Data Workbench Release Notes

SIR MARK SYKES
GB165-0275
Reference code: GB165-0275
Title: Sir Mark Sykes Collection
Name of creator: Sykes, Sir Mark, 6th Baronet (1879-1919)
Dates of creation of material: 1915-1919
Level of description: Fonds
Extent: 2 boxes
Biographical history: Sykes, Sir Mark, 6th Baronet (1879-1919)
Born 16 March 1879, only son of Sir Tatton Sykes, 5th Bt. and Lady Sykes (née Jessica
Cavendish-Bentinck). Educated Beaumont; École des Jésuites, Monaco; Institut St. Louis,
Brussels; Jesus College, Cambridge. Served South Africa, 1902; Hon. Captain in the
Army, 1902; Captain 3rd Battalion Yorkshire Regt., 1908; Lt-Col 1911; Member North
Riding Territorial Force Association; County Councillor East Riding Yorks; contested
Buckrose division of East Riding, Jan & Dec. 1910; MP (Unionist) Central Hull 1911;
traveller and diplomat in the Middle East. Married, 1903, Edith Gorst: 3 sons; 3 daughters.
Died 16 February 1919.
Scope and content: Photocopies and microfilms of documents 1-130 from Section 11 of
the Sledmere Papers, including material on the Arab Revolt, 1915-16, the Sykes-Picot
Agreement, 1916-17, the liberation of Baghdad 1917, agreements on Asia Minor, Zionism
and Palestine settlements, 1917-19.
System of arrangement: Chronological
Access conditions: Open
Language of material: English, French
Physical Condition: Some fading on the photocopies
Conditions governing reproduction: Copies can be made for private study and noncommercial research; permission to quote from the Sledmere Papers should be sought from
Sir Tatton Sykes.
Custodial History: In the possession of Sir Mark Sykes and the Sykes family
Immediate source of acquisition: Copies deposited with the agreement of Sir Richard
Sykes, 7th Baronet, May 1963
1
©Middle East Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. OX2 6JF
SIR MARK SYKES
GB165-0275
Location of originals: Brynmor Jones Library, University of Hull, Cottingham Road, Hull
HU6 7RX
Finding aids: In Guide; Handlist
Related Units of Description:
In Other Repositories
¾ Hull University, Brynmor Jones Library Correspondence and papers 1882-1919.
Reference: DDSY. NRA 12356 Sykes
¾ Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University
Archives Correspondence with Lord Hardinge 1915-1916. Reference: Hardinge.
NRA 3853 Hardinge
¾ Somerset Archive and Record Service Correspondence with Aubrey Herbert 19131919. Reference DD/HER 1-92. NRA 28627 Herbert.
¾ National Archives of Scotland Correspondence with Philip Kerr 1917-1919.
Reference: GD40. NRA 10737 Kerr
¾ The National Archives: Public Record Office Misc correspondence 1918.
Reference FO800. NRA 23627 Foreign Office
Archivist’s note: Fonds level description created by C. Brown 20 January 2000 and
revised by D. Usher 24 February 2004, 4 July 2007.
