrko ekaxs gSa vkSj mEehn gS fd blds
ckn tYn gh dalYVsaV dks QhftfcfyVh LVMh ds
fy, pqu fy;k tk,xkA jsyos ds ,d vf/kdkjh ds
eqrkfcd jsyos dh ;kstuk gS fd ns'k ds pkjksa
egkuxjksa dks jsy usVodZ ls tksM+k tk,A blds
fy, fiNys lky ctV esa gkbZLihM jsy usVodZ ds
fy, 100 djksM+ #i;s dk çko/kku Hkh fd;k x;k
FkkA bl vf/kdkjh ds eqrkfcd dalYVsaV ds p;u
ds ckn LVMh dk dke 'kq: fd;k tk,xkA ;s rhuksa
d‚fjMksj mu d‚fjMksj ls vyx gSa] ftu ij igys
gh LVMh dh tk jgh gSA bl vf/kdkjh
dk dguk gS fd bl ;kstuk ds rgr
,d vkSj :V ds fy, tYn gh
QhftfcfyVh LVMh ds fy, blh rjg
dalyVsaV fu;qä djus dk dke 'kq:
fd;k tk,xkA blesa laHkkfor :V
psUuS&dksydkrk dk gksxkA
eqacbZ&vgenkckn :V ij dke tkjh %
jsyos eqca bZ&vgenkckn :V dh MhVsy
ç‚tsDV fjiksVZ ij dke djok jgh gS vkSj
gky gh esa mlus ubZ fnYyh&psUuS :V ij
gkbZLihM ;kuh cqyVs Vªus pykus ds fy,
LVMh dk dke phu dks lkSia k gSA eksVs rkSj
ij ekuk x;k gS fd eqca bZ&vgenkckn
d‚fjMksj ds fy, gh jsyos dks 60 gtkj
djksM+ #i;s ls T;knk dh t:jr gksxhA
jsyos vf/kdkfj;ksa ds eqrkfcd [kqn ujsæa
eksnh dh lksp gS fd ns'k ds çeq[k uxj vkSj
fodkl dsæa ksa dks rst j¶rkj Vªus ksa ls tksMk+
tk,A blh lksp ds vk/kkj ij gh ghjd
prqHkqt
Z usVodZ dh dYiuk dh xbZ gSA
gkykafd ;g ekuk tk jgk gS fd pkjksa
egkuxjksa dks gkbZLihM jsy usVodZ ls tksMu+ s
ij Hkkjh Hkjde jde dh t:jr gksxhA
rhu :V gksaxs % eqacbZ ls ubZ fnYyh eqacbZ
ls psUuS ubZ fnYyh ls dksydkrkA
yksdy Vªsuksa esa ofj"B
ukxfjdksa ds fy, lhVsa
vkjf{kr j[kus dk vkns'k
eqacbZA c‚Ecs gkbZ dksVZ us ofj"B ukxfjdksa ds fy, yksdy Vªsuksa
esa lhVsa vkjf{kr j[kus dk vkns'k fn;k gSA yksdy Vªsuksa esa HkhM+
T;knk gksus ds dkj.k mUgsa dbZ ?kaVs Vªsuksa esa [kM+s gksdj lQj
djuk iM+rk gSA dksVZ us ofj"B ukxfjdksa ds fy, gj yksdy
Vªsu esa 14 lhVsa fjtoZ j[kus dk vkns'k fn;k gS] ftl ij 15
vçSy ls vey djuk gksxkA dksVZ us jsyos vf/kdkfj;ksa ls ;g
Hkh dgk gS fd os ;g lqfuf'pr djsa fd fjtoZ dh gqbZ lhVsa
dsoy ofj"B ukxfjdksa ds fy, gh mi;ksx gksaA xkSjryc gS fd
yksdy Vªsuksa esa efgykvksa ds fy, vyx fMCcs gksrs gSa vkSj viax
;kf=;ksa ds fy, Hkh vyx fMCck gksrk gS ysfdu ofj"B ukxfjd
ds fy, nksigj esa dqN lhVsa fjtoZ gksrh gSaA tcfd T;knk
ijs'kkuh ihd Vkbe esa gksrh gSaA gkykafd dbZ Hkys iSlsatj vius
ikl fdlh lhfu;j flVhtu ds [kM+s gksus ij viuh lhV ns
nsrs gSa ysfdu ;g gj ckj laHko ugha gksrk gSA U;k;k/kh'k vHk;
vksd us dgk fd f}rh; Js.kh fMCcs esa muds fy, dqN lhVsa
fjtoZ gksrh gSa ysfdu ;g ns[kk x;k gS fd mudk mi;ksx os
ugha dj ikrsA mUgksaus ;g Hkh dgk fd lhVksa ij lkQ&lkQ
fy[kk gksuk pkfg, fd os lhfu;j flVhtu ds fy, gSaA dksVZ
dks ;g fu.kZ; Lora=rk lSukuh vkSj lhfu;j flVhtu ,- chBDdj dh ;kfpdk ij nsuk iM+k gSA
FOCUS NEWS
jk›U]hu/[ifjjk›U]hu/euksjatu
phu ls lSU; eqdkcys dks
rS;kj jgs Hkkjr % cD'kh
y[kuÅ A jktuSfrd bPNk'kfä ls gh ns'k dh
lSU; 'kfä nq'euksa ls eqdkcyk djus ds fy, iwjh
rjg rS;kj gks ldrh gSA phu vkSj ikfdLrku ls
Hkkjr dh lhekvksa dks [krjk yxkrkj cuk gqvk gSA
lsuk dks vR;k/kqfud gfFk;kjksa vkSj lqfo/kkvksa ls
ySl djds gh bl [krjs ls
çHkkoh rkSj ij fuiVk tk ldrk
gSA ;s ckrsa Hkkjr ds le{k phu
dh pqukSrh fo"k; ij vk;ksftr
,d ifjpZpk esa çeq[k j{kk
fo'ks"kKksa us dghaA mRFkku
,stqds'ku VªLV o lhvkbZvkbZ ds
la;qä rRoko/kku esa vk;ksftr
ifjpZpk esa estj tujy xxunhi
cD'kh] estj tujy jfo vjksM+k]
estj tujy nhid dqekj esgrk] ,;j ek'kZy Hkjr
dqekj] okbl ,Mfejy çnhi dkSf'kok vkSj çeq[k
j{kk fo'ks"kK ek#Q jtk 'kkfey gq,A
ifjpZpk esa eq[; vfrfFk ds rkSj ij vky bafM;k
,UVh VsjfjLV ÝUV ds v/;{k ljnkj
efuUnjthr flag fcêk ekStwn FksA ifjpZpk esa us
lhek ij phu }kjk yxkrkj fd, tk jgs
mYya?kuksa ij fpUrk O;ä dh xbZA estj tujy
jfo vjksM+k us phu }kjk frCcr esa fd, tk jgs
vk/kkjHkwr lajpuk ds fodkl dks Hkkjr ds fy,
xaHkhj pqukSrh crk;k vkSj dgk fd Hkkjr vHkh
rd vius lhekorhZ {ks=ksa esa gkbZos vkSj jsyos dk
fodkl ugha dj ik;k gSA estj tujy
xxunhi cD'kh us dgk fd phu Hkkjr ds fy,
,d cM+k [krjk gSA ;fn Hkkjrh; lsuk dks
eqdkcys esa vkuk gS] rks j{kk [kjhn dks csgrj
djus dh t:jr gSA mUgksaus dgk fd jktuSfrd
bPNk'kfä ls gh lSU; 'kfä esa btkQk gks
ldrk gSA gesa bl ckr ls Hkh lrdZ jgus dh
t:jr gS fd phu ds leFkZu ls ikfdLrku
Hkkjr ds yík[k {ks= dks fu'kkuk cuk ldrk gSA
bl ckr ij mUgksaus gSjkuh trkbZ fd fiNys nks
n'kdksa ls Hkh vf/kd le; ls Hkkjrh; lsuk ds
fy, dksbZ ubZ [kjhn ugha gqbZ gSA j{kk fo'ks"kK
ek#Q jtk us dgk jktuSfrd
usr`Ro dks j.kuSfrd le>
fodflr djus dh t:jr gSA
phu ds lkeus jktuf;d etcwrh
dks Hkh tkfgj djus esa ihNs ugha
jguk pkfg,A mUgksaus dgk fd
phu Hkkjr ds f[kykQ ,d
j.kuhfr ds :i esa ikfdLrku dks
leFkZu ns jgk gSA Hkkjr dks blls
Hkh lko/kku jgus dh t:jr gS A
ifjpZpk ds mijkUr vky bafM;k ,UVh VsjfjLV
ÝUV ds v/;{k ljnkj efuUnjthr flag fcêk]
mRFkku ,stqds'ku VªLV ds eq[; VªLVh jkeiqjh o
lqHkæk iqjh us 21 'kghn ifjokjksa ds lnL;ksa dks
çrhd fpUg] vaxoL= vkSj 21 gtkj #i;s dk psd
nsdj lEekfur fd;kA fcêk us 'kghnksa ds ;ksxnku
dks vrqyuh; crkrs gq, dgk fd gesa ;g ugha Hkwyuk
pkfg, fd vxj ge lqjf{kr gSa] rks viuh lsuk vkSj
mlds tokuksa dh cnkSyrA fcêk us dgk fd Hkkjrh;
lsukvksa dks ikfdLrku dh gj dkjZokbZ dk eqagrksM+
tokc nsuk pkfg, vkSj vkradokn ls fuiVus ds fy,
gj eqefdu dksf'k'k djuh pkfg,A mUgksaus dgk fd
Hkkjr dks vesfjdh jk"Vªifr ls ikfdLrku lefFkZr
vkradokn ls fuiVus esa lSU; dkjZokbZ ds fy,
lg;ksx ekaxuk pkfg,A bl ekSds ij lhvkbZvkbZ ds
ps;jilZu xkSjo çdk'k] lhvkbZvkbZ ;wih LVsV
dkmafly ds v/;{k lfpu vxzoky] dkaxzsl dh
ofj"B usrk vkSj fo/kk;d Mk- jhrk cgqxq.kk
tks'kh lesr reke x.;ekU; yksx ekStwn FksA
Hkkjr ds okafNrksa dh vc [kSj ugha
okf'kaxVu A jk"Vªifr cjkd vksckek dh Hkkjr
;k=k ls igys vesfjdk vkradokn ds f[kykQ
vfHk;ku esa ç/kkuea=h ujsaæ eksnh ls dh xbZ
viuh çfrc)rk iwjk djus esa eqLrSnh ls tqVk
gqvk gSA blesa ekfQ;k ljxuk nkÅn bczkghe
dks fu'kkus ij ysuk rFkk y'dj&,&r¸;ck]
tS'k&,&eksgEen] vydk;nk vkSj gDdkuh
