Document 57180

World History B: Unit 4
1) Watch “The Invisible Children" movie at Answer questions on the worksheet.
2) Watch "Africa Today" on See teacher for log on
a. Answer all on-screen questions on your own sheet of paper
3) Read pages 694-698
a. Complete the chart in packet on Problems the New African Nations Faced
Read "The Lost Boys" article
a. Complete questions
b. Define the following terms
1. Refugee
2. Animist
5) Read /{Darfur" article
a. Compete handout
6) Watch the movie HOTEL RWANDA (get it at Netflix, Hastings, etc.)
a. Answer the questions that go with it.
Invisible Children Worksheet
-Why did the filmmakers decide to travel to Africa?
-Were they successful right away?
-How did they eventually get to Uganda?
-How many people have died in the Sudanese civil war?
-How 1nany people have fled the country?
-Who is Mama Sapora? What does she do for the children?
-Who is Jolly Okot?
-What is the LRA? What is their goal?
=Why don't the children cry?
-Who is Dan Kidega?
-Who is Alice Lakwena?
-Who is Joseph Kony?
-How long has the war been going on?
-Why don't the children try to escape?
-Approximately how many children have been abducted?
-Why do the children not sleep at their own hon1es?
. -What do the abducted children draw when given paper?
-How many casualties were there within the certain 3-Inonth period?
-Up to how many people are in camps?
Problems the Nevv African Nations Faced
Directions: Read pgs. 694-698. Using bullet points fill in the chart below \Vith the probletns that African nations are facing after
gaining independence.
Env irontnent
.Just three of the thousands of the co-called
"Lost Boys of the Sudan," Gabriel Atem (left),
Michael Chuol (center) and Anderia Lual have
fared better t ha n m iI!i o n s of t h e i r
1 1 n t r \/ m r.> n
W If '- I
...41 II II II
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rur· . ,cj for sport at Whrt\'Ml:)·.rtn·cotf IJe P
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t t:; ?-t,to --
--Ga ri ': .fcour ·, . '
'. --.: _ :,.re:pie e<n- ohfy:·<l:-sm pQr.ti9n _or-th<;_Su
tr.Pi :Wai's
stud nts
Anderia Lual and Gabriel Atem
birthday, even though they don)t - u v. vv..•._.u.,
on the first day ofJmuary, they
birthday togeilier. It's their best gctess,
but nobody really knows their real age. During the celebration, these three cousL.'ls from the S31Tle Dinka tribe in
Sudan, A.frica, ·will tell stories to help themI e:mefuber ·who.
they are. These stories remind them of those who have
gone before them; stories are all that is left of their p):lst,
1v1ichael, Anderia and· Gabriel show what .humanity is
capable of: Hate took their families from them a:nd tumeci
them into refugees, -vvh:ile goodness ultimately brought them
to the 1Jnited States. Named the Lost Boys of the-Sudan by
relief workers in refugee camps in East Africa in the 1980s
- after the lost boys of the story of Peter Pan - they are
three of tens of thousands of others like them.
Gabriel. "I'm riot lost
with people._I've h_een
How Mich::tel, Gabriel and Anderia surviyed the
18 •IHlAHDER • HOVEMBER 20, 2003
• _. _ _
._·.· _
people., My tinde .gliabbed' iue,_·y lJ,l#g/R· ·
· \Ill
: ,:·-·.:
lii I
Ulation:ofa;pprqXfut.fltelj30,-inilli /:.
people.An additional:4.5 i:riillion people' have been
driven ·
_" ... , ,.
"It was k:irid
. ..• , . .. _.-. _....._,..,,. _
_ ... . .
.. , _ . _
]ike eating a· foof_sald 'he;re, · says·
This .June 18, 1992, photo
was taken In one of the
refugee camps set up in
Kenya just after the ones In
Ethiopia were closed. The
best estimates say that in
1987, 17,000 boys between
ages 6 and 17 left the
Sudan as war refugees. In
1999, some 3,000 of them
were allowed to immigrate
to the United States.
Michael, Anoeria and
Gabriel lived- in this camp or
one like it before movlnq to
Washington state in 2001.
[Scott Peterson/Liaison/Getty photo]
till ·unn1n
but one day I will.''
Anderia was close in his
senior season, running in a neardead heat with MiChael in the 800
meters. He had improved ills time
by 10 seconds frm:z;1 the year
before to 2:01.
