Do it Yourself Guide for Self-Publishing

Do it Yourself
Guide for Self-Publishing
• Getting Started
• Copyright, ISBN and LCCN
• Document Setup
• Fonts
• Photographs
• Cover Design
• Preparing Files for Submission
• Submitting Your Work
• Self-Promotional Tools
i
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Copyright © 2013 Mechling Bookbindery
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Getting Started
Introduction
You want to publish a book—but not just any book—your own unique project. And as a self-published author, you will retain all rights and have full control of the book’s appearance, content, printing and distribution.
Because we have been helping authors self-publish for more than a decade, we know what they want: highquality custom design and printing at affordable prices. At Mechling, we can help your dream become a reality.
If you have never published or been involved in the preparation of a manuscript, you may not know how
to begin or where to find help with what may seem to be an overwhelming task. This do-it-yourself guide has
been developed to help you through the process of self-publishing, all the while saving you needless work and
expense. A quality publication can be produced by following the advice contained in this guide.
Getting Started
Getting off to the right start makes all the difference! You have taken the first step by obtaining this guide.
This will help you with setting up your document, arranging your pages; scanning your images, and preparing
your files for submission. This guide will cover most scenarios; however, not all the procedures contained in this
publication may apply to you, and your project may require additional help that may not be outlined here. If
so, give us a call and we will be happy to assist you.
If you are like most people, you will want a quote before the final phase of your work. In order to give you
an estimate of the costs, we will need to know the scope of your project, i.e., the approximate number of pages
in your manuscript, the number of images in color and black-and-white, and the quantity of books to be
printed. You will be better able to provide this information after you have assembled all of the data, photos and
illustrations that you plan to use in your book; and have drafted a manuscript, subject to revision. (Be sure to
obtain the necessary permissions required to reproduce illustrations or previously published material.) With this
information, we will also have a good understanding of how to direct the subsequent phases of your project.
Submitting Your Files
We cannot stress enough, the importance of completion in the writing and thorough editing of your manuscript prior to submitting your files. Any changes that we would have to make will add to your cost. We recommend that you, and preferably with one or two additional editors, make corrections and alterations on printed
copies of your manuscript, proofreading multiple times. Many errors are easily overlooked when editing on a
computer screen.
Once we receive your files, our graphic artist will begin preparing them for printing. This process may take
some time, depending on the complexity of your work. We will contact you during this period if questions or
problems arise.
When the preparation of your book is completed, you will receive a proof for your review. You will be required
to examine the proof copy in its entirety to be certain that the book layout meets your approval. If there are any
changes required, please make the appropriate notations and send the copy back to us along with instructions
for the corrections. After the modifications are made, another proof copy will be sent to you for your final
approval. YOU are responsible for the content of the final proof, so we urge you to take considerable time and
carefully re-examine every detail. Your book will be produced from that final proof file.
So, let’s get started….
1
Document Setup
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Word, Microsoft Publisher and Adobe InDesign.
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you set minimum margins at ¾"-1" on all sides.
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2
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Book Elements
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Copy gh Page
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Tab e o Con en s
Acknow edgmen s
Oil on the Brain
force of the ice. The derricks, engines, tanks, etc., were placed upon a frame work of logs, thus
to a great extent rendering them more secure. One wooden crib was 130 feet long by 12 feet
high and the other which shielded the “King No. 1” well was 50 feet long
by 10
high. The
thefeet
Brain
only building on the island was a boarding house for drillers run by aOil
Mr.onBlair.
I have driven past this island for many years and never realized the commerce and oil
excitement that had happened Information
there in days
by. Now
tall“Early
walnutdays
trees
grow and deer,
andpassed
lithographs
are from
of Oil”,
Paul H. Giddens, Princeton University Press, 1948
bear and copperheads
Oil on the Brain
Municipal Cleanliness, May 2, 1872
Notwithtanding the tardy approach of warm weather, there is every
Oil onindication
the Brainaccording
to various authorities of the summer being intensely hot, and the coming season very unhealthy,
WatchofYour
Step!
and conducive to the propagation
contagious
and malignant disease. This city is an unusually
healthy one, but the stagnant and putrescent condition of our streets, alleys, and surroundings
last summer,
andofthe
prevailing
diseases
thereon, is sufficient
proof
leaving one
Antwerp
City’s
manyconsequent
drinking establishments,
a poor oil
manthat
waswe are not
Oil on the Brain After
altogether
impregnable
in that
respect.
The abominable
habitAfter
of throwing
and
slowly making
his way
down a very
dark
boardwalk
on Main Street.
passingdecaying
through animal
a
vegetable
garbage
in the
streets,
rearagainst
lots, should
The St.
Petersburg
Oil
District,
gateway
onto
2nd street,
in the
darkness
hitand
his in
nose
a post.be checked at once, and every offence
the14,
kind
punished
tohell,”
the fullest
extent which the ordinance allows, and in this at least there
“Iofwish
that1872
post
was inBen
said he.
May
should be no respect
ofHogan,
persons, no matter who they may be or how influential their position,
Book Body
“Better wish it were“Th
somewhere
might
run against it again!”
e wickedestelse,”
man said a bystander,
Oil“you
on alike.
the
Brain
every citizen violating
theworld.”
ordinance should be treated
There are thousands of cart loads
in the
New strikes of
areaccumulated
almost
a daily
occurrence
in ofChristopher
filth
in the
the city, which
should
be Deposit,
removedN.Y.,
before
theOhot weather
WellsDog,
In
The
Woods
byheart
John
O’Day,
M. D.,
The
Mad
May
21,
1872
the St. PetersburgOil
region
nearly
all prove
good
arrives.and
Personal
cleanliness
and
attention to diet,
of course,
have a direct relation to health, and
Press,
is an
book
on oil history.
paying wells, there there
beingare
aQuaga
few
holes1906,
in informative
fewdry
so Porter,
ignorant
as to oil
be
unaware
of this
fact.
Butinteresting.
no matter how cleanly each individual
The
student
offound
early
will
findabout
this
book
very
mad dog made
its drilled
appearance
at
Moreland
& Co.
o’clock
yesterday
Oil on the Brain A hundreds
of wells
there
during
past
year.
may be,
if the
greatthe
bulk
of the
population
areof9compelled
to
breath
atmosphere arising
morning. Most
of the men involuntarily
betook
themselves
to
roofs
the tanks,
while
thea vitiated
The development
is still
spreading,
a number
of the
open
lots
and
teeming
with
putrescent
disease
in various forms will most
If
have
aand
cough
or
cold,
try
Tolu
Syrup
Ondelirious
the Adam
Ashbaugh
farm,
Barney
Vensel
astreets
new
well
doing
40McDonald’s
barrels
per day,
is Cough
canine
snapped
at from
those
who
remained.
The
animal
was
finally
shot
bygarbage,
Daniel
Cumnew
wells
are
being
putyou
down
inhas
Salem
and
Beaver
take
and
spread
among
us. The
Health
Committee
has a large amount of work
located a few
rodsthe
south
of his No.
onassuredly
the same
tract.
mings,
foreman,
who1fortunately
had
a root
revolver
close
athoped
hand. that
townships.
before
them,
and
it isof
tothe
bebuy
the city
undergo
a thorough
cleaning
Go Harris
to
the
Smith
meat
shop
and
youropposite
poultry
for 18
cents per
pound,within the
A 30 barrel well has The
been
struck
on the
south
Clarion
the will
mouth
well,
St.bank
Petersburg,
was
Oil
onChristmas
the
next
few
weeks.
Theoff
relation
between
municipal
cleanliness
and municipal
health
hasof been
Hogan’s
Palace”
middle
the Allegheny
And
finear
rst
class
beef
cheaper
than
anyBrain
other market
in “Floating
Antwerp
City.in the
on Turkey Run. Thissunk
is leading
eastward
and
considerably
the
belt.
some depth
into
the
third
sand
some
days
May
21,
Riverand
at Parker
Hogan operated aBoards
free-and-easy
demonstrated
everywhere
byago
the
most bitter
cannotCity.
be over-estimated.
Huffman &
Crowel,
of Warren,
Penna.,
are testing
a1872
well
on
the
&experience,
Bly twelve
and commenced
flowing
at the
rate
of 250
barrels
perAndrews
Important
toshow
Oil
Operators
in the cityand
butstringent,
was forced without
to close when
thetyrantownspeople
of in
Health,
in
order
to effect
anything,
require
toSun
be cautious
being
acre lot of the Dan
Ritts
farm,last
the
this well
has
been
poor.
– Emlenton
May
10,
1872
burned
him
out. Seethe
newspaper
article
of April
29, 1872,
day. The
report
received
the
wellvery
represents
nical,
in from
their
measures,
which
is the
safe
to guard
against
spread
disease
or the
two
andsome
a half
above
Parker’s
Landing,
is
aonly
lively
and
growing
oil
town.
Three or Foxburg,
four
new
wells,
ofmiles
them
large
ones, per
were
struck
last
week
inplan
Richland
“Hogan’s
Bagnos Fired.”
Heof
bought
a boat
and put his
that
it
is
still
flowing
over
200
barrels
day.
The
Dog
Poisoning
would respectfully
announce
to
Operators
and
Contractors,
that
we
have
purchased
Oil on the Brain Wetownship.
ravages
of
pestilence.
ItOne
was of
founded
in the
dim ages
of sixinmonths
ago, andofasPetersburg,
its chief produce
was oiltables
andand girls aboard. Here, in the middle of the
them
isway
onback
the
Sliker
farm,
another
the
Borough
andgambling
still
tools
have
not
theas
hole.
the right and
title toonand
invention
of yet
Mr.been
Victorremoved
Gretter,from
known
the “Oil
and
Con- wasriver,
could escape the jurisdiction of the authorities. In
greenbacks,
its
firstGas
institution
theheSavings
thein
D.the
Ritts
farm.Big
The Blanchard
andanother
SigginsChalfant
well
No.
2 starts
60
barrels
and
increasing.
wells
have
lately
been
onof
the
Colmade $210,000
troller.”
Signed
and
Graffoff
& at
Co.,
Main
Petersburg.
The
Oil
Record
AStreet,
valuable
dog struck
belonging
to Field
Mr.
Thomas
Stewart
wasthree
poisoned
last
Quiteata Parker’s Landing.
Bank,
Mr.
J. W.
Hammond
ofisyears
Erie,Hogan
istheevening.
