TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. Account and Services Agreements and

TD Waterhouse
Canada Inc. Account
and Services
Agreements and
Disclosure
Documents
CONTENTS
Cash Account Agreement (applies to all accounts) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-12
Margin Account Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12-13
Options Trading Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14-16
Risk Disclosure Statement for Futures and Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-18
Disclosure Document for Recognized Market Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19-23
Joint Account Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24-25
Client Problem Resolution Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25-27
Mutual Fund Trading Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27-29
Statement of Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29-35
Electronic Brokerage Services Client Agreement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36-40
Electronic Brokerage Services Client Agreement
For Active Trader Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40-42
TD Waterhouse Self-Directed Retirement Savings Plan
Declaration of Trust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42-49
TD Waterhouse Self-Directed Retirement Income Fund
Declaration of Trust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49-54
TD Waterhouse Tax-Free Saving Account
Declaration of Trust . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54-60
ACCOUNT TYPE
APPLICABLE AGREEMENT
Cash
Margin
Cash Account Agreement
Cash Account Agreement and
Margin Account Agreement
Cash Account Agreement and
Margin Account Agreement
Cash Account Agreement,
Margin Account Agreement,
Options Trading Agreement
and Risk Disclosure Statement
for Futures and Options (for
residents of all jurisdictions
except Québec) or Disclosure
Document for Recognized
Market Options (for residents
of Québec only)
Cash Account Agreement,
Joint Account Agreement and
other applicable Agreements
Margin and Short
Margin and Option
Joint Account
The agreements in this booklet apply to all TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.®
accounts, except where otherwise noted. The words “we”, “us” and “our”
refer to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. (“TD Waterhouse”), including its divisions,
TD Direct Investing, TD Wealth Financial Planning, TD Wealth Private Investment
Advice, and TD Waterhouse Institutional Services – Investment Counsellor
channel. The words “you“, “your“ and “yours“ means the client and any other
individuals with authority over the client’s account.
CASH ACCOUNT AGREEMENT
As we open an account for you and agree to act for you in the purchase,
holding and sale of securities, you agree with us as follows:
1. Legal Capacity: You have reached the age of majority. You are not an
employee of a member of any stock exchange, or the Investment Industry
Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC), or employed by any business
registered under any securities law or regulations. If, however, you are or
become employed by any of these exchanges, member firms or businesses,
you will notify us immediately and provide us with written approval from
your employer to open or maintain your account with us.
You are not an insider, significant shareholder or reporting insider of a
publicly traded company. If, however, you are or become an insider,
significant shareholder or reporting insider of a publicly traded company,
you will notify us immediately. This requirement also applies if you or the
account holder has trading authority for, control over, a financial interest in,
and/or a beneficial ownership in, an account.
2. Services: You understand all transactions made for your account will be
subject to the rules governing the exchanges or markets and clearing
houses (if any) where the orders are executed, and you agree to comply
with these requirements.
You will be responsible for all obligations arising out of the account,
including those authorized by any person you have appointed as your
authorized agent, including all obligations under any trading platform
agreement or agreement for access to services provided by third parties
available through any trading platform.
Please be aware that we reserve the right to reject any transactions
requested by you or your authorized agent, in our sole discretion.
You acknowledge and agree that your calls with us may be taped to
enhance the overall quality of your client experience and to record the
details of our conversation, including your trading instructions. Calls
between us and any broker or dealer to whom an order is directed, may
also be recorded to confirm the information exchanged, including trading
instructions. If you use our voice identification system to access your
account, we will retain your voice print and further information you give us
to verify your identity before permitting such access.
Where there is no published market report, interdealer quotation sheet or
other evidence of the current value of non-listed securities that is
satisfactory to us, we will assign a price of zero to the said securities,
indicating that their value is not known.
We will be responsible to you only for errors and omissions in any
transaction caused by our gross negligence or willful misconduct.
3. Joint Account: If the account opened has more than one owner, all
owners collectively and individually agree that each of you (a) will be
responsible for any obligations arising out of the account, including those
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arising under any trading platform agreement or agreement for access to
services provided by third parties available through any trading platform,
regardless of which joint tenant (co-owner) has entered into those
obligations or taken action with respect to the account, and (b) will have
authority to act on the account as if the only owner. You agree that we may
deliver securities, money or other property relating to the account and
Communications of any kind to any one of the joint tenants (co-owners)
without notice to any of the others.
4. Security Interest: Any and all property, including credit balances held
or carried in any of your accounts for any purpose, and including any
property in which you have an interest (the “Collateral”), shall be subject
to a lien in favour of us. The Collateral will be held as security by us for
repayment of your liabilities to us. We may transfer any of the Collateral in
any of your accounts from or to any of your accounts. We may deliver all or
any part of the Collateral when we consider it necessary for our protection.
In enforcing our lien, we may close, without notice, transactions in your
account (a) if we consider there to be inadequate security for your liabilities
to us, or (b) upon the occurrence of any event which in our opinion
jeopardizes your account.
5. Payment: You agree to pay for all securities purchased on the day of
settlement or as otherwise directed by us. You agree to pay all commissions
on securities or commodities bought and sold by us at the rates established
by the Exchange for such transaction, if any, or at our prevailing rates for
such transactions.
When you make a deposit by way of cheque or other instrument, you may
be restricted from trading with those funds and may also be restricted from
moving those funds from your account until the deposit clears. Clearing
times vary depending on a number of factors, including the nature of the
instrument and where the source of the funds is located. We may, in our
sole discretion, permit trading with, or withdrawal of uncleared funds,
which determination will be made by us on a case by case basis.
You will:
• be liable for payment of all commissions and fees,
• be liable for payment of any debit balance or other obligation owing in
any of your accounts,
• be liable for any payment still owing to us after your accounts are
liquidated in whole or in part by us or by you, and
• pay us for any such obligation and indebtedness on demand.
Segregated Funds held in your account in nominee name:
You irrevocably appoint TD Waterhouse as your attorney for the purposes
of making any withdrawals from any segregated funds held in your account
required to pay fees or expenses owing in that account.
6. Collection Costs: You will reimburse us for the reasonable costs of
collection of payments owed to us, including legal fees.
7. Communications: Communications include notices, margin calls,
demands, account maintenance and service calls, reports and transaction
confirmations. You agree that we: (a) may send Communications to you at
any address (including a mailing address, email address, internet address)
or fax number that you give us in your application or thereafter in writing;
and (b) may contact you by phone for Communications not required to be
in writing. All Communications sent to you, regardless of how they are sent,
will be considered to be delivered to you personally, whether you actually
receive them or not.
Reports and transaction confirmations will be considered final if not
objected to on the date of notification by telephone or within 10 days of
when we send them to you. Statements of your account will be considered
final if not objected to within 45 days of when we send them to you.
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Please note:
It is your obligation as the account holder to review these Communications
carefully when you receive them and notify us in writing immediately of
any errors, omissions or objections to the information provided. This written
notice must be delivered, mailed or faxed to:
TD Wealth Management Client Complaint Resolution Team
P.O. Box 5999, Stn. F,
Toronto, Ontario,
M4Y 2T1
Fax: 416-983-2579
Where we require that you communicate with us in writing, you may do so
by delivery, mail or fax, unless we direct you otherwise.
If you do not notify us in writing of any errors, omissions or objections
within 45 days after we send the written Communication to you, you agree
that the information and balances shown on the statement are correct and
accepted by you. If you fail to give us this notice, we will be released from
all claims by you in connection with the statement, any transactions shown
or not shown on it and any actions taken or not taken by us regarding your
account.
If you notify us outside the 45 day period of (a) errors or discrepancies in
any statement, or (b) any action taken or not taken by us regarding your
account, and we undertake an investigation of your claim, we may charge
you with our hourly investigation fee. You understand that there is a
minimum charge for each employee engaged in the investigation. You
agree to pay such fee to us immediately. We may charge the fee to your
account.
It is important that when you give instructions to or receive information
from us, that you record the date, the time, the instructions or information
and the name of the Representative, if applicable. If you do not do so, and
cannot provide the information to us on request, retrieval of information will
be on a best efforts basis.
8. Extraordinary Events: We will not be responsible for any loss
howsoever caused, whether directly or indirectly, by
• government restrictions,
• exchange, securities commission or market rulings,
• suspension of or restrictions of trading,
• wars, strikes, or
• reason of any other fact which shall not have been caused by our action
or that of any agent or employee of ours.
9. Account Identification: You understand that we will provide you with
an identification number setting out the account number for each account
you open. This number will be used as a means of identifying you in placing
orders.
10. Amendments: This Agreement may be amended at any time by us if
we give you notice in writing of the amendment. The first transaction in
your account following notification of an amendment to this Agreement
will be considered to be your acceptance of the amendment as of the
effective date set out in the notice. This Agreement will continue in force
until terminated by you as acknowledged in writing by our officer or until
written notice of termination by us has been mailed to you.
11. Assignment and Account Closing: You agree that you will not assign
this Agreement or the account. We may assign the agreement or account to
another party, including a company associated or affiliated with us, after
notice to you. You agree to give us seven days notice of any intended cash
withdrawal. You agree that if your account is closed by you in the first year
of its operation, we may charge a fee to close your account. The fee will be
disclosed by us from time to time. You agree to pay the fee.
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As of January 1, 2015, U.S. persons transferring accounts to U.S. addresses
will not be able to transfer U.S. fixed income or option assets purchased on
or after January 1, 2014. U.S. persons holding these assets prior to January 1,
2014 are able to transfer the assets as grandfathered or uncovered assets
within the meaning of the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) legislation.
U.S. persons who move to the U.S. after January 1, 2014, and retain an
account with TD, will be required to sell U.S. fixed income or option assets
purchased on or after this date before their move to the U.S. (Registered
retirement accounts excepted).
As of January 1, 2014, U.S. resident clients of TD Waterhouse Institutional
Services will not be able to purchase, including receipt against payment
(“RAP”) purchases, U.S. fixed income or option assets. (Registered retirement
accounts excepted).
We may, at our sole discretion, terminate your account agreement(s) with
us and require that you close or transfer your account(s) to another broker
within a limited time set by us. In the event that you fail to do so, we may,
without further notice to you, deliver the assets to you or liquidate your
account(s), pay all outstanding payments owed to us, The Toronto-Dominion
Bank and its affiliates and forward the net balance, if any, to you. The
liquidation of your account(s) may have significant financial consequences
for you, including but not limited to tax consequences, for which you will be
solely liable. You agree that we are not liable to you in any way with
respect to the termination, closure, transfer or liquidation of your account(s).
In the event that your account remains inactive and has no assets or
balances owing in the account for a period of at least one year, we may, in
our sole discretion, close your account and terminate your account
agreement(s) with us, without prior notice to you.
12. Transactions Subject to Applicable Law: All transactions in any of
your accounts are subject to applicable legislation, regulations, and rulings,
orders, rules and policies of any authority, including exchanges, securities
commissions, markets and self-regulatory organizations (Applicable Law).
You acknowledge that you are solely responsible for determining whether
any trade you intend to make is permitted under Applicable Law before
placing your order.
13. Custodial Services (only applicable to custodial services clients
of TD Waterhouse Institutional Services): The services that we provide
to custodial services clients are limited to the holding of securities and
other assets in your account with us, the settlement of trades on your
behalf, the administration of your account and the provision of account
statements to you. All other acts in relation to the purchase and sale of
securities for your account are the sole responsibility of your advisor and/or
dealer. All trades that we settle in your account with us will be shown on
our book of record and in your account statements. It is your responsibility
to advise us of any errors, omissions or objections regarding your account
statements within 45 days of when we send them to you. Where
applicable, our Privacy Code, as set out herein, will apply to your
Information with us.
14. Direct Market Access and Suitability Obligations
(only applicable to TD Direct Investing accounts): Orders entered by
you may be sent directly to the exchange or market without prior review by
us. However, we reserve the right to review any of your trades prior to entry
to the exchange or market. You understand that we have the right to reject,
change or remove any order entered by you or to cancel any trade resulting
from an order entered by you.
You acknowledge that TD Direct Investing does not give personal or client
specific or tailored investment advice or recommendations to you and does
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not accept any responsibility to advise you on the suitability of any of your
investment decisions or transactions. You acknowledge that you are
responsible for your investment decisions as well as for any profits or losses
that may result.
15. Adjustment of Open Orders to Reflect Dividend Payments:
We will make reasonable efforts to adjust certain open orders to reflect
dividends. This includes open “buy” and “sell on stop” orders that are
entered with a “good ‘til” date and placed prior to 4:00 p.m. ET on the
business day preceding the ex-dividend date. The order price will be reduced
by the per-share amount of the dividend, and fractional dividends will be
rounded up to the nearest cent for the purpose of the adjustment. The orders
will be adjusted prior to 9:30 a.m. ET on the ex-dividend date.
16. Safekeeping, Security Receipt and Delivery Obligations: We may
accept or reject securities submitted for your account in our sole discretion.
If we, in our sole discretion elect to hold securities for you in safekeeping,
our responsibility is limited to exercising the standard of care exercised by
us in the custody of our own securities and no more. We will not be
responsible as a guarantor for any loss. Securities held for your account
may, at our discretion, be kept at our head office, any of our branch offices,
at the office of our correspondent broker, at any institutional depository or
at any other acceptable location. We may fulfill our obligation to deliver
your securities to you by delivering certificates or securities of the same
kind or amount, although not the same certificates or securities deposited
or delivered to us.
We cannot guarantee delivery of certificates or securities in any
circumstances where a transfer agent or registrar of the securities is unable
to provide a certificate or securities.
In case of the sale of any security, commodity or other property by us at
your direction and our inability to deliver the same to the purchaser by
reason of your failure to supply it to us in transferable or negotiable form,
you authorize us to borrow any security, commodity or other property
necessary to make delivery. You agree to be responsible for any loss which
we may sustain thereby and for any premiums, dividends or charges which
we may be required to pay thereof. You agree to be responsible for any loss
which we may sustain by reason of your failure to supply us with the
security, commodity or other property in transferable or negotiable form.
We are under no obligation to accept securities that are restricted in any
way as to trading or transfer, but may do so in our sole discretion but at
your sole risk. You agree that we are not liable to you in any way with
respect to the processing of the restricted securities, including any market
value movement that may occur during the processing period regardless of
any delays, whether caused by our negligence or otherwise.
17. Leverage Risk Disclosure: Using borrowed money to finance the
purchase of securities involves greater risk than a purchase using cash
resources only. If you borrow money to purchase securities, your
responsibility to repay the loan and pay interest as required by its terms
remains the same, even if the value of the securities purchased declines.
18. Currency Exchange: If you make a trade involving a security which is
denominated in a currency other than the currency of the account in which
the trade is to settle, or receive a payment to your account in a currency other
than the currency of the account, a conversion of currency may be required.
In all such transactions, and at any time a conversion of currency is made, we
will act as principal with you in converting the currency at rates established
or determined by us or parties related to us. We and the parties related to us
may earn revenue, in addition to the commission applicable to such a trade,
based on the difference between the applicable bid and ask rate for the
currency and the rate at which the rate is offset either internally, with a
related third party, or in the market. The charge to you and the revenue
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earned by us and parties related to us may be higher when a transaction
requires more than one currency conversion or when the currency is not
commonly traded. Conversion of currency, if required, will take place on the
trade or deposit date, as applicable, unless we agree otherwise.
Where a transaction with a mutual fund company involves a currency
conversion, the company may charge you for the conversion. Where the
company is not a member of the TD Bank Group, neither we nor any party
related to us earns any revenue in connection with such conversions. Where
the company is a member of the TD Bank Group, it may earn revenue in
connection with such conversions as described herein, but we do not.
When a security is held in an account denominated in a currency other than
that specified for payment in a corporate action, we will convert that
payment at our then-prevailing exchange rate and make payment to your
account in the currency of that account.
19. Beneficial Owner Communication – Your Rights as a
Securityholder: When you purchase securities through us, the securities
are held for you in electronic form and are not registered in your name,
though you are the beneficial owner. This practice allows you to place and
settle trades much faster.
As the beneficial owner of securities, you have the right to choose to:
• Receive all securityholder materials sent to beneficial owners, including:
proxy-related materials for securityholder meetings, annual reports and
financial statements that are not part of proxy-related materials, and
other materials sent to securityholders that are not required by corporate
or securities law to be sent; or
• Receive only proxy-related materials that are sent in connection with a
special meeting; or
• Decline to receive all securityholder materials.
However, even if you decline to receive these materials, a reporting issuer
or other person or company is entitled to send these materials to you at
their expense.
Securities regulations allow reporting issuers or other persons or companies
to send materials related to the affairs of the reporting issuer directly to the
beneficial owners. If you agree to share your personal Information including
your name, address, electronic mail address, the number of shares or units
you hold in your account, and your preferred language of Communication,
the issuer or other person or company will send the materials directly to
you and will pay all delivery costs.
If you do not agree to share your Information, we, on behalf of the issuer or
other person or company, will forward the materials to you and you may be
responsible to pay the delivery costs. Please refer to the Statement of
Disclosure of Rates and Fees for details.
We encourage you to take advantage of your rights as a securityholder. The
decision is yours. You can change your instructions at any time by notifying
us of your preference.
20. Privacy Agreement – Our Commitment To Your Privacy: In this
Agreement, the words “you” and “your” mean any person, or that person’s
authorized representative, who has requested from us, or offered to provide
a guarantee for, any product, service or account offered by us in Canada.
The words “we”, “us” and “our” mean TD Bank Group (“TD”). TD includes
The Toronto-Dominion Bank and its world-wide affiliates, which provide
deposit, investment, loan, securities, trust, insurance and other products or
services. The word “Information” means personal, financial and other
details about you that you provide to us and we obtain from others outside
TD, including through the products and services you use.
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You acknowledge, authorize and agree as follows:
COLLECTING AND USING YOUR INFORMATION
At the time you begin a relationship with us and during the course of our
relationship, we may collect Information including:
• details about you and your background, including your name, address,
contact information, date of birth, occupation and other identification
• records that reflect your dealings with and through us
• details about your browsing activities, your browser or mobile device
• your preferences and activities.
This Information may be collected from you and from sources within or
outside TD, including from:
• government agencies and registries, law enforcement authorities and
public records
• credit reporting agencies
• other financial or lending institutions
• organizations with whom you make arrangements, other service
providers or agents, including payment card networks
• references or other information you have provided
• persons authorized to act on your behalf under a power of attorney or
other legal authority
• your interactions with us, including in person, over the phone, at the
ATM, on your mobile device or through email or the Internet
• records that reflect your dealings with and through us
You authorize the collection of Information from these sources and, if
applicable, you authorize these sources to give us the Information.
We will limit the collection and use of Information to what we require in order
to serve you as our customer and to administer our business, including to:
• verify your identity
• evaluate and process your application, accounts, transactions and reports
• provide you with ongoing service and information related to the products,
accounts and services you hold with us
• analyze your needs and activities to help us serve you better and develop
new products and services
• help protect you and us against fraud and error
• help manage and assess our risks, operations and relationship with you
• help us collect a debt or enforce an obligation owed to us by you
• comply with applicable laws and requirements of regulators, including
self-regulatory organizations.
DISCLOSING YOUR INFORMATION
We may disclose Information, including as follows:
• with your consent
• in response to a court order, search warrant or other demand or request,
which we believe to be valid
• to meet requests for information from regulators, including self-regulatory
organizations of which we are a member or participant, or to satisfy legal
and regulatory requirements applicable to us
• to suppliers, agents and other organizations that perform services for you
or for us, or on our behalf
• to payment card networks in order to operate or administer the payment
card system that supports the products, services or accounts you have
with us (including for any products or services provided or made available
by the payment card network as part of your product, services or
accounts with us), or for any contests or other promotions they may make
available to you
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• on the death of a joint account holder with right of survivorship, we may
release any information regarding the joint account up to the date of
death to the estate representative of the deceased, except in Quebec
where the liquidator is entitled to all account information up to and after
the date of death
• when we buy a business or sell all or part of our business or when
considering those transactions
• to help us collect a debt or enforce an obligation owed to us by you
• where permitted by law
SHARING INFORMATION WITHIN TD
Within TD we may share Information world-wide, other than health-related
Information, for the following purposes:
• to manage your total relationship within TD, including servicing your
accounts and maintaining consistent Information about you
• to manage and assess our risks and operations, including to collect a
debt owed to us by you.
• to comply with legal or regulatory requirements.
You may not withdraw your consent for these purposes.
Within TD we may also share Information world-wide, other than healthrelated Information, to allow other businesses within TD to tell you about
products and services. In order to understand how we use your Information
for marketing purposes and how you can withdraw your consent, refer to
the Marketing Purposes section below.
