3&11&2014 ›˘–ö˛$-–È-ΔÊˇÖ ∑

3&11&2014 ∑ ›˘–ö˛$-–È-ΔÊˇÖ
2
3-11-2014 ∑ ›˘–ö˛$-–È-ΔÊˇÖ
AM¯t∫-Δäˇ 14
ΔˇÖy¯ {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ƒÊ˝$$ßÊ˛Æ Á‹–ö˛$-ƒÊ˝$Ö-ÃZ- gÍ» ^Û˛Ì‹Ø˲ 11 ‘È‘Ë˝”ô˲ B«zØ˛-Ø˲$fi-ÀØ˲$,
M>ÀÖ ^˛ÕœØ˲ –ö˛$Δ¯ 102 ^˲sÍt-ÀØ˲$ ΔÊˇßÊ˛$™ ^Û˛ƒÊ˝*-À∞ ÃÍ
Mʸ—$-ÁŸØå˛ Ì‹∏ÎΔÊˇ$fi ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®. B B«zØ˛-Ø˲$fiÃZœ
JM¯Pßë∞≤ —yÏ˛-—-yÏ˛V> ΔÊˇßÊ˛$™ ^Û˛ƒÊ˝*-À∞ Ì‹∏ÎΔÊˇ$fiÀ$ ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®. D gÍ--º-ôÈÃZ Mϸ”så˝ CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*
EßÊ˛≈–ö˛$Ö A◊Ï˝_-–Û˛-ô˲Mʸ$ {ºsÓ˝ãŸ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö ô˛_aØ˲ Ú‹O∞Mʸ ßÊ˛‚ÍÀ
AM¯t∫-Δäˇ 15
({Á≥ôÛ˛≈Mʸ A´®M>--Δ>À) B«zØ˛Øå˛fi & 1942, ƒÊ˝$$ßÊ˛Æ V>ƒÊ˝*À B«zØ˛Øå˛fi &
❍ Bı‹âÕ-ƒÊ˝*Mʸ$ ^˛Ö®Ø˲ {Á≥–ö˛$$Q Ø˲–ö˛À ΔÊˇ^˲-Δˇ$$ô˲ «^˲Δäˇz ∏Îœ
Ø˲-Vʸ-Øå˛Mʸ$ –ö˛*≈Øå˛
1941, Cô˲ΔÊˇ B«zØ˛-Øå˛fiÀ$ EØÈ≤Δˇ$$. 77 ¥Îô˲ ^˲sÍt-ÀØ˲$ Á≥N«¢V>, 25
∫$MʸΔäˇ [Ú≥Ok(2014) À¿-Ö-_Ö®. ΔˇÖy¯ {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ƒÊ˝$$ßÊ˛Æ M>ÀÖÃZ £ë-ƒå˝$Δ>ÁŸâ Á≥#Ø˲Δ䡖ö˛≈–ö˛-Ô‹¶-Mʸ-ΔÊˇ◊˝ ^˲sÍt-ÀØ˲$ ¥ÎÑϸ-MʸÖ-V> ôˆÀ-WÖ-^È-À∞ {Á≥øÊ˝$ÃÍÖyä˛ &∫Δ>√ y˛ôå˛ ΔˇOÃÙ˝” ∞Δ>√◊˝Ö fΔÊˇ$-Vʸ$-ô˲$-Ø˲≤-Á≥#yÊ˛$ ªÍ∞Á‹ M>-«√Mʸ$ÀMʸ$
ôÈ”-∞Mϸ Á‹–ö˛$-«μÖ-_Ø˲ ôÈgÍ ∞–Û˛-®-MʸÃZ ÃÍ Mʸ—$-ÁŸØå˛ Á‹*_Ö-_Ö-®.
GßÊ˛$ΔˇOØ˲ Á≥«-Ì‹¶-ô˲$À B´ßëΔÊˇÖV> BƒÊ˝$Ø˲ ΔÊˇ_Ö-_Ø˲ "ßÊ˛ ØÈΔ¯ Δ¯yä˛ r$ ßÊ˛
Á≥N«¢ ôˆÀ-WÖ-Á≥#-Ø˲Mʸ$ Ì‹∏ÎΔÊˇ$fi ^Û˛Ì‹Ø˲ ^˲sÍtÃZœ øÊ˝* —{Mʸ-ƒÊ˝*-ÀMʸ$
yÓ˛ã≥ ØÈΔäˇ¢' Ø˲–ö˛-ÀMʸ$V>Ø˲$ D Á≥#ΔÊˇ-›ÎP-Δ>∞≤ AÖßÊ˛$Mˆ-ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$.
Á‹Ö∫Ö-´®Ö-_Ø˲ ªÒ˝ÖV>Ãå˝ Δˇ–˛Ø˲*≈ ^˲rtÖ & 1841 Mʸ*yë EÖ®.
❍ «f-Δ䡔-ªÍ≈ÖMä¸ Vʸ–ö˛-ΔÊˇ≤Δäˇ ΔÊˇÁú$$-Δ>–í˛$ Δ>f-Øå˛Mʸ$ "ƒÊ˝$$Δ¯-–ö˛$±
Eô˲¢–ö˛$ Ú‹Ö{rÃå˝ «^˲Δäˇz ∏ÎœØ˲-Vʸ-Øå˛
ªÍ≈ÖMä¸ Vʸ–ö˛-ΔÊˇ≤Δäˇ A–ÈΔÊˇ$z(2014)' À¿Ö-_Ö®.
❍ ΔÛˇyÏ˛ƒÒ˝* AMʸPƒÊ˝$≈V> ô˛À$-Vʸ$-–È-«Mϸ Á‹$Á≥-«-_-ô˲$-Δ>-ÃÒ˝OØ˲ ôË
˛$ΔÊˇV> gÍØ˲-MÓ¸-Δ>◊Ï˝
–ö˛$ΔÊˇ-◊Ï˝Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$. 1975 Ø˲$Ö_ 1994 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ BM>‘Ë˝-–È-◊Ï˝ÃZ Á≥∞-^Û˛-‘ÈΔÊˇ$.
AM¯t∫-Δäˇ 16
ΔˇÖyÊ˛$ ›ÎΔÊˇ$œ ô˛À$Vʸ$ —‘Ë˝”-—-ßë≈-ÀƒÊ˝$ Á≥#ΔÊˇ-›ÎPΔÊˇÖ, VʸñÁfl˝-ÀÑϸ√ Á‹”ΔÊˇ~
❍ øÍΔÊˇô˲ B«¶Mʸ ‘ÈQ –ö˛$$Q≈ Á‹À-‡-ßë-ΔÊˇ$V>
MʸÖMʸ◊˝Ö, EV>® Á≥#ΔÊˇ-›ÎPΔÊˇÖ, Ì≥ÖVʸ„ –˛ÖMʸƒÊ˝$≈ ›Î√ΔÊˇMʸ Á‹ôÈP-ΔÊˇÖ, ßÊ˛Ñϸ◊˝
AΔÊˇ—Ößä˛ Á‹${∫-–ö˛$-◊Ï˝-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ ∞ƒÊ˝$-—$-ô˲$-À–ö˛$´ßÊ˛≈ ΔˇOÃÙ˝” V˙ΔÊˇ–ö˛ Á‹ôÈPΔÊˇÖ, Á‹$÷À&ØÈΔ>-ƒÊ˝$-◊˝-ΔˇyÏ˛z ›ÎÌfl˝Ü Á≥#ΔÊˇ-›ÎPΔÊˇÖ,
ƒÊ˝*≈ΔÊˇ$. DƒÊ˝$Ø˲ D Á≥ßÊ˛-—ÃZ –ö˛$*yÛ˛‚Ê˝ìœ
BÖ{´ßÊ˛›Î-ΔÊˇ-Á‹”ô˲ Á≥«-ÁŸô˲$¢ Á≥«-◊˝ô˲–È◊Ï˝ V˙ΔÊˇ-–ö˛Ö -–ö˛ÖsÏ˝ AØÛ˛Mʸ Á≥#ΔÊˇ-›ÎPMˆØ˲-›Î-Vʸ$-ôÈΔÊˇ$.
Δ>À$ AÖßÊ˛$Mˆ-ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$. BÖ{´ßÊ˛ –ö˛$Ìfl˝‚Ê˝ Á‹øÊ˝, BÖ{´ßÊ˛ ƒÊ˝$$–ö˛Ü –ö˛$ÖyÊ˛Õ,
❍ A–˛$«M> ¥˚ΔÊˇ-Áfl˝-Mʸ$PÀ —øÍ-VʸÖÃZ {Ì≥∞fi{‘È—$Mʸ —ßë≈ Ô≥uÊˇÖ –ö˛ÖsÏ˝ Á‹ÖÁ‹¶ÃZœ {Á≥–ö˛$$Q ¥Î{ô˲ ¥˘ÌŸÖ-^ÈΔÊˇ$.
❍ øÍΔÊˇ≈/ øÊ˝ΔÊˇ¢ÃZœ G–ö˛ΔˇOØÈ A{Mʸ–ö˛$ Á‹Ö∫Ö-´ßÊ˛Öô¯ Ì≥Àœ-À
Á≥Ãå˝ yÏ˛Á≥N≈sÓ˝ AÌ‹Ú‹tÖså˝ AsÍ»≤ fØ˲-ΔÊˇMʸ$ fØ˲√-∞ı‹¢ B ô˲$ΔÊˇV> gÍØ˲-MÓ¸-Δ>◊Ï˝
AΔÊ
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Ãå˝V> øÍΔÊˇ-ô˲ Á‹Öô˲-Ü-Mϸ -^˛Ö-®Ø˲ –ö˛∞-ô˲ -Vʸ$AÖ‘È∞≤ ΔÊˇ$k–ö˛# ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$yë--∞-Mϸ Ì≥Àœ-À-Mʸ$ yÏ˛GØå˛G Á≥»-Ñʸ ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$-–ö˛-^˲a∞ Á‹${Ô≥֥΢(-ØÈ≈-ƒÊ˝$-–È®) ∞ƒÊ˝$-—$-ô˲$-À-ƒÊ˝*≈ΔÊˇ$. D
M¯ΔÊˇ$t Á‹μÁŸtÖ ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®.
❍
Á≥ßÊ˛-—Mϸ GÖÌ≥M¸OØ˲ ôˆÕ ßÊ˛Ñϸ-◊Í-Ì‹-ƒÊ˝* –ö˛≈Mϸ¢ D–˛$ M>–ö˛yÊ˛Ö —‘Û˝AÖV>ΔÊˇMʸ {VʸÁfl˝Ö-“$ßÊ˛ ∞–ÈÁ‹Ö HΔÊˇμΔÊˇ-^˲$-M¯-–ö˛-yë-∞Mϸ CÁ≥#μyÊ˛$-Ø˲≤ ›ÎÖMÛ¸-ÜMʸ Á≥«-gÍqØË˛Ö Á‹«-¥˘-ßÊ˛∞,
ÁŸÖ.
2025ÃZÁ≥# AÖV>ΔÊˇ-Mʸ$-yÏ˛-“$ßÊ˛ M>À± HΔ>μr$ ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$yÊ˛Ö ›Î´ßÊ˛≈Ö M>ßÊ˛∞ –ö˛$›Î-^˲$-Ú‹så˝fi CØå
˝
❍ {Á≥–ö˛$$Q øÍΔÊˇô˲ ‘ÈÁ‹à-–Û˛-ô˲¢ Á‹ÖfƒÊ˝$ Δ>gÍBãú sÒ˝M>≤-Ài ‘ÈÁ‹à-–Û˛-ô˲¢À$ {Á≥Mʸ-sÏ˝Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$. D {VʸÁfl˝Ö-“$ßÊ˛ øÍ» ›Î¶Δˇ$$ÃZ —yÊ˛$-ßÊ˛-ÀƒÙ˝$≈˛Ì‹BMÏt-r¸*≈så
˛
Δ>ÖMʸ$ {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ B‡ΔÊˇ Á≥#ΔÊˇ-›ÎPΔÊˇÖ (–ö˛ΔÊˇÃå˝z
›Î¶Δˇ$$∞ ∞ƒÊ˝$Ö-{ÜÖ-^˲yë∞-Mϸ, –ö˛$Ö^˲$∞ MʸΔÊˇ-WÖ_ ±sÏ˝∞ ô˲ƒÊ˝*-ΔÊˇ$-^Û˛-ƒÊ˝$-yë-∞-Mϸ {Á≥Á‹$¢ôË˛Ö AÖßÊ˛$ªÍ-rfifØå
$ÃZ
Áú#yä˛ [Ú≥Ogå˝) À¿Ö-_Ö®. V¯´ßÊ˛$-–ö˛$À Eô˲μÜ¢Ú≥O
EØ˲≤ Á≥«-gÍqØË˛Ö ^ÈÀßÊ˛∞ –ÈΔÊˇ$ —–ö˛-«Ö-^È-ΔÊˇ$.
AM¯t∫-Δäˇ 17
BƒÊ˝$Ø˲ ^Û˛Ì‹Ø˲ Á≥«-‘Z-´ßÊ˛-Ø˲-ÀMʸ$ V>Ø˲$ D Á≥#ΔÊˇ›ÎPΔ>∞≤ {Á≥ßëØË˛Ö ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$. CÁ≥μsÏ˝-ßëM>
❍ MʸΔ>~-r-MʸÃZ Á‹$–ö˛*ΔÊˇ$ 11 Ø˲Vʸ-Δ>À ı≥ΔÊˇœØ˲$ –ö˛*ΔÛˇaÖ-ßÊ˛$-Mʸ$V>Ø˲$ Δ>ÁŸâ-{Á≥-øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö Á≥ÖÌ≥Ø˲ {Á
DƒÊ˝$Ø˲ Á‹ñÌŸtÖ-_Ø˲ 480 –ö˛ÖVʸ-yë-ÀØ˲$ BΔÊˇ$
ÀØ˲$ MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛Ö Á‹–ö˛$√-ÜÖ-_-Ö®. ^È«-{ô˲Mʸ B´ßëΔ>À$, MʸØ˲≤yÊ˛ E^ÈaΔÊˇ◊˝ {¥ÎÜ-Á≥-®-MʸØ˲ ı≥ΔÊˇœØ≥˲$Ü-Á≥¥Î-#ØßË˛Ê˛-Δ-ØÊˇ$-˲QÖyë-ÃZœ∞ 51 ßÛ˛‘ÈÃZœ ΔˇOô˲$À$ Á≥ÖyÏ˛-Á‹$¢-ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$.
