I. A. OLIVER. MOTOR CYCLE ‘SADDLE. APPLICATION FILED JULYZS. 1913. 1,153,817. Patented Sept. 14, 1915. , Z SHEETS~SHEET 1. I. A. OLIVER. MOTOR CYCLE SADDLE. APPLICATION FILED JULY 29. 1913. 1,153,817. PatentedSept.14, 1915. 2 SHEETS-SHEET 2. .29 gj'uuauto'z [M27656 F6 2: v q/vgbngoogo P Q COLUMBIA PLANOGRAPH COqWASNING'I'ON; D. C. are FATEN i. ‘ IMMANUEL ALVIN OLIVER, OF EDEN VALE, CALIFORNIA. MOTOR-CYCLE SADDLE. 1,153,817. Speci?cation of Letters Patent. Application ?led July 29, 1913. To all whom it may concern .' Patented Sept. 14, 1915. Serial No. 781,762. ' ‘With these and other objects in view, my Be it known that I, IMMANUEL A. OLIVER, invention will be more fully described, illus citizen 'of the United States, residing at trated in the accompanying drawings, and Eden Vale, in the county of Santa Clara ‘then specifically pointed out in the claims and State of California, have invented cer tain new and useful Improvements in M0 tor-Cycle Saddles, of which the following is a speci?cation. My invention relates to new and useful 60 which are attached to and form a part of this application. In the drawings: Figure 1 is a perspective view of my improved saddle frame, the sad dle not being shown; Fig. 2 is a side eleva improvements in frames for bicycle saddles tional view of the saddle frame and saddle .65 and more particularly to frames for the showing the manner of attaching the latter saddles of motorcycles, the object of my in to the frame; Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional vention being to provide a frame which will view on the line 3——3 of Fig. 2, the saddle yieldably support the saddle for longitudi 15 again being omitted to permit a more com 70 nal movement with respect to the bicycle -plete showing of the frame construction; frame while at the same time cushioning Fig. 4 is a fragmentary sectional view, show and limiting such movement. ' ing the manner of pivotally connecting said It is a well known fact that in addition to parts of the saddle frame together. the shock tending to throw a rider forward Corresponding and like parts are referred 75 20 or backward, due to the sudden stopping or to in the following description and indi— starting of a motorcycle or sudden changes ' cated in all the views of the drawings by in speed, there is, at all times, when the mo the same reference characters. tor is running, a constant forward and back The preferred embodiment of my inven wardreciproca-tory vibration of the frame. tion, as illustrated in the drawings and as 80 25 Although the shock due to the sudden previously set forth, includes a frame 10 changing of the speed is the greater this adapted for rigid attachment to the seat latter shock or vibration, due to the fact that post of a motorcycle and a second frame 11 it is continuous, is far more disagreeable. mounted for forward and rearward swing~ It will be readily apparent that if the rider’s ing movement upon the ?rst frame and 85 30 35 seat of the motorcycle is mounted for limi ted and cushioned longitudinal movement forward and backward, all this shock and vibration will be taken up by the saddle frame and will not be transmitted to the rider and the object of this invention is to provide a saddle frame which will have this cushioning effect. A still further object of the invention is to provide a saddle frame including a ?xed frame member straddling the frame of the 45 adapted to receive and support the saddle proper. The ?rst of these frames includes a pair of substantially U-shaped members 12 and 13, each formed from a single bar of metal of sufficient strength to properly support the 90 saddle and preferably resilient to more ef— fectually cushion the same. Each of these frames has its bight portion offset to lie in a plane parallel to but spaced from the plane of the free end portions, the intermediate bicycle proper and extending considerably portion connecting ‘one of the free end por~ below the saddle post and a second saddle tions and the bight portion being curved in carrying frame swingingly mounted upon wardly and rearwardly and then upwardly the fixed frame for longitudinal movement, to the bight portion. while that portion of springs or other suitable cushioning ele the opposite side of the frame is curved di ments being applied to limit and cushion rectly upwardlv'and inwardly to the bight such movement. And a still further object portion. As clearly seen by referring to 95 100 of my invention is to so arrange this second 50 Fig. 1 these two members 12 and 13 are or movable frame that the bicycle saddle of symmetrically formed and those side por conventional construction and employing the usual springs for cushioning the saddle against vertical vibration maybe attached thereto without structural changes and in frame is assembledpform the rear portion of the frame, are connected by an arcuate brace or arch 1.4 in such a manner that the such a way that the vertical cushioning bight portions of the frame members 12 and springs are in no way affected in their operas 13 eXtend tion. other, whlie the end portions depend vertiev . 105 tions of said members which, .when the parallel spaced relation to each 110 1,153,817 2 cally in spaced relation. The brace 14 may post of the motorcycle. It will further be I be secured to the under faces of the members apparent that due to the downwardly di 12 and 13 by rivets 15. or any other suitable rected terminals of the U - shaped frame members 12 and 13, the side bars 21 will be . A U-shaped spring band 16 has its ends supported at substantiallythe same level as bent inwardly slightly to seat between the the ‘upper end of the seat post and that for intermediate parts of the bight portions of this reasonthe saddle, which is attachedto the frame members 12 and 13 and said end the side-bars, as will be later explained, is portions are perforated as are the frame not unduly raised with respect to the bicycle type of fastening. CH members to receive a bolt 17 threaded to re ceive a clamping nut 18.v This clamping 10 frame. ' - . 