ADDITIONAL COLLECTIONS, USES AND DISCLOSURES
Social Insurance Number (SIN) – If requesting products, accounts or services
that may generate interest or other investment income, we will ask for your
SIN for revenue reporting purposes. This is required by the Income Tax Act
(Canada). If we ask for your SIN for other products or services, it is your
option to provide it. When you provide us with your SIN, we may also use
it as an aid to identify you and to keep your Information separate from that
of other customers with a similar name, including through the credit
granting process. You may choose not to have us use your SIN as an aid to
identify you with credit reporting agencies.
Credit Reporting Agencies and Other Lenders – For a
credit card, line of credit, loan, mortgage or other credit
facility, merchant services, or a deposit account with
overdraft protection, hold and/or withdrawal or
transaction limits, we will exchange Information and
reports about you with credit reporting agencies and
other lenders at the time of and during the application
process, and on an ongoing basis to review and verify
your creditworthiness, establish credit and hold limits,
help us collect a debt or enforce an obligation owed to
us by you, and/or manage and assess our risks. You may
choose not to have us conduct a credit check in order to
assess an application for credit. Once you have such a
facility or product with us and for a reasonable period
of time afterwards, we may from time to time disclose
your Information to other lenders and credit reporting
agencies requesting such Information, which helps
establish your credit history and supports the credit
granting and processing functions in general. We may
obtain Information and reports about you from Equifax
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Canada Inc., Trans Union of Canada, Inc. or any other
credit reporting agency. You may access and rectify any
of your personal information contained in their files by
contacting them directly through their respective
websites www.consumer.equifax.ca and
www.transunion.ca. Once you have applied for any credit
product with us, you may not withdraw your consent to
this exchange of Information.
Fraud – In order to prevent, detect or suppress financial abuse, fraud,
criminal activity, protect our assets and interests, assist us with any internal
or external investigation into potentially illegal or suspicious activity or
manage, defend or settle any actual or potential loss in connection with the
foregoing, we may collect from, use and disclose your Information to any
person or organization, fraud prevention agency, regulatory or government
body, the operator of any database or registry used to check information
provided against existing information, or other insurance companies or
financial or lending institutions. For these purposes, your Information may
be pooled with data belonging to other individuals and subject to data
analytics.
Insurance – This section applies if you are applying for, requesting
prescreening for, modifying or making a claim under, or have included with
your product, service or account, an insurance product that we insure,
reinsure, administer or sell. We may, collect, use, disclose and retain your
Information, including health-related Information. We may collect this
Information from you or any health care professional, medically-related
facility, insurance company, government agency, organizations who manage
public information data banks, or insurance information bureaus, including
MIB Group, Inc. and the Insurance Bureau of Canada, with knowledge of
your Information.
With regard to life and health insurance, we may also obtain a personal
investigation report prepared in connection with verifying and/or
authenticating the information you provide in your application or as part of
the claims process.
With regard to home and auto insurance, we may also obtain Information
about you from credit reporting agencies at the time of, and during the
application process and on an ongoing basis to verify your creditworthiness,
perform a risk analysis and determine your premium.
We may use your Information to:
• determine your eligibility for insurance coverage
• administer your insurance and our relationship with you
• determine your insurance premium
• investigate and adjudicate your claims
• help manage and assess our risks and operations.
We may share your Information with any health-care professional,
medically-related facility, insurance company, organizations who manage
public information data banks, or insurance information bureaus, including
the MIB Group, Inc. and the Insurance Bureau of Canada, to allow them to
properly answer questions when providing us with Information about you.
We may share lab results about infectious diseases with appropriate public
health authorities.
If we collect your health-related Information for the purposes described
above, it will not be shared within TD, except to the extent that a TD
company insures, reinsures, administers or sells relevant coverage and the
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disclosure is required for the purposes described above. Your Information,
including health-related Information, may be shared with administrators,
service providers, reinsurers and prospective insurers and reinsurers of our
insurance operations, as well as their administrators and service providers
for these purposes.
Marketing Purposes – We may also use your Information for marketing
purposes, including to:
• tell you about other products and services that may be of interest to you,
including those offered by other businesses within TD and third parties
we select
• determine your eligibility to participate in contests, surveys or promotions
• conduct research, analysis, modeling, and surveys to assess your
satisfaction with us as a customer, and to develop products and services
• contact you by telephone, fax, text messaging, or other electronic means
and automatic dialing-announcing device, at the numbers you have
provided us, or by ATM, internet, mail, email and other methods.
With respect to these marketing purposes, you may choose not to have us:
• contact you occasionally either by telephone, fax, text message, ATM,
internet, mail, email or all of these methods, with offers that may be of
interest to you
• contact you to participate in customer research and surveys.
Telephone and Internet discussions – When speaking with one of our
telephone service representatives, internet live chat agents, or messaging
with us through social media, we may monitor and/or record our
discussions for our mutual protection, to enhance customer service and to
confirm our discussions with you.
MORE INFORMATION
This Agreement must be read together with our Privacy Code. You
acknowledge that the Privacy Code forms part of the Privacy Agreement.
For further details about this Agreement and our privacy practices, visit
www.td.com/privacy or contact us for a copy.
You acknowledge that we may amend this Agreement and our Privacy Code
from time to time. We will post the revised Agreement and Privacy Code on
our website listed above. We may also make them available at our
branches or other premises or send them to you by mail. You acknowledge,
authorize and agree to be bound by such amendments.
If you wish to opt-out or withdraw your consent at any time for any of the
opt-out choices described in this Agreement, you may do so by contacting
us at 1-866-567-8888. Please read our Privacy Code for further details
about your opt-out choices.
21. Contact by Telephone: The CRTC has rules governing when we call
you. We will ordinarily contact you by telephone between the hours of 9:00
a.m. to 9:30 p.m. local time on weekdays or 10 a.m. to 6:00 p.m. on
weekends (“Ordinary Hours”). For the purposes of the CRTC rules, you
authorize us to contact you by telephone outside the Ordinary Hours with
information about important developments or changes in the markets,
particular securities, investment funds or other investment products relevant
to your investment portfolio.
You understand this authorization does not alter the scope of the
investment services we will provide you under this Agreement.
You may withdraw this authorization at any time by contacting us by
telephone or in writing to advise us that you want us to only contact you
with time-sensitive market information during Ordinary Hours, in which
case, we will only contact you with time-sensitive information during
Ordinary Hours.
10
Waiver of liability
You release us from any and all claims and from all liability for financial
losses or other damages you may sustain as a result of your decision to
withdraw your authorization.
22. Miscellaneous: This Agreement applies to all accounts, in which you
have any interest alone or with others, which have or will be opened with
us for the purchase and sale of securities.
Except as otherwise specifically provided in relation to an account:
(a) If you are a resident of Canada, your account will be considered to
be located in the province or territory of your current residence and
the law of the province or territory and the laws of Canada, as
applicable, will govern your account, this Agreement and our
relationship in general. You hereby accept and agree to the
jurisdiction of the courts in your province or territory of residence.
You further agree that any legal proceeding commenced by you in
any way related to your account will be in the courts in your
province or territory of residence. Notwithstanding our agreement to
submit to the applicable jurisdiction, pursuant to the requirements of
the Securities Commissions, we must disclose to you that, because
we do not have an office in the territories listed below, if you are a
resident in such territory, you may have difficulty in enforcing any
legal rights you have against us. The address that should be used on
our behalf for service of legal proceedings in the following
territories, as applicable, is:
Northwest Territories:
#18, YK Centre, 4910-50th Avenue
Yellowknife, Northwest Territories X1A3S5
Nunavut:
P.O. Box 11032, 1-4012 Anuri Street
Iqaluit, Nunavut X0A1H0
Yukon:
200 Main Street & 2nd Avenue
Whitehorse, Yukon Y1A2A9
(b) If you are not a resident of Canada, your account will be considered
to be located in the province of Ontario and the law of Ontario and
the laws of Canada, as applicable, will govern your account, this
Agreement and our relationship in general. You hereby accept and
agree to the jurisdiction of the courts in the province of Ontario. You
further agree that any legal proceeding commenced by you in any
way related to your account will be in the courts in the province of
Ontario.
You agree to advise us of any changes in your personal Information,
including, but not limited to, your telephone number(s), addresses, marital
status, financial and employment information, and, except for TD Direct
Investing and TD Waterhouse Institutional Services – Investment Counsellor
accounts, your investment objectives and risk tolerance as soon as the
changes occur. You acknowledge that it is your sole obligation to provide us
with updated information and that until we receive and process it, we are
entitled to rely on the information we have for your account.
Whenever there is a credit balance in your account, the credit balance need
not be segregated or held separately. A credit balance may be commingled
with our general funds or deposited in trust and used for the general
purposes or benefit of our business and/or that of any of our affiliates,
including earning an interest rate spread. A credit balance will be
considered to be an item in a debtor and creditor account between you and
us. You will rely only on our liability in respect of the credit balance.
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We can apply a positive (credit) balance in any of your accounts with us,
The Toronto-Dominion Bank and its affiliates (excluding registered
accounts) against any debt or liability you owe to any of us, The TorontoDominion Bank or any of its affiliates, however arising. We can set off any
positive balance against any such debt or liability in any manner and at any
time we consider necessary (unless we have specifically agreed not to do
so) and we are not required to first give you any notice.
Where you designate a Portfolio Manager to manage your account, we
may, at the request of your Portfolio Manager, send your account
information, including personal Information, to service providers providing
investment management, performance reporting, customized reporting and
related services to you. You also authorize us to provide your Portfolio
Manager with all Information relating to your account including, but not
limited to, copies of your statements, annual trading summaries, transaction
confirmations and tax documents.
This Agreement is binding on your heirs, executors, administrators,
successors and permitted assigns and upon our successors and assigns.
If the account is joint, the singular includes the plural.
If any provision of this Agreement is held to be invalid or unenforceable,
such invalidity or unenforceability will only apply to such provision. The
validity of the rest of the Agreement will not be affected. The Agreement
will continue to be carried out as if such invalid or unenforceable provision
were not in the Agreement. Headings do not form part of the Agreement.
They are inserted for convenience only.
MARGIN ACCOUNT AGREEMENT
If we permit you to trade securities on margin, you agree to be bound by
the following provisions, which apply specifically to each margin account
you open with us, and the provisions of the Cash Account Agreement,
which is hereby incorporated by reference:
1. Holding and Pledging of Securities: All Collateral for your
indebtedness to us will be held by us at a location of our choice. Any
securities of yours which we hold at any time when you are indebted to us
may, without notice to you, be pledged by us as security for any of our
indebtedness for more or less than the amount due by you to us. Any such
pledge may be made either separately or together with the other securities
we hold. We may lend your securities or any part of them either separately
or together with other securities we are holding. We may cancel your
access to margin in our sole discretion at any time without prior notice to
you.
2. Transfers Between Accounts: We can transfer to your margin account,
at any time, following a transaction, any credit balance in any of your
accounts, including any free balances in your margin account. Any such
transfer may be sufficient to cover such transaction. You agree that any
debit occurring in any of your accounts can be transferred by us at our
option to your margin account.
3. Obligation to Maintain Margin: You will maintain such margin and
pay any debit balance owing in any of your accounts, as we may in our
absolute discretion require from time to time. If you do not meet our
margin calls promptly, we can in our sole discretion, and without notice
to you:
• take any step necessary to protect our interest in connection with put
and/or call option transactions made for your account, including the right
to buy or sell for your account and risk any part or all of the shares
represented by options made by us for your account, or
• buy for your account and risk any put and/or call options as we may
deem necessary to fully protect us.
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You also agree that all expenses incurred by us in this connection will be
paid by you. We may at any time in our discretion if we consider it
advisable for our protection (without the necessity of a margin call) and,
without prior demand, tender and without any notice of the time or place
of sale, all of which are expressly waived by you:
a) sell any or all securities or contracts relating thereto which may be in our
possession, or which we may be carrying for you, or
b) buy any securities or contracts relating thereto of which your account
may be short, in order to close out in full or in part any commitment on
your behalf, or
c) we may place stop orders with respect to such securities.
If you are short any security or hold a security that creates a short position,
you are liable to us for all consequences and expenses resulting from that
position, including, but not limited to the expenses incurred by us and by
third parties for which we are responsible to buy in the security or to
exercise any corporate action election.
Such sale or purchase may be made at our discretion on any exchange or
other market where such business is then transacted, or at public sale or
private sale, with or without advertising. Neither any demands, calls,
tenders or notices which we may make or give in any one or more
instances, nor any prior course of conduct or dealings between us shall
invalidate these waivers on your part.
4. Payments: Except as provided above, required margin for the
transactions shall be available in the account at the time of the trade.
Any demand by us for payment will be paid by you immediately following
the demand.
5. Interest on Credit Extended; Additional Margin Calls: You agree to
pay us interest on any credit extended to or maintained for you by us for
the purpose of purchasing, carrying or trading any security. The initial rate
of interest will be disclosed to you by us when we open the account.
Thereafter, the rate is subject to change from time to time.
If there is a change in the market value of securities in your margin
account, we may require additional Collateral. We retain the right to require
additional margin at any time we consider it necessary. Any written or
verbal call for additional Collateral may be satisfied by delivery of
additional marginable securities or cash immediately following the demand.
All deposits and securities in any of your accounts are Collateral for any
debit balances in your margin account. We reserve the right to consider any
security to be ineligible from time to time.
6. Limitation of Liability and Indemnification: You acknowledge and
agree that your use of the margin permitted under this Agreement is solely
within your discretion. You agree that you are solely and wholly responsible
for the consequences of your use of any margin under this Agreement,
including the success or otherwise of any use to which you put such
margin. You agree to indemnify and hold us and each of our respective
employees, directors, officers and agents harmless from and against all
losses arising from your use of the margin permitted under this Agreement.
7. Miscellaneous: Any security or commodity held by us for your account
when you are indebted to us may be used by us for making delivery against
a sale, whether short or otherwise. We may use the security whether such
sale is for your account or for the account of another of our clients.
8. Waivers; Joint Account: No waiver of any provision of this agreement
will be considered a waiver of any other provision, or the continuing waiver
of the provision(s), so waived.
If your account is a joint account, the obligations of each of you are joint
and several (that means collective and individual).
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OPTIONS TRADING AGREEMENT
The risk of loss in trading exchange option contracts can be substantial. You
should therefore carefully consider whether such trading is suitable for you
in light of your financial condition. In considering whether to trade, you
should be aware that if you purchase an exchange option or an exchange
futures option you may sustain a total loss of the premium and all
transaction costs.
If we act as your agent in the purchase, sale or execution of exchange
traded put or call options (“Options”) traded on stock or option exchanges,
you agree to be bound by the following provisions and the provisions of the
Cash Account Agreement and the Margin Account Agreement which are
hereby incorporated by reference.
1. Financial Resources: You understand the special risks pertaining to
trading in Options. You declare that you have adequate financial resources
to cover any such transaction in which you participate.
2. Governing Regulations: Each transaction will be subject to the
by-laws, regulations, rules, rulings and customs (whether in force at the
time of the transaction or subsequently adopted) (herein called the
“Regulations”) of the clearing corporation issuing the Option, the exchange
on which the Option trades and any other regulatory body which may have
jurisdiction. Each transaction will also be subject to our rules, regulations
and customs for Options trading. You have read the Risk Disclosure
Statement for Futures and Options or the Disclosure Document for
Recognized Market Options, as applicable.
3. Compliance with Regulations: The Regulations may provide for
position limits, exercise limits, margin requirements and requirements for
cash-only trades during certain periods such as the last 10 business days to
expiry of an Option. You will comply with all Regulations, limits and
requirements which are now in effect or which may be passed or adopted.
You will not exercise a long position in any Option contract if you alone or
in concert with others, directly or indirectly, have or will have exercised
within any five consecutive days, aggregate long positions in excess of the
applicable limits.
4. Notice of Other Contract; Indemnity: You will inform us of any
Option transaction or contract you have entered into with any other broker,
dealer, individual or other entity, prior to or at the same time with any
Option transaction executed through us. You hereby indemnify us for any
loss or liability we suffer as the result of your failure to notify us of such
transaction or contract.
5. Discretion: We will have sole discretion to determine whether or not to
accept any order from you for a trade in an Option. You acknowledge that
we have no duty or obligation to exercise an Option belonging to you
without your specific instructions to that effect. We may execute orders for
you acting as principal on the other side of a transaction or as part of
larger transactions for you and others. We may also act for other clients on
the other side of a transaction as we may consider advisable, subject,
however, to the rules of the applicable exchange. You consent and agree to
confirm any transactions in your account in which we act as a market
maker or principal in the purchase or sale of Options. You agree that in any
consent regarding the Option trade you will notify us if there is a dispute,
within 10 days of placing the trade. You agree that any charge to you
expressed as a commission for any purchase or sale of Options where we
act as a market maker or principal will be considered to be a sum payable
increasing the cost to you of such transactions.
6. Business Hours and Timely Instructions: Our office, through which
you may instruct us as to Option transactions, will be open during local
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business hours. An order may be executed at any time when the applicable
exchange is open for trading. You will give us instructions in time for us to
complete such instructions as to the sale, close-out or exercise of any
Options or as to any other action to be taken in connection with such
Options. With respect to expiring Options, you will instruct us by no later
than 4:30 p.m. Eastern time on the business day preceding the expiry date of
the Option or by such other time as we may advise by notice in writing to
you. We may take any action with respect to an Option that we in our sole
discretion determine should be taken if you fail to give us timely
instructions.
7. Allocations: We have established procedures for the allocation of
Exercise Notices assigned to us in respect of short positions in clients'
accounts. The allocation shall be on a random selection that is fair and
equitable to our clients and consistent with the regulations, rules and
policies of each Exchange on which the option is traded, if applicable.
8. Liability: We will be responsible to you only for errors or omissions in
the handling of orders for the purchase, sale, execution or expiration of an
Option caused by our gross negligence or wilful misconduct.
9. Margin: You will, at all times, maintain such margin as we may require
from time to time. You will promptly meet all margin calls.
10. Authorizations: While any securities held in any of your Options
Trading Accounts are retained by us as Collateral in accordance with
paragraph four (4) of the Cash Account Agreement, you authorize us
without notice to you, to:
a) pledge all or part of the securities as security for our own indebtedness,
b) loan all or part of the securities for our purposes or as our security,
c) use all or part of the Collateral for making delivery against a sale,
whether short or otherwise, for our account or that of any other of our
clients, and
d) perform any credit checks we deem necessary.
11. Securities: The term “securities” as used in the Cash Account
Agreement, the Margin Account Agreement and in this Agreement includes
shares of stock, warrants or rights, options, bonds, notes, debentures, trust
and deposit certificates, commodities (including contracts relating to
commodities), gold and all other rights to property of any nature or kind.
“Securities” include those belonging to you that are in our possession or
control, or in transit to or from us.
12. Advice of any Changes or Restrictions: You will advise us of any
changes in your financial situation, needs, experience and investment
objectives from time to time. You agree to advise us of any restrictions in
Option trading that may apply to you and you will advise us of any changes
in such restrictions.
13. Protection of Your Position: In case of any insolvency, death or
attachment of any property, we may, with respect to any open positions,
take such steps as we consider necessary to protect ourselves against loss.
Whenever we consider it necessary for our protection to sell any securities
in our possession or to buy any securities of which your account may be
short, or to buy or sell short Options for your account and your risk, such
sale or purchase may be made in our sole discretion without advertising the
same and without prior notice, demand, tender or call to you.
14. Correction of Errors: We are entitled to correct any error in filling an
order to buy or sell an Option at market by filling such order at the market
price in effect at the time such order should have been filled.
15. Waivers: None of the provisions of this Options Trading Agreement
will, under any circumstances, be considered to have been waived, modified
15
or otherwise affected except by agreement in writing and signed on our
behalf by our Designated Registered Options Principal or our Alternate
Registered Options Principal. Our failure to exercise any of our rights in any
one or more instances shall not be considered to be a waiver of any such
rights for the future.
16. Receipt of Risk Disclosure Statement: You confirm that you have
received the Risk Disclosure Statement for Futures and Options or the
Disclosure Document for Recognized Market Options, as applicable, which
have been approved by the provincial securities administrators or other
regulatory authorities responsible in each jurisdiction.
RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT FOR FUTURES AND OPTIONS
(FOR RESIDENTS OF ALL JURISDICTIONS EXCEPT QUÉBEC)
FOR OPTION ACCOUNTS ONLY
This brief statement does not disclose all of the risks and other significant
aspects of trading in futures and options. In light of the risks, you should
undertake such transactions only if you understand the nature of the
contracts (and contractual relationships) into which you are entering and
the extent of your exposure to risk. Trading in futures and options is not
suitable for many members of the public. You should carefully consider
whether trading is appropriate for you in light of your experience,
objectives, financial resources and other relevant circumstances.