2
©Middle East Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. OX2 6JF
SIR MARK SYKES
GB165-0275
ITEM LEVEL DESCRIPTION OF THE SIR MARK SYKES COLLECTION
1915
1
Note by the India Office on Arabia
25 Apr 1915
2
Arrangement concluded in 1914 between the Ottoman Government 30 Apr 1915
and the powers in regard to the administration of the Armenian
vilayets
3
Note by Sir Mark Sykes on the proposed maintenance of a Turkish 3 May 1915
Empire in Asia without spheres of influence
4
Note on the Khalifate (by Lieutenant – Colonel Sir Mark Sykes)
25 May 1915
5
Nos droits en Syrie et en Palestine par Etienne Flandin, Senateur 5 June 1915
(Extrait de la Revue Hebdomadaire publiée à Paris)
6
Memorandum by Sir Valentine Chirol (Enclosure in Sir Mark Sykes’ 7 July 1915
despatch no 9 of July 7)
7
No 16 [?Sykes] pleads transfer coordination from Bombay to G.O.C. 23 July 1915
Egypt
8
Letter to ‘My dear Bob’ Lord R. Cecil (Private) on same subject
4 Oct 1915
9
Memorandum on Indian Muslims
11 Oct 1915
10
Letter from Sykes to D.M.O., London
15 Nov 1915
Sykes sends at the same time a memo dated 28 Oct of his impressions
received on various points as the result of his tour of the Eastern
theatre
11
Letter from G.F. Clayton (Intelligence Department War Office, Cairo) 13 Dec 1915
to Sykes with the following annexes:
Clayton’s letter to Parker dated 10 Dec 1915 with Clayton’s view on
Forward policy (now too late) and the Near Eastern Bureau
Clayton already started the nucleus of a Near Eastern office
12
Evidence of Sykes on the Arab Question in a meeting of the War 16 Dec 1915
Committee
13
Notes of Sykes for id (or for his memo?)
3
16 Dec 1915
©Middle East Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. OX2 6JF
SIR MARK SYKES
GB165-0275
1916
14
Report by Sykes (Political)
5 June 1916
15
Id. (military)
13 June 1916
16
The Problem of the Near East by Sykes
20 June 1916
17
The Sheriff of Mecca and the Arab Movement
1 July 1916
18
Letter to Chamberlain
not dated
19
Evidence of Sykes on the political side of the Arab situation in a 6 July 1916
meeting of the War Committee
Sykes pleads for: Stronger action in Egypt, independent from India
and ‘we should show ourselves as pro-Arabs’
20
Draft telegram to Egypt re policy to be followed
? 6 July 1916
21
Set – up Arab Bulletin(?) by Colonel Davies, War Office
31 July 1916
22
Letter from Sykes(?)to D.M.O. (cooperation of Turkish-Arab soldiers 8 Aug 1916
in Syria will probably be important)
23
Letter from Austin Chamberlain to Colonel Sir Mark Sykes including 17 Aug 1916
sharp answer by Sykes on Meston’s pro-India preference
24
Summary of the Arab Situation
30 Aug 1916
25
Copies of letters regarding Talib from India
15 Sept 1916
26
Sykes on the military – political assets of the Allies in the rebellious 4 Oct 1916
elements which at present exist in Syria
27
Sykes to Lord Hardinge, Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
15 Oct 1916
28
Memorandum by Sykes on the Ottoman Empire composed under the 25 Oct ?1915
supervision of the India Office by request of the Prime Minister
29
Robertson on despatch of an expeditionary force to Rabegh 13 Nov 1916
(Robertson is against, Sykes is for)
30
Correspondence re Talib, forwarded to Sykes by Kisch
13 Nov 1916
31
The condemnation of France in Tunis by an Arab sheikh
not dated
Copies of letters and telegrams sent from London to Egypt re Mission
Jan-Mar 1917
1917
32
A. Sykes to D.M.O. re interview with Picot re political questions in 12 Jan 1917
connection with Spring offensive Sinai front
B. Sykes to Sir Reginald with instructions for preparation political 22 Feb 1917
4
©Middle East Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. OX2 6JF
SIR MARK SYKES
GB165-0275
advance and instructions for Sir Reginald Wingate
C. Sykes to Georges Picot re interview with Sokolow and small maps
28 Feb 1917
D. Sykes to Sir Reginald following up letter B
6 Mar 1917
E. Sykes to General Lyndon Bell, Cairo
26 Mar 1917
F. Sykes to Clayton with copy of letter E
26 Mar 1917
33
Correspondence re Egyptians in Switzerland
18 Jan 1917
34
Letter from Trumpeldor to Sykes
15 Feb 1917
35
Renseignements Généraux sur les Communautés Orientales non- 27 Feb 1917
musulmanes
36
Military Bulletin re Arab operations near Wejh
not dated
37
Memorandum by Sykes on Mr Austin Chamberlain’s Amendment of 10 Mar 1917
the Proposed Proclamation to the people of Baghdad
38
Miscellaneous correspondence Feb-May 17 including letter (March 18 Mar 1917
18) from Philip Graves (then in G.H.Q.) to Sykes
39
Letter from Greenberg to Sykes with a report of Mr Lucien Wolf’s 21 Mar 1917
address on the Jewish National Movement
40
Papers brought out from England (Instructions for Chief Political April 1917
Officer etc.)
