Document 388124

 U.
of Mississippi
 Brooklyn
 Discrimination
 U.
of Alabama
N.C. A&T
 segregation
 Young
 Aggressive
 Segregation,
Black power
then integrate
 Self-determination,
 Black
neighborhood help
 1961
 Violence
 Mississippi,
 Suffrage
Police dogs attacked a seventeen-year-old civil rights demonstrator for defying an antiparade
ordinance in Birmingham, Alabama, May 3, 1963. He was part of the “children’s crusade”
organized by SCLC in its campaign to fill the city jails with protesters. More than 900
Birmingham schoolchildren went to jail that day. SOURCE:Photo by Bill Hudson.AP/Wide World Photos.
MAP 28.2 Impact of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 Voter registration among African
Americans in the South increased significantly between 1960 and 1971.
 Mexicans
 Puerto
 Japanese
 Influence?
 ++
 Problems?
discrimination, exploitation
 Social
Exploitation, war, racism
 Radical
 White
 Ethnic
 “Chicano”
– young Mexican-Americans, 1960’s
Ethnic nationalism
 9/16/69
– National boycott
 Young
 Brown
Air, water
April 22, 1970
First Earth Day
 Violence
 “Gay
 1973
– APA, homosexuality normal sexual
MAP 29.1 Urban Uprisings, 1965–1968 After World War II urban uprisings precipitated by
racial conflict increased in African American communities. In Watts in 1965 and in Detroit and
Newark in 1967, rioters struck out at symbols of white control of their communities, such
as white-owned businesses and residential properties.
 Watts
Black-White relations
FIGURE 29.4 Public Opinion on the War in Vietnam By 1969 Americans were sharply
divided in their assessments of the progress of the war and peace negotiations. The
American Institute of Public Opinion, founded in 1935 by George Gallup, charted a growing
dissatisfaction with the war in Vietnam. SOURCE:The Gallup Poll:Public Opinion,1935 –74 (New York:Random House,1974),p.2189.
MAP 29.2 The Southeast Asian War The IndoChinese subcontinent, home to long-standing
regional conflict, became the center of a
prolonged war with the United States.
 Longest
 Communism
 North
vs. South
 Vietnamization
April 30, 1975
The massive bombing and ground combat
created huge numbers of civilian
casualties in Vietnam. The majority killed
were women and children.
SOURCE:BlackStar/Stockphoto WQXQZ4TN.
African American troops in Vietnam, 1970. Serving on the front lines in disproportionate
numbers, many black soldiers echoed the growing racial militancy in the United States and
increasingly chose to spend their off-duty time apart from white soldiers. SOURCE:Mark Jury, The Vietnam Photo Book .
On May 8, 1970 New York construction workers surged into Wall Street in Lower Manhattan,
violently disrupting an antiwar rally and attacking the protesters with lead pipes and crowbars.
Known as the “hard hat riots,” the well-publicized event was followed later in the month by a
march, 100,000 strong, of hard-hat workers unfurling American flags and chanting “All the
way U.S.A.” SOURCE:Associated Press,AP photo 6297753.
 College students
 Vietnamese
 Communism
 Diffusion:
U.S. and other places
 Orange County
 50’s
– Beat generation
 60’s
– Hippies
 Women
 Communal
Sexual experimentation – pill
 Drugs: LSD
 Marijuana
 Sexual
Hippies, youngsters
 Liberal
free speech policies
 Penthouse, Hustler
 Porn movies
S.F. Valley
Bob Dylan
Protest, freedom
New Black R&B
 Detroit
 Music,
drugs, youth
 Fania
1972 election: Nixon
Wiretap Democratic headquarters: Watergate
Caught by security
1974, resigns
Richard Nixon bid a final farewell to his White House staff as he left Washington DC on August 9,
1974. The first president to resign from office, Nixon had become so entangled in the Watergate
scandal that his impeachment appeared certain. He was succeeded by Vice-President Gerald Ford.
After taking the oath of office later that day, President Ford remarked that the wounds of Watergate
were “more painful and more poisonous than those of foreign wars.” SOURCE:Bettmann/Corbis BE 023919.