A look back and staying ahead INSIDE Road Safety Regional Transit

October 2014 • Volume 55 No. 2
2014 Annual Meeting District 10/FSITE and South Florida WTS
A look back and staying ahead
November 5-7 • Boca Raton • Florida
Road Safety
Regional Transit
Sustainability & Livability
Freight Movement
Corridor Management
D10 / FSITE President’s Message.......................................................... 3
D10 Administrator’s Commentary....................................................... 4
Happy Birthday to the Traffic Signal.................................................... 5
TENC 111-02 Informational Report.................................................... 8
D10-ITE International Director Report............................................11
Candidates for Florida Section ITE Secretary..................................12
Florida at the Forefront of Automated Vehicle Movement...........14
FSITE and ITS - 2014 Summer Meeting Summary........................17
Thinking Multimodal II:
Cool Performance Measures with GIS..............................................20
Student and Local Chapter Updates..................................................22
Upcoming Meetings..............................................................................25
2014 Annual Meeting Agenda.............................................................26
President - Peter J. Yauch, P.E., PTOE
Albeck Gerken, Inc.
1911 North US 301, Suite 410, Tampa, FL 33619
Phone: (813) 319-3790 • Fax: (813) 426-3948 • E-mail: [email protected]
Vice President & Program Chairperson - Andrew D. Velasquez, P.E., PTOE
Turnpike Enterprise
P.O. Box 9828, Ft. Lauderdale, FL 33310
Phone: (954) 934-1161 • Fax: (954) 934-1383 • E-mail: [email protected]
Treasurer & Membership Chairperson - Oliver R. Rodrigues, P.E., PTOE
Florida Transportation Engineering
8750 NW 36th Street, #670, Miami, FL 33178
Phone: (305) 463-8411 • E-mail: [email protected]
Secretary & FLITE Editor - Sage Kamiya, P.E., PTOE
Local Chapters
Big Bend Florida Chapter - Dave Bright, President
Retired • 1907 Hidden Valley Road, Tallahassee, FL 32308-4508
Phone: (850) 877-6007 • Email: [email protected]
Central Florida Chapter - Thomas Hiles, P.E. - President
HDR Orlando • 315 E Robinson Street; Suite 400 • Orlando, FL 32801-1949
Phone: (407) 420-4200 • E-mail: [email protected]
First Coast Chapter - Rajesh K. Chindalur, P.E., PTOE - President
King Engineering •6500 Bowden Road, Suite 230, Jacksonville, FL 32216
Phone: (904) 636-6755 x220 • E-mail: [email protected]
Gold Coast Chapter - Karl B. Peterson, P.E. - President
Jacobs •800 Fairway Drive, Suite 190 •Deerfield Beach, FL 33441
Phone: (954) 246-1232 • E-mail: [email protected]
Manatee County Public Works
1022 26th Avenue East, Bradenton, FL 34208
Phone: (941) 708-7407 • E-mail: [email protected]
Panhandle Chapter – Keith Bryant, P.E., PTOE – President
District 10 International Director - Rosana Correa, P.E., PTOE
Southwest Florida Chapter - Stephen M. Jansen, P.E., PTOE
Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
800 Fairway Drive, Suite 190, Deerfield Beach, FL 33441
Phone: (954) 246-1410 • E-mail: [email protected]
Past President & District Director - Edward J. Kant, P.E.
Edward J. Kant, P.E.
1910 Mission Drive, Naples, FL 34109
Phone: (239) 290-2891 • Fax: (866) 812-9439 • E-mail: [email protected]
Florida Section Representative to District 10 - Matthew G. Wey, P.E.,
HDR Engineering, Inc.
5426 Bay Center Drive, Suite 400, Tampa, FL 33609-3444
Phone: (813) 282-2456
Associated Business Division Representative - Connie Braithwaite
P.O. Box 550897, Jacksonville, FL 32255
Phone: (727) 400-6146 • Fax: (904) 212-1320 • E-mail: [email protected]
Florida Planning Council (FLPLAN)
Chair - Patricia Tice, P.E., AICP
606 Courtlea Cove Avenue, Winter Garden, FL 34787
Phone: (407) 877-3524 • Fax: (407) 877-3524 • E-mail: [email protected]
Florida Urban Traffic Engineer’s Council
(FLUTEC) Chair - Benton Bonney, P.E.
Bay County Traffic Engineering • 840 West 11th Street, Panama City, FL 32401
Phone: (850) 248-8741 Email: [email protected]
Lee County DOT, Traffic Section • 1500 Monroe Street, Fort Myers, FL 33901
Phone: (239) 533-8503 • E-mail: [email protected]
Tampa Bay Chapter - Erbie Garrett - President
Garrett Engineering Group, Inc. • 120 10th Avenue North, St. Petersburg, FL 33701
Phone: (727) 289-9018 •E-mail: [email protected]
Treasure Coast Chapter - Shaun G. MacKenzie, P.E. - President
MacKenzie Engineering and Planning, Inc.
10795 SW Civic Lane, Port St. Lucie, FL 34987
Phone: (772) 345-1948 • E-mail: [email protected]
District 10 Student Chapters
Florida A&M / Florida State University
Faculty Advisor: Ren Moses, P.E., Ph.D.
FAMU-FSU College of Engineering - Dept. of Civil & Environmental Engineering
2525 Pottsdamer Street, Room 129, Tallahassee, FL 32310-6046
Florida Atlantic University - Faculty Advisor: Evangelos I. Kaisar, Ph.D.
Florida Atlantic University, Dept. of Civil, Environmental and Geomatics Engineering
777 Glades Rd. Bldg. # 36 Rm. 214, Boca Raton, FL 33431
Florida International University
Faculty Advisor: Mohammad Hadi, P.E., Ph.D.
Florida International University , Civil and Environmental Engineering Department
University Park Campus, EAS 3865, Miami, FL 33199
City of Orlando
City Hall, 8th Floor, 400 South Orange Avenue, Orlando, FL 32802
Phone: (407) 246-3626 • Fax: (407) 246-3383 • E-mail: [email protected]
University of Central Florida
Faculty Advisor: Haitham M. Al-Deek, P.E., Ph.D.
District Administrator – Angela M. Garland, P.E., PTOE
University of Central Florida
Civil and Environmental Engineering Department
P.O. Box 162450, Orlando, FL 32816-2450
GTS Engineering
11523 Palmbrush Trail, Suite 317, Bradenton, FL 34202
Phone: (941) 322-2815 • E-mail: [email protected]
University of Florida - Faculty Advisor: Dr. Siva Srinivasan
University of Florida - Department of Civil and Coastal Engineering
365 Weil Hall, Box 116580, Gainesville, FL 32611
University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez Campus
Faculty Advisor: Didier Valdez, Ph.D.
University of Puerto Rico-Mayaguez
P.O. Box 9000, Mayagüez, PR 00681-9000
University of South Florida
Faculty Advisor: Pei-Sung Lin, P.E., Ph.D., PTOE
University of South Florida - Center for Urban Transportation Research
4202 East Fowler Avenue, CUT 100, Tampa, FL 33620-5375
2 • FLITE - October 2014
D10 / FSITE President’s Message
By Pete Yauch, P.E., PTOE, District 10 Chair / Florida Section ITE President
Summer is winding down and we’re headed into the home stretch for 2014!
We had a great meeting in Clearwater at the end of June; we partnered with ITS Florida which really helped to boost our attendance
to a new high for recent years. We had an excellent technical program and were located at a great venue right on the beach. A
big thanks to the Local Arrangements Committee and to our Board members for making this happen!
Congratulations to the ITE Student Chapter at the University of Florida! They were victorious at our District competition in
Clearwater, and went on to represent us at the Institute’s Annual Meeting in Seattle in early August. Unfortunately, they were not
able to repeat their winning performance of last year, but I’m sure that they enjoyed the meeting and the opportunity to participate
in the activities.
Our next Florida meeting will be our Annual FSITE / District Ten meeting, which will be held November 5th through 7th, 2014, in
Boca Raton. We’ll be at the Embassy Suites Resort, and this will be a joint meeting with the South Florida Chapter of WTS. Our
theme is “Moving People and Goods: A Look Back and Staying Ahead”. We have full information and links for registering at our
website, www.floridasectionite.org/meeting.html. Please check it out!
There has been a lot of activity at the International level; I’m sure Rosana will have more detailed information in her article
elsewhere in this edition of FLITE. The Institute’s Board has been working hard to address the changing role of the Institute in
today’s profession. A new dues structure for public agency members, a reconfiguration of the Institute’s technical conference,
and a makeover of ITE Journal are just three of the big steps of the past year.
One of the big events in Seattle was the graduation of the first class of LeadershipITE. This program has been extremely successful;
the class’s activities have been very productive for both participants and the Institute as a whole. If you’re interested, check out
LeadershipITE at www.ite.org/leadership/ .
Our election for District Ten / Florida Section Secretary / FLITE Editor is ongoing; ballots are included with the distribution of this
edition of FLITE. We have two great candidates…please check them out and be sure to vote!
Speaking of FLITE, please take the opportunity to check out all the articles in this edition; there is some great information here!
Thanks to all that contributed!
Have a great fall, and we’ll see you in Boca!
