Document 393975

Plotting Plymouth’s Past
Victoria Park and Environs Three Towns Boundary Stone Trail
When Victoria Park was first opened, on 8 October
1902, it was something of a unique enterprise;
involving Plymouth County Borough, Devonport
County Borough and East Stonehouse Urban District.
The Three Towns Amalgamation Centenary Stone,
unveiled on 1 November 2014, stands near the
Millbridge end of Victoria Park. It marks the only
place where the boundaries of all Three Towns met.
Victoria Park is also the best place in Plymouth to
find municipal boundary stones. This short trail will
help you discover the 10 boundary stones still to be
found in the Park. A short detour will lead you to
another two. If you feel more ambitious, read on for
two extended trails from Victoria Park - one to
Pennycomequick, one to Union Street.
Victoria Park Three Towns Boundary Stone Trail
1. Nr. Polruan Terrace - SW Millbridge corner of Park
(BS ES 29 & BS PC 11): Keep the SW Park entrance
piers and the red brick houses of Polruan Terrace on the
right. Opposite No.1, the last house in the terrace, is a
pair of boundary stones. One stone is inscribed East
Stonehouse / 1883, erected by Stonehouse Local Board
to mark the boundary of the once separate town of
Stonehouse. Its partner marks the Plymouth boundary
and, like all Plymouth stones, features the Plymouth coat
of arms; the cross of St Andrew and the four towers of
Plymouth’s medieval castle. Below is the name of the
mayor and the year of his mayoralty, also the date of the
stone’s erection - in this case F A Morrish / 1881.
2. Exit to Hotham Place - NW Millbridge corner of Park
(BS DB 17; BS PC 12 & BS PC 13): An entrance path runs
alongside a flat roofed building. Look left of the decorative
brick gate piers to find a Devonport County Borough (DCB)
boundary stone, bearing the coat of arms of Devonport
and inscribed D C B / St Levan / Mayor / 1891. Alongside
is a Plymouth boundary stone, inscribed J C C / 1840 / V.
The initials stand for Joseph C. Cookworthy. The Roman
numeral ‘V’ may indicate this was the fifth in a series of
stones that originally marked out the medieval boundary
of Plymouth.
To Union Street
Leave Victoria Park via the SW entrance at Millbridge and head
south up Eldad Hill. Just outside the Park gate, beneath the
shop window, is the street sign for Carlton Terrace - a reminder
that this was originally in ‘East Stonehouse’.
A. Eldad Hill, nr. junction with North Road West (BS PC
10): On the north side of junction, by the Compton Terrace
sign, is a Plymouth stone inscribed J C C / 1840 / IVA Mayor Joseph Cookworthy.
The unusual building glimpsed on the other side of the
road, above the limestone wall, is a water tower
associated with the former Royal Naval Hospital,
opened in 1762. Continuing south along Stoke Road, the
brick built sewer-vent chimney down Wyndham Lane is
worth a short detour.
B. Stoke Road / Wyndham Square (BS PC 9): On the
corner, on the south side of the road junction is a Plymouth
stone with an unusual pyramidal top. This reads C N / IV
1864 - Mayor Charles Norrington.
C. Stoke Road / King Street, on roundabout (BS ES 25
& BS ES 26): Keep on the footpath as it curves in front
of Stoke Road Flats. By the entrance gate, in the grounds
of the flats, is a pair of Stonehouse stones. The right hand
stone is inscribed Manor / of / Stonehouse. It marked the
boundary of Stonehouse Manor, also the boundary to the
town. Next to it is East / Stonehouse / 1883, a stone
Mi ll bri dge
N orth C ross
Vi cto r i a P a rk
O ctagon
C it y C entr e
Start at the Three Towns Amalgamation Centenary Stone
Another Plymouth stone stands just a few metres away,
across the path, up against a wall and part hidden by
shrubs. It is inscribed W Law / 1893.
3. Boundary wall - to back gardens off Hotham Place
(BS PC 14): Against the wall, behind a row of trees, is a
full height Plymouth stone inscribed W Law / 1893 /
6 FEET NORTH. In this case, the stone could not be
erected on the actual line of the boundary. Instead, it
gives the distance to the boundary - located in the
gardens of the nearby houses.