usVodZ dks /oLr djuk 'kkfey gSaA bl lIrkg
vesfjdh foÙk foHkkx us Hkkjr ds lokZf/kd
okafNr ekfQ;k ljxuk nkÅn ds nks çeq[k
lg;ksfx;ksa ds f[kykQ çfrca/k yxk;k gSA
nkÅn djkph ls viuk Mh daiuh vkijkf/kd
usVodZ pykrk gSA
nkÅn ds HkkbZ vuhl bczkfge dh daiuh
^esgjku isij fey* dks fu'kkus ij ysuk vesfjdk ls bl ckr dk Li"V ladsr gS fd Mh
daiuh dh ikfdLrku esa fdruh xgjh tM+sa gSaA
vuhl vkSj vtht ewlk fcykf[k;k dks Mh
daiuh ds lkFk muds laca/kksa dks ysdj fdaxfiu ,DV ds rgr eknd inkFkZ rLdj crk;k
x;k gSA eksnh vkSj vksckek us 30 flrEcj dks
OgkbV gkÅl esa HksaV ds ckn vkardokn ds
fo#) la;qä ,oa Bksl ç;klksa dh vko';drk
ij cy fn;k Fkk ftuesa vkrad ,oa vkijkf/kd
usVodZ ds iukgxkg dks /oLr djuk rFkk
vydk;nk] y'dj , r¸;ck] tS'k , eksgEen]
Mh daiuh ,oa gDdkuh usVodZ ds lHkh foÙkh;
,oa rduhdh leFkZu dks [kRe djuk 'kkfey
gSaA nksuksa us ikfdLrku ls o"kZ 2008 ds eqEcbZ
geys ds dfFkr xqukgxkjksa dks balkQ dh
dB?kjs esa ykus dk viuk vkºoku nksgjk;k
FkkA gDdkuh usVodZ vkSj tekr mn nkok
lesr vkradoknh laxBuksa ij çfrca/k yxkus
ds ikfdLrku ds dfFkr dne dks Hkh vksckek
ç'kklu }kjk bl laca/k esa bLykekckn dks
dkjZokbZ djus ds fy, ck/; djus dh dksf'k'k
ds rgr ns[kk tk jgk gSA
ikfdLrku us ;s dne vesfjdh fons'k ea=h t‚u
dSjh dh bLykekckn ;k=k ds 'kh?k ckn mBk,
gSaA vesfjdk us bls Lokxr;ksX; dne crk;k
gSA ç/kkuea=h uokt 'kjhQ lesr ikfdLrkuh
usr`Ro ds lkFk viuh HksaV ds nkSjku dSjh us eqacbZ
geys ds dfFkr xqukgxkjksa dks balkQ ds dB?kjs
esa ykus dh vko';drk ij cy fn;kA tc
y'dj usrk tdhmj jgeku y[koh dks
ikfdLrkuh vnkyr ls tekur feyh rc Hkh
vesfjdk us viuh uk[kq'kh 'kh?k gh tkfgj dj
nhA y[koh us eqEcbZ geys esa dfFkr :i ls
vge Hkwfedk fuHkkbZ FkhA bl geys esa 166 yksxksa
dh tku pyh x;h Fkh ftuesa Ng vesfjdh FksA
le>k tkrk gS fd insZ ds ihNs ls dke djrs
gq, vesfjdk us ikfdLrku ls ;g lqfuf'pr
djus dks dgk gS fd y[koh lyk[kksa ds ihNs
gh jgsA ekuk tk jgk gS fd fiNys dqN eghuksa
esa vesfjdk us ikfdLrku dks nkÅn ds f[kykQ
dkjZokbZ ds fy, jkth fd;kA vesfjdh
vf/kdkfj;ksa dk –<+ fokl gS fd nkmn djkph
esa lqjf{kr LFkku ij jg jgk gSA vesfjdh
vf/kdkjh bl ckr dks ekuus dks rS;kj ugha gq,
fd nkÅn ikfdLrku esa ugha gSA
vkt ghjks çksMîwlj dks pijklh
ekurs gSa &ds lh cksdkfM+;k
ds lh cksdkfM+;k ,sls çksM;wlj Mk;jsDVj gSa ftUgksaus feFkqu pØorhZ ls ysdj
vferkHk cPpu rd lHkh NksVs&cM+s LVklZ ds lkFk dke fd;kA chp esa cnyrs
nkSj dks mUgksaus dqN le; tkapk&ij[kk vkSj mlds ckn djaV b'kw dks ysdj
fQYe ^MVhZ i‚yhfVDl* 'kq: dh A fQYe fjyht ds fy;s rS;kj gSA
yksxksa dks yxrk gS fd le; ds lkFk cksdkfM+;k
Hkh xk;c gks x;k ysfdu eSa mu yksxksa dks crk
nwa fd eSa [kkyh dHkh ugha jgkA chp esa eSaus luh
ns;ksy vkSj xksfoank dh #dh gqbZ fQYesa fjyht
dhA esjs lkFk ds fdrus gh çksM;wlj Mk;jsDVj
fiNys rhl lkyksa ds nkSjku xk;c gks x;s
ysfdu eSa vkt Hkh [kM+k gwaA tc eSaus ;g fQYe
'kq: dh Fkh rc fQYe esa eqf'dy ls nks&pkj
gh fdjnkj Fks ysfdu ckn esa eSa ,d&,d djds
dykdkjksa dks tksM+rk x;k vkSj
dkjoka curk x;kA ,d vkSj ckr
fd ipkl çfr'kr fQYe daIyhV
gksus ds ckn eSaus efYydk
lgjkor dks fy;k] vkse iqjh]
vuqie [ksj] xksfoan ukenso rFkk
ulh:íhu 'kkg vkfn dykdkjksa
dh ,aVªh Hkh vk/kh fQYe ds ckn
gh gqbZA igys eSa fQYe esa vferkHk
cPpu dks Hkh ysuk pkgrk Fkk]
ysfdu muds ikl MsV~l ugha Fkh
blfy;s fQj mudh txg ml
jksy ds fy;s vuqie [ksj dks
fy;kA lHkh dk dguk gS fd fQYe jktLFkku
ds Hkaojh nsoh dkaM ij vk/kkfjr gS ysfdu eSa
,slk ugha ekurkA
esjh ukf;dk vuks[kh nsoh] Hkaojh nsoh tSlh gks
ldrh gS ysfdu og Hkaojh nsoh gS ughaA tgka
rd fQYe ds lkFk fdlh daVªksolhZ dh ckr dh
tk;s rks eq>s ugha yxrk fd ,slk dqN gksus ds
pkal gS D;ksafd eSaus viuh fQYe ds fdjnkjksa ds
vykok ckgjh dSjsDVlZ dks Hkh laHkkyk gSA eSaus
vuks[kh nsoh ds vykok Hkaojh nsoh dks Hkh vPNk
gh dgk gSA vxj fQYe dh dgkuh dh ckr dh
tk;s rks ;g ,d ,slh xjhc yM+dh vuks[kh nsoh
dh dgkuh gS tks vkleku dks Nwus dh [okfg'k
j[krh gSA rjhdk dksbZ Hkh gks] og vius vkidks
lcls Åij cSBs ns[kuk pkgrh gSA ckn esa og
çns'k ds eq[;ea=h ds laidZ esa vkrh gS vkSj fQj
fdl rjg ls og eq[;ea=h lesr fdrus gh
usrkvksa dks eqëh esa dj ;'k vkSj /ku dekus dk
ç;kl djrh gS] ysfdu D;k og vius edln
esa dke;kc gks ikrh gS\
;gka vkfVZLVksa dk bZxks ges'kk dke
ds vkM+s vkrk gS tcfd esjh fQYe
esa ulhj] vkseiq jh] efYydk]
vk'kqrks"k jk.kk rFkk vuqie [ksj
tSls cM+s vkfVZLV gSa ysfdu eq>s
iwjh fQYe esa fdlh us Hkh dSlh Hkh
rdyhQ ugha nh cfYd lHkh us
,d ifjokj dh rjg dke fd;kA
bl fQYe dh [kkfl;r gS fd
blesa dksbZ ghjks&ghjksbu ugha gSaA
vxj ;g fQYe pyrh gS rks u;s
t‚uj ds tfj;s ,d u;k jkLrk
[kqysxkA ghjks yksxksa dh eksuksi‚yh VwVsxh D;ksafd
vktdy ds ghjks çksM;wlj dks viuk pijklh
le>rs gSaA cs'kd dqN fQYesa fonkmV ghjks cuh
gksaxh ysfdu esjk ,ojst vPNk jgk gSA vxj
eSaus vHkh rd ipkl fQYesa cukbZ gSa rks pkyhl
fgV jgh gSaA bl fQYe esa lHkh O;Lr dykdkj
gSa blfy;s tc Hkh fdlh us eq>s viuh pkj fnu
dh Hkh MsV~l nh rks eSa mls ysdj QkSju
vkmVMksj py fn;kA ,d fnu Hkh eqacbZ esa
'kwfVax ugha dhA
NEW DELHI TUESDAY 20-26 JANUARY-2015
15&20 fnuksa esa Ng&lkr
u, jkT;iky
ubZ fnYyh A ljdkj vxys 15&20
fnuksa esa de ls de Ng jkT;ksa esa
u, jkT;iky fu;qä djus dh
;kstuk cuk jgh gSA bu jkT;ksa esa
fcgkj] iatkc vkSj vle 'kkfey gks
ldrs gSaA x`gea=h jktukFk flag us
ehfM;k dks crk;k] ^ge vxys
15&20 fnuksa esa Ng&lkr u,
jkT;iky fu;qä djus dh ;kstuk
cuk jgs gSaA* fcgkj] vle] ef.kiqj] es?kky; vkSj f=iqjk esa
jkT;ikyksa ds in [kkyh gSaA tcfd iatkc ds jkT;iky f'kojkt ikfVy 21 tuojh dks lsokfuo`Ùk gks tk,axsA fgekpy
çns'k dh jkT;iky mfeZyk flag dk ikap lky dk dk;Zdky
24 tuojh dks iwjk gks tk,xkA if'pe caxky ds jkT;iky
ds'kjhukFk f=ikBh fcgkj vkSj es?kky; dk vfrfjä çHkkj
laHkky jgs gSa tcfd ukxkySaM ds jkT;iky ihch vkpk;Z us
vle vkSj f=iqjk dk vfrfjä çHkkj laHkkyk gqvk gSA blds
vykok mÙkjk[kaM ds jkT;iky dsds i‚y ds ikl ef.kiqj dk
