starter activity Listen to the account of a murder. How similar is this fifteenth century image to the original 12th century account? Who was responsible for Becket’s death? Aims To analyse reasons for differing accounts of Becket’s death To study the key events leading to his murder To produce an account of the death from a biased perspective Henry & Becket as friends Henry & Becket as friends 1154 Henry becomes king Becket becomes chancellor (chief adviser) Work together to ensure country is run well and barons administer justice fairly Church courts Church courts Church courts were being lenient towards priests and monks Becket becomes archbishop Becket becomes Archbishop Henry appoints Becket as Archbishop of Canterbury in 1161 Becket goes through a character transformation He becomes pious and takes the job very seriously! Constitutions of Clarendon Constitutions of Clarendon Henry passes a law, Constitutions of Clarendon in 1164 Church court cases must now be held in king’s courts Becket agrees, but then changes his mind Becket flees the country Becket flees the country Realizing he is danger, Becket flees England Seeks exile at Pontigny Abbey, France Henry is furious! Coronation of Henry’s son Coronation of Henry’s son Henry asks Archbishop of York to crown his son This was Becket’s job Becket is furious! Reconciliation Reconciliation Becket & Henry meet in France in July 1170 Becket returns to England Henry remains in Normandy to deal with matters in his lands Becket breaks Henry’s trust Becket breaks Henry’s trust Within days of his return, Becket excommunicates all barons & bishops who had supported Henry Asks Pope to punish the Archbishop of York Henry loses his patience Henry loses his patience One bishop tells Henry, “While Thomas lives, you will not have peace and quiet, nor see good days” Henry cries out “Are you all cowards? Will no one rid me of this troublesome priest?” Four knights overhear Henry Four knights overhear Henry Four knights, led by Reginald FitzUrse decide to speak to Becket on Henry’s behalf Henry sent a messenger, but he was too late! Your task Role cards Learn about the stormy relationship of Becket and Henry II. Work in groups of 4 or 5 maximum to recreate the events of their relationship using tableaux. You have 10 minutes to prepare and then you will perform your tableaux to the class and they must guess which part of the story is being represented.
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