ßÊ˛™-«Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$. ªÍ≈ÖV¯œΔäˇ& ªÒ˝ÖVʸ-‚Ê˝îΔÊˇ$, –ö˛*ÖV¯œΔäˇ& –ö˛$ÖVʸ-‚Ê˝îΔÊˇ$, ªÒ˝‚Íœ«& ∫‚Íœ«, ΩgÍ-Á≥#-ΔÊˇ& Á≥#ΔÊˇ,
❍ gÍ°ƒÊ˝$ Ô‹∞-ƒÊ˝$Δäˇ BΔÊˇa» bÈÖÌ≥-ƒÊ˝$-Øå˛-ÌŸªÒ˝ÃÍYÖ& ªÒ˝‚Ê˝-V>—, _Mä¸-–ö˛$-Vʸ-‚Ê˝îΔäˇ& _MʸP-–ö˛$-Vʸ-‚Ê˝îΔÊˇ$, Vʸ$ÀæΔÊˇY& MʸÀ$æ-«Y, –˛$O›˘Δäˇ& –˛$OÁ‹*ΔÊˇ$, —gÍ‹μså˝&
ã≥ÃZ –˛Ø˲≤Ö gZ≈Ü Á‹$ΔÛˇQ bÈÖÌ≥-ƒÊ˝$-Øå˛V> ∞ÕÁflZÁ‹-ı≥sÒ˝, ÌŸ–˛*Vʸ& ’–ö˛-–˛$$VʸY, Áfl˝ìºœ& Áfl˝ì∫æ„œ, ô˲$ÖMʸ*Δäˇ& ô˲$–ö˛$-Mʸ*ΔÊˇ$ V> –ö˛*ΔÊˇ-Ø˲$--ØÈ≤-Δ‡ı
ˇ$$.
–˛Ø˲≤Ö gZ≈Ü Á‹$ΔÛˇQ _-Ö-®.
❍
AM¯t∫-Δäˇ 10
❍
gÍ°ƒÊ˝$ –ö˛*Ø˲-Ì‹Mʸ
BΔ¯Vʸ≈ —´ßë-ØÈ∞≤
MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö
B—ÁŸP-«Ö-_Ö®.
MÛ¸Ö{ßÊ˛ BΔ¯Vʸ≈‘ÈQ
–ö˛$Ö{Ü Áfl˝ΔÊˇ¤–ö˛-ΔÊˇÆØå˛
Áfl˝ΔÊˇ¤–ö˛-ΔÊˇÆØå˛
gÍ°ƒÊ˝$ –ö˛*Ø˲-Ì‹Mʸ
BΔ¯Vʸ≈ —´ßë-ØÈ∞≤ Ø˲*≈…Ï˛-ŒœÃZ {¥ÎΔÊˇÖ-¿Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$. CMʸ Ø˲$Ö_ AM¯t∫Δäˇ 10–ö˛ ôÛ˛©Ø˲
gÍ°ƒÊ˝$ –ö˛*Ø˲-Ì‹Mʸ BΔ¯Vʸ≈ ®Ø˲ÖV> ¥ÎsÏ˝Ö-^˲Ø˲$-Ø˲≤r$œ –ö˛$Ö{Ü {Á≥Mʸ-sÏ˝Ö-^È-ΔÊˇ$.
AM¯t∫-Δäˇ 11
❍
ÃZMä¸-ØÈ-ƒÊ˝$Mä¸ fƒÊ˝$-{Á≥-M>㟠ØÈΔ>-ƒÊ˝$◊ä˝ fƒÊ˝$ÖÜ∞ Á≥#ΔÊˇ-Á‹P-«Ö-^˲$-Mˆ∞ "GÖÔ≥ BßÊ˛ΔÊˇÿ {V>–ö˛$
Á≥£Ê˛MʸÖ' (Á‹ÖÁ‹ßä˛ BßÊ˛ΔÊˇÿ {V>–í˛$ ƒÒ˝*fØ˲ &
Gã‹Gh-–˛O)Ø˲$ {Á≥´ßë∞ Ø˲ΔÛˇÖ-{ßÊ˛-–˛*© Ø˲*≈…Ï˛ŒœÃZ {¥ÎΔÊˇÖ-¿Ö-^È-ΔÊˇ$. BΔ¯Vʸ≈Ö, ¥Î«-‘Ë˝ìßÊ˛Æ≈Ö,
Á≥^˲a-ßÊ˛Ø˲Ö, ›˚‡[ΔÊˇÆ Á‹Ö∫Ö-´ßëÀ$ “r-∞≤-sÏ˝±
Á‹–ö˛*-fÖÃZ Ú≥Ö¥˜Ö-®Ö-^˲-yë-∞Mϸ Gã≥Gh-–˛O∞
D Hyë® ›Î”ô˲Ö-{ô˲≈-®-د-ô˲fi–ö˛Ö Δ¯kØ˲
{Á≥´ßë∞ {Á≥Mʸ-sÏ˝Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$. D Á≥´-£Ê˛MÊ¸Ö MϸÖßÊ˛
JM¯P GÖÌ≥ 2019 ØÈsÏ˝Mϸ ô˲Ø˲ ∞ƒÒ˝*-f-Mʸ-–ö˛ΔÊˇYÖ-ÃZ∞ H–˛OØÈ –ö˛$*yÊ˛$ {V>–ö˛*ÃZœ Á‹ßÊ˛$-¥ÎƒÊ˝*-ÀØ˲$ A¿–ö˛ñ®Æ ^Û˛ı‹ ªÍ´ßÊ˛≈-ô˲Ø˲$ °Á‹$-M¯–ÈÕ. ô˛ÀÖ-V>-◊˝-ÃZ∞ –ö˛ΔÊˇÖ-VʸÃå˝ hÃÍœ VʸÖVʸ-ßÛ˛—-Á≥Õœ, Vʸ$f-Δ>ôå˛ Δ>ÁŸâÖ-ÃZ∞ Á≥ØÈfi» {V>–ö˛*ÀØ˲$ BßÊ˛ΔÊˇÿÖV> °Á‹$-Mˆ∞ ßÛ˛‘Ë˝Ö-ÃZ∞ {Á≥Ü
Á≥ÃÒ˝œ A¿–ö˛ñ®Æ ›Î´®Ö-^È-À∞ {Á≥´ßë∞ –˛*©
Ì≥À$-Á≥#-∞-^ÈaΔÊˇ$.
B´ßÊ˛$∞Mʸ –˲$Ìfl˝‚Ê˝À$ CÖsÏ˝∞, –˲$» –˲$$Q≈ÖV>
–˲ÖsÏ˝ÖsÏ˝∞ AÖßÊ˛ÖV> EÖ^˲yÈ∞Mϸ
CÁŸtÁ≥yÊ˛$ô˲$ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$. AÖßÊ˛$M¯Á‹Ö
BMʸΔÊˇ¤◊Ó˝ƒÊ˝$–˛$OØ˲ yÏ˛gÒ˝OØ˲$œ, ΔÊˇÖVʸ$Àô¯
AÖßÊ˛ÖV> Mʸ∞Ì≥Ö^Û˛ ¥ÎœÌ‹tMä¸ Mϸ^˛Øå˛–Û˛Δäˇ,
sÙ˝∫$Ãå˝–Û˛Δäˇ Ø˲$ EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*WÖ^˲yÈ∞Mϸ BÁ‹Mϸ¢
^˲*Á≥#ô˲$ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$. MʸÁ≥#μÀ$, ›ÎÁ‹ΔÊˇ$œ,
–˲$*ô˲À$V> EÖ^Û˛ ı≥œr$œ, ªoÃå˝fi, Á‹*μØ˲$œ,
Vʸ«sÒ˝À$, B‡ΔÊˇÖ –˲yÏ˛zÖ^˲yÈ∞Mϸ
EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*WÖ^Û˛ ¥Î{ô˲À$, yÏ˛Ø˲≤Δäˇ Ú‹r$œ ——´ßÊ˛
¥ÎœÌ‹tMä¸ Eô˲μô˲$¢À —∞ƒÒ˝*VÊ¸Ö CsÓ˝–˲À
Vʸ◊˝±ƒÊ˝$ÖV> Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ô˲Ø˲≤®.
–˛$À–˛$OØå˛ ¥˘–å˛$AÃå˝ yÏ˛Úfl˝Oyä˛ AØÛ˛ £Ê˛Δ¯√ Ú‹sÏ˝tÖVä¸
¥ÎœÌ‹tMä¸ –˲$$yÏ˛ Á≥ßÈΔÊˇ¶Öô¯ ô˲ƒÊ˝*ΔÊˇ$^Û˛Á‹$¢Ø˲≤ ——´ßÊ˛ ΔÊˇM>À
Mϸ^˛Øå˛–Û˛Δäˇ, sÙ˝∫$Ãå˝–Û˛Δäˇ Eô˲μô˲$¢À –˲*ΔˇPså˝ ªÍV> –˲ñ®Æ
^˛ÖßÊ˛$ô˲$Ø˲≤®.
Á≥VʸÀ–˲#)
& –ÈÁ‹Ø˲ EÖyÊ˛ßÊ˛$
& –Û˛yÏ˛∞, —ßÊ˛$≈ôå˛ ⁄ÎMʸ$Ø˲$ ô˲r$tM¯VʸÀ–˲#.
& Xô˲À$ Á≥yÛ˛ A–˲M>‘Ë˝Ö EÖyÊ˛ßÊ˛$.
& ∫ΔÊˇ$–˲# ô˲Mʸ$P–˲V> EÖsÍΔˇ$$.
& sÍMϸfiMä¸ ÀÑʸ◊ÍÀ$ÖyÊ˛–˲#.
& ΔÊˇÖVʸ$À$ ¥˘Mʸ$ÖyÈ EÖyÏ˛, AØÛ˛Mʸ BMʸΔÊˇ¤◊Ó˝ƒÊ˝$–˛$OØ˲ ΔÊˇÖVʸ$ÃZœ
ô˲ƒÊ˝*» ›Î´ßÊ˛≈Ö.
& BMʸΔÊˇ¤◊Ó˝ƒÊ˝$–˛$OØ˲ yÏ˛gÒ˝OØ˲œÃZ ô˲ƒÊ˝*» ›Î´ßÊ˛≈Ö.
& Ô‹tÃå˝, V>k Eô˲μô˲$¢Àô¯ ¥˘Õı‹¢ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ Mʸ*yÈ ô˲Mʸ$P–˲V>
EÖr$Ö®.
Ú≥O AØ˲$Mʸ*À M>ΔÊˇ◊ÍÀ –˲Àœ ØÛ˛yÊ˛$ Á‹Ö{Á≥ßÈƒÊ˝$ Mϸ^˛Øå˛,
sÙ˝∫$Ãå˝–Û˛Δäˇ ›Î¶Ø˲ÖÃZ ¥ÎœÌ‹tMä¸ô¯ ^Û˛Ì‹Ø˲ AÖßÊ˛–˛$OØ˲ Eô˲μô˲$¢À
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–ö˛$Ö®∞ yÏ˛-{Ì‹P-Ì≥t–í˛ sÒ˝Á‹$tMʸ$ Ì≥À$-›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. AMʸPyÊ˛ JMʸ ¥˘Á‹$tMʸ$ –ö˛$$Vʸ$Y«≤ MÛ¸r-W«
Á≥«-´ßÊ˛$-ÀØ˲$ Mʸ*yë ßÊ˛ñÌŸtÃZ Ú≥r$t-Mʸ$∞ GÖÌ≥Mʸ ^Û˛›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. CÖrΔÊˇ*”-≈Mϸ Ì≥Õ--_Ø˲
AøÊ˝≈ΔÊˇ$-ÀMʸ$ Δ>Ø˲$-¥˘Ø˲$ ΔˇÖy¯ ô˲ΔÊˇ-VÊ¸Ü ΔˇOÀ$ ^È»jÀ$ ^˛Õœ-›Î¢ΔÊˇ$.
The Structure for Screening Test and Main Exam is as
under:
(i) Structure of Screening Test
No. Name of Tests
1
English Language
No.of
Qs.
30
2
3
Quantitative Aptitude
Reasoning Ability
Total
35
35
100
Marks Duration
35
35
100
30
Composite
time of 1 hour
(ii) Structure of Main Examination (for Generalist)
No. Name of Tests
No.of
Marks Duration
–ö˛$Ø˲ ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ÖÃZ Ω–ö˛* ΔÊˇÖV>-∞Mϸ Á‹Ö∫Ö-´®Ö_ ^ÈÃÍ Ú≥ßÊ˛™ ^˲«-{ôÛ˛ EÖ®.
–ö˛$Ø˲$ (–ö˛$Ø˲$-Á‹$-√ñÜ), ƒÊ˝*fq-–È-ÀP≈ (´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ√-‘È--Á‹à), M˙sÏ˝À≈ (AΔÊˇ¶‘È-Á‹à)-ΔÊˇ-^˲Ø˲-ÃZœØÛ˛ Ω–ö˛* {Á≥›Î¢-–ö˛Ø˲ EÖ®. ∞´ßÊ˛$À Á‹“$-Mʸ-ΔÊˇ◊˝, {Á≥MʸñÜ –˛OÁ≥-»-ôÈ≈À$
GßÊ˛$ΔˇO-Ø˲-Á≥#μyÊ˛$ Á≥ÖÌ≥◊Ó˝ Á‹ÖßÊ˛-Δ>¬ÃZœ Ω–ö˛* AÖ‘ÈÀØ˲* Á‹μñ’Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$. ô˲ΔÊˇ–ÈÜ Δ¯kÃZœ ¥Î‘Èaô˲≈ ßÛ˛‘ÈÀ$ –ö˛$$Q≈ÖV> CÖVʸœÖyä˛ Ø˲$Ö_ Ω–ö˛*
–ö˛$Ø˲Mʸ$ ®Vʸ$-–ö˛$Ü AΔˇ$$Ö®. K«ƒÒ˝$-Ö-rÃå˝ ÃÒ˝Oãú CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi HΔ>μr$ô¯
1818ÃZ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi M>ΔÊˇ≈-Mʸ-ÃÍ-¥ÎÀ$ Ú≥«-V>Δˇ$$. AΔˇ$$ôÛ˛ B MʸÖÚ≥±
1834ÃZ –ö˛$*ô˲-Á≥-yÏ˛Ö®. ô˲ΔÊˇ-–ÈÜ Δ¯kÃZœ –ö˛$«-Mˆ∞≤ MʸÖÚ≥-±À$ HΔ>μrƒÊ˝*≈Δˇ$$. {ºsÏ˝ãŸ –ö˛À-Á‹-¥Î-ÀØ˲ Δ¯kÀ$ M>–ö˛yÊ˛Öô¯ ¥Î‘Èa-ô˲≈ {Á≥øÍ–ö˛Ö
CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi ΔÊˇÖVʸÖÚ≥O Mʸ*yë Á≥yÏ˛Ö®.