vfrfjä çHkkj gSA rfeyukMq ds jkT;iky ds jkslS;k vkSj
vksfM'kk esa muds led{k ,llh tehj nksuksa gh vxys dqN
ekg esa lsokfuo`Ùk gksus okys gSaA ;s mu dqN jkT;ikyksa esa ls
gSa] ftUgsa fiNyh laçx ljdkj us fu;qä fd;k Fkk vkSj tks
jktx dh ljdkj cuus ds ckn Hkh vius bu inksa ij cus
gq, gSaA dsaæh; x`g lfpo dh vksj ls jkT;ikyksa dks in NksM+us
ds ladsr fn, tkus ij vkifÙk trkrs gq, vtht dqjS'kh us
lqçhe dksVZ dk #[k fd;k FkkA mUgsa bl ekg dh 'kq#vkr esa
mÙkjk[kaM ls fetksje jktHkou Hkst fn;k x;kA ,d fookn
ml le; iSnk gks x;k Fkk] tc ujsaæ eksnh ljdkj ds lÙkk
esa vkus ds dqN gh lIrkg ckn dsaæh; x`glfpo vfuy
xksLokeh us dbZ jkT;ikyksa dks ;g lans'k fn;k Fkk fd ubZ
ljdkj pkgrh gS fd os yksx viuk in NksM+ nsaA
,vj bafM;k ds egkjktk dk gqvk esdvksoj
ubZ fnYyA ,vj bafM;k dh igpku ekus tkus
okyk eSLdV egkjktk cny x;k gSA vc rd
iSlsatlZ dks ixM+h igus gkFk tksM+us okys iqjkus
egkjktk dk esdvksoj fd;k x;k gSA egkjktk
dk u;k vorkj ;qok
gSA tks ixM+h ugha
igurk] Likbdh cky
j[krk gS vkSj thal
vkSj LuhdlZ igurk
gSA gkykafd bldh
igpku cM+h ewaNksa dks
j[kk cjdjkj j[kk
x;k gS ysfdu bl ckj
mldh lkbt NksVh
dj nh xbZ gSA
,fo,'ku ea=ky; ds
çeq[kksa ds lkFk 21 twu
2014 dks viuh igyh cSBd esa ih,e eksnh us
dgk Fkk fd ,vj bafM;k ds eSLdV egkjktk dh
txg vke vkneh dk ç;ksx djuk pkfg,A bl
ckr ls eksnh us ,fo,'ku ea=ky; dks ;g lans'k
fn;k fd mUgsa viuh mM+kuksa dks flQZ vehj
yksxksa rd gh lhfer u j[kdj vke yksxksa ds
chp Hkh ys tkus ds fy, uhfr;ka cukuh pkfg,A
pwafd egkjktk ,vj bafM;k dh igpku cu pqdk
gS vkSj mls gVkuk laHko ugha Fkk rks daiuh us
bldh best esa cnyko djus dk fu.kZ; fd;k
ftlls og cnyrs le; ds T;knk vuqdwy
yxsA ,vj bafM;k ds esdvksoj esa 'kkfey ,d
lhfu;j vf/kdkjh us dgk] 'u;k egkjkt e‚MZu
Vkbe vkSj ubZ ,vj bafM;k dk çrhd gS] tksfd
equkQk dekus okyh daiuh cuus dh dksf'k'kksa esa
vksckek dh Hkkjr ;k=k vge volj % vesfjdk
okf'kaxVu A vesfjdk ds ,d ofj"B jktuf;d us
dgk gS fd vesfjdh jk"Vªifr cjkd vksckek dh
bl eghus gksus tk jgh Hkkjr ;k=k fo'o ds nks
lcls cM+s yksdrkaf=d ns'kksa ds fy, f}i{kh;
j.kuhfrd laca/kksa dh ^okLrfod {kerk* dk nksgu
djus dk ^mYys[kuh; :i ls egRoiw.kZ volj* gSA
nf{k.k ,oa e/; ,f'k;k ekeyksa dh fons'k miea=h
fu'kk nslkbZ fcLoky us dgk fd Hkkjr esa çHkkoh
tukns'k ds lkFk ujsaæ eksnh ds ç/kkuea=h cuus ds
ckn HkkjRk & vEksfjdk j.kuhfrd ,oa vkfFkZd laca/k
dh ml ^okLrfod {kerk* vc lkdkj gksus tk jgh
gS ftlds ysdj nksuksa ns'kksa ds usrk fiNys nks
n'kd ls ç;kl djrs vk jgs gSaA vksckek dh Hkkjr
;k=k ls igys fu'kk us ,d lk{kkRdkj esa dgk] ges
;g fn[kuk 'kq: gks x;k gS fd gekjs laidjsa dh
xq.koÙkk esa j.kuhfrd egRo okLro esa çdV gq,
gSaA ge O;kid rkSj ij ftl rjg dk laokn dj
jgs gSa og flQZ f}i{kh; ugha] cfYd {ks=h; ,oa
fu;ar.kz eqíksa ij Hkh dsafær gSA ;g ges'kk jgk gS
vkSj blh ds fy, nksuksa ns'kksa us vdka{kk trkbZ]
5
ysfdu esjk ekuuk gS fd ge bls okLrfod ,oa
Li"V :i ls bls gkfly dj jgs gSaA mUgksaus dgk]
vc rd tks eSaus ns[kk gS mlesa laokn dh xfr
vkSj Lrj cgqr xgu gS rFkk lcls mPp Lrj ij
gSA ç/kkuea=h eksnh ds fuear.kzij vesfjdh jk"Vªifr
cjkd vksckek 26 tuojh dks x.kra= fnol ijsM
esa crkSj eq[; vfrfFk 'kkfey gksus ds fy, Hkkjr
igqap jgs gSaA jk"Vªifr ds rkSj ij vksckek dk ;g
nwljk Hkkjr nkSjk gksxkA in ij jgrs gq, Hkkjr
dh nks ckj ;k=k djus okys og igys vesfjdh
jk"Vªifr gksaxsA fu'kk nslkbZ fc'oky gky gh esa
vesfjdh fons'k ea=h t‚u dsjh ds lkFk Hkkjr
igqaph FkhaA fiNys lky 30 flrEcj dks OgkbV
gkml esa jk"Vªifr vksckek vkSj ç/kkuea=h eksnh ds
chp eqykdkr ds ckn nksuksa ns'kksa ds chp
vçR;kf'kr Lrj ij laidZ ns[kus dks feyk gSA
fiNys rhu eghus ds nkSjku Hkkjr vkSj vesfjdk esa
mPp Lrj dh de ls de rhu ntZu cSBdsa gks
pqdh gSaA dqN cSBdsa fiNys fnuksa gqbZ gSa vkSj dqN
vxys lIrkg Hkh gksus tk jgh gSaA
tqVh gSA
u;k egkjkt fn[kus esa T;knk iryk vkSj ;qok
gS ftldk yqd T;knk LiksVhZ vkSj MkbuSfed gSA
blus gekjs ,sM dSaisu esa tcnZLr okilh dh gSA
ge
viuh
dqN
¶ykbV~l esa u, egkjktk ds 27 vyx&vyx
rjg dh rLohjksa dk
ç;ksx dj jgs gSaA' vius
dbZ u, vorkjksa ds chp
,d vorkj esa egkjktk
Hkkjrh; fØdsV Vhe ds
lcls fQV lnL;ksa esa ls
,d ds :i esa Hkh utj
vk,xk] tks vius
LVªksdIys ls yksxksa dks
çHkkfor djsxkA
;g u;k yqd ml le; vk;k gS tc ,vj
bafM;k LVkj vykbal ds lkFk tqM+k gS vkSj
flaxkiqj ,;jykbal vkSj yqRQkalk tSlh ,uftZd
ilZuSfyVht okyh ,;jykbal ds lkFk lk>snkjh
dj jgh gSA bl yqd ds lkFk ,vj bafM;k us
;g lans'k Hkh fn;k gS fd og vius iqjkuh best
dks NksM+dj le; ds lkFk pyus ij tksj ns jgk
gSAgkykafd egkjktk dks dHkh Hkh 'kkgh ugha ekuk
x;kA tsvkjMh VkVk ds gSaMfiDM de'kZy ds
Mk;jsDVj ,ld, c‚ch dwdk vkSj ts o‚YVj
Fk‚elu ds ,d vkfVZLV mes'k jko us 1946 esa
egkjktk dh jpuk dh FkhA ,vj bafM;k dh
osclkbV ds eqrkfcd] ge mUgsa egkjktk ,d
csgrj O;k[;k ds fy, cqykrs gSaA og Hkys gh
'kkgh yxrs gSa ysfdu og 'kkgh ugha gSaA
vc lhvkjih,Q eq[;ky;ksa ls gh
cM+s uDly jks/kh vfHk;ku dh eatwjh
ubZ fnYyh A ns'k ds uDly çHkkfor jkT;ksa esa lHkh cM+s uDly
vfHk;kuksa dh Loh—fr vc lhvkjih,Q ds eq[;ky;ksa ls feysxhA
ns'k esa uDly fojks/kh vfHk;kuksa ds çeq[k cy ds u, eqf[k;k us
dgk fd ,sls vfHk;kuksa ds fy, cM+s iSekus ij lqj{kk cyksa dh
rSukrh dh t:jr iM+rh gSA lhvkjih,Q egkfuns'kd çdk'k
feJ us gky esa NÙkhlx<+] >kj[kaM vkSj vksfM'kk tSls] uDly
lokZf/kd çHkkfor jkT;ksa dk nkSjk djus ds ckn uDly {ks= esa
ns'k ds çeq[k lqj{kk cy }kjk pyk, tk jgs egRoiw.kZ lqj{kk
vfHk;kuksa dh fuxjkuh djus dk QSlyk fd;kA ekuk tk jgk gS
fd lhvkjih,Q çeq[k us ,d fnlEcj dks NÙkhlx<+ ds lqdek
esa gqbZ uDlyh eqBHksM+ dh i`"BHkwfe esa ;g QSlyk fd;k gSA
eqBHksM+ esa 14 lqj{kkdfeZ;ksa dh e`R;q gks xbZ FkhA lqdek esa
uDlfy;ksa ij yxke yxkus ds fy, djhc 2]000 ls vf/kd lqj{kk
cyksa dh la;qä VqdM+h bykdksa esa utj j[krh gSA yxHkx ,d
eghuk igys ns'k ds lcls cM+s v/kZlSfud cy ds çeq[k dk
