ADVANCE IN THE RA-10 REACTOR PROJECT

ADVANCE IN THE RA-10 REACTOR
PROJECT
H. Blaumann, A. Vertullo
Nuclear Engineering Department
National Atomic Energy Commission
Argentina
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Contents
 Background
 Design features
 Siting and Licensing
 Project execution
 Project schedule
 Conclusions
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Present Nuclear Facilities
Reactor
Type
Location
Main Application
RA-0
RA-1 critical facility
Córdoba
University
RA-4
Siemens SUR 100 critical
facility
Rosario
University
RA-1
UO2-graphite fuel rods,
water cooled and
moderated, tank reactor,
40 kW
Buenos Aires
/CNEA
RA-6
MTR, pool type, 1 MW
Bariloche/CNEA Teaching/BNCT/NAA
RA-3
MTR, pool type, 10 MW
Buenos
Aires/CNEA
RI production
Atucha I
PHWR
Lima/NASA
357 Mwe
CNE
CANDU
Embalse/NASA
648 Mwe
Human resources for
nuclear industry
Promote nuclear
energy applications
Long term material
irradiations, nuclear
instrumentation testing,
training
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Current Nuclear Projects
NPP
TYPE
POWER
Atucha II
PHWR
745 MWe
CNE+
life extension and power
upgrade
656 MWe
CAREM 25
prototype for an Argentinean
PWR reactor
25 MWe
RA-10
multipurpose RR
30 MW
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Argentinian Research Reactors
REACTOR
POWER
LOCATION
CRITICALITY
RA-6
500 kW
Argentina
1982
RP-10
10 MW
Perú
1988
NUR
1 MW
Algeria
1989
ETRR-2
22 MW
Egipt
1997
OPAL
20 MW
Australia
2007
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Why the RA-10 Project?
 To provide a replacement for the RA-3 reactor (1967)
 To increase the RI production in order to support the local and
regional future demand
 2500 Ci/w molybdenum-99
 to increase the production of lutecium-177 and iridium-192 and to try the
generation of new RI such us bismut-213
 together with the Brazilian RMB, it will play a key role in LA self sufficient
supply of RI providing a mutual natural back up
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Why the RA-10 Project?
 To consolidate the national capabilities related to nuclear fuel
production
 to implement facilities for testing the development of new fuel
elements including miniplates, MTR and NPP fuel elements.
 to implement facilities for materials testing, focused on radiation
damage and corrosion evaluation
 To offer the scientific and technological system new
capabilities based on neutron techniques
 to develop thermal and cold neutrons facilities for the application of
neutronic techniques to nuclear technology, material science and
biology.
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Design Goals and Project Main Guidelines
 A multipurpose facility suitable for RI production, material
and fuel irradiation, neutron techniques applications and
silicon doping production.
 Based on LEU fuel elements
 Based on Argentinian Safety Regulations and IAEA
Standards
 Systematic approach to Safety Management (following
IAEA NS-R-4, 2005)
 Dynamic interaction between Design and Safety
Analysis
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Design objectives: RI production
Application Spectrum
Flux
Mo-99
Thermal
1.0-1.5
x1014
Ir-192
(Industrial)/
ORI
Thermal
1.0-1.5
x1014
Ir-192
(medicinal)/
Lu-177
Thermal
>1,8 x1014
Irradiation
conditions
Section Length Positions
5.2cm
(diam.)
30cm
* 10
positions
(up to 8
miniplates
each one)
* 2-3 cycles
5.2cm
(diam.)
12cm
4
* 2-3 cycles
5.2cm
(diam.)
12cm
4
*
Continuous
loading
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Design objectives: materials irradiation
Application
Spectrum
Flux
Structural
materials
irradiation
Fast
>3 x1014
(E>1
MeV)
MTR
miniplates
and fuel
elements
irradiations
Thermal
>1 x1014
Reactor
1x1013
(máx)
NPP vessel
material
Irradiation
Section Length Positions
conditions
Rig
Rig
5cm
(diam.)
12cm
2
8x8 cm
65cm
2
5cm
(diam.)
12cm
2
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Design objectives: NPP fuel irradiation
Application
NPP fuel
elements
irradiation
Spectrum
Flux
PWR
1-1.3 x1014
(base
mode)
up to
2.5 x1014
(power
ramp
mode)
Irradiation
Section Length Positions
Conditions
* Loop
10cm
(diam.)