Pete Yauch, PE
President, District 10 / Florida Section ITE
FLITE is the official publication of the Florida Section Institute of Transportation Engineers. FLITE is published 2 times annually. Opinions
expressed herein do not necessarily reflect official Institute or FSITE policy unless so stated. Publication of technical articles or business cards
does not constitute official endorsement of products or services. Address changes should be directed to Oliver Rodriquez, P.E., PTOE • Florida
Transportation Engineering • 8750 NW 36th Street, #670 • Miami, FL 33178. Articles and information to be published in FLITE should be sent to Sage
Kamiya, P.E., PTOE, Manatee County Public Works • 1022 26th Avenue East, Bradenton • FL 34208 • E-mail: [email protected]
FLITE - October 2014 • 3
District 10 Administrator’s Commentary
“Alone we can do so little; together we can do so much”
- Helen Keller
Angela M. Garland, P.E., PTOE
GTS Engineering – Bradenton, Florida
Greetings fellow Members & Affiliates,
Each year around this time the District 10 Board begins to plan for next year’s leadership, events, budgets and
numerous other items that keep our organization running smoothly. It takes a team of leaders to make it all work
smoothly. I want to take this time to thank the leadership team for their hard work and efforts over the past year.
Peter J. Yauch, P.E., PTOE has not only been the President once, but twice! He also previously served as
International Director. Talk about going above and beyond for this organization! Andrew D. Velasquez, P.E.,
PTOE, our Vice-President, not only fulfilled his Program Chair duties this past year but stepped up last year and
performed many of those same duties when our VP was unable to fill the role. Sage Kamiya, P.E., PTOE, has
consistently created a top notch FLITE magazine and kept the Board straight with his Secretarial minutes. In Oliver
R. Rodrigues, P.E., PTOE’s first year on the board he has quickly and efficiently stepped in to the roll of Treasurer.
Past President Edward J. Kant, P.E. has shown his unwavering support of FSITE as he has been committed to
his tasks even in his semi-retirement and worldly travels!
I would also like to acknowledge Matthew G. Wey, P.E., PTOE in his role as FSITE Representative to District 10;
Connie Braithwaite our Associated Business Division Representative; Benton Bonney, P.E as FLUTEC Chairman;
and Patricia Tice, P.E., AICP the FLPLAN Chairman.
Our District 10 International Director, Rosana Correa, P.E., PTOE, has been very instrumental in the success of
our Puerto Rico section and has kept the Board informed about ITE headquarters activities.
Our Puerto Rico Section has grown from 36 members in 2010 to over 70 members in 2014. This was made possible
by the tenacity of the Puerto Rico Section leadership through quality meetings, functions and outings. Special
appreciation for this year’s leadership team: President Vanessa Amado, PhD, PE; Vice President Miguel H.
Pellot-Altieri, PE; Treasurer Miguel A. Vescovacci P.E., P.T.P., P.T.O.E., M.S.T.; Secretary Kathleen Díaz, PE;
and Past President Francisco Martínez, PE.
Thank you for your leadership and outstanding teamwork over this past year!
“No man will make a great leader who wants to do it all himself or get all the credit for doing it.”
—Andrew Carnegie
Hope to see you at the Annual Meeting.
District 10 Administrator
FSITE Past President 2009
4 • FLITE - October 2014
Happy Birthday to the
Traffic Signal
Pete Yauch, P.E., PTOE
The History Channel recently noted the 100th anniversary of the electric traffic signal, which
was installed on August 5, 1914, at the intersection of Euclid Avenue and East 105th Street
in Cleveland, Ohio. Based on a design by James Hoge, who received a patent for the device,
it consisted of a red indication on the near side and a green indication on the far side of the
street, for each of the four approaches of the intersection. It was controlled by a manually
operated switch located in a small control booth, and was wired so that conflicting signals
were impossible. When the signals changed, a bell sounded to alert motorists to the change
in displays. In addition, a switch in a nearby firehouse allowed the signal to provide an all red
indication to allow fire vehicles to go by. In their newsletter, the Cleveland Automobile Club
described the signal as being “…destined to revolutionize the handling of traffic in congested
city streets and should be seriously considered by traffic committees for general adoption.”
continued on page 6
FLITE - October 2014 • 5
Intelligent Transportation Systems –
Fifty Years Ago?
continued from page 5
The History Channel recently noted the 100th anniversary of
the electric traffic signal, which was installed on August 5, 1914,
at the intersection of Euclid Avenue and East 105th Street in
Cleveland, Ohio. Based on a design by James Hoge, who
received a patent for the device, it consisted of a red indication
on the near side and a green indication on the far side of the
street, for each of the four approaches of the intersection. It was
controlled by a manually operated switch located in a small control
booth, and was wired so that conflicting signals were impossible.
When the signals changed, a bell sounded to alert motorists to
the change in displays. In addition, a switch in a nearby firehouse
allowed the signal to provide an all red indication to allow fire
vehicles to go by. In their newsletter, the Cleveland Automobile
Club described the signal as being “…destined to revolutionize
the handling of traffic in congested city streets and should be
seriously considered by traffic committees for general adoption.”
Traffic signals evolved over many years, and the Cleveland
installation was only one milestone in getting to the signals we
know today.
The world’s first traffic signal using colored lights was installed in
December, 1868, at the intersection of George and Bridge Streets
in London, England, near the Houses of Parliament. It was a
modified from a railroad signal design, and had semaphore arms
that, when extended horizontally meant Stop, and when lowered
to a 45 degree angle, meant Caution. At night, a gas light on top
illuminated red lenses for the Stop condition and green lenses
for the Caution positon.
Unfortunately, this first signal resulted in the tragic death of a
police officer, when, as he was attempting to light the gas lamps,
set off an explosion in the hollow semaphore support pole.
However, the device had proven its value in controlling traffic,
and those with improved designs were used throughout London.
In the United States, early twentieth century police officers
manually directed traffic while standing in the middle of the
intersections; they were later provided with rotating semaphores,
some of which were illuminated at night with kerosene lamps.
A challenger to Cleveland’s claim of the first electric traffic signal
is Salt Lake City. A Salt Lake police officer, Lester Wire, developed
a wooden box with openings on all four sides for red and green
colored lamps. It was hung over the middle of the intersection,
and manually operated by a police officer. A side note – when
the signal was taken out of service, it was used as a birdhouse
in a local park for many years.
continued on page 7
6 • FLITE - October 2014
Traffic signals evolved
over many years, and the
Cleveland installation was
only one milestone in getting
to the signals we know today.
In the United States, early twentieth century police officers
manually directed traffic while standing in the middle of the
intersections; they were later provided with rotating semaphores,
some of which were illuminated at night with kerosene lamps.
Intelligent Transportation Systems – Fifty Years Ago?
continued from page 6
Inventor Garrett Morgan is also billed as an inventor of the traffic signal. He patented a
semaphore based design; its innovation and contribution to the traffic signal as we know
it was the change interval; his semaphore design included a stage which indicated the
signal was changing from the Go to the Stop condition. Ninety-one years later, we still
don’t have consensus on how to time that interval!
In 1922, the Crouse Hinds Company, in Syracuse, New York, manufactured the first “modern”
traffic signal; a four-way, three section cast aluminum signal that was the first to have been
designed specifically for traffic control purposes. Prior signals had been adapted from
railroad or other lighting fixtures.
ITE documented the history of the traffic signal, as well as other traffic control devices,
in a book entitled “Traffic Devices: Historical Aspects Thereof”. It was written by ITE’s
Committee on Development of Historical Traffic Control Devices and published by ITE in
1971. Unfortunately, it has since become out of print.
It is interesting to note that a past chairman of that committee, and a key contributor to the
development of the book, was Edward A. Mueller, a founder of the Florida Section, and past
Secretary of the Florida Department of Transportation, who passed away earlier this year.
Editor’s Note…
One of the most visible benefits of membership in FSITE is our
publications, most notably FLITE. It is distributed via the website
AND the U.S. Postal Service. This will ensure that we are reaching
a larger audience. The FSITE listserv will distribute an e-mail with
a link to the newsletter to all of those who are signed up on the
listserv (whether they are members or not). There is no cost to
join the FSITE listserv, and your e-mail information will not be
shared with anyone. To subscribe, go to http://eepurl.com/iwipo.
That’s all there is to it! If you have any problems, contact the FSITE
Webmaster at [email protected]
All technical articles published in FLITE will be eligible for the
“Best Technical Article” for the calendar year. So please submit
your articles. The requirements for submittal are:
• Must be submitted electronically via email to: Sage Kamiya
at [email protected];
• Must be in Microsoft Word format (.doc), Text only (.txt) or
Rich Text (.rtf); and
• Graphics may be included in the text file but must ALSO
be submitted separately as JPEG, TIFF, EPS, PDF, or PSD
files at 300 dpi resolution.
FLITE magazine is published twice a year with distribution
1-3 weeks prior to our meetings. Watch the website for
article submission deadlines.
FLITE - October 2014 • 7
Sight Triangle and Corner Clearance
Policies at Intersections and Driveways
TENC 111- 02 Informational Report
Corresponding Author:
Paul Villaluz, P.E., PTOE (M), Chairman of TENC 111-02.