FUTURES
1. Effect of “Leverage” or “Gearing”: Transactions in futures carry a
high degree of risk. The amount of initial margin is small relative to the
value of the futures contract so that transactions are “leveraged” or
“geared”. A relatively small market movement will have a proportionately
larger impact on the funds you have deposited or will have to deposit; this
may work against you as well as for you. You may sustain a total loss of
initial margin funds and any additional funds deposited with the firm to
maintain your position. If the market moves against your position or margin
levels are increased, you may be called upon to pay substantial additional
funds on short notice to maintain your position. If you fail to comply with a
request for additional funds within the time prescribed, your position may
be liquidated at a loss and you will be liable for any resulting deficit.
2. Risk-Reducing Orders or Strategies: The placing of certain orders
(e.g., “stop-loss” orders, where permitted under local law, or “stop limit”
orders) which are intended to limit losses to a certain amount, may not be
effective because market conditions may make it impossible to execute
such orders. Strategies using combinations of positions, such as “spread”
and “straddle” positions, may be as risky as taking simple “long” or
“short” positions.
OPTIONS
3. Variable Degree of Risk: Transactions in options carry a high degree of
risk. Purchasers and sellers of options should familiarize themselves with
the type of option (i.e. put or call) which they contemplate trading and the
associated risks. You should calculate the extent to which the value of the
options must increase for your position to become profitable, taking into
account the premium and all transaction costs.
The purchaser of options may offset or exercise the options or allow the
options to expire. The exercise of an option results either in cash settlement
or in the purchaser acquiring or delivering the underlying interest with
16
associated liabilities for margin. If the option contract is on a futures
contract, the purchaser will acquire a futures position with associated
liabilities for margin (see the section on Futures above). If the purchased
options expire worthless, you will suffer a total loss of your investment
which will consist of the option premium plus transaction costs.
If you are contemplating purchasing deep out-of-the-money options, you
should be aware that the chance of such options becoming profitable
ordinarily is remote.
Selling (“writing” or “granting”) an option generally entails considerably
greater risk than purchasing options. Although the premium received by the
seller is fixed, the seller may sustain a loss well in excess of that amount.
The seller will be liable for additional margin to maintain the position if the
market moves unfavourably. The seller will also be exposed to the risk of
the purchaser exercising the option and the seller will be obligated either to
settle the option in cash or to acquire or deliver the underlying interest. If
the option is on a future, the seller will acquire a position in a future with
associated liabilities for margin (see the section on Futures above). If the
option is “covered” by the seller holding a corresponding position, the risk
may be reduced. If the option is not covered, the risk of loss can be
unlimited.
Certain exchanges in some jurisdictions permit deferred payment of the
option premium exposing the purchaser to liability for margin payments not
exceeding the amount of the premium. The purchaser is still subject to the
risk of losing the premium and transaction costs. When the option is
exercised or expires, the purchaser is responsible for any unpaid premium
outstanding at that time.
ADDITIONAL RISKS COMMON TO FUTURES AND OPTIONS
4. Terms and Conditions of Contracts: You should ask the firm with
which you deal about the terms and conditions of the specific futures or
options which you are trading and associated obligations (e.g. the
circumstances under which you may become obligated to make or take
delivery of the underlying interest of a futures contract and, in respect of
options, expiration dates and restrictions on the time for exercise). Under
certain circumstances the specifications of outstanding contracts (including
the exercise price of an option) may be modified by the exchange or
clearing house to reflect changes in the underlying interest.
5. Suspension or Restriction of Trading and Pricing Relationships:
Market conditions (e.g. illiquidity) and/or the operation of the rules of
certain markets (e.g. the suspension of trading in any contract or contract
month because of price limits or “circuit breakers”) may increase the risk of
loss by making it difficult or impossible to effect transactions or
liquidate/offset positions. If you have sold options, this may increase the
risk of loss.
Further, normal pricing relationships between the underlying interest and
the future, and the underlying interest and the option may not exist. This
can occur when, for example, the futures contract underlying the option is
subject to price limits while the option is not. The absence of an underlying
reference price may make it difficult to judge “fair” value.
6. Deposited Cash and Property: You should familiarize yourself with the
protections accorded money or other property you deposit for domestic and
foreign transactions, particularly in the event of a firm insolvency or
bankruptcy. The extent to which you may recover your money or property
may be governed by specific legislation or local rules. In some jurisdictions,
property which had been specifically identifiable as your own will be
prorated in the same manner as cash for purposes of distribution in the
event of a shortfall.
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7. Commission and Other Charges: Before you begin to trade, you
should obtain a clear explanation of all commissions, fees and other
charges for which you will be liable. These charges will affect your net profit
(if any) or increase your loss.
8. Transactions in Other Jurisdictions: Transactions on markets in other
jurisdictions, including markets formally linked to a domestic market, may
expose you to additional risk. Such markets may be subject to regulation
which may offer different or diminished investor protection. Before you
trade, you should enquire about any rules relevant to your particular
transactions. Your local regulatory authority will be unable to compel the
enforcement of the rules of regulatory authorities or markets in other
jurisdictions where your transactions have been effected. You should ask
the firm with which you deal for details about the types of redress available
in both your home jurisdiction and other relevant jurisdictions before you
start to trade.
9. Currency Risks: The profit or loss in transactions in foreign currencydenominated contracts (whether they are traded in your own or another
jurisdiction) will be affected by fluctuations in currency rates where there is
a need to convert from the currency denomination of the contract to
another currency.
10. Trading Facilities: Most open-outcry and electronic trading facilities
are supported by computer-based component systems for the order-routing,
execution, matching, registration or clearing of trades. As with all facilities
and systems, they are vulnerable to temporary disruption or failure. Your
ability to recover certain losses may be subject to limits on liability imposed
by the system provider, the market, the clearing house and/or member
firms. Such limits may vary; you should ask the firm with which you deal for
details in this respect.
11. Electronic Trading: Trading on an electronic trading system may differ
not only from trading in an open-outcry market but also from trading on
other electronic trading systems. If you undertake transactions on an
electronic trading system, you will be exposed to risks associated with the
system, including the failure of hardware and software. The result of any
system failure may be that your order is either not executed according to
your instructions or is not executed at all. Your ability to recover certain
losses which are particularly attributable to trading on a market using an
electronic trading system may be limited to less than the amount of your
total loss.
12. Off-exchange Transactions: In some jurisdictions, and only then in
restricted circumstances, firms are permitted to effect off-exchange
transactions. The firm with which you deal may be acting as your
counterparty to the transaction. It may be difficult or impossible to liquidate
an existing position, to assess the value, to determine a fair price or to
assess the exposure to risk. For these reasons, these transactions may
involve increased risks.
Off-exchange transactions may be less regulated or subject to a separate
regulatory regime. Before you undertake such transactions, you should
familiarize yourself with applicable rules.
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DISCLOSURE DOCUMENT FOR RECOGNIZED
MARKET OPTIONS
(FOR RESIDENTS OF QUÉBEC ONLY)
References to either gender include both genders.
Please be advised that no securities commission or similar authority in
Canada has in any way passed upon the merits of options referred to herein
and any representation to the contrary is an offence. This document contains
condensed information respecting the options referred to herein. Additional
information may be obtained from your dealer.
A high degree of risk may be involved in the purchase and sale of options,
depending to a large measure on how and why options are used. Options
may not be suitable for every investor. See ”Risks in options trading” and
“Additional information”.
INTRODUCTION
This disclosure statement sets forth general information relevant to the
purchase and sale of put and call options traded on a recognized market
and cleared through a clearing corporation. Information concerning the
underlying interests on which options are traded, the terms and conditions
of these options, the recognized markets on which they trade and the
applicable clearing corporations may be obtained from your dealer.
Information on investment strategies and possible uses of options may also
be obtained from your dealer.
This disclosure statement refers only to options and clearing corporations
which have been recognized or qualified for purposes of this disclosure
statement by provincial securities administrators where required. The
options discussed herein trade on markets which, for the purposes of this
disclosure statement only, are referred to as “recognized markets”.
NATURE OF AN OPTION
An option is a contract entered into on a recognized market between a
seller (sometimes known as a writer) and a purchaser where all the terms
and conditions of the contract (called the “specifications”), other than the
consideration (called the “premium”) for the option are standardized and
predetermined by the recognized market. The premium, paid by the
purchaser to the seller, is determined in the market on the basis of supply
and demand, reflecting such factors as the duration of the option, the
difference between the exercise price of the option and the market price of
the underlying interest, the price volatility and other characteristics of the
underlying interest.
There are two types of options: calls and puts. A call gives the purchaser a
right to buy, and a put the right to sell, a specific underlying interest at a
stated exercise price and within a specified period of time or on a specific
date. An option subjects the seller to an obligation to honour the right
granted to the purchaser if exercised by the purchaser. Underlying interests
can be shares of a specific corporation, bonds, notes, bills, certificates of
deposit, commodities, foreign currency, the cash value of an interest in a
stock index or any other interest provided for in the specifications.
An option transaction is entered into on a recognized market by a purchaser
and a seller represented by their respective dealers. When the transaction is
concluded it is cleared by a clearing corporation affiliated with the
recognized market on which the option is traded. When an option
transaction is cleared by the clearing corporation it is divided into two
contracts with the clearing corporation becoming the seller to the purchaser
19
in the transaction and the purchaser to the seller. Thus on every outstanding
option, the purchaser may exercise the option against the clearing
corporation and the seller may be called upon to perform his obligation
through exercise of the option by the clearing corporation.
Options may also be classified according to delivery requirements: actual
delivery and cash delivery. An actual delivery requires the physical delivery
of the underlying interest if the option is exercised. A cash delivery option
requires a cash payment of the difference between the aggregate exercise
price and the value of the underlying interest at a specified time prior or
subsequent to the time the option is exercised.
Options are issued in series designated by an expiration month, an exercise
price, an underlying interest and a unit of trading. At the time trading is
introduced in options with a new expiration month, the recognized market
on which the option is traded establishes exercise prices that reflect the
current spot prices of the underlying interest. Generally, three series of
options are introduced with exercise prices at, below and above the current
spot price. When the spot price of the underlying interest moves, additional
options may be added with different exercise prices. Options having the
same underlying interest and expiration month, but having different exercise
prices, may trade at the same time.
SPECIFICATIONS OF OPTIONS
Specifications of options are fixed by the recognized market on which they
are traded. These specifications may include such items as trading units,
exercise prices, expiration dates, last day of trading, and the time for
determining settlement values.
An option may be bought or sold only on the recognized market on which
the option is traded. The recognized market and the clearing corporation
may each impose restrictions on certain types of transactions, and under
certain circumstances may modify the specifications of outstanding options.
In addition, a recognized market or a clearing corporation may limit the
number of options which may be held by an investor and may limit the
exercise of options under prescribed circumstances.
EXERCISING OPTIONS
An option may have either an American style exercise or European style
exercise irrespective of where the recognized market is located. An American
style option can be exercised by the purchaser at any time before the
expiration. To do this, the purchaser notifies the dealer through whom the
option was purchased. A purchaser should ascertain in advance from his
dealer the latest date on which he may give such notice to his dealer. A
European style option may only be exercised by the purchaser on a specified
date. Upon receiving an exercise notice from the purchaser’s dealer, the
clearing corporation assigns it to a member which may re-assign it to a
client on a random or other predetermined selection basis.
Upon assignment, the seller must make delivery of (in the case of a call) or
take delivery of and pay for (in the case of a put) the underlying interest. In
the case of a cash delivery option, the seller must, in lieu of delivery, pay the
positive difference between the aggregate exercise price and the settlement
value of the underlying interest (in the case of both a call and a put).
A purchaser of an option which expires loses the premium paid for the option
and his transaction costs. The seller of an option which expires will have as his
gain the premium received for the option less his transaction costs.
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TRADING OF OPTIONS
Each recognized market permits secondary market trading of its options.
This enables purchasers and sellers of options to close out their positions by
offsetting sales and purchases. By selling an option with the same terms as
the one purchased, or buying an option with the same terms as the one
sold, an investor can liquidate his position (called an “offsetting
transaction”). Offsetting transactions must be made prior to expiration of an
option or by a specified date prior to expiration. Offsetting transactions
must be effected through the broker through whom the option was initially
sold or purchased.
Price movements in the underlying interest of an option will generally be
reflected to some extent in the secondary market value of the option and
the purchaser who wishes to realize a profit will have to sell or exercise his
option during the life of the option or on the specified date for exercise, as
the case may be.
COSTS OF OPTIONS TRADING
MARGIN REQUIREMENTS
A purchaser must deposit with his dealer cash or securities as collateral for
the total cost of the transaction (the premium and all transaction costs). In
addition, if the option should be auto-exercised, the margin requirement
must be available at the time of the exercise. A seller must deposit with his
dealer cash or securities as collateral (called “margin”) for the obligation to
buy (in the case of a put) or sell (in the case of a call) the underlying interest
if the option should be exercised. Minimum margin rates are set by the
recognized market on which the option trades. Higher rates of margin may
be required by the seller’s dealer.
Margin requirements of various recognized markets may differ. In addition,
they are subject to change at any time and such changes may apply
retroactively to options positions previously established.
COMMISSION CHARGES
Commissions are charged by dealers on the purchase or sale of options as
well as on the exercise of options and the delivery of underlying interests.
RISKS IN OPTIONS TRADING
Options can be employed to serve a number of investment strategies
including those concerning investments in, or related to underlying interests.
SOME STRATEGIES FOR BUYING AND SELLING OPTIONS INVOLVE GREATER
RISK THAN OTHERS.
The following is a brief summary of some of the risks connected with
trading in options:
1. Because an option has a limited life, the purchaser runs the risk of losing
his entire investment in a relatively short period of time. If the price of the
underlying interest does not rise above (in the case of a call) or fall below
(in the case of a put) the exercise price of the option plus premium and
transaction costs during the life of the option, or by the specified date for
exercise, as the case may be, the option may be of little or no value and if
allowed to expire will be worthless.
2. The seller of a call who does not own the underlying interest is subject
to a risk of loss should the price of the underlying interest increase. If the
call is exercised and the seller is required to purchase the underlying
interest at a market price above the exercise price in order to make delivery,
he will suffer a loss.
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3. The seller of a put who does not have a corresponding short position
(that is, an obligation to deliver what he does not own) in the underlying
interest will suffer a loss if the price of the underlying interest decreases
below the exercise price, plus transaction costs minus the premium
received. Under such circumstances, the seller of the put will be required to
purchase the underlying interest at a price above the market price, with the
result that any immediate sale will give rise to a loss.
4. The seller of a call who owns the underlying interest is subject to the full
risk of his investment position should the market price of the underlying
interest decline during the life of the call, or by the specified date for
exercise, as the case may be, but will not share in any gain above the
exercise price.
5. The seller of a put who has a corresponding short position in the
underlying interest is subject to the full risk of his investment position
should the market price of the underlying interest rise during the life of the
put, or by the specified date for exercise, as the case may be, but will not
share in any gain resulting from a decrease in price below the exercise
price.
6. Transactions for certain options may be carried out in a foreign currency.
Accordingly, purchasers and sellers of these options using Canadian dollars
will be exposed to risks from fluctuations in the foreign exchange market as
well as to risks from fluctuations in the price of the underlying interest.
7. There can be no assurance that a liquid market will exist for a particular
option to permit an offsetting transaction. For example, there may be
insufficient trading interest in the particular option; or trading halts,
suspensions or other restrictions may be imposed on the option or the
underlying interest; or some event may interrupt normal market operations;
or a recognized market could for regulatory or other reasons decide or be
compelled to discontinue or restrict trading in the option. In such
circumstances, the purchaser of the option would only have the alternative
of exercising his option in order to realize any profit, and the seller would
be unable to terminate his obligation until the option expired or until he
performed his obligation upon being assigned an exercise notice.
8. The seller of an American style option has no control over when he
might be assigned an exercise notice. He should assume that an exercise
notice will be assigned to him in circumstances where the seller may incur
a loss.
9. In unforeseen circumstances, there may be a shortage of underlying
interests available for delivery upon exercise of actual delivery options,
which could increase the cost of or make impossible the acquisition of the
underlying interests and cause the clearing corporation to impose special
exercise settlement procedures.
10. In addition to the risks described above which apply generally to the
buying and selling of options, there are timing risks unique to options that
are settled by the payment of cash.
The exercise of options settled in cash results in a cash payment from the
seller to the purchaser based on the difference between the exercise price of
the option and the settlement value. The settlement value is based on the
value of the underlying interest at a specified point in time determined by
the rules of the recognized market. This specified point in time could vary
with the option.
For example, the specified point in time could be the time for establishing
the closing value of the underlying interest on the day of exercise or in the
case of some options based on a stock index the time for establishing the
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value of the underlying interest which is based on the opening prices of
constituent stocks on the day following the last day of trading. Options for
which the settlement value is based on opening prices may not, unless the
applicable recognized market announces a rule change to the contrary, trade
on that day.
The settlement value for options, futures contracts and futures options may
not be calculated in the same manner even though each may be based on
the same underlying interest.
Where the settlement value of a cash delivery option is determined after the
exercise period, the purchaser who exercises such option will suffer from
any unfavourable change in the value of the underlying interest from the
time of his decision to exercise to the time settlement value is determined.
With actual delivery options, this risk can be covered by a complementary
transaction in the actual market for the underlying interest.
The seller of a cash delivery option is not informed that he has been assigned
an exercise notice until the business day following exercise, at the earliest,
and the seller will suffer from any unfavourable change in the value of the
underlying interest from the time of determination of the settlement value to
the time he learns that he has been assigned. Unlike the seller of an actual
delivery option, the seller of a cash delivery option cannot satisfy his
assignment obligations by delivery of the lower valued underlying interest,
but must pay cash in an amount determined by the settlement value.
The type of risk discussed above makes spreads and other complex option
strategies involving cash delivery options substantially more risky than
similar strategies involving actual delivery options.
TAX CONSEQUENCES
The income tax consequences of trading in options are dependent upon the
nature of the business activities of the investor and the transaction in
question. Investors are urged to consult their own professional advisers to
determine the consequences applicable to their particular circumstances.
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
Before buying or selling an option an investor should discuss with his
dealer:
•
•
•
•
•
•
his investment needs and objectives;
the risks he is prepared to take;
the specifications of options he may wish to trade;
commission rates;
margin requirements; and
any other matter of possible concern.
Specifications for each option are available on request from your dealer and
from the recognized market on which the option is traded. Should there be
any difference in interpretation between this document and the
specifications for a given option, the specifications shall prevail.
23
JOINT ACCOUNT AGREEMENT
NOT APPLICABLE FOR QUEBEC STOCK SAVINGS PLAN (QSSP)
ACCOUNTS
If we are directed to open a joint account for the Applicant and
Co-Applicant, in return of our opening the account the Applicant(s) and
Co-Applicant(s) (herein collectively referred to as the “Clients”), jointly and
severally agree with us as follows:
1. Other Agreements Apply: All transactions for the account of the
Clients shall be subject to the terms and conditions of all other existing
agreements (if any) between us and each of the Clients. Each of the
agreements is incorporated by reference.
2. Authority of Each Client: Each of the Clients, acting alone, is
authorized and empowered for, and on behalf of all of the Clients,
a) to buy and sell (including short sales) and otherwise deal in stocks,
bonds and other securities on margin or otherwise through us;
b) to receive every communication with respect to each account and
transaction;
c) to receive and withdraw money, securities or other property without
limitation in amount, in the Client’s individual name or in the name of
any other person at the Client’s direction, and to dispose of the same
without recourse to us by any one or more of the Clients;
d) to execute agreements relating to any of the foregoing matters and to
terminate, modify or waive any of the applicable provisions; and
e) generally to act and deal with us in respect of an account as fully and
with the same authority as though the Client alone were interested in
the account, all without notice to any other Clients.
Each Applicant and Co-Applicant specifically acknowledges that we may
make deliveries of securities or payments to any one of the Clients or any
other person upon, or pursuant to, instructions received from any one of the
Clients and in such event we will be under no duty or obligation to inquire
into the purpose or propriety of any such instructions. We will not be bound
to see to the application or disposition of the securities delivered or
payments made.
The Clients jointly and severally agree to indemnify and hold us harmless
from any loss, liability or expense resulting from our acting in accordance
with the above authority. Without in any way limiting the authority granted,
we are authorized, in our absolute discretion, to require joint action by all
of the Clients with respect to any matter concerning an account, including,
but not limited to, the giving or cancellation of orders and the withdrawal
of monies, securities or other property.
3. Liability of Clients: The Clients are jointly and severally liable to us for
any debts, obligations or liabilities arising in connection with the account.
