Welcome to... Companion PowerPoint Presentation for the textbook

Welcome to...
Companion PowerPoint
Presentation for the
Introduction to Housing
Vernacular (Folk) Houses
Built for shelter with little concern for popular
Traditional—based on a local model & uses
local materials & construction techniques
• Modern Vernacular—more typical of
vernacular architecture today
uses readily available materials, not
necessarily of local origins
uses traditional construction
is based on a variety of models
Early colonization:
Adapted European concepts
Centered around a large fireplace (heat,
light & food preparation)
Stone, but wood better choice in America
Simple, small & built by family members
Hall and Parlor Cottage
• Fireplace
• Steep roof
• Gabled roof with the sloped sides parallel
to the front door (side as opposed to front
• Hall was the public & work area while the
parlor was used for sleeping
Cape Cod
• Most popular in the 18th century; major
revival in mid-20th century
• Story and a half with side gable &
centered front door
• Dormers facing the front & symmetrically
placed windows
Georgian Style
• Hired builders—more attention to
• Divided interior spaces
• Primary style until early 19th century
• Inspired by classic Greek & Roman design
• Windows were large with numerous panes
• Entry door capped by decorative crown
Greek Revival Style
• In the early 19th century the ideal home was a
single family detached homestead surrounded
by a garden
• Importance of the home in the new democracy—
search for identity
• Attracted to the birthplace of democracy—
• Popular up to Civil War
• Lower slope & front gable
• Porches with columns; half-round windows
Gothic Revival Style
• Competition between styles in the 1840s
due to plan books
• More picturesque—muted colors instead
of white
• Irregular shape
• More decorative
• Steeply pitched roof with decorative barge
boards on the gable ends
Mid-19th century innovations
• Commercial saw mills—stud frame construction
(2” x 4”) & machine made nails—could have
more angles: light frame construction
• Cast iron stove that could be located out of view;
less impact on design
• Central heating
• Railroads providing shipment of lumber &
millwork (architectural trim & decorative
Victorian Era Home Styles
• Modern suburban homes
• House should have an organic form & be
set in a suburban setting with trees &
gardens (middle class)
• Promoted by plan books & land
developers—time of self-improvement &
• Complex exterior forms and roof lines to
add aesthetic interest
Multiple gables, towers & bay windows
Wide porches
Variety of siding types
Elaborately detailed millwork
Interiors were also heavily ornamented
with elaborate woodwork & multiple
special purpose spaces
• Hand work
Craftsman or Bungalow Style
• Early 20th century—reaction to excess
• Home economics & smaller families
• Smaller & simpler homes—one or one and
a half story set on high basement
• Low pitched roof with wide eaves
• Porches under main roof supported by
• Natural materials & colors
Prairie Style
Credited to Frank Lloyd Wright
Usually 2 stories
Low pitched hipped roof wide overhangs
Horizontal focus
Many variations
Tudor Style
• Eclectic styles of the 1920s
• English-trained architects
• Development of brick veneer &
stucco construction techniques
• Variety of steeply pitched roofs
• Tall windows
• Prominent chimney
Post WW 2
• Pent up housing demand
• Development of large subdivisions
• Smaller homes on larger lots—allowed
long side of house to face street with
space for a car along side the house
Ranch Style
Prevalent style today, with many variations
Inspired by western ranch homes
Started as one level & attached garage
Set lower to the ground with little if any
exposed basement
• Sprawling in form
• Side facing gables with low slopes & wide
• No single style has replaced the ranch
• Many variations— split level, raised ranch
& two story ranch
• Older styles also selectively incorporated
into housing
Focus now:
Construction & detail
Alternate building techniques
Green materials
Energy efficiency
Thread—importance of housing to families &
American society over time