Project Engineer II, Manatee County Public Works
Erik Zandvliet, TE (M), Willdan Engineering (California)
Kalyan (KC) Yellapu, P.E., TE, PTOE (M), Linscott, Law & Greenspan Engineers (California)
Brian Dempsey, P.E., PTOE (F), TRC Solutions, Inc. (New York)
Sage Kamiya, P.E., PTOE (F), Manatee County Public Works (Bradenton, Florida)
Nate Piotrowski, AICP, Village of Brown Deer Community Services (Wisconsin)
Christopher Prisk, P.E., PTOE (M), L.R. Kimball (Pennsylvania)
Problem Statement
There are many points of conflict at roadway intersections
between conflicting traffic maneuvers. Adequate vehicular sight
visibility is a key component to providing safe interactions of these
conflicting traffic movements. To that end, engineers, planners,
designers, attorneys, and government administrators have created
municipal codes, state highway guidelines, and engineering
manuals in order to address intersection corner visibility issues.
Sight distance calculation methods are contained in “A Policy
on Geometric Design of Streets and Highways”, published by
the American Association of State Highway and Transportation
Officials (AASHTO). This policy is commonly known as the
AASHTO Green Book. Local, county, and state governments do
not consistently apply the methods described in the AASHTO
Green Book in their codes.
This document explores the history of corner visibility guidelines,
compiles and compares the intersection corner visibility policies
and practices in place in the United States and in certain foreign
countries, and addresses whether policy consistency on the
topic exists.
Stopping Sight Distance (SSD) is defined as the distance
needed for a driver to perceive and react to a discernible hazard
and then brake to a stop before reaching the hazard.
Intersection Sight Distance (ISD) is defined as the distance
needed for a driver to safely cross or make a left or right turn from
an access point along the roadway.1 ISD plays an important role in
geometric highway design because it establishes an acceptable
design speed and intersection control based on the driver’s ability
to visually identify and stop for a particular unforeseen roadway
hazard or to proceed across the path of approaching traffic at
an access point along a roadway without being in conflict with
opposing traffic.
A Sight Distance Triangle is the three-sided shape formed by the
unobstructed view of the driver to an approaching vehicle and the
projected paths of the two simultaneously approaching vehicles.
There are two types of Sight Distance Triangles: approach
and departure sight triangles. This report generally refers to
departure sight triangles when the term “sight triangles” is used.
A departure sight triangle is the minimum sight distance
triangle needed for a driver departing from an access point
to cross safely through the intersection area without conflicting
with approaching vehicles. These triangles should be provided in
each quadrant of the intersection approach controlled by stop or
yield signs as well as at some signalized intersection approaches.
Notable terms are defined below.
Sight Distance is defined as the length of the unobstructed view
of a driver to a potential conflict in the roadway.
8 • FLITE - October 2014
continued on page 9
Figure 1.
Departure Triangle Exhibit
Source: AASHTO Green Book, 2011.
Figure 2.
Inappropriate Landscape
Figure 3.
Access Drive
Figure 4.
Source: AASHTO Green Book, 2011.
Source: AASHTO Green Book, 2011.
Source: AASHTO Green Book, 2011.
TENC 111-02 Informational Report
Safety Considerations
continued from page 8
Insufficient ISD seems to create crash potential at an intersection
by obstructing a driver’s ability to perceive sufficient gaps in the
conflicting traffic flow. Current research does not definitively link
insufficient ISD to increased crash potential. Studies conducted
by the Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) in 1981 concluded that
sight distance had no discernible effect on safety or operations.5
In 2002, the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) wrote that
“inadequate sight distance due to the use of short perceptionreaction time is unlikely to result in a collision where the roadway
volume is low with a very low volume entering, or crossing, the
roadway from an access connection.” 6 Further studies will have
to be done to measure the impact of the revision of the ISD
guidelines upon intersection safety.
Visual Obstructions
The potential for visual obstruction is high at the corners of
intersections where the proximity to private property is much
closer. Items can cluster at corners or extend from private property
to the point that they impact a driver’s ability to view approaching
vehicles. Typical obstructions include fire hydrants, utility poles,
fences and walls, signage, bus shelters, kiosks, benches, and
buildings. Landscaping, on-street parking and parked cars on
corner parking lots are also commonly found to reduce visibility.
Land Development Considerations
Sight visibility triangles at an intersection can potentially restrict the
amount of land that can be developed on a corner lot. Providing
ISD visibility triangles per AASHTO requirements influences the
cost and the right of way required to construct a project, especially
at intersections along curves and at intersections with rolling or
hilly terrain.2
Motorists who are affected by inadequate sight visibility
traditionally ask traffic engineers to lower the speed limit, install
advance warning signs on the major street, or install all-way stops/
traffic signals.3 These mitigation measures have proven to be
temporarily effective or not cost-efficient, implying that providing
adequate intersection sight visibility in the initial design of the
subdivision and/or intersection is the most effective solution.4
The Technical Council Committee conducted an in-depth listserv/
MuniCode search using “Sight Triangles”, “Corner Clearance”,
“Intersection Sight Distance”, and other associated terms. In
addition, committee members obtained municipal, local, and state
government codes, policies, guidelines and handbooks related
to intersection or driveway sight distance triangle regulations.
A random sample of 85 guidelines from this extensive body of
research (over 850 were collected) was summarized in a database
in order to identify recurring methods and requirements.
continued on page 10
FLITE - October 2014 • 9
TENC 111-02 Informational Report
continued from page 9
The Committee prepared a survey that was distributed to all
the members of the ITE Traffic Engineering and Public Agency
Councils that was based on the literature and code reviews. More
than 150 responses were received.
The survey asked the following questions:
1. Does your jurisdiction have established sight triangle and/
or corner clearance policies/standards at intersections?
• Crashes are not likely to trigger an ISD compliance
evaluation as much as a new development or citizen
• Potential projects to improve sight visibility include
change of traffic control and more frequent landscape
• Jurisdictions either require adjacent land owners to fund
sight visibility improvement projects or consider the project
as a public transportation project.
• Respondent agencies usually prohibit man-made and
natural obstructions to be erected, planted, or maintained
in a position that will obstruct or interfere with sight lines.
• Most jurisdictions have a formal design exception process.
2. Does your jurisdiction have established sight triangle and/
or corner clearance policies/standards at driveways?
• The posted speed limit is used to estimate the vehicle
approach speed for sight distance calculations.
3. Which department enforces intersection and driveway sight
distance policies or standards?
• Some jurisdictions do not require a licensed engineer to
certify conformance to sight distance requirements.
4. When do you evaluate intersection or driveway sight
distance conformance?
5. What type of projects does your jurisdiction consider to
mitigate poor ISD?
6. How do you fund projects to mitigate ISD issues?
7. How do you regulate intersection and/or driveway sight
8. Does your jurisdiction have a formal design exception
process if the required sight distance is not met?
9. How do you estimate the vehicle approach speed for sight
distance calculations?
10. Does your jurisdiction require a licensed engineer to certify
conformance to sight distance standards on construction
plans or as-builts?
Respondents were also invited to send additional information via
e-mail to the committee.
Summary of Findings
The responses to the survey are intended to serve as a quantitative
affirmation of the literature/code review.
Following is a summary of these responses:
• Despite AASHTO’s requirements, most jurisdictions have
ISD codes that are uniquely specific to them.
• Driveways/accesses are not necessarily treated similarly to
intersections as far as ISD codes are concerned.
• The Engineering Department often enforces ISD policies or
10 • FLITE - October 2014
Although a guideline from AASHTO exists for the provision of
sufficient ISD, many governments use specialized sight visibility
triangles at street corners, a strict version of the AASHTO guideline,
or a modification of the AASHTO guideline. An investigation of
ISD values, vehicle positions, criteria, and enforcement techniques
revealed few consistent trends.
The complete report is sold as an electronic publication (IR-138E),
Order your copy today from the ITE Bookstore at www.ite.org/
Mason, John M. (senior editor). Urban Street Geometric Design Handbook.
Washington, D.C., USA: ITE, 2008.
Bhesania, R.P.. “Changes in Intersection Sight Distance Standards and Their
Implications.” ITE Journal, Vol. 62, No. 8 (August 1992): 43.
Bhesania, R.P.. “The Need for Adequate Intersection Sight Distance in
Roadway Design.” ITE Journal, Vol. 58, No. 8 (August 1988): 43.
Bhesania, R.P.. “The Need for Adequate Intersection Sight Distance in
Roadway Design.” ITE Journal, Vol. 58, No. 8 (August 1988): 43.
Box, P.C.. “Warrants for Traffic Control Devices at Low-Volume Urban
Intersections.” ITE Journal, Vol. 65, No. 4 (April 1995): 34.
Stover, V.G. and F.J. Koepke. Transportation and Land Development.
Washington, D.C., USA: ITE, 2002.
ITE International
Director’s Report
September 2014
The International Board of Direction
met in Seattle, Washington on August
8-9, 2014 prior to the Annual Meeting
and Exhibit. The International Board of
Directors along with the ITE Executive
Board and ITE staff is working very
hard to keep providing valued service
to their members. A number of issues
were discussed at the meeting that are
of significant interest to ITE members.
• Starting in year 2015, there will be monthly payment
options for the Members to pay their dues.
• As I mentioned in the FLITE Spring edition, membership in
ITE Councils is free and open to any ITE member. You may
join as many ITE councils as you like by signing up in ITE
Community page.
• ITE staff is working on improving the searchable database
on ITE website.
• The ITE Board of Direction approved a new fees structure
for members under 30 years old. ITE recognize the
importance of keeping the young members involved and
is working with the newly established ITE Young Member
Committee on creating activities/programs to help with
that goal. As part of the Annual Meeting and Exhibit
registration package, reduced meeting registration fee was
offered for members under 35 years old and there was an
increase on the number of young members participating
at the Annual Meeting. The reduced fee registration for
members under 35 years old will continue in future ITE
meetings and conferences.
