User Guide Landscape Planner

User Guide
Landscape Planner
Landscape Planner User Guide
Table of Contents
1.
Getting Started ................................................................................................................................. 3
1.1.
About Landscape Planner ....................................................................................................... 3
1.2.
Technical Advantages of Landscape Planner ......................................................................... 3
1.3.
Who Should Read This Guide ................................................................................................. 3
1.4.
A Quick Tour ............................................................................................................................ 4
2. Accessing Landscape Planner ......................................................................................................... 5
2.1.
Runtime Prerequisites ............................................................................................................. 5
3. Exploring System Landscape ........................................................................................................... 6
3.1.
Systems Available on Your Landscape ................................................................................... 6
Procedure ......................................................................................................................................... 6
3.2.
SAP Solution Manager System Details ................................................................................... 7
3.3.
Modeling Status of Systems .................................................................................................... 7
3.4.
Identifying System Dependencies ........................................................................................... 8
4. Updating a System ......................................................................................................................... 10
5. Installing a New System ................................................................................................................. 12
6. Validating and Releasing a Landscape Plan ................................................................................. 14
7. Simulating a Fiori Solution.............................................................................................................. 15
8. Reference Links ............................................................................................................................. 16
9. Support ........................................................................................................................................... 16
2
Landscape Planner User Guide
1. Getting Started
1.1. About Landscape Planner
SAP provides the flexibility to implement various components of SAP Business Suite, SAP
BusinessObjects and SAP NetWeaver within a landscape. In such a complex landscape, there exist
an increasing number of dependencies between each component. Planning any changes to such a
landscape is difficult without accurate information on system dependencies.
Landscape Planner is a browser based tool that helps IT administrators efficiently plan and implement
changes to a landscape (that is: install a new system, update or upgrade). It helps identify the
dependencies between systems in a landscape, and understand the impact of system changes on the
landscape.
1.2. Technical Advantages of Landscape Planner
•
Enables planning landscape changes using accurate landscape data that it obtains from the
customer profile. Thus, it leads to faster decision making.
For example, the tool provides accurate information on all update or upgrade options that are
available for a particular system. Thereby, it helps reduce the effort that you need to perform
an update or upgrade.
•
Helps identify and evaluate changes to the landscape before implementing it. Thereby,
reduces the risk of a change.
For example, the tool provides accurate information on system dependencies. This
information is critical to efficiently perform an update or upgrade activity.
•
Provides information on inconsistent landscape data (systems that are wrongly modeled in
SAP Solution Manager).
1.3. Who Should Read This Guide
This guide is intended for IT administrators or SAP consultants who are responsible for planning
and implementing updates, upgrades, and new system installations.
3
Landscape Planner User Guide
1.4. A Quick Tour
The figure below shows a typical process involved in the Application Lifecycle Management (ALM),
and the role of Landscape Planner. In ALM, Landscape Planner helps you plan a system update or
upgrade, and to generate a landscape plan. You can use this landscape plan in Maintenance
Optimizer (MOPz) to generate a stack.xml file.
Figure 1: Application Lifecycle Management
The image above depicts the Application Lifecycle Management cycle with the various processes
involved. Each stage is briefly described below, starting at SLD:
•
Register the technical systems in System Landscape Data (SLD), which then synchronizes its
data into the Landscape Management Database (LMDB).
•
In the LMDB, you create product systems. LMDB uploads both technical and product system
information to the Customer Profile data available in the SAP Support Portal.
•
Landscape Planner uses this data, and allows you to plan any changes to your landscape.
•
Landscape plan that you generate using Landscape Planner describes these changes.
•
You can now import the landscape plan into Maintenance Optimizer (MOPz) as a basis of a
new maintenance transaction. MOPz creates a stack.xml file that is consumed by the
Software Update Manager (SUM).
Note:
If you are looking for more detailed information, this graphic is also available on the home page of
Landscape Planner, and serves as an interactive way to find documentation of each step.
4
Landscape Planner User Guide
2. Accessing Landscape Planner
Landscape Planner is a hosted application on SAP Service Marketplace (SMP). To access Landscape
Planner:
1. Go to http://www.service.sap.com/sap/support/lp/ui
2. Login with your SAP credentials (S – user)
2.1. Runtime Prerequisites
1. You have installed Google Chrome or Internet Explorer (version 9 and above) browser on your
system.
