DISTRICT LEVEL Agro meteorological Advisory Bulletin for the state of

िजला तर तमलनाडु के लए कृष मौसम सलाहकार बल
ु ेटन
DISTRICT LEVEL
Agro meteorological Advisory Bulletin for the state of
Tamil Nadu Bulletin No. 89 /2014
For the period 0830 IST, 07th November 2014 to
0830 IST, 11th November 2014.
Issued on day, 07th November 2014.
Issued by
DDGM, Regional Meteorological Centre, India Meteorological Department,
Chennai in collaboration with TNAU and nine AMFU’s of Agro climatic Zones of
the Tamil Nadu state
Agro climatic zones of the state
PERCENTAGE DEPARTURE OF RAINFALL
FOR THE WEEK ENDING 05-11-14
FOR THE SEASON 01-10-14 TO 05-11-14
Past Weather Summary for the period 03.11.20114 to 06.11.2014
for the State of Tamilnadu & Puducherry
Temperature:
Maximum Temperature of range 24oC – 36oC prevailed over the state. Kodaikanal
and Uthagamandalam recorded Maximum temperature range 15oC – 19oC during
the period.
Minimum temperature of range 15oC - 25oC prevailed over the State. Kodaikanal
and Uthagamandalam recorded Minimum temperature of range 05oC - 09oC
during the same period.
Spatial distribution of Rainfall
Spatial distribution of
Date
Area
Rainfall
Widespread (Most places) 03.11 and 04.11.2014
Fairly widespread (Many
Pondicherry
04.11.2014
South Tamilnadu
Scattered (Few Places)
03.11.2014
Tamilnadu
Isolated (Isolated Places)
04.11.2014
North Tamilnadu
05.11 and 06.11.2014
Tamilnadu
05.11 and 06.11.2014
Pondicherry
places)
Dry
Chief Amounts of Rainfall (in cms):-
03.11.2014:
Uttamapalayam: 6; Mayiladuthurai: 5; Tiruvadanai, Kovilankulam , Nagapattinam,
Karaikal, Ramanathapuram: 4; R.s.mangalam, K.m.koil, Chennai(N): 3; Cheyyur,
Ramnad nicra, Madukkur, Thiruthuraipoondi, Anna uty arg (Chennai , Tondi,
Chidambaram, Trangambadi(or)tranquebar , Gudalur, Muthupet, Orthanad,
Tiruvarur, Satyabama uty arg, Thiruvidaimaruthur, Pattukottai, Sirkali, Watrap,
Radhapuram, Ennore AWS, Vedaranyam, Aduthurai AWS: 2; Jayamkondam,
Mahabalipuram, Madavaram AWS, Cholavaram, Pondicherry, Tirupuvanam,
Peraiyur, Sivakasi, Cuddalore, Anaikaranchatram(Kollidam), Kelambakkam, DGP
office (Chennai), Adirampatnam, Puzhal arg, Red hills, Tirupathur pto , Nannilam,
Kadaladi, Sethiathope, Parangipettai, Sivaganga, Vallam, Manamadurai, Kamudhi,
Srimushnam, Marakkanam,, Anna University (Chennai ), Pamban, Paramakudi,
Chidambaram AWS, Shencottah, Chembarabakkam, Mannargudi, Musiri ,
Tambaram, Chennai AP, Valparai pto, Pandavaiyar head, Aruppukottai ,
Kulithalai, Gandarvakottai, Kamudhi arg, Mudukulatur, Virudhunagar,
Rameswaram: 1;
04.11.2014:
Radhapuram: 6; Papanasam: 5; Pechiparai, Airport Madurai: 4; Madurai south,
Ayikudi, Shencottah, Rajapalayam, Nanguneri, Sankarankoil, Thenkasi: 3;
Palayamkottai, Kayathar arg, Marakkanam, Tindivanam, Manimutharu , Vanur,
Ottapadiram, Vilupuram, Bhoothapandy: 2; Periyar, Tindivanam nicra, Mylaudy,
Ambasamudram, Kanyakumari, Cheranmahadevi, Vilathikulam, Pondicherry,
Cuddalore, Kuzhithurai, Kodavasal, Gingee, Vedaranyam, Tiruvarur , Nagercoil,
Thiruvidaimaruthur, Srivaikuntam, Kovilankulam, Srimushnam, Mettupatti,
Tarangambadi(or)tranquebar :1.