• There is a new public agency membership option. If your
agency is an existing ITE agency member or interested on
becoming a members, there are two options:
• The Traditional Dues Option that allows the public agency
to provide for individual memberships for a specific
number of professional staff members.
Florida District Director
Rosana Correa, P.E., PTOE
Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
800 Fairway Drive, Suite 190 • Deerfield Beach, FL 33441
(954) 246-1410 (Direct) •(954) 246-1235 (Fax)
[email protected]
• The New Flat Fee Dues Option that is designed to provide
individual memberships for an unlimited number of eligible
professional staff members of the agency. With this option,
your agency will have the flexibility to add and replace
members at any time – at no additional cost!
• For more information on the New Flat Fee Dues Option
visit http://www.ite.org/membership/index.asp.
As some of you know, ITE Executive Director and CEO Thomas W.
Brahms will retire at the end of year 2015 after leading ITE for more
than 40 years. ITE Executive Board will start looking for the new
Executive Director in January 2015 and that is not an easy task.
ITE International Board will be available to help in any way we can.
During the ITE Annual Meeting, we celebrated the graduation
of the first class of Leadership ITE. Leadership ITE is a program
to identify, develop, and engage leaders to ensure that ITE and
its members are positioned to engage and shape the future of
transportation. The Class of 2014 consisted of 30 of bright and
energetic transportation professionals. It was very exciting to
see them grow and work together
during the past year. And they are
committed to ITE and ready to help
the organization in any way they
can. For more information on
Leadership ITE, visit http://www.
The ITE International Board of
Direction will meet one more
time in November 2014. If
you have any question or
concern you want to bring
in front of the board or if I
can assist you in any way,
please don’t hesitate to
contact me directly!
I hope to see you at the
Florida Section Annual
Meeting in Boca Raton
November 8-10, 2014.
Rosana Correa,
FLITE - October 2014 • 11
Candidate for FSITE Secretary
Christopher Russo, PE
Senior Transportation Engineer
It is an extreme honor to be nominated as one of your 2015 FSITE Secretary candidates. I genuinely look forward
to the opportunity to serve the institute and our members. I have always lived by the motto that “any job worth
doing is worth doing right.” If elected I am committed to the time and effort required to serve on our board and
I am very fortunate to have the full support of my employer in this endeavor.
Like many of us I was first introduced to ITE through the student chapter at my alma mater. Soon after joining
the ITE chapter at the University of Central Florida in 2006 I quickly learned that ITE was serving more than just
free pizza. I learned that ITE was a community of transportation professionals who not only worked in the field
but had a passion for advancing it. I learned that ITE had members that represented a model for how I wanted to
model my own young career. I learned that ITE was a vehicle that advanced transportation industry awareness
and was a hub of expertise, knowledge and ideas. What I have grown to appreciate in my professional years of
being involved in both the local and statewide levels is that the qualities that make ITE special are only possible
through the volunteering efforts from our members.
Giving Back
Several years ago, while serving as the UCF student chapter president, I was awarded the Burton Marsh Fellowship
for Graduate research from ITE International. Upon receiving this generous fellowship I immediately made it a
goal to give back to the organization that supported my educational advancement. Last year I was approached
to serve as the Local Arrangements Committee Chair for the FSITE Annual Meeting held in Orlando. Right away
I knew this would be the opportunity I was looking for to begin giving back to ITE.
Leading a successful committee was only the beginning in what I hope to achieve though serving ITE in the
coming years. As a candidate my focus is to serve the Florida Section by providing an increased accessibility
for members to interact with the board and to uphold the responsibilities that come along with being an active
figure in our transportation industry. I ask that with your vote we can continue to build upon our membership,
promote our industry expertise, and, like my first interaction with ITE, be a positive and accessible influence in
the careers of young transportation professionals.
ITE has played a major role in my career and I contribute this interaction to the members and strong leadership
that have served before me. As I look to build upon this foundation of strong leadership, I would appreciate your
support, and more importantly, I ask that you please vote for the candidate of your personal choice.
ITE & Professional Participation Highlights
2013 FSITE Robert Hill Young Transportation Engineer of the Year
2013 FSITE Annual Meeting Local Arrangements Committee Chair
2012 ITE Central Florida Chapter Speaker
2012 ASCE Central Florida Chapter YMF Technical Committee Chair
2012 IBTTA Exhibit Demonstrator at Summit on All-Electronic Tolling, Atlanta, GA
2011 Toastmasters International, Local Club President
2008 ASCE Florida Graduate Student of the Year
2007 ITE Student Chapter President at UCF
2007 FSITE Annual Meeting Local Arrangements Volunteer
2007 ITE International Burton Marsh Graduate Fellowship Recipient
MSCE, University of Central Florida, 2008
BSCE, University of Central Florida, 2007
Please remember to Vote! Your voice counts!
12 • FLITE - October 2014
Candidate for
FSITE Secretary
Matthew weisman, P.E.
Hoffman, Weisman & Associates
Candidate statement
I am honored to be nominated for the 2015 FSITE Secretary candidacy. I first became a member of ITE my junior
year at the University of Florida. Since then I have attended numerous FSITE conferences and met the best
industry contacts. The knowledge I gained from ITE has been an invaluable asset for my success as a traffic
engineer in Florida.
My traffic engineering career started in 2003 when I interned with the Palm Beach County Traffic Engineering
Division. It was that summer I realized I wanted to be a traffic engineer. Four years later I graduated from
the University of Florida with a Bachelor’s Degree in Civil Engineering with a specialization in transportation
engineering. Also during that time, I obtained an internship with the City of Gainesville Traffic Operations Division.
Upon graduation, the City offered me a full time position as the ITS/Traffic Operations Engineer. Over the next
two years I completed my Masters in Civil Engineering also from the University of Florida.
I was hired by the City of Gainesville at a very fortunate time. The local governments and University of Florida
had just funded the traffic management system project with the Florida Department of Transportation providing a
matching grant. Being just out of college, I was able to apply newer technological ideas to the project. However,
most important was the help I received from all the numerous contacts I met from being a member of ITE. The
result was our award-winning state-of-the-art traffic management system!
Traffic Engineering is changing. We are all required to do a lot more with less. Transportation is finally becoming a
leading industry for this nation’s technology as we see more and more interest in both connected and automated
vehicles. As an FSITE Officer, I will make sure Florida remains at the forefront as we embark on this exciting
journey with new technologies such as of driverless cars and crash avoidance systems. Please help me take on
these challenges as your next Secretary/FLITE Editor for the District 10 Florida Section!
Recent Presentations
2014 The Future of Transportation Technology Panelist at 2014 TEAMFL
2013 IMSA Florida Seminar Presenter - Utilizing Wireless and Solar Power for ITS Deployments
2013 FCCMA - A Sustainable Alternative to Adding Highway Capacity
2012 Transpo Speaker - Alachua County I-75 interim ITS Project
2012 Transpo Speaker - Emergency Management and ITS
2011 FSITE Summer Meeting Speaker - Using Technology to Save Money and Advance Your Signal System
2010 Transpo Speaker - Being Proactive with Your Advanced Traffic Signal System
Recent Awards
2012 - Young Transportation Professional of the Year (FSITE)
2012 - Outstanding Achievement Award for the Gainesville Traffic Management Center (ITS FL)
2011 - Innovation Award - At Large (City of Gainesville)
2010 - Student of the Year (United States Department of Transportation - RITA)
BALLOTS FOR 2015 District 10 FSITE Officers were mailed directly to members. Ballots must be received by the Secretary
no later than October 31, 2014 or presented to the tellers, prior to noon, November 5, 2014, at the 2014 District 10 Annual
Meeting in Boca Raton at the Embassy Suites. Election results will be announced at the banquet, Thursday, November
6, 2014, and will be in the following issue of FLITE.
FLITE - October 2014 • 13
Florida at the Forefront
of Automated Vehicle Movement
Tanner Martin
The Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) is planning
for the deployment of autonomous and connected vehicle
technologies on public roadways with the establishment of the
Florida Automated Vehicles (FAV) initiative. The FAV initiative is
helping to create the framework for implementation by engaging
stakeholders, developing research and pilot projects, and creating
awareness of the technologies and how they support FDOT’s
vision statement. These revolutionary technologies will be able to
further FDOT’s vision statement; “serving the people of Florida by
delivering a transportation system that is fatality and congestion
free.” Automated vehicle technologies hold unprecedented
opportunities in helping to reduce congestion and improve safety.
Automated vehicle is an umbrella term that includes both
autonomous and connected vehicle technologies. An autonomous
vehicle (AV) is any vehicle equipped with advanced sensors
(radar, LIDAR, cameras, etc.) and computing abilities to perceive
its surroundings and activate steering, braking, and acceleration
without operator input. Connected vehicles (CV) employ vehicleto-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication
to provide real-time warnings to a human driver to help them
avoid crashes. Additional information can include traffic signal
status, traffic congestion and construction warnings, as well
as impending severe weather events. Both technologies can
improve safety and efficiency of our transportation system in
Florida since over 90% of traffic crashes are due to human error.
CV technologies can also allow back office systems such as
the traffic signal control system to react to real-time information
from the vehicle.