For the purpose of securing the payment of such debts, obligations or
liabilities, we will have a general lien upon all property belonging to the
Clients, collectively or individually, which may at any time be in our
possession or under our control for any purpose, including safekeeping. This
lien is in addition to, and not in substitution of the rights and remedies we
otherwise would have.
4. Rights and Obligations of Survivors: (not applicable to residents
of Québec)
In the event of the death of any of the Clients:
a) the surviving Client or Clients will immediately give us written
notice thereof;
b) we are authorized prior to the receipt of the written notice of the
decedent’s death to execute orders and deal with and for the account
as though the death had not occurred;
24
c) we are authorized, prior to or after, the receipt of the written notice of
the decedent’s death, to take such proceedings, require such papers,
retain such property or restrict transactions in the account as we may
consider advisable to protect us against any tax, liability, penalty or loss
under any present or future laws or otherwise; and
d) the estate of the decedent and each survivor shall continue to be liable
to us, jointly and severally, for any debts, obligations, liabilities or losses
in respect of the account, including, without limitation, those resulting
from the completion of transactions initiated prior to the receipt by us of
the written notice of the decedent’s death or incurred in the liquidation
of the account or the adjustment of the interests of the Clients.
5. Right of Survivorship: (not applicable to residents of Québec) The
Clients declare that their interests in the joint account are as joint tenants
with full rights of survivorship and not as tenants-in-common. In the event
of the death of any of the Clients the entire beneficial interest in the joint
account shall be vested in the surviving Client or Clients on the same terms
and conditions as held, without in any way releasing the decedent’s estate
from the joint and several liability of the decedent Client provided for in
this Agreement.
Your direction to open this joint account shall constitute your irrevocable
direction to us to pay the balance of the account to the surviving joint
account holder(s) on your death on request without making any further
inquiries as to any claims by any other party, including your heirs, executors,
estate trustees, administrators, assigns of the decedent Client or any other
third party and without any recognition of such claims.
6. Rights and Obligations of Survivors: (for residents of Québec only)
In the event of the death of any of the Clients:
a) the surviving Client or Clients will immediately give us written notice
thereof;
b) we are authorized prior to or after the receipt of the written notice of the
decedent’s death, to take such proceedings, require such papers, retain
such property or restrict transactions in the account as we may consider
advisable to protect us against any tax, liability, penalty or loss under
any present or future laws or otherwise; and
c) the estate of the decedent, which estate will be bound to the terms
hereof, and each survivor, the heirs and assigns of each Client will
continue to be liable to us, jointly and severally, for any debts,
obligations, liabilities or losses in respect of the account, including,
without limitation, those resulting from the completion of transactions
initiated prior to the receipt by us of the written notice of the decedent’s
death or incurred in the liquidations of the account.
CLIENT PROBLEM RESOLUTION PROCESS
We value the trust you place in us and are committed to providing the best
possible service to our clients. If you have a concern with or the service you
have received, we want to work with you to resolve it quickly and effectively.
To efficiently address your concern, please consider gathering the following
information: the date(s) and time(s) plus any additional supporting
documents to explain your concern, the name(s) of the employee(s) involved,
the specifics of the concern and how we can help. Once this information is
collected, please refer to Step 1 of the process outlined below that applies to
the division in which you hold your account. We will handle your complaint in a
fair and timely manner and provide an appropriate escalation option if the
response does not meet your expectations. If the resolution of your problem is
delayed, we will provide regular updates on the progress being made.
25
FOR CLIENTS OF TD DIRECT INVESTING, TD WEALTH FINANCIAL
PLANNING AND TD WEALTH PRIVATE INVESTMENT ADVICE
Step 1: Talk to your Representative as many concerns can be resolved at the
time they occur. If they are unable to resolve the problem to your satisfaction,
ask to speak with their Manager. The Manager has the decision-making
authority to resolve most problems.
Step 2: Contact the Client Complaint Resolution Team. If the Manager is
unable to resolve the problem to your satisfaction, they will ask the
TD Wealth Client Complaint Resolution Team to review the issue on your
behalf. At this point, you may be asked to put your concerns in writing so
they can be thoroughly investigated. You can send your written complaint
by mail to the Client Complaint Resolution Team, P.O. Box 5999, Stn. F,
Toronto, Ontario, M4Y 2T1, fax at 416-983-2579 or by email at
[email protected]
Step 3: If you have been through the first two steps and your concern has
not been resolved, please contact the TD Ombudsman by mail at P.O. Box 1,
TD Centre, Toronto, Ontario, M5K 1A2, by telephone at 416-982-4884 or
toll-free at 1-888-361-0319, by fax at 416-983-3460 or by email at
[email protected] The TD Ombudsman can only deal with your
concern after you have completed Steps 1 and 2 and a resolution has not
been reached.
Step 4: There are external agencies that can assist in the resolution of your
concerns. The Ombudsman for Banking Services and Investments (OBSI) is an
independent dispute resolution service that is available if you do not accept
the decision of the TD Ombudsman. You can also contact the OBSI if you
have waited more than 90 days for a resolution. You may contact the OBSI
by mail at 401 Bay Street, Suite 1505, PO Box 5, Toronto Ontario M5H 2Y4
by telephone toll-free at 1-888-451-4519, by fax toll free at
1-888-422-2865 or by email at [email protected]
Please note that OBSI will not investigate any matters which have gone to
arbitration or civil litigation. Alternatively, you can contact the Investment
Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) at www.iiroc.ca
IIROC offers an arbitration program and will investigate whether any
securities laws have been violated; however, this organization does not
become involved in matters of redress or compensation.
For Registered Plans Only: Financial Consumer Agency of Canada (FCAC).
If you have a concern regarding a potential violation of a consumer
protection law, a public commitment or an industry code of practice, you
may contact the FCAC in writing at: Financial Consumer Agency of Canada,
6th Floor, Enterprise Building, 427 Laurier Ave. West, Ottawa, Ontario, K1R
1B9. FCAC determines whether there is a problem with our compliance;
however, this organization does not become involved in matters of redress
or compensation.
For Québec Residents Only: Québec residents may also consider free
mediation services offered by the Autorité des marchés financiers (AMF),
Québec’s financial sector regulator. If you do not accept the decision of
the TD Ombudsman, you can ask that a copy of your complaint file be
transferred to the AMF, who may offer a free mediation service. Participation
is voluntary and requires the consent of both of us. For more information on
AMF mediation services, you may contact the AMF by telephone toll-free at
1-877-525-0337, by email at renseigne[email protected],
or online at www.lautorite.qc.ca
FOR CLIENTS OF TD WATERHOUSE INSTITUTIONAL SERVICES –
INVESTMENT COUNSELLOR CHANNEL ONLY
The following is a summary of the client problem resolution process for
clients of TD Waterhouse Institutional Services – Investment Counsellor
Channel that will help ensure any concern with your investing relationship
is addressed quickly and effectively.
26
Step 1: Talk to your Portfolio Manager or TD Representative as many
concerns can be resolved at the time they occur. If your Portfolio Manager
or TD Representative is unable to resolve the problem to your satisfaction,
ask to speak with his/her Manager. The Manager has the decision-making
authority to resolve most problems
Step 2: Contact the TD Wealth Client Complaint Resolution Team. If the
Manager is unable to resolve the problem to your satisfaction, the Manager
will ask the TD Wealth Client Complaint Resolution Team to review the
issue on your behalf. At this point, you may be asked to put your concerns
in writing so they can be thoroughly investigated. You can send your
written complaint by fax at 416-983-2579 or by mail to: Client Complaint
Resolution Team, 207 Queens Quay West, 5th Fl, Suite 515 Toronto,
Ontario M5J 1A7.
Step 3: Contact the TD Ombudsman or the Investment Industry Regulatory
Organization of Canada (IIROC). If you have been through the first two
steps and your concern has not been resolved, please contact the
TD Ombudsman by mail at P.O. Box 1, TD Centre, Toronto, Ontario,
M5K 1A2, by telephone at 416-982-4884 or toll-free at 1-888-361-0319,
by fax at 416-983-3460 or by email at [email protected] The
TD Ombudsman can only deal with your concern after you have completed
Steps 1 and 2 and a resolution has not been reached.
Step 4: There are external agencies that can assist in the resolution of your
concerns The Ombudsman for Banking Services and Investments (OBSI) is
an independent dispute resolution service that is available if you do not
accept the decision of the TD Ombudsman. You can also contact the OBSI if
you have waited more than 90 days for a resolution. You may contact the
OBSI by mail at 401 Bay Street, Suite 1505, PO Box 5, Toronto Ontario,
M5H 2Y4 by telephone toll-free at 1-888-451-4519, by fax toll-free at
1-888-422-2865 or by email at [email protected]
Please note that OBSI will not investigate any matters which have gone to
arbitration or civil litigation. Alternatively, you can contact the Investment
Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC) at www.iiroc.ca.
IIROC offers an arbitration program and will investigate whether any
securities laws have been violated; however, this organization does not
become involved in matters of redress or compensation.
For Registered Plans Only: Financial Consumer Agency of Canada (FCAC).
If you have a concern regarding a potential violation of a consumer
protection law, a public commitment or an industry code of practice, you may
contact the FCAC in writing at: Financial Consumer Agency of Canada, 6th
Floor, Enterprise Building, 427 Laurier Ave. West, Ottawa, Ontario, K1R 1B9.
FCAC determines whether there is a problem with our compliance; however,
this organization does not become involved in matters of redress or
compensation.
For Québec Residents Only: Québec residents may also consider free
mediation services offered by the Autorité des marchés financiers (AMF),
Québec’s financial sector regulator. If you do not accept the decision of
the TD Ombudsman, you can ask that a copy of your complaint file be
transferred to the AMF, who may offer a free mediation service. Participation
is voluntary and requires the consent of both of us. For more information on
AMF mediation services, you may contact the AMF by telephone toll-free at
1-877-525-0337, by email at [email protected],
or online at www.lautorite.qc.ca
MUTUAL FUND TRADING AGREEMENT
If we act as your agent for the purchase and sale of mutual funds, you
agree with us as follows:
1. Redemptions: We will only accept a redemption request from you for
a chosen fund if the initial purchase of that fund has both settled with the
fund company and been confirmed in your account.
27
2. Net Asset Value Guarantee: We reserve the right to set our own time
deadline to guarantee the Client receipt of the next available net asset
value. This deadline may be changed without notice to you.
3. Approved/Unapproved Fund Companies: We will only transact
purchase orders for approved fund companies (as communicated by us).
For holdings of unapproved fund companies, we will only accept
redemption requests and requests for transfers within a family of funds.
In addition, we do not guarantee:
a) the timely payment of distributions,
b) the next available net asset value, or
c) fixed settlement dates.
All the above will be executed only when communicated to us by the
applicable fund company (i.e. redemption proceeds from unapproved fund
companies will only be deposited to the Client’s account when received
from the applicable fund).
4. Unit Holder Responsibility: Although we will make every effort to
inform the client of applicable trading details, it is the unit holder’s
responsibility to fully review the fund’s prospectus or Fund Facts and take
note of all applicable fees (e.g. management fees, early redemption
penalties, commissions [front or deferred loads] and trading procedures).
5. Commissions: We reserve the right to charge fees or commissions
which are not noted in the fund’s prospectus or Fund Facts. All such fees
will be communicated in writing.
6. Minimum Investment: We reserve the right to set our own minimum
purchase or redemption amount, which may differ from what is noted in
the fund’s prospectus or Fund Facts.
7. Jurisdictional Purchase Limitations: We will only transact a purchase
request for a Client if the applicable fund is fully registered for sale in the
jurisdiction in which the Client resides.
8. Rights of Rescission: We will only accept requests to rescind the
purchase if it does not exceed the sum of $50,000 and if you give us notice
in writing within 48 hours of your receipt of the confirmation for a lump
sum purchase. The trade confirmation will be deemed conclusively to have
been received in the ordinary mail by you within five (5) days of the date it
is mailed.
9. Rights of Withdrawal: We will only accept requests to withdraw from
an agreement to purchase if such requests are made in writing and within
two (2) business days of receipt of the prospectus or Fund Facts for the
fund, or within 48 hours of the receipt of the confirmation of the purchase.
The trade confirmation/prospectus will be deemed conclusively to have
been received in the ordinary mail by you within five (5) days of the date it
is mailed.
10. National Instrument 81-105: Securities regulations require a dealer
that participates in the distribution of the securities of a mutual fund to
disclose the amount of the equity interests, if any, which the dealer and a
member of the organization of the mutual fund have in each other and to
obtain the prior written consent of the purchaser to the completion of such
purchases if such equity interests exist.
TD Waterhouse participates in the distribution of the securities of a number
of different mutual funds including, without limitation, the TD Mutual Funds
(the “TD Funds”) and the TD Managed Assets Program (“TD MAP”). The
TD Funds and TD MAP are the only mutual funds distributed by
TD Waterhouse in respect of which a member of the organization of the
mutual fund has an equity interest in TD Waterhouse. TD Asset
Management Inc. is the manager of the TD Funds and TD MAP. Both
28
TD Asset Management Inc. and TD Waterhouse are subsidiaries of The
Toronto-Dominion Bank. By opening this account, you are acknowledging
this relationship and consenting to the completion of any such trades.
If, at any time, TD Waterhouse, its associates or representatives, should,
in the aggregate, become the owner of an equity interest in any member
of the organization of a mutual fund other than a TD Fund or TD MAP
(a “Third Party Fund”), TD Waterhouse shall disclose the equity interest
to each prospective purchaser of the Third Party Fund and shall also obtain
the written consent of the prospective purchaser prior to completion of
the trade. In addition, if at any time an associate or representative of
TD Waterhouse that acts on a trade involving the securities of a Third Party
Fund has an equity interest in any member of the organization of the Third
Party Fund, the associate or representative shall disclose the equity interest
to each prospective purchaser of the Third Party Fund and shall obtain the
prospective purchaser’s written consent prior to completion of the trade.
For purposes of such disclosure and consent requirements, an equity
interest consists of the direct and indirect ownership of securities which
represent more than 10% of any class of voting securities, equity securities
or partnership units of an issuer that is a reporting issuer which has
securities listed on a Canadian stock exchange. For all other issuers, an
equity interest consists of the direct or indirect ownership of a voting
security, equity security or partnership unit of the issuer.
11. Market Timing Policy: This policy addresses issues with regard to
unacceptable mutual fund trading activity, specifically the market timing of
mutual funds. The Canadian securities industry has identified mutual fund
market timing as practices that include:
• Frequent Trading - defined as the frequent buying and selling of mutual
fund units; and
• Price Arbitrage Trading - defined as buying and selling of mutual fund
units in order to exploit inefficiencies in the pricing of mutual funds.
For further clarity, “selling of a mutual fund” includes both a redemption to
cash and a redemption that involves a switch into units of another mutual
fund in the same fund family.
While many fund companies will charge an early redemption fee if a
mutual fund is sold within 90 days of purchase, securities regulators do not
specify what period of time constitutes frequent trading but consider that
any repeated buying and selling of mutual funds is harmful to other unit
holders, and could be perceived as being frequent trading.
Market timing of mutual funds can adversely affect the underlying mutual
funds and hence the other unit holders of the fund. Market timing may
present risks including, but not limited to, interference with efficient
management of a fund’s portfolio, increased brokerage, administrative and
transaction costs, generation of taxable capital gains for unit holders, and
increased borrowing or holding of cash reserves. All of these may have the
effect of leading to a dilution in the unit value or diminished returns for
long term unit holders.
We will not maintain accounts that use mutual fund market timing
practices, either through the use of Frequent Trading or Price Arbitrage
Trading. If, in a review, it is determined that mutual fund market timing has
taken place, steps will be taken to close those client accounts.
This policy does not apply to the buying and selling of money market
mutual funds, provided that they trade at a fixed net asset value.
STATEMENT OF POLICIES
Respect for the Law: TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and its officers and
employees must scrupulously observe, in letter and spirit, all laws governing
business and securities activities.
29
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and its officers and employees must deal fairly,
honestly and in good faith with clients.
Confidentiality of Client Information: Confidentiality of client
information is a fundamental principle of our firm. TD Waterhouse Canada
Inc. may release confidential client information only in accordance with the
Privacy Agreement and the Privacy Code – “Protecting Your Privacy” of TD,
of which TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. is a part.
Misuse of Confidential and Insider Information: The misuse of
confidential information or misuse of any insider information not generally
disclosed, for personal gain or for the benefit of anyone else, is prohibited
and grounds for immediate dismissal of an employee.
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or its affiliates may, at times, have material
information relating to certain securities which neither the client nor
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or its affiliates may, under law, use for the
benefit of an account.
Conflicts of Interest: To maintain public confidence and respect, we have
adopted policies and procedures to assist us in identifying and minimizing
any conflicts of interest that we may face. We have structured our
businesses so that where possible, conflicts of interest are avoided. Where
that is not possible, we endeavour to inform our clients of the potential
conflicts of interest. In all respects, we aim to operate our businesses to
ensure that the best interests of our clients are paramount.
a) Business Activities: Affiliates of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. may
participate as a dealer, advisor or member of a selling group in
distributions of securities, including securities of related or connected
issuers. To avoid any conflicts of interest which may arise, the retail
businesses of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. are maintained separately from
the corporate finance and research activities of its affiliates. Information
barriers are in place to prevent the transfer of material non-public and
other confidential client information in order to comply with applicable
securities laws and policies.
b) Nature of Relationship between TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and
The Toronto-Dominion Bank: TD Direct Investing, TD Wealth Financial
Planning, TD Wealth Private Investment Advice and TD Waterhouse
Institutional Services are divisions of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.
(“TD Waterhouse”), which is a subsidiary of The Toronto-Dominion Bank.
Some officers and directors of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. are also
officers of The Toronto-Dominion Bank, and some officers and directors
of The Toronto-Dominion Bank or its affiliates may also be officers or
directors of public companies.
c) Related Issuer to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.: A person or company
is a “related issuer” to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. if, through the
ownership of or direction or control over voting securities, they are
an influential securityholder of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc., or if
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. is an influential securityholder of the person
or company, or if each of them is a related issuer of the same third
person or company.
The following are related issuers to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.: The
Toronto-Dominion Bank, TD Capital Trust II, TD Capital Trust III, TD Capital
Trust IV, TD Split Inc., and TD Ameritrade Holding Corporation
d) Connected Issuers to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.: An issuer is a
“connected issuer” to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. if there is a
relationship between the issuer and TD Waterhouse Canada Inc., a
related issuer of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc., or a director or officer of
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or a related issuer, that might cause a
reasonable prospective purchaser of the securities of the connected
30
issuer to question whether TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and the issuer are
independent.
The following are connected issuers to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.:
• 5 Banc Split Inc.
• Big 8 Split Inc.
• Genesis Trust
• Solar Trust
• TMX Group Limited
• York Receivables Trust III
In addition, in certain circumstances, issuers with whom The TorontoDominion Bank or its Canadian dealer affiliates has a business
relationship (such as being borrowers from The Toronto-Dominion Bank
or companies in which The Toronto-Dominion Bank has a significant
investment) may be considered connected issuers of TD Waterhouse
Canada Inc. The issuers listed as connected issuers may be considered to
be related issuers of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. where TD Waterhouse
Canada Inc. has the power to exercise a controlling influence over the
issuer’s management or policy.
e) Investment Funds: A number of mutual funds and pooled funds bearing
the “TD” brand are offered to investors. The names of the funds readily
identify them as being related or connected issuers to TD Waterhouse
Canada Inc., and, as a result, they are not separately listed in this
document.
TD Wealth Financial Planning primarily recommends TD products and
services, such as TD Mutual Funds, to clients in preference to third party
products and services. While TD Wealth Financial Planning may also
recommend third party products and services to clients, TD Wealth
Financial Planning is under no obligation to do so.
f) Disclosure: Where a client deals in securities of The Toronto-Dominion
Bank or the related or connected issuers, whether or not TD Waterhouse
Canada Inc. has advised the client about the trade, any confirmation or
report of trades in respect of such transaction will indicate that the issuer
is related or connected to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc..
g) Related Canadian Registrants: In addition to TD Waterhouse Canada
Inc., the following dealers and advisors registered in Canada are
subsidiaries of The Toronto-Dominion Bank: TD Waterhouse Private
Investment Counsel Inc., TD Asset Management Inc., TD Investment
Services Inc., TD Securities Inc. and TD Securities Sponsored Companies
Inc. TD Securities Inc. may act as an underwriter of new issue securities.
Certain directors and officers of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. may also be
directors and officers of one or more of these related registrants.
