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Name: _________________________________ Period:________ Unit 2
CHAPTER 6: Securing Independence, Defining Nationhood, 1776-1788
I. TRUE OR FALSE: Mark the following true or false – if the statement is false, correct it to
make it true.
1.
__F__ The American Revolution was both a war with Britain and a civil war between Patriots and
Whigs.
2.
__F__ British advantages during the war included the British Navy, a professional army, and they
were fighting on their home ground.
3.
____The smaller, inexperienced Continental Army fought face-to-face battles with the British
army, largely because conducting a guerilla war would not prove America’s ability to beat the
British, and might scare off potential European support of the patriots.
4.
____After crossing the Delaware River in the winter of 1776, Washington scored surprise
victories at Trenton and Princeton.
5.
__F__ Britain’s main strategy during 1777 was to capture and occupy Philadelphia. (Might say
focus was on cutting the colonies in two in NY. Might say True because of Howe’s campaign)
6.
__F__ The Battle of Yorktown finally demonstrated that the Americans could win a big battle and
convinced the French to join on the side of the Patriots.
7.
____The major fighting of the Revolutionary War began in New England, then moved to the
middle colonies, and ended in the south. (Might say fighting in west took place before south)
8.
____ John Adams, John Jay, and Ben Franklin represented the United States at the Paris peace
negotiations.
9.
____In the 1783 Peace of Paris, the northern border of the U.S. was the St. Lawrence River.
(Might say Canada)
10. ____A key issue of the negotiations at Paris was the treatment of British loyalists.
11. __F__ As part of the Peace of Paris, the Americans agreed to terminate the Franco-American
alliance.
12. ____Legislatures of new state govts. were intentionally stronger than governors of those states.
13. __F__ Since Spain signed a separate treaty ending the war with the British Spain was not bound
by the agreement between the English and Americans to allow unhindered commerce on the
Mississippi River and through the Port of New Orleans.
14. ____Despite the fundamental flaws of the Articles of Confederation, the Confederation
government was responsible for several important accomplishments of lasting importance.
15. ____Shays’s Rebellion underscored the fact that the national government was too weak.
16. __F__Delegates at an Annapolis, Maryland economic conference planned to call for the complete
revocation of the Articles of Confederation in favor of a new constitution. (Fix only)
17. __F__The major controversy at the Philadelphia Convention was the one over what to do with
western lands claimed by the states. (Balance between lg and sm states)
18. __F__ The (Anti-)Federalists demanded inclusion of a list of specific individual rights before they
would agree to the Constitution.
19. ____Anti-Federalist arguments against the Constitution reflected long-standing Anglo-American
suspicion of concentrated national power.
20. ____Ratification of the Constitution was obtained by a promise of a bill of rights amended to the
Constitution.
NAME _________________________ PERIOD: _______________ UNIT 2
CHAPTER 6: Securing Independence, Defining Nationhood, 1776-1788
II. IDENTIFICATION: Supply the correct identification for each item.
1.
The Political term for those American colonials who remained loyal to the King during the
Revolution. _________Loyalists or Tories______________
2.
These German mercenaries were hired by the British, causing deep resentment among the
American colonials. ____________Hessians______________
3.
This German soldier is often referred to as the “drillmaster” of the revolution because of his
efforts to provide training and discipline to Washington’s troops at Valley Forge. ____Von
Stueben_____
4.
He was the pro-British Iroquois leader whose forces slew hundred of American settlers in the
frontiers of Pennsylvania and New York from 1778 to 1780. ________Brandt___________
5.
This was the last battle of the war. The Americans won with the assistance of the French navy
under De Grasse, which prevented the British navy from coming to the rescue.
_____________Yorktown____________________
6.
He was the British general in command who surrendered to Washington. ___Cornwallis______
7.
He was the American traitor who left the Continental army to fight with the British.
_______Arnold_________
8.
This was the treaty that ended the Revolutionary War. ________Treaty of Paris______
9.
This law provided for the survey and sale of western land. _____Land Ordinance 1785_________
10. This law provided for the orderly transformation of territories into states. _____Northwest Ord___
11. This was considered the first Constitution of the U.S. ___Articles of Confederation______
12. He was responsible for organizing the financial structure of the new country. ___Rbt Morris____
13. The western Massachusetts uprising that led in part to the calling of the Philadelphia Convention
in 1787. _______Shays’s Rebellion_______
14. The “big state” plan that proposed that representation in Congress would be apportioned based on
the population of each state. _______Virginia Plan_______________
15. The so-called “small state” plan proposed to have equal representation in the Congress regardless
of the population of the various states. ______New Jersey Plan______________
16. Name given to the plan that provided for a bicameral legislature with representation in the upper
house based equal and representation in the lower house based on population. _Great or
Connecticut Comp.___
17. The essays written by Hamilton, Jay, and Madison designed to convince New York to ratify the
new Constitution. ______Federalist Papers__________
18. The Leader of the Federalists and later the first Treasury Secretary. __Alex Hamilton______
19. The principle of the Constitution that gives each branch of the central government the power to
block the actions of the other branches of the government. ___Checks and Balances__________
20. The man who earned the title “Father of the Constitution” because of his work at the convention.
_______Madison_________
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