Palo Alto Networks VM-Series Deployment Guide PAN-OS 6.1 ®

Palo Alto Networks
®
VM-Series Deployment Guide
PAN-OS 6.1
Contact Information
Corporate Headquarters:
Palo Alto Networks
4401 Great America Parkway
Santa Clara, CA 95054
http://www.paloaltonetworks.com/contact/contact/
About this Guide
This guide describes how to set up and license the VM-Series firewall; it is
intended for administrators who want to deploy the VM-Series firewall.
For more information, refer to the following sources:

PAN-OS Administrator's Guide– for instructions on configuring the
features on the firewall.

https://paloaltonetworks.com/documentation– for access to the
knowledge base, complete documentation set, discussion forums, and videos.

https://support.paloaltonetworks.com– for contacting support, for
information on the support programs, or to manage your account or
devices.

For the latest release notes, go to the software downloads page at
https://support.paloaltonetworks.com/Updates/SoftwareUpdates.
To provide feedback on the documentation, please write to us at:
[email protected]
Palo Alto Networks, Inc.
www.paloaltonetworks.com
© 2014 Palo Alto Networks Inc. All rights reserved.
Palo Alto Networks, and PAN-OS are registered trademarks of Palo Alto
Networks, Inc.
Revision Date: October 27, 2014
ii
Table of Contents
About the VM-Series Firewall. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
VM-Series Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
VM-Series Deployments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Create a Support Account . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Register the VM-Series Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Activate the License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Upgrade the PAN-OS Software Version (Standalone Version) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Upgrade the PAN-OS Software Version (NSX Edition) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Upgrade the VM-Series Model. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Supported Deployments on VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
System Requirements and Limitations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Limitations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Install a VM-Series firewall on VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Provision the VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Perform Initial Configuration on the VM-Series on ESXi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Troubleshoot ESXi Deployments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Basic Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Installation Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Licensing Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Connectivity Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
About the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
System Requirements and Limitations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Requirements. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Limitations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Scenario 1—Secure North-South Traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Scenario 2—Secure East-West Traffic (VM-Series Firewall on Citrix SDX) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Install the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Upload the Image to the SDX Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Provision the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Using L3 Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Using Layer 2 (L2) or Virtual Wire Interfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Before the NetScaler VPX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Secure East-West Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
VM-Series Deployment Guide
iii
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What are the Components of the NSX Edition Solution?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How Do the Components in the NSX Edition Solution Work Together?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
What are the Benefits of the NSX Edition Solution?. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
48
49
53
59
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Deployment Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Create a Device Group and Template on Panorama . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62
Register the VM-Series Firewall as a Service on the NSX Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Enable SpoofGuard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Define an IP Address Pool . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specify the Port Groups from Which to Redirect Traffic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prepare the ESXi Host for the VM-Series Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deploy the Palo Alto Networks NGFW Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
66
67
69
70
71
72
Create Policies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Define Policies on the NSX Manager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76
Apply Policies to the VM-Series Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Steer Traffic from Guests that are not Running VMware Tools. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
About the VM-Series Firewall in AWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Deployments Supported in AWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Obtain the AMI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Review System Requirements and Limitations for VM-Series in AWS. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Planning Worksheet for the VM-Series in the AWS VPC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Launch the VM-Series Firewall in AWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
91
91
91
92
93
Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
Use Case: Use Dynamic Address Groups to Secure New EC2 Instances within the VPC . . . . . . . . . . . . 113
List of Attributes Monitored on the AWS VPC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Use Case: VM-Series Firewalls as GlobalProtect Gateways in AWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
Components of the GlobalProtect Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Deploy GlobalProtect Gateways in AWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
VM-Series on KVM— Requirements and Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options for Attaching the VM-Series on the Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Prerequisites . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
122
122
123
123
Supported Deployments on KVM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Secure Traffic on a Single Host . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126
Secure Traffic Across Linux hosts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
Install the VM-Series Firewall on KVM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Enable the Use of a SCSI Controller. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Verify PCI-ID for Ordering of Network Interfaces on the VM-Series Firewall . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
About the VM-Series Firewall
The Palo Alto Networks VM-Series firewall is the virtualized form of the Palo Alto Networks next-generation
firewall. It is positioned for use in a virtualized or cloud environment where it can protect and secure east-west
and north-south traffic.

VM-Series Models

VM-Series Deployments

License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall
VM-Series Deployment Guide
1
VM-Series Models
About the VM-Series Firewall
VM-Series Models
The VM-Series firewall is available in four models—VM-100, VM-200, VM-300, and VM-1000-HV.
All four models can be deployed as guest virtual machines on VMware ESXi and on Citrix NetScaler SDX; on
VMWare NSX, only the VM-1000-HV is supported. The software package (.xva or .ovf file) that is used to deploy
the VM-Series firewall is common across all models. The VM-Series model is driven by license; when you apply
the license on the VM-Series firewall, the model number and the associated capacities are implemented on the
firewall.
Each model can be purchased as an Individual or an Enterprise version. The Individual version is in multiples
of 1. The orderable SKU, for example PA-VM-300, includes an auth-code to license one instance of the
VM-Series firewall. The Enterprise version is available in multiples of 25. For example, the orderable SKU
PAN-VM-100-ENT has a single auth-code that allows you to register 25 instances of the VM-100.
Each model of the VM-Series firewall is licensed for a maximum capacity. Capacity is defined in terms of the
number of sessions, rules, security zones, address objects, IPSec VPN tunnels and SSL VPN tunnels that the
VM-Series firewall is optimized to handle. When purchasing a license, make sure to purchase the correct model
for your network requirements. The following table depicts some of the capacity differences by model:
Model
Sessions
Security
Rules
Dynamic IP
Addresses
Security Zones
IPSec VPN
Tunnels
SSL VPN
Tunnels
VM-100
50000
250
1000
10
25
25
VM-200
100000
2000
1000
20
500
200
VM-300
250000
5000
1000
40
2000
500
VM-1000-HV
250000
10000
100000
40
2000
500
For information on the platforms on which you can deploy the VM-Series firewall, see VM-Series Deployments.
For general information, see About the VM-Series Firewall.
2
VM-Series Deployment Guide
About the VM-Series Firewall
VM-Series Deployments
VM-Series Deployments
The VM-Series firewall can be deployed on the following platforms:

VM-Series for VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi)
VM-100, VM-200, VM-300, or VM-1000-HV is deployed as guest virtual machine on VMware ESXi; ideal
for cloud or networks where virtual form factor is required.
For details, see Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server.

VM-Series for VMware NSX
The VM-1000-HV is deployed as a network introspection service with VMware NSX, and Panorama. This
deployment is ideal for east-west traffic inspection, and it also can secure north-south traffic.
For details, see Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall

VM-Series for Citrix SDX
VM-100, VM-200, VM-300, or VM-1000-HV is deployed as guest virtual machine on Citrix NetScaler SDX;
consolidates ADC and security services for multi-tenant and Citrix XenApp/XenDesktop deployments.
For details, see Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
VM-Series Deployment Guide
3
VM-Series Deployments

About the VM-Series Firewall
VM-Series for Amazon Web Services (AWS)
VM-100, VM-200, VM-300, or VM-1000-HV can be deployed on EC2 instances in the AWS Cloud.
For details, see Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS.

VM-Series for Kernel Virtualization Module (KVM)
VM-100, VM-200, VM-300, or VM-1000-HV can be deployed on a Linux server that is running the KVM
hypervisor. For details, see Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM.
Here is a brief look at some of the requirements for deploying the VM-Series firewall:
Deployment
Hypervisor
Versions
Supported
Base Image Required from the Palo Alto Relevant Capacity
Networks Support Portal
Licenses
5.0, 5.1, and 5.5 PAN-OS for VM-Series Base Images
VM-Series for VMware
vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi)
For example, the download-able image
(without VMware NSX)
name reads as: PA-VM-6.1.0.zip
VM-100
VM-200
VM-300
VM-1000-HV
VM-Series for VMware
NSX
5.5
PAN-OS for VM-Series NSX Base Images
VM-1000-HV
For example, the download-able image
name reads as: PA-VM-NSX-6.0.0.zip
vSphere with VMware NSX
and Panorama
VM-Series for Citrix SDX
SDX version
10.1+
XenServer version
6.0.2 or later
PAN-OS for VM-Series SDX Base Images
VM-100
For example, the download-able image
name reads as: PA-VM-SDX-6.1.0.zip
VM-200
VM-300
VM-1000-HV
VM-Series for AWS
N/A
N/A
VM-100
VM-200
VM-300
VM-1000-HV
VM-Series for KVM
KVM on the
PAN-OS for VM-Series KVM Base Images
following Linux For example, the download-able image
distributions:
name reads as: PA-VM-6.1.0.qcow2
• Ubuntu:
12.04 LTS
VM-100
VM-200
VM-300
VM-1000-HV
• CentOS/
RedHat
Enterprise
Linux: 6.5
4
VM-Series Deployment Guide
About the VM-Series Firewall
License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall
License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall
When you purchase a VM-Series firewall, you receive a set of authorization codes over email. Typically the email
includes authorization code(s) to license the VM-Series model you purchased (VM-100, VM-200, VM300,
VM-1000-HV), support entitlement that provides access to software/content updates (for example,
PAN-SVC-PREM-VM-100 SKU auth-code), and any additional subscriptions such as Threat Prevention, URL
Filtering, GlobalProtect, or WildFire. In the case of the VMware integrated NSX solution, the email contains a
single authorization code that bundles the capacity license for one or more instances of the VM-1000-HV
model, the support entitlement, and one or more subscription licenses.
To use the authorization code(s), you must register the code to the support account on the Palo Alto Network
support portal. If you have an existing support account, you can access the VM-Series Authentication Code link
on the support portal to manage your VM-Series firewall licenses and download the software.
If you do not have an existing support account, you must use the capacity auth-code to register and create an
account on the support portal. After your account is verified and the registration is complete, you will be able
to log in and download the software package required to install the VM-Series firewall. For details on activating
the license for your deployment, refer to the relevant section in Activate the License.
If you have an evaluation copy of the VM-Series firewall and would like to convert it to a fully
licensed (purchased) copy, clone your VM-Series firewall and use the instructions to register and
license the purchased copy of your VM-Series firewall. For instructions, see Upgrade the
VM-Series Model.
To license your VM-Series firewall, see the following sections:

Create a Support Account

Register the VM-Series Firewall

Activate the License

Upgrade the PAN-OS Software Version (Standalone Version)

Upgrade the PAN-OS Software Version (NSX Edition)

Upgrade the VM-Series Model
For instructions on installing your VM-Series firewall, see VM-Series Deployments.
Create a Support Account
A support account is required to manage your VM-Series firewall licenses and to download the software package
required to install the VM-Series firewall. If you have an existing support account, continue with Register the
VM-Series Firewall.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
5
License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall
About the VM-Series Firewall
Create a Support Account
1.
Log in to https://support.paloaltonetworks.com.
2.
Click Register and fill in the details in the user registration form. You must use the capacity auth-code and the
purchase or sales order number to register and create an account on the support portal.
3.
Submit the form. You will receive an email with a link to activate the user account; complete the steps to activate the
account.
After your account is verified and the registration is complete, you will be able to log in and download the software
package required to install the VM-Series firewall.
Register the VM-Series Firewall
Use the instructions in this section to register your capacity auth-code with your support account.
Register the VM-Series Firewall
1.
Log in to https://support.paloaltonetworks.com with your account credentials.
2.
Select Assets and click Add VM-Series Auth-Codes.
3.
In the Add VM-Series Auth-Code field, enter the capacity auth-code you received by email, and click the checkmark
on the far right to save your input. The page will display the list of auth-codes registered to your support account.
You can track the number of VM-Series firewalls that have been deployed and the number of licenses that are still
available for use against each auth-code. When all the available licenses are used, the auth-code does not display on
the VM-Series Auth-Codes page. To view all the assets that are deployed, select Assets > Devices.
6
VM-Series Deployment Guide
About the VM-Series Firewall
License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall
Activate the License
To activate the license on your VM-Series firewall, you must have deployed the VM-Series firewall and
completed initial configuration. For instructions to deploy the VM-Series firewall, see VM-Series Deployments.
Until you activate the license on the VM-Series firewall, the firewall does not have a serial number, the MAC
address of the dataplane interfaces are not unique, and only a minimal number of sessions are supported.
Because the MAC addresses are not unique until the firewall is licensed, to prevent issues caused by overlapping
MAC addresses, make sure that you do not have multiple, unlicensed VM-Series firewalls.
When you activate the license, the licensing server uses the UUID and the CPU ID of the virtual machine to
generate a unique serial number for the VM-Series firewall. The capacity auth-code in conjunction with the serial
number is used to validate your entitlement.
After you license a VM-Series firewall, if you delete and redeploy the VM-Series firewall on the same host
(typically occurs only in a lab environment), use a unique name when redeploying the firewall. Using a unique
name ensures that the UUID assigned to the firewall is not the same as that assigned to the deleted instance of
the firewall. A unique UUID is required to complete the licensing process without any problems.

Activate the License for the VM-Series Firewall (Standalone Version)

Activate the License for the VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Activate the License for the VM-Series Firewall (Standalone Version)
To activate the license on your VM-Series firewall, you must have deployed the VM-Series firewall and
completed initial configuration.
Activate the License
1.
Select Device >Licenses and select the Activate feature using
authentication code link.
2.
To activate the license, the firewall must be
configured with an IP address, netmask, default
gateway, and DNS server IP address.
Enter the capacity auth-code that you registered on the support
portal. The firewall will connect to the update server
(updates.paloaltonetworks.com), and download the license and
reboot automatically.
3.
Log back in to the web interface and confirm that the
Dashboard displays a valid serial number. If the term Unknown
displays, it means the device is not licensed.
4.
On Device > Licenses, verify that PA-VM license is added to the
device.
• If your VM-Series firewall has direct Internet
access.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
7
License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall
About the VM-Series Firewall
Activate the License
• If your VM-Series firewall does not have Internet 1.
access.
Select Device > Licenses and click the Activate Feature using
Auth Code link.
2.
Click Download Authorization File, and download the
authorizationfile.txt on the client machine.
3.
Copy the authorizationfile.txt to a computer that has access to the
Internet and log in to the support portal. Click My VM-Series
Auth-Codes link and select the applicable auth-code from the
list and click the Register VM link.
4.
On the Register Virtual Machine tab upload the authorization
file. This will complete the registration process and the serial
number of your VM-Series firewall will be attached to your
account records.
5.
Navigate to Assets > My Devices and search for the VM-Series
device just registered and click the PA-VM link. This will
download the VM-Series license key to the client machine.
6.
Copy the license key to the machine that can access the web
interface of the VM-Series firewall and navigate to Device >
Licenses.
7.
Click Manually Upload License link and enter the license key.
When the capacity license is activated on the firewall, a reboot
occurs.
8.
Log in to the device and confirm that the Dashboard displays a
valid serial number and that the PA-VM license displays in the
Device > Licenses tab.
Activate the License for the VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Panorama serves as the central point of administration for the VM-Series NSX edition firewalls and the license
activation process is automated. When a new VM-Series NSX edition firewall is deployed, it communicates with
Panorama to obtain the license. Therefore, you need to make sure that Panorama has internet access and can
connect to the Palo Alto Networks update server to retrieve the licenses. For an overview of the components
and requirements for deploying the VM-Series NSX edition firewall, see VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Overview.
For this integrated solution, the auth-code (for example, PAN-VM-!000-HV-SUB-BND-NSX2) includes
licenses for threat prevention, URL filtering and WildFire subscriptions and premium support for the requested
period.
In order to activate the license, you must have completed the following tasks:
8
VM-Series Deployment Guide
About the VM-Series Firewall
License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall

Registered the auth-code to the support account. If you don’t register the auth-code, the licensing server
will fail to create a license.

Configured the VMware Service Manager and entered this auth-code on Panorama. On Panorama, select
VMWare Service Manager to add the Authorization Code.
If you have purchased an evaluation auth-code, you can license up to 5 VM-Series firewalls with
the VM-1000-HV capacity license for a period of 30 or 60 days. Because this solution allows you
to deploy one VM-Series firewall per ESXi host, the ESXi cluster can include a maximum of 5
ESXi hosts when using an evaluation license.
In order to activate the licenses, complete the following tasks:

Verify that the VM-Series firewalls that you just deployed, display as Managed Devices and are connected to
Panorama.