Oil
News,
May
7,
1872
Wetmore & E. Parchall well, onlner
what
is and
known
as
the three
lease,
D.which
Ritts
farm,
Thethe
“Nettie”
– Th
well, Mr.
on
J. J.
farm
other
portions
of acres
the Petersburg
district.
crowd
gathered
round
to
witness
the
struggles
of
dying
animal.
Stewart
President,
and
our
townsman
John
Fertig,
Vice
Ashbaugh farm,
was named
for
Nettie was offered
Oil
Matters,
June
6,President.
1872
starts off at the rate of 70 or 80 barrels. A
few more
such
wells awill
make
Daniel
Ritts
Farm
– East
Brady
Independent
fifty
dollars
few
days
ago
for
this
dog.
This
quite
unjustifiable,
as theexploded
dog was last Friday
The
Foxpoisoning
House
iswas
kept
byyoung
Mr. SterOilthe
on
the
Brain
Oil
June
11,
1872
Ashbaugh,
his
daughter.
Boiler
explosion
– well
The
boiler
well
No.
2,
Ritts
Petersburg,
one of the richest oil producing farms in
the News,
Petersburg
district.
harmless
asforenoon.
a kitten
and
wore
collar
with
theon
owner’s
name
on. farm,
rett,athe
known
landlord
of
Parker’s
Landing.
The
boiler
was
an
old
Respectfully yours, The
J. C. various
B.
oil fields from Brady’s
Bend
to City
St.
Petersburg
areone.
very
Antwerp
Lock-Up,
May
20,
1872
“French
Kate,”
Foxburg
isstruck
decidedly
aactive.
town
ofDevelopmoral
ideas. Being
Onment
Saturday
last
ex-Sheriff
Neely
informed
us
that
oil
had
been
in
one
of
the
P. S. – Since
writing
the
above,
this
district
has
been
visited
by
a
powerful
thunderstorm,
is going speedily forward and new and
largehalibut,
wells
are
reported
every
day.
Fairview,
Hogan’s
associate
Fresh
fresh
cod,
haddock,
flRun.
ounder,
whitefi
and bass
onbusiness
the of
land
ofderrick,
Mrs.
Fox,
she
hasButler
been
veryshfirm
wellsstriking
he iscounty,
putting
down
on
Isaac
Neely
farm
in
township,
east
of
Turkey
the lightning
the derrick
of the
Warren
Oil
Company,
destroying
one-half
the
nd
appears
to the
be
the
objective
point.
ARichland
large
amount
property
has
changed
hands
and
Dog
Killing
– Antwerp
City,
Just
received
atof
the
Fish
Market
at end
street,
Antwerp
and
strict
with
her
tenants,
having
afrom
great
abhorAbout
eleven
o’clock
last
night
two
prisoners
escaped
the
lock-up
in the
Oil on the Brain includingOil
flowing
through
casing
and
thehalf
prospects
are
for
ahave
large
well
the
drilling
is of 2saloons.
tankwas
house
and splendid
three 250the
barrel
tanks,
with
200past
barrels
ofThe
oil.
some
strikes
made.
We
hope
next week
todoor
good
report
from
thisand
locality.
rence
of when
dram
shops
and
billiard
willis fastened
May
9, 1872
simple
isa fastened
with
aofhasp
padlock. TheShe
hasp
finished. This wellSt.
is Petersburg
on the following
eastern
end
ofown
themanner:
belt,success
indicating
the
general
course
theof
oil
up
holds
its
and
to
the
operator
is
the
order
the
day.
This
is
not
tolerate
them
on
the
precinct,
but
rules
them
There
are
several
cases
of hydrophobia reported
bolts passing through the door to the interior.
On the ends
of the bolts are screws and nuts.
A degree.
Narrow
Escape
the Clarionsplendid
River. territory,by
and
the gift
of
continuance
inhad
a wonderful
June
17,
1872
out
in was
the conditions
of
allnut,
her
leases.
Inthe
spite
of the
in
different
parts
of
All,has
therefore,
that
the prisoner
to
do
toonunscrew
the
pull
back
door,
andcounty.
they The dog crop in
The well on
the was
Master
farm
near
Monroeville,
township,
Turkey
Run,
isprivations
There
never
as
much
activity
as atBeaver
present,
and
should
the
present
price
ofcharged
oil be
this
lack
of diversion
and
citythis
life,
this
city
isoflarge
yearneighborhood
and almost every
street is
werevein
free.
One
the
fugitives
was
the
young
man
Victorine
with
forgery,
whose
down about
1,000 feet.orAshould
strong
of
gasof
struck
and
the
well
isatnow
throwing
aaSnyder,
heavy
Oil
onwas
the
Brain
Onprosperity
the night
the
fire
Mr.
in
the
it go
the
ofof
this
region
willisBronson’s
be
without
agentleman
parallel.
– residing
East
the
said
grow
and
flourish,
having
some
teeming
with
worthless
curs. Weopen
arewas
not therefore
Well
No. 6maintained,
thewater.
Foust–farm,
owned
by
Spencer
others,
is a upon
new
strike,
which
is discovered
case
wehigher,
mention
in
another
column;
thetown
other
was
atodrunk
and
disorderly
named
volume
ofonBrady
salt
Clarion
Democrat
roused
byand
the
alarm,
and
raising
up in
bed
thegood
window
ofBrennan.
hiskilling
chamber
Independent
Wells
along
the Clarion
river
at
Grass
Flats
thousand
and
more
inhabitants
of
temperate
that
witha revolver
theand
hot weather
yielding
25 or 30sorry
barrels too,
per
day.
“I’m
awfully
Dad.”
the Well
outline
of a human figure,
which
he
supposed
to surprised
behas
entering
thedog
room.
Having
Courtesy Drake
Museum
andseized
industrious
habits.
commenced
early.
were
Oil
Matters,
May
20,
1872
8Four defunct
under
his pillow,
he
at1872
once
and
fired
it, and
what
was his
horror
at discovering
thatcanines
hebe wise
About
Oil at St.
Petersburg,
June
1872
found
yesterday
It might
for
the gay days of Petrolia City, when
Oil Items,
June
18,
1872
had
shotJune
at his 8,
own
wife. 15,
She had
risen before her husband
awoke
andmorning.
was
looking
thethem when
Oil on theInBrain
of valuable
animals
to from
muzzle
everybody had money, there was among
Oil
Matters,
27,
1872
window
to learn
the location
ofththe
fire.The
TheArmstrong
ball fromowners
the
pistol
grazed
her
right
SceneRun,
on
board
Floating
Palacethat it is
The
Oilman’s
Journal
of MayMay
11
says:
well,
on Turkey
Stubble
allowed
toslightly
large.
Itthe
must
bearm,
noted
St. owned
Petersburg,
June6 12,
1872,
Editor
Herald:
its citizens a leading oil producer and
Well
No.
on
the
Foust
farm,
bywell,
Spencer
and others,
is aforIt
new
strike,
which
isrun atabout
and
what
narrowly
proved
domestic
tragedy,
terminated
in yielding
harmless
fright.
A new well
by Kittanning
parties
was
struck
on the
Meldren
farm
last week.
farm,
above
the
oldowned
Hulings
hasabeen
pumping
some
ten in
days
20
direct
violation
of
thebarrels
criminal code of this state
There
fourindications
wells
tubed
on
Monday
Tuesday,
on the
D. Ritts
farm,corner
whichofcommember of the Petrolia Oil has
Exchange.
yielding
or
thirty
barrels
per
day.
St.
Petersburg,
Penna.
Another
hasand
been
struck
on
southeast
the Dan
Ritts
farm,
the
111
not been tubed
yet,were
buttwenty-five
the
arelarge
for
awell
40 barrel
well.
per
day.
to
poison
dogs or
other animals with a fine not
menced
asproduction
follows:
This gentleman was reported to be worth
Oilday.
man’s
friends
which
is about
125Slickler
barrels
per
M.
Cool &pumping
Lockhard’s
wellonknown
as
“Greely
No.
1,”
on
the E.
Logue
farm,
east
the
A well
on the
farm,
owned
by
Mr.ofRobbed,
Chambers
and
others,
on
theand
westconfinement,
branch
Blakslee
Bros.
May
14,
1872
Oil
theofBrain
exceeding
$500
The
Speers
well,28thwhich
caught
drilling
into
third
sand,
causing
the death
of
three hundred thousand dollars.
He was
Venango
County
Historical
Society
The
Lee
& fire
Thomas
the
D.
farm
wasbarrels
completed
Thursday
andthe
hashole as the not exceeding
Clarion
River, was
tubed
on the
ofoflast
month
andwhile
reported
us Ritts
as
doing
100
Turkey
Run,
iswas
inwell
the on
third
sand
and
large
quantities
of oil last
are
flowing
from
three
years.
Frank
Robert
Bowen,
is 20
good
forper
50–day.
orOwners
60 barrels.
a man of faultless Final
dress, free
sincetoyielded
10
barrels
Words
of with
oil perhis
day. ItLevans
is sinceand
reported
be drilling
doing
barrels.
Petersburg,
Progress
progresses.
and The
others
expect
a largeeighteen
well. years of age hailing from Buffalo, was yesterJohn
Gilgrist,
a
young
man
about
money, gallant in bearing Delo
and withal
a
fit
VerbachCounty
&ItCo.,
of
Warren,
got
well
on their
lease
on
Ritts
Fleming
& Salsbury
No. 2, Collner
farm,
was
torpedoed
last
Thursday
when
she
comisday
said
that the
well
on have
the Collner
farm,
struck
some
weeks
ago,
still
continues
to
Oil Farm,
Salem Township
– Caldwell’s
Clarion
Atlas
1877
112
arrested
byPenna.,
Officer
Miller
onaaItnew
charge
preferred
against
himthe
forD.
stealing
boiler makers’
tools
for the bravest.
John Mathercompanion
was a photographer
from Titusville
whotothrough
hissuch
efforts
captured
the
early
farm,
which
is pumping
over
100
barrels
per He
day.
filled
two
barrel
tanks
four
menced
flow with
force
that
she
lifted
a setfrom
of tools
on
a day.
plank
over
hole,
and250
yield
near
200
barrels
of oil
per
This
isthe
the
largest
well
in thePatterson,
entireindistrict.