An affiliate of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. owns an equity interest in
TMX Group Limited (“TMX”) and The Toronto-Dominion Bank (TD Bank)
has a nominee director serving on the board thereof. As such, TD Bank
may be considered to have an economic interest in the listing and
trading of securities on an exchange owned or controlled by TMX,
including the Toronto Stock Exchange, the TSX Venture Exchange and
Alpha Exchange, and in the clearing, settlement and depository services
provided by The Canadian Depository for Securities and its affiliates. No
person or company is required to obtain products or services from TMX
or its affiliates as a condition of TD Bank or its affiliates continuing to
supply a product or service.
h) Dealing with Affiliates: From time to time, where allowed by
exemptive relief or regulations, TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. may enter
into transactions, including banking, custody, brokerage, derivatives and
foreign exchange, on behalf of a client with The Toronto-Dominion Bank
31
or a subsidiary or affiliate of TD Bank, whether these companies are
acting in an agency or principal capacity. The Toronto-Dominion Bank
or a subsidiary or affiliate of The Toronto-Dominion Bank may earn
commissions, fees or spreads in connection with providing these services.
Where TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. sells you securities owned by
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or an affiliate (called principal trading),
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. will indicate on the trade confirmation that
the trade was executed on a principal basis. In most fixed income product
transactions, TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or an affiliate may act as principal.
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and related parties receive revenue based,
where applicable, on rates established with the issuer (which may be a
party related to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.), or on the difference between
the price paid by those related parties and by TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.,
and the price paid by the client. TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. may also
charge commissions on these transactions. The price paid by a client may
include a payment to the advisor, which he or she determines, within
guidelines set by TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. The trade confirmation for
each transaction will indicate whether TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. acted as
principal or agent and, in the case of fixed income product transactions, a
stated yield to maturity will be provided to allow a client to assess the
competitiveness of the pricing.
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. may also deposit uninvested cash balances in a
client’s account with TD Bank or a subsidiary or affiliate of TD Bank, which
cash balances may be comingled with other trust funds held by such entity
from time to time.
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and parties related to it may earn revenue from
remuneration paid by brokers, including affiliated brokers, for order flow,
and trading destinations, including electronic communication networks,
market makers and exchanges in connection with trades we direct to such
brokers or markets, directly or through our affiliates.
Cash balances held in mutual and/or pooled funds managed by a subsidiary
or affiliate of The Toronto-Dominion Bank may be transferred into bank
accounts at The Toronto-Dominion Bank for the funds’ interest earning
purposes. The Toronto-Dominion Bank may also earn income and/or spreads
on such transferred cash balances
i) Corporate Revenue and Representative Income Sources:
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and parties related to TD Waterhouse
Canada Inc. may earn revenue from other sources, some of which may be
seen as involving a conflict or potential conflict. These sources of revenue
include:
• fees paid directly or indirectly by issuers in connection with new issues
of shares or other securities;
• fees paid directly or indirectly by issuers of other investment products
such a principle protected notes and other structured notes
• fees paid by issuers, offerors or others in connection with takeover
bids, corporate reorganizations, solicitation of proxies and other
corporate actions;
• fees paid by parties related to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and others
for business referrals to them (also see clause (n));
• mutual fund “trailer fees” paid by mutual fund companies, including
those related to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc., which also earn revenue
on the sale of the funds. Specific disclosure is provided in the mutual
fund’s offering document (e.g. prospectus or Fund Facts);
32
• commissions and “trailer fees” on segregated funds and insurance
policies paid by insurance companies, including those related to
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc., which also earn revenue on the sale of
such products; remuneration paid by trading destinations, including
electronic communication networks, market makers and exchanges in
connection with trades on markets TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. directs
to such destinations, through its affiliates or directly;
• fees and spreads in connection with any services provided by
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or its affiliates to the client account, or
transactions between TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or its affiliates and
the client account, including in connection with banking, custody,
brokerage, derivatives and foreign exchange transactions (also see
section 18 of the Cash Account agreement) and registered plan
administration and trusteeship; and
• fees and spreads in connection with various services provided to, or
transactions with,
TD Mutual Funds, including in connection with banking, custody, fund
accounting and reporting, portfolio valuation, securityholder account
maintenance and reporting, brokerage and derivatives transactions.
Where applicable, TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. receives commissions, fees
and other compensation as set out in the Commission Schedules and the
Statements of Disclosure of Rates and Fees, trade confirmations and
managed account agreements provided to clients.
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. offers a variety of pricing options including
fee-based and managed accounts and no-load mutual funds which are
intended to reduce the conflicts associated with commission-based
pricing.
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. may receive various forms of compensation,
including trailing commissions from issuers or other parties, which may
include affiliates of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. Such compensation may
vary depending on the product, service or issuer, including where the
issuer is an affiliate or a connected issuer to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.
or the product or service is provided by an affiliate.
Representatives of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. may be compensated by
a base salary, a percentage of sales commissions, spreads, and trailer
fees received by TD Waterhouse Canada Inc., a percentage of referral
fees received by TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or through a combination of
these payments. In addition, representatives may receive compensation
based upon the value and/or types of assets under administration, a
bonus based upon a number of performance criteria and compensation
based on a client’s purchase of products or services from parties related
to TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and others (see also clause (n)).
j) Allocation of New Issues: TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. may not make
available each new issue of securities by prospectus to each of its clients.
Clients to whom a new issue is made available provide TD Waterhouse
Canada Inc. with expressions of interest. Demand for these issues is
compared by TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. to its allotment of the issue to
determine the manner of allocation, in its sole discretion. Generally, if
expressions of interest cannot be satisfied in full, TD Waterhouse Canada
Inc. will apportion the issue to all clients that expressed an interest using
such method of allocation as determined by TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.,
in its sole discretion, including on a pro rata basis.
k) Side by Side Management of Different Types of Accounts:
Investment advice may be provided to a variety of different accounts
including, but not limited to, accounts containing long-short positions
33
and other alpha strategies that pay performance-based fees. A potential
conflict exists where TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or an affiliate acts as a
portfolio manager, the portfolio manager could hold the same security
short in one portfolio and long in another portfolio. Investment decisions
are made and securities traded based on the investment objectives,
strategy, guidelines and other relevant factors of each account. Certain of
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc.’s or an affiliate’s portfolio managers manage
these performance-based fee accounts alongside accounts that do not
pay performance-based fees. Due to the different fee structures of
various accounts, there may be a perceived incentive to favour a
performance based fee account over a non-performance based fee account.
There may also be differing compensation arrangements for portfolio
managers managing performance-based fee accounts as compared to
management fee accounts. This may create a potential conflict of interest
for portfolio managers, as the differences in the compensation
arrangements may provide the portfolio manager with an incentive to
favour the performance-based fee accounts when, for example, placing
securities transactions that the portfolio manager believes could more
likely result in favourable performance.
Policies and procedures are designed to ensure that over time, no client
is favoured to the detriment of another.
l) Trading Client’s Securities: Selection of investment opportunities for an
account may include securities issued by a TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or
other TD client. Where TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. acts as a portfolio
manager, this may result in TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or an affiliate
voting proxies for the account in respect of such issuers.
m) Seed Capital Hedge: TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or one of its affiliates
may provide seed capital in order to establish a mutual fund or pooled
fund and allow it to commence operations. This type of investment is
intended to be temporary pending subscriptions by unrelated investors
and is not made for the purpose of earning investment returns. As a
result, TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or one of its affiliates may hedge a
seed capital investment in a mutual fund or pooled fund established by
it or an affiliate, including by short selling exchange traded funds or the
individual securities held by such fund.
n) Referral Fee Disclosure: The client may have been referred to
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. by an employee within TD Bank Group (TD),
who may or may not be registered to provide investment advice. The
purpose of this referral is to better align the client’s investment needs
with the TD entity that can provide the specific services or products
requested. This referral is pursuant to arrangements among
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc., The Toronto-Dominion Bank, The Canada
Trust Company, TD Investment Services Inc., TD Waterhouse Private
Investment Counsel Inc., TD Asset Management Inc., and First Nations
Bank of Canada. A referral fee based upon a percentage of the
transferred assets may be paid by TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. to the
referring employee and/or his/her employer.
Where TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. refers the client to certain of the
above-referenced entities, TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and/or an
employee of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. may receive a referral fee as a
one-time flat fee (currently $250.00, but subject to change), or a onetime fee based upon a percentage of the referred assets or annual fee
earned, or the payment may be a fee paid over a limited period of time
based on a percentage of the value of the assets in the client’s account
or annual fee earned on the client’s account, or such other factors as
may be determined from time to time.
The amount of any referral fee will not affect any fees paid or payable by
the client.
34
A brief description of a number of TD entities and the nature of the
services which each provides are set out below:
• The Toronto-Dominion Bank provides personal, private and commercial
banking services.
• The Canada Trust Company is registered as a trust company across
Canada and provides trusteeship and estate administration services.
• TD Investment Services Inc. is registered as a mutual fund dealer and
sells TD Mutual Funds through dealing representatives located in
TD Canada Trust branches and call centres and through the internet.
• TD Waterhouse Private Investment Counsel Inc. is registered as a
portfolio manager and exempt market dealer. It provides investment
management services for both individual and institutional clients
• TD Asset Management Inc. is registered as a portfolio manager,
investment fund manager, exempt market dealer and commodity
trading manager. It provides discretionary investment management
services to institutional clients and investment funds and
nondiscretionary investment management services to client-directed
service accounts.
A referral fee may also be paid if clients have been referred to
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. by a person or entity outside of
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. The referral arrangement will be set out
in a written agreement which will be entered into in advance of any
referrals being made. In this case, details of how the referral fee is
calculated and paid and to whom it is paid will be provided to the
client.
o) Outside Business Activities: At times, individuals may participate in
outside business activities such as serving on a board of directors,
participating in community events or pursuing personal outside business
interests. TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. has policies in place which require
individuals to avoid situations where a conflict of interest may arise.
Fairness Policy: TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. maintains standards directed
to ensuring fairness for clients. The fairness policies of TD Waterhouse
Canada Inc. are set out below.
Each director, officer, and employee of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. shall,
as applicable:
(a)
Ensure that he/she deals fairly with all accounts when making
investment recommendations, or taking investment action.
(b)
Use his/her best efforts to mitigate any conflict of interest between
himself/herself, TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. and clients in rendering
advice with respect to investment opportunities, and disclose any
related material conflict of interest.
(c)
In advising clients, exercise diligence, independence (including in the
case of securities of The Toronto-Dominion Bank or affiliates where
additional conflict controls are in place), and Thoroughness in
analyzing investments, making investment recommendations and
taking investment action.
(d)
Strive towards a high standard of ethical business and personal
conduct and professionalism in adherence to TD Bank’s Code of
Conduct & Ethics Policy, comply with the Personal Trading Policy
requiring pre-approval of personal trade requests, and review and
attest to these policies annually.
35
ELECTRONIC BROKERAGE SERVICES CLIENT AGREEMENT
IMPORTANT: PLEASE READ THIS AGREEMENT BEFORE ACCESSING ANY OF
THE WEBBROKER®, TALKBROKER®, TELEMAX®, OR ACTIVE TRADER®
PLATFORM SERVICES. YOUR USE OF ANY OF THE SERVICES AS DEFINED
BELOW OR SIGNED ACKNOWLEDGEMENT WILL INDICATE THAT YOU HAVE
READ THIS AGREEMENT AND WILL ACT AS YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF AND
AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS HEREIN AND
ANY OTHER TERM, CONDITION OR RESTRICTION APPLICABLE IN RESPECT
OF THE SERVICES. TD WATERHOUSE CANADA INC. SHALL PROVIDE THE
SERVICES TO YOU ONLY UPON THE FOLLOWING TERMS AND CONDITIONS:
Throughout this Agreement the words “you”, “your”, “yourself ” and
“yours” mean the Client and the words “we”, “us” and “ours” mean
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc., ("TD Waterhouse") which term, where applicable,
includes, The Toronto-Dominion Bank or the Bank’s subsidiaries.
In consideration of us providing you access to the Services, you agree to the
following:
DEFINITIONS
In this Agreement:
a) ”Access Device” means any device you use to access the Services,
including but not limited to telephone, cellular phone, portable phone,
personal computer, intelligent terminal or similar device.
b) ”Account” means your account(s) with us.
c) ”Account Number” means the number(s) assigned to your Account by
TD Waterhouse.
d) ”Information” means any request which you place using any Access
Device for account information or a stock, option, index, mutual fund or
other security or market quotation including the bid/ask/last
price/change, etc., using the Services.
e) ”Information Providers” means any entity providing us with securities or
market data, including, but not limited to, various securities markets such
as stock exchanges and their affiliates.
f) ”Order Request” means any Buy, Sell or Short Sell trade request for
stocks, options, mutual funds or other security that is created and
transmitted via Access Device by you to us using the Services.
g) ”Password” means your existing Services personal password or security
code or the personal password or security code assigned to you in
connection with the Services, as same may be amended by you from time
to time.
h) ”Personal Information” shall have the meaning set out in Section 9
below.
i) “Services” means individually and collectively the WebBroker Internet
trading service, the TeleMax telephone service, the TalkBroker telephone
service, the Active Trader Platform, the Active Trader Plus Platform, the
Active Trader Web Platform, and the Order Entry Service component or
any element of these services as applicable.
1. In order to use the Services, your application must be accepted by us, in
our sole discretion. Your first use of any of the Services will act as your
acceptance of an agreement to be bound by the terms and conditions
herein (as amended from time to time) and your acceptance of any other
term, condition or restriction applicable in respect of the Services.
2. You may use your Password with your Account Number to access the
36
Services provided. You may also use your Password(s) to enter
Order Requests using the Services. You agree to keep Your Password
Number(s) confidential and separate from your Account Number.
3. You agree not to disclose your Password(s) to any person and keep it
separate from any other Information which you will receive or which you
already possess concerning the Services. You are solely responsible for
maintaining the security of your Password(s) and ensuring that it is used for
yourself only. You acknowledge that your Password(s) is unique to you and
that we do not have access to your Password(s).
TD Waterhouse is not responsible for unauthorized access to accounts
online or losses that occur as a result of you voluntarily disclosing your
Access Card, Connect ID or WebBroker password, or the careless or
improper handling, storing or disclosure by you of this Information.
In the event of loss, theft, misuse or compromise of your Access Card,
Connect ID and/or WebBroker password, you must notify TD Waterhouse
within a reasonable time.
You will not attempt to enter restricted areas of our computer systems or
the computer system of any entity related to or affiliated with us, or
performs functions which you are not authorized to perform pursuant to
this Agreement.
We may without notice temporarily suspend your access to the Services by
deactivating your Password(s) if we reasonably suspect that you are using
the Password(s) to obtain unauthorized access to our other systems or
Information, or are using the Password(s) or the Services in any other
inappropriate manner. These suspensions will be for a period of time
necessary to permit the thorough investigation of such suspended activity.
We may terminate this Agreement immediately without notice if we
determine to our satisfaction that you have undertaken such unauthorized
activity or if such unusual activity cannot be reasonably explained.
4. Information provided through the Services has been independently
obtained from various Information Providers through sources believed to
be reliable. TD and the Information Providers do not guarantee the
timeliness, sequence, accuracy and completeness of any market data
or other Information or messages that they disseminate. Neither
TD nor any Information Provider shall be liable in any way to you or any
other person for (a) any inaccuracy, error or delay, or omission of (i) any
such data, Information or message or (ii) the transmission or delivery of any
such data, Information or message, or (b) any loss or damage arising from
or occasioned by any such inaccuracy, error, delay or omission or by reason
of nonperformance, or of interruption in any such data, Information or
message, either due to any negligent act or omission by any disseminating
party or due to any “force majeure” (i.e., flood, extraordinary weather
conditions, earthquake or other act of God, fire, war, insurrection, riot,
labour dispute, accident, action of government, dispute, accident,
communications or power failure, equipment or software malfunctions) or
any cause beyond the reasonable control of any disseminating party.
5. You agree that neither TD nor the Information Providers shall have any
liability, contingent or otherwise, for the accuracy, completeness, timeliness
or correct sequencing of the Information or for any decision made or action
taken by you in reliance upon the Information or Services, or for
interruption of any data, Information or aspect of the Services. We will not
be responsible for any loss, damage or personal injury suffered by any
person by reason of any act or omission in the course of or in connection
with the operation of any Access Device by you.
6. The securities and market data provided through the Services is
proprietary to the Information Providers. By using the Services, you agree
not to reproduce, retransmit, disseminate, sell, distribute, publish, broadcast,
37
circulate or commercially exploit the data in any manner or furnish it to any
other person without the express written consent of TD and the relevant
Information Providers. You will use the securities and market data furnished
hereunder only for your personal use.
You agree that you will only access your Account(s), the Services or any
Information provided by you or any Information Provider through our
website and not through a third party website or software. You will not
permit any third party to access your Account(s), the Services or any
Information provided by you or any Information Provider through our
website or through a third party website or software. You will not, and you
will not permit any third party, to access or stream any data, including stock
quotes or news, that originates from our website through any third party
website or software.
7.
a) YOU HEREBY AUTHORIZE US TO ACCEPT ALL TRANSACTIONS FOR YOUR
ACCOUNT USING THE SERVICES AND YOU AGREE TO BE SOLELY
RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ACCURACY OF ANY INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN BY
YOU USING AN ACCESS DEVICE.
b) ALL ORDER REQUESTS ARE SUBJECT TO VERIFICATION AND
ACCEPTANCE BY US.
c) YOU AGREE THAT ALL ORDER REQUESTS WILL ONLY BE PROCESSED IF
YOUR ACCOUNT IS IN GOOD ORDER AND YOU HAVE SUFFICIENT FUNDS
TO COMPLETE THE TRANSACTION ORDERED.
d) YOU UNDERSTAND THAT ALL TRANSACTIONS MADE FOR YOUR
ACCOUNT WILL BE SUBJECT TO THE RULES GOVERNING THE
EXCHANGES OR MARKETS AND CLEARING HOUSES (IF ANY) WHERE THE
ORDERS ARE EXECUTED, AND YOU AGREE TO COMPLY WITH THESE
REQUIREMENTS.
e) YOU UNDERSTAND THAT EXECUTION OF ANY ORDER REQUEST IS
SUBJECT TO OUR PRIOR APPROVAL AND THAT WE HAVE THE RIGHT TO
REJECT, CHANGE OR REMOVE ANY ORDER ENTERED BY YOU OR TO
CANCEL ANY TRADE RESULTING FROM AN ORDER ENTERED BY YOU.
f) IN CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES, WE MAY REQUEST ADDITIONAL
CONFIRMATION OF ANY ORDER REQUEST BEFORE EXECUTION OF SAME.
8. All transactions based on Information acquired from using the Services
are subject to confirmation by us. IN NO EVENT WILL WE BE LIABLE TO YOU
OR TO OTHERS FOR ANY DAMAGES, DIRECT, INDIRECT, CONSEQUENTIAL OR
SPECIAL, INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION ALL LOSSES, COSTS, EXPENSES,
LOSS OF PROFITS, LOSS OF BUSINESS REVENUE OR FAILURE TO REALIZE
EXPECTED SAVINGS ARISING FROM OR OUT OF THE EXISTENCE, FURNISHING
OR FUNCTIONING OF THE SERVICE AS PROVIDED FOR IN THIS AGREEMENT.
Neither TD nor any other party shall be held liable for the accuracy or
timeliness of any quotation Information provided through the Services.
9. You agree that ALL INFORMATION THAT YOU PROVIDE TO US
(INCLUDING YOUR ADDRESS, TELEPHONE NUMBER AND INTERNET
ADDRESS) (“Personal Information”) is complete and true and the telephone
number and Internet email address at which you may be reached to discuss
any Order Request you may submit to us using the Services is valid and
current. You also agree to advise us of any change(s) in your Personal
Information, including your contact telephone number(s), as soon as the
change(s) occur.
10. You agree to accept responsibility for any loss caused through the
submission of an Order Request by Access Device using the Services except
where we determine that the provisions of the WebBroker Security
Guarantee apply. You acknowledge that for mutual protection, TD will
record all Order Request instructions from you pursuant to the Services.
38
11. We may, at our sole discretion, act upon all instructions given or
purported to be given by you or on your behalf in respect of an Order
Request using the Services and we shall not incur any liability by reason of
acting or failing to act due to an error in such Order Request.
12. You agree and acknowledge that we may modify any or all of the
Services at any time. You also agree that the Services may periodically be
unavailable to you in order to allow for maintenance and updates.
13. This Agreement is in addition to, and not in substitution for any other
present or future agreement between you and us, including any agreement
relating to your Account or the Services.
14. Any action of any kind by you against us arising as a result of this
Agreement must be commenced within one year from the date the right,
claim, demand or cause shall first occur.
15. This Agreement confers certain rights upon the Information Providers.
The Information Providers may enforce those rights against you by legal
proceedings or other appropriate means.