inHkkj xzg.k djus okys feJ us dgk] cM+s vfHk;kuksa dh Loh—
fr vc ;gka eq[;ky;ksa ls feysxhA vfHk;ku esa fgLlk ysus okyh
viuh Vhe lesr eSa Hkh ;kstuk cukus vkSj mldks vey esa ykus
ds pj.k rd 'kkfey jgwaxkA
g‚jj] lLisal vkSj yo Vªk,axy ij gS ^vyksu*
yxrk gS fcik'kk clq g‚jj lLisal fQYeksa
ds <kaps esa iwjh rjg <y pqdh gSaA lqij
fgV fQYe ^jkt* ds ckn ls og g‚jj ;k
lLisal fQYesa cukus okys fuekZrkvksa dh
igyh ilan cuh gqbZ gSaA gkfy;k fQYe
^Øhpj* ds ckn mudh fjyht gks jgh
fQYe dk uke gS ^vyksu*A g‚jj
fQYeksa ds ukephu funsZ'kd Hkw"k.k
iVsy dh bl fQYe ds ckjs esa
D;k dguk gS fcik'kk clq dk]
tkurs gSa
vkidks ugha yxrk fd vc vkidks ^g‚jj
Dohu* dguk T;knk mfpr gksxk\
vki eq>s dqN Hkh uke nhft,A eq>s ,srjkt ughaA
esjk rks flQZ ;gh dguk gS fd esjh gj fQYe
pyuh pkfg;sA
^Øhpj* tSlh Mjkouh fQYe dk vuqHko dSlk
jgk\
igys rks eSa ;g crk nwa fd ^Øhpj* Mjkouh ugha
cfYd jksekapd fQYe FkhA fons'kksa esa ,slh fQYesa
dkQh ilan dh tkrh jgh gSaA foØe Hkê us
Hkkjr esa igyh ckj ,slh fQYe cukbZ Fkh ftlds
Lis'ky bQsDV rFkk vU; rduhdh i{k ds fy;s
fons'kh rduhf'k;uksa dh enn ugha yh FkhA
^vyksu* esa u;k D;k gS\ ^vyksu*
,d ,slh tqM+oka cguksa dh dgkuh gS tks cpiu
ls ,d nwljs ls tqM+h gqbZ gSaA ysfdu v‚ijs'ku
fd ckn muesa ls ,d ej tkrh gS vkSj ckn esa
og Hkwr cu tkrh gSA Hkwr cuus ds ckn og Hkh
dchj dks pkgus yxrh gS ftls mldh cgu
pkgrh gSA csfldyh g‚jj lLisal ds vykok ;g
,d Vªk;axy yo LVksjh gSA
;g fdlh fons'kh fQYe dk jhesd gS \
th gkaA ;g blh uke dh ,d FkkbZ fQYe dk
jhesd gS ftlds ckdk;nk igys vf/kdkj [kjhns
x;sA FkkbZ fQYe ^vyksu* deky dh fQYe FkhA
ysfdu geus fQYe dk iwjh rjg ls Hkkjrh;
dj.k djus ds ckn 'kw V fd;kA bl fQYe esa
vkidk Mcy jksy gS\ ^/kwe* ds ckn nwljh ckj
eSaus fdlh fQYe esa Mcy jksy fd;k gS] ysfdu
;g esjs fy;s dkQh jksekapd jgkA vki ;dhu
djsa eSa fQYe esa Hkwr cuh viuh Mcy dks
ns[kus ds ckn jksus yxh FkhA
ysfdu lkmFk bafM;u fQYe ^pk#yrk*
ls Hkh fQYe dk fo"k; dkQh feyrk
tqyrk gS\
gks ldrk gS ,slk gks ysfdu bl fQYe
dk mlls dksbZ ysuk nsuk ughaA
bl fQYe ls Vhoh LVkj dj.k flag
xzksoj us MsC;w fd;k gS\
fQYe ds çksMîwlj dqekj eaxr us tc eq>s
bl fQYe ds ckjs esa crk;k rks esjk loky
Fkk fd ghjks dkSu gS\ mudk dguk Fkk fd
dksbZ cM+k ghjks gh ysaxs vkSj mUgksaus ,d fnu
eq>s dj.k ls feyokrs gq;s dgk fd ;g
fQYe dk ghjks gSA ;g fQYe dk rks ugha
ysfdu Vhoh dk cM+k LVkj gSA ckn esa
muds lkFk dke djrs gq, eSa muls
dkQh çHkkfor gqbZ D;ksafd eSaus ns[kk
fd dj.k eSFkZM ,DVj ugha gS
blfy;s og fny ls dke djrs gSaA
vHkh rd vki <sj lkjh g‚jj
fQYesa dj pqdh gSa ysfdu ,slh
dkSu lh fQYe gS ftlesa vkidks
lcls T;knk Mj yxk gks\
eSa oSls Hkh dkQh Mjiksd fdLe dh
yM+dh gwaA blhfy;s eksLVyh viuh fQYesa
de gh ns[krh gwa ysfdu tgka rd Mjus
dh ckr dh tk;s rks eq>s lcls T;knk
fcik'kk
clq
Mj ^jkt* esa yxk FkkA vkidks ugha yxrk fd
vki Vkbi dkLV gksrh tk jgh gSa\ eq>s rd
le> ugha vk;k fd ;g Vkbi dkLV D;k gksrk
gSA eSaus ,d fQYe esa ijs'k jkoy dh iRuh dh
Hkwfedk dh FkhA rc Hkh fy[kk x;k Fkk g‚V
lsDlh iRuhA
vHkh rd dk dksbZ cqjk vuqHko\
eq>s vHkh rd ;gka dksbZ cqjk
vuqHko blfy;s ugha gqvk
D;ksafd eSa tkurh Fkh fd
vkidk Qk;nk rHkh
mBk;k tk ldrk gS tc
mls vki mBkus nsaA ;g
ckr eq>s esjh lksyg
lky dh mez esa gh
le> esa vk pqdh FkhA eSa
rHkh ls u cksyrs
vk jgh gwaA
vius pkSng
lky ds dfj;j
esa fQYe
^ge'kdYl* ls
cqjk vuqHko ugha
jgkA blhfy;s
eSa ml fQYe
ds çeks'ku
esa Hkh
'kkfEkYk
Uk gha
gqbZ
FkhA
6
Slm/skjklqkj
NEW DELHI TUESDAY 20-26 JANUARY-2015
vewy 10 u, nqX/k
la;a= LFkkfir djsxh
eqacbZ A Ms;jh {ks= dh çeq[k daiuh vewy vxys
foÙk o"kZ esa 10 nqX/k çlaLdj.k la;a=ksa dh
LFkkiuk ij 5]000 djksM+ #i, dk fuos'k
djsxhA daiuh us 2020 rd viuk jktLo
50]000 djksM+ #i, ij igqapkus dk y{;
j[kk gSA vewy ds çca/k funs'kd
vkj,l lks<+h us ;gka ^bafM;k QwM
Qksje 2015* esa dgk] ^ge vxys foÙk
o"kZ esa djhc 10 nqX/k çlaLdj.k la;a=
LFkkfir djus ij 5000 djksM+ #i,
dk fuos'k djsaxsA buesa ls nks la;a=
fnYyh] rhu mÙkj çns'k] ,d&,d
dksydkrk o egkjk"Vª o 'ks"k
xqtjkr esa LFkkfir fd, tk,axsA
gekjk y{; 2020 rd vius
jktLo dks 50]000 djksM+ #i, ij
igqapkus dk gSA*
mUgksaus dgk fd vewy bl lky 20]000 djksM+
#i, vkenuh dk y{; gkfly djus dh vksj
vxzlj gSA lks<+h us dgk fd vewy ds
lkeus nw/k mRiknu c<+kus] eosf'k;ksa dh
uLy esa lq/kkj o pkjk f[kykus ds
O;ogkj esa lq/kkj djus dh pqukSrh gSA
lks<+h us dgk fd ns'k esa 30 ls 40
xk; vkSj HkSalksa ds lkFk 40]000 #i,
ekfld dek;k tk ldrk gSA bl
ifj;kstuk dh ykxr 21 yk[k #i,
cSBsxhA blesa _.k dk
fgLlk 15 yk[k #i,
gksxkA Ms;jh [kaM esa
futh {ks= o cgqjk"Vªh;
daifu;ksa ds ços'k ds ckjs esa
lks<+h us dgk fd Ms;jh mRiknksa dk
dqy cktkj pkj yk[k djksM+ #i,
dk gS ftlesa laxfBr {ks= dk fgLlk
ek= 20 Qhln gSA ;gka lHkh ds fy, txg gSA
lkekftd lqj{kk ykHk ds
fy, feysxk fo'ks"k dkMZ
ubZ fnYyh A Je ea=ky; us laxfBr {ks= ds
deZpkfj;ksa ds fy, ,dy LekVZdkMZ tkjh djus
dh ;kstuk cukbZ gSA blds tfj, deZpkfj;ksa
dks isa'ku] Hkfo"; fuf/k rFkk LokLF; chek tSlh
fofHkUu
lkekftd
lqj{kk ;kstukvksa ds
rgr ykHk çkIr djus
esa enn feysxhA
Je
ea=ky;
deZpkfj;ksa ds C;ksjs
elyu lkoZHkkSfed
Hkfo"; fuf/k [kkrk
la[;k
¼;w,,u½]
vk/kkj] iSu rFkk cSad
[kkrk la[;k ds lkFk cSad 'kk[kkvksa dS
vkbZ,Q,llh dksM dks LekVZ dkMZ ls tksM+sxk
ftlls deZpkfj;ksa dks Qk;nk gksxkA Je
ea=ky; ds ,d ofj"B vf/kdkjh us dgk] ^Je
ea=ky; us laxfBr {ks= ds deZpkfj;ksa dks
lkekftd lqj{kk ;kstukvksa ds rgr fofHkUu
ykHk miyC/k djkus ds fy, ,dy LekVZdkMZ
is'k djus dh ;kstuk rS;kj dh gSA* mlus
dgk fd bl dkMZ dk mi;ksx deZpkfj;ksa ,oa
mu ij vkfJr yksxksa dks ljdkj }kjk depkjh Hkfo"; fuf/k laxBu ¼bZih,Qvks½ rFkk
deZpkjh jkT; chek fuxe ¼bZ,lvkbZlh½ tSls
fudk;ksa ds tfj;s nh tkus okyh fofHkUu lkekftd lqj{kk ;kstukvksa
ds fy;s igpku] mez]
irk] cSad [kkrk rFkk
fuHkZj O;fä;ksa ds
lR;kiu esa fd;k
tk,xkA
vf/kdkjh us vkxs
crk;kfd bZih,Qvks
}kjk tkjh fd, x,
;w,,u ds ifjpkyu