Oil
on
the
Brain
thestanding
shop
last
Friday.
was
taken
before
Justice
pleddays’
guilty, and was sentenced
The old proverb,
fool Edwin
and1800Drake
days of Oildom. Mather’s photographs
span from“A
Colonel
Bradford
and beyond. The
weighing
lbs., to
clear
off pumping.
and
well oninthe
south
side
the $50
Clarion
opposite the mouth of Turkey Run is in
to Blair
six &
months
the
county
jailoftheir
and
fine.
soon
part,”
held
good
in
this
Throughouthis
mymoney
research
I’ve
asked
myself,
“If
Mather
photographs
exist
of
Venango’s
Chalfant,
Graff
Co.
have
got
a
well
on
store
lot
in
Petersburg,
pumping
30
barset
them
to
one
side.
She
is
now
the
third
sand.
The
hole
is
filled
to
a
considerable
extent
with
oil
while
a
goodly
amount
flows
Watch
Step!
case,Your
linked
in arms
with
“Old
Pithole and Red Hot,particular
where is Clarion’s
Antwerp
and
Keating
City
what became
of many
Butler
rels
per day.
doing
about
50orbarrels.
– Volcano
out
as the drilling
It 1877
is expected to prove a good
113well when the drilling is completed
Blair
Residence
and
Blair’sinCorners
– Caldwell’s
Clarionprogresses.
County Atlas
John Barleycorn.”
He passed
down
life’s
County oil field photographs?”
Altogether
there are
3,274
Mather
glassHotel,
negatives
the Drake
Harris
wellRobert
is
pumping
Lubricator
andwell
the
put
inBlair
motion.
The Hotel
was
built
during
theThe
Civil
War pump
with
as150 barrels per day.
leavingTo
onemy
ofdismay,
Antwerp
City’s
many
drinking
establishments,
alast
poor
oilmonths
man was
Oil on the Brain After
highway
at ahave
merry
clip.’
museum.
I may
found
the answer.
Treat,
Porterfield
& Crawford have a new well about 20 rods southeast from the Harris
For the
two
proprietor.
This hotel was
torn down
in the 1940’s.
slowly making hisIn
way
down
a veryflood
dark
boardwalk
on Main
Street.
passing
Thisdevastated
writer sawTitusville
him
shaking
dice
1892
a terrible
putAfter
over five
feet through
ofaswater
Mather’s
well,
which
is doing 30 barrels per day.
theaand
entire
section
known
the ain
The St.
Petersburg
Oil
District,
gateway
onto
2nd street,
in the
darkness
hit hisrush
nosespirit
against
post.
with
an equally
at fifty
dollars
Studio.
Destroyed
were
over
16,000
irreplaceable,
historical
glass
negatives
of people, places
andwell owned by Palmer & Co., directly south of the Harris and just a few rods
A new
Petersburg
district
has decreased
“I things
wish14,
that
post wasthe
in
hell,”oil
said
114
May
1872
a throw
and
ahe.
few years later in
saw
him in There are a number
throughout
early
fields.
is pumping about 100 barrels per day.
production.
“Better wish
it werejust
somewhere
else,”
a bystander,
might
run
against
itofdistant,
again!”
the
last stages
ofsaid
alcoholism,
aBrain
Oil“you
onfor
the
Maybe,
maybe,
the
photographs
I, as aasking
oil
history
student
dream of,
were
of and others of Oil City are testing a well on the John Ashbaugh farm, which
Dr. Smith
of
new
wells
in process
drill-the victims
dime
to get
aindrink.
wine,
and principal excitement
oil covered
muddy
waters
of oilSpeculation,
creek. ing,
New strikesthe
arecruel
almost
a daily
occurrence
promises
to be a 50 barrel well.
but
Wells
In
The
Woods
by have
John
Christopher
O’Day,
M.the
D.,beDeposit,
N.Y.,
Mad
Dog,
May
21,
1872
women
wrecked
many
oil
country
Much
more
canprove
and
should
be researched
and
recorded
about
earlyThe
daysOof oil in North
the St. PetersburgOil
region
and
nearly
all
goodan
seems
in thethelower
region.
Press,
1906,
informative
onto
oil history.
lives
andiscrumpled
manybook
fortunes.
“I
115
Pennsylvania.
Many
lost
photographs
and
written
histories
still rest
in forgotten places.
paying wells, thereWestern
being aQuaga
few
dry
holes
found
in
The
Petersburg
district
is
drained
Theis student
ofMoreland
early
oil
will
find
this
book
very
interesting.
just
wonder
who
this
writer
was
talking
mad dog made
its drilled
appearance
at
Porter,
& Co.
about
9ofo’clock
yesterday
This text
aduring
small
insight
into
the
beginning
oil
discovery
in our the
“Lower
Fields.”
is my
Oil on the Brain A hundreds
of wells
there
the
past
year.
by
two
pipe lines,
Antwerp
ViewItfrom
Emlenton along the Allegheny River looking towards Fullerton,
about?”
(The
author)
morning. Most
of the men involuntarily
betook
themselves
the roofs
tanks,
while
the
that this
information
willto
you, of
thethe
student
of
oil the
history,
better
understand
those
The development
ishope
still
spreading,
a number
ofhelp
the
oil loading
dock for the Antwerp Pipe Line Company
Pipe
Line,
office
of
which
Cropp
Farm,
Salem
Township
– Caldwell’s
Clarion
County
Atlas1877
If
have
aand
cough
or
cold,
try
Cough
Syrup
Ondelirious
the Adam
Ashbaugh
farm,
Vensel
a (“Flowing
new
well
doing
40McDonald’s
barrels
per
day,
is–Fullerton,
Gold”
by
Rex
Beach,
Harper
canine
snapped
at Barney
those
who
remained.
The
was
finally
by
Daniel
Cumwonderful
exciting
days
ofanimal
both
“Boom”
andshot
“Bust!”
Gary
Mc Kinney
new
wells
are
being
putyou
down
inhas
Salem
and
Beaver
is Tolu
at
and the Mutual
located a few
rodsthe
south
of his No.
on the same
tract.
andclose
Bros.,
Publishers, NewPipe
YorkLine
and of Foxburg. By these
mings,
foreman,
who1fortunately
had
a revolver
at hand.
116
townships.
“I’m
awfully sorry too, Dad.”
Go Harris
to
the Smith
meat
shop
and
youropposite
poultry
18from
cents
per
pound,
A 30 barrel well has The
been
struck
on thenear
south
of
thebuy
Clarion
London,
England.
The
Oilthe
andmouth
Gasoil
Man’s
well,
St.bank
Petersburg,
was
the
is for
taken
the
wells
and
Oil
onChristmas
the
And
first
class
beef
cheaper
than
anyBrain
other
market
intoAntwerp
City.
Jefferson Furnace near Jefferson City
on Turkey Run. Thissunk
is leading
eastward
considerably
off
the
belt.
Magazine,
Published
in Butler,
Pennsylsome depth
intoand
the
third
sand
some
days
ago
brought
the storage
tanks, from Courtesy
May
21,
1872
of Venango County Historical Society
Huffman &
Crowel,
of Warren,
Penna.,
are testing
avania,
well
on
the
1913)
Receipt from Chalfant & Graff, St. Petersburg, 1875
and commenced
flowing
at the
rate of 250
barrels
perAndrews & Bly twelve
Important
toshow
Oil
which it is shipped to its different
acre lot of the Dan
Ritts
farm,last
the
inOperators
this well
has
poor.
Sun
May– Emlenton
10,
1872
day. The
report
received
from
thebeen
wellvery
represents
destinations.
117County Atlas 1877
Knappenberger
Oil Farm, Salem Township – Caldwell’s Clarion
andsome
a half
Parker’s
Landing,
is
a lively
growing
oil town.
Three or Foxburg,
four
new
wells,
ofmiles
themabove
large
ones, per
were
struck
last
week and
in Richland
that
it two
is
still
over
200
barrels
day.
The
Dog
Poisoning
would respectfully
announce
toflowing
Operators
Contractors,
that
we
have
Oil on the Brain Wetownship.
ItOne
was of
founded
in the
dimand
ages
of sixinmonths
ago,
andof
aspurchased
its chief produce
was oil and
them
isway
onback
the
Sliker
farm,
another
the
Borough
Petersburg,
and still
tools
have
not
theas
hole.
the right and
title toonand
invention
of yet
Mr.been
Victorremoved
Gretter,from
known
the “Oil
and
Con- was
Karns
City,
1873
greenbacks,
its
firstGas
institution
the
Savings
thein
D.the
Ritts
farm.Big
The Blanchard
andanother
SigginsChalfant
well
No.
2 starts
60
barrels
and
increasing.
wells
have
lately
been
onof
the
ColA Field
warm
summer’s
day
in oilwas
country
frozen
forever
in time.Quite
The derrick
troller.”
Signed
and
Graffoff
& at
Co.,
Main
Petersburg.
The
Oil
Record
AStreet,
valuable
dog struck
belonging
to
Mr.
Thomas
Stewart
poisoned
evening.
a
Bank,
Mr.
J.isW.
Hammond
ofdrilled
Erie,onlast
isthe
Wetmore & E. Parchall well, onlner
what
is and
known
as
the three
D.which
Ritts
farm,
Thethe
“Nettie”
– Th
is well,by
the
J. J. Brothers
farm
other
portions
of acres
the Petersburg
district.
in the
center
the
“Shasta”
well
Cooper
in June
118
crowd
gathered
round
tolease,
witness
the
struggles
of
animal.
Mr.
Stewart
offered
President,
and
ourIt came
townsman
John
Fertig,
Vice
Ashbaugh
farm,
wasand
named
for
Nettie
1872.
in at dying
120
barrels
the
Karns
Citywas
was on.
Oil
Matters,
June
6,President.
1872
starts off at the rate of 70 or 80 barrels. A
few more
such
wells awill
make
the
Daniel
Ritts
Farm
– East
Brady
Independent
fifty
dollars
few
days
ago
for
this
dog.
This
poisoning
was
quite
unjustifiable,
as“Boom”
the dog
was
The
Fox
House
is
kept
by
Mr.
SterOil
on
the
Brain
Oil
News,
June
11,
1872
Ashbaugh,
his
young
daughter.
one of the richest oil producing farms in the Petersburg
district.
harmless
as a kitten and wore
collar
the landlord
owner’sareof
name
on. Landing.
rett,athe
well
known
Th
esewith
old
photographs
soParker’s
important
to the story and can actually take the
Respectfully yours, The
J. C. various
B.
oil fields from Brady’s
Bend to City
St.Foxburg
Petersburg
are
very
Antwerp
Lock-Up,
May
20,
1872
reader
back
into
time.
Imagine,
you
working
on the “Shasta”, imagine, you
isstruck
decidedly
aactive.
town
ofDevelopmoral
ideas.