16. By using the Services, you acknowledge, for each Account, that there
are charges for the use of the Services and you agree to accept
responsibility for any charges incurred for the use of the Services.
17. We can change the terms and conditions governing the use of the
Services at any time. We will advise you of any changes in writing or via the
Internet. We may cancel the Services at any time without notice to you.
18.
a) Waiver. No waiver by us of any breach of any provision or condition of
this Agreement shall be deemed a waiver of any other breach of such
provision or any similar or other provision or condition of this Agreement.
b) Agreement. The conditions, rules and regulations set forth in any
manuals, materials, documents or instructions relating to this Agreement
form part of this Agreement.
c) Governing Law. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in
accordance with the laws of the Province of Ontario and the laws of
Canada applicable therein.
d) Notices. Notices may be hand delivered or sent by mail, facsimile
message or email message. If sent by facsimile or by email, notice shall
be deemed to have been received upon transmission. If hand delivered,
notice shall be deemed to have been received upon delivery and if sent
by mail, notice shall be deemed to have been received five (5) days
following the date of mailing.
e) Successors and Assigns. This Agreement shall be binding upon the
respective successors and permitted assigns of the parties hereto.
f) No Assignment. You agree that you may not assign the rights and
obligations hereunder or in respect of the Services without our prior
written consent.
g) Severability. If any provision or condition of this Agreement is held to
be invalid or unenforceable, such invalidity or unenforceability shall
attach only to such provision or condition. The validity of the remainder
of the Agreement shall not be affected and the Agreement shall be
carried out as if such invalid or unenforceable provision were not
contained therein.
h) Language. This Agreement has been drafted and executed in the English
language at the express request of the parties. Les parties ont exigé que
le présent contrat soit rédigé en anglais.
i) Termination. We may, at our sole discretion, terminate your access to
39
the Services without notice to you. You agree that we are not liable to
you in any way with respect to the termination of the Services.
j) Access Records: You agree that TD Waterhouse will maintain records of
electronic access to your accounts, including, but not limited to, login and
logoff times and dates, and confirmation of trading instructions received.
k) Third Party Software: From time to time, we may make third party
software available for your convenience only. We assume no
responsibility for the operation of the software or the accuracy or
completeness of the Information produced. We shall only be liable for the
accuracy of the Information contained in your TD statement of account.
The Information produced by any third party software may not be
suitable for income tax or other reporting purposes, and its use is entirely
at the discretion of the user.
ELECTRONIC BROKERAGE SERVICES CLIENT AGREEMENT
FOR ACTIVE TRADER ACCOUNTS
(APPLICABLE TO TD DIRECT INVESTING CLIENTS ONLY)
IMPORTANT: PLEASE READ THIS ADDENDUM AND THE ELECTRONIC
BROKERAGE SERVICES CLIENT AGREEMENT AND THE ACTIVE TRADER USER
GUIDE (THE “AGREEMENTS”) BEFORE ACCESSING YOUR ACTIVE TRADER
ACCOUNT(S). YOUR FIRST USE OF THE SERVICES DEFINED HEREIN OR YOUR
WRITTEN ACCEPTANCE OF THIS AGREEMENT WILL INDICATE THAT YOU
HAVE READ THESE AGREEMENTS AND WILL ACT AS YOUR ACCEPTANCE OF
AND AGREEMENT TO BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THESE AGREEMENTS. TD
WATERHOUSE CANADA INC. (“TD WATERHOUSE”) WHICH TERM, WHERE
APPLICABLE, INCLUDES THE TORONTO-DOMINION BANK AND ITS
AFFILIATES, SHALL PROVIDE THE SERVICES TO YOU ONLY ON THE TERMS
AND CONDITIONS SET OUT IN THE AGREEMENTS. ALL TERMS OF THE
ELECTRONIC BROKERAGE SERVICES CLIENT AGREEMENT FORM PART OF
THIS AGREEMENT UNLESS SPECIFICALLY VARIED HEREIN.
In consideration of us giving you access to the Services, you agree to the
following:
DEFINITIONS
1. In this Addendum:
a) ”Electronic Communication Network” (“ECN”) fees means the charges
of an ECN for the routing of orders as set out from time to time at
www.tdwaterhouse.ca/activetrader;
b) ”Eligible Securities” means securities listed on recognized Canadian and
U.S. exchanges and execution venues as determined by TD in
its sole discretion from time to time;
c) ”Hours of Operation” means the hours during which the Services are
available for use by you as set out from time to time at
www.tdwaterhouse.ca/activetrader;
d) ”Minimum System Requirements” means the requirements for the use
of the Services as set out from time to time at
www.tdwaterhouse.ca/activetrader;
e) A “Professional User” is any one of the following:
(i) An employee of a member of any stock exchange or the Investment
Industry Regulatory Organization of Canada (IIROC), or of any
business registered under any securities law or regulation;
(ii) An individual or entity trading in the account as a paid agent for a
third party; or
(iii) An individual or entity whose account is in the name of a
corporation, partnership or sole proprietorship.
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f) ”Services” for the purposes of this Agreement only, means collectively
and individually the Active Trader, Active Trader Plus and Active Trader
Web trading services, or any element of these services as applicable and,
in the event that you have elected to receive information from at least
one Exchange, information from all Exchanges available on each of the
Services; and
g) ”Trading History” means the number of trades placed by you with us or
with another broker acceptable to us, and as determined or accepted by
us, in the last full calendar month before you began to receive the
Services.
ACCESS TO, USE OF AND TERMINATION OF SERVICES
2. In order to use the Services, your application must be accepted by us, in
our sole discretion. One criterion for acceptance is your Trading History.
In order to continue to use the Services, you must maintain a level of
trading activity acceptable to us. The minimum acceptable trading level is
30 completed trades over each three month period that you use the
Services. Trades on all accounts linked to your Active Trader Connect ID
will be considered in determining if you meet the acceptable level of
trading activity. Such determination will be made by us each month
based on your trailing three month total, beginning with your first full
month of access to the Services. Further, in order to continue to use the
Services, your trading activity must be consistent with the nature of the
Services intended for retail investors. Multiple buys and sells of the same
security, and on the same day, which consistently remove liquidity from
the market may be deemed to be inconsistent with the Services and we
reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to terminate your access at any
time on notice to you.
3. The Services may only be used by you during Hours of Operation for the
placement of orders for Eligible Securities. You acknowledge that your
system must meet the Minimum System Requirements for the use of the
Services and warrant that it does so. You further acknowledge that
transactions made using the Services are not reported on any other
TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. system until the following day and vice
versa. You acknowledge that the Hours of Operation and the list of
Eligible Securities may change from time to time as TD Waterhouse, in its
sole discretion, determines.
4. During the time you use the Services you have chosen, you shall not use
the Electronic Brokerage Services for trading in Eligible Securities. On
termination of access to the Services, Electronic Brokerage Services for
trading in Eligible Securities may be reinstated for you at your request
and at the sole discretion of TD Waterhouse.
INDEMNIFICATION
5. You hereby indemnify and hold TD harmless from any and all claims and
causes of action, however caused, arising from your use of or inability to
use or maintain a connection with the Services.
FEES, COMMISSIONS AND CHARGES
6. You will not be charged a Data fee or, if applicable, a Professional User
fee, for the remainder of the calendar month in which you begin to
receive the Services (the “Initial Period”). After the Initial Period, we may
charge you a Data fee for each calendar month or part thereof that you
receive the Services based on the Service you have chosen and the
number of trades you have made in the previous three month period, as
determined by us and, if applicable, the Professional User fee for each
calendar month or part thereof that you receive the Services. Data Fees
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and Professional User Fees, if applicable, will be charged at the rates
noted in the TD Direct Investing Commission Schedule and Statement of
Disclosure of Rates and Fees or as we advise you from time to time.
7. Beginning on the day you receive the services, we will charge you
commissions at the rates noted in the TD Direct Investing Commission
Schedule and Statement of Disclosure of Rates and Fees, or as we advise
you from time to time.
8. You authorize us to deduct all Data Fees, Professional User Fees and ECN
fees, if applicable, as they come due, from the TD Direct Investing
Canadian cash or margin account in your name as advised to us by you.
PERSONAL INFORMATION AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
9. You acknowledge having received and read the Agreements, and agree
to be bound by them. Where the account is a non-personal account, you
confirm your authority to bind the accountholder.
TD WATERHOUSE SELF-DIRECTED RETIREMENT
SAVINGS PLAN DECLARATION OF TRUST
The Canada Trust Company, a trust company amalgamated under the laws
of Canada and having its Head Office in the City of Toronto in the Province
of Ontario (“the Trustee”), hereby declares that it accepts the office of
trustee for the account holder who is also the applicant named on the
application, and who is the “annuitant” within the meaning of subsection
146(1) of the Income Tax Act (Canada), named on the application (herein
“you,” “your” and “yours”), under a Retirement Savings Plan (herein the
“PLAN”), for the purpose of providing for you a retirement income, upon
the following terms:
1. Administration: The Trustee may delegate certain administrative duties
to an affiliate of the Trustee (such affiliate herein referred to as “Agent”).
Notwithstanding the duties delegated to the Agent, the ultimate
responsibility for the administration of the PLAN remains with the Trustee.
2. Registration: The Trustee will apply for registration of the PLAN as a
Retirement Savings Plan pursuant to the provisions of the Income Tax Act
(Canada) (the “Act”) and, if applicable, the provisions of any similar
legislation of the Province in which you reside (the Act and such provincial
legislation, including the regulations issued thereunder, collectively or
individually referred to as the “Applicable Tax Legislation”).
3. Your Account: The Trustee will maintain an account in your name which
will record the contributions made by you only or by you and/or your spouse
providing your PLAN is a spousal plan, the investment income credited to
your PLAN, the debits for the purchase of qualified investments and those
investments and credits for the sale of investments. You are liable for the
payment of any debit balance owing within the PLAN and will be liable for
any debit balance remaining after liquidation of assets in the PLAN and the
application of such liquidation against the debit balance. The Trustee may, at
its discretion and without notice to you, sell assets in the PLAN as it
determines to be appropriate to pay in full the said debit balance and its
costs. You acknowledge that the Trustee will not be liable to you regarding
any aspect of such sale. In addition, you acknowledge that the liquidation
of assets in the PLAN may have significant financial consequences for you,
including tax consequences, for which you are solely liable.
4. Contributions:
a) Contributions made by you or your spouse to the PLAN in such amounts
as permitted by Applicable Tax Legislation and the income named
thereon, will be held in trust by the Trustee for the purpose of providing
you with a retirement income in accordance with Section 12 hereof.
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b) The Trustee will, on, your written or oral directions, invest the property of
the PLAN, provided that the Trustee may in its sole discretion decline to
make any particular investment for any reason including, without
limitation, if the proposed investment and related documentation do not
comply with the Trustee’s administrative requirements, which may be
modified from time to time. You will have the right to designate a person
or persons in a satisfactory form as may be determined by the Trustee, as
your attorney for the purpose of giving any such directions and the
Trustee will be released from any claims of or liability to you in acting
pursuant to such directions unless it has received written notice that
such person or persons is not or has ceased to be your attorney and the
Trustee has acknowledged receipt of such notice in writing.
c) The Trustee or the Agent, as defined herein, may require you to provide
such documentation in respect of any investment or proposed investment
as the Trustee in its sole discretion deems necessary. Contributions to the
PLAN may be invested and re-invested in any eligible securities and/or
deposits, including securities issued or managed by, or deposits with the
Trustee and its affiliates, as you may direct from time to time. The Trustee
may, at its discretion, hold uninvested cash balances in any affiliate of
the Trustee.
d) Pending the investment of any uninvested cash in the PLAN, the Trustee
or the Agent will hold such cash in a segregated account and pay
interest thereon on such terms and at such rate or rates as it may from
time to time establish, provided that such cash has been deposited with
the Trustee or its Agent. Until the PLAN is terminated as provided herein,
the Trustee’s sole obligation relating to investments of the PLAN will be
confined to:
(i) executing your directions with respect to the investment and
reinvestment of monies contributed by you or your spouse and of
the proceeds of any sales of such investments or reinvestments
and any income named thereon; and
(ii) maintaining legal ownership and possession of the investments
which from time to time form part of the property of the PLAN or
maintaining such investments in bearer form or in the name of a
nominee or in such other name as the Trustee may determine.
e) Without restricting the generality of the foregoing, it will be your sole
responsibility to choose the investments of the PLAN, and to determine
whether any investment should be purchased, sold or retained by the
Trustee as part of the PLAN. The Trustee shall exercise the care, diligence
and skill of a reasonably prudent person to minimize the possibility that
the PLAN holds a non-qualified investment. Other than as heretofore
stated, it will be your responsibility to determine whether any investment
is or remains a qualified investment within the meaning of Applicable Tax
legislation. Neither the Trustee nor the Agent, as defined herein, will be
liable to you if: (i) any investment in the PLAN results in additional taxes
or penalties imposed by Applicable Tax Legislation, or (ii) any such
investment produces losses of any nature whatsoever for the PLAN
whether or not the Trustee or Agent has communicated to you any
information the Trustee or Agent may have received, or any judgment the
Trustee or Agent may have formed, with respect to the foregoing at any
particular time. Should the PLAN become liable for any taxes, interest or
other penalties under Applicable Tax Legislation, you authorize the
Trustee to redeem sufficient securities and/or deposits, as required, in the
PLAN to pay for such liability. Notwithstanding the above, the Trustee is
not entitled to charge against and deduct from the assets in the PLAN
any charges, taxes or penalties imposed on the Trustee under Applicable
Tax Legislation.
Notwithstanding any of the above, if the Trustee determines, at its sole
43
discretion, that any investment in the PLAN is or has become a nonqualified investment for purposes of the Applicable Tax Legislation, the
Trustee may, at its sole discretion, withdraw such investment from the PLAN
in-kind, by way of realization of the investment in cash or, in the case of a
mortgage, by way of transfer of such mortgage from the PLAN to you. You
acknowledge that the valuation of the investment shall be determined by
the Trustee in its sole discretion, provided that it is your obligation to
provide the Trustee with such independent evidence of the value of the
investment as the Trustee requests. You authorize the Trustee to take any
such actions and you irrevocably consent to them. You further acknowledge
that you are responsible for all consequences (whether foreseeable or not),
including tax consequences, of those actions.
5. Withdrawals: The property of the PLAN may not be withdrawn,
transferred, assigned or surrendered, in whole or part, except where
property of the PLAN is paid or transferred:
a) to you as a full or partial commutation of retirement income under the
PLAN;
b) to you pursuant to paragraph 6 hereof;
c) to a registered pension plan, RRSP or RRIF pursuant to
paragraph 146(16)(a) of The Income Tax Act (Canada);
d) upon marriage breakdown pursuant to paragraph 15 hereof;
e) upon your death pursuant to paragraph 13 hereof; or
f) as otherwise permitted by the Act.
Where required by the Act, the Trustee will withhold tax from payments
made from the PLAN.
6. Refunds: Subject to Applicable Tax Legislation, the Trustee shall, upon
receipt of your written request and authorization, refund to you or your
spouse as directed in the request an amount paid to reduce the amount of
tax otherwise payable under Part X.1 of the Act. The Trustee will not have
any responsibility whatsoever for determining the amount as stated in the
previous paragraph in respect of any registered retirement savings plan.
7. Income Tax Receipts: On or before March 31 in each year, the Trustee
shall forward to your registered address a receipt(s) for income tax
purposes with respect to contributions received by the Trustee under the
PLAN for the preceding taxation year. It is the sole responsibility of the
contributor to your PLAN to ensure that the deductions claimed for income
tax purposes do not exceed the permitted deductions under the Applicable
Tax Legislation.
8. Fees: The Agent and the Trustee may levy fees and charge expenses
which will be disclosed to you when you open your account, and the Agent
and the Trustee reserve the right to change the fees at any time subject to
60 days notice in writing to you. Notwithstanding anything herein
contained, the Trustee is empowered to retain in cash such portion of the
contributions and/or investment income named as the Trustee may in its
discretion deem advisable for the payment of any fee introduced in
accordance with section 9 hereof. In the absence of cash resources the
Trustee is empowered to realize at its discretion sufficient assets for
payment of the Trustee’s or the Agent’s fees and of out-of-pocket expenses.
Any such sale shall be made at such price or prices as the Trustee or the
Agent at its sole discretion may determine and neither the Trustee nor the
Agent shall be responsible for any loss occasioned by any such sale.
9. Date of Birth: Your statement of your date of birth contained in your
application for the PLAN shall be deemed to be your certification of your
age upon which the Trustee may rely and your undertaking to provide any
further evidence of proof of age that may be required when a retirement
income is to be provided.
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10. Designation of Beneficiary: If permitted by applicable law, you may
designate one or more beneficiaries in accordance with this paragraph to
receive the proceeds payable under the PLAN in the event of your death. A
valid beneficiary designation can only be made, changed or revoked by a
written instrument which adequately identifies the PLAN signed by you in a
form reasonably acceptable to the Trustee and received by the Trustee prior
to any payment hereunder. If more than one instrument has been so
lodged, the Trustee shall make payment only in accordance with the
instrument in its possession bearing the latest execution date. An
instrument shall be valid for the purposes of this Section even though it
does not meet the applicable provincial requirements for a testamentary
disposition. An instrument shall not be valid for the purposes of this Section
when the Trustee has actual notice of a valid will or codicil that specifically
designates a beneficiary which postdates the latest instrument filed with
the Trustee. In the event of your death, unless your spouse has become the
annuitant of the PLAN under the terms hereof or with the consent of your
legal representative, the Trustee will, upon receipt of satisfactory evidence
of your death and all other documentation which it may reasonably require,
distribute the proceeds of the PLAN, after deduction of all proper charges
including any applicable income tax, in accordance with the beneficiary
designation on the latest valid instrument filed with the Trustee. If there is
no valid instrument filed with the Trustee or if all of your beneficiaries
predecease you, this amount will be paid to your legal personal
representative. On making any such payment, the Trustee shall be released
from all further obligations under the PLAN.
11. Retirement Income:
a) Your PLAN will mature on a date (“maturity date”) which must not be
later than December 31 of the year in which your 71st birthday (or such
other age as prescribed by the Act) occurs. You will, upon at least
90 days’ written notice to the Trustee or upon such shorter period of
notice as the Trustee may in its sole discretion permit:
(i) specify the date of maturity of the PLAN and the commencement of
a retirement income as defined under subsection 146(1) of the Act
(which date will be no later than the last day in the calendar year
in which you attain 71 years of age (or such other age as prescribed
by the Act)).
(ii) provide any necessary documentation required by the Trustee and
(iii) provide written instructions to the Trustee to apply the property of
the PLAN to the provision of a retirement income as defined under
subsection 146(1) of the Act by means of:
1) an annuity payable to you for your life (or, if you so designate,
to you for the lives jointly of yourself and your spouse and to the
survivor of them for his or her life) commencing at the maturity
date and with or without a guaranteed term not exceeding the
period of time calculated according to the formula in paragraph
(2) below; or
2) an annuity commencing on the maturity date payable to you,
or to you for your life and to your spouse after your death, for a
term of years equal to 90 minus either your age in whole years
at the maturity of the Plan, or where your spouse is younger
than you and you so elect, the age in whole years of your
spouse at the maturity of the PLAN;
3) the purchase of a registered retirement income fund in
accordance with the Act; or
4) any combination thereof.
45
b) On the maturity date chosen by you, not to exceed December 31 of the
year in which your 71st birthday (or such other age as prescribed by the
Act) occurs, the Trustee shall liquidate the assets in your account and use
the proceeds to purchase your retirement income as defined under
subsection 146(1) of the Act, subject to the following conditions:
(i) The retirement income shall be provided by a company qualified
under the Applicable Tax Legislation to provide a retirement income;
(ii) Any annuity shall be payable in equal annual or more frequent
periodic payments to you until such time as there is a payment in
full or partial commutation of the retirement income and, where
such commutation is partial, equal annual or more frequent periodic
payments thereafter;
(iii) Any annuity shall not be capable, either in whole or in part,
of assignment;
(iv) Where any annuity has a guaranteed term, that guaranteed term
may not exceed the number of years equal to 90 minus your age in
whole years at the maturity date or, if you so choose and your
spouse is younger than you, your spouse’s age in whole years at the
maturity date.
