2-D Echocardiogram With or Without Doppler and

Family
Ocelli on each side of the head noticable. Sternites without or with 2 paramedian sulci.
In rare cases with an unpaired median sulcus, 1 never with transverse sulci.
No ocelli, sometimes vaguely margined bright marks instead of ocelli. Sternites with an unpaired median sulcus that is rarely absent, exceptionally with 2 paramedian sulci, always with transversi sulci.
23 pairs of legs. Coxopleurons with long and 2 slender processes.
21 pairs of legs. Coxopleurons usually without noticable processes.
Subfamily
Genus
Subgenus
13.1
2
Scolopocryptopidae
3
Cryptopidae
Ultimate legs extending sublinearly; prefemora with at least one ventral spinous processapiece; Scolopocryptopidae
3 tibiae and tarsi variably setose but unarmed.
Ultimate 2nd tarsi typically flexed against 1st tarsi and lower tibiae to form a "clasping
apparatus"; prefemora unarmed, tibiae and 1st tarsi with "saw teeth"
Scolopocryptopidae
4 Sternites distincly margined laterad.
Scolopocryptopidae
Sternites not marginated laterad.
Scolopocryptopidae
Ultimate legs not modified, leg‐like in overall appearance, with 5 distinct podomeres and 5 terminal claws; entire familial distribution
Scolopocryptopidae
Ultimate legs substantially modified and without claws, either elongated and with considerably more than 5 apparent podomeres or enlarged and swollen
Scolopocryptopidae
10
5
Kethopinae
Kethopinae
Kethopinae
4
Kethops
Thalkethops
Scolopocryptopinae
/
/
6
7
6 7th pedal segment with a pair of spiracles
Scolopocryptopidae
7th pedal segment without spiracles
Scolopocryptopidae
Ultimate legs subclavate in general appearance, distal podomeres inflated and bulbous; Scolopocryptopidae
7 coxopleura short
Ultimate legs elongated by division of 1st tarsi into "pseudoarticles"; coxopleura prolonged
Scolopocryptopidae
8 Ultimate legs with 5 articles
Scolopocryptopidae
Ultimate legs with 4 articles
Scolopocryptopidae
Tarsungula long, nearly completely overlapping in 9 closed position
Scolopocryptopidae
Tarsungula short, apices alone overlapping in closed position
Scolopocryptopidae
Terminal legs of normal size. No eye blots noticable. Coxosternum without tooth plates, 10 simply procurved or with toothless round plates. Cryptopidae
Terminal legs noticably enlarged. Eye blots noticable. Coxosternum with long tooth plates.
Telopodite segments of coxosternum long, gripping over. Anterior margins of coxosternum evenly shaped or a little bit double‐curved, neither with tooth plates nor strong 12 prominences.
Telopodite segments of coxosternum very short, not gripping over. Anterior margins of coxosternum with 2 round plates, sometimes prominenced in an acute angle. 9 pairs of spiracles on the segments 3, 5, 8, 10, 13 12, 14, 16, 18, 20.
19 pairs of spiracles on segments 2‐20.
Scolopocryptopinae
Scolopocryptopinae
Dinocryptops
Scolopocryptops
Ectonocryptopinae
/
/
8
Newportiinae
Ectonocryptopinae
Ectonocryptopinae
Ectonocryptops
Ectonocryptoides
9
/
/
Newportiinae
Newportia
/
Newportiinae
Tidops
/
Cryptopinae
12
Cryptopidae
Plutoniuminae
13
Cryptopidae
Cryptopinae
Cryptops
/
Cryptopidae
Cryptopinae
Paracryptops
/
Cryptopidae
Cryptopidae
Plutoniuminae
Plutoniuminae
Theatops
Plutonium
/
/
13.1 4 lateral ocelli on each side of the head.
1 lateral ocellus on each side of the head.
Calyx of spiracles usually divided with a three‐
14 lapped valve into vestibulum and an inner calyx.
Calyx of spiracles without valves.
Scolopendridae
Mimopidae
Scolopendridae
Scolopendridae
Claws of coxosternum neither in saw‐like shape nor with knife‐shaped appendix. Coxopleural processes well developed. Terminal legs more or less slender, never pincer‐like thickened, often with spines on prefemur, pretarsus shorter than Scolopendridae
15 2nd tarsus. Tarsus with 1‐2 side spines.
Claws of coxosternum in the inner part developed to a "knife" ‐ the margin bares saw‐shaped structures. Coxopleurons without processes. Terminal legs more or less thickened, pincer‐like. Prefemur of terminal legs without spines. Pretarsus very strong and longer than 2nd tarsus. Terminal tarsi without spines.