Being
Onment
Saturday
last
ex-Sheriff
Neely
informed
uslarge
that
oil
had
been
in
one
of
the
P. S. – Since
writing
above,
this district
has
been
byhalibut,
awells
powerful
thunderstorm,
driving
your
horse
and
buggy
down
a tree
lined
is the
going
speedily
forward
and
newvisited
and
are
reported
every
day.
Fairview,
Butler
Fresh
fresh
cod,
haddock,
fl
ounder,
whitefi
shfirm
andcountry
bass road, imagine...
on
the
land
of
Mrs.
Fox,
she
has
been
very
135
wells
he
is
putting
down
on
the
Isaac
Neely
farm
in
Richland
township,
east
of
Turkey
Run.
the lightning strikingcounty,
the derrick
of the
Warren
Oil
Company,
destroying
one-half
ofproperty
the
derrick,
nd
appears
to be
the objective
point.
Aeleven
large
amount
has
changed
hands
and
Just
received
atof
the
Fish
Market
at end
street,
Antwerp
and
strict
with
her
tenants,
having
afrom
great
abhorAbout
o’clock
last
night
two
prisoners
escaped
the
lock-up
in the
Oil on the Brain includingOil
flowing
through
casing
and
thehalf
prospects
are
for
ahave
large
well
the
drilling
is of 2saloons.
tankwas
house
and splendid
three 250the
barrel
tanks,
with
200past
barrels
ofThe
oil.
some
strikes
made.
We
hope
next week
todoor
good
report
from
thisand
locality.
rence
of when
dram
shops
and
billiard
willis –fastened
simple
isa fastened
with
aofhasp
padlock.
The
hasp
Map
ofShe
Triangle
Caldwell’s Clarion County Atlas 1877
finished. This wellSt.
is Petersburg
on the following
eastern
end
ofown
themanner:
belt,success
indicating
the
general
course
theof
oil
up
holds
and
the
is
order
the
day.
not
them
on
the
precinct,
butisrules
them and nuts.
bolts its
passing
through
the to
door
tooperator
thetolerate
interior.
On
the
ends
of
theThis
bolts
are screws
Athe
Narrow
Escape
the Clarionsplendid
River. territory,by
and
the gift
of
continuance
inhad
a wonderful
June
17,
1872
out
in was
thedegree.
conditions
of
allnut,
her
leases.
Inthe
spite
of and they136
All,has
therefore,
that
the prisoner
to
do
toonunscrew
the
pull
back
door,
The well on
the was
Master
farm
near
Monroeville,
township,
Turkey
Run,
isprivations
There
never
as
much
activity
as atBeaver
present,
and
should
the
present
price
ofcharged
oil beofwith
this
lack
of diversion
and
city forgery,
life,
werevein
free.
One
the
fugitives
was
the
young
man
Victorine
whose
down about
1,000 feet.orAshould
strong
of
gasof
struck
and
the
well
isatnow
throwing
aaSnyder,
heavy
Oil
onwas
the
Brain
Onprosperity
the night
the
fire
Mr.
in
the neighborhood
was
it go
the
ofof
this
region
willisBronson’s
be
without
agentleman
parallel.
– residing
East
the
said
grow
and
flourish,
having
some
Well
No. 6maintained,
thewater.
Foust–farm,
owned
by
Spencer
others,
is a upon
new
strike,
which
is discovered
case
wehigher,
mention
in
another
column;
thetown
other
was
atodrunk
and
disorderly
named
volume
ofonBrady
salt
Clarion
Democrat
roused
byand
the
alarm,
and
raising
up in
bed
thegood
window
ofBrennan.
his chamber open and
Independent
Wells
along
the Clarion
river
at
Grass
Flats
thousand
and
more
inhabitants
temperate
yielding
25 or 30sorry
barrels too,
per
day.
“I’m
awfully
Dad.”
the Well
outline
of a human figure,
which
he
supposed
to beofentering
the room. Having a revolver
Courtesy Drake
Museum
andseized
industrious
habits.
Oil
Matters,
May
20,
1872
under
his pillow,
he
at1872
once
and
fired
it, and
what was his horror at 489
discovering that he
About
Oil at St.
Petersburg,
June
1872
the gay days of Petrolia City, when
Oil Items,
June
18,
1872
had
shotJune
at his 8,
own
wife. 15,
She had
risen before her husband awoke and was looking from the
Oil on theInBrain
everybody had money, there was among
Oil
Matters,
27,
1872
window
to learn
the location
ofththe
fire.The
TheArmstrong
ball from well,
the pistol
slightlyRun,
grazed
her right arm,
The
Oilman’s
Journal
of MayMay
11
says:
on Turkey
Stubble
St. owned
Petersburg,
June6 12,
1872,
Editor
Herald:
its citizens a leading oil producer and
Well
No.
on
the
Foust
farm,
bywell,
Spencer
and others,
is aforIt
new
strike,
which
is
and
what
narrowly
proved
domestic
tragedy,
terminated
in yielding
harmless
fright.20 barrels
A new well
by Kittanning
parties
was
struck
on the
Meldren
farm
last week.
farm,
above
the
oldowned
Hulings
hasabeen
pumping
some
ten days
about
There
fourindications
wells
tubed
on
Monday
Tuesday,
on the
D. Ritts
farm,corner
whichofcommember of the Petrolia Oil has
Exchange.
yielding
or
thirty
barrels
per
day.
St.
Petersburg,
Penna.
Another
hasand
been
struck
on
southeast
the Dan Ritts490
farm, the
not been tubed
yet,were
buttwenty-five
the
arelarge
for
awell
40 barrel
well.
per
day.
menced
asproduction
follows:
This gentleman was reported to be worth
of
which
is about
125Slickler
barrels
per
day.
M.
Cool &pumping
Lockhard’s
wellonknown
as
“Greely
No.
1,”
on
the E.
Logue
farm,
east
theGary andand
A well
on the
farm,
owned
by
Mr.ofRobbed,
Chambers
others,
on1872
the west branch
Blakslee
Bros.
May
14,
Oil
the
Brain
Helene
McKinney
The
Speers
well,28thwhich
caught
drilling
into
third
sand,
causing
the death
of
three hundred thousand dollars.
He was
The
Lee
& fire
Thomas
the
D.
farm
wasbarrels
completed
last
Thursday
andthe
hashole as the
Clarion
River, was
tubed
on the
ofoflast
month
andwhile
reported
us Ritts
as
doing
100
Turkey
Run,
iswas
inwell
the on
third
sand
and
large
quantities
ofSt.oilPetersburg,
are
flowing
from
1975
Frank
Robert
Bowen,
is 20
good
forper
50–day.
orOwners
60 barrels.
a man of faultless Final
dress, free
sincetoyielded
10
barrels
Words
of with
oil perhis
day. ItLevans
is sinceand
reported
be drilling
doing
barrels.
Petersburg,
Progress
progresses.
and The
others
expect
a largeeighteen
well. years of age hailing from Buffalo, was yesterJohn
Gilgrist,
a young
man
money, gallant in bearing Delo
and withal
aFleming
fitSalem Township
VerbachCounty
&ItCo.,
of
Warren,
Penna.,
got
aabout
new
well
on their
lease
on
the
D.
Ritts
& Salsbury
No. 2, Collner
farm,
was
torpedoed
last
Thursday
when
she
comisday
said
that the
well
on have
the Collner
farm,
struck
some
weeks
ago,
still
continues
to
Oil Farm,
– Caldwell’s
Clarion
Atlas
1877
491
arrested
by
Officer
Miller
on
a
charge
preferred
against
him
for
stealing
boiler makers’
tools
companion
for
the
bravest.
John Mather was a photographer from Titusville
whotothrough
hissuch
efforts
captured
the
early
farm,
is pumping
over
100
barrels
per He
day.
It
filled
two
barrel
tanks
four
menced
flow with
force
thatwhich
she
lifted
a setfrom
of tools
on
a day.
plank
over
hole,
and250
yield
near
200
barrels
of oil
per
This
isthe
the
largest
well
in thePatterson,
entireindistrict.
Oil on the Brain
thestanding
shop
last
Friday.
was
taken
before
Justice
pleddays’
guilty, and was sentenced
The old proverb,
fool Edwin
and1800Drake
days of Oildom. Mather’s photographs
span from“A
Colonel
Bradford
and beyond. The
weighing
lbs., to
clear
off pumping.
and
well oninthe
south
side
the $50
Clarion opposite the mouth of Turkey Run is in
to Blair
six months
county
jailoftheir
and
soon
good
inMather
this
Throughouthis
mymoney
research
I’vepart,”
askedheld
myself,
photographs
Chalfant,
Co. hole
havethe
a well
storefine.
lot
in Petersburg,
pumping
30 barset “If
them
to one
side. She isexist
nowof Venango’s
the thirdGraff
sand.&The
isgot
filled
to aonconsiderable
extent
with oil while
a goodly
amount flows
case, linked
in arms
with
“Old
Pithole and Red Hot,particular
where is Clarion’s
Antwerp
and
Keating
City
or
what
became
of
many
Butler
rels
per
day.
doing
about
50 barrels.
– Volcano
out
as the drilling
It 1877
is expected to prove a good
113well when the drilling is completed
Blair
Residence
and
Blair’sinCorners
– Caldwell’s
Clarionprogresses.
County Atlas
John Barleycorn.”
He passed
down
life’s
County oil field photographs?”
Altogether
there are
3,274
Mather
glassHotel,
negatives
the Drake
Harris
wellRobert
is
pumping
Lubricator
andwell
the
put
inBlair
motion.
The Hotel
was built during
theThe
Civil
War pump
with
as150 barrels per day.
Oil on the Brain museum. To my dismay,
highway
at ahave
merry
clip.’the answer. For
I may
found
Porterfield
& Crawford have a new well about 20 rods southeast from the Harris
theproprietor.
last two Th
months
is hotel wasTreat,
torn down
in the 1940’s.
Thisdevastated
writer sawTitusville
him shaking
dice
In 1892 a terrible flood
putsection
over fiveknown
feet ofaswater
Mather’s
well,
which
is doing 30 barrels per day.
the and
entire
the in
with over
an equally
spirit at fifty
dollars
Studio. Destroyed were
16,000 rush
irreplaceable,
historical
glass
negatives
of people, places
andwell owned by Palmer & Co., directly south of the Harris and just a few rods
A new
Petersburg
district
has decreased
114
a throw
and
a few years later in
saw
him in There are a number
things throughout the
early oil
fields.
distant, is pumping about 100 barrels per day.
production.
last stages
of alcoholism,
a in process
Maybe, justthe
maybe,
the photographs
I, as aasking
oil
student
dream of,ofwere
of and others of Oil City are testing a well on the John Ashbaugh farm, which
Dr. Smith
of history
newforwells
drill-the victims
dime
to
get
a
drink.