AØÛ˛M>-ØÛ˛Mʸ Á≥«-◊Í-–ö˛*À AØ˲Öô˲ΔÊˇÖ, ›Î”ô˲Ö-{ôÈ≈-Ø˲Ö-ô˲ΔÊˇÖ 1950
CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi A–˛$Öyä˛-–˛$Öså˝ BMä¸t {Á≥M>ΔÊˇÖ {Ì≥∞fi-Á≥Ãå˝ HgÒ˝±fiÀ$ ΔÊˇßÊ˛™ƒÊ˝*≈-Δˇ$$. AΔˇ$$Ø˲-Á≥μ-sÏ˝MÓ¸ AÁ≥μsZœ Ú≥ßÊ˛™ Á‹ÖQ≈--ÃZØÛ˛ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi
Á‹ÖÁ‹¶À$ Á≥∞ ^Û˛Á‹*¢ EÖyÛ˛—. AØ˲$_ô˲ —´ßë-ØÈ-ÀMʸ$ ¥ÎÀμ-yÊ˛$ô˲*
EÖyÛ˛—. BΔ¯Á≥-◊˝À$ Ú‹OôË˛Ö Ú≥ßÊ˛™ Gô˲$¢Ø˲ –ö˛Á‹*¢ EÖyÛ˛—. ßëÖô¯
–Èr-∞≤Ö-sÏ˝± gÍ°ƒÊ˝$Ö ^Û˛ƒÊ˝*-ÀØ˲≤ ∞ΔÊˇ~-ƒÊ˝*-∞Mϸ Á‹”-ô˲Ö{ô˲ øÍΔÊˇô˲
{Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö –ö˛_aÖ®. AÖßÊ˛$Mʸ$ AØ˲$Vʸ$-◊˝ÖV> 1956 fØ˲-–ö˛« 19Ø˲
B«zØ˛Øå˛fi gÍ» ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®. 154 øÍΔÊˇ°ƒÊ˝$, 16 øÍΔÊˇ-°-ƒÙ˝$-ô˲-ΔÊˇ, 75
{¥Î—--y˛Öyä˛ ›˜Ú‹O-sÓ˝À$, 245 øÍΔÊˇô˲, —ßÛ˛÷ CØ˲*fiΔÊˇΔÊˇœô¯ MʸÕÌ≥ ÃÒ˝Oãú
CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi M>Δˆμ-ΔÛˇ-ÁŸØå˛ Bãú CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝* HΔ>μsÒ˝OÖ®. 1990 –ö˛ΔÊˇMʸ$
GÃå˝IÌ‹ Áfl˝–È MˆØ˲-›Î-WÖ®.
fØ˲-ΔÊˇÃå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi —ÁŸ-ƒÊ˝*-∞Mϸ –ö˛ı‹¢ ¥Î«-{‘È-—$Mʸ —Á≥œ–ö˛Ö ô˲ΔÊˇ–Èô˲ BΔÊˇÖøÊ˝-–˛$OÖ®. Á‹–ö˛$${ßÊ˛ –È◊Ï˝f≈Ö CÖßÊ˛$Mʸ$ Á≥#ØÈ® –Û˛Ì‹Ö®.
{ºsÏ˝-㟠Áfl˝-ƒÊ˝*ÖÃZ 1850ÃZ MʸÀ-Mʸ-ôÈ¢ÃZ fØ˲-ΔÊˇÃå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi MʸÖÚ≥-±
HΔ>μsÒ˝OÖ®. 1907ÃZ CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ –ö˛$ΔÊˇPÖ-sÒ˝Ãå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi HΔ>μsÒ˝OÖ®.
ô˲ßë-®V> A∞≤ ΔÊˇM>À fØ˲-ΔÊˇÃå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi M>ΔÊˇ≈-Mʸ-ÃÍ-¥ÎÀ$ BΔÊˇÖøÊ˝–ö˛$-ƒÊ˝*≈Δˇ$$. CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi A›˘Ì‹-ƒÙ˝$-ÁŸØå˛ Bãú CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝* —øÍ-Vʸ-ÖV>
1957ÃZ fØ˲-ΔÊˇÃå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi M˙∞fiÃå˝ HΔÊˇμyÏ˛Ö®. 1960ÃZ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi
^˲sÍt-∞Mϸ Á‹–ö˛-ΔÊˇ-◊˝À$ ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$. 1972ÃZ fØ˲-ΔÊˇÃå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇ-Øå˛fiØ˲$ ^˲rtÖ
ßë”Δ> gÍ°ƒÊ˝$Ö ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$. 107 CØ˲*fiΔÊˇΔÊˇ$œ ØÈÀ$Vʸ$ MʸÖÚ≥-±-À$V>
–ö˛*Δ>Δˇ$$. ØÛ˛ÁŸ-Ø˲Ãå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi MʸÖÚ≥± Õ—$-sÒ˝yä˛, Ø˲*≈ CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*
AÁ‹*≈ΔˇØå˛fi MʸÖÚ≥-± Õ—$--sÒ˝yä˛, K«ƒÒ˝$Öså˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi MʸÖÚ≥± Õ—$sÒ˝yä˛, ƒÊ˝$$Ø˛O-sÒ˝yä˛ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi MʸÖÚ≥± Õ—$-sÒ˝yä˛V> HΔ>μr-ƒÊ˝*≈Δˇ$$.
1971ÃZ HΔ>μsÒ˝OØ˲ fØ˲-ΔÊˇÃå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi M>Δˆμ-ΔÛˇ-ÁŸØå˛ Bãú CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*
1973 Ø˲$Ö_ M>ΔÊˇ≈-Mʸ-ÃÍ-¥Î-ÀØ˲$ BΔÊˇÖ¿Ö-_Ö®.
BÚ≥O –ö˛$ÃZ·{ôÈ Mʸ—$sÓ˝ ∞–Û˛-®Mʸ {Á≥M>ΔÊˇÖ, CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi ΔˇVʸ$≈-ÃÙ˝-r»
AÖyä˛ y˛–ö˛-À-ã≥-–˛$Öså˝ A£ë«sÓ˝ (IBΔäˇyÏ˛G)∞ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲”Ö HΔ>μr$
^Û˛Ì‹Ö®. A߯ Á‹”ô˲Ö-{ô˲-{Á≥-Ü-Á≥Ü¢ MʸÕ-WØ˲ Á‹ÖÁ‹¶. 2000 BVʸÁ‹$tÃZ
—ßÛ˛÷ MʸÖÚ≥-±À$ 26 ‘ÈôË˛Ö –ÈsÍ ¥˜ÖßÛ˛Ö-ßÊ˛$Mʸ$ A–ö˛M>‘Ë˝Ö MʸÕμÖ_Ö®. AßÛ˛ Hyë® yÏ˛Ú‹Ö--∫-ΔäˇÃZ fØ˲-ΔÊˇÃå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇ-Øå˛fi AØ˲$∫Ö´ßÊ˛
—øÍ-V>-ÀØ˲$ Á‹”ô˲Ö{ô˲ MʸÖÚ≥-±-À$V> –ö˛*Δ>aΔÊˇ$
D Δ¯k CÌ‹h-Ì‹, A{WMʸ-Àa-ΔÊˇÃå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi M>Δˆμ-ΔÛˇ-ÁŸØå˛ Bãú CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*
Á‹‡ 28 fØ˲-ΔÊˇÃå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi MʸÖÚ≥-±À$, 24 ÃÒ˝Oãú CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi MʸÖÚ≥-±À$
–ö˛$Ø˲ ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ÖÃZ Á≥∞ ^Û˛Á‹$-¢-ØÈ≤Δˇ$$. AÃÍVÛ¸ 15 Ø˲$Ö_ 20 ‘ÈôË˛Ö Ú≥ΔÊˇ$-Vʸ$ßÊ˛-ÀØ˲$ Ø˲–˛*ßÊ˛$ ^Û˛Á‹$¢-ØÈ≤Δˇ$$. ªÍ≈MϸÖ-Vä¸ô¯ MʸÕ-Ì≥ôÛ˛ –ö˛$Ø˲ ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ hyÏ˛-Ì≥ÃZ
HyÊ˛$ ‘ÈôË˛Ö –ÈsÍØ˲$ MʸÕ-W EØÈ≤Δˇ$$. {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” ΔÊˇÖVʸ fØ˲-ΔÊˇÃå˝ CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi
MʸÖÚ≥-±À$ {Á≥´ßë-Ø˲ÖV> ØÈÀ$Vʸ$ EØÈ≤Δˇ$$. “sÏ˝ÃZ ΔˇÖyÊ˛$ MʸÖÚ≥-±À$
{Á≥Á‹$¢ôË˛Ö E߯≈V>-ÀMʸ$ {Á≥Mʸ-r-Ø˲À$ —yÊ˛$-ßÊ˛À ^Û˛‘È-Δˇ$$.
& {¥Îô˲*-« -¥˘-ô˲ƒÊ˝$≈‘Ë˝ΔÊˇ√
❍
ƒÊ˝$$Ø˛O-sÒ˝yä˛ CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝* CØ˲*fiΔˇØå˛fi MʸÖÚ≥±
1
Reasoning
2
3
4
English Language
Quantitative Aptitude
General Awareness
(with special reference
to Financial Sector)
Computer Literacy
Total
5
3
Qs.
50
50
40
50
40
50
Composite
timeof 2 hours
4
5
40
20
200
40
20
200
Quantitative Aptitude&
Computer Literacy
40
General Awareness
(with special reference
to Financial Sector)
40
An additional test to
assess technical &
professional knowledge
in relevant discipline 40
Total
200
(iii) Structure of Main Examination (for Specialist)
(iv ) Descriptive Test:
No. Name of Tests
1
Reasoning
No.of
Qs.
40
2
English Language
40
Marks Duration
No. Name of Tests
40
1
40
Composite
time of 2hours
No.of
Qs.
Essay writing/précis
writing & Letterwriting 2
❍
❍
❍
40
❍
❍
40
❍
❍
40
200
❍
Marks Duration
--
30 minutes
Ø˲*≈ CÖyÏ˛-ƒÊ˝*
AÁ‹*≈ΔˇØå˛fi MʸÖÚ≥-±
BÔúã‹ A-Ì‹-Ú‹tÖ-så˝fi
R͉À Á‹ÖQ≈:
AΔÊˇ·ô˲:
ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ-RÍÁ‹$¢
BQΔÊˇ$-ôÛ˛®:
Á≥»Ñʸ ôÛ˛®:
Á≥»Ñʸ Ôú-k:
1536
60% –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$P-Àô¯ CÖrΔäˇ / Hß˛OØÈ yÏ˛{X
2014, Ø˲-–ö˛Ö∫Δäˇ 10
2015, fØ˲-–ö˛« 17, 18, 24
ΔÊˇ*.500/& (GÔ‹fi, GÔ‹t, Ì≥yÊ˛-∫$œ≈yÏ˛,
–ö˛$Ìfl˝-‚Ê˝À$ ΔÊˇ*.50/&)
AyÏ˛√∞-{ı‹t-sÏ˝–í˛ BÔú-Á‹Δäˇfi
R͉À Á‹ÖQ≈:
AΔÊˇ·ô˲:
ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ-RÍÁ‹$¢
BQΔÊˇ$-ôÛ˛®:
Á≥»Ñʸ ôÛ˛®:
Á≥»Ñʸ Ôú-k:
509
Hß˛OØÈ yÏ˛{X
2014, Ø˲-–ö˛Ö∫Δäˇ 3
2015, fØ˲-–ö˛« 10, 11
ΔÊˇ*.600/& (GÔ‹fi, GÔ‹t, Ì≥yÊ˛-∫$œ≈yÏ˛,
–ö˛$Ìfl˝-‚Ê˝À$ ΔÊˇ*.50/&)
Á≥»-Ñʸ -—-´ßë-Ø˲Ö
Assistants
No Name of Test (Objective)
1
2
3
4
5
Test of Reasoning
Test of English Language
Test of General Awareness
Test of Numerical Ability
Computer Knowledge
TOTAL (Aggregate)
Duration
Maxi.
Marks
50
50
50
50
50
250
120 Min.
Adm.Officers (Generalist)
No Name of Test (Objective)
1
2
3
4
Test of Reasoning
Quantitative Aptituted
Test of English Language
Test of General Awareness
TOTAL (Aggregate)
Duration
Maxi.
Marks
50
50
50
50
200
120 Min.
Adm.Officers (Specialist)
No Name of Test (Objective)
1
2
3
4
5
Test of Reasoning
Quantitative Aptituted
Test of English Language
Test of General Awareness
Professional Knowledge
TOTAL (Aggregate)
Duration
Maxi.
Marks
40
40
40
40
40
200
120 Min.
Publication of Advertisement in Newspaper 29/10/2014
Online Registration commences from - 29/10/2014
Last Date of online Registration - 18/11/2014
Payment of Application Fees/Intimation charges 29/10/2014 to 18/11/2014
Date of Screening Test - Last week of December 2014
Date of Main Exam & Descriptive test - Third/Last week
of January 2015
Downloading of Call letters for Screening Test - 10 days
prior to the date of exam
Downloading of Call letters for Main Exam & descriptive test - 10 days prior to the date of exam
Submission of list of successful candidates for Interview
- February 2015
Application Fees •
SC/ ST/ Persons with Disability (PWD),
Employees of UIIC - Rs. 100/• All others Rs. 500/
website:www.uiic.co.in
Permanent
Á´≥®Ö_»ÑʸΔ>ªZƒÙ
Á‹Ø˲≤-ßÊ˛Æ-ô˲Mʸ$ Á‹Ö∫Ö˝$ Δ¯k-ÃZœØÛ˛
∑ ›˘–˲$–ÈΔÊˇÖ
5
M>≈så˝ ›Îâr-i
«—-fØå˛ & –ö˛*Mä¸-sÒ˝-ã‹t
Vʸ◊˝-±-ƒÊ˝$-–˛$OØ˲ –ö˛*ΔÊˇ$μÀ$
^¯r$-^Û˛-Á‹$-Mʸ$Ö-sÍΔˇ$$. C®
AøÊ˝≈ΔÊˇ$À$ ªÍV> Vʸ$ΔÊˇ$¢-Ú≥r$t-M¯-–È-ÕfiØ˲ —ÁŸ-ƒÊ˝$Ö
—ÁŸ-ƒÊ˝$Ö.
Vʸô˲Öô¯ ¥˘À$a-Mʸ$ÖsÙ˝,
AßÊ˛Ø˲ÖV> –ö˛$Δ¯ –ö˛$*yÊ˛$
ØÈÀ$Vʸ$ {Á≥‘Ë˝≤-ÀMʸ$ Á‹–ö˛*´ßë-ØÈ-ÀØ˲$ Vʸ$«¢Ö-^Û˛Ö-ßÊ˛$Mʸ$ ƒÊ˝$Ü≤ı‹¢, Á‹μÁŸt-–˛$OØ˲ MʸsÍãú, ßë∞Mϸ ô¯yÊ˛$
–ö˛$Ö_ Á≥ΔÊˇfiÖ-sÒ˝OÃå˝ ›Î´®Ö^Û˛ “À$ EÖr$Ö®. BMʸ$≈ΔÊˇÌ‹ Mʸ*yë ßë∞Mϸ ô¯y˛OôÛ˛
CMʸ ÜΔÊˇ$VÛ¸ EÖyÊ˛ßÊ˛$. –ö˛*Mä¸ sÒ˝Á‹$tÃZœ Mʸ∞-Ì≥Ö-^˲∞ Á≥Δäˇ-∏Î-Δˇ√Øå˛fi AÁ≥#μyÛ˛ {Á≥Á‹$πr-–ö˛$-–ö˛#-ô˲$Ö®.
