The Developing Person Through The Lifespan 9e NCLEX-RN Test

Making Links Between
The Developing Person Through The Lifespan 9e
Test
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and the NCLEX-RN
The following table provides an at-a-glance correlation between this textbook and the 2013
NCLEX –RN Test Plan published by the National Council of the State Boards of Nursing.
This correlation may help you plan your study
for the NCLEX exam by focusing on the sections of your textbook that tie most closely to
the exam.
In addition to this correlation chart, the instructor’s test bank for The Developing Person through the
Lifespan is also correlated to the four standards in
the NCLEX text plan.
The NCLEX Test Plan is divided into the four
Client Needs categories that appear below. Some
of the key concepts and topics from this textbook
are correlated to each of these four major categories. Keep in mind, however, that this book explores the life span from an interdisciplinary, multicontextual perspective, and therefore elements
of each category are woven throughout the text.
NCLEX Category
and Effective Care Environment
Textbook Content
Chapter 1
•Covers ethics in research related to development.
Chapter 3
•Discusses the ethics of assistive reproductive technologies, and includes a
special feature on prenatal sex selection.
•Discusses the role of genetic testing and genetic counseling for expectant
parents.
Chapter 5
•Describes the worldwide health benefits of expanded immunization programs.
•Discusses education about and prevention of SIDS.
Chapter 8
•Discusses accident and injury prevention in early childhood, including the
three levels of injury prevention.
Chapter 11
•Discusses worldwide health advances in middle childhood due to
immunizations and expansion of medical care.
EPILOGUE
•Discusses the role of advance directives and living wills in end-of-life care.
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Standard 1: Safe
NCLEX Category
Promotion and Maintenance
Textbook Content
Chapter 1
•Describes the life-span perspective of human development, including the
ways that development is multidirectional, multicontextual, multicultural,
multidisciplinary, and plastic.
•Explores the difference between a critical period and a sensitive period in
development.
•Includes a special feature case study on the plasticity of development, focusing
on David, who was born with severe congenital problems.
•Describes differential sensitivity, the idea that some people are more vulnerable
than others to certain problems, usually because of genetic differences.
Chapter 2
•Describes major theories about development, including the “grand” theories
(psychoanalytic theory, behaviorism, and cognitive theory) and newer theories
(sociocultural theory as well as the universal perspective—humanism and
evolutionary theory). Discusses the unique contributions of each of these
theories.
•Includes a special feature on approaches to toilet training.
Chapter 3
•Discusses normal process of fertilization and conception, as well as
chromosomal and genetic abnormalities that can occur.
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Standard 2: Health
Chapter 4
•Discusses the normal process of prenatal
development.
•Discusses the normal birth process and events
associated with the newborn’s first minutes.
•Reviews the APGAR Scale and the Brazelton
Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale, both
used at birth.
Chapter 5
•Describes typical physical growth and
development over the first two years of life
as well as expected brain development and
changes in sleep patterns. Developing senses
and both gross and fine motor skills are also
described.
Chapter 6
•Extensively reviews major theories related to cognitive growth and
development in the first two years of life, including language acquisition.
Chapter 8
•Describes typical physical growth and development between the ages of 2 to
6, reviewing expected brain development and changes in motor skills in early
childhood.
Chapter 9
•Reviews theories related to early childhood cognitive development, including
language development and bilingualism.
Chapter 11
•Describes typical physical growth and development in middle childhood, a
time of steady growth and few serious illnesses.
•Discusses prevalence of childhood obesity and asthma, and environmental,
social, and physical factors related to both.
Chapter 12
•Reviews theories related to cognitive development in middle childhood,
including vocabulary development and differences in language learning.
Chapter 13
•Describes typical physical growth and development during adolescence,
including the process of puberty and sexual maturation.
•Describes the importance of good nutrition and the frequent lack of it in
adolescence.
•Describes adolescent risk taking as related to cognitive development.
•Describes eating disorders and issues related to body image.
•Discusses sexual abuse.
Chapter 15
•Describes theories related to normal cognitive development in adolescence.
Chapter 16
•Discusses sexual orientation in adolescence.
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Chapter 17
•Describes typical physical growth
and development during emerging
adulthood.
•Discusses role of organ reserve,
homeostatis, and allostatis in
maintaining health.
•Discusses reproduction, which during
emerging adulthood is at its most
successful, and birth control. Also
discusses sexually transmitted infections.
•Discusses increasing risk-taking
behaviors during emerging adulthood.
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Chapter 18
•Describes theories related to normal
cognitive development in emerging
adulthood.
Chapter 20
•Discusses senescence, which causes the universal slowdown of body systems
during adulthood: Appearance changes, the brain slows down, and vision and
hearing decline.
•Discusses fertility problems related to aging in adulthood, and covers
menopause and the decrease in hormone production in men.
•Describes the benefits of good health habits in adulthood, and describes the
impact of habits like smoking and alcohol use on adult health.