Speculation,
wine,
and
the cruel oil covered muddy waters of oil creek. ing, but the principal excitement
promises to be a 50 barrel well.
manyand
oil
country
Much morewomen
can and have
shouldwrecked
be researched
recorded
earlyregion.
days of oil in North
seems
to beabout
in thethelower
livesMany
and crumpled
many and
fortunes.
“I
115
Western Pennsylvania.
lost photographs
written
histories
still rest
in forgotten places.
The
Petersburg
district
is drained
wonder
this writerofwas
talking
This text is a smalljust
insight
into who
the beginning
oil two
discovery
in our the
“Lower
Fields.”
is my
by
pipe lines,
Antwerp
ViewItfrom
Emlenton along the Allegheny River looking towards Fullerton,
about?” (The
author)
hope that this information
will help
you, theCropp
student
of Salem
oil the
history,
better
understand
those
the
oil loading
dock for the Antwerp Pipe Line Company
Pipe
Line,
office
of
which
Farm,
Township
– Caldwell’s
Clarion
County
Atlas1877
Gold”
by Rex
wonderful exciting(“Flowing
days of both
“Boom”
and Beach,
“Bust!”
–Fullerton,
Gary Mc Kinney
is atHarper
and the Mutual
and Bros., Publishers, NewPipe
YorkLine
and of Foxburg. By these
116
“I’m awfully sorry too, Dad.”
London, England. The Oil andthe
Gasoil
Man’s
is taken from the wells
and
Jefferson Furnace near Jefferson City
Magazine, Published in Butler,
Pennsylbrought
to the storage tanks, from Courtesy
of Venango County Historical Society
vania, 1913)
Receipt from Chalfant & Graff, St. Petersburg, 1875
which it is shipped to its different
destinations.
117County Atlas 1877
Knappenberger Oil Farm, Salem Township – Caldwell’s Clarion
Karns City, 1873
A warm summer’s day in oil country frozen forever in time. The derrick
in the center is the “Shasta” well drilled by the Cooper Brothers in June
1872. It came in at 120 barrels and the Karns City “Boom” was on.
118
These old photographs are so important to the story and can actually take the
reader back into time. Imagine, you working on the “Shasta”, imagine, you
driving your horse and buggy down a tree lined country road, imagine...
135
Map of Triangle – Caldwell’s Clarion County Atlas 1877
136
489
490
Gary and Helene McKinney
St. Petersburg, 1975
491
492
492
Oil on the Brain
B b og aphy
SOURCES
Oil on the Brain
Allegheny Cemetery, Butler St., Pittsburgh, Penna.
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J., History
of Clarion
County,
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FieldPennsylvania,
Directory for 1887
1872, 1872, Ashby & Vincent Publishing Co.,
Democratic Herald,
(Butler Library on
Erie,Butler,
Penna.Pennsylvania, Jacob Ziegler, Editor, June 1870
Oil on theFirst
BrainOil Field, 1942
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Derrick Ashbaugh,
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CREDITS
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Pennsylvania,”
Illustrated,
published
by Pomeroy,
Oil on the Brain
Penna.
Co.,goes
Philadelphia,
1876
A specialDerrick
thanks
toofthe
staff
at theoffollowing
locations
for their
assistance:
Publishing
Souvenir,
Illustrating
City
ofand
Oil
City,Philadelphia,
1896
“Atlas
theCo.,
County
Butler,”
G.
M.the
Hopkins
Co.,
1874
“Destructive
Floods
Times, February 5, 1883
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of Butler,
the in
OilPennsylvania,”
Region,” BeersNew
and York
Co., 1864
Butler County
Library,
Penna.
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of the
Butler
Oil
Region,”
J. Wiggins
and Co., 1873
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J. H.,
and
Co.,Clarion,
The Progress,
St. Petersburg,
Penna.
Clarion County
Society,
Penna.
Dolson,Historical
Hildegarde,
The
Oilorado,
1959 1924, Brentano’s Publishers, New York, NY
Bayne,
Samuel
G.,Great
Derricks
of Destiny,
Clarion Printing,
Clarion,
Donehoo,
GeorgePenna.
P.,Bountiful
Pennsylvania,
History, Lewis
Publishing
Co., Inc.,
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ButlerACounty,”
Butler Historical
County
Historical
Society,
Lenn1926
“Pithole”
Drake Well
Library
at theEast
Pennsylvania
Historical
and Museum
Commission,
EastMuseum
Brady Independent,
Brady, Penna.
Dec. 1869
- Mar. 1871,
Editor Samuel Young
McCorry
Titusville,
Penna.,
special
to Susan
Beates
(found
on with
microfilm
atrecognition
Butler Library,
Butler,
Penna.)
Beers,
J.H.
and
Co.,Penna.
Commemorative
Biographical
Record of Central Pennsylvania, 1898
Edenburg
Public
Library,
Knox,
Eaton, Rev. S.J.M.,
“Nature’s
Wonder
Gift to Man”,
Petroleum:
History
the Oil
Region
Brian,
Petrolia,
The Landscape
of America’s
FirstAOil
Boom,ofJohn
Hopkins
University
Foxburg Free Black,
Library,
Foxburg,
Penna.
of Venango
County,
Pennsylvania, 1866
Press
Indiana County
Historical
Society,
Indiana,
Penna.
Emlenton
Sun, Emlenton,
Penna.
Botsford,
Harry,
The
Valley
of Oil, 1946, Hastings House, New York, NY
Oil City Empire
Library,
History
Room,
Oil
City,
Penna.
Gas
&
Fuel
Ltd.,
Empire
Bradley,
75th
Anniversary
Booklet, 1956, Wellsville, NY
Bradford
Landmark
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Record Press,
Rimersburg,
Penna.
Flaherty,
Kathy J.,Public
Hills,Library,
Dales and
Oil Trails:
Pittsburgh to Titusville Penna. 2003 Field Trip,
Bradford
Penna.
Venango County
Genealogical
OilBradford,
City Library,
Oil City,
2003
Brown,
GeorgeClub,
W., Old
Times
in Oildom,
1909,Penna.
Derrick Printing Co., Oil City, Penna.
Forestville
Cemetery,
Forestville,
New720
York
Buffalo
Bill
Historical
Center,
Sheridan
Avenue, Cody, Wyoming
And also:FranklinBuffalo
Cemetery,
Franklin,
Penna.
Historical
Society,
Buffalo, New York
Paul Ashbaugh
ofBuffalo
St. Petersburg,
Penna.Buffalo,
Freeport
Public
Library,
Freeport,
Penna.
Public
Library,
NewNew
YorkYork
Mildred “Genealogical
L. Becker,
Village
Historian,
Forestville,
and
Personal
History
of1872,
the Allegheny
Valley,
Pennsylvania,”
John W.Butler,
Jordan,Penna.,
Butler
County
Citizen,
June,Butler
Butler, Penna.
(found
in Butler
Library,
Becky Crum Reinsel,
Executive
Director,
County
Historical
Society,
Butler,
Penna.
1913 microfilm)
Clifford Dittman
ofPaul
St. H.,
Petersburg,
Penna.Society,
Giddens,Butler
“Contemporary
Accounts
1859-1872,
The Use
of the Main
Divining
RodButler,
in Lo-Penna.
County
Historical
National
City Bank
Building,
Street,
Roger Eddinger
of Foxburg,
Penna.
cating
Oil
Wells”,
Days
of Oil, 1947,
Princeton
University
Press,Society,
Princeton,
NJGoldinger
“Butler
County,
theEarly
Second
Hundred
Years,”
Butler and
County
Historical
Ralph
Barbara L.
Hajel
of
Knox,
Penna.,
for
the
Edenburg
photographs
invoice
Henry
H.
Cumings
Obituary,
Warren
County
Mirror,
May
15,
1913 headings
andResearcher,
Audrey Fetters
Sarah Lavadsky,
Receptionist,
Butler
County
Historical
Society,
Butler,
Penna.
Henry, James
T.,
“The
Robert’s
Torpedo”,
The Early
and1937,
Later
History
of Petroleum
with
Eagle,
“J.V.
Ritts Death
Notice”,
June
24,
Butler,
Penna.
Billy Master ofButler
St.
Petersburg,
Penna.
Authentic
Facts
in RegardHistorical
to its Development
in Western
Pennsylvania,
1873,
J. (Reprint,
V.
J.A.,
Illustrated
Atlas of Clarion
County,
Pennsylvania,
1877
Homer Miller,Caldwell,
Turkey
Historian,
Roger City
Co.,
Philadelphia,
Penna.Penna.
Record
Press, Bradford,
Rimersburg,
Penna.)
Lenn G.“Historic
“Pithole”
McCorry,
Butler
County
Oil Historian
Landmarks
and Places,
Butler
County,
Pennsylvania,” Lenn
McCorry,
ButlerSt.
County
Centennial
History
St. Petersburg
Book,
1872-1972,
Petersburg,
Karle Delbert
Mc Kinney,
my dad,Committee,
who shared his
appreciationCentennial
of history with
me
Historical
Society
Zelma and
Nellie,
myPenna.
grandmother
and
aunt
thank1876-1976,
you forPennsylvania,”
your
lovePenna.
of history
History
Committee,
The, Knox
Centennial
Book
Knox,
Centennial
Souvenir
of great
Butler
and—
Butler
County,
Goodwin and Curry
Carol West
Shaffer,
“Rich
Uncle
Marcus,”
Hulings
family
research
“History“Centennial
of Armstrong
County,ofPennsylvania,”
Robert
Walter
Souvenir
Butler County,”
Godwin
andSmith,
Curry 1883
Lawrence
ShoupClarion
of
Petersburg,
Penna.
“History
of St.
Butler
County,
Pennsylvania,”
Waterman
Watkins
and Co.,Book,
Chicago,
Illinois,Clarion,
County
Historical
Committee,
Clarion and
County
Centennial
1840-1940,
Cal Stevens,
Penna.
1883Karns City, Penna.
Harold “Red”
Stoughton,
Chicora,
Penna.