4. Park Lodge, nr. St Barnabas Terrace (BS PC 18 &
BS PC 19): In the middle of the Park is the distinctive
Park Lodge, dated 1901. On the north side is the
entrance into what was once a small tidal creek. Look
immediately right. Close to the boundary wall is a
Plymouth stone - E James / 1879. Follow the wall right
for a short distance to another Plymouth boundary
stone, partly hidden by ivy - W Law / 1893.
Option to exit the Park near here - taking a short, slightly
uphill walk along St Barnabas Terrace, turning left onto the
cobbled lane behind the houses fronting Wilton Street.
erected by Stonehouse Local Board.
5. Off St Barnabas Terrace - back lane to Wilton Street
(BS DB 16 & BS PC 17): A pair of municipal stones will
be found on the right-hand side - near the back of No.46.
A Devonport stone - D C B / St Levan / Mayor / 1891 is
partnered by an older Plymouth stone - VII / J C C / 1840.
Return to the Park via the St Barnabas Terrace entrance.
6. In front of St Barnabas Terrace (BS PC 20): Off the
main path, just beyond the row of trees and in line with
No.21 St Barnabas Terrace. A Plymouth stone inscribed
W Law / 1893.
At the east end of the Park is a large steel sculpture,
mounted on the piers of a railway viaduct that once
crossed the head of the Stonehouse Creek. The sculpture
is ‘Moor’ (1990), by the Turner Prize winning artist
Richard Deacon.
7. NE Corner of Park (BS PC 22): A narrow path connects
the Park to Stuart Road. At the Park end of this footpath is
a Plymouth boundary stone inscribed J W S Godding /
Option here to head out of the Park, via Stuart Road, to
Pennycomequick and discover two more municipal stones.
To Pennycomequick
Leave Victoria Park via the footpath in the north east corner.
D. King Street to Manor Street, nr. roundabout (BS PC 5
& BS PC 7): On entering Manor Street and before crossing
Alice Street there is a grassed area, left. Alongside the end
wall of the nearby flats are two Plymouth boundary stones,
relocated together after road improvements. One is inscribed
III / A / 1860 / J B - the JB for John Burnell. The other is
inscribed H J Waring / 1890.
The east side of Manor Street was in Plymouth, the west
side in Stonehouse.
E. Manor Gardens, off Manor Street (BS ES 23):
Immediately on the left is an early Stonehouse stone Manor / of / Stonehouse / 26 F. 10 I. / Eastward showing the distance and direction of the actual
Step back onto Manor Street and continue towards the
former Palace Theatre on Union Street. As the name
suggests, Union Street was constructed by John
Foulston to better connect the Three Towns. If you look
west along Union Street, Foulston’s Devonport Column
stands straight ahead.
Follow Union Street eastward to the City centre.
F. Stuart Road Railway Bridge (PMM GWR 4): Not all
Plymouth’s boundary stones are municipal. On the east
side of the bridge arch, in proximity to the pedestrian steps,
is a cast iron Great Western Railway (GWR) ‘bobbin’ type
boundary post, dated 1904. This marks the edge of the
strip of land first acquired by the Cornwall Railway and
later owned and operated by the GWR.
G. Saltash Road, Pennycomequick (BS DB 13 & BS PC
30): On the Station side, near the pedestrian crossing lights.
Behind the fence are two more boundary stones. The
Devonport stone is inscribed D C B / St Levan / Mayor /
1891. Its partner is a Plymouth stone – T S / 1855 / 12 the TS for Mayor Thomas Stephens. Although the
boundary was in this location, both stones have been
relocated together here.
Head south, under the railway bridge, for the City centre.
© Crown Copyright, Plymouth City Council, Licence No. 100018633
Victoria Park sits at the head of a tidal creek, once
stretching inland from the town quay at East
Stonehouse to Pennycomequick. In about 1525,
the eastern end of the creek was dammed and a
tide mill built on the causeway - still known as
Millbridge. The site of Victoria Park was the mill
pond; also known as the ‘Deadlake’.