Select Panorama > Device Deployment > Licenses and click Refresh. Select the VM-Series firewalls for which
to retrieve subscription licenses and click OK.
Panorama will apply the licenses to each firewall that has been deployed with the matching auth-code.
Upgrade the PAN-OS Software Version (Standalone Version)
Now that the VM-Series firewall has network connectivity and the base PAN-OS software is installed, consider
upgrading to the latest version of PAN-OS. Use the following instructions for firewalls that are not deployed in
a high availability (HA) configuration. For firewalls deployed in HA, refer to the PAN-OS 6.1 New Features
Guide.
Upgrade PAN-OS Version (Standalone Version)
1.
From the web interface, navigate to Device > Licenses and make sure you have the correct VM-Series firewall
license and that the license is activated.
On the VM-Series firewall standalone version, navigate to Device > Support and make sure that you have
activated the support license.
2.
(Required for a firewall that is in production) Save a backup of the current configuration file.
a. Select Device > Setup > Operations and click Export named configuration snapshot.
b. Select the XML file that contains your running configuration (for example, running-config.xml) and click
OK to export the configuration file.
c. Save the exported file to a location external to the firewall. You can use this backup to restore the
configuration if you have problems with the upgrade.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
9
License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall
About the VM-Series Firewall
Upgrade PAN-OS Version (Standalone Version)
3.
Check the Release Notes to verify the Content Release version required for the PAN-OS version. The
firewalls you plan to upgrade must be running the Content Release version required for the PAN-OS version.
a. Select Device > Dynamic Updates.
b. Check the Applications and Threats or Applications section to determine what update is currently
running.
c. If the firewall is not running the required update or later, click Check Now to retrieve a list of available
updates.
d. Locate the desired update and click Download.
e. After the download completes, click Install.
4.
Upgrade the PAN-OS version on the VM-Series firewall.
a. Select Device > Software.
b. Click Refresh to view the latest software release and also review the Release Notes to view a description
of the changes in a release and to view the migration path to install the software.
c. Click Download to retrieve the software then click Install.
Upgrade the PAN-OS Software Version (NSX Edition)
For the VM-Series Firewall NSX edition, use Panorama to upgrade the software version on the firewalls.
Upgrade VM-Series NSX Edition Firewalls Using Panorama
Step 1
Save a backup of the current
configuration file on each managed
firewall that you plan to upgrade.
1.
Although the firewall will
automatically create a backup of
2.
the configuration, it is a best
practice to create a backup prior to
upgrade and store it externally.
10
Select Device > Setup > Operations and click Export
Panorama and devices config bundle. This option is used to
manually generate and export the latest version of the
configuration backup of Panorama and of each managed
device.
Save the exported file to a location external to the firewall. You
can use this backup to restore the configuration if you have
problems with the upgrade.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
About the VM-Series Firewall
License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall
Upgrade VM-Series NSX Edition Firewalls Using Panorama
Step 2
1.
Check the Release Notes to verify the
Content Release version required for the 2.
PAN-OS version.
The firewalls you plan to upgrade must be
running the Content Release version
required for the PAN-OS version.
Step 3
Deploy software updates to selected
firewalls.
Click Download to download a selected version. After
successful download, the link in the Action column changes
from Download to Install.
4.
Click Install and select the devices on which you want to install
the update. When the installation completes, a check mark
displays in the Currently Installed column.
1.
Select Panorama > Device Deployment > Software.
2.
Check for the latest updates. Click Check Now (located in the
lower left-hand corner of the window) to check for the latest
updates. The link in the Action column indicates whether an
update is available.
Review the File Name and click Download. Verify that the
software versions that you download match the firewall models
deployed on your network. After successful download, the link
in the Action column changes from Download to Install.
4.
Click Install and select the devices on which you want to install
the software version.
5.
Select Reboot device after install, and click OK.
6.
If you have devices configured in HA, clear the Group HA
Peers check box and upgrade one HA peer at a time.
Verify the software and Content Release 1.
version running on each managed device. 2.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Check for the latest updates. Click Check Now (located in the
lower left-hand corner of the window) to check for the latest
updates. The link in the Action column indicates whether an
update is available. If a version is available, the Download link
displays.
3.
If your firewalls are configured in
HA, make sure to clear the Group
HA Peers check box and upgrade
3.
one HA peer at a time.
Step 4
Select Panorama > Device Deployment > Dynamic Updates.
Select Panorama > Managed Devices.
Locate the device(s) and review the content and software
versions on the table.
11
License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall
About the VM-Series Firewall
Upgrade the VM-Series Model
The licensing process for the VM-Series firewall uses the UUID and the CPU ID to generate a unique serial
number for each VM-Series firewall. Hence, when you generate a license, the license is mapped to a specific
instance of the VM-Series firewall and cannot be modified.
In order to apply a new capacity license to a firewall that has been previously licensed, you need to clone the
existing (fully configured) VM-Series firewall. During the cloning process, the firewall is assigned a unique
UUID, and you can therefore apply a new license to the cloned instance of the firewall.
Use the instructions in this section, if you are:

Migrating from an evaluation license to a production license.

Upgrading the model to allow for increased capacity. For example you want to upgrade from the VM-200 to
the VM-1000-HV license.
Migrate the License on the VM-Series Firewall
Step 1
Power off the VM-Series firewall.
Step 2
Clone the VM-Series firewall.
If you are manually cloning, when prompted indicate that you are
copying and not moving the firewall.
Step 3
Power on the new instance of the
VM-Series firewall.
1.
Launch the serial console of the firewall on the vSphere/SDX
web interface and enter the following command:
show system info
2.
Verify that:
• the serial number is unknown
• the firewall has no licenses
• the configuration is intact
Step 4
Register the new auth-code on the
support portal.
See Register the VM-Series Firewall.
Step 5
Apply the new license.
See Activate the License.
After you successfully license the new firewall, delete the previous
instance of the firewall to prevent conflict in configuration or IP
address assignments.
12
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an
ESXi Server
The VM-Series firewall is distributed using the Open Virtualization Format (OVF), which is a standard method
of packaging and deploying virtual machines. You can install this solution on any x86 device that is capable of
running VMware ESXi.
In order to deploy a VM-Series firewall you must be familiar with VMware and vSphere including vSphere
networking, ESXi host setup and configuration, and virtual machine guest deployment.
If you would like to automate the process of deploying a VM-Series firewall, you can create a gold standard
template with the optimal configuration and policies, and use the vSphere API and the PAN-OS XML API to
rapidly deploy new VM-Series firewalls in your network. For more information, see the article: VM Series
DataCenter Automation.
See the following topics for information on:

Supported Deployments on VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi)

System Requirements and Limitations

Install a VM-Series firewall on VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi)

Troubleshoot ESXi Deployments
VM-Series Deployment Guide
13
Supported Deployments on VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi)
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
Supported Deployments on VMware vSphere Hypervisor
(ESXi)
You can deploy one or more instances of the VM-Series firewall on the ESXi server. Where you place the
VM-Series firewall on the network depends on your topology. Choose from the following options (for
environments that are not using VMware NSX):

One VM-Series firewall per ESXi host—Every VM server on the ESXi host passes through the firewall
before exiting the host for the physical network. VM servers attach to the firewall via virtual standard
switches. The guest servers have no other network connectivity and therefore the firewall has visibility and
control to all traffic leaving the ESXi host. One variation of this use case is to also require all traffic to flow
through the firewall, including server to server (east-west traffic) on the same ESXi host.

One VM-Series firewall per virtual network—Deploy a VM-Series firewall for every virtual network. If
you have designed your network such that one or more ESXi hosts has a group of virtual machines that
belong to the internal network, a group that belongs to the external network, and some others to the DMZ,
you can deploy a VM-Series firewall to safeguard the servers in each group. If a group or virtual network
does not share a virtual switch or port group with any other virtual network, it is completely isolated from
all other virtual networks within or across the host(s). Because there is no other physical or virtual path to
any other network, the servers on each virtual network, must use the firewall to talk to any other network.
Therefore, it allows the firewall visibility and control to all traffic leaving the virtual (standard or distributed)
switch attached to each virtual network.

Hybrid environment—Both physical and virtual hosts are used, the VM-Series firewall can be deployed in
a traditional aggregation location in place of a physical firewall appliance to achieve the benefits of a common
server platform for all devices and to unlink hardware and software upgrade dependencies.
Continue with System Requirements and Limitations and Install a VM-Series firewall on VMware vSphere
Hypervisor (ESXi).
14
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
System Requirements and Limitations
System Requirements and Limitations
This section lists requirements and limitations for the VM-Series firewall on VMware vSphere Hypervisor
(ESXi). To deploy the VM-Series firewall, see Install a VM-Series firewall on VMware vSphere Hypervisor
(ESXi).

Requirements

Limitations
Requirements
You can create and deploy multiple instances of the VM-Series firewall on an ESXi server. Because each instance
of the firewall requires a minimum resource allocation—number of CPUs, memory and disk space—on the
ESXi server, make sure to conform to the specifications below to ensure optimal performance.
The VM-Series firewall has the following requirements:

VMware ESXi with vSphere 5.0, 5.1, and 5.5 for VM-Series running PAN-OS 6.1.

Minimum of two vCPUs per VM-Series firewall. One for the management plane and one for the dataplane.
You can assign 2 or 6 additional vCPUs to allocate a total of 2, 4 or 8 vCPUs to the firewall; the management
plane only uses one vCPU and any additional vCPUs are assigned to the dataplane.