2. Your SAP Solution Manager system is of release 7.0 SP 23 or above.
3. You have implemented the SAP Notes 1646604 and 1783371 on the SAP Solution Manager
system. This note identifies the Solution Manager that sends the system landscape data to
Landscape Planner.
4. You have implemented the SAP Note 1743695. This note allows the Maintenance Optimizer
(MOPz) to consume the landscape plan generated from Landscape Planner.
Note:
If your SAP Solution Manager system is of release 7.1 SP 06 or above, you need not
implement the above notes.
You must see Import Landscape Plan button on the home screen of maintenance optimizer
(MOPz) after you have successfully implemented this note.
If you cannot see Import Landscape Plan button even after implementing the note, check if
you have assigned a business partner role to this user: To assign a business partner role:
1) In the SAP Solution Manager system, go to the transaction /nbp_gen.
2) Add your SAP Solution Manager system.
3) Chose the user by double clicking on the User.
4) In the menu panel, choose Edit  Create business partner
5. You must ensure that Landscape Fetch job is running on your SAP Solution Manager system.
This is necessary to synchronize your system information with the SAP Portal.
For more information, see:
https://help.sap.com/saphelp_sm71_sp05/helpdata/en/d1/1813383da94d5fa18744e5cd362d6
5/content.htm
5
Landscape Planner User Guide
3. Exploring System Landscape
3.1. Systems Available on Your Landscape
You can use the Landscape Planner tool to identify all systems that are available on your landscape.
Procedure
1. Access Landscape Planner.
Go to http://www.service.sap.com/sap/support/lp/ui and login with your SAP credentials (S –
user).
2. Choose Systems tab.
The tool displays all the systems that are available on your landscape. In addition, it also displays
the name of the technical system and the system type (ABAP, JAVA, Dual Stack, HANA DB, and
so on.)
Tip:
Click on the search icon
product version.
, to search for a particular system based on the product name or
3. Choose a particular system. The Landscape Planner opens the Plan Area of that system.
On this screen the Landscape Planner tool provides information on the system ID, product
instances, product version, the system type (ABAP, JAVA, and Dual Stack), the software
components installed on the system, and so on.
Example: For technical system B15 - the system type is ABAP; the product is SAP SRM;
the SAP Solution Manager system name is S17; the SAP Solution Manager release is 710-0008
Note:
The current version of Landscape Planner does not support viewing more than 500 systems in
the row view.
6
Landscape Planner User Guide
3.2. SAP Solution Manager System Details
For each system on your landscape, the Landscape Planner tool provides information about the SAP
Solution Manager systems that replicates data of that particular system into the customer profile. This
information includes the name of the SAP Solution Manager system and its release.
Example: The technical system B15 is replicated from SAP Solution Manager system S17
In addition, the Landscape Planner tool also provides information on the database host, and the
database type of a particular system. You need to personalize your settings to view these details (SAP
Solution Manager system, database host, database type, and so on.)
1. Choose Personalize on home page of Landscape Planner.
2. Select the attributes or filters that you like to see.
3. Choose Save
Note:
If you are viewing the SAP systems that are available on your landscape in Table View,
you can only sort columns that are available as default attributes or filters values in
personalize screen.
3.3. Modeling Status of Systems
The Landscape Planner tool provides you with the information on modeling status for any particular
system that you have installed in your landscape. You can use Landscape Planner to identify all
systems that you have incorrectly modeled in the SAP Solution Manager system.
1. Access Landscape Planner.
Go to http://www.service.sap.com/sap/support/lp/ui and login with your SAP credentials (S –
user).
2. Choose Systems tab.
3. In the Modeling Status filter, choose Error.
The tool displays only those systems that are wrongly modeled in the SAP Solution Manager system.
These systems are incorrectly modeled in SAP Solution Manager system for various reasons, and as
a result an error is displayed. For more information on the error, choose the Error icon
displayed
on the system.
Example: The technical system B05 is incorrectly modeled in the SAP Solution Manager system S16
7
Landscape Planner User Guide
3.4. Identifying System Dependencies
For any system that is available on your landscape, you can use Landscape Planner tool to identify all
its dependent systems provided that you have correctly modeled these dependencies in LMDB. Refer
to the below table for some examples on system dependencies.
