# Reteach 4-4 Geometry

```Name ________________________________________ Date __________________ Class__________________
LESSON
4-4
Reteach
Triangle Congruence: SSS and SAS
Side-Side-Side (SSS) Congruence Postulate
If three sides of one triangle are congruent to three sides
of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent.
QR ≅ TU , RP ≅ US, and PQ ≅ ST , so UPQR ≅ USTU.
You can use SSS to explain why UFJH ≅ UFGH.
It is given that FJ ≅ FG and that JH ≅ GH. By the Reflex.
Prop. of ≅, FH ≅ FH . So UFJH ≅ UFGH by SSS.
Side-Angle-Side (SAS) Congruence Postulate
If two sides and the included angle of one triangle are congruent to two sides and the
included angle of another triangle, then the triangles are congruent.
∠N is the included angle
of LN and NM.
∠K is the included
angle of HK and KJ .
Use SSS to explain why the triangles in each pair are congruent.
1. UJKM ≅ ULKM
2. UABC ≅ UCDA
_________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________
3. Use SAS to explain why UWXY ≅ UWZY.
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
_________________________________________
Original content Copyright © by Holt McDougal. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.
4-30
Holt Geometry
Name ________________________________________ Date __________________ Class__________________
LESSON
4-4
Reteach
Triangle Congruence: SSS and SAS continued
You can show that two triangles are congruent by using SSS and SAS.
Show that UJKL ≅ UFGH for y = 7.
HG = y + 6
= 7 + 6 = 13
m∠G = 5y + 5
FG = 4y − 1
= 5(7) + 5 = 40°
= 4(7) − 1 = 27
HG = LK = 13, so HG ≅ LK by def. of ≅ segs. m∠G = 40°,
so ∠G ≅ ∠K by def. of ≅ ∠s FG = JK = 27, so FG ≅ JK
by def. of ≅ segs. Therefore UJKL ≅ UFGH by SAS.
Show that the triangles are congruent for the given value of the variable.
4. UBCD ≅ UFGH, x = 6
5. UPQR ≅ UVWX, n = 3
_________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________
_________________________________________
________________________________________
6. Complete the proof.
Given: T is the midpoint of VS .
RT ⊥ VS
Prove: URST ≅ URVT
Statements
Reasons
1. T is the midpoint of VS.
1. Given
2. a. ___________________________
2. Def. of mdpt.
3. RT ⊥ VS
3. b. ___________________________
4. _____________________________
4. c. ___________________________
5. d. ___________________________
5. Rt. ∠ ≅ Thm.
6. RT ≅ RT
6. e. ___________________________
7. URST ≅ URVT
7. f. ___________________________
Original content Copyright © by Holt McDougal. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.
4-31
Holt Geometry
7. C
Practice C
1. any side length
1. ∠O does because they both have two
arcs.
2. lengths of two adjacent sides
2. It is side NO because both sides have
three tick marks.
4. any angle measure and the lengths of
3. ∠OMN
4. ∠N
5. NO
6. OM
5. Yes; possible answer: The diagonal is the
hypotenuse of an isosceles right triangle.
The length of one side can be found by
using the Pythagorean Theorem, and
knowing one side is enough to draw a
specific square.
3. any angle measure and any side length
7. UMNP ≅ UTRS
8. Corresponding angles of congruent
triangles have the same measure, and
the order of the letters indicates which
angles are congruent.
6. 540 ft2
7. Possible answer: It is given that BA ≅ BC
7. JI ; HI ; JH ; SSS
and BE ≅ BF , so by the definition of
congruent segments, BA = BC and BE =
BF. Adding these together gives BA + BE
= BC + BF, and from the figure and the
Segment Addition Postulate, AE = BA +
BE and CF = BC + BF. It is clear by the
Transitive Property that AE = CF, hence
AE ≅ CF by the definition of ≅ segments.
8.
It is given that GF ≅ DE and the Reflexive
LESSON 4-4
Practice A
1. ∠P
2. ∠R
3. ∠Q
4. SSS
5. SAS
6. ∠G ; ∠I ; SAS
Statements
Property shows that FE ≅ FE. So by the
Reasons
1. a. BA ≅ BD, BE ≅ BC
1. Given
2. b. ∠ABE ≅ ∠DBC
2. Vert. ∠s Thm.
3. UABE ≅ UDBC
3. c. SAS
Common Segments Theorem, GE ≅ DF .
The final pair of sides is given congruent,
so UAEG ≅ UCFD by the Side-Side-Side
Congruence Postulate.