Thanks
for theDec.
ride1875-Jan.
through the
Butler
County
oil Library
Holy Cross
Cemetery,
Lackawanna,
NewPenna.
York
The
Clarion
Democrat,
Clarion,
1880
(Clarion
Public
fields.
Hulings, L. W., microfilm)
Publisher, March of Progress 1775-1933, 1933, Corsica, Penna.
David L.Hunter
Weber,Clark,
Pleasantville,
Penna., OilThe
Researcher
and
Cumings
Obituaries,
News, Tidioute, Penna.
James, Spindletop,
1952
Ralph Vasey
of St.
Petersburg,
Penna.
“If These
Hills Could
Talk,”Review
Brady’s Showing
Bend Historical
Society,ofBrady’s
Bend,
Penna.
“Cram’s
Descriptive
Development
the State
of Pennsylvania,”
1917
“In Memoriam,
Henry
andAdventures
Charlotte Cumings,”
by Rev.
Fradenburgh,
Derrick Publishing
Cribbs, John
W.H.
,The
of Jack Cribbs,
First
Volume, 1909
Co., 1913,
Oil City,
Penna.
Daniel
O’Day
Obituary,
Buffalo
News, Buffalo,
NewJeanna,
York, October
16, 1906
A special
thanks
goes
to my
two best
animal
Fawn and
my two little
minJ. Wiggins
and Co.,
Butler
County
Oil friends.
Field Directory,
1873
pins kept
me company
Their thoughts
and opinions
were
well Valley,
taken. 1913
Jordan,
John W., and
Thewarm.
Genealogical
and Personal
History of
thealways
Allegheny
Arf-arf
The Journal, Parker City, Penna., March 1876, Clark493
Wilson, Proprietor (found on microfilm
Gary S. Mc
KinneyLibrary)
at Butler
494
497
498
Oil on the Brain
Hayden Hotel, 200
Hunter, Jahu, 464-466
Hunter, Lady, 467
Hayes, President, 157
Hunter, Livingston L., 466
Rutherford B., 157
Kruger,Huselton,
Paul, 280 B. C., 483
K Hayes,
Hays, Senator Thomas, 396
Huselton,
Kuhn, Leroy,
429Theodore, 428
Kane, John
S.,W.
400G., 396
Oil
Hays,
Hutchinson,
160on the Brain
Kurtz, John
M., 145 C. P.,
Karns, Duncan,
3, 392,
357, 396
358, 407, 409, 474, 479
Haysville,
Hyner,
R.76,
Farm,
156
Thorn Run
Creek,
486 D.,
Vensel, Nelson,
26, 54,
95, 148
Karns,
Samuel
379, 405, 407
Hazelton,
233
L 237
Savings
Bank,Duncan,
465-466
Vleck, Van,
Karns,
Samuel
Healey,
Thomas,409,
461474
Oil onTidioute
the
Brain
I James M., 19
Tilford,
J.
B., 476
Karns,
Stephen
Duncan,
Lambing,
Heart,
D., 208 407
Andrew,
76 J.358
Karns
Bank,
Ireland,
N., 369
John,L.366
Hearts,
J.478
D., 204
Wilson,Tippery,
Alexander,
1Trust
Y W Lamburg,
Bank,
Karns
City,
399,
410 75
Iron
City,
109,
Langworthy,
F. H.,
360418
Heeter,
Amos,
Wilson,Titusville
Augustus,
248
A.96K.,
488
Lydia
H., 288
Young, Waldron,
David, 12,Larkin,
Karns
Obituary,
474187
Iron
Furnace,
William,
323 117, 131, 294, 310
Heeter,
D.,
Wilson,Tompkins,
Chas, 70
O. K.,
486
John,
335
Samuel, 392
Karns
Pipe
Line,Dan,
358,149
404, 420, 475 Young, Waldron,
Iron
Pipe Line,
Laughner,
James,
75 361, 363
Heeter,
Wilson,Tonks,
Clark,
334,
336
Walker,
Billy,
195
33, 35-37,
93, 17,
130,
274-276,
387
Youngsville,
347-348,
353,
383,
479
Keating,
John,
75,
310
Iron
Tanks,
61, 207, 354, 401, 404, 409,
Lawrenceburg,
331,60,
356
Heeter,
Daniel,
75,
148
Wilson,Torpedo,
E., 86, 237
Walker,
Jennie
G.,
30
City,
196-197,
211-212,
Youngsville
Savings
Bank,
348J. W.,
Keating,
Judge,
83, 131,
289
Irwin,
David,
6 26, 162
Heeter,
William,
153 240, 245,
Wilson,Triangle
Harry247,
W.,
462 108,
Walker,Lawson,
May,
317
251
KeatingHeeter
City, 45,
50, 108,
191,
491 153, 182, 187,
Isaac,240-241,
Reecher,
Lee,
John,
42069
Farm,
119,
148-149,
189-191,
Wilson, Judge,
284
Walley,
John,
327
Triangle
City
Hotel,
196,
211,
245
Keating
Farm,
13,
64,
95-97,
119-120,
146-149,
Ishman,
J., 186 234, 265
Leedom
and Patterson,
Wilson, Major,
373Map, 136208, 283
Z
Warden,
Will,
430
154 Heiner, J. H., 146
Levans,
Frank,
117
Wilton,Triangle
Chief, 283
Warden,
William
435
Zahniser,
A. J., 461
324,
Nick, 327
Levi, Alfred,
6828, 202
Heiner,
Winner,Troutman,
JosephKeener,
E.,
v 439
JG.,
Washington,
George,
Zahniser,
John N.,
461
Simon,
14699John, 364
Keir, S.3,Henderson,
M.,
Levy,
Howard
M., 445
Charles,
482
Winsch,Truby,
J.Trunkey,
F., 310
Washington
City,
55
Zavinger,
J. H., 174
Jack,
Tillman,30,247
Judge,
282
Kennedy,
J. Q. Flora,
A., 321385
Lincoln,
Abraham,
156, 471
Henri,
Winsor, G.
W., 174,
179,
206
Watkins,
H. W.,Jack,
155 William,
Zehrung,
W. S., 444
153
Turkey
Bank,
258, J.489
Kennedy,
Jane,
53H., 171
Litzenberg,
Don, 429
Henry,
Wire Rope,
445City
Colonel
Thomas,
1 L., 81,
Zeigler,Watson,
Jacob, 319,
321Jackson,
Andrew,
75, 131,
313 288, 360, 419
Directory,
Kerr,Business
R.Henshaw,
M., 360
Lockwood,
Marcus.
A., 417259
Wolf, J.Turkey
D., 248City
Watson,
Zelienople,
487 J., 268 Jackson,
F.,124
79
City
Hotel,
259-260
Keystone
Pipe
Line,22-23,
420 109, 171, 173
Oil Farm,
Hepp,
Fred,
Wright,Turkey
E.Turkey
G., 196
Watson,Logue
Jonathon,
10, 303
254,
Jackson,
M.,474
360
City
Map,
132
Kibbe,
W.,
69Charles E., 372
Herr,
Watson,Loguetown,
W.
S., 223
Jackson,
O. P., 418
Turkey Run
Kier,Bank,
S. Herron,
M.,262
80, 146,
244, 285
Loomis,
J. H., 174
D.,
68
Watt, Charlie,
283
James, Abram,
Turner, John,
153-154,
193,22-23,
237
Kier, Samuel,
442
Los Angeles,
278, 297,273
474
Hess, Dave,
253
Watt, Chas,
69 Jamison,
John
Kiley, J.Hess,
D., 211
Loughner,
Sam,
184 B., 368
John, 253
Watt and
McElwain,
6598
Jefferson,
9, 28, 108, 117, 120, 137, 148, 187-188,
Tom,
357
Jesse,
U King,
Hess,
Michael, 150, 194
Weaver,Lovell,
Cooney,
317
223-225, 75
229, 232, 234, 238, 240-241, 243, 253,
Kirk, David,
453,
480
Lowers,
Hill, J.,
237
Undertaker,
40-41
Webb City,
289 Anthony,
256, 294,
Kirley,
Barney,
185 Kate, 476
Jacob,
75 453, 486
Hillenmeyer,
Unicum, Kiser,
Edward,
180
Weeds,Lowers,
Sam, 172
Jefferson
Furnace, 117
Damal,
267 Alphonse, 448
William,
186-187
Hinterlang,
Union Pipe
Line,
60, 213-214,
243, 260, 374, 420,
Weller,Lusk,
Joseph,
310-311
Jefferson
Kiser,
Joseph,
Lyons,
C., 370Hotel, 253
Hoch, 265
Martin, 415
478 Kistler,
Wellman,
Dr., J.37
Jennings, Richard, 325, 327, 379, 419
D. L., 80Ben, 110-111, 175, 251-252, 267,
Hogan,
322-323, 286,
United Pipe
Line,
60,61,
243,
286,
369-370,
372,
387,
Wellsville,
475
Johnson,
Adam, 75
Kittanning,
118,
146,
348, 350,
384
333,
368,
373,379-384,
384,
386,
388-390,
417,
398, 420,
467Charles, 75
Welsh, J.M
H., 22,Johnson,
69
B. G., 196
Kline,
481, 488 229, 260
United States
Hotel,
Werner, John,
290
Johnson,
C. 204
E., 162
Mackey,
Ann, 202,
Klinger,
Joel,155,
75Mayor, 382-383
Hogan,
West, A. Magill,
A., 91, Johnson,
212,
254,B.,
290,
475
Dr.
F.373,
J., 181
Lyman
466
Klinger, Julius,G.
319
W., 462
Westermann,
H.Johnson,
L.,Dr.,
414373
F. I., 65, 99
Mahneke,
Charles,
75
V Klotz,Hood,
Hooks City, 486
Westinghouse,
George,
292
Johnson,
Michael,
Malarkey,
Thomas,
75 210
Knappenberger
Oil Farm,
Hovey427
Twp.,
314 135
Van Syckel,
Samuel,
Westmoreland,
43, John,
53, 149-150,
Johnston,
Moses,200,
107204-205
Malloney,
21
Knause,
Samuel,
98 Estella, 461
Van Syckle,
M.Howe,
E.,
153Birdie
Westmoreland
Bakery,
200,
204-205
Johnston,
Tip,
248
Malthorn,
John,
26,
148
Knight,
Daniel,
75, 194,
Howe,
Harry,
461294
Vandegrift,
J.