A. Notes of a conference to consider the instructions to Lieutenant- 3 Apr 1917
Colonel Sir Mark Sykes, the Head of the political mission to the
General Officer Commander-in-Chief, Egyptian Expeditionary Force
B. Correspondence of 1916 re Sykes-Picot Agreement
17 Apr 1917
C. Status and Functions of Chief Political Officer and French
Commissioner
D. Draft instructions to Chief Political Officer attached to General 17 Apr 1917
Officer Commanding, Egypt
41
Telegrams from Sykes to Foreign Office
6 Apr – 31
May 1917
42
Private letters from Sykes
7 Apr – 13
May 1917
43
Letter from Hushky Welsh to Sykes re French claim to Palestine affair
17 Apr 1917
44
Letter from R. Graham to Sykes re French claim to Palestine affair
19 Apr 1917
45
Letter from Commander in Chief East Indies & Egypt
not dated
5
©Middle East Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. OX2 6JF
SIR MARK SYKES
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46
Dossier Sykes re Arab Legion
28 Apr 1917
47
Letter from Ormsby Gore to Sykes
8 May 1917
48
Report from (?) re visits to Mesopotamia
10 May 1917
49
Letter from J. de Salis (Rome) to ‘My dear Drummond’ re Sokolow’s 11 May 1917
visit to Rome
50
Statement of policy in regard to the Arab Question (by G.F. Clayton)
14 May 1917
51
Military report from Clayton re Feisal’s plans and needs
29 May 1917
52
Observations (of Sykes?) on Arabian Policy as result of visit to Red 5 June 1917
Sea ports Jeddah, Yembo, Wejh, Kamaran and Aden with
recommendations, document dated 17 May 1917
53
Telegram from Wingate (Ramleh) re B. Sykes’ ‘Observations and 10 June 1917
Recommendations on Arabian Policy’ (which he will show you). (see
box 1 doc 44)
54
Telegram from Wingate (Alexandria) re Arab Legion (no dual, Anglo- 10 June 1917
French, control)
55
Report from Ormsby Gore on his interview with Malcolm and 10 June 1917
Weizmann re peace with Turkey
56
Report from Sykes on the Arab Situation (Arab Legion under Anglo- 17 June 1917
French auspices)
57
Letter from Foreign Office to Sykes
27 June 1917
58
Copy of letter from Horace Rumbold (Berne) and enclosure
30 June 1917
59
Proposals for an Offensive for the purpose of breaking the Baghdad 2-3 July 1917
Railway and the Palestine Railway
60
Official account of conference Italian Ambassador with Lord Robert 3 July 1917
Cecil re Italy’s aspirations in Asia Minor
61
Telegram from Wingate re extension zone B and therefore alteration 3 July 1917
of Sykes- Picot agreement
62
Memo by Roy Glen on British policy in the Near East
6 July 1917
63
Military Report from Clayton re Feisal’s plans i.e. in the direction of 10 July 1917
Tadmor (French zone of influence)
64
Observations by Sykes on negative comment by consul-general in 11 July 1917
Tripoli (North Africa) re Arab revival (cultural)
65
Military Report from Clayton re report from Lawrence on his recent 15 July 1917
6
©Middle East Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. OX2 6JF
SIR MARK SYKES
GB165-0275
journey in Eastern Syria
66
Memorandum by Sir Mark Sykes on Mr Nicholson’s Note regarding 18 July 1917
our Commitments
67