–˛$$rt-–˛$$-ßÊ˛sÏ˝ —ÁŸƒÊ˝$Ö, Á≥»-ÑʸÃZ AyÏ˛VÛ¸ A∞≤ H«ƒÊ˝*À$ & Á‹ªå˝
H«ƒÊ˝*ÃZœ ÃZô˛OØ˲ {Ì≥Á≥-ΔÛˇ-ÁŸØå˛ ›ÎWÖ-^ÈÕ. EßëÁfl˝-ΔÊˇ-◊˝Mʸ$ M>”ÖsÏ˝-sÙ˝-sÏ˝–í˛
GºÕ-sÓ˝ÃZ JMʸsÏ˝ ΔˇÖyÊ˛$ sÍÌ≥Mä¸fi —yÏ˛-_-Ú≥-sÙ˝tı‹¢ –ö˛$Ö_-ßÊ˛-∞ MˆÖßÊ˛ΔÊˇ$ øÍ—›Î¢ΔÊˇ$. –˛ΔÊˇæÃå˝ GºÕ-sÓ˝Ú≥O Á≥r$t-M¯-Á‹Ö {V>–ö˛$-Δäˇ∞ –ö˛®-Õ-Ú≥-yÊ˛-ôÈΔÊˇ$. AÃÍÖsÏ˝
øÍ–ö˛-Ø˲Ø˲$ ßÊ˛«-^Û˛-ΔÊˇ-±-ƒÊ˝$-–ö˛ßÊ˛$™. Á≥»Ñʸ —´ßë-ØË˛Ö ∞«™-ÁŸtÖV> CÃÍ EÖ
r$ÖßÊ˛∞ FÌfl˝Ö^˲-ÃÙ˝∞ »ÜÃZ M>≈så˝ EÖr$Ö®. AÃÍÖr-Á≥#μyÊ˛$ GÖÌ≥Mʸ
^Û˛Á‹$-Mʸ$∞ {Ì≥Á≥-ΔÛˇ-ÁŸØå˛ GØ˲≤sÓ˝Mϸ –ö˛$Ö_ ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$-ªZßÊ˛$. {Á≥‘Ë˝≤À Á‹ÖQ≈Ø˲$
Ú≥Ö_Ø˲ D ô˲ΔÊˇ$-◊˝ÖÃZ GÖÌ≥Mʸ ^Û˛Á‹$-Mʸ$ØÛ˛ —´ßëØË˛Ö AÖsÙ˝ G–ö˛« VˆƒÊ˝$≈
–ÈΔÊˇ$ ô˲–ö˛#”-M¯-–ö˛yÊ˛Ö MϸÖßÊ˛ ÃÒ˝MʸP. ô˲–ö˛$Mʸ$ ›˚Mʸ-ΔÊˇ≈ÖV> ÃÙ˝∞ sÍÌ≥Mä¸fi Ú‹Oô˲Ö
Mʸ–ö˛Δäˇ ^Û˛ı‹¢ØÛ˛ –ÈsÏ˝ÃZ –ö˛^Û˛a Á‹$À$-–˛OØ˲ {Á≥‘Ë˝≤-ÀMʸ$ Á‹–ö˛*-´ßëØË˛Ö C–ö˛”Vʸ-À$Vʸ$-ôÈΔÊˇ$. AÁ≥#μyÊ˛$ ı≥Á≥Δäˇ MʸÁŸtÖV> ÃÙ˝Mʸ$ÖsÙ˝ “$yÏ˛ƒÊ˝$Ö ÃÒ˝–˛-Ãå˝ÃZ EØ˲≤Á≥μsÏ˝MÓ¸ C∫æÖ® ÃÙ˝Mʸ$Öyë —f-ƒÊ˝*-∞Mϸ ^Û˛ΔÊˇ$–ö˛ M>Vʸ-À$-Vʸ$-ôÈ-ΔÊˇ$.
–˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝ ƒÊ˝$ô˲≤Ö-ÃZ {Á≥‘Ë˝≤-ÀØ˲$ AsÒ˝Öã≥t ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$-yÊ˛ÖÃZ –Û˛VÊ¸Ö Ú≥ΔÊˇ-V>Õ.
AÖßÊ˛$M¯Á‹Ö Ô‹μyä˛ –Û˛$£ä˛-fi sÒ˝Mϸ≤-Mä¸fiØ˲$ ªÍV> {¥ÎMÓ¸tã‹ ^Û˛ƒÊ˝*Õ. {¥ÎªÒ˝œ–í˛$fi
›ÎÕ”Ö-Vä¸ÃZ øÍVʸÖV> Á‹–ö˛*-´ßëØË˛Ö Δ>Mʸ$ÖsÙ˝ –˛ÖsÙ˝ØÛ˛ Ô‹μyä˛ sÒ˝Mϸ≤Mä¸ –˛OÁ≥#
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{Ì≥Á≥-ΔÛˇ-ÁŸ-Øå˛ÃZ D›Î« GMʸP–ö˛ Δ¯kÀ$ Vʸô˲
Hyë® f«-W-Ø˲ Á≥»Ñʸ Á≥ßÊ˛Æ-Ü-ÃZØÛ˛ ›ÎWÖ®.
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VʸyÊ˛$-–ö˛#Ø˲$ Ú≥Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$.
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{Ì≥Á≥-ΔÛˇ-ÁŸØå˛ ›ÎW-Ö-^ÈΔÊˇ$.
Á≥»-ÑϸÖ^Û˛ —´ßë-Ø˲ÖÃZ
–ö˛*ΔÊˇ$μ EÖyÊ˛ªZ-ßÊ˛Ø˲≤
Ø˲–ö˛$√-MʸÖÃZ EÖyÏ˛¥˘ƒÊ˝*ΔÊˇ$.
6
3-11-2014 ∑
›˘–ö˛$-–È-ΔÊˇÖ
GENERAL ENGLISH
1. An unexpected(A)/ communal violence(B)/ was broken out in (C) / the old
city last month (D) /no error(E)
2. The doctor suggested(A)/ to me that(B)/ I
should be taken exercises(C)/ at least an
hour daily(D)/ No error(E)
3. We were(A)/ extremely surprised(B)/ by
the poor results(C)/ of the rural branches(D)/ No error(E)
4. When the leader(A)/ was shot dead(B)/ all
his flowers(C)/ were run away(D) / No
error(E)
5. The separation of (A) the family had
been(B)/affected all the members(C)/ of
the family a lot(D) / No error(E)
6. 'A multi speciality hospital(A)/ is to
build(B)/ in this city' (C)/ said the minister to the reportes(D)/ No error(E)
7. Based on the circumstances(A)/ those
prevailed(B) at the time(C)/ he was taken
that decision(D)/ No error(E)
8. By whom(A)/ was he helped(B) when he
seriously suffered(C)/ from economic crisis(D)/ No error(E)
9. She was said(A)/ to have been stood(B)/
in the first place(C) because of her hard
work(D)/ No error(E)
10. Many of the passengers(A) are not able to
reach(B)/ the destination because(C) / the
buses detained by the agitators(D)/ No
error(E)
11. She was very much(A) annoyed by her
friend's(B)/ unreasonable behaviour(C)/
before the classmates(D)/ No error(E)
12. They were(A)/ kindly requested me(B)/ to
attend the meeting(C)/ and address the
students(D)/ No error(E)
13. The minister started(A)/ the showroom
and (B)/ was hoped that(C)/ it would succeed greatly(D) No error(E)
14. The police inspector was sent(A)/ to the
scene of (B)/ offence to investigative(C)/
and collect evidence(D)/ No error(E)
15.To draw the attention of(A)/ the public, the
leader(B)/ urged the audience that(C)/
they should be listened to him(D)/ No
error(E)
16. Had the doctor(A)/ come in time(B)/ the
patient(C)/ would have saved(D) No
error(E)
17. The thieves were broken(A)/into the shop
(B)/and stole valuble phones(C)/ and
recharge coupons(D)/ No error(E)
18. The teachers and the principal(A)/ are
BANK
EXAMS
time(B)/ I would have injured(C)/ in the
hands of those rogues(D)/ No error(E)
22. The principal asked the students(A)/
whether they could tell(B) the name of the
scientist(C)/ who had been invented
Radio(D)/ No error(E)
23. He advised by me(A)/ to work hard(B)/ in
order to(C)/ get good marks (D) / No
error(E)
25.Dogs can recognize(A)/ the persons(B)/
who are treated(C)/ them kindly(D)/ No
error(E)
26.The reporter says that(A)/ a scholar of (B)/
the university has been (C) run over by a
car(D) / No error(E)
27. It is said (A)/ by the minister that(B)/ the
new drugs are to sell (C)/ in all medical
stores(D)/ No error(E)
Error Location
bent on(B)/ prohibiting mobile phones
(C)/ in the class room(D)/ No error(E)
19. Though the beds(A)/ are arranged(B)/ For
the guests(C)/ they have not been
slept(D)/ No error(E)
20. The
writhing
patient(A)/
was
approached(B)/ the doctor and requested
him(C)/ to reduce his pain(D)/ No
error(E)
21. Had the police(A) not reached on
EXPLANATION
1. (C) 'Broke out' should be used because 'violence is the
doer'. It 'broke out', but not 'was broken out'.
2. (C) 'I should take' should be used.
3. (C)'at the poor results' is preferable because surprised
must be followed by 'at'
4. (D) 'run away' should be used. The followers 'ran away'
but not 'were run away'. There is no passive form for 'run'.
5. (B) 'had affected' should be used been 'must' be removed.
6. (B)is to be built 'should' be used.
Am to/is to /are to +v, (Root form) should be used in
active voice. am to/is to/are to +be+v3 should be used in
passive voice.
I am to lend money - A.V
money is to be lent by me -P.V
7. (D)'he took the decision' should be used because 'he' is
the doer.
8. (C) 'he was seriously suffered should be used because he
had not suffered anyone but he was suffered.
9. (B) 'to have stood' must be used because 'she' is the doer.
10. (D) 'are detained' is used because 'the buses' is the subject
and they are not doing any work. They are detained by
some rogues.
11. (B) 'at her friend's should be used. 'Annoy with' is used
before persons 'annoy at' is used with some qualities.
- I was annoyed with my friend.
- I was annoyed at her conduct.
12. (A) 'were' must be removed. we have to use only 'they
requested' because 'they' are doing the work.
13. (C) 'was' should be removed, because the two actions
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28. I was shocking(A)/ to see that(B) / only
25 percent of the students (C)/ had
secured pass marks(D)/ No error(E)
29. Five People killed(A)/ and a body
was(B)/ seriously injured in the accident
(C)/ that took place yesterday(D)/ No
error(E)
30. The traveller passing(A)/ through the
desert(B)/puzzled
when
he
discovered(C)/ the foot prints on the
were done by the same subject.
- He went and bought a car yesterday.
- She has come and met me..
In the same way ''the minister started the show room and
hoped that'' should be used.
(E) No error.
(D) 'they should listen' should be used. It requires active
voice.
(D) 'would have been saved' should be used. because 'the
patient' is not doing any work. 'He' simply had been
saved.
(A) 'broke into' should be used. because 'the thieves' are
doers and it should be in active voice.
(B) 'are' should be removed because it should be in active
voice.
(D) 'been' must be removed it because it requires active
voice only.
(B) 'was' must be removed. The patient approached the
doctor must be used here.
(C) 'I would have been injured' should be used because 'I'
is not the doer'.
(D) 'been' must be removed. 'who had invented' must be
used.
(A) 'He' was advised by me' should be used because 'I
advised him' and 'he' was not the doer.
(A) 'enrolled' should be used, because the names are
enrolled.
(C) 'Who treat' should be used because the persons are
doers and they are treating the dogs kindly.
(E) No error
(C) 'New drugs are to be sold' should be used. see the
O. Sreenivasa Reddy,
English faculty, Anantapur.
[email protected]
sand(D)/ No error(E)
31. Every step taken(A)/ by the governament(B) to establish peace and harmony(C)/ in the state will appreciate(D)/ No
error(E)
32. Receiving whatever (A) the life offers(B)
/ is a pleasure (C)/ to the brave(D)/ no
error(E)
33. The solution will be come (A)/ surely
but(B) what he required(C)/ most is
patience(D)/ No error(E)
34. The constables(A)/ who were patrolling
(B)/ in the colony were(C)/ discovered the
stolen jewellary(D) / No error(E)
35. The matter was (A) / looked in (B)/ so
seriously by the principal(C)/ that he
lodged a complaint(D) No error(E)
36. The parents kicked(A)/ the boy out of
home(B)/ only because(C)/ he was married a tribal woman(D)/ No error(E)
37. By whom (A)/the prayer song is (B)/sung
every day (C)/ in the school? (D)/No
error(E)
38. Gandhiji is hold(A)/in higher esteem (B)
than any other(C)/ leader in india(D)/ No
error(E)
39. The robbers were (A)/robbed of the old
man (B)/and threw him(C)/on the trash
heap(D)/No error(E)
40. I advised(A) the members of the family(B)/ to inform the police about (C)/ the
theft in their house(D)/No error(E)
explanation of Q.NO.6
28. (A) 'I was shocked' should be used because 'I' is the
receiver of the action and should be used in passive voice.
29. (A) 'were killed' should be used, because it requires passive voice. people were killed but not people killed anyone.
30. (B) 'was' should be added after the desert the traveller
was puzzled but not had puzzled anyone.
31. (D) 'will be appreciated' should be used. 'The step' is the
subject and it is the received and it will be appreciated.
32. (E) No error.
33. (A) 'The solution' will come should be used.
34. (C) 'were' should be removed, because it requires active
voice. the constables discovered something but not were
discovered by someone.
35. (B) 'looked into' should be used. in the meaning of 'examine', we have to use look into.
36. (D) 'he had married' should be used. the structure of interrogative sentence is 'wh' word must be followed by helping verb but not the subject.
- By whom the chair was broken (x)
By whom was the chair was broken (✓)
-How the factory is run by them? (x)
How is the factory run by them? (✓)
38. (A) 'Gandhiji is held' should be used because 'Gandhiji
is not the doer here. In passive voice, we have to use
'v3' after the helping verb.
39. (A) 'were' should be removed because the subject, the
robbers is doer but not the receiver. so 'the robbers robbed
of the old man' should be used.
40. (A) No error.
3-11-2014 ∑
IyÏ˛ºI(CÖyÊ˛Ì‹âƒÊ˝$Ãå˝ y˛–˲Àã≥–˛$Öså˝ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸
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¥Î«{‘È—$Mʸ Á≥#Ø˲@∞Δ>√◊Í∞Mϸ —ô˲¢ Á‹‡ƒÊ˝$Ö
^Û˛ƒÊ˝$yÈ∞Mϸ ›Î¶Ì≥Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$.
1985ÃZ ©∞∞ CÖyÊ˛Ì‹âƒÊ˝$Ãå˝ «MʸØ˲Á‹âÑʸØå˛ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸ Bãú
CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝* (IBΔäˇºI)V> –˲*Δ>aΔÊˇ$.