Scolopendridae
4 antenna segments glabrous or sparsely hirsute. Coxosternal sulci of tooth plates appear as an obtuse angle. Coxosternal claws are divided into 13 saw‐like segments. Last sternite noticably 16 narrowed in posterior part.
Scolopendridae
7 antenna segments glabrous. Coxosternal sulci of tooth plates appear as a right angle. Coxosternal claws are divided into 9 saw‐like segments. Last sternite noticably truncated in the posterior part.
Scolopendridae
14
/
Mimops
Scolopendrinae
23
15
Otostigminae
17
Sterropristinae
16
Sterropristinae
Malaccolabis
/
Sterropristinae
Sterropristes
/
Sternites without or with two paramedian sulci, but never with unpaired sulci. Coxosternum with 17 well‐developed tooth plates.
Sternites with unpaired paramedian sulci. Coxosternum without tooth plates.
9 spiracles on segments (3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 18, 20)
10 spiracles on segments (3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20)
Scolopendridae
Otostigminae
Scolopendridae
Otostigminae
Scolopendridae
Otostigminae
19
Scolopendridae
Otostigminae
21
19 Final segments of terminal legs ordinarily shaped. Scolopendridae
Tibia and tarsi of terminal legs leaf‐ or rocket‐like broadened.
Scolopendridae
Otostigminae
20
Femur of terminal legs in males baring a cylindric appendix. Pretarsus of 2nd maxillae without a side spine. 2nd telopodite segment of 2nd 20 maxillae without a noticable spine.
Scolopendridae
Femur of terminal legs in males without a cylindric appendix. Pretarsus of 2nd maxillae with a side spine. 2nd telopodite segment of 2nd maxillae with a noticable spine.
Scolopendridae
Prefemur of cososternum without an inner spine. Usually 4, sometimes 3 sparsely hirsute antenna segments. 2nd maxillae usually with 2 and rarely 21 with 1 side spine.
Scolopendridae
Prefemur of coxosternum with inner spines. Usually 3, rarely 4 sparsely hirsute antenna segments. 2nd maxillae with 1 side spine.
Scolopendridae
18
Edentistoma
Otostigminae
Alipes
Otostigminae
Digitipes
/
Otostigminae
Otostigmus
/
Otostigminae
Ethmostigmus
Otostigminae
22
1st tarsus of terminal legs ordinary, without protruding 2nd tarsus. Prefemur with or without Scolopendridae
22 prefemoral process.
Otostigminae
Rhysida
/
1st tarsus of terminal legs protruding over the base of the very small 2nd tarsus. Prefemur with a noticable cone instead of prefemoral process. Scolopendridae
Otostigminae
Alluropus
/
Coxopleurons with pores. Antenna overhanging 23 at least the 2nd tergite, usually more.
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
Coxopleurons without pores. Antenna very short, even not overhanging the 1st tergite.
Scolopendridae
24 23 pairs of legs. 1st tarsus shorter than 2nd.
Scolopendridae
21 pairs of legs.
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
Scolopendrinae
Scolopendrinae
Asanada
Scolopendropsis
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
Rhoda
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
26
Scolopendridae
Scolopendridae
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
Scolopendrinae
Scolopendrinae
27
31
28
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
Campylostigmus
/
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
Cormocephalus
/
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
29
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
30
25
26
27
28
29
1st tarsus a little bit shorter than 2nd tarsus, especially good noticable on posterior legs. Coxopleurons truncated, without processes.
1st tarsus usually noticably longer, rarely as long as 2nd tarsus.
All legs without tarsal spines. Margin of spiracle calyx undivided.
Most legs with tarsal spines.
Spiracles not covered by pleural wrinkles.
Spiracles more or less covered by pleural wrinkles.
Cephalic plate clearly overlapped by first tergite, basal plates in most cases noticable. Cephalic plate abutting or overlapping first tergite, basal plates usually not noticable.
Coxopleural processes long, slender, cylindric, with several spines.
24
/
/
25
/
Coxopleural processes short, conical and with one spine each.
Scolopendridae
30 Distribution: North America.
Scolopendridae
Distribution: South America.
Scolopendridae
Coxosternal teeth not extending beyond the 31 forcipular trochanteroprefemoral process.
Large divergent coxosternal teeth extending beyond the forcipular trochanteroprefemoral process.
Scolopendrinae
Scolopendrinae
Scolopendrinae
Psiloscolopendra
Hemiscolopendra
Akymnopellis
/
/
/
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
Scolopendra
/
Scolopendridae
Scolopendrinae
Arthrorhabdus
/
`