esa vkus rFkk MsVkcsl rS;kj gks tkus ds ckn
;kstuk 'kq: dh tk,xhA bZih,Qvks us vius
va'k/kkjdksa dks pkj djksM+ ls vf/kd ;w,,u
tkjh fd;k gS vkSj bls cSad [kkrk] iSu rFkk
vk/kkj ls tksM+us dk dke 'kq: dj fn;k gSA
isa'ku] Hkfo"; fuf/k vkSj LokLF; chek tSls
ykHk ysus esa feysxh enn bl LekVZ dkMZ ls
;w,u] vk/kkj] iSu vkSj cSad [kkrk la[;k tksM+s
tk,axsA
fjyk;al us fQj ls 'kq:
fd, vius isVªksy iai
ubZ fnYyh A Mhty dherksa dks fu;a=.keqä fd, tkus ls
mRlkfgr fjyk;al baMLVªht us vius can isVªksy iaiksa dks fQj
[kksyuk 'kq: dj fn;k gSA daiuh us vius 1400 can isVªksy iaiksa
esa ls 20 çfr'kr 'kq: dj fn, gSaA 'ks"k dks Hkh og ,d lky ds
Hkhrj pkyw djsxhA lkoZtfud {ks= dh daifu;ksa }kjk Hkkjh
lfClMh okyk bZa/ku csps tkus dh otg ls futh {ks= dh daiuh
dks vius bZa/ku LVs'kuksa dks can djuk iM+k FkkA ns'k esa futh {ks=
dh fjQkbujh daifu;ksa esa fjyk;al baMLVªht ds vykok ,Llkj
vk;y fy- 'kkfey gSA o"kZ 2006 rd bu daifu;ksa us Mhty ds
17 çfr'kr o isVªksy ds 10 çfr'kr ?kjsyw [kqnjk cktkj ij dCtk
dj fy;k FkkA ysfdu blds ckn lkoZtfud {ks= dh daifu;ksa
}kjk Hkkjh lfClMh okyk bZa/ku csps tkus dh otg ls futh {ks=
dh daifu;ksa dks Hkkjh uqdlku mBkuk iM+kA fjyk;al baMLVªht
us rhljh frekgh ds urhtksa ds ckn fuos'kd çLrqrhdj.k esa dgk]
^230 isVªksy iai igys gh [kksys tk pqds gSaA gekjh ;kstuk ,d
lky esa iwjs usVodZ dks pkyw djus dh gSA*
fjyk;al baMLVªht us ekpZ] 2008 ds vklikl Hkkjh uqdlku dh
otg ls vius 1]432 isVªksy iai can dj fn, FksA ljdkj us twu]
2010 esa isVªksy dherksa dks fu;a=.keqä fd;k FkkA mlds ckn
,Llkj [kqnjk {ks= esa fQj mrj xbZ FkhA og vius 1400
vkmVysV~l ls eq[; :i ls isVªksy dh fcØh dj jgh gSA ns'k
esa lcls T;knk [kir okys bZa/ku Mhty dks fiNys lky
fu;a=.keqä fd;k x;k FkkA mlds ckn ls futh {ks= dh daifu;ka
,d ckj fQj [kqnjk cktkj esa mrjus yxh gSaA
ljdkj 5-4 yk[k
yksxksa dks çkS|ksfxdh
çf'k{k.k nsxh
ubZ fnYyh A ns'k esa bysDVªkfuDl fofuekZ.k {ks= esa n{k Jecy
dh ekax dks iwjk djus ds fy, ljdkj vxys ikap lky esa djhc
5-4 yk[k yksxksa dks çkS|ksfxdh ds {ks= esa çf'k{k.k nsxhA blds
fy, 400 djksM+ #i, dk vkSj vkoaVu fd;k tk,xkA bl
;kstuk dks tYn fljs p<+kus dh rS;kjh gSA ljdkj us uoEcj]
2013 esa 'kq: dh xbZ dkS'ky fodkl ;kstuk ds fy, igys gh
100 djksM+ #i, eatwj fd, gSaA ;g ;kstuk vkB jkT;ksa vka/kz
çns'k] rsyaxkuk] tEew& d'ehj] dukZVd] dsjy] mÙkjk[kaM rFkk
mÙkj çns'k esa 'kq: dh xbZ gSA ,d vkf/kdkfjd lw= us dgk]
^lapkj ,oa vkbZVh ea=h jfo'kadj çlkn us bysDVª‚fuDl i.kzkyh
fMtkbu ,oa fofuekZ.k {ks= esa dkS'ky fodkl ds nwljs pj.k dks
eatwjh ns nh gSA blds fy, 400 djksM+ #i, eatwj fd, x,
gSaA* lw= us dgk fd ;kstuk dk nwljk pj.k lHkh jkT;ksa esa 'kq:
gksxk vkSj ljdkj dk nksuksa pj.kksa esa dqy feykdj vxys ikap
lky esa 5-4 yk[k yksxksa dks çf'kf{kr djus dk y{; gSA* ,d
vf/kdkjh us dgk fd bysDVªkfuDl ,oa lwpuk çkS|ksfxdh foHkkx
nwljs pj.k ds ckjs esa C;ksjk ,d lIrkg ds Hkhrj lk>k djsxkA
VsLV esa Hkh vOoy gSa fojkV
,fMysM esa [ksys x, igys gh VsLV eSp esa
Vhe bafM;k fcuk egsaæ flag /kksuh ds mrjh
Fkh] fygktk dIrkuh dh ftEesnkjh Hkh dksgyh ds da/kksa ij vk iM+h FkhA ysfdu dksgyh ,sls f[kykM+h gSa ftUgksaus ges'kk ls
pqukSfr;ksa dks Lohdkj fd;kA fojkV us
igys gh eSp ls vius vkØked rsoj ls
;g lkfcr dj fn;k fd muesa çfrHkk
dkQh gSA mUgksaus daxk: f[kykfM+;ksa ds
f[kykQ u dsoy tqckuh tax tkjh j[kh
cfYd cYys ls Hkh mUgsa djkjk tokc
fn;kA
fojkV dksgyh ds VsLV dfj;j ds fy,
vkLVªsfy;k nkSjk ehy dk iRFkj lkfcr
gqvkA ouMs fØ dsV esa fnXxt f[kykM+h ds
:i esa viuk flDdk tek pqds dksgyh ds
lkeus VsLV fØ dsVj ds :i esa [kqn dks
LFkkfir djus dh pqukSrh FkhA baXySaM nkSjs
ij iwjh rjg vlQy jgus okys fnYyh ds
bl f[kykM+h ds fy, ;g nkSj dkQh vge
ekuk tk jgk FkkA ,fMysM esa [ksys x,
igys gh VsLV eSp esa Vhe fcuk egsaæ flag
/kksuh ds mrjh Fkh fygktk dIrkuh dh
ftEesnkjh Hkh dksgyh ds da/kksa ij vk iM+h
FkhA ysfdu dksgyh ,sls f[kykM+h gSa
ftUgksaus ges'kk ls pqukSfr;ksa dks Lohdkj
fd;kA fojkV us igys gh eSp ls vius
vkØked rsoj fn[kkus 'kq: dj fn,A
mUgksaus daxk: f[kykfM+;ksa ds f[kykQ u
dsoy tqckuh tax tkjh j[kh cfYd cYys
ls Hkh mUgsa djkjk tokc fn;kA [kkldj
rst xsanckt fe'ksy t‚ulu dksA fojkV
dksgyh tc ,fMysM VsLV dh igyh ikjh
esa cYysckth djus eSnku esa mrjs rks
t‚ulu us mudk Lokxr ckmalj ls fd;k
tks Hkkjrh; dIrku ds flj ij yxk vkSj
og eSnku esa fxj iM+sA blds ckn rks dksgyh us daxk: xsancktksa dh [kwc [kcj yh
vkSj nksuksa ikfj;ksa esa 'krd tek,A bl
rjg dksgyh crkS j dIrku igys gh VsLV
dh nksuksa ikfj;ksa esa 'krd tM+us okys igys
Hkkjrh; dIrku cusA blds ckn rks dksgyh dk cYyk ,slk pyk fd mUgksaus ,d
ds ckn ,d fjdkMZ vius uke ntZ djk,A
dksgyh us iwjh VsLV lhjht esa pkj 'krd
vkSj ,d v/kZ'krd tek;kA ;g igyk
ekSdk gS tc fdlh Hkkjrh; cYysckt us
vkLVªsfy;k esa ,d lhjht esa pkj 'krd
tek, gksaA ;gh ugha] dksgyh us
fons'kh nkSjs ij ,d lhjht esa
lcls vf/kd ju cukus dk fjdkMZ
Hkh vius uke fd;kA dqy feykdj
bl VsLV lhjht esa Hkkjrh; cYys
cktksa [kkldj fojkV dksgyh us
daxk#vksa dks cjkcjh VDdj nhA
Hkkjr pkj VsLV eSpksa dh lhjht
Hkys gh gkj x;k gks ysfdu
vkLVªsfy;kbZ xsanckt dksgyh dks
ugha gjk ik,A dksgyh ds lkeus
daxk: ^VsLV* esa ikl djus dh
pqukSrh Fkh] ysfdu fojkV us u
dsoy ^VsLV* ikl fd;k cfYd VsLV
esa vOoy Hkh jgsA
,d lhjht esa pkj 'krd & fojkV
dksgyh us egku cYysckt lquhy
xkoLdj ds fjdkMZ dh cjkcjh djrs gq,
,d lhjht esa pkj 'krd cuk MkysA dksgyh us vkLVªsfy;k esa [ksys pkj VsLV eSpksa
esa pkj 'krd tek, vkSj lhjht esa 86-50
dh vkSlr ls dqy 692 ju tqVk,A blls
igys lq uhy xkoLdj us 1970&71 esa
osLVbaMht nkSjs ij ;g dfj'ek dj
fn[kk;k FkkA rc mUgksaus pkj VsLV eSpksa
dh lhjht esa pkj 'krd tekrs gq, 154-
80 dh vkSlr ls 774 ju cuk, FksA
xkoLdj us 1978&79 esa Hkh osLVbaMht ds
f[kykQ ,d lhjht esa pkj 'krd tek,]
ysfdu rc ;g lhjht Hkkjr esa [ksyh xbZ
FkhA dksgyh us vkLVªsfy;kbZ /kjrh ij ,d
lhjht esa lokZf/kd ju cukus dk u;k