Letter from French (?) to Sykes re Parodi
20 July 1917
68
Letter from Sykes to Sir Eric Drummond re Postponement of Decision 20 July 1917
re Arab Legion to Paris Conference
69
Letter from Sykes to Clayton re General Situation
22 July 1917
70
Letter from Sykes to Clayton re Arab – Jewish – Armenian 22 July 1917
combination
71
Letter from Sykes to Lord Robert Cecil re Mallet’s Memo on separate 29 July 1917
peace with Turkey
72
73
Note by (?) (an official on official paper) on separate peace with ?end
July
Turkey
1917
Mesopotamia Administration Committee
30 July 1917
Memo by Suleiman Bey Nasif referred to in General Clayton’s letter
of July 30th 1917
74
Letter from Albina to Sykes enclosed in General Clayton’s letter of 31 July 1917
July 30th 1917
75
Memorandum by Sykes on the Asia-Minor agreement
14 Aug 1917
76
Letter from Sykes to Montagu re his task in India
14 Aug 1917
77
Letter from Clayton to Sykes re Arab Legion, Jewish Question, 20 Aug 1917
Pickthall
Annexes: 1. Report of lecture by Pickthall 13 July 1917
2. Letter from Albina of 10 Aug 1917 re a.o. Palestine and
the Jews
3. The Arab Question: Some remarks on Suleiman Nasif’s
report
4. Translation of article by Baron H. von Richthofen
78
Four Manuscripts by Sykes on the Arab Question:
?17 Sept 1917
1. The Arab National Movement
2. The Arabian Peninsula
3. Mesopotamia
4. Syria (proper)
7
©Middle East Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. OX2 6JF
SIR MARK SYKES
GB165-0275
79
Letter from Clayton (Cairo) to Sykes
20 Sept 1917
80
Note by Sykes on Palestine and Zionism
21 Sept 1917
81
Letter from Weizman on id.
22 Sept 1917
82
Memo by Sykes from Mr Barnes, on the Anglo-French agreement in 25 Sept 1917
regard to the Arab States
83
Draft letter from Sykes to Clayton with proposed address to 5 Oct 1917
recalcitrant officers of the Arab Legion
84
Letter from Clayton to Sykes explaining why he did not make Sykes’ 18 Oct 1917
speech known to the Legion
85
Telegram from Sykes to Wingate
14 Nov 1917
86
Letter from Sykes to Clayton re necessity of the Arabs joining the 16 Nov 1917
combination with the Zionists and the Armenians with as annex:
Address to be given to the Arab Committee in Cairo
87
Telegram from Sykes to Wingate
26 Nov 1917
88
Telegram from Wingate with message from Sykes to Clayton
28 Nov 1917
89
Telegram from Wingate re Clayton’s message under No 1281
29 Nov 1917
90
Telegram from Wingate
30 Nov 1917
91
Telegram from Sykes to Wingate. Following for Clayton
11 Dec 1917
92
Telegram from Wingate. Following from Clayton
12 Dec 1917
93
Draft telegram from Sykes for Clayton
13 Dec 1917
94
Telegram from Wingate to Sir R. Graham
14 Dec 1917
95
Letter from Clayton (Cairo to Sykes., forwarded by Balfour to Lord 15 Dec 1917
Bertie on Dec 22). Also telegram
96
Telegram from Wingate. Following from Clayton
20 Dec 1917
97
Telegram from Wingate. Following from Clayton
22 Dec 1917
98
Telegram from Wingate. Following from Clayton
24 Dec 1917
99
Telegram from Wingate. Sir Percy Cox’s telegram
27 Dec 1917
100
Telegram from Wingate. My telegram No 1380
29 Dec 1917
101
Telegram from Wingate. My telegram No 1403