'What Michael, Gabriel and
Anderia didn't know is tha.t Mike
Strong saw all of their potential,
even if it was raw: Strong knew of
Whitworth College - that it was a
small campus ar1d that the three
rurming cousins would be cared
for if they got into schooL He
called V\fhitworth cross-country
and track and Edd coach Toby
Schwartz, who inunediately was
· ''I knew they were great
runners, with all kinds oupside
potential," recalls Schwartz. '.'And
knowing a bit about the Lost Boys
of Sudan stories, .felt compassion
and war1ted to help them."
Since Whitworth doesn't give
athletic scholarships, Sd1wartz
brou"ght their story to the attention
of the board of directors at
W1litworth College.
"I said, 'What's the possibility , ,
of getti,ng these guys here?' It
would bring diversity to the
college, and it would be an
outreach to these guys who have
nothing to do once they graduate_
from high school:'
"Toby Schwarz took the ball
and ran with it," says Strong. "I
loved those boys, but the most
runnin,g tl1e five-mile course in
26:04. Anderia, v;ho has consistently been the Pirates' flfth-best
runner this season, pulled a
hamstring, rolled an ankle ancl
suffered shin splits. }lis season
ended p-rematurely, just before the
conference championships. TI1e
one with tl1e most promise,
Gabriel, was hurt the first meet of
the seaso. "He basically has a
degenerative kneecap, so we've
given him the year off," says
Schwartz. "His diet and the:
. malnutrition in those refugee .
: camps may have impacted how it
broke down, and may explain why
it is taking longer to build it back
Tills weekend,· at the NCA..
Division III .champioriships in
Hanover, Ind., Nlichael \villjoin
teanunates Doug Blackburn and
Leslie Nelson in ·competing "Yvith
best small-college
cross country runners.
Never Forget
f. ill D11nn:n"
Because Schwartz's focus as a
is on how the tbree have
p_t the
adjl1sted to
all ha-,re sense Lhere is no
. so we v:ork
now, this present mornem.'·
So these young men \vho
have come to i\.merica \\'ark
not only in school and sports but
also arow1d
so u'lat others
they meet might
about. the
continual plight of their homel2..1.1d.
Listening to them, you realize
they· are no longer the Lost Boys of
Sudan. "I pray (or the futurei' says
Anderia. "Today, the nev-:· lost boys
of Sudan
are displaced
because of the ongoing war]
should not be suffering. I'd like
my educat-ion to prepare me to see ·
but onlv if there
isn't \Var."
came here to stay, as a resident
attacked me
I would·.
consider mvself as an i\..merican
who I!Ot att'acked. not Sudanese."
the. United
----------------------"Lost and Found" Reading
Define the following words using a dictionary. Then use each vocabulary word in a
sentence showing that you understand the meaning of the word.
at:,c 1 Ul L
Celebrities, activists rally for Darfur
Demonstrators want U.S. action to end genocide
WASHINGTON (AP) --Thousands of people joined celebrities and lawmakers at a rally Sunday
urging the Bush administration and Congress to help end genocide in Sudan's Darfur region.
"Not on our watch!" the crowd chanted as a parade of speakers lined up for their turn on a stage on the National Marl, the
Capitol seNing as a backdrop.
"The personal motivation for a lot of us is the Holocaust," said Boston-based Rabbi Or Rose of Jewish Seminarians for
Justice. "Given our history and experience, we feel an obligation to stand up and speak out." (Watch why the s[tuation is
desperate in Darfur- 2:03)
Refugee Hassan Caber said he was forced to leave his family and flee Sudan four years ago after many were killed and
raped. He urged the United States and the United Nations to act quickly, saying he had no idea where his family was or if
they were OK.
--'..:Ne need deeds, not words," said Caber, now of Portland, Maine. 'They need to come to Darfur today, not tomorrow,
oecause what is going on is a disaster."
The organizers' permit anticipated 10,000 to 15,000 people would rally, one of several events in U.S. cities this weekend
against what the United Nations calls the world's worst humanitarian disaster.
"It is the socially responsible, good-conscience thing to do," said Ron Fisher, who took a pre-dawn bus from Cleveland with
his 15-year-old daughter, Jordyn. "It's an opportunity to show my daughter what people do when they care about something."
The U.S. Park Police, which does not issue crowd estimates, reported no arrests.
