HYBRID CLOUD A Real World Outlook On Why And How

HYBRID CLOUD
A Real World Outlook On Why And How
CloudStack Collaboration Conference, Europe 2014
Me
Thomas Orozco
Product Manager @ Scalr
WHAT’S SCALR?
Why Talk About Hybrid Cloud?
Open-source Enterprise
Cloud Management
Platform.
All our enterprise
customers run on hybrid
cloud.
(CloudStack + AWS at
Samsung, OpenStack +
AWS at Expedia, NASA)
And you
Who are you?
What do you do?
Image Credit: Bybzee from the Noun Project
WHAT’S “HYBRID CLOUD”?
Image Credit: PhotoAtelier (Flickr)
DEFINE: HYBRID CLOUD
A system with components deployed
across multiple cloud platforms is said
to be using hybrid cloud.
Oftentimes, it’s one public cloud and one
private cloud (but this actually has
limited implications).
Image Credit: greeblie (Flickr)
WHAT “SYSTEM”?
Challenges and success strategies largely
depend on what you are looking at
App
Organization
At the app level, “operating on a hybrid
At the organizational level, “operating a
cloud” means you have interdependent
hybrid cloud” means you have some
services that make up your app
resources, possibly independent,
distributed across clouds.
distributed across clouds.
Image Credit: Dane Hetteix, Auda Samora from the Noun Project
TIME FOR STATISTICS!
Adoption exists both at the organization and app level
25%
23%
25% of enterprises will be
deploying IT workloads
and applications in a
hybrid cloud setup by 2015.
23% think that hybrid
cloud is the best execution
venue for cloud-native
apps (i.e. greenfield).
Private: 11%, Public: 66%.
Source: Forrester Research, “Cloud Wave 6” Study, 2014
43%
43% think that hybrid
cloud is the best
execution venue for ebusiness applications.
Private: 18%, Public: 39%.
WHY USE HYBRID CLOUD?
More reasons than you can think of! The same apply at both levels
COST OPTIMIZATION
CUSTOM SKUS
PERFORMANCE
Deploy ephemeral apps (e.g.
ad campaigns) and risky
ventures to a public cloud. Deploy workloads that require
unusual CPU / RAM / Disk
ratios to a private cloud with
custom SKUs.
Achieve greater performance
by deploying to a private
cloud (e.g. smaller DC implies
lower latencies, and using
bare metal cloud is an option).
Deploy long term workloads to
a private cloud.
Or, “buy the base and rent the
spike.”
Deploy more typical
workloads to a public cloud.
FAILOVER, DR, BACKUPS
LEGACY SYSTEMS
VENDOR LEVERAGE
Host failover resources and
data backups in a separate
cloud for redundancy and
possibly cost reduction.
Deploy backend resources
that integrate with legacy onpremises systems in a private
cloud (latency compliance).
Deploy frontend resources in
a public cloud.
Get a better deal with your
public cloud provider by
having an alternative.
COMPLIANCE
AND MORE!
Deploy regulated workloads
and store regulated data in a
gold-plated secure private
cloud, use public cloud for the
rest.
There are literally innumerable
use cases for hybrid cloud.
IN A WORD: ALIGNMENT
Hybrid cloud means you deploy
workloads to the cloud that is the
best suited to fit their requirements.
Key considerations often revolve
around SLAs and value / cost ratios.
Image Credit: Sabine Wollender from the Noun Project
SUCCESS STRATEGIES AT THE
APP LEVEL
Image Credit: Ched Cheddles (Flickr)
USE CASE
What are we talking about here?
“Hybrid cloud? Everyone
was talking about it, but
no one was really doing it.”
One application, multiple tiers distributed
across different clouds.
Mark Williams, CTO of Redapt,
formerly at Zynga where he built zCloud
3 Key Success Strategies:
• Understand infrastructure differences
• Be mindful of leaky abstractions
• Avoid vendor lock-in
Image Credit: Auda Samora, Callum Egan from the Noun Project
INFRASTRUCTURE
“I’ll just use libcloud”
Abstraction libraries like libcloud or
fog resolve syntactic API
incompatibilities.
But don’t miss the forest for the
trees! Semantic incompatibilities
matter the most. Account for them!
E.g. provisioning times can vary
across clouds, so scaling parameters
that work well on one cloud may not
be appropriate for another one.
Image Credit: Edward Boatman, Richard de Vos from the Noun Project
“APIs are tiny windows
into massive, complicated
systems”
Randy Bias, CTO of CloudScaling,
built Korea Telecom’s uCloud
ABSTRACTIONS
“I’ll just use Docker” (or Chef, or Salt, etc.)
Solutions like Docker or Chef let you
greatly simplify application deployments
and operations, but they are leaky
abstractions.
E.g. latency across clouds can be quite
high. Latency within a public cloud may
already be too high for your workload.
Test it!
Backend latency can quickly slow a
typical Django / Rails app to a crawl.
Don’t forget bandwidth costs, too.
Image Credit: André Raphael, Richard de Vos, Icomatic from the Noun Project, Michael Wyszomierski (Flickr)
LOCK-IN
“I wish I hadn’t used DynamoDB”
Managed services are the bread and
butter of cloud lock-in (e.g. DynamoDB,
SQS…)
Consider relying on trusted OSS
software instead if you intend to use
hybrid cloud (e.g. Redis, RabbitMQ)
Image Credit: Marwa Boukarim from the Noun Project,
Vinoth Chandar (Flickr)
SUCCESS STRATEGIES AT THE
ORGANIZATION LEVEL
Image Credit: Ched Cheddles (Flickr)
USE CASE
What are we talking about here?
Entire organization. Numerous
independent apps deployed across
multiple clouds.
3 Key Success Strategies:
• Define cloud for your organization
• Enable users to transition across clouds
• Encourage them with the right incentives
Image Credit: Dane Hetteix, Callum Egan from the Noun Project
DEFINE
What cloud? Cloud-native, or just cloud?
Cloud can have many meanings, but to
freely distribute across clouds, your
organization must agree on one.
Different clouds encourage different
architectures (e.g. cloud-native “cattle
vs pets”, traditional “scale-up”).
The “big public clouds” are “elastic”,
or “scale-out” clouds.
Image Credit: Martin Delin, Icomatic from the Noun Project
Users of CloudStack should
be especially careful.
CloudStack accommodates
scale-up workloads
differently than most cloud
platforms.
ENABLE
Support end-users that want to migrate from a cloud to
another
Most organisations start on a
public cloud and migrate back to a
private cloud later on.
End users expect a solid
experience that matches what
public clouds offer.
In private cloud,
CloudStack “just works”
Image Credit: Simple Icons, Apache Software Foundation
ENCOURAGE
Provide the right incentives for users to place their workloads
where you want them to
To achieve organizational hybrid cloud
objectives (e.g. a cost reduction), end
users are the ones that must migrate.
Chargeback is an efficient way to
incentivize users to move to the cloud
where your costs are the lowest.
But private clouds can also typically
achieve greater performance than
public clouds.
Image Credit: TukTuk Design, hunotika from the Noun Project
Zynga was able to cut
cloud costs by 2/3 by
moving to zCloud.
Studios started moving
when staying on AWS
would negatively affect
their P&L.
QUESTIONS?
[email protected]
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