Reteach
Practice B
1. neither
2. SAS
3. neither
4. SSS
5. 1.8
6. 17
1. It is given that JK ≅ LK and that
JM ≅ LM. By the Reflex. Prop. of ≅,
KM ≅ KM. So UJKM ≅ ULKM by SSS.
2. It is given that AB ≅ CD and that
Statements
1. C is the midpoint of AD
and BE .
2. AC = CD, BC = CE
AC ≅ AC. So UABC ≅ UCDA by SSS.
3. It is given that ZW ≅ XW and that ∠ZWY
≅ ∠XWY. By the Reflex. Prop. of ≅,
WY ≅ WY . So UWXY ≅ UWZY by SAS.
2. Def. of mdpt.
4. ∠ACB ≅ ∠DCE
3. Def. of ≅
segs.
4. Vert. ∠s Thm.
5. UABC ≅ UDEC
5. SAS
3. AC ≅ CD , BC ≅ CE
AD ≅ CB. By the Reflex. Prop. of ≅,
Reasons
1. Given
4. BD = FH = 6, so BD ≅ FH by def. of ≅
segs. BC = FG = 8, so BC ≅ FG by def.
of ≅ segs. CD = GH = 9, so CD ≅ GH by
Original content Copyright © by Holt McDougal. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.
A34
Holt Geometry
def. of ≅ segs. Therefore UBCD ≅ U
FGH by SSS.
2.
Statements
5. PR = VX = 17, so PR ≅ VX by def. of ≅
segs. m∠P = m∠V = 113°, so ∠P ≅ ∠V
by def. of ≅ ∠s . PQ = VW = 21, so
PQ ≅ VW by def. of ≅ segs. Therefore
UPQR ≅ UVWX by SAS.
Statements
Reasons
1. T is the midpoint of VS.
1. Given
2. a. VT ≅ ST
2. Def. of mdpt.
3. RT ⊥ VS
3. b. Given
6. RT ≅ RT
6. e. Reflex. Prop. of ≅
7. URST ≅ URVT
7. f. SAS
2. Def. of ≅
segments
4. LK + KJ = HJ + KJ
3. Reflex. Prop. of =
5. LK + KJ = LJ,
HJ + KJ = HK
6. LJ = HK
6. Subst.
7. LJ ≅ HK
7. Def. of ≅
segments
8. Given
supplementary;
9. Linear Pair Thm.
∠GJH and ∠GJK
10. Congruent
are supplementary.
Supplements Thm.
10. ∠GKJ ≅ ∠GJK
11. SAS (Steps
11. UGLJ ≅ UGHK
1, 7, 10)
Problem Solving
Challenge
1. We know that AB ≅ DC . ∠ADC and
∠DAB are right angles, so ∠ADC ≅ ∠DAB
by Rt. ∠ ≅ Thm. AD ≅ DA by Reflex.
Prop. of ≅. So UABD ≅ UDCA by SAS.
1.
Statements
2. LK = HJ, GK = GJ
9. ∠GKL and ∠GKJ are
∠s
5. Rt. ∠ ≅ Thm.
1. Given
8. ∠GKL ≅ ∠GJH
4. ∠RTV and ∠RTS are rt. 4. c. Def. of ⊥ lines
5. d. ∠RTV ≅ ∠RTS
1. LK ≅ HJ ,GK ≅ GJ
3. KJ = KJ
6.
Reasons
Reasons
1. CE ≅ BE, EA ≅ ED, DC ≅ AB
1. Given
2. CE = BE, EA = ED, DC = AB
2. Def. of ≅
segments
3. CE + EA = BE + ED
=
4. CE + EA = CA, BE + ED =
BD
Post.
5. CA = BD
5. Subst.
6. CA ≅ BD
6. Def. of ≅
segments
7. CB ≅ CB
7. Reflex. Prop.
of ≅
8. UABC ≅ UDCB
8. SSS (Steps 1,
6, 7)
2. We know that AK ≅ BK . Since J is the
midpoint of AB, AJ ≅ BJ by def. of
midpoint. JK ≅ JK by Reflex. Prop. of ≅.
So UAKJ ≅ UBKJ by SSS.
3. By the U Sum Thm., m∠H = 54°. For x =
6, WY = FH = 10 in., m∠Y = m∠H = 54°,
and XY = HG = 12 in. So UWXY ≅ UFHG
by SAS.
4. A
5. G
1. Both involve the sides of the two triangles
being compared.
2. Postulate SAS involves comparing
included angles within the triangles, while
SSS compares only the sides.
3. Postulates and theorems are both
Original content Copyright © by Holt McDougal. Additions and changes to the original content are the responsibility of the instructor.
A35
Holt Geometry
```