TOPIC 4 COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL TRAINING; designs to improve thinking, self-awareness and performance au

designs to improve thinking, self-awareness and performance
From Mark’s green book –
Cognitive Behavioural Training: a How-to Guide for Successful Behaviour
Mark Le Messurier, for
designs to improve thinking, self-awareness and performance
From Mark’s green book –
Cognitive Behavioural Training: a How-to Guide for Successful Behaviour
Cognitive Behavioural Training
Highlights the significance of;
- connections between thinking, feeling and behaving
- the possibilities of what we CAN DO!
Sources for educators and parents to build sensible CBT understandings
It is possible to unlearn habits that aren’t working
by learning new ones that work better
CBT tip
“Your brain is like a muscle
The more you use it, the more you
can use it
Every time you learn something new
your brain makes a new connection
Learning and thinking causes new
brain pathways
Strive to learn something new every
day and you’ll get smarter”
Professor Fiona Stanley, 2009
CBT tip
“It’s vital that we modify for their inconsistencies as students with
executive functioning difficulties do not have the capacity to do this
themselves. Simple visual strategies offer an effective and external
way to do this.”
Jenks , 2009
CBT tip
CBT tip
Such exercises help
students build a visual
profile of their functioning
“Sometimes, by gaining
feedback and having the
chance to discuss
comparisons , a new
awareness is stirred, and a
student’s thoughts can turn
to making change”
Continue to coach looking and listening skills
CBT tip
Model these skills yourself
Discuss what they look like
Play listening games
Read to kids to support listening
Hold an object to cue kids to listen
Use a different voice – whisper!
Gently touch them on the arm
Chunk instructions into small bits
Get them to repeat the instruction
Aim to give the instruction once
Praise kids for looking & listening
Normalise ASD
CBT tip
Giorcelli’s Islands of
“There are areas that children feel
successful about. However, these
are often forgotten about in the
hubbub of day-to-day schooling.
Reinforce that diversity is valued
and really does exist!”
Loretta Giorcelli, 2006
ASD movies, series and docos
Temple Grandin, 2010
Adam, 2009
The Horse Boy, 2009
The Black Balloon, 2008
Mozart and The Whale, 2005
The Other Sister, 1999
I Am Sam, 1998
Rain Man, 1989
The Boy Who Could Fly, 1986
Parenthood - Max
Big Bang Theory - Sheldon
Doc Martin - Martin
HEROES and role models
Setting individual goals with students
Positive reinforcers
• extra computer time
• loss of a privilege
• Lego, etc
•loss of free/ play time
• canteen vouchers
• helping the person upset
• puzzles and board games
• placed elsewhere in class
• a toy
• time in another class
• a snack
• time out or rethink time
• free time in the library
• internal suspension
• collector cards
•writing an apology
•choosing a lucky-dip
• community service
• tokens; fake money, points or
stickers, later exchanged
Based on research of Barkley, 2010; Cameron & Pierce, 2009; Fabes, 1999; Hendley, 2007; Lepper, 1996; Maag, 2001; etc, etc
Setting individual goals
Group contingency
(token reinforcement ideas in class)
“The emotional and pleasure seeking parts of the brain are closely connected. A
cognitive approach (choice and consequence) has its place, but never, never
underestimate the gains that can be made through emotion and pleasure.
Work at developing emotional feedback structures for students.”
Dr. Robert Barkley, 2013
keep track of
cooperative behaviours
‘Yes Jars’
Red-hot ticket giveaway
Star charts
Raffle Tickets
Lucky dips
Gift ‘cut ups’
DS, computer games and DVD ‘cut ups’
Dinner time - a bright idea!
Technology; iRewardChart
A clever point system
“Studies repeatedly
reveal that self-talk
training results in an
increase in task
persistence and
helps to selfregulate learning
CBT tip
‘Goals do several things.
They narrow the attention span to the task.
They provide hope.
They provide anticipation of pleasure which triggers
the body’s feel good chemicals, the endorphins!’
Jensen, 2010
CBT tip
“Clinical trials tell us, over
and over, that individuals
make the best gains when
we set realistic goals and
offer more frequent and
constructive feedback.”
Glasson, 2013
Teach friendship to BELONG
CBT tip
Good ‘social skill’ programs
Bounce Back,
Cool Kids Program,
Coolness Under Pressure,
FisT: Feeling is Thinking,
Friendly Kids, Friendly Classrooms,
Friends For Life,
Play is the Way,
Resourceful Adolescent Program (RAP),
Rock and Water Program,
Stop Think Do SS Training,
Thinking, Feeling, Behaving,
You Can Do It Education,
BIG feelings –
CBT tip
anxiety and disappointment
Use a ‘Worry scale’ to keep anxiety in
Quash worry by training your mind to
switch to happy, creative thoughts,
and stick with them. Create new
Give yourself permission to worry
just once a day – take control!
Make a worry book or worry box
Conquer the worry with sensible,
logical and balanced thinking
Always deal with worries in the
Teach the ‘Sunshine shower’
“Let the sunshine rescue you! Move to a spot where you can be alone for
a bit. Sit, close your eyes and be still. Turn your back so you can feel the
warmth of the sun on it, and enjoy! Now think of something you like; a
video game, a movie, a place you enjoyed visiting, a good time with
family, or think of something you’re looking forward to. Spend a few
moments with these happy thoughts. They’ll help you to feel calmer.
Then, return to what you were doing with a plan to make things better.”
Approved and endorsed by KidsMatter
Madhavi Nawana Parker
Behaviour Consultant
Teaching relaxation
CBT tip
Gathering up external
sources of support inspires
and buoys the internal
motivation of any individual
Strengthening BELONGING
CBT tip
Baumeister, R.F., Mele, A.R., & Vohs, K.D. (Eds.) (2010). Free Will and
Consciousness: How Might They Work? New York: Oxford University Press.