Procedure
1. Access Landscape Planner.
Go to http://www.service.sap.com/sap/support/lp/ui and login with your SAP credentials (S –
user)
2. Choose the Systems tab.
4. Choose a system. The Landscape Planner opens the Plan Area of that system.
3. Choose Dependencies
Dependency
Meaning
The system that is directly dependent to your
chosen system.
For example: ERP backend (HCM) system
and a Portal system are directly dependent to
each other.
Product Maintenance : Direct
Note:
If you choose Direct Dependency for a
Java system which is a hub connected to
more than one other backend systems, the
plan area displays only one system at a
time. Choose Direct Dependency again
and select any of the back end systems to
view direct dependencies for each of it.
All systems those are directly dependent to
your chosen system.
Product Maintenance : ALL
For example: ERP systems connected to a
Portal system, which in turn is connected to a
CRM backend system.
8
Landscape Planner User Guide
Example: ABAP technical system PRO has a direct dependency with JAVA technical system EP3. Product
instances EHP6 for SAP ERP 6.0 and SAP NETWEAVER 7.0 are common to both these technical systems.
Tip:
Use the Navigation Panel available at bottom of the page to move horizontally across the
screen.
9
Landscape Planner User Guide
4. Updating a System
The Landscape Planner tool allows you to efficiently perform an update or upgrade activity on any
system installed on your landscape. The tool provides all the update or upgrade options that are
available for the system that you choose.
By executing the below procedure, you can use Landscape Planner tool to simulate an update or
upgrade activity on any of the systems, and evaluate the impact of this update or upgrade activity on
other dependent systems.
Procedure
1. Access Landscape Planner
Go to http://www.service.sap.com/sap/support/lp/ui and login with your SAP credentials (S –
user).
2. Choose Systems tab
3. From the systems that are displayed, choose a system that you want to update or upgrade.
Tip:
You can use the search icon
product version.
to search for a system based on the product name or
4. Update the system
In the Plan Area, choose Update displayed on top of the system.
5. In the pop-up, choose from the update or upgrade options that are available for this system,
For example: You can choose the target software level, product, product version, stack level,
technical usages, and so on, for the system that you want to update.
6. Choose the Finish icon
to save this activity as a landscape plan.
7. Choose the Save icon
8. Provide a name to the landscape plan and choose OK.
Note:
The Update icon
displayed across a component (product instances, software
components or technical system), indicates that the component needs to be updated due
to your desired landscape changes. The Installed icon
, displayed across a
component, indicates that the component is to be newly installed due to your desired
landscape changes.
10
Landscape Planner User Guide
You have now simulated an update or upgrade activity for a particular system. Now, you can
evaluate the impact of this update or upgrade activity on the system landscape.
9. Choose Transactions from the menu panel.
10. Choose the landscape plan that you have created. This landscape plan opens in the Plan
Area.
Tip:
Use the filters Created by or Modified by to easily identify your landscape plan.
11. Choose Dependencies.
Dependency
Meaning
The system that is directly dependent to your
chosen system.
For example: ERP backend (HCM) system
and a Portal system are directly dependent to
each other.
Note:
If you choose Direct Dependency for a
Java system which is a hub connected to
more than one other backend systems,
the plan area displays only one system at
a time. Choose Direct Dependency again
and select any of the back end systems
to view direct dependencies for each of
it.
Product Maintenance : Direct
The systems that are directly and indirectly
connected to the chosen system are
displayed.
For Example:
For a Java system which is a hub
connected to more than one backend
systems, the plan area displays all
systems (direct and indirect).
Product Maintenance : ALL
Tip:
Use the Navigation Panel available at the bottom of the page to move horizontally across the
screen.
11
Landscape Planner User Guide
5. Installing a New System
By executing the below procedure, you can use Landscape Planner to simulate and evaluate the
impact of installing a new system on your landscape.
Note:
1. The current release of Landscape Planner only supports installing a new single ABAP system.
2. Please refer to the simplified Unified Consumption Experience for new system installation:
http://service.sap.com/~sapidb/012002523100016579152014E.pdf
Procedure
1. Access Landscape Planner.
Go to http://www.service.sap.com/sap/support/lp/ui and login with your SAP credentials.
2. Click the
icon to simulate an installation in your landscape.
3. In the popup, choose from the installation options that are available for this new system.
For example: You can choose the target software level, product, product version, stack level,
technical usages, and so on.