1997ÃZ IBΔäˇºI∞ IIºI (CÖyÊ˛Ì‹âƒÊ˝$Ãå˝
CØ˛”ã‹t–˛$Öså˝ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸ Bãú CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*) V> –˲*Δ>aΔÊˇ$.
GWj–å˛$ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸
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1982ÃZ ›Î¶Ì≥Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$.
GVʸ$–˲$Ü, ®Vʸ$–˲$ÜßÈΔÊˇ$ÀMʸ$ ΔÊˇ$◊˝ ›˚MʸΔÊˇ≈Ö M¯Á‹Ö
GWj–å˛$ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸Ø˲$ ›Î¶Ì≥Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$.
GWj–å˛$ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸ GVʸ$–˲$ÜßÈΔÊˇ$ÀMʸ$ –˲$´ßÊ˛≈ M>ÕMʸ,
©ΔÊˇÉM>ÕMʸ ΔÊˇ$◊ÍÀØ˲$, ®Vʸ$–˲$ÜßÈΔÊˇ$ÀMʸ$ Á‹”ÀμM>ÕMʸ
ΔÊˇ$◊ÍÀØ˲$ CÁ‹$¢Ö®.
Gã‹IyÏ˛ºI(›Î√Ãå˝ CÖyÊ˛Ô‹âã‹ y˛–˲Àã≥–˛$Öså˝
ªÍ≈ÖMä¸ Bãú CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*)
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©∞∞ 1990ÃZ ›Î¶Ì≥Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$
_Ø˲≤ ô˲ΔÊˇ‡ Á‹ÖÁ‹¶ÀMʸ$ —ô˲¢ Á‹‡ƒÊ˝$Ö ^Û˛ı‹ Á‹ÖÁ‹¶ÃZœ
’QΔ>{Vʸ Á‹ÖÁ‹¶V> Á≥∞^Û˛Á‹$¢Ö®
Gã‹IyÏ˛ºI _Ø˲≤ ô˲ΔÊˇ‡ Á≥«{‘Ë˝–˲$ÀMʸ$ —ô˲¢
Á‹‡ƒÊ˝$Ö ^Û˛ı‹ Á‹ÖÁ‹¶ÀMʸ$ » ÚúOØÈØå˛fi ^Û˛Á‹$¢Ö®.
{V>“$◊˝ A–˲›Î¶Á≥Ø˲ ›˚MʸΔ>≈À ∞´®∞ 1995ÃZ
HΔ>μr$ ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$
NPA (Non Performing Assets) ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$À$
{Á≥fÀMʸ$ C_aØ˲ ΔÊˇ$◊ÍÃZœ Ü«W Δ>–˲yÈ∞Mϸ A–˲M>‘Ë˝Ö
ÃÙ˝∞ ΔÊˇ$◊ÍÀ$.
CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*ÃZ {Ú≥O–Û˛r$ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$À ›Î¶Á≥Ø˲Mʸ$ 1993
Ø˲$Ö_ AØ˲$–˲$Ü ∞Á‹$¢ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$.
{Ú≥O–Û˛r$ ΔÊˇÖVʸ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ÃZœ 74 ‘ÈôË˛Ö —ßÛ˛÷ {Á≥ô˲≈Ñʸ
Ú≥r$t∫yÏ˛∞ AØ˲$–˲$Ü ∞Á‹$¢ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$.
2003 Á‹Ö–˲ô˲fiΔÊˇÖÃZ MˆrMä¸ –˲$ıfl˝Ö{ßÈ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸
{Ú≥O–Û˛r$ ΔÊˇÖVʸÖÃZ ›Î¶Ì≥ô˲–˛$OÖ®.
2004 Á‹Ö–˲ô˲fiΔÊˇÖÃZ YES ªÍ≈ÖMä¸ {Ú≥O–Û˛r$
ΔÊˇÖVʸÖÃZ ›Î¶Ì≥ô˲–˛$OÖ®.
1999ÃZ IRDA (Insurance Regulatory
Development Authority)∞ HΔ>μr$ ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$.
1999 Ø˲$Ö_ Ω–Ë˛* ΔÊˇÖVʸÖÃZMϸ {Ú≥O–Û˛r$ Ú≥r$t∫yÏ˛∞,
—ßÛ˛÷ Ú≥r$t∫yÏ˛∞ AØ˲$–˲$ÜÁ‹$¢ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$.
2004 lÃÒ˝O Ø˲$Ö_ Ø˲*ô˲Ø˲ Ú≥Ø˲¤Øå˛ Á≥£Ê˛MÊ¸Ö A–˲$ÃZœMϸ
–˲_aÖ®.
ØÛ˛ÁŸØ˲Ãå˝ CØ˛”ã‹t–˛$Öså˝ ÁúÖyä˛ 2005&06 –È«¤Mʸ
Á‹Ö–˲ô˲fiΔÊˇÖÃZ ›Î¶Ì≥Ö^ÈΔÊˇ$. (ΔÊˇô˲Øå˛sÍsÍ)
1993ÃZ Ø˲*≈ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸ Bãú CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*Ø˲$ Á≥Ögͪå˝
ØÛ˛ÁŸØ˲Ãå˝ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸ÃZ —ŒØË˛Ö ^Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$.
1993 Ø˲$Ö_ ÃZMʸÃå˝ H«ƒÊ˝* ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$À$ {Ú≥O–Û˛r$
ΔÊˇÖVʸÖÃZ ›Î¶Ì≥ô˲–˲$ƒÊ˝*≈Δˇ$$.
2002ÃZ ÃZMʸÃå˝ H«ƒÊ˝* ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$À Ú≥OØ˲ A´ßÊ˛≈ƒÊ˝$Ø˲Ö
^Û˛ƒÊ˝$yÈ∞Mϸ h. Δ>–˲$^˲Ö{ßÊ˛ B´ßÊ˛”ΔÊˇ≈ÖÃZ Mʸ—$sÓ˝
–Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$.
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1999ÃZ GÖ.Gã‹ –˲ΔÊˇ√ Mʸ—$sÏ˝ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” ΔÊˇÖVʸ
ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ÀØ˲$ A´ßÊ˛≈ƒÊ˝$ØË˛Ö ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®.
—^˲Ñʸ◊Íô˲√Mʸ –˲yÓ˛z ΔÛˇr$ Á≥£Ê˛MʸÖ
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1972 Ø˲$Ö_ —^˲Ñʸ◊Íô˲√Mʸ –˲yÓ˛z ΔÛˇr$ Á≥£Ê˛MʸÖ
A–˲$À–˲#ô¯Ö®.
©∞MϸÖßÊ˛ {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” ΔÊˇÖVʸ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$À$ ôÈ–Ë˛$$ C_aØ˲
–˛$$ô˲¢Ö ΔÊˇ$◊ÍÃZœ Mʸ±Á‹Ö 1 ‘ÈôÈ∞≤ 4‘ÈôË˛Ö –˲yÓ˛zMϸ
Á‹–˲*fÖÃZ∞ ı≥ßÊ˛ÃZœ EØ˲≤ ∞ΔÊˇ$ı≥ßÊ˛ÀMʸ$ C–È”Õ.
gÍ°ƒÊ˝$ Ú≥r$t∫yÏ˛ ∞´®(2005&06)Mϸ –˲_aØ˲ Ú≥r$t
∫yÊ˛$À EÁ≥Á‹ÖÁfl˝ΔÊˇ◊˝ ∞´ßÊ˛$ÃZœ 75 ‘ÈôË˛Ö ›Î–˲*hMʸ
ΔÊˇÖV>∞Mϸ, 25 ‘ÈôË˛Ö {Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” ΔÊˇÖVʸ Á‹ÖÁ‹¶À Á≥sÏ˝
⁄Îx∞Mϸ —∞ƒÒ˝*W›Î¢ΔÊˇ$.
›Î–˲*hMʸ ΔÊˇÖVÊ¸Ö Mϸ֮Mϸ MGNREGS, CÖ®Δ>
B–Ègå˝ ƒÒ˝*fØ˲ , Δ>i–å˛ V>Ö´© {V>“$◊˝ —ßÊ˛$≈ôå˛
ƒÒ˝*fØ˲, JNNURM(National Urban
Reneval Mission), –Û˛Vʸ–˲Öô˲–˛$OØ˲ ±sÏ˝¥ÎΔÊˇ$ßÊ˛À
{Á≥ƒÒ˝*fØ˲ Á≥£Ê˛MÊ¸Ö (AIDP), Accerated Power
Reform Development ProgrammeË$
–˲›Î¢Δˇ$$.
I.GÖ.Gãú, {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸
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1944ÃZ ªÒ˝{rØå˛ –˲#yä˛fiÃZ f«WØ˲ Á‹–˲*–Û˛‘Ë˝Ö
ÁúÕô˲ÖV> 1945ÃZ I.GÖ.Gãú ›Î¶Á≥Ø˲ f«WÖ®.
{Á≥Á‹$¢ôË˛Ö I.GÖ.GãúÃZ 188 ßÛ˛‘ÈÀMʸ$ Á‹øÊ˝≈ô˲”Ö EÖ®.
I.GÖ.Gãú Á‹øÊ˝≈ßÛ˛‘ÈÀMʸ$ —ßÛ˛÷ –˲*ΔÊˇMʸ {ßÊ˛–˲≈ ∞À”À
MˆΔÊˇô˲Ø˲$ °ΔÊˇayÈ∞Mϸ AÁ≥#μ∞Á‹$¢Ö®.
2000 ØÈsÏ˝Mϸ øÍΔÊˇô˲ßÛ˛‘Ë˝Ö IGÖGãú ΔÊˇ$◊Í∞≤ Á≥N«¢V>
°«a –Û˛Ì‹Ö®.
{Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$
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1944ÃZ {ºrØå˛–Ë˛#yä˛fiÃZ f«WØ˲ Á‹–˲*–Û˛‘Ë˝ ÁúÕô˲ÖV>
International
Bank
for
1945ÃZ
Reconstruction and development I.º.
BΔäˇ.yÏ˛ ›Î¶Á≥Ø˲ f«WÖ®.
I.º.BΔäˇ.yÏ˛ô¯ ªÍr$ I.yÏ˛.G (International
Development Agency) Mʸ*yÈ Á≥∞^Û˛Á‹$¢Ö®.
IBRD, IDAÀØ˲$ MʸÕÌ≥ {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$(World
Bank) V> –˲≈–˲Áfl˝«›Î¢ΔÊˇ$.
-{Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ B«¶Mʸ –˲≈–˲Á‹¶ Á≥Ø˲@∞Δ>√◊˝Ö M¯Á‹Ö
A¿–˲ñ®Æ Á≥£Ê˛M>À M¯Á‹Ö ΔÊˇ$◊˝ ›˚MʸΔÊˇ≈Ö AÖ®Á‹$¢Ö®.
2010 lÃÒ˝O ØÈsÏ˝Mϸ øÍΔÊˇô˲ ßÛ˛‘Ë˝Ö {Á≥Á≥Ö^˲ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$
ßÊ˛VʸYΔÊˇ °Á‹$MˆØ˲≤ ΔÊˇ$◊˝Ö 83.12 ºÕƒÊ˝$Øå˛ yÈÀΔÊˇ$œ.
{¥Î´ßÈØ˲≈ ΔÊˇÖV>∞≤ HΔÊˇμΔÊˇ^ÈÀ∞ Ì‹∏ÎΔÊˇÁ‹$ ^Û˛Ì‹Ø˲
Mʸ—$sÓ˝ M¸.ƒÊ˝$ã‹. MʸñÁŸ~›Î”—$ Mʸ—$sÏ˝ (20 AÖ‘ÈÀ
M>ΔÊˇ≈{Mʸ–˲$ÖÚ≥O Mʸ—$sÓ˝ –Û˛‘ÈΔÊˇ$).
BΔäˇ.º.I –˛$$ßÊ˛sÏ˝›Î« 1980ÃZ {¥Î´ßÈØ˲≈ ΔÊˇÖVʸÖÚ≥O
–È◊Ï˝f≈ ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ÀMʸ$ Á‹*^˲Ø˲À$ ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®.
{ßÊ˛–˲≈ ΔÊˇÖVʸÖÚ≥O Ì‹∏ÎΔÊˇÁ‹$ ^Û˛Ì‹Ø˲ GÖ. Ø˲ΔÊˇÌ‹ÖÁfl˝Ö
Mʸ—$sÓ˝ –˛$$ô˲¢Ö ΔÊˇ$◊ÍÃZœ {¥Î´ßÈØ˲≈ ΔÊˇÖV>∞Mϸ^Û˛a
ΔÊˇ$◊ÍÀ$ Vʸ«ÁŸxÖV> 10 ‘ÈôË˛Ö EÖyÈÀ∞ ^˛Ì≥μÖ®.
1982ÃZ {ßÊ˛–˲≈ ΔÊˇÖV>∞≤ B^ÈΔÊˇ≈ Á‹$Q–˲$ƒå˝$ ^˲{Mʸ–˲«¢
Mʸ—$sÓ˝ A´ßÊ˛≈ƒÊ˝$ØË˛Ö ^Û˛Ì‹Ö®. D Mʸ—$sÓ˝ 1985ÃZ
AÖßÊ˛gÙ˝Ì‹Ø˲ ô˲Ø˲ ∞–Û˛®MʸÃZ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Ì‹¶ΔÊˇô˲”Ö øÍΔÊˇô˲
{ßÊ˛–˲≈ —´ßÈØË˛Ö {Á≥´ßÈØ˲ ÀÑʸ≈Ö M>–ÈÀ∞ ^˛Ì≥μÖ®.
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö
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´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÃZœ ∞ΔÊˇÖô˲ΔÊˇ Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ßÊ˛ÀØ˲$ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö AÖsÍΔÊˇ$.
©∞∞ ‘Èô˲ÖÃZ ^˛∫$ôÈΔÊˇ$
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊Í∞≤ AÖ^˲ØÈ –Û˛ƒÊ˝$yÊ˛Ö M¯Á‹Ö ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ
Á‹*_MʸØ˲$ ∞«√›Î¢ΔÊˇ$.
B´ßÈΔÊˇ Á‹Ö–˲ô˲fiΔ>À ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Á‹*`∞ 100V>
øÍ—›Î¢ΔÊˇ$.
B´ßÈΔÊˇ Á‹Ö–˲ô˲fiΔÊˇÖ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇMʸ$ B´ßÈΔÊˇ Á‹Ö–˲ô˲fiΔÊˇ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ
Á‹*_ Á‹–˲*Ø˲–˲$∞ øÍ—Ö_ {Á≥Á‹$¢ô˲ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ B´ßÈΔÊˇÖV>
{Á≥Á‹$¢ô˲ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Á‹*`∞ ∞«√›Î¢ΔÊˇ$.
{Á≥Á‹$¢ô˲ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Á‹*`Ø˲$Ö_ B´ßÈΔÊˇ Á‹Ö–˲ô˲fiΔÊˇ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ
Á‹*`∞ °Ì‹–Û˛ƒÊ˝$V> –˲^Û˛a® {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝ ΔÛˇr$.
{Á≥Á‹$¢ô˲ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Á‹*` ∞Δ>√◊Í∞Mϸ Mϸ֮ ∏ÎΔÊˇ$√ÃÍ
Á‹Áfl˝Mʸ«Á‹$¢Ö®.