fjdkMZ cuk;kA blls igys ;g fjdkMZ
jkgqy æfoM+ us uke ntZ Fkk ftUgksaus
2003&04 esa pkj VsLV eSpksa dh lhjht esa
,d nksgjk 'krd vkS j rhu v/kZ'krdksa dh
enn ls 619 ju cuk, FksA dksgyh ls
igys vkLVªsfy;kbZ /kjrh ij flQZ nks gh
f[kykM+h ,d lhjht esa pkj 'krd tek
ik, FksA gcZVZ lVfDyQus 1924&25 vkSj
okYVj gseaM us 1928&29 esa vkLVªsfy;kbZ
ljteha ij ,d lhjht esa pkj VsLV 'krd
Bksds FksA crkSj dIrku igyh rhu ikfj;ksa
esa 'krd & fojkV dksgyh us crkSj dIrku
viuh igyh rhu ikfj;ksa esa tekus dk
u;k fjdkMZ cuk;kA dksgyh us crkSj
dIrku ,fMysM VsLV dh nksuksa ikfj;ksa esa
'krd tek;k FkkA blds ckn flMuh esa
[ksys x, VsLV eSp dh igyh ikjh esa
'krd tek dj dksgyh crkSj dIrku
yxkrkj rhu ikfj;ksa esa 'krd tekus okys
nqfu;k ds ,dek= cYysckt
cu x,A dIrku ds :i esa
yxkrkj igyh nks ikfj;ksa esa
'krd tekus dk fjdkMZ
igys vkLVªsfy;k ds xzsx
pkSiy ds uke ntZ FkkA
ftUgksaus viuh igyh nks
ikfj;ksa esa 1975 esa osLV
baMht ds f[kykQ fczLcsu esa
'krd tM+s FksA vkLVªsfy;k
ds f[kykQ gtkj ju &
fojkV dksgyh us vkLVªsfy;k
ds f[kykQ VsLV eSpksa esa ,d
gtkj ju Hkh iwjs fd,A
dksgyh ,slk djus okys
Hkkjr ds nlosa cYysckt
gSaA dksgyh us vkLVªsfy;k
ds f[kykQ 12 VsLV eSpksa esa
60-67 dh vkSlr ls 1276
ju cuk, gSaA ftlesa Ng
'krd 'kkfey gSaA etsnkj
ckr ;g gS fd dksgyh us
vius 33 eSpksa ds VsLV
dWfj;j esa dqy 2547 ju
cuk, gSa ;kuh vk/ks ls vf/kd ju flQZ
vkLVªsfy;k ds f[kykQ cuk, gSaA ;gh
ugha] fnYyh ds bl cYysckt ds uke
dqy nl VsLV 'krd gSa ftuesa ls Ng
flQZ vkLVªsfy;k ds f[kykQ tek, gSaA
buesa Hkh ikap vkLVªsfy;k dh ljteh esa
Bksds gSaA dksgyh vxj vkB ju vkSj cuk
ysrs rks og vkLVªsfy;kbZ /kjrh ij vius
gtkj VsLV ju iwjs dj ysrsA
FOCUS NEWS
vkfFkZd o`f) dks çksRlkgu nsus ds fy,
101 ufn;ka tyekxZ esa rCnhy gksaxh
ubZ fnYyh A vkfFkZd o`f) dks çksRlkgu nsus ds
fy, ljdkj ns'k esa tyekxksaZ dks c<+kok nsuk
pkgrh gSA blds fy, ljdkj us ,d
egRokdka{kh ;kstuk cukbZ gS ftlds rgr ns'k
Hkj dh 101 ufn;ksa dks tyekxZ
esa ifjofrZr djus dk çLrko gSA
;g ckr lM+d ifjogu] jktekxZ
vkSj tgktjkuh ea=h fufru
xMdjh us dghA mUgksaus dgk]
^tyekxZ dks çksRlkfgr djuk esjs
ea=ky; dh 'kh"kZ çkFkfedrk gSA
geus ns'k Hkj dh 101 ufn;ksa dh
igpku dh gS ftUgsa tyekxZ esa
rCnhy fd;k tk ldrk gS vkSj
tks ifjogu dk csgn lLrk ek/;e gSA*
mUgksaus dgk fd ufn;ksa dks tyekxZ ds :i esa
ifjofrZr djus ds fy, fo/ks;d ij laln ls
Loh—fr yh tk,xhA ljdkj us vc rd flQZ
ikap ufn;ksa ds dqN fgLlksa dks tyekxZ ds rkSj
ij ?kksf"kr fd;k gS ftuesa ls rhu ifjpkyu esa
gSaA mUgksaus dgk fd bl {ks= dks çksRlkfgr djus
ds fy, dbZ igysa dh tk jgh gSa D;ksafd lM+d
vkSj jsy ifjogu ds eqdkcys lLrk gksus ds
ckotwn ns'k us vc rd tyekxZ dh laHkkoukvksa
dk Qk;nk ugha mBk;k gSA tyekxZ vkfFkZd
o`f) dks çksRlkfgr djus esa mYys[kuh; Hkwfedk
fuHkk ldrk gSA
xMdjh us dgk fd mudk
ea=ky; lM+d ij ;krk;kr ds
cks> dks de djus vkSj tyekxZ
dks çksRlkfgr djus ds fy,
çfrc) gS ftlesa ifjogu ykxr
eqf'dy ls 50 iSls çfr fdyksehVj
gS tcfd jsy ifjogu dh ykxr
,d #i, çfr fdyksehVj vkSj
lM+d ifjogu dh ykxr 1-50
#i,
çfr fdyksehVj gSA
varns'Z kh; tyekxZ esa unh] >hy] ugj] NksVh
unh] cSdokVj vkfn 'kkfey gSAa ns'k esa bldk
foLrkj djhc 14]500 fdyksehVj gSA gkykafd]
vc rd bl ifjogu i.kzkyh dk vc rd iwjk
Qk;nk ugha mBk;k x;k gSA ljdkj us ns'k esa
ç/kkuea=h ty ekxZ ;kstuk 'kq: djus dk
igys gh fu.kZ; fy;k gqvk gSA blds vykok
ns'k esa NksVs vkSj ns'k ds Hkhrjh fgLlksa esa canjxkg cukus dh Hkh ;kstuk gSA
bZa/ku lfClMh de djus ,QMhvkbZ esa Ng
ds fy, Hkkjr ds dneksa Qhln dh fxjkoV
ubZ fnYyh A ns'k esa ,QMhvkbZ uoEcj] 2014 esa
dh ljkguk
okf'kaxVu A varjjk"Vªh; eqæk dks"k ¼vkbZ,e,Q½ us
bZa/ku lfClMh esa deh ykus ds Hkkjr ds ç;klksa dh
ljkguk djrs gq, dgk gS fd fu;ar.kz Lrj ij
dPps rsy dh dherksa esa fxjkoV us ÅtkZ lfClMh
esa dVkSrh dk Lof.kZe volj çnku fd;k gSA
vkbZ,e,Q dh çca/k funs'kd fØ LVhu ysxkMZ us
fu;ar.kz vFkZO;oLFkk ds 2015 ds ifj–'; ij
cksyrs gq, dgk fd rsy dherksa esa fxjkoV us ÅtkZ
lfClMh esa dVkSrh dk Lof.kZe volj çnku fd;k
gSA bl cpr dk bLrseky xjhcksa ds fgr esa vU;
ifj;kstukvksa esa fd;k tk ldrk gSA ysxkMZ us
dgk] ^geus gky ds le; esa ns[kk gS fd dSe:u]
fel] gSrh] Hkkjr] baMksusf'k;k vkSj eysf'k;k tSls
ns'kksa us lQyrkiwoZd isVªksfy;e lfClMh esa deh
dh gSA* ljdkj us fiNys lky vDVwcj esa Mhty
ds nke fu;a=.keqä dj fn,A bl QSlys ds ckn
ns'k esa bZa/ku ds nke vc varjjk"Vªh; ?kVc<+ ds
vuq:i ?kVrs c<+rs gSaA ljdkj us o"kZ 2013&14
esa isVªks inkFkksaZ ij 70]772 djksM+ #i, dh
lfClMh miyC/k djkbZ FkhA
psgjs ij lgt Hkko vkSj lkSE; fn[kus okys eksgEen ^eks* Qjkg
dks vxj fczVsu dk lcls yksdfç; vkSj lEekfur ,FkyhV dgk
tk, rks cM+h ckr ugha gSA lksekfy;kbZ ewy dk ;g fczfV'k /kkod
yach vkSj e/;e nwjh dh nkSM+ ds fy, fo'ofo[;kr gSA og bl
le; 5000 vkSj 10]000 ehVj esa vksyafid] oZYM vkSj ;wjksfi;u
pkSafi;u gSA vkerkSj ij og bUgha nks bosaV esa utj vkrs gSa]
ysfdu gky ds le; esa mUgksaus 3]000 vkSj 1]500 ehVj dh nkSM+
esa Hkh f'kjdr djuh 'kq: dj nh gS A 2014 esa eks Qjkg us
yanu esa viuk eSjkFku MsC;w Hkh fd;kA gkykafd og vkBosa
ik;nku ij jgs] ysfdu blds ckotwn Qjkg us nks ?kaVs] vkB
feuV vkSj 21 lsadsM esa ;g nwjh iwjh dj baXySaM dh vksj ls u;k
dhfrZeku LFkkfir fd;kA
eksxkfn'kw Vw yanu lksekfy;k ds eksxkfn'kw esa 23 ekpZ 1983
dks iSnk gq, eksgEen eq[rkj tkek Qjkg ds thou ds
'kq#vkrh lky thckmVh esa xqtjsA vkB lky dh mez esa
og vius firk ds ikl baXySa M vk x,A fczfV'k ukxfjdrk okys Qjkg ds firk vkbZVh
bathfu;j FksA yanu ds
QsyFkke dE;wfuVh
d‚ys
t
ds
fQftdy Vhpj us
fd'kksj Qjkg ds VSysaV
dks igpkuk vkSj Msoyi
fd;kA gkykafd uke ds vkxs
^eksgEen* tqM+s gksus ds dkj.k bl
egku f[kykM+h dks varjjk"Vªh; Lrj ij dbZ
miyfC/k;ka gkfly djus ds ckotw n dbZ ckj
viekfur Hkh gks uk iM+kA lky 2012&13 esa
vesfjdk esa tgka mUgsa VsjsfjLV gksus ds lansg esa
vesfjdh dLVe vf/kdkfj;ksa }kjk jksdk x;k FkkA ogha 2012 yanu