05.11.2014:
Pechiparai: 3.
06.11.2014:
Bhoothapandy: 3; Lower kothaiyar arg: 1.
DISTRICT LEVEL ENSEMBLE WEATHER FORECAST
ISSUED ON: 07.11.2014
VALID FOR THE NEXT 5 DAYS
DISTRICTWISE WEATHER BASED AGRO ADVISORIES
KARAIKAL
•
•
Drain the excess water and apply fertilizer to paddy fields .
For samba paddy crop; apply top dressing of Urea (35 kg) + Potash (10kg) + Zinc
sulphate (10 kg) + 7 kg neem cake per acre .
Thinning and gap filling shall be done after fertilizer application to maintain the
population lost due to flooding.
PONDICHERRY
Drain the excess water and avoid applying fertilizers during these rainy days.
NILGIRIS
•
There is no rainfall for next 3 days
•
No rainfall is expected in the next 3 days, the farmers are advised to adopt mulching to
conserve moisture.
•
Due to cloudy weather and temperature fluctuation there may be chances for the spread
of blister blight in tea. Farmers are advised to adopt remedial measures.
•
Due to low temperatures/ winter and frost prevailing in the Nilgiris, currently there is no
sowing of crops except for irrigated potato and carrot.
•
Very low temperature is expected, measures may be suitably taken to prevent damages to
crops.
•
Sowing of irrigated potato may be taken up after application of biofertilizers @ 2.5 kg/ac
and Paecilomyces lilacinus @ 4 - 8 kg/ac along with well decomposed farm yard manure.
CHENNAI, KANCHIPURAM, THIRUVALLUR, VELLORE,
VILLUPURAM & TIRUVANNAMALAI
AGRICULTURE :
1. Paddy crop under growing stage and provide fertilizers through foliar method.
2. Leaf folder incidence was noticed in paddy crop to control spray profenophos 2ml in one
liter of water.
3. Seeds should be treated with Pseudomonas fluorescence 10g/kg of seed before sowing. The
seed treatment increases seed germination, seedling vigour and controls the seed borne
infection.
CUDDALORE
AGRICULTURE :
1. Excess water should to drain out from the paddy field.
2. Leaf folder incidence was noticed in paddy crop to control spray profenophos 2ml in one
liter of water.
3. Seeds should be treated with Pseudomonas fluorescence 10g/kg of seed before sowing. The
seed treatment increases seed germination, seedling vigour and controls the seed borne
infection.
4. The Evapotranspiration is 7.2 mm per day. Crop water requirement is 8mm/day for paddy
crop, 7mm/day for fodder crops and 7.5 mm/day for vegetable crops
CHENNAI
Livestock :
1. Light rainfall may be expected on 12.11.2014.
2. Current weather pattern is suitable for tick multiplication and dogs should be sprayed
with anti tick sprays.
3. Young puppies around 6 weeks old should be vaccinated against paroviral entertits,
distemper, leptospirosis etc (DHLPPi) and advised to do regular deworming.
4. Calves above 3 months and sheep and goat above 2 months should be vaccinated against
Foot and Mouth disease
5. Sheep and Goats should be dewormed by using broad spectrum antihelmintics.
KANCHIPURAM , VELLORE, THIRUVANNAMALAI, CUDDALORE &
VILLUPURAM
Livestock :
1.
2.
3.
4.
Light rainfall may be expected on 12.11.2014.
Avoid stagnation of water nearby animal shed to control vector.
Sheep and Goats should be dewormed by using broad spectrum antihelmintics.
In case of poultry, farmers are advised to provide clean drinking water to avoid E.coli infection.
5. Poultry farmers are advised to protect the feeder to avoid wastage due to high wind speed by
providing curtains
THIRUVALLUR
Livestock :
1.
