School Activity Packs visiting the MonuMent

School Activity Packs
You can print copies of these packs, for use with your group before or after
visiting The Monument ➞
Activity Pack 1
The National
Wallace Monument
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
Including  Scottish and English soldiers
 The characters of the battle
 Exclusive reports from the battle
 William Wallace - facts and figures
N
Abbey
Craig
Stirling
Castle
Education Pack 1 produced by The National Wallace Monument
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
◆
Mark on this map the locations of • Abbey Craig
• Stirling Castle
• River Forth
• Stirling Bridge
• English Army • Scottish Army
◆
Why do you think it is important to mark the marsh on the map?
◆
Colour in the map appropriately.
1
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
What advantages would the English bowman
have over the Scottish bowman?
Scottish Soldier
English Soldier
2
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
Below is a picture of a typical Scottish soldier dressed
for the Battle of Stirling Bridge.
• Label the different parts of his clothing and weaponry
• Research the colours of his clothing and then colour him in.
3
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
Below is a picture of a typical English soldier dressed
for the Battle of Stirling Bridge.
• Label the different parts of his clothing and weaponry
• Research the colours of his clothing and then colour him in.
4
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
Below each picture, make a list of how many soldiers and horses
each army had. Remember to include the different kinds of soldiers.
For example foot soldiers, cavalry, bowmen.
Scottish Soldier
English Soldier
• In total, how many fought to support Scotland?
• In total, how many fought to support England?
• Were all the soldiers armoured? Yes
No
What was the reason for this?
• Which army would have been expected to win the Battle?
What were your reasons for this?
5
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
• Do you know who’s who at the Battle of Stirling Bridge?
Complete either the portrait or the name of the character - some of the
clues may help you!.
Scotland’s
Freedom Fighter
Leader of the
English Army
The Scottish hero
who died shortly
after victory
The English knight
who died at Stirling
Bridge - legend has it that
Wallace stripped his skin and
wound it round the handle of
his mighty sword
Scotland’s
Exiled King
‘The hammer of
the Scots’
6
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
Imagine you are a soldier watching the Battle take place. It is your job
to write a newspaper report about what you observed. Remember to add
illustrations.
AND
Win FREE
tickets for
The National
Wallace
Monument
see page 7
CHAMPION OF SCOTL
s
w
e
N
y
l
i
a
D
h
s
i
t
Scot
City Edition
N E S S AC C O U NT
IT
W
E
Y
E
E
IV
S
U
L
A S O L D IE R ’S E X C
THE BATTLE
G
N
I
L
R
I
T
S
F
O
BRIDGE
You can use a newspaper
format like the one
included in this pack, with
picture space and columns
7
The Battle of Stirling Bridge
Around this picture of William Wallace collect as many facts as you
can about his life.
• What qualities do you think he had that made him a great leader?
8
Win FREE
tickets for
The National
Wallace
Monument
see page 7
CHAMPION OF SCOTLAND
Scottish Daily News
City Edition
A SOLDIER’S EXCLUSIVE EYE WITNESS ACCOUNT
THE BATTLE
OF STIRLING
BRIDGE
Activity Pack 2
The National
Wallace Monument
Heraldry and Armour
Including  Coats of Arms
 The Wallace Sword
 Arms and Weaponry
 Squires, Knights and Tournaments
Education Pack 2 produced by The National Wallace Monument
Heraldry and Armour
Coats of Arms
◆
What do you think this coat of arms says
about William Wallace?
◆
Can you research the coat of arms of another person at the
Battle of Stirling Bridge such as Andrew de Moray or King Edward 1
and record it below?
◆
◆
What do you think this saying about him?
Research and find out if your town, school or region has a coat
of arms - many do. What does it say about the place it represents?
1
Heraldry and Armour
Design your own coat of arms for yourself.
Think about what you want it to say about yourself. Consider your
hobbies, favourite pastimes, pets or family.
Write about your choices and the reason you have chosen this coat
of arms.
2
Design & Technology
The Wallace Sword
Design brief - to make a lifesize replica of Wallace’s sword
using available classroom materials.
Points to remember - the actual length of the sword
the actual length of the blade
The sword is double-handed
Other
considerations - when the sword was being restored in 1505
by King James IV, he ordered that...
.... the sword be
restored to a style
more fitting to
Scotland’s
National Hero.
◆
What plans would you submit to
King James IV to meet his order?
3
Arms & Weaponry
These are a variety of weapons used during the time of Wallace
and Bruce. Describe how they may be used.
• Crossbow
• Longbow
• Slings
• Lances
• Boiling water, tar (pitch)
◆
Known as King Edward’s
“War Wolf” how do you
think this weapon was used?
The Mangonel
◆
In what type of battle situation do you think this would be effective?