Minimum of two network interfaces (vmNICs). One will be a dedicated vmNIC for the management
interface and one for the data interface. You can then add up to eight more vmNICs for data traffic. For
additional interfaces, use VLAN Guest Tagging (VGT) on the ESXi server or configure subinterfaces on the
firewall.
If you are deploying the VM-Series firewall using layer 2, virtual wire, or tap interfaces you must enable
promiscuous mode on the port group of the virtual switch to which the data interfaces on the firewall are
attached. If promiscuous mode is not enabled, the firewall will not receive any traffic because the destination
MAC addresses assigned by PAN-OS will be different from the vmNIC MAC addresses assigned by
vSphere. By default, vSphere will not forward a frame to a virtual machine if the destination MAC address
of the frame does not match the vmNIC MAC address.
If you are deploying the VM-Series firewall using layer 3 interfaces, you can instead set the vmNIC MAC
address to match the PAN-OS MAC address by manually editing the MAC address for each vmNIC in
vSphere to match what is assigned on the VM-Series firewall. This change must be done while the VM-Series
is powered off; it allows the firewall to receive frames that are meant for it.

Minimum of 4GB of memory for all models except the VM-1000-HV, which needs 5GB. Any additional
memory will be used by the management plane only. If you are applying the VM-1000-HV license, see How
do I modify the base image file for the VM-1000-HV license?

Minimum of 40GB of virtual disk space. You can add additional disk space of 40GB to 2TB for logging
purposes.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
15
System Requirements and Limitations
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
Limitations
The VM-Series firewall functionality is very similar to the Palo Alto Networks hardware firewalls, but with the
following limitations:

Dedicated CPU cores are recommended.

Only High Availability (HA) lite is supported (active/passive with no stateful failover).

High Availability (HA) Link Monitoring is only supported on VMware ESXi installations that support
DirectPath I/O.

Up to 10 total ports can be configured; this is a VMware limitation. One port will be used for management
traffic and up to 9 can be used for data traffic.

Only the vmxnet3 driver is supported.

Virtual systems are not supported.

vMotion of the firewall is not supported.

Jumbo frames are not supported.

Link Aggregation must be enabled on the ESXi host.
16
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
Install a VM-Series firewall on VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi)
Install a VM-Series firewall on VMware vSphere Hypervisor
(ESXi)
To install a VM-Series firewall you must have access to the Open Virtualization Format (OVF) template. Use the
auth code you received in your order fulfillment email to register your VM-Series firewall and gain access to the
OVF template. The OVF is downloaded as a zip archive that is expanded into three files: the .ovf extension is
for the OVF descriptor file that contains all metadata about the package and its contents; the .mf extension is
for the OVF manifest file that contains the SHA-1 digests of individual files in the package; and the .vmdk
extension is for the virtual disk image file that contains the virtualized version of the firewall.

Provision the VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server

Perform Initial Configuration on the VM-Series on ESXi
Provision the VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
Use these instruction to deploy the VM-Series firewall on a (standalone) ESXi server. For deploying the
VM-Series NSX edition firewall, see Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall.
Provision a VM-Series Firewall
Step 1
Download the zip file that contains the
OVF template.
Register your VM-Series firewall and obtain the OVF template from:
https://support.paloaltonetworks.com .
The zip file contains the base installation. After the base
installation is complete, you will need to download and install
the latest PAN-OS version from the support portal. This will
ensure that you have the latest fixes that were implemented
since the base image was created. For instructions, see
Upgrade the PAN-OS Software Version (Standalone
Version).
VM-Series Deployment Guide
17
Install a VM-Series firewall on VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi)
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
Provision a VM-Series Firewall (Continued)
Step 2
Before deploying the OVF template, set To configure a virtual standard switch to receive frames for the
up virtual standard switch(es) and virtual VM-Series firewall:
distributed switch(es) that you will need 1. Configure a virtual standard switch from the vSphere Client by
for the VM-Series firewall.
navigating to Home > Inventory > Hosts and Clusters.
2.
If you are deploying the
VM-Series firewall with layer 2,
virtual wire, or tap interfaces, any
attached virtual switch must allow 3.
the following modes (set to
Accept):
– Promiscuous mode
– MAC address changes
– Forged transmits
– For details, see the network
interface requirements in
Requirements.
Highlight the virtual switch and click Edit. In the vSwitch
properties, click the Security tab and set Promiscuous Mode,
MAC Address Changes and Forged Transmits to Accept and
then click OK. This change will propagate to all port groups on
the virtual switch.
To configure a virtual distributed switch to receive frames for
the VM-Series firewall:
1. Select Home > Inventory > Networking. Highlight the
Distributed Port Group you want to edit and select the
Summary tab.
2.
18
Click the Configuration tab and under Hardware click
Networking. For each VM-Series firewall attached virtual
switch, click on Properties.
Click Edit Settings and select Policies > Security and set
Promiscuous Mode, MAC Address Changes and Forged
Transmits to Accept and then click OK.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
Install a VM-Series firewall on VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi)
Provision a VM-Series Firewall (Continued)
Step 3
Deploy the OVF template.
If you add additional interfaces
(vmNICs) to the VM-Series
firewall, a reboot is required
because new interfaces are
detected during the boot cycle. To
avoid the need to reboot the
firewall, make sure to add the
interfaces at initial deployment or
during a maintenance window so
that you can reboot the firewall.
1.
Log in to vCenter using the vSphere client. You can also go
directly to the target ESXi host if needed.
2.
From the vSphere client, select File > Deploy OVF Template.
3.
Browse to the OVF template that you downloaded in Step 1,
select the file and then click Next. Review the templates details
window and then click Next again.
4.
Name the VM-Series firewall instance and in the Inventory
Location window, select a Data Center and Folder and click
Next
5.
Select an ESXi host for the VM-Series firewall and click Next.
6.
Select the datastore to use for the VM-Series firewall and click
Next.
7.
Leave the default settings for the datastore provisioning and
click Next. The default is Thick Provision Lazy Zeroed.
8.
Select the networks to use for the two initial vmNICs. The first
vmNIC will be used for the management interface and the
second vmNIC for the first data port. Make sure that the
Source Networks maps to the correct Destination Networks.
9.
Review the details window, select the Power on after
deployment check box and then click Next.
To view the progress of the
installation, monitor the Recent
Tasks list.
10. When the deployment is complete, click the Summary tab to
review the current status.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
19
Install a VM-Series firewall on VMware vSphere Hypervisor (ESXi)
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
Perform Initial Configuration on the VM-Series on ESXi
Use the virtual appliance console on the ESXi server to set up network access to the VM-Series firewall. You
must first configure the management interface, and then access the web interface to complete further
configurations tasks. If you have Panorama for central management, refer to the Panorama Administrator’s
Guide for information on managing the device using Panorama.
Configure the Management Interface
Step 1
Gather the required information from
your network administrator.
• IP address for MGT port
• Netmask
• Default gateway
• DNS server IP address
Step 2
Step 3
Access the console of the VM-Series
firewall.
1.
Select the Console tab on the ESXi server for the VM-Series
firewall, or right click the VM-Series firewall and select Open
Console.
2.
Press enter to access the login screen.
3.
Enter the default username/password (admin/admin) to log in.
4.
Enter configure to switch to configuration mode.
Configure the network access settings for Enter the following command:
set deviceconfig system ip-address <Firewall-IP>
the management interface.
netmask <netmask> default-gateway <gateway-IP>
dns-setting servers primary <DNS-IP>
where <Firewall-IP> is the IP address you want to assign to the
management interface, <netmask> is the subnet mask,
<gateway-IP> is the IP address of the network gateway, and
<DNS-IP> is the IP address of the DNS server.
Step 4
Step 5
Commit your changes and exit the
configuration mode.
Enter commit.
Enter exit.
Verify network access to external services To verify that the firewall has external network access, use the ping
required for firewall management, such as utility. Verify connectivity to the default gateway, DNS server, and
the Palo Alto Networks Update Server. the Palo Alto Networks Update Server as shown in the following
example:
[email protected]_200-Corp> ping host updates.paloaltonetworks.com
PING updates.paloaltonetworks.com (67.192.236.252) 56(84)
bytes of data.
64 bytes from 67.192.236.252: icmp_seq=1 ttl=243 time=40.5 ms
64 bytes from 67.192.236.252: icmp_seq=1 ttl=243 time=53.6 ms
64 bytes from 67.192.236.252: icmp_seq=1 ttl=243 time=79.5 ms
After verifying connectivity, press Ctrl+C to stop the pings.
An unlicensed VM-Series firewall can process up to 200 concurrent sessions. Depending on the
environment, the session limit can be reached very quickly. Therefore, apply the capacity
auth-code and retrieve a license before you begin testing the VM-Series firewall; otherwise, you
might have unpredictable results, if there is other traffic on the port group(s).
20
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
Troubleshoot ESXi Deployments
Troubleshoot ESXi Deployments
Many of the troubleshooting steps for the VM-Series firewall are very similar to the hardware versions of
PAN-OS. When problems occur, you should check interface counters, system log files, and if necessary, use
debug to create captures. For more details on PAN-OS troubleshooting, refer to the article on Packet Based
Troubleshooting.
The following sections describe how to troubleshoot some common problems:

Basic Troubleshooting

Installation Issues

Licensing Issues

Connectivity Issues
Basic Troubleshooting
Recommendation for Network Troubleshooting Tools
It is useful to have a separate troubleshooting station to capture traffic or inject test packets in the
virtualized environment. It can be helpful to build a fresh OS from scratch with common
troubleshooting tools installed such as tcpdump, nmap, hping, traceroute, iperf, tcpedit, netcat,
etc. This machine can then be powered down and converted to a template. Each time the tools
are needed, the troubleshooting client (virtual machine) can be quickly deployed to the virtual
switch(es) in question and used to isolate networking problems. When the testing is complete,
the instance can simply be discarded and the template used again the next time it is required.
For performance related issues on the firewall, first check the Dashboard from the firewall web interface. To view
alerts or create a tech support or stats dump files navigate to Device > Support.
For information in the vSphere client go to Home > Inventory > VMs and Templates, select the VM-Series firewall
instance and click the Summary tab. Under Resources, check the statistics for consumed memory, CPU and
storage. For resource history, click the Performance tab and monitor resource consumption over time.
Installation Issues
Issues with deploying the OVF
The VM-Series is delivered as a downloadable Open Virtualization Format (OVF) file. The OVF is downloaded
as a zip archive that is expanded into three files. If you are having trouble deploying the OVF, make sure the
three files are unpacked and present and if necessary, download and extract the OVF again.

The ovf extension is for the OVF descriptor file that contains all metadata about the package and its
contents.

The mf extension is for the OVF manifest file that contains the SHA-1 digests of individual files in the
package.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
21
Troubleshoot ESXi Deployments
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server

The vmdk extension is for the virtual disk image file.

The virtual disk in the OVF is large for the VM-Series; this file is nearly 900MB and must be present on the
computer running the vSphere client or must be accessible as a URL for the OVF. Make sure the network
connection is sufficient between the vSphere client computer and the target ESXi host. Any firewalls in the
path will need to allow TCP ports 902 and 443 from the vSphere client to the ESXi host(s).There needs to
be sufficient bandwidth and low latency on the connection otherwise the OVF deployment can take hours
or timeout and fail.
Why does the firewall boot into maintenance mode?
If you have purchased the VM-1000-HV license and are deploying the VM-Series firewall in standalone mode
on a VMware ESXi server or on a Citrix SDX server, you must allocate a minimum of 5GB memory to the
VM-Series firewall.
To fix this issue, you must either modify the base image file (see How do I modify the base image file for the
VM-1000-HV license?) or edit the settings on the ESXi host or the vCenter server before you power on the
VM-Series firewall.
Also, verify that the interface is VMXnet3; setting the interface type to any other format will cause the firewall
to boot into maintenance mode.
How do I modify the base image file for the VM-1000-HV license?
If you have purchased the VM-1000-HV license and are deploying the VM-Series firewall in standalone mode
on a VMware ESXi server or on a Citrix SDX server, use these instructions to modify the following attributes
that are defined in the base image file (.ovf or .xva) of the VM-Series firewall.
Important: Modifying the values other than those listed hereunder will invalidate the base image file.
Modify the base image file (only if using the VM-1000-HV license in standalone mode)
Step 1 Open the base image file, for example 6.1.0, with a text editing tool such as notepad.
Step 2 Search for 4096 and change the memory allocated to 5012 (that is 5 GB) here:
<Item>
<rasd:AllocationUnits>byte * 2^20</rasd:AllocationUnits>
<rasd:Description>Memory Size</rasd:Description>
<rasd:ElementName>4096MB of memory</rasd:ElementName>
<rasd:InstanceID>2</rasd:InstanceID>
<rasd:ResourceType>4</rasd:ResourceType>
<rasd:VirtualQuantity>4096</rasd:VirtualQuantity>
<Item>
<rasd:AllocationUnits>byte * 2^20</rasd:AllocationUnits>
<rasd:Description>Memory Size</rasd:Description>
<rasd:ElementName>5102MB of memory</rasd:ElementName>
<rasd:InstanceID>2</rasd:InstanceID>
<rasd:ResourceType>5</rasd:ResourceType>
<rasd:VirtualQuantity>5012</rasd:VirtualQuantity>
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
Troubleshoot ESXi Deployments
Modify the base image file (only if using the VM-1000-HV license in standalone mode)
Step 3
Change the number of virtual CPU cores allotted from 2 to 4 or 8 as desired for your deployment:
<Item>
<rasd:AllocationUnits>hertz * 10^6</rasd:AllocationUnits>
<rasd:Description>Number of Virtual CPUs</rasd:Description>
<rasd:ElementName>2 virtual CPU(s)</rasd:ElementName>
<rasd:InstanceID>1</rasd:InstanceID>
<rasd:ResourceType>3</rasd:ResourceType>
<rasd:VirtualQuantity>2</rasd:VirtualQuantity>
<vmw:CoresPerSocket ovf:required="false">2</vmw:CoresPerSocket>
</Item>
<Item>
<rasd:AllocationUnits>hertz * 10^6</rasd:AllocationUnits>
<rasd:Description>Number of Virtual CPUs</rasd:Description>
<rasd:ElementName>4 virtual CPU(s)</rasd:ElementName>
<rasd:InstanceID>1</rasd:InstanceID>
<rasd:ResourceType>3</rasd:ResourceType>
<rasd:VirtualQuantity>4</rasd:VirtualQuantity>
<vmw:CoresPerSocket ovf:required="false">2</vmw:CoresPerSocket>
</Item>
Alternatively you can deploy the firewall and before you power on the VM-Series firewall, edit the memory and
virtual CPU allocation directly on the ESXi host or the vCenter server.
Licensing Issues
Why am I unable to apply the support or feature license?
Have you applied the capacity auth-code on the VM-Series firewall? Before you can activate the support or
feature license, you must apply the capacity auth-code so that the device can obtain a serial number. This serial
number is required to activate the other licenses on the VM-Series firewall.
Why does my cloned VM-Series firewall not have a valid license?
VMware assigns a unique UUID to each virtual machine including the VM-Series firewall.So, when a VM-Series
firewall is cloned, a new UUID is assigned to it. Because the serial number and license for each instance of the
VM-Series firewall is tied to the UUID, cloning a licensed VM-Series firewall will result in a new firewall with
an invalid license. You will need a new auth-code to activate the license on the newly deployed firewall. You must
apply the capacity auth-code and a new support license in order to obtain full functionality, support, and
software upgrades on the VM-Series firewall.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
23
Troubleshoot ESXi Deployments
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on an ESXi Server
Will moving the VM-Series firewall cause license invalidation?
If you are manually moving the VM-Series firewall from one host to another, be sure to select the option, This
guest was moved to prevent license invalidation.
Connectivity Issues
Why is the VM-Series firewall not receiving any network traffic?
On the VM-Series firewall. check the traffic logs (Monitor > Logs). If the logs are empty, use the following CLI
command to view the packets on the interfaces of the VM-Series firewall:
show counter global filter delta yes
Global counters:
Elapsed time since last sampling: 594.544 seconds
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------Total counters shown: 0
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
In the vSphere environment, check for the following issues:

Check the port groups and confirm that the firewall and the virtual machine(s) are on the correct port group
Make sure that the interfaces are mapped correctly.
Network adapter 1 = management
Network adapter 2= Ethernet1/1
Network adapter 3 = Ethernet1/2
For each virtual machine, check the settings to verify the interface is mapped to the correct port group.

Verify that promiscuous mode is enabled for each port group or for the entire switch.
Since the dataplane PAN-OS MAC addresses are different than the VMNIC MAC addresses assigned by
vSphere, the port group (or the entire vSwitch) must be in promiscuous mode:

Check the VLAN settings on vSphere.
The use of the VLAN setting for the vSphere port group serves two purposes: It determines which port groups
share a layer 2 domain, and it determines whether the uplink ports are tagged (802.1Q).

Check the physical switch port settings
If a VLAN ID is specified on a port group with uplink ports, then vSphere will use 802.1Q to tag outbound
frames. The tag must match the configuration on the physical switch or the traffic will not pass.
Check the port statistics if using virtual distributed switches (vDS); Standard switches do not provide any
port statistics
24
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the
Citrix SDX Server
To reduce your carbon footprint and consolidate key functions on a single server, you can deploy one or more
instances of the VM-Series firewall on the Citrix SDX server. Deploying the VM-Series firewall in conjunction
with the NetScaler VPX secures application delivery along with network security, availability, performance, and
visibility.