vksyafid ds ckn viuh igpku dh iqf"V ds fy, mUgsa dfFkr
rkSj ij dLVe vf/kdkfj;ksa dks vius xksYM esMy fn[kkus iM+s
FksA cgjgky] vc og nqfu;k ds tkus&ekus ,FkyhV gSaA ^ekscksV
ikst* dks cuk;k yksdfç; tSls nqfu;k ds lcls rst /kkod mlSu
cksYV vius fofuax flXuspj ikst ds fy, fo[;kr gSaA Bhd oSls
gh Qjkg dk ^ekscksV* gj fdlh dks viuh vksj vkdf"kZr djrk
gSA bl ikst dh dgkuh dkQh fnypLi gSA og ebZ 2012 esa
,d Vhoh dk;ZØe esa f'kjdr dj jgs FksA bl nkSjku gksLV us
dk;ZØe ds vU; esgekuksa ls Qjkg ds fy, ,d Mkflax ikst dh
lykg nsus dks dgkA bl rjg flj ij gkFk ?kqekdj ,e cukus
dk LVkby ^ekscksV* ikst cukA gkykafd bl rjg dk ikst ,d
i‚i xhr esa igys gks pqdk FkkA ysfdu Qjkg dh igpku cus
bl ikst us yksdfç;rk ds u, dhfrZeku x<+sA pkSfjVh dk tfj;k
^ekscksV* yanu vksyafid esa xksYMu Mcy ds ckn Qjkg vkSj
mudk ^ekscksV* nqfu;k Hkj esa pZpk dk dkj.k cu x;kA Qjkg
dh thr dks lEeku nsus ds Øe esa yanu dh ,d ;wfuoflZVh ds
oSKkfudksa us vius ,d jkscksV dks ^ekscksV* uke fn;kA Qjkg us
bl yksdfç;rk dks pkSfjVh ds fy, cukbZ xbZ viuh QkmaMs'ku
lkykuk vk/kkj ij Ng Qhln ls vf/kd ?kVdj
1-53 vjc Mkyj jg x;kA uoEcj] 2013 esa ns'k
esa 1-63 vjc Mkyj dk fons'kh fuos'k vk;k FkkA
vkS|ksfxdh uhfr ,oa lao/kZu foHkkx ¼MhvkbZihih½
ds vkadM+ksa ds eqrkfcd pkyw foÙk o"kZ dh
vçSy&uoEcj dh vof/k esa fons'kh fuos'k 22
Qhln c<+dj 18-88 vjc Mkyj gks x;k tks
fiNys lky dh blh vof/k esa 15-45 vjc Mkyj
FkkA 'kh"kZ 10 {ks=ksa esa nwjlapkj dks pkyw foÙk o"kZ
ds igys vkB eghuksa esa lcls vf/kd 2-47 vjc
Mkyj dk fons'kh fuos'k feykA blds ckn lsok
{ks= ¼1-84 vjc Mkyj½] okgu ¼1-53 vjc
Mkyj½] QkekZ ¼1-15 vjc Mkyj½ vkSj daI;wVj
lk¶Vos;j vkSj gkMZos;j ¼86-2 djksM+ Mkyj½ dk
LFkku jgkA bl vof/k esa ns'k esa lcls vf/kd
fons'kh fuos'k ekjh'kl ds jkLrs ¼5-20 vjc
Mkyj½ vk;kA ftlds ckn flaxkiqj ¼3-74 vjc
Mkyj½] uhnjySaM ¼2-42 vjc Mkyj½] vesfjdk
¼1-35 vjc Mkyj½ vkSj tkiku ¼1-28 vjc
Mkyj½ dk LFkku jgkA
eks Qjkg
tsaVyeSu /kkod
ds fy, nku dh mxkgh dk tfj;k cuk;kA og vDlj pkSfjVh
dk;ZØeksa esa bl ikst ds tfj, iSlk tqVkrs gSaA oftZu ehfM;k us
rks ekscksV ikst okys fdlh Hkh ohfM;ks ds viyksM gksus ij Qjkg
ds QkmaMs'ku dks nks ikmaM dk nku nsus dh ?kks"k.kk dj j[kh gSA
vklsZuy ds QSu vkSj dekbZ esa pkSafi;u Qjkg QqVcky Dyc
vklsZuy ds QSu gSaA og bl pkSafi;u Dyc ds fQVusl dksp
cuus dh bPNk Hkh trk pqds gSaA vDVwcj 2013 esa eks Qjkg
dh vkVksck;ksxzkQh fV~ou ,ach'ku
çdkf'kr gqbZA og lks'ky
ehfM;k ij Hkh n[ky
j[krs gSaA fV~oVj ij
muds nl yk[k vkSj
Qslcqd ij pkj yk[k
Qkyksvj gSaA
Qjkg us dbZ ukeh daifu;ksa ds
lkFk foKkiu vuqca/k dj j[kk gSA
blesa isl LiksVZ~l eSustesaV] ukbdh]
yqdkstsM] cwik vkSj oftZu ehfM;k 'kkfey gSaA og
foKkiu vkSj Li‚Uljf'ki ls djhc 10 fefy;u ikmaM
dekrs gSaA blds vykok eSustesaV QeZ vksDVsxu ds tfj,
^czsaM eks* dh çeks'ku vkSj ,Dthfo'ku ls Hkh Qjkg dks
<kbZ yk[k ls lk<+s pkj yk[k ikmaM dh dekbZ gksrh gSA
futh ftanxh vçSy 2010 esa Qjkg us viuh yacs le; ls fe=
jgha rkfu;k usy ls yanu ds fjpeaM esa 'kknh dhA Qjkg vkSj
rkfu;k dh xksn yh gqbZ csVh fjgkuk gSA blds vykok 2012 esa
vksyafid xksYM dh rjg gh Qjkg ds ?kj esa nks I;kjh csfV;ka
vkbZA rkfu;k us Qjkg dh tqM+ok csfV;ks vk;'kk vkSj vekuh dks
tUe fn;kA Qjkg bLyke ds vuq;k;h gSaA ,d ifCyds'ku us
2013 esa Qjkg dks nqfu;k ds 500 çHkko'kkgh eqfLyeksa dh lwph
esa 'kkfey fd;k FkkA
miyfC/k;ka % 2012 yanu vksyafid xksYM ¼5]000 ehVj½ 2012
yanu vksyafid xksYM ¼10]000 ehVj½s 2011 % oYMZ pkSafi;uf'ki
MsX;w xksYM ¼5]000 ehVj½s 2011 % oYMZ pkSafi;uf'ki MsX;w flYoj
¼10]000 ehVj½s 2013 % oYMZ pkSafi;uf'ki ekLdks xksYM ¼10]000
ehVj½s 2013 % oYMZ pkSafi;uf'ki ekLdks xksYM ¼5]000 ehVj½s
2010 % ;wjksfi;u pkSafi;uf'ki ckflZyksuk xksYM ¼5]000 ehVj½s
2010 % ;wjksfi;u pkSafi;uf'ki ckflZyksuk xksYM ¼10]000 ehVj½s
2012 % ;wjksfi;u pkSafi;uf'ki gsysaLdh xksYM ¼5]000 ehVj½s
2014 % ;wjksfi;u pkSafi;uf'ki T;wfj[k xksYM ¼5]000 ehVj½s
2014 % ;wjksfi;u pkSafi;uf'ki T;wfj[k xksYM ¼10]000 ehVj½
jfopaæu vf'ou dk VsLV fØdsV esa Mcykby
vkLVªsfy;k ds f[kykQ flMuh esa [ksys x, pkSFks vkSj vafre VsLV eSp
esa jfopaæu vf'ou us viuh 50 ju dh ikjh ds nkSjku VsLV fØ
dsV esa vius 1000 ju iwjs fd, ftlds ckn os VsLV fØ dsV esa
1000 juksa vkSj 100 fodsVksa dk Mcy iwjk djus esa lQy gq,A nk,a
gkFk ls cYysckth vkSj v‚Q czsd xsanckth djkus okys jfopaæu
vf'ou VsLV fØ dsV esa 1000 juksa vkSj 100 fodsV dk Mcy iwjk
djus okys Hkkjr ds ukSaos vkSj dqy feykdj 59osa v‚yjkmaMj cusA
VsLV fØ dsV esa 1000 juksa vkSj 100 fodsV dk Mcy djus okys
igys f[kykM+h vkLVªsfy;k ds tktZ fxzfQu FksA nk,a gkFk ls
cYysckth vkSj nk,a gkFk ls rst xsanckth djkus okys tktZ fxzfQu
us baXySaM ds f[kykQ eSupsLVj esa tqykbZ 1896 dks [ksys x, VsLV
esa viuk 100oka fodsV ysdj ;g xkSjo 30osa VsLV esa çkIr fd;k FkkA
mUgksaus dqy 31 VsLV [ksys ftlesa 23-35 dh vkSlr ds lkFk 1238
ju cuk, vkSj 27-09 dh vkSlr ds lkFk 103 f[kykfM+;ksa dks vkmV
fd;kA Hkkjr ds fy, 1000 ju vkSj 100 fodsV dk Mcy iwjk djus
okys igys f[kykM+h ohuw ekadM Fks] ftUgksaus ikfdLrku ds f[kykQ
1952& 53 esa eqacbZ esa vius 100 fodsV iwjs djds ;g xkSjo çkIr
fd;k FkkA mUgksaus 23osa VsLV esa ,slk djds lcls tYnh Mcy iwjk
djus dk fjdkMZ cuk;k Fkk] tks ckn esa baXySaM ds b;ku c‚Fke us
rksM+ fn;k FkkA nk,a gkFk ls cYysckth vkSj ck,a gkFk ls fLiu xsanckth djkus okys ohuw ekadM us tks 44 VsLV eSp [ksys muesa 31-47
dh vkSlr ls 2109 ju cuk,A
FOCUS NEWS
NEW DELHI TUESDAY 20-26 JANUARY-2015
7
President addresses students and faculty of
CUS, IITS, NITS etc on ‘parliament and
policymaking’ from Rashtrapati Bhavan
The President of India, Pranab
Mukherjee delivered through
Video Conferencing a New Year
Message
on
the
topic
‘Parliament and Policymaking’
to Central Universities, IITs,
NITs and other Institutions using
the
National
Knowledge
Network from Rashtrapati
Bhavan today (January 19,
2015).