Annual Summits
The Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) organized
the first Florida Automated Vehicles Summit (FAV Summit),
co-organized by the Florida Institute of Consulting Engineers
(FICE), in Tampa in November of 2013. The University of
South Florida (USF) and the Tampa Hillsborough Expressway
Authority (THEA) also played significant roles by serving on
the organizing committee. Over 225 professionals (public and
private transportation planners and engineers, academia, elected
officials, and automotive industry representatives) assembled at
the Tampa Marriott Waterside Hotel to learn about the state of the
14 • FLITE - October 2014
industry and how Florida has started to address the challenges
and opportunities associated with these new technologies being
implemented on public roadways. The FDOT organized more
the 20 speakers to bring the audience up to speed on the latest
happenings and to begin to engage the planning and engineering
community within Florida.
The 2nd FAV Summit will take place at Walt Disney World (WDW) in
December (2014), and will again be organized by both FDOT and
FICE. The first day of the 2014 FAV Summit will occur at Coronado
Springs Resort to bring the attendees up to speed on the FDOT’s
FAV Initiative and to hear how the industry has progressed since
the first FAV Summit. The second day will take place at the
WDW Speedway complete with live vehicle demonstrations and
exhibitors showing off the latest technology. The planned activities
will allow for the opportunity to experience first-hand both AV and
CV technologies, how they work, and a greater understanding
of the planning and engineering challenges that lay ahead. For
registration information, please visit www.automatedFL.com.
The FAV Summits will be hosted annually to allow stakeholders
the opportunity to network and collaborate so that Florida can
be a leader in adopting these revolutionary technologies. Florida
leadership realized very early that these technologies hold vast
potential to increase safety and efficiency on public roads.
Research Projects
The FDOT has collaborated with Florida universities and
engineering consulting firms to gain a better understanding
of some of the implications associated with planning for and
integrating these technologies into Florida’s existing infrastructure.
As of July 2014, three research projects have been launched
to address policy implications, improved mobility for the
transportation disadvantaged and aging populations, and AV
applications for transit operations. The research will provide
recommendations that FDOT will take into consideration when
updating policies, engineering and design standards, and funding
The first research project, led by Dr. Siva Srinivasan at the
University of Florida, will address policy implications as it relates to
federal, state, and local transportation plans. A primary focus is to
continued on page 15
Florida at the Forefront of Automated Vehicle Movement
understand how Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) will
need to update long range transportation plans, traffic operation
considerations, and alternative land use scenarios.
The second research project, led by Dr. Jeff Brown at the Florida
State University, will explore how these technologies could
assist the transportation disadvantaged remain mobile even
as they age. Another primary focus is to understand potential
market acceptance and fleet saturation of automated vehicle
technologies, especially among the elderly and millennial
populations in Florida.
The third research project, led by Mr. Brian Pessaro at the
University of South Florida, will assess the viability of various transit
applications, particularly for Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) solutions.
Other research projects will be initiated as gaps in knowledge are
identified. The already identified research projects may also be
expanded based on input from the Florida Automated Vehicles
Stakeholder Working Groups.
Pilot Projects
As stated above, the FAV initiative includes deploying pilot projects
that help establish Florida as a leader in the automated vehicle
movement. One way that Florida can lead by example is to be
an early adopter of the technology itself. As of now, the only way
to cost effectively retrofit a vehicle with any level of autonomy
is to install sensors that alert the vehicle operator of potential
forward collisions, lane departure, pedestrian detection, and other
advanced warnings. This level of automation is defined as Level
0 by the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration
continued from page 14
(NHTSA), but serves as building blocks to allow for higher levels
of autonomy. Please read the NHTSA’s Preliminary Statement of
Policy Concerning Automated Vehicles (link here) to learn more
about the Levels of Automation (0-4).
FDOT Central Office and FDOT District 7 have collaborated to
kick off a pilot project that includes the installation of MobilEye’s
Advanced Driver Assistant System (ADAS) on approximately
50 vehicles in the Tampa Bay area. Study vehicles in this pilot
project include FDOT District 7 sedans and light trucks as well as
buses, vans, and sedans operated by Hillsborough Area Regional
Transit (HART), Tampa Bay Area Regional Transit Agency
(TBARTA), Pasco County Public Transportation (PCPT), and the
Pinellas Suncoast Transit Authority (PSTA). The MobilEye device
includes 1 forward looking camera and a LED display to provide
visual and audible warnings to the vehicle operator of eminent
forward collisions, lane departure alerts, and provides pedestrian/
bicycle detection. The MobilEye device does not utilize Global
Positioning System (GPS) technology and does not track vehicle
movement. A telematics system, provided by GeoTab, is installed
on each vehicle to measure the effectiveness of MobilEye’s safety
enhancements. In order to provide a benchmark for performance
measurement (comparative analysis), an additional 50 vehicles
received only installation of the GeoTab device.
The basis for this pilot project is to determine if the MobilEye
technology provides value in preventing avoidable traffic
accidents. If the warnings provided by the MobilEye devices allow
FDOT vehicle operators to prevent collisions, thereby reducing
costs associated with collisions, then ADAS systems may be
recommended for wide-scale adoption by FDOT.
continued on page 16
FLITE - October 2014 • 15
Florida at the Forefront of Automated Vehicle Movement
The goal of the second pilot project is to demonstrate that
automated vehicle technologies can offer increased safety and
efficiency for freight operations. To date, most pilot projects
involving automated vehicle technologies have been executed
in a controlled environment, and data from the few projects that
have occurred on public roadways are not available publicly.
By coordinating a pilot project centered on the collection of
quantifiable data for freight operations, FDOT will be able to
help advance the rate of adoption of AV technologies to further
enhance trade and commerce for Florida. This pilot project
is designed to deliver improved data and performance for all
stakeholders involved.
This pilot project will take place in Miami-Dade County and
will follow a 3-phased approach to measure, prioritize, and
automate portions of the perishable-goods delivery supply
chain. The perishable freight industry is a significant contributor
to the economy of Miami-Dade County. Drayage trips of
perishables from Miami International Airport (MIA) operate almost
continuously 365 days per year. Automated vehicle technologies
can enhance safety and improve efficiencies of the movement
of goods on these highly repetitious freight routes. The FDOT
proposes that travel time reliability can be improved within the
region surrounding the MIA by deploying AV technologies on a
limited number of drayage operators’ fleet vehicles that agree to
partner on the project.
In phase 1, CV technologies will be deployed to allow fleet
operators and FDOT to better understand vehicle progression
throughout delivery corridors and where bottlenecks occur at
traffic signals. Phase 2 will then utilize the same devices to
connect the freight vehicles to traffic signals through the back-end
systems at the Miami-Dade County Traffic Management Center.
During non-peak congestion hours (potentially 12:00am – 5:00am),
traffic signal priority could be granted to study vehicles in the pilot
to improve delivery performance by providing the freight vehicle
with a green signal. A preliminary analysis showed that a vehicle
leaving MIA, travelling along NW 25th St, with a destination at
1500 NW 70th Avenue, resulted in a total travel time of just over 30
minutes (2.5 miles). The same vehicle could make the same trip
in 8.5 minutes if given additional green time along this corridor.
Reduction in travel time directly results in better on-time delivery
performance, as well as savings in fuel use and greenhouse gas
emissions. Phase 3 will include the installation of AV technologies
that will reduce driver fatigue and improve safety by assisting the
operator with steering, acceleration, and braking controls. This
could potentially provide justification for policy changes that could
allow drivers to operate beyond the limitation of 11 driving hours per
day, or in the long-term remove the driver from repetitive drayage
movements altogether.
16 • FLITE - October 2014
continued from page 15
Stakeholder Working Groups
FDOT has organized Working Groups comprised of stakeholders
that may be impacted by and/or have an impact on the adoption
of automated vehicles in Florida. More than sixty individuals
representing state agencies, trade organizations, transportation
consultants, insurance providers, automobile manufacturers, and
others make up the 3 working groups (Policy, Transportation/
Infrastructure, and Modal Applications). Each working group
is tasked to identify challenges and opportunities associated
with these technologies on public roadways and to discuss
how the challenges could be mitigated and how to leverage the
opportunities. The overarching goal of these working groups is
to provide FDOT, and other state agencies, recommendations
on how to address potential policy adoption or amendments,
engineering and design standard changes, and infrastructure
investment priorities. For more information on these working
groups, please go to www.automatedFL.com.
Among the most complex issues regarding the deployment of
automated vehicle technologies include insurance and liability,
driver responsibility, the interaction between vehicle and operator,
vehicle ownership patterns, and how this will affect needs in
long-range transportation plans and other state and regional
plans. The socioeconomic impacts that these technologies could
potentially generate may significantly alter a very broad range of
industries, including (but not limited to); health care, automobile
manufacturers, auto collision repair centers, insurance providers,
public transportation operators, freight operators, shared mobility
providers, and transportation infrastructure providers. These very
issues are being explored by the appropriate entities within Florida
by participating in the Florida Automated Vehicle Stakeholder
Working Groups.
Public Outreach
A very important component of the FAV Initiatives is public
outreach and education. FDOT staff and their consultants have
traveled around the state to various planning and engineering
conferences and meetings to engage these entities that are
involved in providing transportation infrastructure. FDOT
understands that these professionals and organizations need
to be involved from the very beginning in order to proactively
prepare Florida for these emerging technologies. Education
and awareness of AV and CV technologies, beginning with the
planning and engineering community, is essential in order to begin
to address the questions and concerns that the general public
will (and should) generate.