Rai l way S tat ion
Plotting Plymouth’s Past
The City’s surviving boundary stones,
mileposts and other markers add great interest
to the local landscape. There were once over
1000 stones and markers across the wider
City of Plymouth area, but many have been
lost through redevelopment. The ‘Plotting
Plymouth’s Past’ project aims to raise awareness
and interest in the surviving stones, helping to
safeguard them into the future.
What Else Makes Plymouth Unique?
Stonehouse Leat & Banks
Robert Liscombe, Hartley
Three Towns
Stoke Damerel Manor
Plympton St Mary
The City of Plymouth provides a unique
assemblage of boundary stones. The historic
Three Towns of Plymouth, Devonport and East
Stonehouse were quite separate until the
amalgamation in 1914. Surrounding parishes
were steadily absorbed into the growing towns,
and neighbouring villages and towns now form
part of the modern City. These towns and
parishes all erected boundary stones.
There has long been a
military presence and
the military erected
their own boundary
stones. Plymouth
remains home to the
Royal Navy, the Royal
Marines and the Army.
For over 70 years there
was also a Royal Air
Force establishment.
The sites of barracks,
War Department, Stonehouse
bases, depots,
dockyards, fortifications and other facilities, past
and present, are dotted across the City.
Nazareth House, Stonehouse (PPP-PMM NH 3)
middle: Great Western Railway (PPP-PMM GWR 12)
Post Office Telegraph (PPP-PMM TM 16)
Some larger private property owners also marked
their boundaries, including the Great Western
Railway. There is also a series of stones marking
the course of the Stonehouse Leat.
Plymouth Corporation (PPP-BSPC 9)
middle: Devonport County Borough (PPP-BSDB 10)
East Stonehouse (PPP-BSES 29)
War Department, Crownhill
Admiralty, Devonport
(PPP-WD SB 18)
(PPP-Ad DSY 7)
You can help
Plotting Plymouth’s Past (PPP)
Many surviving stones no longer mark an original
boundary. Often, the original owner no longer has an
interest. Few stones or markers are ‘listed’ or have any
protection. ‘Plotting Plymouth’s Past’ aims to raise
awareness. The more people that take an interest, the
better the chance of trying to keep surviving stones in
Between 2012 and 2014, an up to date survey of
surviving boundary stones, mileposts and markers
was completed across the City of Plymouth. Over
550 stones have been surveyed. Basic details and
much additional information is available at
Do you know of a stone or marker at risk from road
works or redevelopment? Are you aware of a stone
that has been uprooted or damaged?
We need you to help keep watch. Maybe you, or your
local school, or a local group to which you belong,
could informally 'adopt' a stone down your street - or
several stones in your neighbourhood? If you feel a
stone is under threat, please let us know.
Finally, there are milestones, each survivor still
unique to its location.
Plotting Plymouth's
Discovering Plymouth’s
boundary stones, mileposts
and other markers
Taking the Boundary Stone Trail
Follow the map overleaf to find the boundary stones.
Look at the key notes for additional help in locating
each stone and for further information, including the
PPP database reference number.
Choose to look for a few stones - or see if you can
find them all!
When looking for stones, please take care near roads
and traffic or when walking around parked cars.
A Plymouth Hoe and Environs Military & Municipal
Boundary Stone Trail is also available on line.
Do you know of any stones or markers that we have
not yet recorded?
Some stones are now on private land, even in people’s
gardens. Some are lost in undergrowth or buried.
Please let us know if you discover a stone that we
have yet to find and record.
How to Contact Us
Old Plymouth Society: for Society contacts.
Email: [email protected]
Head the email OPS / Plotting Plymouth's Past.
If urgent, please phone: 01752 304774 and explain
it’s about boundary stones.
To the small team of volunteers involved and all of
those who have helped along the way.
The Old Plymouth Society’s ‘Plotting Plymouth's Past’
project was grant aided by the Heritage Lottery Fund,
supported by The Milestone Society and Plymouth
City Council Arts and Heritage.
Camel’s Head Milestone
(PPP-MS 3)
Fallen War Department Stone
Featuring the Victoria Park
Three Towns Boundary Stone Trail