(v) Any annuity so acquired may be integrated with any Old Age
Security pension;
(vi) Any annuity so acquired may be increased in whole or in part to
reflect increases in the Consumer Price Index (as defined in
Applicable Tax Legislation), or increases at a rate specified in the
annuity, not exceeding 4% per annum;
(vii) Any annuity will, subject to subparagraphs 12(b)(v) and (vi), provide
for equal annual or more frequent periodic payments until there is a
payment in full or partial commutation of the annuity, and, where
there is partial commutation, provide for equal annual or more
frequent periodic payments thereafter;
(viii) Any annuity will not provide for the aggregate of the periodic
payments in a year after your death which exceed the aggregate of
the payments in a year before your death;
(ix) will provide for commutation if the annuity would become payable
to a person other than yourself or, upon your death, to your spouse.
c) In the event that you do not instruct the Agent or the Trustee within
90 days of the last day of the year in which your 71st birthday (or such
other age as prescribed by the Act) occurs (or within such lesser period of
time as the Trustee may in it sole discretion determine from time to time)
to purchase a retirement income for you, the Agent or the Trustee shall
liquidate the PLAN assets, and may, at its discretion, use the PLAN
proceeds to obtain a retirement income under the provisions of this
section. The Trustee will:
(i) where the value of the property in the PLAN is equal to or exceeds
$10,000 (or such greater or lesser amount as the Trustee may in its
sole discretion determine from time to time) transfer, prior to the
end of the year in which your 71st birthday (or such other age as
prescribed by the Act) occurs, the property in the Plan to a
Registered Retirement Income Fund for which you shall be the
annuitant and for which the Trustee will act as carrier in compliance
with Applicable Tax Legislation and you hereby appoint the Agent as
your attorney in fact to execute all such documents and make
elections as are necessary to establish and operate the Registered
Retirement Income Fund. In such event, any beneficiary that you
have designated in the PLAN will be designated as the beneficiary of
such Registered Retirement Income Fund; and
46
(ii) where the value of the property in the PLAN is less than $10,000 (or
such greater or lesser amount as the Trustee may in its sole
discretion determine from time to time), the fair market value of the
property of the PLAN will be included in your taxable income as of
January 1 of the year in which your 72nd birthday (or, where a
maturity age other than 71 years has been prescribed by the Act, of
the year after you have reached such maturity age) occurs, the
Trustee will liquidate the property and pay all amounts held in the
PLAN or distribute the property of the PLAN, and such proceeds or
property will be subject to any required withholding therefrom in
respect of taxes or other charges and shall be remitted to you as
soon as is practicable following January 1 in such year.
12. Death Prior to Maturity Date: In the event of your death prior to the
commencement of a retirement income, the Trustee shall, upon receipt of
satisfactory evidence of your death and all other legal documents that the
Agent or the Trustee may reasonably require, liquidate the assets held in
your account and, subject to the deduction of all proper charges including
any applicable income tax, make a lump-sum payment to the person legally
entitled thereto pursuant to section 11 hereof.
13. Amendments to PLAN: The Trustee may from time to time amend this
Declaration of Trust with the concurrence of the Minister of National
Revenue, if required, and the concurrence of provincial tax authorities, if
applicable:
a) without notice to you or without your consent, provided that the
amendment is made for the purpose of satisfying a requirement imposed
by the Applicable Tax Legislation or at its effective date the amendment
will not in the Trustee’s sole opinion adversely affect your rights under
the PLAN; and
b) in all other cases, by giving 30 days notice in writing to you, provided
that in all cases no such amendment will have the effect of disqualifying
the PLAN as a registered retirement savings plan within the meaning of
the Applicable Tax Legislation. Prior to the maturity date, the PLAN may
also be amended according to the provisions of the Applicable Tax
Legislation upon 30 days written notice to the Trustee to provide for the
payment or transfer of the assets held by the Trustee in your PLAN to
another registered retirement savings plan, registered pension plan or
registered retirement income fund.
14. Payments Upon Marriage Breakdown: To the extent and in the
manner permitted by Applicable Tax Legislation, the Trustee will make a
payment or payments out of the PLAN to effect a division of property
provided such payment is made pursuant to decree, order or judgment
of a competent tribunal or under a written separation agreement in the
settlement of rights arising out of or on the breakdown of your marriage
or other conjugal relationship.
15. Notices: Any notice given to the Trustee hereunder shall be sufficiently
given if delivered to, or mailed, postage prepaid, addressed to the Agent or
the Trustee at its head office in Toronto, Canada and shall be considered to
have been given on the day that it is received by the Agent or the Trustee.
Any notice, statement or receipt given by the Agent or the Trustee to you
will be sufficiently given if mailed, postage prepaid, addressed to you at
your last address known to the Agent or the Trustee in connection with this
PLAN and such notice shall be deemed to have been given on the third
business day following the day of mailing.
16. Indemnity: You, your successors, executors and administrators shall at
all times indemnify and save harmless the Agent and the Trustee in respect
of any taxes, assessments or other charges levied or imposed by any
governmental authority upon or in respect of the PLAN. The Trustee and the
47
Agent shall be entitled to and shall be fully protected in acting upon any
instrument, certificate, notice or other writing believed by the Trustee or the
Agent to be genuine and to be signed or presented by the proper person(s).
The Trustee and the Agent shall be under no duty to make any investigation
or inquiry as to any statement contained in any such writing but shall be
entitled to accept the same as conclusive evidence of the truth and
accuracy of the statement therein contained. When the PLAN is terminated
and the proceeds thereon are withdrawn, the Trustee and the Agent shall
be released and discharged from any further responsibility or obligation in
connection herewith. Except as otherwise provided herein, the Trustee shall
not be liable for any loss incurred by the PLAN, by you or by any beneficiary
under the PLAN unless due to the negligence, willful misconduct or lack of
good faith of the Trustee.
17. Applicable Laws: This agreement will be governed by and construed in
accordance with the laws of the Province of Ontario. Any reference to
“spouse” contained herein or in the application means “spouse or
common-law partner” and any reference to “marriage” herein or in the
application means “marriage or common-law partnership.”
18. Successor Trustee:
a) Subject to paragraph (c) the Trustee or any successor trustee of the PLAN
may resign as trustee by appointing a replacement trustee as provided in
paragraph (b) and by giving 30 days prior notice in writing to you
advising you of its resignation and the name and address of the
replacement trustee to be appointed. The Trustee shall resign at the
request of the Agent subject to the appointment of a successor trustee as
provided in paragraphs (b) and (c).
b) A resigning Trustee may, by writing, appoint another party to be trustee
in its place, provided that such party is a corporation licensed or
otherwise authorized under the laws of Canada or a province thereof to
carry on in Canada the business of offering to the public its services as
trustee and is acceptable to the Agent.
c) The Trustee or any successor trustee shall not resign as trustee of the
PLAN
(i) unless a replacement trustee described in paragraph (b) is appointed
and accepts the appointment to replace the resigning trustee, or
(ii) if the replacement trustee described in paragraph (b) will result in
the PLAN ceasing to be a registered retirement savings plan under
Income Tax Act (Canada).
d) A retiring trustee shall transfer to the replacement trustee all property of
the trust and all records related to its duties as trustee and shall do all
acts and execute all deeds necessary for the proper vesting of the trust
property in the replacement trustee.
e) Notwithstanding anything herein before contained, a trustee shall
continue as trustee of the PLAN until such time as a replacement trustee
shall become vested with all the rights and obligations of the retiring
trustee hereunder.
f) Any corporation into which the Trustee may be merged, consolidated or
amalgamated, or any corporation resulting from any merger,
consolidation or amalgamation to which the Trustee is a party, or any
corporation succeeding to the trust business of the Trustee or to which
substantially all of the trust assets of the Trustee may be transferred shall
be the successor trustee of the PLAN, provided such corporation is
authorized by law to be the trustee of the PLAN, without the execution of
any further instrument.
19. Heirs, Executors and Assigns: The terms and conditions of this
48
Declaration of Trust shall be binding upon your heirs, executors,
administrators and assigns and upon the respective successors and assigns
of the Trustee and the Agent.
TD WATERHOUSE SELF-DIRECTED RETIREMENT INCOME
FUND DECLARATION OF TRUST
The Canada Trust Company, a trust company incorporated under the laws of
Canada and having its Head Office in the City of Toronto in the Province of
Ontario (“the Trustee”), in consideration of the transfer of qualified property
hereby declares that it accepts the office of trustee and agrees to hold the
property and make payments from a Retirement Income Fund (herein the
”FUND”) to the account holder who is also the applicant named on the
application (herein called “you”, “your” and “yours”), and who is the
”annuitant” within the meaning of subsection 146.3 (1) of the Income Tax
Act (Canada), and if you so elect, to your spouse after your death, upon the
following terms:
1. Registration: The Trustee will apply for registration of the FUND under
your Social Insurance Number as a Retirement Income Fund under the
provisions of the Income Tax Act (Canada) (the “Act”) and, if applicable,
the provisions of any similar legislation of the Province in which you reside
(the Act and such provincial legislation, including the regulations issued
thereunder, collectively or individually referred to as the “Applicable Tax
Legislation”).
2. Administration: The Trustee may delegate certain administrative duties
to an affiliate of the Trustee (such affiliate herein referred to as “Agent”).
Notwithstanding the duties delegated to the Agent, the ultimate
responsibility for the administration of the FUND remains with the Trustee.
3. Purpose of the FUND: The Trustee undertakes to hold such property
(including cash) in trust and to pay to you and, if you so elect, to your
spouse after your death, in each year commencing not later than the first
complete calendar year after the year this agreement is entered into, an
amount (herein called a “retirement income”) calculated according to the
terms of the Act.
4. Transfers to the FUND: No qualified investment will be accepted by the
Trustee as consideration for the payment of a retirement income other than
property transferred by direct transfers from:
a) a Registered Retirement Savings Plan under which you are the annuitant;
b) a Registered Retirement Income Fund under which you are the
annuitant;
c) you to the extent that the property is an amount described in paragraph
60(1)(v) of the Income Tax Act (Canada);
d) a Registered Retirement Savings Plan or Registered Retirement Income
Fund of you or your spouse or former spouse pursuant to a decree, order
or judgment of a competent tribunal or a written separation agreement
relating to a division of property between you and your spouse or former
spouse in settlement of rights arising out of your marriage on or after
the breakdown of your marriage;
e) a Registered Pension Plan under which you are a member within the
meaning assigned under subsection 147.1(1) of the Act;
f) a Registered Pension Plan in accordance with subsections 147.3(5) and
(7) of the Act; or
g) a specified pension plan in circumstances to which subsection 146(21) of
the Act applies;
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5. Investments:
a) The Trustee will, on your written or oral directions, invest the Property of
the FUND, provided that the Trustee may in its sole discretion decline to
make any particular investment for any reason including, without
limitation, if the proposed investment and related documentation do not
comply with the trustee’s administrative requirements, which may be
modified from time to time. You will have the right to designate a person
or persons in a satisfactory form as may be determined by the Trustee, as
your attorney for the purpose of giving any such directions and the
Trustee will be released from any claims of or liability to you in acting
pursuant to such directions unless it has received written notice that
such person or persons is not or has ceased to be your attorney and the
Trustee has acknowledged receipt of such notice in writing.
b) The Trustee or the Agent, as defined herein, may require you to provide
such documentation in respect of any investment or proposed investment
as the Trustee in its sole discretion deems necessary. The FUND may be
invested and reinvested in any eligible securities and/or deposits,
including securities issued or managed by or deposits with the Trustee
and its affiliates as you may direct from time to time. The Trustee may, at
its discretion, hold uninvested cash balances in any affiliate of the
Trustee.
c) Pending the investment of uninvested cash in the FUND, the Trustee or
the Agent will hold such cash in a segregated account and pay interest
thereon on such terms and at such rate or rates as it may from time to
time establish, provided that such cash has been deposited with the
Trustee or its Agent. Until the FUND is terminated as provided herein, the
Trustee’s sole obligation relating to investments of the FUND will be
confined to: (i) executing your directions with respect to the investment
and reinvestment of monies in the FUND and of the proceeds of any
sales of such investments or reinvestments and any income earned
thereon; and (ii) maintaining legal ownership and possession of the
investments that from time to time form part of the property of the
FUND or maintaining such investments in bearer form or in the name of
a nominee or in such other name as the Trustee may determine.
d) Without restricting the generality of the foregoing, it will be your sole
responsibility to choose the investments of the FUND, and to determine
whether any investment should be purchased, sold or retained by the
Trustee as part of the FUND. The Trustee shall exercise the care, diligence
and skill of a reasonably prudent person to minimize the possibility that
the FUND holds a non-qualified investment. Other than as heretofore
stated, it will be your responsilbility to determine whether any
investment is or remains a qualified investment within the meaning of
Applicable Tax Legislation. Neither the Trustee nor the Agent, as defined
herein, will be liable to you if: (i)any investment in the FUND results in
additional taxes or penalties imposed by Applicable Tax Legislation, or (ii)
any such investment produce losses of any nature whatsoever for the
FUND whether or not the Trustee or Agent has communicated to you any
information the Trustee or Agent may have received, or any judgment the
Trustee or Agent may have formed, with respect to the foregoing at any
particular time. Should the FUND become liable for any taxes, interest or
other penalties under Applicable Tax Legislation, you authorize the
Trustee to redeem sufficient securities and/or deposits, as required, in the
FUND to pay for such liability. Notwithstanding the above, the Trustee is
not entitled to charge against and deduct from the assets in the FUND
any charges , taxes or penalties imposed on the Trustee under Applicable
Tax Legislation.
Notwithstanding any of the above, if the Trustee determines, at its sole
discretion, that any investment in the FUND is or has become a non50
qualified investment for purposes of Applicable Tax Legislation, the Trustee
may, at its sole discretion, withdraw such investment from the FUND inkind, by way of realization of the investment in cash or, in the case of a
mortgage, by way of transfer of such mortgage from the FUND to you. You
acknowledge that the valuation of the investment shall be determined by
the Trustee in its sole discretion, provided that it is your obligation to
provide the Trustee with such independent evidence of the value of the
investment as the Trustee requests. You authorize the Trustee to take any
such actions and you irrevocably consent to them. You further acknowledge
that you are responsible for all consequences (whether foreseeable or not),
including tax consequences, of those actions.
6. Your Account(s): The Trustee will send to you statements at least
annually, setting forth the particulars of each transaction within your
account(s) and the balance then standing to your credit.
Notwithstanding anything herein contained, the Trustee is empowered to
retain in cash or realize upon such portion of your account(s) as the Trustee
may in its discretion deem advisable for the payment of your retirement
income or any fee which may be applicable in accordance with section 11
hereof.
You are liable for the payment of any debit balance owing with the FUND
and will be liable for any debit balance remaining after liquidation of assets
in the FUND and the application of such liquidation against the debit
balance. The Trustee may, at its discretion, and without notice to you, sell
assets in the FUND as it determines to be appropriate to pay in full said
debit balance. You acknowledge that the Trustee will not be liable to you
regarding any aspect of such sale. In addition, you acknowledge that the
liquidation of assets in the FUND may have significant financial
consequences for you, including tax consequences, for which you are solely
liable.
7. Retirement Income: Commencing not later than the first calendar year
after the year in which the FUND is established, the retirement income
payable each year will be one or more amounts the aggregate of which is
not less than the minimum amount as defined below, but in no event will
the retirement income exceed the fair market value of the FUND
immediately before the time of payment. If the Trustee agrees, you may
elect to receive in any year any amount between the minimum amount and
the fair market value of the property in the FUND. The minimum amount
will be the minimum amount as defined in subsection 146.3(l) of the Act.
If you elect to have your minimum amount determined using your spouse’s
age, you must complete the appropriate area on the face of this form
before the Trustee makes any payment out of the FUND to you.
At the end of the year in which the last payment is made, an amount equal
to the value of the property must be paid out.
No assignment will be made of any amount payable to you or, if applicable,
to your spouse, out of or under the FUND.
8. Your Death: If you die during the term of the FUND, the Trustee will,
unless your spouse has become the annuitant of the FUND under the terms
of the agreement or with the consent of the carrier of the FUND and your
legal representative, and upon receipt of satisfactory evidence of your death
and all other legal documents that it may reasonably require, distribute all
the property in your account, after deduction of all proper charges including
any applicable income tax, to the person legally entitled thereto pursuant
to section 9 hereof.
9. Designation of Beneficiary: If permitted by applicable law, you may
designate one or more beneficiaries in accordance with this paragraph to
receive the proceeds payable under the FUND in the event of your death.
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A valid beneficiary designation can only be made, changed or revoked by
a written instrument that adequately identifies the FUND signed by you in
a form reasonably acceptable to the Trustee and received by the Trustee
prior to any payment hereunder. If more than one instrument has been so
lodged, the Trustee shall make payment only in accordance with the
instrument in its possession bearing the latest execution date. An
instrument shall be valid for the purposes of this Section even though it
does not meet the applicable provincial requirements for a testamentary
disposition. An instrument shall not be valid for the purposes of this Section
when the Trustee has actual notice of a valid Will or codicil that specifically
designates a beneficiary which postdates the latest instrument filed with
the Trustee. In the event of your death, unless your spouse has become the
annuitant of the FUND under the terms hereof or with the consent of the
carrier and your legal representative, in which case the Trustee shall
continue the payment to your spouse in accordance with the terms hereof,
the Trustee will, upon receipt of satisfactory evidence of your death and all
other documentation which it may reasonably require, distribute the
proceeds of the FUND, after deduction of all proper charges including any
applicable income tax, in accordance with the beneficiary designation on
the latest valid instrument filed with the Trustee. If there is no valid
instrument filed with the Trustee or if all of your beneficiaries predecease
you, this amount will be paid to your legal personal representative. On
making any such payment, the Trustee shall be released from all further
obligations under the FUND.
10. Income Tax Information Slips: On or before, the end of February in
each year, the Trustee will give you a T4 RIF information slip with respect to
retirement income paid to you under the FUND for the preceding taxation
year. It is your sole responsibility to ensure that the amount of your
retirement income under the FUND is properly reported on your income tax
return as required under the Applicable Tax Legislation.
11. Fees: The Trustee and the Agent may levy fees that will be disclosed to
you when you open your account, and the Agent or the Trustee reserves the
right to change the fees at any time subject to 60 days notice in writing to
you.
Notwithstanding anything herein contained, the Trustee is empowered to
retain in cash such portion of the investment earned as the Trustee may, at
its discretion, deem advisable for the payment of any fee introduced in
accordance with section 11 hereof.
In the absence of such cash resources, the Trustee is empowered to realize
at its discretion sufficient assets for payment of the Trustee’s or the Agent’s
fees and out of pocket expenses. Any such sales shall be made at such price
or prices as the Trustee or Agent at its sole discretion may determine and
neither the Trustee nor the Agent shall be responsible for any loss
occasioned by any such sale.
12. Your Certification: Your statement of your date of birth and, if
applicable, your spouse’s date of birth contained in your application for the
FUND will be deemed to be your certification of your age and, if applicable,
your spouse’s age upon which the Trustee may rely and your undertaking to
provide any further evidence of proof of age that may be required.
13. Amendments to FUND: The Trustee may from time to time amend this
Declaration of Trust with the concurrence of the Minister of National
Revenue, if required, and the concurrence of provincial tax authorities, if
applicable:
a) without notice to you or without your consent, provided that the
amendment is made for the purpose of satisfying a requirement imposed
by the Applicable Tax Legislation or at its effective date the amendment
52
will not in the Trustee’s sole opinion adversely affect your rights under
the FUND; and
b) in all other cases, by giving 30 days notice in writing to you, provided
that in all cases no such amendment will have the effect of disqualifying
the FUND as a registered retirement income fund within the meaning of
the Applicable Tax Legislation.
14. Transfer from FUND: Subject to the terms and the maturity of the
qualified investment(s) you have chosen for the FUND, pursuant to
Section 5 hereof, the Trustee or the Agent will, within 10 business days of
receipt of your written notice, transfer as directed, pursuant to the
provisions Applicable Tax Legislation and subject to paragraph 146.3(2)(e)
of the Act, all or part of the property of the FUND to another registered
retirement income fund after deduction of any unpaid fee and provide all
necessary information.
Where the minimum amount for the year has not yet been withdrawn, the
Trustee will retain a sufficient portion of the FUND to allow it to make a
payment sufficient to ensure that the minimum amount is paid to you for
the year.
The Trustee accepts no responsibility for the establishment and validity of
any new retirement income fund arrangement between you and any other
carrier or for the investment or payment of any funds after the payment or
transfer provided for herein.
15. Notices: Any notice given to the Trustee hereunder will be sufficiently
given if delivered to or mailed, postage prepaid, addressed to the Agent or
the Trustee at its Head Office in Toronto, Canada and will be considered to
have been given on the day that it is received by the Agent or the Trustee.
Any notice, statement or receipt given by the Agent or the Trustee to you
will be sufficiently given if mailed, postage prepaid, addressed to you at
your last address known to the Agent or the Trustee in connection with this
FUND and such notice will be deemed to have been given on the third
business day following the day of mailing.