Florida Summer Meeting Summary
Sheraton Sand Key Resort, Clearwater Beach
June 25 - 27, 2014
Submitted by Sage Kamiya, PE, PTOE Secretary/FLITE Editor
The 2014 Summer Meeting, Access
Florida 2014 was another great
success. We were privileged to partner
with ITS Florida for this summer’s
excellent program.
This year’s meeting started
off with the choice of two
well attended technical
tours. Ken Sides (City of
Clearwater) gave a tour
and discussion of the
SR60/Mandalay Avenue
Roundabout. Ken Jacobs
(Pinellas County) moderated
an informative tour of the Pinellas
County Traffic Management
Center and the Practitioners
Guide to Adaptive Signal Control.
FLITE - October 2014 • 17
FSITE and ITS Florida Summer Meeting
Summary continued from page 17
The 2014 Summer Meeting, Access Florida 2014 was another great success.
We were privileged to partner with ITS Florida for this summer’s excellent
This year’s meeting started off with the choice of two well attended technical
tours. Ken Sides (City of Clearwater) gave a tour and discussion of the SR60/
Mandalay Avenue Roundabout. Ken Jacobs (Pinellas County) moderated an
informative tour of the Pinellas County Traffic Management Center and the
Practitioners Guide to Adaptive Signal Control.
Thursday’s opening session began with Pete Yauch, FSITE President,
introduced the Florida Section Board and ITS Florida Board. Gregg Letts, ITS
Florida President, thanked the golf tournament sponsors for their support of
the scholarship fund. Andrew Velasquez, FSITE Vice President, thanked the
Local Arrangements Committee and meeting sponsors for their help in putting
together the meeting. Pete also introduced John Kennedy, ITE International
Vice President and Paula Benway and Ray Davis, Vice President Candidates.
George Cretekos, Mayor of Clearwater, provided the opening remarks. He
talked about the need for good traffic signal timing and spoke about the
Greenlight Pinellas referendum for improving transit throughout the county.
He also discussed the need to think of the future of transportation in Pinellas.
Plenary Session 1 – Adaptive Signal Control was moderated by David Hale
(University of Florida) with presentations by Charlie Wetzel (Seminole County),
Giri Jeedigunta (Palm Beach County), Ken Jacobs (Pinellas County) and
Hazem El-Assar (Orange County).
After a short networking break, Plenary Session 2 – Arterial Monitoring and
Performance was moderated by Andrew Velasquez, FSITE Vice President.
Presentations for this session were Arterial Management by LK Nandam
(FDOT District 1), Filling in the Data Gaps by Gene Glotzbach (FDOT Central
Office), and GDOT’s RTOP Program by Kenn Fink (Kimley Horn).
During lunch, John Kennedy, ITE Vice President, shared ITE’s focus on
membership, in particular, on younger members. He also shared that ITE
is partnering with Young Professionals in Transportation (YTP) to be the
organization after YTP. Both Vice Presidential candidates Paula Benway
and Ray Davis spoke briefly about the importance of voting for your ITE
Following lunch there was a Vendor Showcase. Connie Braithwaite and Ron
DeSimone presented Econolite’s new 2070 Rack Mount controller. Jeremy
Huffman presented Southern Manufacturing’s new ITS Commander with
Remote Management and Monitoring of ITS devices. Andrea Jones presented
Swarco’s Variable Message Signs. Bryan Kaeser presented FLIR’s Thermal
Detection Devices
continued on page 19
18 • FLITE - October 2014
FSITE and ITS Florida Summer Meeting
Summary continued from page 18
In the afternoon, the Florida Traffic Engineering Council (FLUTEC), chaired
by Benton Bonney (City of Orlando), received a brief update on the status
of the Traffic Information Program series (TIP) by Vishal Kakkad (Manatee
County) and a legislative summary from Fred Heery (FDOT Central Office).
Fred discussed several items including the proposed “road rage” bill, utility
relocation, tourist oriented directional signs, license plate readers, and the
proposed update to the traffic signal maintenance compensation agreement
which will include performance measure requirements.
During the Florida Planning Council (FLPLAN), chaired by Patricia Tice
(Crews, LLC) Dr. Pei Sung Lin (CUTR), Karen Seggerman (CUTR) and Dr.
Aldo Fabregas (FIT) gave a presentation on Trip Internalization in Multi-Use
The day concluded with the ITS Florida Board Meeting, a Tropical Reception,
and the ever popular ITE District 10 Collegiate Traffic Bowl. All of the
participants did an excellent job representing their schools; the University
of South Florida, Florida International University and University of Florida.
Congratulations to this year’s repeat winners representing the University
of Florida’s ITE Student Chapter! The team included Don Watson, Thomas
Chase, and Pruthvi Manjunatha.
Friday morning began with a delicious continental breakfast and the FSITE
Business Meeting with each of the officers sharing a brief report.
For the first set of sessions attendees had a choice of two sessions.
Technical Session 3a – Congestion Management Plans was moderated
by Oliver Rodrigues, FSITE Treasurer with presentations from Gena Torres
(Hillsborough MPO) on the Hillsborough County Lane Operations Study,
Praveen Pasumarthy (CDM Smith) on SIS Bottleneck Study, and Pete
Costello (INRIX) on Measuring Roadway Performance.
Technical Session 3b – Express Lane Operations and Incident Management
was moderated by John Easterling (Florida’s Turnpike) with presentations
on I-95 Express Lessons Learned by Greg Letts (AECOM), I-595 Incident
Response Features by Kelley Hall (FDOT District 4) and Operations and
Incident Management by John Easterling (Florida’s Turnpike).
The final session, Plenary Session 4 – Connected/Autonomous Vehicles
was moderated by Sage Kamiya (Manatee County) with presentations on
FDOT Automated Vehicles by Ed Hutchison (FDOT Central Office) and
Tanner Martin (Kimley Horn), Tampa Hillsborough Expressway Authority
to the Future by Bob Frey (THEA), and Connected Vehicle Application for
Public Transportation by Stephen Reich (CUTR)
Pete Yauch, FSITE President concluded the meeting by thanking everyone
for their attendance and reminding them of the ITS 3C Summit in Alabama
and the 2014 D10/FSITE Annual Meeting in Boca Raton in November.
FLITE - October 2014 • 19
Thinking Multimodal II:
Cool Performance Measures with GIS
Part 2 of an informal discussion about the changing mindsets
and toolsets required for multimodal planning and design.
Patricia C. Tice, PE, AICP, LEED AP
This article will provide some metrics to assess a
project from an adequate facilities standpoint across
several modes. First, though, the following are a few
basic multimodal concepts from Part 1.
• Modes must be considered independently. Just
because you have good street connectivity does not insure
that you have good walking connectivity or vice-versa. If
you can functionally use multiple modes on a trip, then
plan for it, but unless you have good plans for how those
modes interact, don’t assume they will.
• Each mode has its own scale. A walker won’t go far.
A biker might go a little farther. Children aren’t generally
allowed to go very far walking or on bike so parents may
not either. A transit rider can’t spend all day on the bus. A
driver probably shouldn’t be using their car to go 500 feet.
• The resolution of the network for each mode should
match its scale. If you are only going to walk within a ½
mile radius, a ¼ mile connection spacing doesn’t make
• An incomplete network is equivalent to no network. If
your network is 90% complete but you can’t get from here
to there, what’s the point?
• Modes may have a temporal factor. Florida is hot.
Miserably hot. Gross and sticky and sweaty hot. Without
shade, walking will be out of the question in the middle of
the day and probably other times of the day too. Similarly,
night is dark. Without lighting, the only people that will
be out are people you don’t want there, and night comes
during peak hours in the winter.
• Land use interaction is king. If there’s nowhere to go
within walking distance, then people won’t walk, and since
this is America, they may not bike either. If your transit
service doesn’t get you anywhere useful in a reasonable
amount of time (no more than double the car time),
ridership will plummet. A three hour single-way commute is
not practical.
• Boredom matters. This goes for all modes. Drivers get
frustrated at long lights. Walkers get irritated with long,
uninterrupted walls or fences. Transit riders like riding
more than waiting. I suppose biking is its own joy (or
terror) but otherwise, watch out for “dead air” because
people start to do unpredictable things when faced with
nothing better to do.
As far as multimodal measures go, realistic metrics are necessary.
They sell well to politicians, are easy to explain to lay people and
are easy to measure using standard GIS tools. Here are a few
preferred realistic metrics:
Intersection density: The number of intersections (by mode)
in a specific area. This one gets at the resolution of the network.
For instance:
This measure can even be refined to address the quality of the
intersections. Here’s a site that details the GIS calculation used for a
fairly sophisticated intersection density calculation: http://geodata.
Just for a sense of scale, Portland has an intersection density of
356 intersections per square mile while downtown Dallas has 186
intersections per square mile—which is still not that bad. After a
cursory review of the literature, it appears that anything less than
about 150 intersections per square mile is going to struggle with
alternate mode use. Above about 200 intersections per square
mile, other design issues may control. Note that a developer can
cheat at this measure by using frontage roads along the main
network and leaving large blocks in place but assuming that
the block sizes are fairly regular, intersection density is a good
starting tool.