J.,
419
Westmoreland
Hotel,
149W.402
Johnston,
W., 214
Manning,
Daniel,
Knight
Oil
Farm,
140 E., 369
Hughes,
James
Vandergrift,
Jacob
Jay, A.,
470-471
Wetter, Major
Henry,
244
Jones,
David,
Mansion,
Karns,
358,17,
409182
Knoch,
John
445 16, 43, 202
Hugus,
Simon,
Vandergrift,
William,
435
Wheeler,Map
Fred,ofJones,
447
Jr., 75
Blair, George
134
Candace,
A. A.,471
8-9, 40, 46, 120, 162
Vasey, J.Kohlmeyer,
P.,
166Hulings,
White, Dr.,
292 Jones,
J. T.,
John,
312,243,
331265
Kohlmeyer,
Henry,
Hulings,
M.,310
8-10, 39-40, 62, 64, 109, 162,
218 Marshall,
Vaux, Sara
Anson,
51
Whitehill,
David,
1,Mary,
194
Jones,
William,
Marshall,
380 98
Captain
George,
Michael,294
9
Vensel,Kribbs,
Albert, Hulings,
15Christian,
R. D., Jordan,
444S. S.,Adam,
86 75
294 108-109, 187, 240, 242Whitely, Marshall,
Vensel,Kribbs,
Alfred, Hummel
76George,Farm,
Whitling,Martin,
Dan, Jordan,
69John, 148,
John363
W., 474, 494
138,Martin,
294 63-64
Vensel,Kribbs,
B.,Kribbs,
100,Hunsicker,
102
Whitling,Martin,
George,M.14,
C.,7658-59, 81
P.
F.,
234,
238,
293-295
Vensel, Barney,
13,
18, 108,
22-23,
Whittling,
Daniel,
76
Martin,
Samuel,
75
Farm,
13854, 69, 76, 96, 116,
172,Kribbs
175, 223
Whittling,
George, 76,363
98
Martinsburg,
George
Vensel,Kribbs,
C., 18, 54,
191, Farm,
223 138
505
Whittling,
Wm. H.,
87 L., 370
Masson,
Frank
George,
Vensel,Krug,
Charles,
54, 76,483
223
Widel, Eugene, 56
Vensel, Hannah, 54
Widle, Elias, 306
Vensel, Jacob, 18, 53
506 Hotel, 355
Wilcox
Vensel, Melissa, 463
Wildman, F. J., 237
Governor, 157
Oil onHayes,
the Brain
ndex
511
Title page - Full title of the book and full
name of author (no page number appears)
Copyright page (back side of page, no
page number) - Information explaining the
cover or credits for its creation, the ISBN,
the LCCN, and the copyright symbol,
date and name of copyright holder (ex.,
copyright ©2008 John Smith)
Dedication - Inscription offering the book to
a person, cause, etc., in testimony of affection or respect
(Table of) Contents - List of each section
and beginning page number
(List of) Illustrations - Page-numbered list of
maps, drawings, plates, tables, figures, etc.
Foreword - Short introductory statement usually by someone other than author
Preface - May include the book’s purpose,
method of research and/or permissions granted
Acknowledgments - Author’s statement of
appreciation for assistance in preparation
Text:
Introduction - Preliminary statement that
serves as a guide to the book
Chapters - Generally begin on the right-hand
side (odd-numbered page; however, no
number appears)
Back Matter:
Appendix - Explanations and clarifying material, texts of documents, long lists, etc.
Endnotes - Identifies the text pages to which
the notes apply
Glossary - Alphabetical list of unfamiliar
terms and definitions
Bibliography or Reference List - List of
source materials; direction to another book,
passage, etc.
Addendum - Additional information
Index - Alphabetical listing(s) of names, places
and/or subjects contained within the book
512
3
Copyright, ISBN, LCCN and Sales Tax
Before you publish your work, you might want to consider obtaining a copyright, LCCN, ISBN, and/or Sales
Tax License. The following defines these.
Copyright
Copyright law gives the author of a creative effort the exclusive right
to control who can make copies, or make works derived from the original work. To secure copyright of a publication, registration through the
Copyright Office is not necessary. From the time the work is created
in tangible form, copyright protection is immediate and automatic.
There are, however, certain advantages to registration: primarily, for
documentation on public record, but also as a necessity for infringement
suits and other legal matters.
Only the author, co-authors or those deriving their rights through
the author, can rightfully claim copyright. Authors are responsible
for registering for a copyright, if they choose to do so. An application form may be obtained through the Copyright Office website at
www.copyright.gov/forms. A filing fee is required.
ISBN: International Standard Book Number
An ISBN is a 13-digit number (10 digits prior to 2007) that identifies and is unique to one title or edition from one specific publisher. It is not required for publication of a book or book-like product, but aids
booksellers, libraries, universities, wholesalers, and distributors in more efficient marketing of that product. In
particular, bookseller chains and distributors require ISBNs and barcodes on all book products to be entered
into their databases.
In the United States, ISBNs must be obtained through the United States
ISBN Agency, R.R. Bowker. An application for a single ISBN can be found
at: http://www.selfpublishing.com/images/Single-ISBN-application.pdf.
The processing fee information is contained on the application. Processing
can take up to 15 business days, depending on the turnaround category
you choose.
ISBNs are also sold in blocks of 10, 100, 1000, and 10,000. Although
you may have just one book at this time to release, it would be penny-wise
to purchase a block of 10 if there is any chance for a second edition, hardcover/soft cover, other media form, or
possibly another title. The cost of two single ISBNs is more than that of a block of ten.
Each ISBN you receive should be assigned to one title or product, and for each format, binding, or edition.
Once assigned, an ISBN may never be reused. You then must report your title information with its assigned
ISBN to R.R. Bowker to be recorded in their database. Register at: www.bowkerlink.com.
Mechling Bookbindery can generate and apply your compatible barcode to your book product. Barcodes may
also be requested through www.isbn.org or www.bowkerbarcode.com.
4
LOC or LCCN: Library of Congress Control Number
The Library of Congress Control Number, or as designated
before the 1960s, the Library of Congress Card Number (LCCN,
sometimes LOC), is a unique number associated with the bibliographic record created by the Library of Congress for a given book.
Librarians use it to locate a specific record in the national databases and to order catalog cards from the Library of Congress or
from commercial suppliers. 
A Preassigned Control Number (PCN) is a Library of Congress
Control Number which has been “preassigned” to a given work
prior to the work’s publication. To request LOC numbers for
forthcomnig books, a publisher must apply to obtain an account
number and password. Go to http://www.loc.gov/publish/pcn/newaccount.html. Although there is no charge
for a PCN, participating publishers are obligated to send a complimentary copy of all books for which a PCN
was provided immediately upon publication. Also, publishers are required to print the control number on the
back of the title page in the books.
Sales Tax License
Do you need a sales tax license?
Yes.
If you are a Pennsylvania resident and plan to sell your
books in Pennsylvania, you are required by state law to
have a PA Sales Tax Resale Number. The 6 percent state
sales tax is to be collected on every separate taxable sale
(however, sales of property delivered to out-of-state locations are not subject to sales tax.) On taxable sales originating in a city or county that has imposed a local tax, a separate 1 or 2 percent local Sales and Use Tax is imposed. (As
of November 2012, only Allegheny County and the City
of Philadelphia have imposed local taxes in Pennsylvania.)
Sellers are responsible for paying the collected tax to the
state/city on a monthly or quarterly basis. Residents of
other states should check their state laws.
To obtain the PA Sales Tax Resale Number, you must
register your enterprise with the Commonwealth. To register electronically, go to http://www.pa100.state.pa.us. It
may take several days to complete the process.
REV-1220 AS + (1-07)
START
➜
COMMONWEALTH OF PENNSYLVANIA
DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE
BUREAU OF BUSINESS TRUST FUND TAXES
PO BOX 280901
HARRISBURG, PA 17128-0901
PENNSYLVANIA EXEMPTION
CERTIFICATE
CHECK ONE:
STATE OR LOCAL SALES AND USE TAX
STATE OR LOCAL HOTEL OCCUPANCY TAX
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION ASSISTANCE TAXES AND FEES (PTA)
VEHICLE RENTAL TAX (VRT)
This form cannot be used to
obtain a Sales Tax License
Number, PTA License Number
or Exempt Status.
Read Instructions
On Reverse Carefully
(Please Print or Type)
THIS FORM MAY BE PHOTOCOPIED – VOID UNLESS COMPLETE INFORMATION IS SUPPLIED
CHECK ONE:
PENNSYLVANIA TAX UNIT EXEMPTION CERTIFICATE (USE FOR ONE TRANSACTION)
PENNSYLVANIA TAX BLANKET EXEMPTION CERTIFICATE (USE FOR MULTIPLE TRANSACTIONS)
Name of Seller, Vendor, or Lessor
Street
City
State
ZIP Code
NOTE: Do not use this form for claiming an exemption on the registration of a vehicle. To claim an exemption from tax for a motor vehicle, trailer, semi-trailer
or tractor with the PA Department of Transportation, Bureau of Motor Vehicles, use one of the following forms:
FORM MV-1 Application for Certificate of Title (first time registrations)
FORM MV-4ST Vehicle Sales and Use Tax Return/Application for Registration (other registrations)
Property and services purchased or leased using this certificate are exempt from tax because: (Select the appropriate paragraph from the back of this form,
check the corresponding block below and insert information requested.)
1. Property or services will be used directly and predominately by purchaser in performing purchaser's operation of:
2. Purchaser is a/an:
3. Property will be resold under License Number
. (If purchaser does not have a PA Sales Tax License Number,
include a statement under Number 7 explaining why a number is not required.)
4. Purchaser is a/an: ______________________________________________________ holding Exemption Number
5. Property or services will be used directly and predominately by purchaser performing a public utility service.
PA Public Utility Commission PUC Number ______________ and/or US Department of Transportation MC/MX
6. Exempt wrapping supplies, License Number
. (If purchaser does not have a PA Sales Tax License Number,
include a statement under Number 7 explaining why a number is not required.)
7. Other
(Explain in detail. Additional space on reverse side.)
I am authorized to execute this Certificate and claim this exemption. Misuse of this Certificate by seller, lessor, buyer, lessee, or their representative is
punishable by fine and imprisonment.
Name of Purchaser or Lessee
Signature
EIN
Date
Please sign after printing.