4. Choose the Finish icon
5. Choose the Save icon
to save this activity as a landscape plan.
6. Provide a name to the landscape plan and choose OK.
Note:
The icon
displayed across a component (product instances, software components or
technical system), indicates that the component is updated due to installing a new system
on the landscape. The icon
, displayed across a component, indicates that the
component is newly installed due to installing a new system.
You have now simulated a new installation on your landscape. For evaluating the impact of
this system on the landscape,
7. Choose Transactions from the menu bar.
8. Choose the landscape plan that you created for the new system. The landscape plan opens in
the Plan Area.
Tip:
Use the filters Created by or Modified by to easily identify your landscape plan.
9. Choose Dependencies to view all systems impacted due to this new installation.
Dependency
Meaning
12
Landscape Planner User Guide
The system that is directly dependent to your
chosen system.
Product Maintenance : Direct
For example: ERP backend (HCM) system
and a Portal system are directly dependent to
each other.
All systems those are directly dependent to
your chosen system.
Product Maintenance : ALL
For example: ERP systems connected to a
Portal system, which in turn is connected to a
CRM backend system.
Tip:
Use the Navigation Panel available at the bottom of the page to move horizontally across the
screen.
Note:
You cannot use a landscape plan for new installations in maintenance optimizer to generate a
stack.xml file.
13
Landscape Planner User Guide
6. Validating and Releasing a Landscape Plan
You can validate and release the landscape changes, and use this information in maintenance
optimizer (MOPz) to generate a stack.html file for your planned changes.
Procedure
1. Click on the Actions icon
and choose Finalize Landscape Plan. If the validation is
successful, the message ‘The validation check is performed successfully’ is displayed at the
bottom of the screen. Else, if validation fails, check the log by clicking the log icon
You can withdraw this landscape plan. Click on the Actions icon in the menu bar and choose
the option Withdraw landscape plan, and redo your planning with other update options.
2. Once validated, you can download the landscape plan in PDF format. To do so, click the
Actions icon
and choose Download Landscape Plan. This PDF document provides you
with the information on both, the current status of your landscape, and also the overview of
changes that you have planned for your landscape.
3. Set landscape plan for approval.
After the system validates your landscape plan, if you wish to have your landscape plan to be
reviewed and approved by a business expert, click the Actions icon
in the menu bar and
choose Set landscape Plan for approval. The status of the landscape plan is set to Pending
approval.
4. Release the landscape plan for implementation.
To release a landscape plan, and to generate a stack.xml file (in Maintenance Optimizer) for
these landscape changes, click the Actions icon
in the menu bar and choose Release
Landscape Plan. The tool now loads the landscape plan, with status Released, to the Change
Management work center of SAP Solution Manager.
Note:
The release option is only available if the current status of the landscape plan is Pending
approval.
14
Landscape Planner User Guide
7. Simulating a Fiori Solution
You can plan and simulate one or more Fiori solutions on Landscape Planner. The process flow of
simulating a process flow is shown below:
Figure 2: Process flow- Simulating a Fiori solution
Procedure
1. Click the installation options
solution
on the top left corner, and choose Select to simulate a Fiori
Result: The list of Fiori solutions available is displayed
2. From the list, choose the relevant Fiori solutions or a Fiori solution stack to be implemented in
your landscape.
Result: Other Fiori Solutions which can run on the same system for the above selected
solution are listed
3. Select the solutions that need to be implemented and click the button Plan and Simulate.
4. Two views are provided for supporting the planning activity:
Component view: Provides details on the software component requirements.
Deployment view: Provides different deployment patterns available for implementation in the
landscape.
Figure 5 – Component vi ew
On choosing the desir ed deployment pattern, sel ect the s ystem for i mplementing the s oftwar e c ompon
Choos e fr om the list choose the relevant Fiori s olutions to be i mpl emented i n your l ands cape
Choos e fr om the list choose the relevant Fiori s olutions to be i mpl emented i n your l ands cape
5. On choosing the desired deployment pattern, select the system for implementing the software
components.
Note: Target system can be existing systems in landscape or choose new system for the
implementation
6. Once you have selected a target system, you can visualize the impact by clicking the button
Click to visualize impact
7. Click the save button
to save the changes for later use.