2.
3.
4.
Light rainfall may be expected on 12.11.2014.
Drain out the excess water stagnation to avoid multiplication of vectors.
Sheep and Goats should be dewormed by using broad spectrum antihelmintics.
In case of poultry, farmers are advised to provide clean drinking water to avoid
E.coli infection.
5. Poultry farmers are advised to protect the feeder to avoid wastage due to high
wind speed by providing curtains.
VIRUDHUNAGAR
Crop/
Stage /
Advisories
Farming
Activities
system
Agromet advisories in relation to the anticipated weather having high cloud cover and moderate
humidity
Cotton
Vegetative
In the prevailing weather having high cloud cover and humidity there
stage
is incidence of leafhopper in cotton. The ETL is 50 nymphs or adults/
50 leaves. When the incidence crosses the ETL spray imidacloprid
200 SL 100 ml/ ha or neem oil formulation 0.5% or neem oil 3%
thrice at fortnightly
intervals.
Chilli
Seedling
stage
In chilli nursery damping off disease is observed due to poor drainage.
For controlling the spread of the disease do soil drenching with 0.1%
carbendazim.
In the prevailing weather having high cloud cover and humidity thrips
incidence is observed in chilli nursery. For controlling the pest spray
dimethoate 2 ml/ l or methyl demeton 2 ml/ l.
Blackgram
and
Vegetative
stage
In the prevailing weather having high cloud cover and humidity leaf
spot is observed in blackgram and greengram. For controlling it spray
greengram
carbendazim 1 g/ l or mancozeb 2 g/ l.
In the prevailing weather having high cloud cover and humidity there
is incidence of sphinjid in blackgram and greengram. For controlling it
spray monocrotophos 2 ml/ l.
SMS: Expected rain- 9, 11& 12th November (mm): 2, 3 and 5 mm, respectively. Cottonleafhopper: ETL- 50 nos./50 leaves. Spray imidacloprid 100 ml/ha.
TIRUNELVELI & THOOTHUKUDI
Crop/
Stage /
Advisories
Farming
Activities
system
Agromet advisories in relation to the anticipated weather having high cloud cover, light rainfall and
high humidity
Rice
nursery
Seedling
stage
In the prevailing weather having high cloud cover and humidity thrips
incidence is observed in rice nursery. The ETL is 60 numbers in 12
passes or rolling of the first and second leaves in 10% of the seedlings.
For controlling the pest spray phosphamidon 40 SL 50 ml/ 20 cents or
monocrotophos 36 SL 40 ml/ 20 cents.
Rice
mainfield
Seedling
In rice nursery monitor the incidence of brown plant leafhopper. The
stage
Economic Threshold Level (ETL) is 1 hopper/ tiller in the absence of
predatory spider and 2 hoppers /tiller when spider is present at 1/hill.
Avoid excessive use of nitrogen. Control irrigation by intermittent
draining. Set up light traps during night or yellow pan traps during day
time. If incidence crosses the ETL spray phosalone 35 EC 1500 ml/ ha
or phosphamidon 1000 ml/ha. Drain the water before use of
insecticides and direct the spray towards the base of the plants.
Cotton
Vegetative
In the prevailing weather having high cloud cover and humidity there
stage
is incidence of leafhopper in cotton. The ETL is 50 nymphs or adults/
50 leaves. When the incidence crosses the ETL spray imidacloprid
200 SL 100 ml/ ha or neem oil formulation 0.5% or neem oil 3%
thrice at fortnightly
intervals.
Seedling
stage
Chilli
In chilli nursery damping off disease is observed due to poor drainage.
For controlling the spread of the disease do soil drenching with 0.1%
carbendazim.
In the prevailing weather having high cloud cover and humidity thrips
incidence is observed in chilli nursery. For controlling the pest spray
dimethoate 2 ml/ l or methyl demeton 2 ml/ l.
Blackgram
and
Vegetative
stage
greengram
In the prevailing weather having high cloud cover and humidity leaf
spot is observed in blackgram and greengram. For controlling it spray
carbendazim 1 g/ l or mancozeb 2 g/ l.