◆
Why was this not used by the English at the Battle of Stirling Bridge?
◆
Wallace fought using ‘Guerilla tactics’. What does this mean?
4
Time Traveller’s Name:
A Squire
When John was fourteen years old, he became a squire. He began training
to be a knight. He helped Sir David, the knight. He looked after his armour
and helped him to put it on. He learned how to ride one-handed, to keep his
weapon arm free. Sir David, the knight, taught him how to fight with
a sword and a lance.
1. What age was John when he became a squire?
2. What is a squire?
3. What did the squire help the knight to do?
4. Why did John have to learn to ride with one hand?
5. Name two weapons John learned to use?
6. Do you think John would have been allowed to use these weapons
straight away?
7. What would he have used to learn with?
5
Time Traveller’s Name:
Becoming a Knight
John is very excited, because he is twenty-one and his squire training
is finished. He is going to be a knight.
First, he will spend the whole night praying for God to help him
be a good Knight. He will not eat or sleep all night.
Next morning, he will go to the Great Hall, and a squire will help
him dress in his new armour.
Sir David comes into the Great Hall and John
kneels down in front of him. Sir David touches
him gently on the shoulders with the flat of
the sword pronouncing, “I dub thee a knight.
Arise Sir John!”
Use the storyboard sheet to retell the story in four parts.
1. John’s 21st birthday. How is he feeling, and what is he saying?
2. John is praying all night in the church. What is he thinking?
3. John is in the Great Hall with his squire. What is he wearing?
4. Sir David makes him a knight. What does John do? What does he say?
6
Time Traveller’s Name:
Storyboard sheet
Retell the story in four parts
7
Time Traveller’s Name:
Armour
Match the items of armour with the correct names, by drawing lines
to connect them.
• Helmet
• Body Armour
• Sword
• Lance
• Shield
• Dagger
• Axe
8
Time Traveller’s Name:
A Knight in Battle
Before going into battle or taking part in a tournament or jous
joust,, the squire
would help the knight to put on his armour.
Carefully draw and label each feature (Underlined above).
9
Time Traveller’s Name:
A Knightʼs Horse
The most important thing to a knight was his horse.
Why would his horse be the most important thing to him?
Like the knight, the horse was also protected by armour
Why would the horse need armour?
Colour your armoured horse
10
Heraldry and Armour
A Knight and his Armour
INSTRUCTIONS
Glue onto light card, then cut out the
figure on the stand and base support.
Cut along dotted lines at points B/B.
Fold support at point A.
Woolen
Shirt
Slot support through points B/B
in figure stand.
Carefully cut around the clothes on the
following page including folding tabs.
Breeches
Linen
Stockings
FIGURE STAND
B
A
B
BASE SUPPORT
A
11
Heraldry and Armour
A Knight and his Armour
Padded Cap
Coif
Helmet
Hauberk
Aketon
12
Heraldry and Armour
A Knight and his Armour
Surcoat
Chausses
Sword and Shield
13
Heraldry and Armour
A Knight and his Armour
INSTRUCTIONS
Glue onto light card, then cut
out the figure on the stand and
base support. Fold along dotted
lines.
Make a spear from a wooden
barbecue skewer.
Attach paper spearhead.
Cut out a pennant and attach
to shaft.
14
Time Traveller’s Name:
Tournaments
As well as fighting in battles, knights liked to take part in games too. These
fighting games were called TOURNAMENTS, which were very rough and
dangerous.
Each knight would have all his armour on, and would use a long lance. They
would charge at each other on their horses and try to hit each other with
their lances.
Points were gained for hitting each other, and if his lance hit the helmet of the
other knight, he gained a lot of points. Points were lost if he hit the horse.
As the lances broke easily, and because the knight’s armour was so heavy, when
he fell off the horse he found it very difficult to remount. These games would
never last too long.
The name given to this game was a JOUST.
Look at your picture of a joust on page 16.
The wooden fence between the two knights was called a TILT.
What do you think it was for?
Why do you think the knight had such a high back on his saddle?
15
The Joust
16
Time Traveller’s Name:
A Knightʼs Lady
Ladies often watched knights fighting in tournament.
Sometimes a lady gave something like a glove, scarf
or ribbon to her favourite knight.
He took this into the joust with him.
Make this model of the lady and colour her clothes
which are on the following sheet.
17
Time Traveller’s Name:
A Knightʼs Lady
Necklace
Head-dresses
Dress
Butterfly
Find out what other clothes they may have worn.
18
Time Traveller’s Name:
Are you fit enough?
Discuss
What kind of exercises would a knight have to do?
Think of things you do in the gym.
How would these help a knight?
What part of your body do they help/strengthen?
What skills do they make you better at?
Unjumble these exercises
Name of exercise
Part of the body which
it helps/strengthen
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19
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