40cm
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
1
Design objectives: NPP fuel irradiation
Burnup build-up
tests
Transient tests
• base irradiation at
constant power
• power ramp with slope
10-50 W/cm min
• 1 to 3 fuel rods
• 1 fuel rod
• up to 500 W/cm
• 300 to 600 W/cm
• up to 60000
Mwd/tonU
• up to 10% enrichment
• 3 FPY
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Design objectives: neutron beams
Application Spectrum
Flux
Irradiation
conditions
Section Positions
Cold
source
Thermal
Cold
beams
E< 0.01
eV
>109 (neutron
hall)
in-pile guide
2
Cold
beams
E< 0.01
eV
>4 109
(reactor face)
in-pile guide
2
Thermal
beams
>109 (neutron
E<0.1 eV
hall)
in-pile guide
2
Thermal
beams
>1010
E<0.1 eV
(reactor face)
in-pile guide
1
D2, cryogenic
power < 5 kW
18 lts
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
1
Design objectives: other facilities
Application
NTD
Spectrum
Thermal
Long and short
Thermal+
residence time
Epithermal
irradiation
Flux
Irradiation
Conditions
Section
(Ø, cm)
1 x10134x1013
With rotator
and flux
flatter
devices
15.24(2) /
20.32(2) /
25.4(1)
60
5
Pneumatic
Transport
system
≈3
≈ 10
14
2 x1014
Length
Positions
(cm)
Under water NR
Thermal
> 1 x108
L/D>150
15
-
1
Surveillance
programme
Reactor
Maximum
flux
capsule
≈5
12
3
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
General Characteristics
 Open pool type
 30 MW power
 Low enrichment MTR fuel elements
 D2O reflector
 H2O moderator – coolant
 Upward coolant direction
 2 independent shutdown systems: hafnium plates and
D2O reflector tank emptying
 29.5 days continuous operation cycle
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Reactor Core
Thermal Flux
Irradiation Facilities
Control
Rods
Fuel Elements
Fast Flux
Irradiation Facilities
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Irradiation Facilities
Ir-192 MED/ Lu-177
(up to 4 positions)
Mo-99
(10 positions)
Ir-192 IND/ ORI
(up to 4 positions)
LOOP
PNEUMATIC DEVICE
(7 X 2 positions)
NTD
(5 positions)
European Research Reactor Conference
Ljubljana, Eslovenia – 30th March – 3rd April, 2014
RA-10 Siting: Centro Atómico Ezeiza
 RA-3 Reactor
 Radioisotopes
production
 NPP Fuel
Elements
production
 PIE facilities
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
RA-10 Siting: Centro Atómico Ezeiza
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
RA-10 Reactor Building
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Licensing Plan: I-Construction License
To arrange a set of presentation to the Regulatory Body
according to the development of the engineering
To agree about the scope and contents of the Preliminary
Safety Report
To promote an ordered and efficient process for the
Preliminary Safety Report reviewing
Construction License obtained on last October
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Project execution
Funds provided by the government
Project team (40) + CNEA personnel (150)
Agreement with INVAP for the development of basic and
detailed engineering
Siting studies and Licensing conducted by CNEA
Civil work contracted in the frame of a bidding process
Contract with INVAP for “Supply, assembly and
preoperational test”
Operators training provided CNEA (simulator)
Commisioning executed by CNEA
To promote future users developed by CNEA
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Project schedule
RA-10 PROJECT TIMELINE
mar-12
Environmental
Management
Plan
oct-14
Construction
License
sep-13
PSAR
Now
mar-16
Operators
Training
dic-18
Commissioning
License
jul-19
Operating
License
Licensing
Milestones
2011
2012
2013
oct-12
BE. Critical
Design
Review
2011
jul-13
End Basic Eng.
2012
2013
2015
2016
nov-14
Obtainment of
Certificate of
Environmental
Suitability
oct-14
End EIA
(Presentation
to OPDS)
2010
Engineering
And
Construction
Milestones
2014
sep-14
U235
Bidding process
Start
2014
2015
2017
2018
2019
2019
mar-15
Radiological
Baseline
Start
oct-19
Delivery
For
Operation
Now
2016
2017
2018
2019
2010
2019
dic-11
Basic
Engineering
(BE)
jun-10
Conceptual
Engineering
jul-13
Detail
Engineering
mar-12
BE Preliminar
Design
Review
feb-16
dic-14
Bidding porcess
For
Civil Work
jun-15
Civil Work
Start
Installation
Start
feb-19
Commissioning
Página 1
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Related projects
New Fission Products Plant (moli production)
New Research Reactors Fue Elements Production Plant
RA-10 Neutron Beam Project
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
RA-10 Reactor Installations
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Conclusion
Basic Design has been completed, mostly under a contract
with INVAP S. E.
Detailed Design is being developed in the frame of a new
contract with INVAP S. E.
The Preliminary Safety Report has been accepted by the
Regulatory Body and the Construction License has been
obtained on last October.
The Environmental Assessment Study has been finished
Technical specification for civil work has been completed
Bidding process has just been opened.
The construction is expected to be initiated by June 2014.
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Thank you for your attention !!!
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Reactor Pool
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Reactor and Service Pool
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Reflector Tank
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Reflector Tank
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
In-core facilities performance
Irradiation
Position
Central
Adjacent
Thermal
Flux
1.4x1014
3.0x1014
Epithermal
Flux
4.4x1014
1.7x1014
Fast
Flux
5.1x1014
1.3x1014
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Radioisotopes performance
RI facility
Target
geometry
Irradiation
period
Final
Activity
Mo99
LEU
miniplates
5 days
4000 Ci*
Ir 192
(med)
Wires
1 cycle
34400 Ci
Lu 177
Cans
1 cycle
1700 Ci/g
Ir 192
(ind)
Foils
1 cycle
12600 Ci
(*) 6 days Curies
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Neutron Beams Performance
BEAM
TYPE
Thermal
POSITION
NEUTRON
FLUX
(n/cm2/sec)
neutron beams hall (50 m from
reactor core)
2.5 x109
reactor face
Cold
neutron beams hall (50 m from
cold source)
reactor face
(Required: 1x109 )
2.9 x1010
(Required:1x1010)
5.4 x109
(Required:1x109)
1.4 x1010
(Required:4x109)
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
Neutron Beams Performance
BEAM TYPE
TG1, TG2
POSITION
neutron beams hall
(50 mts from reactor core)
Thermal
TG3
CG1, CG2
CG3
3 x109
(1x109 )
reactor face
3 x1010
(1 x1010)
neutron beams hall
6 x109
(1 x109)
(50 mts from cold source)
Cold
NEUTRON
FLUX
(n/cm2/sec)
reactor face
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
6 x109
(4x109)
Fuel Irradiation LOOP performance
3 rods
(base mode)
1 rod
(ramp mode)
Total power (kW)
51.2
21.4
Average lineal
power (W/cm)
426.7
535
IGORR 2014
S. C. de Bariloche, Argentina – 17 th Nov. – 21st Nov, 2014
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