Chapter 21
•Describes theories related to normal cognition in adulthood, including the
development varied components of intelligence, and the concept of selective
gains and losses.
Chapter 23
•Describes gerontologists’ use of the terms young-old, old-old, and oldest-old
to describe health and well-being of individuals in late adulthood.
•Describes the normal progression of aging, including sensory losses and the use
of selective optimization with compensation to overcome or at least continue
to function despite those losses. Also describes key theories about the aging
process.
•Discusses common themes that emerge when looking at centenarians.
Chapter 24
•Describes how aging typically affects the brain.
•Discusses neurocognitive disorders (NCD) or dementia, and the mistaken
diagnosis of NCD.
NCLEX Category
Integrity
Textbook Content
Chapter 1
•Examines the nature-nurture debate, and suggests that the question “how
much?” rather than “which?” is more accurate when considering the influence
of both. Describes how we now know that all human characteristics are
epigenetic.
•Describes the Urie Bronfenbrenner’s ecological-systems approach, which
stresses the importance of considering people in all of the contexts and
overlapping systems that make up their lives. Explores the influence of contexts
including cohort and SES, and highlights Vygotsky’s work on culture’s
influence on development. Discusses the influence of, meaning, and limitations
of the terms “ethnic group” and “race.”
•Highlights multidisciplinary research on depression.
Chapter 3
•Explores complex relationship between genotype and phenotype through the
lens of alcoholism and nearsightedness.
Chapter 4
•Discusses the importance of the new family in a baby’s life, exploring topics
including paternal support, postpartum despression, and kangaroo care.
Chapter 5
•Discusses the benefits of breast-feeding and details significance of nutrition in
the first two years of life.
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Standard 3: Psychosocial
Chapter 7
•Describes social development in first two years, including emotions and the
development of social bonds. Presents theories of attachment, the importance
of play, and the impact of nonmaternal care in the early years of a child’s life.
Chapter 8
•Describes the impact of culture, SES, and family customs on children’s growth
and development.
•Discusses child maltreatment and physical abuse and neglect.
•Discusses the importance of good nutrition – and the prevalence lack of it – in
early childhood, and reviews significance of good oral hygiene.
Chapter 10
•Discusses the importance of play and the development that occurs from social
bonds. Explores different caregiving styles, and reviews moral development in
early childhood.
Chapter 11
•Discusses the various learning and social supports needed for children with
special needs, including children with ADHD and autism spectrum disorder.
Chapter 13
•Explores the role of family function and
family structure in middle childhood
development. Also stresses the increasing
importance of the peer group at this
stage, and the implications of bullying for
children.
Chapter 15
•Discusses increasing incidence of
psychological disorders during emerging
adulthood, including mood and anxiety
disorders and schizophrenia.
Chapter 16
•Discusses significance of relationships with
parents and peers during adolescence.
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•Discusses drug use and abuse in adolescence.
Chapter 19
•Discusses the significance of intimacy—including friendships and romantic
partners—and family relationships during emerging adulthood.
•Describes domestic abuse and intimate terrorism.
Chapter 20
•Discusses the impact of SES on aging and health.
Chapter 21
•Discusses the life stressors that can increase allostic load and reduce health in
adulthood.
•Explores various methods of coping with stress, including religious coping and
emotion-focused coping.
Chapter 22
•Discusses the importance of the feeling of generativity in adulthood, which
can be achieved through caregiving, social bonds, and employment.
• Describes the role of intimacy in adulthood, exploring connections with family,
friends, and romantic partners.
Chapter 23
•Discusses the role of prejudices like ageism and elderspeak in late adulthood.
Chapter 25
•Describes social forces that impact aging in the latest years of life, and describes
the significance of activities like employment, volunteer work, religious
activity, and other elements of community engagement. Also discusses the
importance of spouses, children, grandchildren, and friends.
EPILOGUE
•Discusses the emotional experience of death and dying. Explores rituals and
beliefs around death and dying in various cultures and across time.
NCLEX Category
Integrity
Textbook Content
Chapter 3
•Discusses some of the benefits and challenges associated with pregnancy
through assisted reproductive technology.
Chapter 4
•Discusses medical interventions used during birth.
•Discusses prevention of, care for, and outcomes of low-birthweight babies.
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Standard 4: Physiological
•Discusses birth complications that can arise.
•Discusses teratogens that should be avoided during pregnancy.
Chapter 20
•Discusses assisted reproductive technology used in overcoming fertility.
•Discusses methods of measuring and describing health; reviews terms of
mortality, morbidity, disability, and vitality, and also quality-adjusted life years
(QALYs) and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs).
Chapter 25
•Discusses the help that the elderly may need with ADLs and IADLs.
•Discusses caregiving choices and resources for the frail elderly, as well as where
people age, including nursing homes, assisted living facilities, and home.
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EPILOGUE
•Discusses palliative care, hospice care, and the drugs used to reduce pain in the
terminally ill.
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