The
President
also
responded to questions on (1) the remedy to check disruptions in Parliament,
(2) way out when
ruling party does
not have numbers in
Rajya Sabha, (3) the
Ordinance route to
enact legislation and
(4) making the
budget
making
process participative.
A webcast of the
address and the Q &
A session is available on http://webcast.gov.in/president/
Addressing the students and faculty, the President said the year
2014 was an eventful year for
India’s polity. After three
decades, Indian electorate decided to give a single party the
majority to form a stable government. The outcome of the elections to the 16th Lok Sabha provides political stability and gives
a mandate to the elected government to fulfill its commitment to
the people by using its majority
in formulating policies and making laws to implement those policies. The President said in a
democracy, the Parliament has
three vital functions – representation, law-making and oversight. The Parliament stands for
the will and aspirations of the
people. It is the platform where
through debate and deliberations,
this ‘will’ and ‘aspirations’ have
to be prioritized and translated
into laws, policies and concrete
programmes of action. When
that does not happen, an important element in the functioning of
a democracy gets compromised
to the disadvantage of the people.
The President said law-making
or legislation is the exclusive
interest. Policymaking in India’s
context is guided by its
Constitution. The Parliament
having aided policy formulation
also ensures that policy and programmes that it has helped
define through legislation is
implemented in the envisaged
manner. It exercises oversight, to
ensure that programmes are car-
domain of the Parliament and the
legislative assemblies in our
Parliamentary democracy. In
law-making, the easy part is the
act of passing a Bill. The harder
part is the negotiations for reconciling the interests of different
groups for the legislation. A legislature is effective only if it is
able to address the differences
amongst stakeholders and succeeds in building a consensus for
the law to be enacted and
enforced. When the Parliament
fails in discharging its law-making role or enacts law without
discussion, it breaches the trust
reposed in it by the people. This
is neither good for the democracy nor for the policies anchored
in those laws. The President said
policies have to address concerns
of different stakeholders in a
society in the larger national
ried out by the Executive legally,
effectively and for the purposes
they are intended. Parliamentary
oversight extends also to two
other important functions.
Parliament enjoys exclusive
power of total control on money
and finance. Every taxation and
every receipt and expenditure to
and from the Consolidated Fund
of India is subject to the approval
of the Lok Sabha or Vidhan
Sabha. The other important
supervisory power of the
Parliament over the Executive is
that the highest Executive
authority i.e. the Prime Minister
and the Council of Ministers
function as long as they enjoy the
confidence of the popularlyelected House and can be
removed by a simple majority of
the House through a motion of
no-confidence.
Move, Move and Move is the
mantra as inactivity is more
deadly than obesity: IMA
New Delhi: As per IMA recommendation just a
little bit of exercise, such as 20 minutes walking a
day, is extremely beneficial regardless of whether
people are overweight/obese or not. Twice as many
premature deaths can be attributable to lack of
physical activity compared with the number of
deaths attributable to obesity. In a joint statement
Padma Shri Awardee Dr A Marthanda Pillai
National President and Padma Shri Awardee Prof
Dr K K Aggarwal, Secretary general IMA and
President Heart Care Foundation of India said that
inactivity is defined as having a sedentary job with
no reported recreational physical activity.
A recent study published online January 14 in the
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition also has
shown that just a small amount of physical activity
each day could have substantial health benefits for
people who are physically inactive. “Although we
found that just 20 minutes would make a difference, we should really be looking to do more than
this — physical activity has many proven health
benefits and should be an important part of our
daily life,” added the experts.
IMA recommendations
1. Take the lift from first floor and not ground
floor if you need to go higher up
2. Park or take your car or any other vehicle few
minutes distance away from the destination
3. Use the land phones at home so that you need to
walk a little bit before you take the call
4. Try to use remote control of TV less often.
5. When receiving a mobile call, get up and walk.
6. While watching TV sit and bike on a stationary
cycle. It will also add to the exercise.
7. Instead of luncheon meetings believe in walk on
(while walking) meetings.
8. Keep a count and try to achieve walking 10,000
steps in a day.
9. When eating in a party, stand as far away from
the servings table as far as possible. You will get a
chance for a good walk and you will also eat less.
10. Always get up and receive and drop the guests
as a routine. This is good courtesy and also will
give an opportunity for a little bit of walk.
The
President
said
the
Parliament’s role in policy articulation, its implementation and
oversight is critical. It is, therefore, incumbent on the Members
of the Parliament to discuss and
undertake adequate scrutiny of
all business transacted in the
House. Unfortunately, the time
devoted by the Members in
Parliament has been gradually declining. The first three
Lok Sabhas had 677, 581
and 578 sittings, respectively. Compared to that, the
13th, 14th and 15th Lok
Sabhas had 356, 332 and 357
sittings, respectively. We all
should hope that the 16th
Lok Sabha reverses this
trend. The President said
there is a growing tendency
to resort to disruption as a
means of Parliamentary
intervention. Dissent is a recognized democratic expression, but disruption leads to
loss of time and resources,
and paralyzes policy formulation. The cardinal principle
of Parliamentary Democracy
is that the majority has the
mandate to rule while opposition
has the right to oppose, expose,
and if the numbers permit, to
depose. But, under no circumstances should there be disruption of the proceedings. A noisy
minority cannot be allowed to
gag a patient majority. The
President said to meet certain
exigencies and under compelling
circumstances, the framers of the
Constitution deemed it necessary
to confer limited legislative
power upon the Executive by
way of promulgation of
Ordinances when the legislature
is not in session and circumstances justified immediate legislation. The framers also
deemed it necessary to impose
certain restrictions on this
extraordinary legislative power
by constitutionally mandating
replacement of such Ordinances
within a timeframe by the legislators. Article 123 (2) provides
that an ordinance must be
replaced by a law not later than
six weeks from the re-assembly
of the two Houses. Article 85 further provides that six months
shall not intervene between the
last sitting of one session and the
first sitting of the next session.
The President said India’s diversity and the magnitude of its
problems require that the
Parliament becomes a more
effective platform to build consensus on public policies and a
bulwark of our democratic
ideals. The proceedings in
Parliament must be conducted in
a spirit of cooperation, harmony
and purpose. The content and
quality of debates should be of a
high order. Maintenance of discipline and decorum in the House
and observance of etiquette and
decency are necessary. The
President
cautioned
the
Parliament to not yield its space
for legislating and policymaking
to mass mobilization and streetprotests, for that may not always
provide considered solutions to
our problems. To retain the trust
and faith of the people, the
Parliament must enact laws to
put in place policies that address
the concerns and aspirations of
the people.
India Signs MoU with South Africa
for Developing Youth Enterprises
NSIC a public sector enterprise under the Ministry
of MSME, Government of India signed an MoU of
Cooperation with Black Business Council (BBC)
of South Africa for developing youth owned enterprises in South Africa in the presence of Shri Kalraj
Mishra, Minister of Micro, Small & Medium
Enterprises in South Africa today. The MoU,
besides cooperation in MSME sector, also focuses
on BBC’s efforts to economically empower the
marginalized group in South Africa
through NSIC’s Rapid Incubation
Programme. BBC plans to establish
five such Rapid Incubation Centres
in South Africa in cooperation with
NSIC. On the occasion Shri Kalraj
Mishra said that the signing of MoU
between the two organizations will
further strengthen our commitment
to cooperate with South Africa in
developing MSMEs in the country
thus, be partner in economic transformation of South Africa. While
addressing the Conference on
Cooperation in MSME Sector
organized by NSIC and the High
Commission of India in cooperation
with Black Business Council, South
Africa Shri Kalraj Mishra said that it would not
have been more opportune time for me to be here,
when India is celebrating the 100th year of return
of Mahatma Gandhi to India from South Africa. It
is my privilege to be in a nation from where
Mahatma Gandhi gave the world Mantra of Nonviolence. I must commend the organizers for their
efforts in organizing this event and thereby providing a platform for the enterprises of India and
South Africa to explore opportunities for collaborations especially in areas like technology and investment. I would also like to thank the Government of
South Africa for inviting us here. India-South
Africa cooperation is about sharing knowledge and
expertise, exchange of best practices, supporting
innovation and building capacity and skills. That is
the objective of this Conference and also the
Memorandum of Understanding being signed
today between National Small Industries
Corporation (NSIC) and Black Business Council
of South Africa for promoting cooperation in the
field of MSMEs. We believe that these two nations
have great prospects for synergizing their complementarities in areas of industry, services, trade and
technology especially in the field of Micro, small
and medium enterprises (MSMEs). Coming to the
MSME sector, I would like to stress that these
dominate the industrial landscape of India.
MSMEs number about 44 million units and provides employment to some 80 million people. They
also contribute 45% of manufacturing output and
over 40% of India’s aggregate exports. With the
spectacular growth being maintained by MSME
sector in the overall manufacturing output of the
country, we are focusing on maintaining the
growth of this sector which is a very important
constituent of Indian economy. MSMEs will play
an important role in realizing Prime Minister Shri
Narendra Modi’s vision of “Make in India” i.e to
make India a manufacturing hub with zero defect
products and zero effect on environment policy.
With South Africa, although our political relations
are warm and friendly, economic ties have to be
further nurtured to emerge stronger, given the
geostrategic position of both countries. South
Africa as a member of SADC can be a good partner
for Indian businesses. Its manufacturing and technical capabilities make it a good springboard for
doing business in Africa. Similarly,
India offers South African companies
an excellent location for addressing
the huge domestic Indian market as
well as the wider Asian market. Some
other sectors of bilateral cooperation
that we are highlighting include Auto
Component industry, Machine Tools
industry, Leather and Leather Goods,
Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals, Fruit
and Food processing and Textiles,
among others. These are the industries
where Indian companies especially
SMEs have been performing well and
have made their presence felt on the
global marketplace. I would urge
South African companies to examine
the opportunities in these and other
sectors closely to reveal the underlying synergies
of both countries. I believe that there is still much
untapped potential that can be leveraged by
MSMEs of both countries. Only a small fraction of
MSMEs are aware of bilateral business opportunities and have the skill, risk appetite and resources
to address these opportunities. We need to comprehensively build linkages among small enterprises
of both nations and interaction can go down to the
next level. In today’s technologically connected
and digitally linked world, this task has become
easier. E-commerce and online businesses are
emerging in a major way and I would not be surprised if down the road, e-businesses became as
important as brick and mortar enterprises.
www.focusnewsin
8
FOCUS NEWS
NEW DELHI TUESDAY 20-26 JANUARY-2015
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