Nearby Neighborhood Assets: A measure of the number of
complementary land uses that can be reached within a ¼ or ½
mile walk. This measure can be expanded to include those assets
continued on page 21
20 • FLITE - October 2014
Thinking Multimodal
continued from page 20
that can be reached within a single transit ride. The intuitive nature
of this measure makes it particularly appealing to public policy
makers and lay-people and would usually be applied to residential
projects. To assess this measure, a list of complementary uses
is created and the number of assets within a walk-shed or transit
shed is measured. LEED uses a list of about 30 land use types
that include uses like grocery stores, restaurants, community
centers, banks, laundromats, and schools. Sites that can access
a minimum number of complementary uses can be considered
well connected from a land use standpoint. The primary walkshed can be defined within GIS using a ¼ mile radius around
the site (assuming that the walk distance within that radius is
less than ½ mile). A secondary or transit shed can be defined
by using a ¼ mile radius around any transit stops on the lines
that cross through the primary walk-shed. In Central Florida, this
can become a fairly simple GIS exercise since the local property
appraiser has a GIS database of local businesses categorized
by their NAICS (Industry Classification) codes.
Employment Accessibility: The number of the region’s top
employers can be reached within a 45 minute transit ride. This
one also applies to residential projects and is surprisingly easy
to calculate. Even in areas where there is a dominant employer,
many of the top employers have multiple locations throughout the
region, like the local school district or large grocery store chains.
The jurisdiction creates a list of the top 10 employers within the
region. For each employer, Google Maps is used to calculate
the travel time by mode for the closest location at a specific time
of day—for instance, using an arrival time of 8:00 am. If people
who live in that area can reach a minimum number (maybe 7?) of
the major employers within the region, they are well connected.
Customer/Employee Accessibility: the number of potential
customers or employees that can reach a project within its modespecific travel sheds. In other words, this measure uses census
data to calculate how many people live within the travel shed of
your development that would match your target demographic for
customers or employees.
Percent of a complete network. The percentage of an area’s
final design network for a mode that is both currently complete
and can be accessed without interruption by a particular site. To
use this measure, a jurisdiction needs to create a plan for what
they consider to be a complete network for a mode, whether
it is pedestrian, bicycle or transit. Each project measures the
percentage of the network plan within the scale of each mode
that can currently be accessed by that project.
Mode Specific Connectivity Index. In the standard connectivity
index, the number of segments (roadways) is divided by the
number of nodes (intersections). To make this mode-specific, the
links or intersections that can’t provide service for that mode are
removed from the network entirely—because as far as that user
goes, they don’t exist. Very low volume streets (i.e. less than 250
vehicle trips per day) can be considered walkable and included
in a pedestrian connectivity index. Making this measure modespecific eliminates the tendency to over-estimate the ability for
non-passenger vehicle modes to navigate systems for which no
design treatment has been considered.
In summary, several of these measures can be generalized to
address entire areas with a bit of creativity. Using measures
that mean something to both the end-user and the policy-maker
increases our credibility and directly addresses the mobility
potential of our multi-modal areas.
FLITE - October 2014 • 21
student Chapter News
Florida International University
The Florida International University ITE student chapter has
successfully organized and participated in a variety of events
during this academic year, including our signature guest speaker
events, professional conferences, technical field trips, community
service projects, and other social activities. We have collaborated
with one international and five national institutions and research
centers thereby expanding our relations. The chapter hosted a
total of 24 distinguished professionals from both the academia
and the industry. To mention only a few, the list of guest speakers
included Dr. Michael P. Hunter, Director of Georgia Transportation
Institute/University Transportation Center (GTI/UTC); Dr. Robert
Bertini, P.E., Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental
Engineering, Portland State University; and Mr. Bill Hjelholt, Senior
Vice President, Americas Director, Freight Rail, AECOM.
the conference. Our chapter members attended in the UTC
Conference for the Southeastern Region in March, 2014 held in
Atlanta, Georgia with their works. We also attended the FSITE
Summer Meeting that took place in Clearwater, Florida in June,
2014 as the participant team in the Traffic Bowl Contest.
Our chapter stood as one of the five nationwide winners for the
proposal for 2014 ITE Trip Generation and Parking Data Collection
Project, therefore our chapter members conducted data collection
being involved in the filed survey. Our chapter hosted the Middle
School students’ field trip to Palm Transit authority in Palm Beach
County held in July 2014. Our chapter also helped establish the
Women’s Transportation Seminar (WTS) Student Chapter at FIU.
We have launched our new website ite.fiu.edu.
Every semester, we hosted presentations and lab tours for
undergraduate students at FIU to give them an overview of Traffic
and Transportation Engineering and to help them decide about
selecting their majors. Also, we have expanded our chapter’s
library collection with the financial help of FIU CSO, thus making
Highway Capacity Manual, Highway Safety Manual, Policy on
Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, Transportation
Planning Handbook and the Traffic Engineering Handbook
available to our chapter members.
We continued to encourage our members to attend professional
conferences and meetings. This year we broke last year’s record
with 25 members participating in the 93rd Annual Meeting of the
Transportation Research Board in Washington, D.C. in January
2014. Our Executive Board Members enjoyed the ITE Reception
held at the International ITE Headquarters. In addition, our
chapter member Hamidreza Asgari won the prestigious Best
Student Paper Award in
the ITE District 10 Annual
Meeting in November
2013. Our chapter member
and former president Mr.
Xuanwu Chen represented
our chapter presenting
at the ITE 2014 Technical
Conference and Exhibit in
March, 2014 held in Miami,
Florida. His presentation
was highly appreciated in
22 • FLITE - October 2014
We are very thankful to all the supporters who helped us achieve
advancements than ever before. With the new academic year
starting shortly, our chapter will strive continuously to be the best
student organization not only at Florida International University,
and also among all the ITE student chapters in the world.
Visit our website ite.fiu.edu
Follow us at facebook.com/FIUITE
Traffic Information Program Series
Ever wished that there was an easy to relay,
plain language, non-engineering way of
explaining the traffic engineering concepts to
the citizens or elected officials? This is your
chance to provide input in updating the TIPS
that will help with this.
Please contact Vishal S. Kakkad (vishal.
[email protected]) with your input.
student Chapter News
Local Chapter News
University of South Florida
Emerald Coast
This is our USF ITE
student chapter at
this year’s Traffic
Bowl event in
June. We were
able to get a team
of 3 students, Don
Skelton, Qing
Wang, and Casey
Jarrell, to participate in the competition along with several other
students to come and participate in the dinner and support the
team. This year we came in 3rd place overall and we have already
started discussing next year’s Traffic Bowl.
Emerald Coast held its last meeting on August 28, 2014 and had
14 in attendance. The guest speaker was Chad Williams, P.E.,
District 3 Assistant District Maintenance Engineer. The topic was
FDOT Maintenance Contracts. Our ITE student
chapter is ver y
active on campus.
This is a picture
from the USF
Welcome Back
Block Party. Along
with several other
student engineering organizations, ITE set up a booth to recruit
new students. Our student chapter has participated in this event
for several years now.
We have weekly seminars where professionals in the field of
transportation from different places and companies come and
present to our ITE members. This is a good opportunity to network
and ask any questions regarding what a job might entail in that
specific area of transportation.
We also have social events each semester to promote ITE. These
are events that are usually sponsored by student government
and any engineering student can attend. Last year during the
fall semester we had a Halloween social following the weekly
seminar and this year we are planning on a barbeque sometime
in October. The student turnout for these events is always good.
Each year our student chapter goes on 3-4 field trips where we
learn about some form of transportation. The first field trip of
the fall semester will be in late September/early October and
it will be a behind the scenes tour of the Tampa street car. It is
currently being planned and we already have several students
showing interest.
We are looking into a student chapter at FSU Panama City
Campus. We are also planning an Emerald Coast ITE golf
tournament sometime after the first of the year. Keith C. Bryant, P.E., PTOE
[email protected]
Mark your calendars now for…
Smart Transportation:
A look back and staying ahead
2014 District 10 / FSITE Annual Meeting
Co-sponsored by South Florida WTS
November 5-7, 2014
Embassy Suites Boca Raton
2015 Florida Section
Summer Meeting
May 2015
Daytona Beach
ITE 2015 Annual
Meeting and Exhibit
August 2–5, 2015
Westin Diplomat Hollywood, Florida, USA
2015 District 10
Annual Meeting
November 2015
Sarasota/Bradenton Area
FLITE - October 2014 • 23
student Chapter News
UF Traffic Bowl Team Places 2nd in Grand Championship
UF ITE traffic bowl team (left to right): Michael Armstrong, Donald Watson,
Thomas Chase, Pruthvi Manjunatha
UF ITE Student Chapter Welcomes New
Transportation Students
This year, 6 new graduate students joined the transportation group at UF. An
orientation was held on August 29, 2014 for all new and current transportation
graduate students. Here students were introduced to new and current students
as well as the transportation professors. The UF ITE Student Chapter also gave
a presentation to new students about ITE and how to get involved. The UF ITE
Student Chapter hopes to continue to get new students involved in various ITE
activities around campus and in the Florida District.
Transportation students and faculty after the orientation at UF
24 • FLITE - October 2014
The UF ITE traffic bowl team advanced to the
2014 ITE International Collegiate Traffic Bowl
Grand Championship in Seattle, WA after its
win in the District 10 ITE Traffic Bowl. There the
team competed against 8 other schools from
their respective districts. The UF team consisted
of Thomas Chase, Donald Watson, Pruthvi
Manjunatha, and Michael Armstrong (alternate).
This was Thomas’ fourth time competing in the
Grand Championship and Donald’s second. The
Grand Championship consists of 3 semifinal
rounds with three teams competing in each
round. The winner from each semifinal round
competes in a final round.