In the prevailing weather having high cloud cover and humidity there
is incidence of sphinjid in blackgram and greengram. For controlling it
spray monocrotophos 2 ml/ l.
TIRUNELVELI
SMS: Expected rain- 8, 9, 10,11& 12th November (mm): 0, 2, 2, 4 and 3 mm, respectively. Rice
nursery-thrips: ETL- 60 nos. in 12 passes. Phosphamidon 40 SL 50 ml/20 cents.
THOOTHUKUDI
SMS: Expected rain- 11& 12th November (mm): 4 and 3 mm, respectively. Rice nursery- thrips:
ETL- 60 nos. in 12 passes. Phosphamidon 40 SL 50 ml/ 20 cents.
SALEM, NAMAKKAL, DHARMAPURI & KRISHNAGIRI
A) Special Agroadvisory from Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Namakkal:
1. This season is suitable for cultivation of small onion, seed or bulb treatment with bio fungicide
and bactericide is essential to protect the bulbs form bacterial and fungal attack. Around 500 kg
of seed is required per acre of land.
Each kilogram of seed could be mixed with 4 g
Trichoderma viride and 10 g Pseudomonas fluorescence one day before cultivation.
DHARMAPURI & KRISHNAGIRI
A) Special Weather Advisory Bulletin for Dairy and Poultry Farming:
1. For next four days, the sky will be slightly cloudy with less chance of rainfall. Maximum and
minimum temperature will be around 31°C (87.8°F) and 18°C (64.4°F) respectively. Wind speed
will be around 2-3 km/hour mostly from southeast. Relative humidity will be in the range of 5572%.
2. Currently less active northeast monsoon over interior districts of Tamil Nadu likely to review from
coming Monday – Tuesday, will be expected to bring some rainfall to the interior districts. Day
and night temperatures will be reduced. Hence slightly increase energy level in layer chicken feed
to maintain normal egg production and egg mass.
3. Post mortem observations in birds brought for the diagnostic purpose at Poultry Disease Diagnosis
and Surveillance Laboratory, VC & RI, Namakkal revealed death of birds due to necrotic enteritis
and upper respiratory tract infection. Hence, poultry farmers are advised to test feed ingredients
for clostridium load and use good quality feed ingredients along with proper bio-security measures
in the farm.
SALEM
B) Special Weather Advisory Bulletin for Dairy and Poultry Farming:
2. For next four days, the sky will be slightly cloudy with less chance of rainfall. Maximum and
minimum temperature will be around 33°C (91.4°F) and 20°C (68.0°F) respectively. Wind
speed will be around 2-3 km/hour mostly from southeast. Relative humidity will be in the range
of 40-75%.
3. Currently less active northeast monsoon over interior districts of Tamil Nadu likely to review
from coming Monday – Tuesday, will be expected to bring some rainfall to the interior districts.
Day and night temperatures will be reduced. Hence slightly increase energy level in layer
chicken feed to maintain normal egg production and egg mass.
4. Post mortem observations in birds brought for the diagnostic purpose at Poultry Disease
Diagnosis and Surveillance Laboratory, VC & RI, Namakkal revealed death of birds due to
necrotic enteritis and upper respiratory tract infection. Hence, poultry farmers are advised to
test feed ingredients for clostridium load and use good quality feed ingredients along with proper
bio-security measures in the farm.
NAMAKKAL
A) Special Weather Advisory Bulletin for Dairy and Poultry Farming:
1. For next four days, the sky will be slightly cloudy with less chance of rainfall. Maximum and
minimum temperature will be around 34°C (32.2°F) and 22°C (71.6°F) respectively. Wind
speed will be around 2-3 km/hour mostly from southeast. Relative humidity will be in the
range of 40-75%.
2. Currently less active northeast monsoon over interior districts of Tamil Nadu likely to review
from coming Monday – Tuesday, will be expected to bring some rainfall to the interior districts.
Day and night temperatures will be reduced. Hence slightly increase energy level in layer
chicken feed to maintain normal egg production and egg mass.