Street
City
State
ZIP Code
1. ACCEPTANCE AND VALIDITY:
For this certificate to be valid, the seller/lessor shall exercise good faith in accepting this certificate, which includes: (1) the certificate shall be completed
properly; (2) the certificate shall be in the seller/lessor's possession within 60 days from the date of sale/lease; (3) the certificate does not contain information which is knowingly false; and (4) the property or service is consistent with the exemption to which the customer is entitled. For more information, refer to
Exemption Certificates, Title 61 PA Code §32.2. An invalid certificate may subject the seller/lessor to the tax.
2. REPRODUCTION OF FORM:
This form may be reproduced but shall contain the same information as appears on this form.
3. RETENTION:
The seller or lessor must retain this certificate for at least four years from the date of the exempt sale to which the certificate applies.
DO NOT RETURN THIS FORM TO THE PA DEPARTMENT OF REVENUE.
You will need the PA sales tax resale number, not only
prior to selling your books, but also before purchasing them
from Mechling Bookbindery. Sales for resale are not subject
to tax. When you have obtained the license, complete a PA Sales Tax Exemption Form REV-1220 and submit it
to Mechling Bookbindery before you are invoiced at the completion of your order. No tax will be added to your
total. We are required to retain the form for documentary evidence. For an online fill-in Form Rev-1220 go to:
http://www.redbarnperennials.com/PDF_files/rev-1220_fillin.pdf.
4. EXEMPT ORGANIZATIONS:
This form may be used in conjunction with form REV-1715, Exempt Organization Declaration of Sales Tax Exemption, when a purchase of $200 or more is
made by an organization which is registered with the PA Department of Revenue as an exempt organization. These organizations are assigned an exemption number, beginning with the two digits 75 (example: 75-00000-0).
Reset Entire Form
NEXT PAGE
PRINT FORM
5
Images and Illustrations
If you plan to add photographs and illustrations with your text, never attempt to scan photocopies or prints
from previously scanned and printed materials. The clearest, most precise reproductions are made from the
originals. Additionally, most images downloaded from an Internet site or sent by e-mail have a reduced resolution for quick file transfer; they may appear sharp on your monitor, but will not reproduce well. If your images
were taken with a digital camera, use the file created for best results; it is not necessary to print and scan these
images. Example photos are shown below.
How To Scan
Set the image type (if you want it to be grayscale, black and white, or color) and dpi (dots per
inch). We recommend setting the dpi between 300-600. We do not advise using image files
less than 300 dpi. If your original art will appear the same size in your book or smaller, scan at
300 dpi. If your image will be printed larger in your book than the original size, scan at 400 or
600 dpi. When scanning line art or text, set scanner to black and white and scan at 600 dpi.
If you are scanning photographs from printed media such as books, newspapers or magazines, you
will need to set the “de-screen” option if available. Note: these images are often difficult to scan,
and you must be sure that you are not violating any copyright laws.
Save your image using one of the following file extensions: .tiff, .eps, or .psd. Do not save as a
.jpg, .bmp, or .gif— these file types are not intended for printing.
Original 300 dpi Color File
Image from the Web
6
Grayscale 300 DPI
Scan of a Photocopy
Scan of Printed Copy
Book Covers
Cover Design
You can also submit your own design for the book’s cover. However, we realize that designing an original cover
can be a daunting task. If you have an idea in mind and need our help, we can create a cover for you.
Binding Types
Hardcover Binding
Perfect (Soft) Binding
Saddle Binding
Plastic Coil Binding
We offer several different types of book bindings. You can choose from hardcover (case binding), soft cover (perfect binding), plastic coil (spiral binding),
and saddle-stitch (stapled binding).
Smyth-sewing is the ultimate method for high quality hard or soft bindings.
This time-proven process is done by sewing through the fold on signatures
allowing books to open flat. This is typically used for runs of 100 books or
more. The pages must be printed in 16- or 24-page signatures.
Another popular and durable method is fan-folding, also for either hard or
soft bindings. This glue-only method applies glue to the spinal edge of each
page to about ¹⁄32 of an inch, while being fanned from one side to the other
and then reversed. This type of binding allows the pages to open flat and can
be used on any run length—as few as one book.
Cleat-sewing uses loose pages, as with the fan-fold binding above, rather
than folded signatures. The cleat sewing machine will sew as little as ⅛" thickness up to about 4" thick and in any length up to 14" spine. Wedge-shaped
blocks, or cleats, are cut from the spine by two saw blades. The cleats are then
sewn with thread to fasten the pages together.
For your cover, you can choose from our wide variety of book cloths and
leathers, in countless colors. In addition to the traditional style of cloth casebound books, we offer full color-printed Kivar covers. They are printed from
a computer-generated cover design, then laminated for extra protection. The
possibilities are endless with this type of book cover.
Soft, or perfect, binding is a term used to describe the process of binding
single loose sheets into a book with a wrap-around cover. Most magazines and
paperback books are made with this process. The size can range from just a
few pages to 1¾" thickness. Our binding machine cuts the spine and double
notches it, allowing deep penetration of the hot glue. The covers are scored and
wrapped around the book then pinched to give the spine a square, tight finish.
Full color printed covers, as well as laminated covers, are available.
Saddle-binding, also called “wire stitching” or “stapling,” is made from
paper, stitched in the center and folded. These are most often referred to as
booklets. Finished booklet sizes range from 5½" x 8½" to 9" x 12" and up to
200 pages plus cover. Covers can be made from a variety of paper stock and
weight up to 120# coverstock. A huge variety of colors are available. Finishing
options include full color printing, film lamination and hot foil stamping.
Plastic coil binding or heavy duty double-loop wire binding are other exceptional options, preferred for cookbooks, manuals, music, and other books
that need to lay flat. Coil binding holes are 4:1, meaning 4 holes and loops per
inch. Heavy duty wire bindings are punched 2:1 and the wires are inserted and
crimped. The pages of both bindings can be turned all the way around to the
back (underneath). Wires and coils come in a variety of sizes and colors. Many
types of paper covers are also available.
7
Preparing Files for Submission
As mentioned earlier, we will accept manuscripts created in any one of the following programs: Microsoft
Word, Microsoft Publisher and Adobe InDesign. All files submitted need to be packed (with the exception of
Microsoft Word). Packing files groups all fonts and graphics/images together in one folder. This is important
when transferring files from one computer to another. Please refer to the following instructions on how to
properly pack your files.
Microsoft Word
Microsoft Word does not pack files, so it is important to supply us with all of the fonts used in your document to avoid automatic font substitutions. All images that are inserted into your document are embedded;
therefore it is helpful, but not necessary, to supply us with those files.
Often, when we open a Word document on our computer, the text will reflow, therefore, affecting the
layout. We highly recommend inserting page breaks between your document pages to help prevent the text
from reflowing.
Microsoft Publisher
Adobe InDesign
After you have completed your document, use the
Pack and go wizard to compress and compact the document.
After you have completed the layout of your document, you will need to pack it to ensure that we receive
all of the appropriate files.
1.Choose File; Pack and Go and then
Take to a Commercial Print- ing
Service.
1. To pack the files, choose File; Package. If
an error message appears, you must fix any errors before continuing.
2. The next screen explains how pack and
go wizard will prepare your document
for printing.
2. Fill in the printing instructions in the pop-up
menu. Click CONTINUE.
3.Click Next. Click on BROWSE to select the
location for saving your files. Click Next.
4.The Include fonts and graphics
window will show. Be sure the following boxes
are checked:



Embed True Type fonts
Include linked graphics
Create links for embedded graphics
5.Click Next. The next screen is a summary
of what pack and go wizard will do;
click Finish.
6. After a short period of time, a screen will verify
that your publication was successfully packed.
You have the option of printing your document
before you finish; click Ok.
7. Pack and go wizard will have created
a folder for you, which will contain all art work
and fonts used in your document. When sending your files, be sure to include all of the files
that Microsoft Publisher has included in that
folder.
8
3. Specify a location in which to save your files.
Select the following, as needed:
Copy Fonts (Except CJK)
Include Fonts and Links from Hidden Document Layers
Copy Linked Graphics
View Report
Update Graphic Links in Package
Use Document Hyphenation
Exceptions Only
(In most cases we recommend checking all boxes.)
4.Click OK to continue packing. When finished,
your folder will contain all artwork and fonts
used in your document.
Adobe Acrobat
Those who are experienced in book layout/
design, and wish to supply us with printready files, may do so. When generating a
PDF file, be sure to choose PRESS or PRINT
QUALITY setting, and to EMBED ALL
IMAGES and FONTS.
Submitting Your Work
You may submit your files on external media such as CDs, DVDs, Thumb/Jump Drives, or similar devices.
You may send your files by e-mail, if the files are relatively small, i.e., 1-10 MB. If your files are larger than
10 MB, contact us for a link to upload them.
What to expect
Check List
My checklist:
 Final editing of manuscript completed
 Extra backup files made
 Copyright ordered
 ISBN obtained
 LCCN obtained
 Sales tax exemption certificate applied
for or obtained
Send to us:
 Printed hard copy of manuscript
 All files, including fonts and images
 Any special instructions
 Photos/images to be scanned
 Contact information
 Required payment
1. After receiving all your files and graphic images, and your deposit has been remitted, we
will begin to work on your project.
2. When your project is completed, you will
receive a preliminary proof for your review,
either as a hard or a digital copy.
3. To this proof please make notations of any
changes, and send it back to us with clear instructions for making the corrections. The time
that it takes us to make these modifications is
in addition to the estimate given during our
initial consultation.
4. After we have completed this work, the proof
copy will be sent to you for final approval.
5. Once we have received your final approval,
it typically takes 2-4 weeks for the printing
and binding process; however, this time
frame depends on the size and complexity of
your project.
6. We will contact you as soon as your project
is completed. The final balance is due at the
time of pick-up or prior to shipping.
Self-Promotional Tools
Posters and Business Cards
When your book is in its production phase, you may be thinking about the marketing aspects of your project.
Posters and business cards are effective and inexpensive ways to advertise an upcoming book-signing or to let
friends and family know that you have written a book. Mechling can design and print these for you to jumpstart your self-promotional journey.
9
Business Hours:
Monday–Thursday 8:00 a.m.–4:30 p.m.
Friday 8:00 a.m.–4:00 p.m.
Closed major holidays
We are located on Route 38, just 6 miles north
of Route 422 in Butler, Pennsylvania
1124 Oneida Valley Road - Route 38
Chicora, PA 16025-3820
1-800-941-3735
724-287-2120 Locally
724-285-9231 Fax
e-mail: [email protected]lingbooks.com
Please visit our website for additional information:
www.mechlingbooks.com
Follow us on:
090112