8. You can follow the remaining steps as described in the section Validating and Releasing a
Landscape Plan
15
Landscape Planner User Guide
8. Reference Links

About Landscape Planner: http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-38703

About UCE (SAP SCN): http://scn.sap.com/docs/DOC-56626

Unified Consumption Experience user guide:
http://service.sap.com/~sapidb/012002523100016579152014E.pdf

About SUM: http://scn.sap.com/community/it-management/alm/softwarelogistics/blog/2012/11/07/software-update-manager-sum-introducing-the-tool-for-softwaremaintenance
9. Support
In case of issues, open a message on the CSN component BC-UPG-LP
Alternatively, for any other queries or concerns, mail us at
[email protected] by mentioning the customer number in the mail body.
16
Landscape Planner User Guide
© Copyright 2014 SAP SE. All rights reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced or
transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the
express permission of SAP SE. The information contained
herein may be changed without prior notice.
Some software products marketed by SAP AG and its
distributors contain proprietary software components of
other software vendors.
Microsoft, Windows, Outlook, and PowerPoint are
registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
IBM, DB2, DB2 Universal Database, OS/2, Parallel
Sysplex, MVS/ESA, AIX, S/390, AS/400, OS/390,
OS/400, iSeries, pSeries, xSeries, zSeries, z/OS, AFP,
Intelligent Miner, WebSphere, Netfinity, Tivoli, Informix,
i5/OS, POWER, POWER5, OpenPower and PowerPC are
trademarks or registered trademarks of IBM Corporation.
Adobe, the Adobe logo, Acrobat, PostScript, and Reader
are either trademarks or registered trademarks of Adobe
Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other
countries.
Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation.
UNIX, X/Open, OSF/1, and Motif are registered
trademarks of the Open Group.
Citrix, ICA, Program Neighborhood, MetaFrame,
WinFrame, VideoFrame, and MultiWin are trademarks or
registered trademarks of Citrix Systems, Inc.
HTML, XML, XHTML and W3C are trademarks or
registered trademarks of W3C®, World Wide Web
Consortium, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Java is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems, Inc.
JavaScript is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems,
Inc., used under license for technology invented and
implemented by Netscape.
MaxDB is a trademark of MySQL AB, Sweden.
SAP, R/3, mySAP, mySAP.com, xApps, xApp, SAP
NetWeaver, and other SAP products and services
mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are
trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in
Germany and in several other countries all over the world.
All other product and service names mentioned are the
trademarks of their respective companies. Data contained
in this document serves informational purposes only.
National product specifications may vary.
These materials are subject to change without notice.
These materials are provided by SAP AG and its affiliated
companies ("SAP Group") for informational purposes only,
without representation or warranty of any kind, and SAP
Group shall not be liable for errors or omissions with
respect to the materials. The only warranties for SAP
Group products and services are those that are set forth in
the express warranty statements accompanying such
products and services, if any. Nothing herein should be
construed as constituting an additional warranty.
These materials are provided “as is” without a warranty of
any kind, either express or implied, including but not
limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability,
fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement.
SAP shall not be liable for damages of any kind including
without limitation direct, special, indirect, or consequential
damages that may result from the use of these materials.
SAP does not warrant the accuracy or completeness of the
information, text, graphics, links or other items contained
within these materials. SAP has no control over the
information that you may access through the use of hot
links contained in these materials and does not endorse
your use of third party web pages nor provide any warranty
whatsoever relating to third party web pages.
SAP NetWeaver “How-to” Guides are intended to simplify
the product implementation. While specific product
features and procedures typically are explained in a
practical business context, it is not implied that those
features and procedures are the only approach in solving a
specific business problem using SAP NetWeaver. Should
you wish to receive additional information, clarification or
support, please refer to SAP Consulting.
Any software coding and/or code lines / strings (“Code”)
included in this documentation are only examples and are
not intended to be used in a productive system
environment. The Code is only intended better explain and
visualize the syntax and phrasing rules of certain coding.
SAP does not warrant the correctness and completeness of
the Code given herein, and SAP shall not be liable for
errors or damages caused by the usage of the Code, except
if such damages were caused by SAP intentionally or
grossly negligent.
Disclaimer
Some components of this product are based on Java™. Any
code change in these components may cause unpredictable
and severe malfunctions and is therefore expressively
prohibited, as is any decompilation of these components.
Any Java™ Source Code delivered with this product is only
to be used by SAP’s Support Services and may not be
modified or altered in any way.
17
`