7
{Vʸ*ã≥&1, 2
{Á≥ôÛ˛≈MʸÖ
øÍΔÊˇô˲ B«¶Mʸ –˲≈–˲Á‹¶
¥Î«{‘È—$Mʸ —ô˲¢ Á‹ÖÁ‹¶À$
›˘–ö˛$-–È-ΔÊˇÖ
{Á≥Á‹$¢ô˲ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Á‹*` = P1/P0 x 100
P1={Á≥Á‹$¢ô˲ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fi-ΔÊˇÖ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ
P0=B´ßÈΔÊˇ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fi-ΔÊˇÖ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ
100&B´ßÈΔÊˇ Á‹Ö–ö˛ô˲fi-ΔÊˇÖ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Á‹*`
EßÈ: 2004&05 Á‹Ö–˲ô˲fiΔÊˇÖÃZ JMʸ –˲Á‹$¢–˲# ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ
ΔÊˇ*.20 AΔˇ$$ôÛ˛ 2007&08 Á‹Ö–˲ô˲fiΔÊˇÖÃZ AßÛ˛ –˲Á‹$¢–˲# ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ
ΔÊˇ*.24 AØ˲$MˆÖsÙ˝ {Á≥Á‹$¢ô˲ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ Á‹*` =24x100/
20=120
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝ ΔÛˇr$ =120&100=20 ‘ÈôË˛Ö Ú≥«WÖ®
(´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÃZ Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ßÊ˛À 20 ‘Èô˲Ö)
yÏ˛–˲*Öyä˛ {ı≥«ô˲ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö
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–˲Á‹$¢–˲#À yÏ˛–˲*Öyä˛ Ú≥«W ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ$ Ú≥«WôÛ˛ yÏ˛–˲*Öyä˛
{ı≥«ô˲ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö AÖsÍΔÊˇ$.
–˲≈ƒÊ˝${ı≥«ô˲ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö
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Eô˲¢Ü¢ M>ΔÊˇM>À ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ$ Ú≥«W Eô˲μÜ¢ –˲≈ƒÊ˝$Ö Ú≥«W
´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ$ Ú≥«WôÛ˛ ßÈ∞∞ –˲≈ƒÊ˝$ {ı≥«ô˲ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö
AÖsÍΔÊˇ$.
yë. GÖG –ö˛*Õ-Mä¸,
B«¶Mʸ‘ÈÁ‹à Ô‹∞-ƒÊ˝$Δäˇ A´ßë≈Á≥-Mʸ$-À$,
{Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” yÏ˛{X Mʸ‚Í-‘ÈÀ, VʸgÙ˝”-Ãå˝.
^˲ΔÊˇ≈À$ Mʸ*yÈ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝ ∞ƒÊ˝$Ö{ô˲◊˝Mʸ$ EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*Vʸ
Á≥yÊ˛ôÈΔˇ$$.
—ô˲¢Á≥ΔÊˇ–˛$OØ˲ ^˲ΔÊˇ≈À$
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{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝ ∞ƒÊ˝$Ö{ô˲◊˝Mʸ$ {Á≥ô˲≈Ñʸ Á≥Ø˲$≤ÀØ˲$
Ú≥Ö^ÈÕ. Á≥Δ¯Ñʸ Á≥Ø˲$≤À$ ô˲WYÖ^ÈÕ.
{Á≥øÊ˝$ô˲” –˲≈ƒÊ˝*∞≤ AßÊ˛$Á≥#ÃZ EÖ^ÈÕ
{Á≥fÀ ßÊ˛VʸYΔÊˇ Ø˲$Ö_ ΔÊˇ$◊˝ ı‹MʸΔÊˇ◊˝ fΔÊˇ¥ÎÕ
—$Vʸ$À$ ∫y˛jså˝Ø˲$ {Á≥–Û˛‘Ë˝ Ú≥sÍtÕ
{ßÊ˛–˲≈ Á≥ΔÊˇ–˛$OØ˲ ^˲ΔÊˇ≈À$
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«fΔÊˇ$” ªÍ≈ÖMʸ$ Á≥«–˲*◊Íô˲√Mʸ , Vʸ$◊Íô˲√Mʸ
›Î´ßÊ˛ØÈÀ ßÈ”Δ> {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝ ∞ƒÊ˝$Ö{ô˲◊˝ ^Û˛Á‹$¢Ö®.
ÃÍøÊ˝ {ı≥«ô˲ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö
{Á≥ô˲≈Ñʸ ^˲ΔÊˇ≈À$
Ú≥r$t∫yÏ˛ßÈΔÊˇ$À$ ô˲–˲$ ÃÍøÊ˝Ö –˲*«jØå˛Ø˲$
Ú≥Ö^˲$M¯–˲yÊ˛Ö M¯Á‹Ö –˲Á‹$¢–˲#À ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ$ Ú≥Ö_ôÛ˛
ßÈ∞∞ ÃÍøÊ˝ {ı≥«ô˲ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö AÖsÍΔÊˇ$.
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö ΔÛˇr$ 3 ‘ÈôË˛Ö –˲ΔÊˇMʸ$ EÖsÙ˝ {¥ÎMʸ$ô˲$Ø˲≤
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö 3‘ÈôË˛Ö Ø˲$Ö_ 5‘ÈôË˛Ö –˲ΔÊˇMʸ$ EÖyÛ˛ Ø˲yÏ˛^Û˛
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö, 5&10 ‘ÈôË˛Ö EÖsÙ˝ Á≥ΔÊˇ$V¸ôÛ˛¢ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö, 10
‘ÈôË˛Ö MʸØÈ≤ GMʸ$P–˲V> EÖsÙ˝ fÖÌ≥ÖVä¸ ÃÙ˝ßÈ Úfl˝OÁ≥Δäˇ
CØå˛ıúœÁŸØå˛ AÖsÍΔÊˇ$.
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{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö M>ΔÊˇ◊ÍÀ$
❍
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊Í∞Mϸ yÏ˛–˲*Öyä˛ –˛OÁ≥#, Á‹Á≥œƒå˝$ –˛OÁ≥#
M>ΔÊˇ◊ÍÀ$ÖsÍΔˇ$$.
yÏ˛–˲*Öyä˛ –˛OÁ≥# M>ΔÊˇ◊ÍÀ$
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❍
{Á≥fÀ ßÊ˛VʸYΔÊˇ H—´ßÊ˛ÖV>Ø˛OØÈ {ßÊ˛–˲≈ BßÈƒÊ˝$Ö Ú≥«WôÛ˛
–˲Á‹$¢–˲#ÀMʸ$ yÏ˛–˲*Öyä˛ Ú≥«W ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ$ Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ôÈΔˇ$$.
–˲Á‹$¢–˲#À yÏ˛–˲*Öyä˛ Ú≥ΔÊˇVʸyÈ∞Mϸ {ßÊ˛–˲≈ Á‹Á≥œƒå˝$ÃZ
Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ßÊ˛À, {Á≥fÀ BßÈƒÊ˝$ÖÃZ Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ßÊ˛À, {Á≥fÀ
QΔÊˇ$aÃZ Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ßÊ˛À, GVʸ$–˲$ô˲$ÀMʸ$ yÏ˛–˲*Öyä˛ Ú≥ΔÊˇ
VʸyÊ˛Ö, øÊ˝—ÁŸ≈ô˲$¢ –È≈¥ÎΔÊˇÖ M¯Á‹Ö –˲Á‹$¢–˲#À$ ßÈ_
EÖ^˲yÊ˛Ö, fØÈøÍ Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ßÊ˛ÀÀ$ M>ΔÊˇ◊˝ –˲$–˲#ôÈΔˇ$$.
Á‹Á≥œƒå˝$ –˛OÁ≥# M>ΔÊˇ◊ÍÀ$
B«¶Mʸ –˲≈–˲Á‹¶ÃZ –˲Á‹$¢ ı‹–˲À yÏ˛–˲*Öyä˛ Ú≥«WØ˲Á≥#yÊ˛$
AÖßÊ˛$Mʸ$ AØ˲$Vʸ$◊˝ÖV> –˲Á‹$¢ ı‹–˲ÀØ˲$ Á‹ΔÊˇÁúΔ> ^Û˛ı‹
Ì‹¶ÜÃZ B«¶Mʸ –˲≈–˲Á‹¶ ÃÙ˝Ø˲rœΔˇ$$ôÛ˛ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ$ Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ôÈΔˇ$$
❍ –˲Á‹$¢ ı‹–˲À yÏ˛–˲*Öyä˛Mʸ$ AØ˲$Vʸ$◊˝ÖV> –˲Á‹$¢ ı‹–˲À
Á‹ΔÊˇÁúΔ> ÃÙ˝Mʸ¥˘–˲yÈ∞Mϸ Mϸ֮ AÖ‘ÈÀ$ M>ΔÊˇ◊˝
–˲$–˲#ôÈΔˇ$$.
G. {Á≥MʸñÜ –˛OÁ≥»ôÈ≈À$ º. EôÈμßÊ˛M>À MˆΔÊˇô˲ Ì‹.
±sÏ˝¥ÎΔÊˇ$ßÊ˛À, —ßÊ˛$≈ôå˛ –˛$$ßÊ˛ÃÒ˝OØ˲ A–˲›Î¶Á≥ØÈ ›˚MʸΔ>≈À
MˆΔÊˇô˲ yÏ˛. GVʸ$–˲$ô˲$À$ Ú≥ΔÊˇVʸyÊ˛Ö C. ®W–˲$ô˲$À$
ô˲VʸYyÊ˛Ö Gãú. {‘È—$Mʸ$À Á‹–˛$√À$, ÃÍM˙r$œ
❍
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö {Á≥ø͖˲Ö
❍
❍
❍
❍
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö M>ΔÊˇ◊˝ÖV> {¥ÎgÒ˝Mʸ$tÀ AÖ^˲ØÈ –˲≈ƒÊ˝$Ö
Ú≥«W¥˘–˲yÊ˛Öô¯ {¥ÎgÒ˝Mʸ$tÀ ∞Δ>√◊˝Ö Á≥N«¢M>Mʸ B«¶Mʸ
–˲ñ®Æ ô˲WY¥˘ô˲$Ö®.
Ì‹¶Δ>ßÈƒÊ˝$Ö VʸÀ –È«Ú≥O AÁ‹ÖÁú$sÏ˝ô˲ ΔÊˇÖVʸ M>«√
Mʸ$ÀÚ≥O {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö –˲≈ÜΔÛˇMʸ {Á≥øÍ–È∞≤ ^˲*Á≥#
ô˲$Ö®. {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝ M>ÀÖÃZ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ßÊ˛ÀMʸ$
AØ˲$Vʸ$◊˝ÖV> “« BßÈƒÊ˝$Ö Ú≥ΔÊˇVʸMʸ ¥˘–˲yÊ˛Öô¯ “«
i–˲Ø˲ {Á≥ø͖˲ÖÚ≥O –˲≈ÜΔÛˇMʸ {Á≥øÍ–Ë˛Ö Á≥yÊ˛$ô˲$Ö®.
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö Eô˲μÜ¢ßÈΔÊˇ$ÀÚ≥O, –È≈¥ÎΔÊˇÁ‹$¶ÀÚ≥O AØ˲$
Mʸ*À {Á≥øÍ–Ë˛Ö ^˲*Á≥#ô˲$Ö®. AØ˲V> ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ$ Ú≥ΔÊˇVʸ
yÊ˛Öô¯ “« ÃÍøÍÀ$ Ú≥ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ôÈΔˇ$$.
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö ΔÊˇ$◊˝Ö °Á‹$MˆØ˲≤ –È«Ú≥O AØ˲$Mʸ*À
{Á≥øÍ–È∞≤ ΔÊˇ$◊˝Ö C_aØ˲–È«Ú≥O {Á≥ÜMʸ*À {Á≥øÍ
–È∞≤ ^˲*Á≥#ô˲$Ö®.
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö ∞ƒÊ˝$Ö{ô˲◊˝
❍
©∞≤ —ô˲¢Á≥ΔÊˇ–˛$OØ˲ {ßÊ˛–˲≈ Á≥ΔÊˇ–˛$OØ˲ ›Î´ßÊ˛ØÈÀ$
EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*WÖ_ ∞ƒÊ˝$Ö{ÜÖ^˲yÊ˛Öô¯¥Îr$ Mˆ∞≤ {Á≥ô˲≈Ñʸ
❍
❍
❍
❍
–˲Á‹$¢–˲#À Eô˲μÜ¢ Ú≥Ö^˲yÊ˛Ö
–˲Á‹$¢–˲#ÀMʸ$ Vʸ«ÁŸx ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ ∞ΔÊˇ~Δˇ$$Ö^˲yÊ˛Ö
{Á≥gÍ Á≥ÖÌ≥◊Ó˝ –˲≈–˲Á‹¶ ßÈ”Δ> –˲Á‹$¢–˲#ÀØ˲$ Á‹ΔÊˇÁúΔ>
^Û˛ƒÊ˝$yÊ˛Ö
®Vʸ$–˲$ô˲$À$ Ú≥Ö^˲yÊ˛Ö
GVʸ$–˲$ô˲$ÀØ˲$ ô˲WYÖ^˲yÊ˛Ö
CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*ÃZ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö
CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*ÃZ sZMʸ$ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Á‹*` B´ßÈΔÊˇÖV>
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝ΔÛˇr$ ^˛∫$ô˲$ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$.
❍ 2000&01 Ø˲$Ö_ 2004&05 –˲ΔÊˇMʸ$ CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*ÃZ
Á‹Vʸr$ –È«¤Mʸ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö 5.2 ‘ÈôË˛Ö EÖ®.
❍ 2005&06 Ø˲$Ö_ 2009&10 –˲ΔÊˇMʸ$ CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*ÃZ
Á‹Vʸr$ –È«¤Mʸ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö 5.5 ‘ÈôË˛Ö EÖ®.
❍ 2010&11ÃZ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö ΔÛˇr$ 9.56 ‘Èô˲Ö.
❍ 2011&12ÃZ 8.94‘ÈôË˛Ö {ßÊ˛–¯≈-Àæ◊˝Ö Ø˲–˛*-ß˛OÖ-®.
AΔˇ$$ôÛ˛ 2012 yÏ˛-Ú‹Ö-∫-Δäˇ-ØÈ-sÏ˝Mϸ 7.18‘ÈôÈ-∞Mϸ ô˲WYÖ-®.
❍ 2010&11ÃZ {¥Î£Ê˛—$Mʸ –˲Á‹$¢–˲#À ΔÊˇÖVʸÖÃZ A´®Mʸ
{ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö Ø˲–˛*ßÊ˛$ M>–˲yÈ∞Mϸ Mϸ֮ –˲Á‹$¢–˲#À
´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ$ GMʸ$P–˲V> Ú≥ΔÊˇVʸyÊ˛–Û˛$ M>ΔÊˇ◊˝Ö.