The UF team was randomly drawn to play against
Purdue University and Clemson University in
the semifinals. The battle was fierce between
UF and Clemson, but UF managed to come
back from a deficit to win. The University of
Texas at Austin team also managed to advance
past the semifinals by beating the University
of Massachusetts-Amherst and University of
Kansas after 4 tiebreakers between UT Austin
and UMass-Amherst in the Final Clue. Penn
State University won its seminal match against
Brigham Young University and University of
The final round was a close competition. UF,
Penn State, and UT Austin entered into the
Final Clue with 2000, 2100, and 2700 points,
respectively. Neither the UF nor the Penn State
team got the Final Clue correct, but UT Austin
answered correctly to give them 4200 points and
first place in the Grand Championship. The UF
team came in second with 1 point, and Penn State
came in third with 0. It was a fierce competition,
and the UF ITE traffic bowl team is proud to have
come in second. While Thomas and Don are no
longer eligible to compete in the traffic bowl next
year, the UF ITE Student Chapter hopes to recruit
some new life to bring onto the team.
Schedule of Events • November 5-7, 2014
District 10/FSITE and South Florida WTS
are co-hosting the 2014 Annual Meeting
and Awards Banquet on November 5-7 at
the Embassy Suites Hotel in Boca Raton,
Florida. The meeting theme is Smart
Transportation: A look back and staying
ahead and will have a multimodal focus with
sessions on Safety, Livability/Sustainability,
Regional Transit, Regional Freight and
Transportation Systems Management &
Operations (TSM&O).
This meeting will involve interactive and
dynamic technical sessions with speakers from
the Florida Department of Transportation,
various Metropolitan Planning Organizations
and local government. Keeping with the
meeting theme, we will celebrate the 100th
year of the traffic signal with a special
presentation by the Florida Section historians.
For the Wednesday Tour, delegates will
participate in an en-route presentation by
the South Florida Regional Transportation
Authority on the Tri-Rail, followed by a guided
bus tour of the expanding Port Everglades
To register, visit
Earn up to
13 PDH or
CM Credits
Wednesday, November 5
12:00 pm - 5:00 pm 12:15 pm - 4:30 pm 5:30 pm - 7:30 pm 7:00 pm - 9:00 pm Registration
Tri-Rail and Port Everglades Tour
Welcoming Reception
D10/FSITE Executive Board Meeting (all interested parties
Thursday, November 6
7:30 am - 5:00 pm 7:00 am - 8:00 am 8:00 am - 8:30 am 8:30 am - 10:00 am 10:30 am - 12:00 pm 12:00 am - 1:30 pm 1:30 pm - 3:00 pm 1:30 pm - 3:00 pm 3:30 pm - 4:15 pm 4:15 pm - 5:00 pm 6:00 pm - 7:00 pm 7:00 pm - 9:00 pm Registration Desk Open
Continental Breakfast
Opening Session
Tech. Session 1: Road Safety - Working Towards Zero
Tech. Session 2: Regional Transit - Premium Transit
Options for the Future
Tech. Session 3a: Sustainability & Livability - A Regional
Level Viewpoint
Tech. Session 3b: Sustainability & Livability - Retrofi tting
Our Streets
Florida Traffi c Engineering Council (FLUTEC) Roundtable
Florida Planning Council (FLPLAN) Council Roundtable
Poolside Evening Reception
Historical Look Back at the Transportation Industry Evening Banquet and Awards Ceremony
Friday, November 7
7:30 am - 5:00 pm 7:30 am - 8:30 am 8:00 am - 8:30 am 8:30 am - 10:00 am 8:30 am - 10:00 am Registration Desk Open
Continental Breakfast
D10/FSITE Executive Board Update
Tech. Session 4a : Freight - Current and Future Trends
Tech. Session 4b: Corridor Management - It’s Not Your
Grandparent’s Roadway
10:00 am - 10:15 am Networking Break
10:15 am - 11:45 am Tech. Session 5a : Lessons Forgotten - Long Range
Planning & Short Term Memories
10:15 am - 11:45 am Tech. Session 5b : TSM&O Integration - Are We There
Yet? - An Interactive Panel Discussion
11:45 am - 12:00 pm Wrap-up and Adjourn
12:00 pm - 2:00 pm WTS Board Meeting (all interested parties welcome; lunch
FLITE - October 2014 • 25
Transportation Study
Engineer/Planner Wanted
for Internship or Hire
A Great Opportunity to Work
for An Innovative Group
ICON Consultant Group is a Tampa based Transportation
Planning and Engineering Firm. We are a growing,
passionate group having a working relationship with the
Florida Department of Transportation, Local Municipalities,
State Universities, Land Development Companies, and other
Engineering and Construction Companies.
Econolite Group proudly offers transportation
management solutions including traffic controllers,
ATMS and adaptive traffic control, signals and cabinets,
video and radar detection, and cabinet components.
To learn more, contact us at [email protected],
or call 904-448-5619.
ICON is seeking an analyst who has a strong interest in
developing alternative innovative solutions to the challenging
transportation demands in Florida.
Specific project tasks include:
• FDOT/FHWA alternative interchange analysis
including innovative concepts as a Diverging Diamond
Interchange and Displaced Left Turns,
• FDOT Traffic Engineering Studies in West and Central
• Complete Street Studies and Concepts,
Award-Winning Engineering Solutions
• Safety evaluations to address pedestrians, bikes and
• Creatively solving traffic problems including all modes
of transportation.
What we look for in candidates: Good communication and
organizational skills, traffic analysis and capacity software
knowledge, micro-simulation program experience (VISSIM,
Corsim, Synchro), knowledge of travel demand forecast
modeling using FSUTMS (Cube), some CADD experience,
proven experience with data collection and technical analysis
I-4 Bridges Spanning Reedy Creek
2013 DBIA Florida Transportation Design-Build Project of the Year
2012 FICE Engineering Excellence Award Winner
Scan the QR code or visit youtube.com/gannettfleming
to watch a video highlighting the project.
ICON has built a reputation of not just meeting but exceeding
our Clients’ expectations. Our strongest marketing tool is our
people and the quality of our work!
We hire people who want to be great at what they do. Are
you up for the challenge? If this is you or if you would like to
discuss Florida’s Transportation Engineering opportunities,
please call.
Thank you!
Design-Build • Construction Management • Construction Inspection • Roadway/Civil
Bridges and Structures • Full-Service Geotech • Contractor Quality Control
Transit and Rail • ITS and Traffic Engineering • PD&E Studies • Transportation Planning
786.845.9540 • www.gannettfleming.com
Offices Worldwide Including 10 in Florida
26 • FLITE - October 2014
2014_FLITENewsletter_4C_3.625x4.875.indd 1
4/29/2014 9:44:34 AM
Angelo G. Belluccia, PE
Principal, ICON Consultant Group. Inc.
10006 North Dale Mabry Hwy, Suite 201, Tampa, FL 33618
Phone: 813-962-8689 • www.iconconsultantgroup.com
FLITE is a newsletter published by the Florida Section of the Institute of Transportation Engineers (FSITE) to inform members of the latest news items, articles and
variety of topics of interest to transportation professionals in Florida. Two issues a year of FLITE are distributed to the section members approximately 1 to 3 weeks
prior to the summer and fall meetings. Those firms wishing to be added to the Professional Directory should contact Oliver R. Rodrigues, [email protected]
Angela M. Garland, PE, PTOE
Data Collection
Traffic Engineering
Traffic Design
Lighting Design
Traffic Studies
11523 Palmbrush Trl, Ste 317
Lakewood Ranch, FL 34202
[email protected]
Providing Timely, Professional Engineering Solutions
10006 North Dale Mabry Highway, Suite 201 | Tampa, Florida 33618
813-962-8689 | www.iconconsultantgroup.com
Highway Design
Site Civil Engineering & Planning
Environmental Science
Certified DBE, MBE & SBE
If you have not
updated your
personal and/or
business contact
recently, we
you to visit the
International ITE
web site and do so.
Are You Getting the FSITE-news?
Florida Section ITE has an electronic
newsletter that we send out via
e-mail periodically. We have recently
upgraded it so that you can choose to
receive it in HTML, plain text, or mobile
format. The brief newsletter provides
information on upcoming meetings
and news in the transpor tation
profession. To subscribe for FREE,
just go to http://eepurl.com/iwipo
or point your smart-phone to scan the
adjacent QR code.
FLITE - October 2014 • 27
Sage Kamiya, P.E., PTOE
FLITE Editor
Manatee County Public Works
1022 26th Avenue East
Bradenton, FL 34208
Allied Tube & Conduit
Caliper Corp
Control Technologies Cost Cast. Inc.
CS Engineered Casting
Econolite Control Products
EtherWAN Systems, Inc.
Information Display Company (SpeedCheck)
Iteris Inc.
Lighting Control Consultants
Pexco/Davidson Traffic Control Products
PTV America
Quality Counts
Southern Manufacturing
Traffic Logix
Transportation Control Systems
28 • FLITE - May 2014
Ken Smith
Paul Ricotta
Mike Day
Adam Kallmeyer
Michael Velez
Matt Joseph/Connie Braithwaite
Gary Nesbitt
Bill Starkey
Kirk Wegener
Gary Odell
Stokes Wallace
Bill Cook
Stephen Kulisek
Shelley Williams Kiel Ova
Carlos Stevenson
Jeremy Huffman
Sheldon Pafford
Jeff Neff James Weatherall
Cary W. Hudkins
Michael Kline