16. Indemnity: You, your successors, executors and administrators will at
all times indemnify and save harmless the Agent and the Trustee in respect
of any taxes, assessments or other charges levied or imposed by any
governmental authority upon or in respect of the FUND.
The Trustee and the Agent shall be entitled to and shall be fully protected
in acting upon any instrument, certificate, notice or other writing believed
by the Trustee or the Agent to be genuine and to be signed or presented by
the proper person(s). The Trustee and the Agent shall be under no duty to
make any investigation or inquiry as to any statement contained in any
such writing but shall be entitled to accept the same as conclusive evidence
of the truth and accuracy of the statement therein contained. When the
FUND is terminated and the proceeds thereon are withdrawn, the Trustee
and the Agent shall be released and discharged from any further
responsibility or obligation in connection herewith. Except as otherwise
provided herein, the Trustee shall not be liable for any loss incurred by the
FUND, by you or by any beneficiary under the FUND unless due to the
negligence, willful misconduct or lack of good faith of the Trustee.
17. Applicable Law: This agreement will be governed by and construed in
accordance with the laws of the Province of Ontario. Any reference to
“spouse” contained herein or in the application means “spouse or
common-law partner” and any reference to “marriage” herein or in the
application means “marriage or common-law partnership.”
18. Successor Trustee:
a) Subject to paragraph (c) the Trustee or any successor trustee of the FUND
may resign as trustee by appointing a replacement trustee as provided in
53
paragraph (b) and by giving 30 days prior notice in writing to you
advising you of its resignation and the name and address of the
replacement trustee to be appointed. The Trustee shall resign at the
request of the Agent subject to the appointment of a successor trustee as
provided in paragraphs (b) and (c).
b) A resigning Trustee may, by writing: appoint another party to be trustee
in its place, provided that such party is a corporation licensed or
otherwise authorized under the laws of Canada or a province thereof to
carry on in Canada the business of offering to the public its services as
trustee and is acceptable to the Agent.
c) The Trustee or any successor trustee shall not resign as trustee of the
FUND
(i) unless a replacement trustee described in paragraph (b) is appointed
and accepts the appointment to replace the resigning Trustee, or
(ii) if the replacement trustee described in paragraph (b) will result in
the FUND ceasing to be a registered retirement income fund plan
under Applicable Tax Legislation.
d) A retiring Trustee shall transfer to the replacement trustee all property of
the FUND and all records related to its duties as trustee and shall do all
acts and execute all deeds necessary for the proper vesting of the FUND
property in the replacement trustee.
e) Notwithstanding anything herein before contained, a Trustee shall
continue as Trustee of the FUND until such time as a replacement Trustee
shall become vested with all the rights and obligations of the retiring
Trustee hereunder.
(f) Any corporation into which the Trustee may be merged, consolidated or
amalgamated, or any corporation resulting from any merger,
consolidation or amalgamation to which the Trustee is a party, or any
corporation succeeding to the trust business of the Trustee or to which
substantially all of the trust assets of the Trustee may be transferred
shall be the successor trustee of the FUND, provided such corporation is
authorized by law to be the trustee of the FUND, without the execution
of any further instrument.
19. Heirs, Executors and Assigns: The terms and conditions of this
Declaration of Trust shall be binding upon your heirs, executors,
administrators and assigns and upon the respective successors and assigns
of the Trustee and the Agent.
20. Transfer Upon Marriage Breakdown: To the extent and in the
manner permitted by Applicable Tax Legislation, the Trustee will make a
transfer out of the FUND on behalf of an individual who is your spouse and
who is entitled to the amount of the transfer under a decree, an order or a
judgment of a competent tribunal, or under a written agreement, that
relates to a division of property between you and the individual in
settlement of rights that arise out of, or on a breakdown of, your marriage.
TD WATERHOUSE TAX-FREE SAVINGS ACCOUNT
DECLARATION OF TRUST
The Canada Trust Company, a trust company amalgamated under the laws of
Canada (the “Trustee”), hereby declares that it agrees to act as Trustee for
the individual named in the application (the “Application”) on the face
hereof (the “Holder”) for the TD Waterhouse Tax-Free Savings Account (the
“Account”) upon the following terms and conditions:
1. Registration: Subject to the Holder having attained the age of majority,
the Trustee will elect, in the form and manner prescribed by the Income Tax
54
Act (Canada) (the “Act”) and any applicable provincial income tax legislation
relating to tax-free savings accounts as designated from time to time in
writing by the Holder (the Act and such provincial income tax legislation
being hereinafter collectively referred to as “Applicable Tax Legislation”), to
register the arrangement governed by this Declaration of Trust as a tax-free
savings account under the Social Insurance Number of the Holder. For greater
certainty, unless the Holder has attained at least 18 years of age at the time
that this arrangement is entered into, it shall not constitute a qualifying
arrangement, as that term is defined in subsection 146.2(1) of the Act,
susceptible of being registered as a tax-free savings account.
2. SPOUSE AND COMMON-LAW PARTNER: Any reference to “Spouse”
contained in this Declaration of Trust or in the Application means spouse or
common-law partner.
3. SUCCESSOR HOLDER: Any reference to “Successor Holder” in this
Declaration of Trust or in the Application means a Survivor, as that term is
defined in subsection 146.2(1) of the Act, and who is the Spouse of the
Holder immediately before the Holder’s death.
4. HOLDER: Any reference to “Holder” or “applicant” in the Declaration of
Trust or in the Application means the Holder or Successor Holder.
5. ACCOUNT: The Trustee will maintain the Account for the exclusive
benefit and in the name of the Holder, showing all contributions made to
the Account and all investment transactions made at the direction of the
Holder.
The Holder is liable for the payment of any debit balance owing within the
Account and will be liable for any debit remaining after the liquidation of
assets in the Account and the application of such liquidation against the
debit balance. The Trustee may, at its discretion and without notice to the
Holder, sell assets in the Account as it determines to be appropriate to pay
in full the said debit balance and its costs. The Holder acknowledges that
the Trustee will not be liable to the Holder regarding any aspect of such
sale. In addition, the Holder acknowledges that the liquidation of assets in
the Account may have significant financial consequences for the Holder,
including tax consequences, for which the Holder is solely liable.
6. CONTRIBUTIONS: Only the Holder may make contributions to the
Account, and the Trustee shall accept only such payments of cash and other
transfers of property acceptable to it, pursuant to any minimum
contribution requirement identified in the Application or other notice given
under the terms of this Declaration of Trust or otherwise, the same together
with any income therefrom constituting a trust to be used, invested and
held subject to the terms hereof. It is the responsibility of the Holder to
ensure that no contribution exceeds the maximum permitted under the
Applicable Tax Legislation.
7. INVESTMENT: The Trustee will, on the written or oral directions of the
Holder, invest the property of the Account, provided that the Trustee may in
its sole discretion decline to make any particular investment for any reason
including, without limitation, if the proposed investment and related
documentation do not comply with the Trustee’s administrative
requirements, which may be modified from time to time. The Holder will
have the right to designate a person or persons in a satisfactory form as
may be determined by the Trustee, as his or her attorney for the purpose of
giving any such directions and the Trustee will be released from any claims
or liability to the Holder in acting pursuant to such directions unless it has
received written notice that such person or persons is not or has ceased to
be the Holder’s attorney and the Trustee has acknowledged receipt of such
notice in writing.
The Trustee, or TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. or its affiliates (the “Agent”),
55
may require the Holder to provide such documentation in respect of any
investment or proposed investment as the Trustee in its sole discretion
deems necessary. Contributions and transfers to the Account may be
invested and reinvested in any eligible securities and/or deposits, including
securities issued or managed by, or deposits with the Trustee and any of its
affiliates, as the Holder may direct from time to time. The Trustee may, at its
discretion, hold uninvested balances in the Trustee or in any affiliate of the
Trustee.
Pending the investment of any uninvested cash in the Account, the Trustee
or the Agent will hold such cash in a segregated account and pay interest
thereon on such terms and at such rate or rates as it may from time to time
established, provided that such cash has been deposited with the Trustee or
its Agent.
Notwithstanding any of the above, if the Trustee determines, in its sole
discretion, that any investment in the Account is or becomes a nonqualified investment for purposes of the Act, the Trustee may, at its sole
discretion, withdraw such investment from the Account in-kind or by way of
realization of the investment in cash. The Holder acknowledges that the
valuation of the investment shall be determined by the Trustee in its sole
discretion, provided that it is the Holder’s obligation to provide the Trustee
with such independent evidence of the value of the investment as the
Trustee requests. The Holder authorizes the Trustee to take any such actions
and the Holder irrevocably consents to them. The Holder further
acknowledges that the Holder is responsible for all consequences (whether
foreseeable or not), including tax consequences, of those actions. and, in
such event, the Holder acknowledges that he or she is liable for the tax
consequences of such withdrawal.
8. DISTRIBUTIONS: Subject to the terms of any investment, the Holder
may request that the Trustee pay to the Holder all or any part of the assets
held in the Account in satisfaction of all or part of the Holder’s interest
therein (a “Distribution”). Notwithstanding the terms of any investment, or
any limit on the frequency of Distributions or any minimum Distribution
requirement identified in the Application or other notice given under the
terms of this Declaration of Trust, the Trustee may make Distributions in
order to reduce the amount of tax otherwise payable by the Holder as a
result of excess contributions made contrary to Applicable Tax Legislation.
No one other than the Holder and the Trustee shall have rights under the
Account relating to the amount and timing of Distributions.
9. TRANSFERS OUT: All or a part of the property in the Account may be
transferred to another tax-free savings account of the Holder, and the
Trustee may liquidate any investments held in the Account to the extent
deemed necessary to transfer the amount requested, subject to the terms of
such investments.
All or a part of the property in the Account may be transferred to a tax-free
savings account of the Spouse or former Spouse where the Holder and the
Spouse or former Spouse are living separate and apart and the transfer is
made under a decree, order or judgement of a competent tribunal or under
a written separation agreement that relates to a division of property in
settlement of rights arising out of, or on the breakdown of, their marriage
or common-law partnership, and the Trustee may liquidate any investments
held in the Account to the extent deemed necessary to transfer the amount
requested.
10. TRANSFERS IN: Property may be transferred to the Account from
another tax-free savings account of the Holder or of the Spouse or former
Spouse of the Holder where:
(a) the Holder and Spouse or former Spouse are living separate and apart
and the transfer is made under a decree, order or judgment of a
56
competent tribunal or under a written separation agreement that relates
to a division of property in settlement of rights arising out of, or on the
breakdown of their marriage or common-law partnership; or
(b) the Holder is the Spouse’s survivor and the transfer occurs as a result of
an exempt contribution as that term is defined in subsection 207.01(1)
of the Act.
11. DEATH OF THE HOLDER: In the event of the death of the Holder
where the Holder has validly designated the Successor Holder (and the
Holder is domiciled in a jurisdiction designated by the Trustee as one in
which a holder of a tax-free savings account may validly designate a
successor holder), the Successor Holder shall become the Holder. In the
event of the death of the Holder where there is no Successor Holder or the
Successor Holder has not been designated, the Trustee shall, upon receipt of
satisfactory evidence thereof, realize the interest of the Holder in the
Account. Subject to the deduction of all proper charges, including taxes, if
any, required to be withheld, the proceeds of such realization shall be paid
by the Trustee, as the case may be, to the estate of the Holder or to the
Holder’s designated beneficiary (where the Holder is domiciled in a
jurisdiction designated by the Trustee as one in which a holder of a tax-free
savings account may validly designate a beneficiary) upon furnishing the
Trustee with such releases and other documents as may be required or as
counsel may advise.
If more than one designation has been lodged, the Trustee shall rely on the
instrument in its possession bearing the latest execution date.
12. OWNERSHIP: The Trustee must hold any investment in its own name,
in the name of its nominee, in bearer form or in such other name as the
Trustee may determine. The Trustee may generally exercise the power of an
owner with respect to all property held by it for the Account, including the
right to vote or to give proxies to vote in respect thereof, and to pay any
assessment, taxes or charges in connection therewith or the income or
gains derived therefrom.
13. DELEGATION:
a) The Holder authorizes the Trustee to perform, and the Trustee may
delegate to the Agent the performance of, the following duties and
responsibilities of the Trustee:
(i) to receive the Holder’s contributions and transfers to the Account;
(ii) to make Distributions and transfers from the Account;
(iii) to invest and reinvest in the Account in accordance with the
directions of the Holder;
(iv) to hold the assets forming the Account in safekeeping;
(v) to maintain the Account;
(vi) to provide statements to the Holder of the Account; and
(vii) to perform such other duties and responsibilities of the Trustee as
the Trustee may determine from time to time, in accordance with the
Applicable Taxation Act.
b) The Trustee shall, however, remain ultimately responsible for the
administration of the Account pursuant to the provisions of this Declaration
of Trust. The Holder also authorizes the Trustee to, and the Trustee may, pay
the Agent all or a portion of the fees paid by the Holder to the Trustee
hereunder and may reimburse the Agent for its out-of-pocket expenses in
performing the duties and responsibilities delegated to the Agent by the
Trustee, as agreed upon between the Agent and the Trustee. To the extent
applicable, the Holder acknowledges that the Agent may earn normal
brokerage commissions on investment and reinvestment transactions
processed by the Agent.
57
14. TRUSTEE FEES AND EXPENSES: The Trustee will be entitled to such
reasonable fees and other charges as it may establish from time to time for
the Account and to reimbursement for disbursements and expenses
reasonably incurred by it in performing its duties hereunder. All such fees
and other amounts (together with any goods and services tax or other
taxes applicable thereto) will, unless paid directly to the Trustee, be charged
against and deducted from the assets of the Account in such manner as the
Trustee determines, and the Trustee may realize assets of the Account in its
absolute discretion for the purposes of paying such fees and other amounts.
Any such realization shall be made at such price or prices as the Trustee or
the Agent at its sole discretion may determine and neither the Trustee nor
the Agent shall be responsible for any loss occasioned by any such
realization.
15. AMENDMENT: The Trustee may, from time to time at its discretion,
amend this Declaration of Trust, with the concurrence of the authorities
administering the Applicable Tax Legislation if required, and:
(a) without notice provided that the amendment is made for the purpose
of satisfying a requirement imposed by the Applicable Tax Legislation or at
its effective date the amendment will not in the Trustee's sole opinion
adversely affect the Holder’s rights under the Account;
(b) in all other cases, by giving 30 days notice to the Holder; provided,
however, that any such amendments shall not have the effect of
disqualifying the Account as a tax-free savings account within the
meanings of the Applicable Tax Legislation.
16. NOTICE: Any notice given by the Trustee to the Holder shall be
sufficiently given if mailed, postage prepaid, to the Holder at the address
set out in the Application or at any subsequent address of which the Holder
shall have notified the Trustee, and any such notice shall be deemed to
have been given on the day of mailing.
17. LIABILITY: Neither the Trustee nor the Agent shall be liable for
ascertaining whether any investment made on the direction of the Holder is
or remains a qualified investment for purposes of a tax-free savings
account, or whether any such investment constitutes a prohibited
investment or for any tax payable in respect of any non-qualified or
prohibited investment (as those terms are defined in subsection 207.01(1)
of the Act) by the Holder or by the trust established hereunder, and the
Holder acknowledges and assumes the sole responsibility in respect of the
foregoing. Neither the Trustee nor the Agent shall otherwise be liable for
the making, retention or sale of any investment or reinvestment as herein
provided or for any loss or diminution of the assets comprising the Account.
The Holder and his or her successors, executors and administrators shall at
all times indemnify and save harmless the Trustee and the Agent in respect
of any taxes, assessments or other charges levied or imposed by any
governmental authority upon or in respect of the Account.
Neither the Trustee nor the Agent shall be liable for any taxes, assessments
or other charges levied or imposed by any governmental authority upon or
in respect of the Account or for any loss incurred by the Account, by the
Holder or by any beneficiary designated for the purposes of the Account
resulting from the Holder ceasing to be a Canadian tax resident.
The Trustee and the Agent shall be entitled to and shall be fully protected in
acting upon any instrument, certificate, notice or other writing believed by
the Trustee or the Agent to be genuine and to be signed or presented by
the proper person(s). The Trustee and the Agent shall be under no duty to
make any investigation or inquiry as to any statement contained in any
such writing but shall be entitled to accept the same as conclusive evidence
of the truth and accuracy of the statement therein contained.
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When the Account is terminated and the proceeds thereon are distributed,
the Trustee and the Agent shall be released and discharged from any further
responsibility or obligation in connection herewith.
Except as otherwise provided herein, neither the Trustee nor the Agent shall
be liable for any loss incurred by the Account, by the Holder or by any
beneficiary designated for the purposes of the Account unless due to the
negligence, willful misconduct or lack of good faith of the Trustee or the
Agent.
18. PROOF OF AGE: The statement of the Holder’s date of birth on the
Application shall constitute a certification by the Holder and an undertaking
to furnish such further evidence of proof of age as may be required.
19. NO ADVANTAGE: The Holder or a person with whom the Holder does
not deal at arm’s length may not receive an advantage as that term is
defined in subsection 207.01(1) of the Act.
20. SECURITY FOR A LOAN: Where the Holder uses his or her interest or
right in the Account as security for a loan or other indebtedness, the Holder
shall be responsible for ensuring that the terms and conditions of the loan
or other indebtedness are terms and conditions that persons dealing at
arm’s length with each other would have entered into, and it can be
reasonably concluded that none of the main purpose for that use is to
enable a person, other than the Holder, or a partnership to benefit from the
exemption for tax of any amount under the Account.
21. LOANS: The Trustee is prohibited from borrowing money or other
property for the purposes of the Account.
22. REPLACEMENT OF TRUSTEE: The Trustee, upon giving the Agent at
least 30 days’ written notice (or immediately if the Agent is for any reason
incapable of acting in accordance with this Declaration of Trust), may
resign, and the Agent, upon giving the Trustee at least 90 days’ written
notice (or immediately if the Trustee is for any reason incapable of acting as
Trustee hereunder), may remove the Trustee as the trustee of the Account,
provided that a successor trustee has been appointed by the Agent in
writing. If the Agent fails to designate a successor trustee within 60 days
after it has received notice of the Trustee’s intended resignation, the Trustee
may appoint its successor trustee. Such successor trustee shall, within
90 days of its appointment, give written notice of its appointment to the
Holder. A successor trustee shall have the same power, rights and
obligations as the Trustee. The Trustee shall execute and deliver to the
successor trustee all conveyances, transfers and further assurances as may
be necessary or desirable to give effect to the appointment of the successor
trustee. Any successor trustee shall be a corporation resident in Canada and
authorized under the laws of the province of residence of the Holder
indicated in the Application to carry out its duties and responsibilities as
trustee under the Account. Subject to the requirements of Canada Revenue
Agency, any corporation resulting in the merger, consolidation or
amalgamation to which the Trustee is a party or which purchases all or
substantially all of the trust business of the Trustee shall be the successor
trustee hereunder without the execution of any other instrument or
document except notice to the Agent and to the Holder.
23. ASSIGNMENT BY AGENT: The Agent may assign its rights and
obligations hereunder to any other corporation resident in Canada,
approved by the Canada Revenue Agency and any other applicable
authority, and authorized to assume and discharge the obligations of the
Agent under the Account, provided that such corporation shall execute any
agreement which is necessary or advisable for the purpose of assuming
such rights and obligations and further provided that no such assignment
may be made without prior written consent of the Trustee, which consent
may not be unreasonably withheld.
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24. HEIRS, EXECUTORS AND ASSIGNS: The terms of this Declaration of
Trust shall be binding upon the heirs, executor, administrators and assigns
of the Holder and upon the respective successors and assigns of the Trustee
and Agent.
25. PROPER LAW: This Declaration of Trust will be governed by and
construed in accordance with the laws of Ontario, the Applicable Tax
Legislation and any other laws of Canada, which may be applicable.
26. ENGLISH LANGUAGE: The parties hereto have requested that this
Declaration of Trust and all related documents be written, and the Account
be established, in English. Les parties ont demandé que la déclaration de
fiducie et tous documents y afférents soit rédigés, et le compte soit établi,
en anglais.
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TD Direct Investing, TD Wealth Financial Planning, TD Waterhouse Institutional Services,
TD Wealth Private Investment Advice are divisions of TD Waterhouse Canada Inc., a subsidiary of
The Toronto-Dominion Bank. TD Waterhouse Canada Inc. – Member Canadian Investor Protection
Fund. All trade-marks are the property of their respective owners. ®/ The TD logo and other trademarks are the property of The Toronto-Dominion Bank or a wholly-owned subsidiary, in Canada
and/or other countries.
595636 (0114)