3. Post mortem observations in birds brought for the diagnostic purpose at Poultry Disease
Diagnosis and Surveillance Laboratory, VC & RI, Namakkal revealed death of birds due to
necrotic enteritis and upper respiratory tract infection. Hence, poultry farmers are advised to
test feed ingredients for clostridium load and use good quality feed ingredients along with
proper bio-security measures in the farm.
ARIYALUR, KARUR
Crop: Rice, Sugarcane and Banana
Season and Stage: Samba - Tillering, Late Samba / Thaladi - Nursery / Transplanting.
Stem borer & Leaf folder incidence are being noticed in the samba paddy fields due to prevailing
weather condition. To manage this, spray Profenophos 400 ml/acre.
Top dressing of fertilizers can be done for samba paddy (35 kg urea + 10 kg MOP /acre) using
expected dry weather condition.
TIRUCHIRAPPALLI , THANJAVUR, THIRUVARUR &
NAGAPATTINAM
Crop: Rice, Sugarcane and Banana
Season and Stage: Samba- Tillering Stage, Thaladi - Establishment stage
After draining the excess water, gap filling has to be done by using same variety seedlings or
seedlings obtained by thinning in the same field to maintain optimum plant population.
Stem borer & Leaf folder incidence are being noticed in the samba paddy fields due to prevailing
weather condition. To manage this, spray Profenophos 400 ml/acre.
Top dressing of fertilizers can be done for samba paddy (35 kg urea + 10 kg MOP /acre) using
expected dry weather condition.
PERAMBALUR
Crop: Cotton, Rice, Sugarcane, and Banana
Stage: Late Samba / Thaladi – Nursery.
One hand weeding is recommended at 45 DAS in cotton crop. Top dressing can be
done @ urea 50 kg and MOP 25 kg per acre and also given earthing up.
For late Samba/ Thaladi nursery applications of 1 kg DAP/cent is recommended
COIMBATORE
Blocks
Sugar cane
Banana
Turmeric
Vegetables
Rice
Thondamuthur
Karamadai
Sulur
Sultanpet
8 months
10 months
6 months
8 months
6 months
8 months
8 months
6 months
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
NC
NC
NC
NC
Pollachi
P.N Palayam
Kinathukadavu
Annur
Madukarai
8 months
4 months
NC
NC
NC
9 months
9 months
NC
7 months
5 months
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
V
NC
NC
NC
NC
Annaimalai
5 months
2 months
V
V
V
V- Vegetative; NC-No Crop
Agro Advisory
Due to prevailing low temperature blast incidence in rice and hence the farmers are
requested to monitor the crop carefully spray tricyclozole @ 1 gm / liter and next spray
may be done after 7 to 10 days with carbendazim @ 1 gm / liter.
Due to continuous wet weather leaf blotch disease in turmeric may be appearing and
control the disease spray tilt @ 1 ml / or carbendazim 1 gm or COC 2.5 gm or mancozep
2.5 gm / litter of water. Above chemicals sprayed rotationally
After draining the water in turmeric field, apply Pseudomonas fluorescence @ 2kg / ha.
Mixed with 20kg of dried organic manure or vermi- compost and uniformly applied to the
field for revitalisation of bacterial population in the soil.
Due to prevailing low temperature is also favourable for leaf folder attack in rice hence
the farmers are requested to monitor the crop carefully and spray if required
choloripyriphos @ 2ml or Acephate @ 2gm or triazophos 2 ml / liter of water. Minimum 2
sprays are required to control the pest effectively.
Due to wet weather prevailed flower shedding in cotton may be there to control the
flower shedding Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) @ 40 ppm (40 mg / liter of water) may
be sprayed.
SMS advisory
To control the leaf folder attack in rice choloripyriphos @ 2ml or Acephate @ 2gm or triazophos
2 ml / liter of water.