1. ºƒÊ˝$≈Ö 2. Mʸ*ΔÊˇV>ƒÊ˝$À$ 3. ∫ÖV>‚Ê˝ ßÊ˛$ÖÁ≥À$
4. EÕœ 5. Á≥#–˲#”À$ 6. Á≥ÖyÊ˛$œ 7. ¥ÎÀ$ 8. Vʸ$yÊ˛$œ 9.
–˲*ÖÁ‹Ö 10. ^Û˛Á≥À$ 11. Á‹$VʸִßÊ˛ {ßÊ˛–È≈À$ 12. sÓ˝
❍ øÍΔÊˇô˲ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ÖÃZ VʸñÁfl˝Á‹$¶À$ —∞ƒÒ˝*VÊ¸Ö QΔÊˇ$aÃZ 40
‘ÈôË˛Ö B‡ΔÊˇ –˲Á‹$¢–˲#ÀÚ≥O EÖr$Ö®. ´ßÊ˛∞Mʸ ßÛ˛‘ÈÃZœ
MÛ¸–˲ÀÖ 7&8 ‘ÈôË˛Ö –˲*{ô˲–Û˛$ B‡ΔÊˇ –˲Á‹$¢–˲#ÀÚ≥O
—∞ƒÒ˝*VÊ¸Ö EÖr$Ö®.
❍ CÖyÏ˛ƒÊ˝*ÃZ {ßÊ˛–¯≈Àæ◊˝Ö ΔÛˇr$Ø˲$ ^˛Á≥μyÈ∞Mϸ
{Á≥´ßÈØ˲ÖV> EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*WÁ‹$¢Ø˲≤Á≥μsÏ˝MÓ¸ ——´ßÊ˛ –˲Δ>YÀ
{Á≥fÀ i–˲Ø˲ {Á≥–˲*◊Í∞≤ Á‹*_Ö^˲yÈ∞Mϸ Cô˲ΔÊˇ
Á‹*_MʸÀ$ Mʸ*yÈ ∞«√Á‹$¢ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$. A—
❍
1. Consumer Price Index for Industrial
Workers-CPI (IW)
2. Consumer Pricr Index for Agriculture
Labourers-CPI (AL)
3.CPI for Rural Labour-CPI (RL)
❍
❍
Ø˲*ô˲Ø˲ÖV> 2010 fØ˲–˲« Ø˛À B´ßÈΔÊˇÖV> ^Û˛Á‹$Mˆ∞
CPI (urban), CPI(rural) ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Á‹*_MʸÀØ˲$
∞«√Ö^ÈÀ∞ øÍΔÊˇô˲ Vʸ◊ÍÖMʸ Á‹ÖÁ‹¶ ∞ΔÊˇ~Δˇ$$Ö_Ö®.
2011&12ÃZ
WPI=8.94 %
CPI(IW)=8.39 %
CPI(AL)=8.19% CPI(RL)=8.35%
❍
ØÛ˛ÁŸØ˲Ãå˝ ÁfloÌ‹ÖVä¸ ªÍ≈ÖMä¸ 2007 Ø˲$Ö_ ΔˇÌ‹yÏ˛Mä¸fi
ı≥ΔÊˇ$ô¯ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ Á‹*`∞ ∞«√Á‹$¢Ö®. ßÛ˛‘Ë˝ÖÃZ∞ {Á≥´ßÈØ˲
Á≥rt◊ÍÃZœ ∞–ÈÁ‹ Vʸñ‡À ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÃZœ –˲^Û˛a –˲*ΔÊˇ$μÀØ˲$
ΔˇÌ‹y˛Mä¸fi ßÈ”Δ> ô˛À$Á≥#ô˲$ØÈ≤ΔÊˇ$. 2007 ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ-Àô¯
¥˘Õı‹¢ 2012 Ú‹Ú≥tÖ-∫Δäˇ ØÈsÏ˝Mϸ Á≥N◊Ò˝, øZ¥ÎÃå˝, ^˛Ø˛O≤
Ø˲Vʸ-Δ>ÃZœ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇÀ$ 100 ‘ÈôË˛Ö MʸÖsÙ˝ GMʸ$P–ö˛ Ú≥ΔÊˇV>Y
…Ï˛Œœ, –ö˛$$ÖªÒ˝O, MʸÀ-Mʸ-ôÈ¢-ÀÃZ 75 Ø˲$Ö_ 100 ‘Èô˲Ö
Ú≥«-V>Δˇ$$. M>V> ªÒ˝ÖVʸ-‚Ê˝îΔÊˇ$, ÚflO˝ßÊ˛-Δ>-ªÍßä˛, gÒ˝OÁ≥N-ΔäˇÀÃZ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ-À$ -ô˲-V>Y-Δˇ$$.
8
3--&11&-2014 ›˘–ö˛$-–È-ΔÊˇÖ
❍
ØÛ˛Ø˲$ 60 ‘ÈôË˛Ö -–ö˛*-ΔÊˇ$P-Àô¯ ºsÒ˝Mä¸ Á≥N«¢-^Û˛-‘È-Ø˲$. -–ö˛*
ßÊ˛VʸYΔÊˇ M>≈ÖÁ≥-ã‹ CÖ-r-Δäˇ-–ö˛N≈-À$ -f-ΔÊˇ-Vʸ-ÃÙ˝-ßÊ˛$. -ØÈMʸ$
E߯≈VÊ¸Ö -Mʸ*yë Δ>ÃÙ˝ßÊ˛$. CÁ≥#μyÊ˛$ ØÛ˛Ø˲$ –Û˛ΔÛˇ Hß˛OØÈ
M¯ΔÊˇ$fi-ÃZ -^Û˛-Δ>ÃÍ? E߯≈VÊ¸Ö GÃÍ ¥˜ÖßëÃZ ô˛À$Á≥-Vʸ-ÀΔÊˇ$?
& “$ØÈÑϸ, AØ˲Öô˲-Á≥#-ΔÊˇÖ
■ “$ —ÁŸ-ƒÊ˝$Ö A-∞ -M>-ßÊ˛$-M>± ô˛À$Vʸ$ Δ>⁄ÎâÃZœ
fΔÊˇ$-Vʸ$-ô˲$Ø˲≤ JMʸ —ÁŸƒÊ˝$Ö ^˛∫$-ôÈ-Ø˲$.
C-MʸPyÊ˛ CÖf-±-«Ö-Vä¸ÃZ "‡≈Ô≥-yÛ˛-ã‹-' ªÍ≈-^å˛-À$ -ô˲-ƒÊ˝*--ΔÊˇ-ƒÊ˝*≈Δˇ$$(D
Ì‹∞-–ö˛* -ô˲-ΔÊˇ$–Èô˲ CÖf±«Ö-Vä¸ A-yÏ˛√-ÁŸØ˲$œ Ú≥«-W¥˘-ƒÊ˝*Δˇ$$.
Hß˛OØÈ
M¯ΔÊˇ$fi-ÃZ
- ^Û˛-Δ>ÃÍ?
«–˛$OÖ-yÊ˛-Δäˇ
«–˛$OÖ-yÊ˛-Δäˇ
ºså˝fi
Ì≥ÃÍ-±
MÛ¸Ö{º-yÏ˛j
ºh-Ø˛-ã‹ A-yÏ˛√-∞-ı‹â-ÁŸ-Øå˛ -{¥˘-{V>-–í˛$-ÃZ AyÏ˛√ÁŸ-Øå˛fi -M¯Á‹Ö ºΔ>œ C-Øå˛-Ì‹tr*≈så˝ Bãú sÒ˝M>≤-À-i&Ì≥-ÃÍ--± -ßÊ˛-ΔÊˇ-RÍ-Á‹$¢-ÀØ˲$ B‡”∞-›˘¢Ö®. MʸØ˲fiÃÒ˝t-±fi -–Û˛$-ØÛ˛-gå˝-–˛$Öså˝, –ö˛*Ø˲$-∏Î≈-Mʸa-«Ö-Vä¸ -–Û˛$-ØÛ˛-gå˝-–˛$Öså˝, M>”ÕsÓ˝ –Û˛$ØÛ˛gå˝-–˛$Ö-så˝ Ú‹μÁŸ-ÃÒ˝O-gÙ˝-ÁŸØ˲$œ CMʸPyÊ˛ AÖßÊ˛$ªÍ-r$-ÃZ E-ØÈ≤Δˇ$$. Á‹Ö∫Ö´®ô˲ Á‹-ªÒ˝jMʸ$t-À-ô¯ ºC/ -ºsÒ˝-Mä¸/ -ºGÔ‹fi/ G–˛$√Ô‹fi/GÖ-Ì‹H/
HG–í˛$IC -^Û˛-Ì‹-Ø˲-–È-ΔÊˇ$ CÖ-ßÊ˛$-ÃZ -^Û˛-ΔÊˇ-yë∞Mϸ AΔÊˇ$·À$. “«Mϸ JMʸ
Á‹Ö–ö˛-ô˲fi-ΔÊˇÖ A-Ø˲$-øÊ˝-–ö˛Ö EÖ-yëÕ. —–ö˛-Δ>À M¯Á‹Ö –˛-ªå˝Ú‹O-så˝ -^˲*yˆ^˲$a. _–ö˛-« -ôÛ˛©: 2014 Ø˲-–ö˛Ö∫Δäˇ 22
sÏ˝H¥Îƒå˝$ –Û˛$ØÛ˛-gå˝-–˛$Öså˝ CØå˛Ì‹t-r*--≈-så˝
–ö˛$◊Ï˝-¥Î-Ãå˝-ÃZ EØ˲≤ sÏ˝H¥Îƒå˝$ –Û˛$ØÛ˛-gå˝-–˛$Öså˝ CØå˛Ì‹t-r*≈--så˝-ÃZ Ì≥hyÏ˛G-–í˛$ -{¥˘-{V>–í˛$ A-yÏ˛√-ÁŸØå˛fi M¯Á‹Ö دsÏ˝-Ìú-MÛ¸-ÁŸ-Øå˛ -–˛-À$-–ö˛-yÏ˛Ö®. ªÍ≈Ö
MϸÖVä¸, -ªÍ≈ÖMϸÖVä¸, ÚúOØÈØå˛fi, Úfl˝Ãå˝¢-MÛ¸-Δäˇ -Ú‹μ-ÁŸ-ÃÒ˝O-gÙ˝-ÁŸØ˲$œ EØÈ≤Δˇ$$. -Mʸ±Á‹Ö 50 ‘ÈôË˛Ö -–ö˛*-ΔÊˇ$P-Àô¯ yÏ˛{X Á≥N«¢-^Û˛-Ì‹-Ø˲-–ÈΔÊˇ$ CÖßÊ˛$-ÃZ -^Û˛Δˆ^˲$a. -—-–ö˛-Δ>À M¯Á‹Ö www.tapmi.edu.in -–˛-ªå˝-Ú‹O-så˝ -^˲*-yˆ-^˲$a.
_–ö˛« -ôÛ˛-©: 2014 -yÏ˛Ú‹Ö∫Δäˇ 31
ÃÙ˝sÒ˝ã‹t GyÊ˛$≈MÛ¸-ÁŸ-Øå˛ Ø˲*-≈-ã‹, A-ã≥-yÛ˛så˝fi,
Á‹tyÓ˛ –˛$sÓ˝-«-ƒÊ˝$-Ãå˝ M¯-Á‹Ö BÖ{´ßÊ˛gZ≈-Ü G-yÊ˛$≈-MÛ¸-ÁŸØå˛
GØå˛yÏ˛H
2015 H{Ì≥Ãå˝ 19Ø˲ f«VÛ¸ ØÛ˛ÁŸ-Ø˲-Ãå˝ -yÏ˛Úú-Øå˛fi AM>yÊ˛—$, ØÛ˛–ö˛Ãå˝ A-M>-yÊ˛—$
GV>j—$-ØÛ˛-ÁŸØå˛ M¯Á‹Ö ƒÊ˝$*∞-ƒÊ˝$Øå˛ Á≥ºœMä¸ Á‹»”-ã‹ -Mʸ-—$-ÁŸØå˛ ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ-RÍ-Á‹$¢-ÀØ˲$
B‡”∞-›˘¢Ö®. ©∞Mϸ Á‹Ö∫Ö-´®Ö-_-Ø˲ د-sÏ˝-Ìú-MÛ¸-ÁŸØå˛ yÏ˛-Ú‹Ö∫Δäˇ 27Ø˲ -–˛À$–ö˛-yÊ˛$-ô˲$Ö®. GÖÌ≥Ì‹-ô¯ CÖ-r-Δäˇ -¥Î-Ú‹OØ˲
—ßë≈-ΔÊˇ$¶À$ ØÛ˛–˛Ãå˝, GΔˇ$$Δäˇ-∏˘Δäˇfi —ÖVä¸ÀMʸ$ ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ-RÍ-Á‹$¢ -^Û˛-Á‹$-M¯-–ö˛^˲$a. B»√ —ÖVä¸-M¯Á‹Ö –˛‚Íœ-À-Ø˲$-Mʸ$ØÛ˛ –ÈΔÊˇ$ Hß˛OØÈ
Á‹-ªÒ˝jMʸ$t-ô¯ CÖ-rΔäˇ Á≥N«¢-^Û˛ı‹¢ ^ÈÀ$.
—–ö˛-Δ>À M¯Á‹Ö –˛-ªå˝Ú‹O-så˝ -^˲*-yˆ-^˲$a.
_–ö˛-« -ôÛ˛©: 2015 fØ˲-–ö˛« 23
ô˲–ö˛$ -—-ßë≈-À-ƒÊ˝$Ö-ÃZ -^˲-ßÊ˛$-–ö˛#-Mʸ$Ø˲≤ {Á≥RÍ≈ô˲ Vʸ◊Ï˝ô˲
‘È{Á‹¢-–Û˛ô˲¢ {÷∞–È-Á‹ Δ>–ö˛*-Ø˲$-fØå˛ ı≥«r {ºr-Øå˛-ÃZ∞ MÛ¸Ö{º-yÏ˛j -ƒÊ˝$*-∞-–ö˛«fisÓ˝ -øÍΔÊˇô˲
-—-ßë≈-ΔÊˇ$¶-ÀMʸ$ Ô≥Úfl˝-^å˛yÏ˛ »Ú‹Δäˇa ›ÎPÀΔäˇ-ÌŸ-ã≥fi AÖ-ßÊ˛-gÙ˝›˘¢Ö-®. Á≥N≈Δäˇ, A--Á≥œ-Δˇ$$-yä˛ -–Û˛$-£ä˛fiÃZ Á≥«-‘Z-´ßÊ˛-Ø˲À$ ^Û˛ƒÊ˝*-À-Ø˲$-Mʸ$-Ø˲≤-–ÈΔÊˇ$
©∞Mϸ ßÊ˛ΔÊˇ-RÍ-Á‹$¢ ^Û˛Á‹$-M¯-–ö˛-^˲$a. —–ö˛-Δ>-À -M¯-Á‹Ö www.trin.cam.
ac.uk/index.php?pageid=314# -–˛-ªå˝-Ú‹O-så˝ -^˲*--yˆ^˲$a.