30 Dec 1917
102
Telegram from Lord Bertie (Paris)
30 Dec 1917
103
Telegram from Wingate. Following from Clayton
30 Dec 1917
104
Telegram from Wingate
31 Dec 1917
105
Telegram to Wingate. Following from Sykes to Clayton
31 Dec 1917
8
©Middle East Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. OX2 6JF
SIR MARK SYKES
GB165-0275
1918
106
Telegram from Wingate. Following from Clayton to Sykes
3 Jan 1918
107
Letter from (Billy) Ormsby Gore (Tel Aviv) to Sykes
9 Apr 1918
108
Letter from (Billy) Ormsby Gore (Jaffa) to Sykes
16 Apr 1918
109
Letter from Clayton to Sykes
18 Apr 1918
110
Letter from Sykes to ‘My dear Billy’
24 May 1918
111
Palestine, organ of the British Palestine Committee Vol III no 20
22 June 1918
112
Letter from Ronald Storrs to Sykes
17 July 1918
113
Weekly Summary of the Political Intelligence Officer (Jerusalem)
24-30
June
1918
114
Weekly Summary of the Political Intelligence Officer (Jerusalem)
1-7 July 1918
115
Weekly Summary of the Political Intelligence Officer (Jerusalem)
12-18
Aug
1918
116
Weekly Summary of the Political Intelligence Officer (Jerusalem)
19-25
Aug
1918
117
Weekly Summary of the Political Intelligence Officer (Jerusalem)
26 Aug – 1
Sept 1918
118
Draft letter from Sykes to Prime Minister
2 Sept 1918
119
Uncorrected copy of article sent to Daily News
10 Sept 1918
120
Letter from Zionist Commission to Palestine (V. Jabotinsky) to Sykes
18 Nov 1918
121
Minutes of Meeting held at Headquarters Zionist Commission on Nov 18 Nov 1918
18th, signed by Eder
122
Appendix on Religious – Political Situation in the Sudan and East not dated
Africa
123
Letter from Eder to Sykes
19 Nov 1918
124
Memorandum compiled as a result of interviews with various not dated
Prisoners of War now in camp at Sumerpur
1915-1917
125
‘Les machinations allemandes en Perse et en Mésopotamie’ Journaux 11 Dec 1915
d’Italie. Report by Sir Mark Sykes
9
©Middle East Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. OX2 6JF
SIR MARK SYKES
GB165-0275
126
M. Paléologue to M. Sazonof
26 Apr 1916
M. Cambon to Sir Edward Grey
9 May 1916
Sir Edward Grey to M. Cambon
15 May 1916
M. Cambon to Sir Edward Grey
15 May 1916
M. Cambon to Sir Edward Grey
15 May 1916
Sir Edward Grey to M. Cambon
16 May 1916
Sir Edward Grey to Count Benckendorff
23 May 1916
M. Cambon to Viscount Grey
25 Aug 1916
M. Cambon to Viscount Grey
25 Aug 1916
Marquess of Crewe to M. Cambon
30 Aug 1916
Count Benckendorff to Vicount Grey
1 Sept 1916
Viscount Grey to Count Benckendorff
23 Oct 1916
Viscount Grey to Count Benckendorff
23 Oct 1916
127
Arab Bulletin No. 48
21 Apr 1917
128
‘Pour l’Union des Syriens dans leurs intérêts sociaux’. Abdallah Sfer 15 Feb 1914
(with Arabic copy)
129
3 maps of the Middle East
130
Notes of a conference held at 10 Downing Street to consider the 3 Apr 1917
instructions to Lt Col Sir Mark Sykes, the Head of the Political
Mission to the General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Egyptian
Expeditionary Force. (TS copy)
10 ©Middle East Centre, St Antony’s College, Oxford. OX2 6JF
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