ERODE
Taluks
Sugarcane
Banana
Turmeric
Rice
Rain fed
sorghum
Ammapet
9 months
NC
3 months
V
V
Bhavani
6 months
5 months
4 months
V
V
Erode
6 months
4 months
4 months
T&V
V
Perundurai
6 months
NC
3 months
T
V
Sathyamangalam
9 months
7 months
4 months
T
V
Nambiyur
6 months
NC
NC
T
V
Gobichettipalayam
5 months
6-7 months
3 months
T&F
V
V-Vegetative; NC-No Crop, T-Transplanting – F: flowering
Agro Advisory
Since dry weather is expected up to 10.11.2014, paddy harvest may be completed
before 10.11.2014 and sun dried.
Harvested rice stalk may be containing fungus due to continues wet spell therefore it
should not be used for feeding the animal instead it may be used for manure are
mulching purpose in coconut garden.
Due to prevailing low temperature blast incidence in rice and hence the farmers are
requested to monitor the crop carefully spray tricyclozole @ 1 gm / liter and next spray
may be done after 7 to 10 days with carbendazim @ 1 gm / liter.
Due to continuous wet weather leaf spot disease in turmeric may be appearing and
control the disease spray tilt @ 1 ml / or carbendazim 1 gm or COC 2.5 gm or mancozep
2.5 gm / litter of water. Above chemicals sprayed rotationally
After draining the water in turmeric field, apply Pseudomonas fluorescence @ 2kg / ha.
Mixed with 20kg of dried organic manure or vermi- compost and uniformly applied to the
field for revitalisation of bacterial population in the soil.
Due to prevailing low temperature is also favourable for leaf folder attack in rice hence
the farmers are requested to monitor the crop carefully and spray if required
choloripyriphos @ 2ml or Acephate @ 2gm or triazophos 2 ml / liter of water. Minimum 2
sprays are required to control the pest effectively.
Due to wet weather prevailed flower shedding in cotton may be there to control the
flower shedding Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) @ 40 ppm (40 mg / liter of water) may
be sprayed.
SMS advisory
To control the leaf folder attack in rice choloripyriphos @ 2ml or Acephate @ 2gm or
triazophos 2 ml / liter of water.
TIRUPPUR
Blocks
Fodder
sorghum
V
Sugarcane
Banana
Vegetables
Maize
Rice
Cotton
10 months
V
F and V
NC
NC
Kankayam
Madathukulam
Gudimangalam
V
V
V
NC
NC
6 months
V
V
V
F and V
F and V
F and V
NC
T
T
NC
S
S
Palladam
Dharapuram
V
V
NC
5 months
V
V
F and V
F and V
NC
T
NC
Udumalpet
V
7 months
6
months
NC
NC
8
months
NC
4
months
NC
F and V
T
S
Avinashi
V-Vegetative; S-Sowing: T- Transplanting; F- Flowering; NC-No Crop
Agro Advisory
Due to prevailing low temperature blast incidence in rice and hence the farmers are
requested to monitor the crop carefully spray tricyclozole @ 1 gm / liter and next spray
may be done after 7 to 10 days with carbendazim @ 1 gm / liter.
Due to continuous wet weather leaf blotch disease in turmeric may be appearing and
control the disease spray tilt @ 1 ml / or carbendazim 1 gm or COC 2.5 gm or mancozep
2.5 gm / litter of water. Above chemicals sprayed rotationally
After draining the water in turmeric field, apply Pseudomonas fluorescence @ 2kg / ha.
Mixed with 20kg of dried organic manure or vermi- compost and uniformly applied to the
field for revitalisation of bacterial population in the soil.
Due to prevailing low temperature is also favourable for leaf folder attack in rice hence
the farmers are requested to monitor the crop carefully and spray if required
choloripyriphos @ 2ml or Acephate @ 2gm or triazophos 2 ml / liter of water. Minimum 2
sprays are required to control the pest effectively.
Due to wet weather prevailed flower shedding in cotton may be there to control the
flower shedding Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) @ 40 ppm (40 mg / liter of water) may
be sprayed.
SMS advisory
To control the leaf folder attack in rice choloripyriphos @ 2ml or Acephate @ 2gm or
triazophos 2 ml / liter of water.
===================================================
`