70 75. _ In order to cushion the swinging move band is adapted for engagement about the ment of theseside bars and also limit‘ the laterally directed terminal of a conventional same, I provide each side bar with a guide i motorcycle seat post and when in place the rod 30, one endof which is flattened and. ' 15' frame members 12 and 13 are clamped to the perforated to form an eye 31 to receive the‘ 80 seat post by proper tightening of the nut 18, - bolt 29 passed through the‘inwa'rdly offset .the fact that the frame members 12 and 13 portion of its side bar and secured in place , are of resilient metal, together with the fact that their forward portions are unconnected readily permitting the drawing together of 20 by a nut 29.”. The opposite end of each guide rod extends throughthe aperture 20 ~ of the car 19 and is threaded to receive a nut 85 The brace or 34:. The forward ends of these guide rods arch 1% is provided adjacent either end with adjacent their eyes are laterally o?set as V the band about the seat post. rearwardly and upwardly directed ears 19 shown at 35 to abut against the adjacent in apertured as at 20 and the purpose of which wardly extending portions of the side bars 21 and helical'compression springs 36 sur which will be hereinafter explained. 90 round the guide rods bearing between said member 11 includes side bars 21 which are offset portions and the cars 19. A second symmetrically formed including a straight pair of vhelical compression springs 37 also intermediate body portion having downi surround the guide rods bearing between the V The second or saddle carrying frame _ .wardly inclined rear end portions 22 per cars 19 and the nuts, 34. 7 ‘It will be seen that the springs 36 cushion the forwardfmove later. clear and having their forward end ment of the side bars, while the springs 37 , portions offset inwardly as at24r and then cushion, the rearward movement, both forated as at 23 for a reasonv which will be extended in a curve forwardly and inwardly springs being normally under considerable as at 25, said forwardly and inwardly tension. The tension of the springs may be 100 curved end portions being perforated at 26 readily varied at will by proper adjustment . and terminating in slightly spaced relation of the nuts 34:. Referring more specifically to Fig. 2 of to each other. Pivoted to the inwardly off Pp. O set, portions oflthese side bars are links 27, the drawingsin which 38 indicates a con- ' while pivotally connected to the side bars ventional form of motorcycle saddle hav 105 adjacent their downwardly inclined rear ing a saddle frame proper 39, it will be seen ends are links 28. The lower or free ends that said saddle is secured to my improved ‘of-the links 27 are pivotally connected to saddle supporting frame by passing the for the lower ends of the forward side portions ward portion of the saddle frame proper of the U-shaped' members 12 and 13 of the 39 through the perforations 26 of the for 110 framemember 10, while the lower free ends ward ends of the side bars 21 and by secur ofthe links 28 are‘ similarly connected to the ing the conventional guide rods 410 carry free endsof the other side members. of said ing the compression springs 41 and 4-2 which frames.‘ These links are preferably piv cushion the saddleagainst vertical move— to otally attached by bolts 29 of suitable ment to the rear ends of the side bars 21, 115 strength. to support the saddle and rider. this latter attachment. being, accomplished The bolt receiving bores and the links are by means of collars 4-3 surrounding the made su?iciently large .to permit the em guide rods and having threaded studs passed ployment of a bushing'29’ about the shank through the perforations 23 to receive 55 of‘thebolt and the bolts are not only thread ed into the U-shaped members 12 and 13 or clamping nuts. By this means a motor 120 cycle saddle of conventional type, together side bars=21,-but are furtherlocke'd in place with its usual springs, may be readily at tached to my improved supporting frame I From the‘foregoing description it will be in such a manner that the action "of the by nuts 29.”60 apparent that the side members or- bars 21 of. the frame member 11 are mounted for springs ‘of the saddle proper is in no way 12:; interfered with. » r . The ‘saddle, when mountedupon the sup swinging with respect to the frame member porting frame as shown in Fig. 2, is cush 10, which latter member‘, as previously set ioned against vertical vibrations'by" the forth,‘ is in use rigidly attached ‘to the seat usual springs‘ All and 42 and its vertical forward and rearward or ' longitudinal 130 I 7 1,153,817 a»: movement limited thereby, while at the downwardly depending spaced arms, par same time the saddle is free for ‘limited for ward and rearward movement with respect j. .i C11 allel side bars adapted for attachment to a saddle, links pivotally connected by their to the seat post and consequently the frame upper ends to the side bars and by their of the motorcycle, this latter movement be lower ends to the lower ends of the arms, ing cushioned by the springs 36 and 37.’ and cushion means for limiting the swing— By attaching the movable frame member, ing movement of said links. ll‘v to the lower ends‘ of the frame members 6. A motorcycle saddle frame including 12 and 13, the center of gravity of the sad U-shaped frame members having their bight dle and ‘its load is lowered and the safety ‘ portions offset laterally toward each other to of the seat insured. extend in spaced relation and their side por It will of course be understood that vari tions directed downwardly, brace connect ous changes in construction may be made ing adjacent side portions and provided at any time, if desired, within the scope of with upwardly directed perforated ears, the appended claims, without in the slight links pivotally connected to the free ends est degree departing from the spirit of my of the downwardly directed sides of the 70 80 invention, the drawings and description frame members and extending upwardly 25 thereof herein contained illustrating and therefrom, side bars pivotallyconnected to explaining merely the preferred embodi the upper ends of said links and extending ment of my invention such as constitutes a in spaced relation, guide rods swingingly se disclosure of the principle involved. ' cured to the side bars and extending through Having thus described the invention, what - the perforations of the ears, nuts threaded is claimed as new is: upon the ends of said guide rods, and heli 1. A motorcycle saddle frame includingr cal compression springs surrounding the a frame member adapted for rigid attach guide rods between the nuts and ears and ment to a seat post, a second frame member 36 85 90 between the ears and side bars. adapted for attachment to a saddle, said 7. A motorcycle saddle frame including a second frame being secured to the first for frame member adapted for rigidvattachment longitudinal movement with respect thereto, to a seat post and having pairs of down and adjustable means for limiting said wardly depending spaced arms, parallel side ' movement. bars adapted for attachment to a saddle, $5 2. A motorcycle saddle frame including and links pivotally connected by their upper a frame member adapted for rigid attach ment to a seat post, a second frame member 35 ends to the side bars and by their lower ends to the lower ends of the arms. adapted for attachment to a saddle, said 8. A motorcycle saddle frame including a second frame being secured to the ?rst for frame member adapted for rigid attachment longitudinal movement with respect thereto, ' to a seat post and having pairs of down and adjustable means for cushioning said wardly depending spaced arms, parallel side movement. bars adapted for attachment to a saddle, 3. A motorcycle saddle frame including links pivotally connected by their upper a frame member adapted for rigid attach ment to a seat post, a second frame member 100 105 ends to the side bars and by their lower ends to the lower ends of the arms, and means for adapted for attachment to a saddle, said limiting the swinging movement of said second frame being secured to the ?rst for links. longitudinal movement with respect thereto, 55 60 65 9. A motorcycle saddle frame including _ and adjustable means for limiting and cush Ushaped frame members, a brace connect ioning said movement. ing one leg of one frame member to the cor 4. A motorcycle saddle frame including responding leg of the other to hold them a frame member adapted for‘rigid attach in spaced relation, the other legs being free ment to a seat post, a second frame member of attachment, a seat post engaging clamp adapted for attachment to a saddle, said carried by the bight portions of such frame second frame being secured to the first for members, side bars adapted for attachment longitudinal movement with respect thereto, to a saddle, and links swingingly connect and adjustable means for limiting and cush ing the side bars with the free ends of the ioning said movement, said means including ?rst frame members. guide rods pivoted to one of the frames and 10. A motorcycle saddle frame including movable through perforated ears carried by U-shaped frame members, a brace connect the other frame, nuts threaded upon the ing one leg of one frame member to the ends of said guide rods, and compression corresponding leg of the other to hold them springs surrounding the guide rods and in spaced relation, the other legs being free bearing between the iirst frameyand second of attachment, a seat post engaging clamp frame and between the ?rst frame and nuts. carried by the bight portions of such frame 5. A motorcycle saddle frame including members, side bars adapted for attachment a frame member adapted for rigid attach to a saddle, links swingingly connecting the ment to a seat post and having pairs of side bars with the free ends of the first 115 120 125 30 4: frame-members, and cushioning means lim- ' other tohclampthehband,about a saddle 20. iting the swinging of the side bars with re post, .and a; saddle supporting second frame spect to the ?rst irame members. ' 11. A motorcycle saddle frame including ~ swingingly supported uponvthe ?rst frame 12 .A- motorcycle saddle frame including tions directed downwardly, a brace connect lel side bars adapted for attachment'ito a a frame member adapted for rigid attach-i U~shaped frame members having their bight ment to a seatrpost and havingpairsof 25 portions offset laterally toward each other to downwardlydepending spaced arms, paral-' extend in spaced relation and their side por 15 :ing a pair of adjacent side portions, vthe saddle, links p-ivotally connected by their other pair being free of attachment, where upperiendstogthe sidebars and‘by their by the bight portions may be sprung toward lower ends to the lower ends of the arms, w and‘ away from each other, a U-shaped and means for cushioning the movement of ' _ spring band having its end portions inserted said links.v In: testimony whereof I my signature betweenthe intermediate parts of the bight . portions, a clamping bolt passed through in presenceoi' two witnesses. ‘ : IMMAN-UEL ALVIN OLIVER. such parts of the bight portions and the ends Witnesses: of the band, a clamping nut on the bolt to J NO. LOGAN, springlthe side portions toward each other and draw theends of the band toward each J. W; GOULD. Copies of this patent may be obtained for ?ve cents each, by addressing the “ Commissioner ‘of, Patents, Washington, D. 0.7,"
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