_–ö˛« ôÛ˛©: 2015 fØ˲-–ö˛« 23
^ÈΔˇœ-ã‹ -–È-ÃÒ˝ã‹
øÍΔÊˇ-°ƒÊ˝$ Mʸ‚Í-M>-ΔÊˇ$-À -M¯-Á‹Ö -{º-rØå˛Mʸ$ ^˛Ö®Ø˲ "^È-Δˇœã‹ -–È-ÃÒ˝ã‹ CÖ-yÏ˛ƒÊ˝*
{rã‹t' AÖ®Á‹$¢-Ø˲≤ ›ÎPÀ-Δäˇ-ÌŸ-ã≥-À -M¯Á‹Ö دsÏ˝-Ìú-MÛ¸-ÁŸ-Øå˛ -–˛-À$-–ö˛-yÏ˛Ö-®. -{¥˜-ÚúÁŸ-Ø˲Ãå˝ AMʸyÊ˛-—$Mä¸, B«tÌ‹tMä¸ ÀÑ>-≈À$ EØ˲≤–ÈΔÊˇ$, AÖô˲Δ>j-°-ƒÊ˝$ ›Î¶Δˇ$$ÃZ
Á‹Ö∫Ö--´ßë-À$ -–˛$-ΔÊˇ$Vʸ$ Á≥ΔÊˇ$-^˲$-M¯-–È-À-Ø˲$-Mʸ$Ö-r$Ø˲≤–ÈΔÊˇ$ -©-∞Mϸ ßÊ˛-ΔÊˇ-RÍÁ‹$¢
^Û˛Á‹$-M¯-–ö˛-^˲$a. -—-–ö˛-Δ>-À -M¯-Á‹Ö - [email protected] britishcouncil. org
–˛$Δˇ$$-Ãå˝Ø˲$ Á‹Ö{Á≥-®Ö-^˲-–ö˛^˲$a.
_–ö˛« ôÛ˛©: 2014 Ø˲–ö˛Ö-∫Δäˇ 15
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ºh-Ø˛-ã‹ A-Ø˲-Õ-Á‹$tV> E߯≈VÊ¸Ö –ö˛_aÖ®. M¯ΔÊˇ$fi ô˲-ΔÊˇ$-–Èô˲ E߯≈VÊ¸Ö ^˛ƒÊ˝*≈ÃÍ? ÃÙ˝Mʸ Ô≥i ^˲-ßÊ˛–ÈÃÍ A∞
CÁ≥#μyÊ˛$ ôÛ˛À$a-M¯-ÃÙ˝-Mʸ -¥˘-ô˲$-ØÈ≤Ø˲$. GÖºH -^Û˛ı‹¢ GÃÍ EÖr$Ö
ßÊ˛∞ -Mʸ*yë A∞Ì≥›˘¢Ö®. M¸»-Δäˇ A–ö˛M>‘È-À$ -ßÛ˛-∞-Mϸ -ªÍV>
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Mϸ -–˛-„œ & AÃÍ -–ö˛^Û˛a -ªÍ≈^å˛ C-®). ºC/º-sÒ˝-Mä¸-Ø˲$ -Mʸ*yë
& “ΔÛˇ‘å˝, Ì‹MϸÖ-{ßë-ªÍ-ßä˛
ºHØ˲$ ^˲®-—-Ø˲Öô˲ Á‹$À-øÊ˝ÖV> ^Û˛ı‹-Á‹$¢-ØÈ≤-ΔÊˇ$. -∫$--Mä¸
■ CÖrΔˇ≤-så˝ -M>-–ö˛-^˲$a C-ô˲-ΔÊˇÖV>
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M>–ö˛-^˲$a & A-¥Î-ΔÊˇÖV> EØ˲≤
ØÈÀ$Vʸ$ {Á≥‘Ë˝≤À$ ∫sÏ˝t Á≥-sÏ˝t M¯ΔÊˇ$fi Á≥N«¢-^Û˛-ı‹-–È-ΔÊˇ$ GyÛ˛sÍØ˲$ Á‹–ö˛$-{Vʸ-Á≥-«-_ -ßë-∞-∞ -Ø˲$Ö_
Mʸ$P–ö˛ AƒÊ˝*≈ΔÊˇ$. “«MϸMʸ*yë 60 ‘ÈôË˛Ö Á≥ΔˇfiÖ--sÙ˝-i -–ö˛AÁ‹ΔÊˇ-–˛$OØ˲ Á‹–ö˛*-^È-Δ>∞≤ °-Á‹$-Mʸ$∞ MÓ¸À^Û˛a-›˘¢Ö®. AÁ‹À$ Á‹-–ö˛$Á‹≈ yÏ˛{X -^Û˛-Ü-Mϸ -–ö˛-_aØ˲ ô˲-ΔÊˇ$Mʸ-–˛$OØ˲ ∞ΔÊˇ~-ƒÊ˝*ÃZœ EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*-WÖ-^˲$-M¯-–ö˛–Èô˲ –˛$$ßÊ˛-À-–ö˛#-ô¯Ö-®. -“-«Mϸ yÏ˛¥˜œ-–ö˛* -—-ßë≈-ΔÊˇ$¶-À -ô˲yë∞≤ -{ªÍyä˛V> yësÍ, -º-h-Ø˛-så˝ A-Ø˲-Õ-sÏ˝ΔÊˇ-‡-ÃZ-M>-ßÊ˛$-Mʸßë IsÏ˝I -—ßë≈-ΔÊˇ$¶-ÀMʸ$ EØ˲≤ Á‹-ªÒ˝jMʸ$t
Mä¸fiV> ^˛Á≥μ-–ö˛^˲$a. JMʸ -MʸÖÚ≥-±- ô˲Ø˲Mʸ$ -ÃÍ-øÊ˝-ßëMʸ*-yë EÖyÊ˛yÊ˛Ö-ÃÙ˝-ßÊ˛$. E-߯≈-VÊ¸Ö -C^Û˛a–ÈyÊ˛$ C–Û˛—
ƒÊ˝$-Mʸ-–˛$OØ˲ —∞-ƒÒ˝*-Vʸ-ßë-ΔÊˇ$À$ G–ö˛-Δ¯ AÖ^˲ØÈ-–Û˛^˲*yÊ˛-Mʸ$Ö-yëØÛ˛ A¥ÎΔˇ$$Öså˝–˛$Öså˝ C›Î¢yë?
Á‹$-Mʸ$∞ -–È-«Mϸ Á‹ΔˇOØ˲ ´ßÊ˛ΔÊˇØ˲$ AÖ®Ö^˲-yÊ˛Ö, Mˆô˲¢ ØÈ›ÎP–í˛$ AÖ^˲ØÈ {Á≥M>-ΔÊˇÖ -–ö˛$-Ø˲ -ßÊ˛-VʸYΔÊˇ EØ˲≤
Mˆ-ô˲¢ -E-ô˲μ-ô˲$¢-ÀØ˲$ Á≥«-^˲ƒÊ˝$Ö ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$-yÊ˛Ö-ÃZ -º-h-Ø˛ã‹
CÖf-±-«Ö-Vä¸ -{V>-yÊ˛$-≈-ƒÙ˝$-rœÃZ HyÊ˛$‘È-ôË˛Ö - –ö˛$ÖAØ˲-ÕÁ‹$tÀ$ Á‹‡-ƒÊ˝$-Á≥-yÊ˛-ôÈ-ΔÊˇ$.
®-Mϸ -–ö˛*-{ô˲-–Û˛$ E-߯≈VÊ¸Ö ^Û˛ƒÊ˝$-VʸÀ Ì‹PÃå˝fi
Mʸ$Á≥μ-À$-ô˛-Á≥μ-À$-V> EØ˲≤ yësÍ-Ø˲$ -ô˲–ö˛$ –È≈¥Î-ΔÊˇ A-¿EØÈ≤ƒÊ˝$∞ ôÛ˛ÕaÖ®. ØÈÀ$-VÛ¸-‚Ê˝œ -M>-ÃÙ˝i i—–ö˛ñ--®ÆMϸ Á‹«V>Y EÁ≥ƒÒ˝*--WÖ-^˲$-M¯-ÃÙ˝-Mʸ-¥˘-ô˲$-ØÈ≤-–ö˛$-∞ CsÓ˝–ö˛-Õ
ô˲ÖÃZ GÖg̓å˝$ -^Û˛-ƒÊ˝$-yÊ˛–ö˛*? Ø˲ÀøÒ˝O H‚Ê˝œ
-M>-ÀÖ-ÃZ -M>-Δˆμ-ΔÛˇ-så˝ -MʸÖ-Ú≥-±À$ øÍ—-Á‹$¢-ØÈ≤Δˇ$$. GãúG–í˛$-Ì‹M¸»-Δäˇ∞ GÖg̓å˝$ ^Û˛ƒÊ˝*ÃÍ AØÛ˛® -G-–ö˛-«Mϸ
h(-∏Î--ã‹t-–ö˛$*-—Ö-Vä¸ -Mʸ-Ø˲$j-–ö˛$Δäˇ Vʸ*yä˛fi), IsÏ˝, «sÒ˝OÃå˝, MʸØ˲fi-ÕtÖVä¸
–ÈΔÛˇ ∞ΔÊˇ~-Δˇ$$Ö-^˲$-M¯-–ÈÕ. CMʸ “$ -—ÁŸƒÊ˝*-∞-Mϸ
ô˲®-ô˲ΔÊˇ ΔÊˇÖV>ÃZœ MʸÖÚ≥-±À$ -yësÍ, -ºh-Ø˛-ã‹ A-Ø˲-Õ-sÏ˝-Mä¸fiÃZ
-–ö˛ı‹¢ “$-ΔÊˇ$ CÖrΔäˇ≤-ÌŸ-ã≥ -^Û˛-‘ÈΔ>? GÃÍÖsÏ˝ MʸÖÚ≥-±-ÃZ -^Û˛’Ñʸ◊˝ ¥˜Ö®-Ø˲ -–È-«∞ °-Á‹$Mʸ$Ö-r$-ØÈ≤Δˇ$$. .
‘ÈΔÊˇ$. ›Îãút Ì‹PÃå˝fi Ú≥Ö^˲$-M¯-–ö˛-yë-∞Mϸ H–˛$OØÈ {Á≥ƒÊ˝$ô˲≤Ö
CMʸ E߯≈Vʸ–ö˛* Ô≥iØÈ AØÛ˛ -—ÁŸƒÊ˝$Ö BƒÊ˝* –ö˛≈Mʸ$¢À BÁ‹Mʸ$¢-À$, A-^Û˛‘ÈΔ>? {¥˜Úú-ÁŸ-Ø˲-Ãå˝ -yÏ˛{X EÖsÙ˝ E߯≈VÊ¸Ö C^Û˛a Δ¯kÀ$
–ö˛-Á‹-Δ>-À-Ø˲$--∫sÏ˝t ∞ΔÊˇ~-ƒÊ˝$Ö -°-Á‹$--M¯-–È-ÕfiÖßÛ˛. “$Mʸ$ E߯≈VÊ¸Ö –˛ÖrØÛ˛
GÁ≥#μy¯ -¥˘-ƒÊ˝*-Δˇ$$. CÖrΔÊˇ*”≈ Á‹-–ö˛$ƒÊ˝$ÖÃZ CÃÍÖsÏ˝A–ö˛Á‹-ΔÊˇÖ -ÃÙ˝-Mʸ$ÖsÙ˝, EØ˲≤ô˲ —ßÊ˛≈ -Á≥rœ BÁ‹Mϸ¢ EÖsÙ˝ -ô˲Á≥μ-Mʸ$Öyë Ô≥i -^Û˛–ö˛±≤ MʸÖÚ≥-±À$ ^˲*Á‹$¢-ØÈ≤Δˇ$$. “$ sÒ˝Mϸ≤-MʸÃå˝, BΔÊˇYØ˛OƒÊ˝$--–ö˛-^˲$a. CMʸ GÖºH ÃÍÖsÏ˝— ^Û˛ƒÊ˝*-À-Ø˲$-Mʸ$ÖsÙ˝ M>≈så˝- Δ>Ì‹ IIG–í˛$ÃZœ
gÙ˝-ÁŸ-Ø˲Ãå˝, MʸÖÁ≥N≈--sÏ˝ÖVä¸ Ì‹PÃå˝fi GÃÍ EØÈ≤ƒÒ˝*
^Û˛ΔÛˇôÛ˛ “$-ΔÊˇ$ FÌfl˝Ö^˲$-Mʸ$Ö-r$Ø˲≤ EØ˲≤ô˲ øÊ˝—-ÁŸ≈ô˲$¢ EÖr$Ö®. ÃÙ˝ßë ›Î´ßë∞gÍ-Δˇ$$-°V> Á≥»-ÑϸÖ-^˲$-M¯Ö-yÏ˛. -“-sÏ˝∞ GÃÍ
ΔÊˇ-◊˝ -M>-ÃÙ˝-iÃZœ ^Û˛« GÖºH ^Û˛›Î¢ AÖsÙ˝ AßÛ˛ ›Î¶Δˇ$$-ÃZ -M¸-»-Δäˇ EÖ-r$Ö®.
Ú≥Ö^˲$-M¯-–È-ÃZ -ô˛-À$-Á‹$-M¯Ö-yÏ˛. D -M¯ΔÊˇ$fi ØÈ
∞ΔÊˇ~ƒÊ˝$Ö Hß˛OØÈ “$ ‡Δäˇz-–ö˛-ΔäˇP-Ú≥OØÛ˛ ÁúÕôË˛Ö B´ßë-ΔÊˇÁ≥-yÏ˛ EÖ-r$Ö®.
-Ø˲$Ö_ -M>-ßÊ˛$ A-Ø˲$-Mʸ$Ö--sÙ˝ A-Á≥#μyÊ˛$
Mˆô˲¢ M¯ΔÊˇ$fi -M¯Á‹Ö {Á≥ƒÊ˝$-Ü≤Ö-^˲Ö-yÏ˛.
AÖ-ßÊ˛$-ÃZ -–˛$$-ßÊ˛-sÏ˝ -Ø˲$Ö_ MʸÁŸt& V¯–˲ΔÊˇÆØË˛Ö MϸΔÊˇ◊ä˝ Mʸ$–˲*Δäˇ
Á≥-yÏ˛-ôÛ˛ -ô˲-Á≥μ-Mʸ$Öyë ÁúÕôË˛Ö EÖ-r$Ö-®. B_ΔÊˇ$ØÈ–Ë˛*: —–˲Δ>À$ C—V¯, MÛ¸Δ>ãú GyÊ˛$≈MÛ¸ÁŸØå˛ y˛ã‹P, BÖ{´ßÊ˛gZ≈Ü, ¥Îœså˝ Ø˛Ö.76, Δ¯yä˛ Ø˛Ö.70,
Ãå˝® ªÒ˝ã‹t.
A’”± GØå˛MÛ¸œ–å˛, Áfl˝$yÈ Úfl˝Oså˝fi, fΔÊˇ≤Õã‹t M>À±, lΩœÌfl˝Ãå˝fi, Úfl˝OßÊ˛Δ>ªÍßä˛&500 033
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