The event attracted high-profile speakers such as actor George Clooney, just back from Africa; Sen. Barack Obama, Dlllinois; House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi of California; Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel; Olympic speed skating
champion Joey Cheek, who gave his bonus money to the cause; and Roman Catholic Cardinal Theodore McCarrick,
archbishop of Washington. (Watch actor George Clooney tell the rally about his trig to Sudan- 2:58)
"lf we care, the world will care," Obama said. "If we act, then the world will follow."
Pelosi said Democrats for once agree with Bush: "This genocide must stop."
Clooney and his father, Nick, a former television anchorman, interviewed families in Sudanese refugee camps. The elder
Clooney described their role as reporters. "It's our job to tell you what we saw," he said. "Thousands of people hanging on
by the most gossamer of threads."
His son was the event's big draw. He said the United States' and United Nations' policies are failing- and citizens must
"iemand change.
' '11is is in fact· the first genocide of the 21st century, but there is hope: all of you," the actor said. "Every one of you
Article's Title
Article's Date
Who is Involved?
Be specific.
What is
When has this
Define 3 words
from the article
that you either do
not know or use
on a frequent
1 .)
What is the
significance of
this article topic
on the world?
What is the
significance of
this article title to
Directions: Answer the following questions in complete sentences on a separate sheet
of paper.
1 . Define decimation. How does this term relate to Rwanda?
2. What do Rwandans call life prior to the 1994 program of Genocide?
3. After April6, why did the Tutsi have reason to be concerned?
4. Where did the Tutsis go to escape the Hutus? Do you think this was a logical and
wise decision? If you were being hunted, where would you go?
5. What did Dr. Gerard do when he learned there were Hutus among the Tutsi
6. Why is it ironic that Dr. Gerard and Pastor Ntakirutimana were involved in the
killing? What other authorities figures were involved?
7. "Your problem has already found a solution. You must die." What problem is
Pastor Ntakirutimana referring to?
8. How did the Hutus find Tutsis that were still alive after the initial massacres?
9. Why was Manase surprised to hear that the total killed in Rwanda was only 1
1 0. How were flocks of birds a warning sign to Tutsis attempting to hide from the
11. Based upon your knowledge of genocide, describe three examples from the reading
that indicate the events in Rwanda were genocidal.
Ethical Issues (Write your answer on a separate sheet of paper)
1. At the beginning of the film, Paul places far greater value on protecting his family than protecting his
neighbors. But as the film progresses his sense of obligation to his neighbors and his countrymen
deepens. Indeed, rather than abandon the refugees he is sheltering, he sends his family to safety while
he stays behind.
2. Is his decision the morally right one? In making decisions, how much weight should one give to the
welfare of one's family compared to the welfare of one's neighbors? How much weight should
governments give to the welfare of foreign peoples compared to that of their own citizens?
3. The UN Colonel tells reporters that his troops are npeace-keepers," not iipeace-makers. ii By UN
mandate, UN troops were permitted to use their weapons only in self-defense. If the Colonel had
disobeyed orders and authorized his troops to fire on Interhamwe fighters, would he have done the
right thing?
4. Do you agree that racism played a role in the international community's failure to act to stop the
genocide, as the UN colonel says? The film makes no mention of other possible contributing factors,
such as the disastrous U.S. humanitarian intervention in Somalia in 1993, less than a year before,
which ended after a U.S. helicopter was shot down and the bodies of U.S. soldiers were dragged
through the streets of Mogadishu. Does this justify the U.S. and the UN's refusal to intervene?
5. The filtn shows that there was a close relationship between the French and Hutu governments, even
while the killings were going on. On the tenth anniversary of the genocide, Rwanda's president
accused the French of consciously training and arming the Hutus, knowing that they would massacre
Tutsis. The French deny this, yet it is indisputable that France was the Rwandan government's
number-one supplier of weapons. Does this fact alone make France more culpable for the genocide
than the rest of the international community? How should responsibility be allocated for what
happened, both inside and outside Rwanda?
6. How has the international c01nmunity, in particular Belgium, France, the United States, and the UN,
faced up to the question of responsibility and blmne in the years since the genocide?
7. In 2005, world leaders formally adopted the Responsibility to Protect [R2P]-the duty to intervene in
when national governments fail to fulfill their responsibility to protect their citizens from atrocious
crimes-and in 2006 the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1674, which commits the Council to
protect civilians during armed conflicts. Do you agree that under certain circumstances, R2P should
override sovereignty? Can you cite any examples where R2P has been or should be i1nplemented?