About the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server

System Requirements and Limitations

Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX

Install the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server

Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall

Secure East-West Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
VM-Series Deployment Guide
25
About the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
About the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server
One or more instances of the VM-Series firewall can be deployed to secure east-west and/or north-south traffic
on the network; virtual wire interfaces, Layer 2 interfaces, and Layer 3 interfaces are supported. To deploy the
firewall, see Install the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server.
Once deployed the VM-Series firewall works harmoniously with the NetScaler VPX (if needed), which is a
virtual NetScaler appliance deployed on the SDX server. The NetScaler VPX provides load balancing and traffic
management functionality and is typically deployed in front of a server farm to facilitate efficient access to the
servers. For a complete overview of NetScaler feature/functionality, refer to http:www.citrix.com/netscaler.
When the VM-Series is paired to work with the NetScaler VPX, the complementary capabilities enhance your
traffic management, load balancing, and application/network security needs.
This document assumes that you are familiar with the networking and configuration on the NetScaler VPX. In
order to provide context for the terms used in this section, here is a brief refresher on the NetScaler owned IP
addresses that are referred to in this document:

NetScaler IP address (NSIP): The NSIP is the IP address for management and general system access to the
NetScaler itself, and for HA communication.

Mapped IP address (MIP): A MIP is used for server-side connections. It is not the IP address of the
NetScaler. In most cases, when the NetScaler receives a packet, it replaces the source IP address with a MIP
before sending the packet to the server. With the servers abstracted from the clients, the NetScaler manages
connections more efficiently.

Virtual server IP address (VIP): A VIP is the IP address associated with a vserver. It is the public IP address
to which clients connect. A NetScaler managing a wide range of traffic may have many VIPs configured.

Subnet IP address (SNIP): When the NetScaler is attached to multiple subnets, SNIPs can be configured for
use as MIPs providing access to those subnets. SNIPs may be bound to specific VLANs and interfaces.
For examples on deploying the VM-Series firewall and the NetScaler VPX together, see Supported
Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX.
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
System Requirements and Limitations
System Requirements and Limitations
This section lists requirements and limitations for the VM-Series firewall on the Citrix SDX server.

Requirements

Limitations
Requirements
You can deploy multiple instances of the VM-Series firewall on the Citrix SDX server. Because each instance of
the firewall requires a minimum resource allocation—number of CPUs, memory and disk space—on the SDX
server, make sure to conform to the specifications below to ensure optimal performance.
Requirement
Details
SDX platforms
• 11500, 13500, 14500, 16500, 18500, 20500;
• 17550, 19550, 20550, 21550
SDX version
10.1+
10.1 is not supported; a software version higher then 10.1. is required.
Citrix XenServer version
6.0.2 or later
• Two vCPUs per VM-Series firewall. One will be used for the for the
management plane and one for the dataplane. You can add vCPUs
Plan and allocate the total number of data
in the following combinations: 2, 4, or 8 vCPUs; additional vCPUs
interfaces that you might require on the
are assigned to the dataplane.
VM-Series firewall. This task is essential
during initial deployment, because adding • Two network interfaces: one dedicated for management traffic and
or removing interfaces to the VM-Series
one for data traffic. For management traffic, you can use the 0/x
firewall after initial deployment will cause
interfaces on the management plane or the 10/x interfaces on the
the data interfaces (Eth 1/1 and Eth 1/2)
dataplane. Assign additional network interfaces for data traffic, as
on the VM-Series firewall to re-map to the
required for your network topology.
adapters on the SDX server. Each data
• 4GB of memory (5GB for VM-1000-HV). If you allocate additional
interface sequentially maps to the adapter
memory, it will be used by the management plane only.
with the lowest numerical value, and this
• 40GB of virtual disk space. You can add additional disk space of
remapping can cause a configuration
40GB(minimum) to 2TB (maximum). The additional disk space is
mismatch on the firewall.
used for logging purposes only.
Minimum System Resources
VM-Series Deployment Guide
27
System Requirements and Limitations
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Limitations
The VM-Series firewall deployed on the Citrix SDX server has the following limitations:

Up to 24 total ports can be configured. One port will be used for management traffic and up to 23 can be
used for data traffic.

Jumbo frames are not supported.

Link aggregation is not supported.
For the supported deployments, see Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX.
To deploy the firewall, see Install the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server.
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Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX
Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX
In the following scenarios, the VM-Series firewall secures traffic destined to the servers on the network. It works
in conjunction with the NetScaler VPX to manage traffic before or after it reaches the NetScaler VPX.

Scenario 1—Secure North-South Traffic

Scenario 2—Secure East-West Traffic (VM-Series Firewall on Citrix SDX)
Scenario 1—Secure North-South Traffic
To secure north-south traffic using a VM-Series firewall on an SDX server, you have the following options:

VM-Series Firewall Between the NetScaler VPX and the Servers

VM-Series Firewall Before the NetScaler VPX
VM-Series Firewall Between the NetScaler VPX and the Servers
The perimeter firewall gates all traffic in to the network. All traffic permitted into the network flows through
the NetScaler VPX and then through the VM-Series firewall before the request is forwarded to the servers.
In this scenario, the VM-Series firewall secures north-south traffic and can be deployed using virtual wire, L2,
or L3 interfaces.

VM-Series Firewall with L3 Interfaces

VM-Series Firewall with L2 or Virtual Wire Interfaces
VM-Series Deployment Guide
29
Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
VM-Series Firewall with L3 Interfaces
Deploying the firewall with L3 interfaces allows you to scale more easily as you deploy new servers and new
subnets. You can deploy multiple instances of the firewall to manage traffic to each new subnet and then
configure the firewalls as a high availability pair, if needed.
Using an L3 interface allows you make minimal changes to the SDX server/network configuration because
the SNIP to reach the servers is removed from the NetScaler VPX and is configured on the VM-Series
firewall. With this approach, only one data interface is used on the VM-Series firewall, hence only one zone
can be defined. As a result, when defining the policy rules you must specify the source and destination IP
address/subnets across which to enforce security rules. For details, see Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Using
L3 Interfaces.
Topology After Adding the VM-Series Firewall with L3 Interfaces
In this example, the public IP address that the clients connect to (VIP on the NetScaler VPX), is 192.168.1.10.
For providing access to the servers on subnet 192.168.2.x, the configuration on the VPX references the subnets
(SNIP) 192.168.1.1 and 192.168.2.1. Based on your network configuration and default routes, the routing on
servers might need to be changed.
When you set up the VM-Series firewall, you must add a data interface (for example eth1/1), and assign two IP
addresses to the interface. One IP address must be on the same subnet as the VIP and the other must be on the
same subnet as the servers. In this example, the IP addresses assigned to the data interfaces are 192.168.1.2 and
192.168.2.1. Because only one data interface is used on the VM-Series firewall, all traffic belongs to a single zone,
and all intra zone traffic is implicitly allowed in policy. Therefore, when defining the policy rules you must
specify the source and destination IP address/subnets across which to enforce security rules.
Even after you add the VM-Series firewall on the SDX server, the IP address that the clients continue to connect
to is the VIP of the NetScaler VPX (192.168.1.10). However, to route all traffic through the firewall, on the
NetScaler VPX you must define a route to the subnet 192.168.2.x. In this example, to access the servers this
route must reference the IP address 192.168.1.2 assigned to the data interface on the VM-Series firewall. Now
all traffic destined for the servers is routed from the NetScaler VPX to the firewall and then on to the servers.
The return traffic uses the interface 192.168.2.1 on the VM-Series and uses the SNIP 192.168.1.1 as its next hop.
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX
For security compliance, if USIP (Use client Source IP) is enabled on the NetScaler VPX, then
the VM-Series firewall requires a default route that points to the SNIP 192.168.1.1, in this
example. If a default NAT (mapped/SNIP) IP address is used, then you do not need to define a
default route on the VM-Series firewall.
For instructions, see Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Using L3 Interfaces.
VM-Series Firewall with L2 or Virtual Wire Interfaces
Deploying the VM-Series firewall using L2 interfaces or virtual wire interfaces requires reconfiguration on
the NetScaler VPX to remove direct connection to the servers. The VM-Series firewall can then be cabled
and configured to transparently intercept and enforce policy on traffic destined to the servers. In this
approach two data interfaces are created on the firewall and each belongs to a distinct zone. The security
policy is defined to allow traffic between the source and destination zones. For details, see Deploy the
VM-Series Firewall Using Layer 2 (L2) or Virtual Wire Interfaces.
Topology After Adding the VM-Series Firewall with L2 or Virtual Wire Interfaces
VM-Series Deployment Guide
31
Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
VM-Series Firewall Before the NetScaler VPX
In this scenario, the perimeter firewall is replaced with the VM-Series firewall that can be deployed using L3, L2,
or virtual wire interfaces. All traffic on your network is secured by the VM-Series firewall before the request
reaches the NetScaler VPX and is forwarded to the servers. For details, see Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
Before the NetScaler VPX.
Scenario 2—Secure East-West Traffic (VM-Series Firewall on Citrix SDX)
The VM-Series firewall is deployed along with two NetScaler VPX systems that service different server
segments on your network or operate as termination points for SSL tunnels. In this scenario, the perimeter
firewall secures incoming traffic. Then, the traffic destined to the DMZ servers flows to a NetScaler VPX that
load balances the request. To add an extra layer of security to the internal network, all east-west traffic between
the DMZ and the corporate network are routed through the VM-Series firewall. The firewall can enforce
network security and validate access for that traffic. For details, see Secure East-West Traffic with the VM-Series
Firewall.
32
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Install the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server
Install the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server
A support account and a valid VM-Series license are required to obtain the .xva base image file that is required
to install the VM-Series firewall on the SDX server. If you have not already registered the capacity auth-code
that you received with the order fulfillment email, with your support account, see Register the VM-Series
Firewall. After registration is completed, continue to the following tasks:

Upload the Image to the SDX Server

Provision the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server
Upload the Image to the SDX Server
To provision the VM-Series firewall, you need to obtain the .xva image file and upload it to the SDX server.
Upload the XVA Image to the SDX Server
Step 1
Download and extract the base image zip 1.
file to a local computer.
2.
Go to https://support.paloaltonetworks.com/ and download
the VM-Series Citrix SDX Base Image zip file.
Unzip the base image zip file, and extract the .xva file.
This .xva file is required for installing the VM-Series firewall.
Step 2
Upload the image from the local
computer onto the Citrix SDX server.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
1.
Launch the web browser and log in to the SDX server.
2.
Select Configuration > Palo Alto VM-Series > Software
Images.
3.
In the Action drop-down, select Upload... and Browse to the
location of the saved .xva image file.
4.
Select the image and click Open.
5.
Upload the image to the SDX server.
33
Install the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Provision the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server
Provision the VM-Series Firewall on the SDX Server
Step 1
Access the SDX server.
Launch the web browser and connect to the SDX server.
Step 2
Create the VM-Series firewall.
1.
Select Configuration > Palo Alto VM-Series > Instances.
2.
Click Add.
3.
Enter a name for the VM-Series firewall.
4.
Select the .xva image that you uploaded earlier. This image is
required to provision the firewall.
5.
Allocate the memory, additional disk space, and the virtual
CPUs for the VM-Series firewall. To verify resource allocation
recommendations, see Requirements.
Allocate the total number of data
interfaces that you might require 6.
on the VM-Series firewall during
initial deployment. Adding or
removing interfaces to the
VM-Series firewall after initial
deployment will cause the data
interfaces (Eth 1/1 and Eth 1/2)
on the VM-Series firewall to
re-map to the adapters on the
SDX server. Each data interface
sequentially maps to the adapter
with the lowest numerical value,
and can therefore cause a
configuration mismatch on the
firewall.
7.
Select the network interfaces:
• Use the management interfaces 0/1 or 0/2 and assign an IP
address, netmask, and gateway IP address.
If needed, you can use a data interface on the SDX
server for managing the firewall.
• Select the data interfaces that will be used for handling traffic
to and from the firewall.
If you plan to deploy the interfaces as Layer 2 or
virtual wire interfaces, select the Allow L2 Mode
option so that the firewall can receive and forward
packets for MAC addresses other than its own MAC
address.
Review the summary and click Finish to begin the installation
process. It takes 5-8 minutes to provision the firewall. When
completed, use the management IP address to launch the web
interface of the firewall.
Continue with Activate the License.
34
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
This section includes information on deploying the NetScaler VPX and the VM-Series firewall on the Citrix
SDX server:

Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Using L3 Interfaces

Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Using Layer 2 (L2) or Virtual Wire Interfaces

Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Before the NetScaler VPX (Using Virtual Wire Interfaces)
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Using L3 Interfaces
To secure north-south traffic, this scenario shows you how to deploy the VM-Series firewall as a L3 deployment;
the VM-Series firewall is placed to secure traffic between the NetScaler VPX and the servers on your network.
Topology Before Adding the VM-Series Firewall
VM-Series Deployment Guide
35
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Topology After Adding the VM-Series Firewall
The following table includes the tasks you must perform to deploy the VM-Series firewall. For firewall
configuration instructions refer to the PAN-OS Documentation. The workflow and configuration on the
NetScaler VPX is beyond the scope of this document; for details on configuring the NetScaler VPX, refer to
the Citrix documentation.
36
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Set up the VM-Series Firewall to Process North-South Traffic Using L3 interfaces
Step 1
Install the VM-Series Firewall on the
SDX Server.
When provisioning the VM-Series firewall on the SDX server, you
must ensure that you select the data interface accurately so that the
firewall can access the server(s).
Step 2
Configure the data interface on the
firewall.
1.
Select Network > Virtual Router and then select the default
link to open the Virtual Router dialog and Add the interface to
the virtual router.
2.
(Required only if the USIP option is enabled on the NetScaler
VPX) On the Static Routes tab on the virtual router, select the
interface and add the NetScaler SNIP (192.68.1.1 in this
example) as the Next Hop. The static route defined here will be
used to route traffic from the firewall to the NetScaler VPX.
3.
Select Network > Interfaces> Ethernet and then select the
interface you want to configure.
4.
Select the Interface Type. Although your choice here depends
on your network topology, this example uses Layer3.
5.
On the Config tab, in the Virtual Router drop-down, select
default.
6.
Select New Zone from the Security Zone drop-down. In the
Zone dialog, define a Name for new zone, for example default,
and then click OK.
7.
Select the IPv4 or IPv6 tab, click Add in the IP section, and enter
two IP addresses and network mask to the interface—one for
each subnet that is being serviced. For example, 192.168.1.2 and
192.168.2.1.
8.
(Optional) To enable you to ping or SSH in to the interface,
select Advanced > Other Info, expand the Management Profile
drop-down, and select New Management Profile. Enter a
Name for the profile, select Ping and SSH and then click OK.
9.
To save the interface configuration, click OK.
10. Click Commit to save your changes to the firewall.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
37
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Set up the VM-Series Firewall to Process North-South Traffic Using L3 interfaces (Continued)
Step 3
1.
Create a basic policy to allow traffic
between the NetScaler VPX and the web 2.
servers.
3.
In this example, because we have set up
only one data interface, we specify the
4.
source and destination IP address to allow
traffic between the NetScaler VPX and
the servers.
Select Policies > Security, and click Add.
Give the rule a descriptive name in the General tab.
In the Source tab, select Add in the Source Address section and
select the New Address link.
Create a new address object that specifies the SNIP on the
NetScaler VPX. In this example, this IP address is the source for
all requests to the servers.
5.
In the Destination tab, select Add in the Destination Address
section and select the New Address link.
6.
Create a new address object that specifies the subnet of the web
servers. In this example, this subnet hosts all the web servers
that service the requests.
7.
In the Application tab, select web-browsing.
8.
In the Actions tab, complete these tasks:
a. Set the Action Setting to Allow.
b. Attach the default profiles for antivirus, anti-spyware, and
vulnerability protection, under Profile Setting.
9.
Verify that logging is enabled at the end of a session under
Options. Only traffic that matches a security rule will be logged.
10. Create another rule to deny all other traffic from any source and
any destination IP address on the network.
Because all intra-zone traffic is allowed by default, in order to
deny traffic other that web-browsing, you must create a deny
rule that explicitly blocks all other traffic.
Go back to Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall, or see Secure East-West Traffic with the
VM-Series Firewall.
For an overview of the deployments, see Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX.
38
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Using Layer 2 (L2) or Virtual Wire Interfaces
To secure north-south traffic, this scenario shows you how to deploy the VM-Series firewall in a L2 or a virtual
wire deployment. The VM-Series firewall secures traffic destined to the servers. The request arrives at the VIP
address of the NetScaler VPX and is processed by the VM-Series firewall before it reaches the servers. On the
return path, the traffic is directed to the SNIP on the NetScaler VPX and is processed by the VM-Series firewall
before it is sent back to the client.
For the topology before adding the VM-Series firewall, see Topology Before Adding the VM-Series Firewall.
Topology After Adding the VM-Series Firewall
The following table includes the basic configuration tasks you must perform to deploy the VM-Series firewall.
For firewall configuration instructions refer to the PAN-OS documentation. The workflow and configuration
on the NetScaler VPX is beyond the scope of this document; for details on configuring the NetScaler VPX,
refer to the Citrix documentation.
Set up the VM-Series Firewall to Process North-South Traffic Using L2 or Virtual Wire Interfaces
Step 1
Install the VM-Series Firewall on the
SDX Server.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
On the SDX server, make sure to enable Allow L2 Mode on each data
interface. This setting allows the firewall to bridge packets that are
destined for the VIP of the NetScaler VPX.
39
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Set up the VM-Series Firewall to Process North-South Traffic Using L2 or Virtual Wire Interfaces (Continued)
Step 2
Re-cable the server-side interface
assigned to the NetScaler VPX.
Because the NetScaler VPX will reboot
when recabled, evaluate whether you
would like to perform this task during a
maintenance window.
Step 3
Configure the data interfaces.
If you have already deployed a NetScaler VPX and are now adding
the VM-Series firewall on the SDX server, you have two ports
assigned to the VPX. When you deploy the VM-Series firewall, the
NetScaler VPX will now only require one port for handling
client-side traffic.
Therefore, before you configure the data interfaces the VM-Series,
you must remove the cable from the interface that connects the VPX
to the server farm and attach it to the firewall so that all traffic to the
server farm is processed by the firewall.
1.
This example shows the configuration for 2.
virtual wire interfaces.
3.
Launch the web interface of the firewall.
Select Network > Interfaces> Ethernet.
Click the link for an interface (for example ethernet 1/1) and
select the Interface Type as Layer2 or Virtual Wire.
Virtual Wire Configuration
Each virtual wire interface (ethernet 1/1 and ethernet 1/2) must be
connected to a security zone and a virtual wire. To configure these
settings, select the Config tab and complete the following tasks:
a. In the Virtual wire drop-down click New Virtual Wire, define
a Name and assign the two data interfaces (ethernet 1/1 and
ethernet 1/2) to it, and then click OK.
When configuring ethernet 1/2, select this virtual wire.
b. Select New Zone from the Security Zone drop-down, define
a Name for new zone, for example client, and then click OK.
Layer 2 Configuration
For each Layer 2 interface, you require a security zone. Select the
Config tab and complete the following tasks:
a. Select New Zone from the Security Zone drop-down, define
a Name for new zone, for example client, and then click OK.
40
4.
Repeat steps 2 and 3 above for the other interface.
5.
Click Commit to save changes to the firewall.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Set up the VM-Series Firewall to Process North-South Traffic Using L2 or Virtual Wire Interfaces (Continued)
Step 4
Create a basic policy rule to allow traffic
through the firewall.
1.
Select Policies > Security, and click Add.
2.
Give the rule a descriptive name in the General tab.
This example shows how to enable traffic 3.
between the NetScaler VPX and the web
servers.
4.
5.
6.
In the Source tab, set the Source Zone to the client-side zone
you defined. In this example, select client.
In the Destination tab, set the Destination Zone to the
server-side zone you defined. In this example, select server.
In the Application tab, click Add to select the applications to
which you want to allow access.
In the Actions tab, complete these tasks:
a. Set the Action Setting to Allow.
b. Attach the default profiles for antivirus, anti-spyware,
vulnerability protection and URL filtering, under Profile
Setting.
7.
Verify that logging is enabled at the end of a session under
Options. Only traffic that matches a security rule will be logged.
Go back to Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall, or see Secure East-West Traffic with the
VM-Series Firewall.
For an overview of the deployments, see Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
41
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall Before the NetScaler VPX
The following example shows how to deploy the VM-Series firewall to process and secure traffic before it
reaches the NetScaler VPX. In this example, the VM-Series firewall is deployed with virtual wire interfaces, and
the client connection requests are destined to the VIP on the NetScaler VPX. Note that you can deploy the
VM-Series firewall using L2 or L3 interfaces, based on your specific needs.
Topology Before Adding the VM-Series Firewall
Topology after adding the VM-Series firewall
The following table includes the basic configuration tasks you must perform on the VM-Series firewall. For
firewall configuration instructions refer to the PAN-OS documentation. The workflow and configuration on
the NetScaler VPX is beyond the scope of this document; for details on configuring the NetScaler VPX, refer
to the Citrix documentation.
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Set up the VM-Series Firewall Before the NetScaler VPX with Virtual Wire Interfaces
Step 1
Install the VM-Series Firewall on the
SDX Server.
On the SDX server, make sure to enable Allow L2 Mode on the data
interface. This setting allows the firewall to bridge packets that are
destined for the VIP of the NetScaler VPX.
Step 2
Re-cable the client-side interface assigned If you have already deployed a NetScaler VPX and are now adding
the VM-Series firewall on the SDX server, you have two ports
to the NetScaler VPX.
assigned to the VPX. When you deploy the VM-Series firewall, the
Because the NetScaler VPX will reboot
NetScaler VPX will now only require one port that connects it to the
when recabled, evaluate whether you
server farm.
would like to perform this task during a
Therefore, before you configure the data interfaces the VM-Series,
maintenance window.
you must remove the cable from the interface that connects the VPX
to the client-side traffic and attach it to the firewall so that all
incoming traffic is processed by the firewall.
Step 3
Configure the data interfaces.
1.
Launch the web interface of the firewall.
2.
Select Network > Interfaces> Ethernet.
3.
Click the link for an interface, for example ethernet 1/1, and
select the Interface Type as Virtual Wire.
4.
Click the link for the other interface and select the Interface
Type as Virtual Wire.
5.
Each virtual wire interface must be connected to a security zone
and a virtual wire. To configure these settings, select the Config
tab and complete the following tasks:
• In the Virtual wire drop-down click New Virtual Wire, define
a Name and assign the two data interfaces (ethernet 1/1 and
ethernet 1/2) to it, and then click OK.
When configuring ethernet 1/2, select this virtual wire.
• Select New Zone from the Security Zone drop-down, define
a Name for new zone, for example client, and then click OK.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
6.
Repeat step 5 for the other interface.
7.
Click Commit to save changes to the firewall.
43
Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Set up the VM-Series Firewall Before the NetScaler VPX with Virtual Wire Interfaces (Continued)
Step 4
Create a basic policy rule to allow traffic
through the firewall.
1.
Select Policies > Security, and click Add.
2.
Give the rule a descriptive name in the General tab.
This example shows how to enable traffic 3.
between the NetScaler VPX and the web
servers.
4.
5.
6.
In the Source tab, set the Source Zone to the client-side zone
you defined. In this example, select client.
In the Destination tab, set the Destination Zone to the
server-side zone you defined. In this example, select server.
In the Application tab, click Add to select the applications to
which you want to allow access.
In the Actions tab, complete these tasks:
a. Set the Action Setting to Allow.
b. Attach the default profiles for antivirus, anti-spyware,
vulnerability protection and URL filtering, under Profile
Setting.
7.
Verify that logging is enabled at the end of a session under
Options. Only traffic that matches a security rule will be logged.
Go back to Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall, or see Secure East-West Traffic with the
VM-Series Firewall.
For an overview of the deployments, see Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX.
44
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
Secure East-West Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Secure East-West Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
The following example shows you how to deploy your VM-Series firewall to secure the application or database
servers on your network. This scenario is relevant to you if you have two NetScaler VPX instances, where one
instance authenticates users and terminates SSL connections and then load balances requests to the DMZ
servers and the other VPX instance load balances connections to the corporate servers that host the application
and database servers on your network.
Topology Before Adding the VM-Series Firewall
The communication between the servers in the DMZ and the servers in the corporate datacenter is processed
by both instances of the NetScaler VPX. For content that resides in the corporate datacenter, a new request in
handed off to the other instance of the NetScaler VPX which forwards the request to the appropriate server.
When the VM-Series firewall is deployed (this example uses L3 interfaces), the flow of traffic is as follows:

All incoming requests are authenticated and the SSL connection is terminated on the first instance of the
NetScaler VPX. For content that resides in the DMZ, the NetScaler VPX initiates a new connection to the
server to fetch the requested content. Note that the north-south traffic destined to the corporate datacenter
or to the servers in the DMZ are handled by the edge firewall and not by the VM-Series firewall.
For example, when a user (source IP 1.1.1.1) requests content from a server on the DMZ, the destination
IP is 20.5.5.1 (VIP of the NetScaler VPX). The NetScaler VPX then replaces the destination IP address,
based on the protocol to the internal server IP address, say 192.168.10.10. The return traffic from the server
is sent back to the NetScaler VPX at 20.5.5.1 and sent to the user with IP address 1.1.1.1.

All requests between the DMZ servers and the Corporate datacenter are processed by the VM-Series
firewall. For content that resides in the corporate datacenter, the request is transparently processed (if
deployed using L2 or virtual wire interfaces) or routed (using Layer3 interfaces) by the VM-Series firewall.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
45
Secure East-West Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series Firewall on the Citrix SDX Server
It is then handed off to the second instance of the NetScaler VPX. This instance of the NetScaler VPX load
balances the request across the servers in the corporate datacenter and services the request. The return
traffic uses the same path as the incoming request.
For example, when a server on the DMZ (say 192.168.10.10) needs content from a server in the corporate
datacenter (say 172.16.10.20), the destination IP address is 172.168.10.3 (the VIP on the second NetScaler).
The request is sent to the VM-Series firewall at 192.168.10.2, where the firewall performs a policy lookup
and routes the request to 172.168.10.3. The second NetScaler VPX replaces the destination IP address,
based on protocol, to the internal server IP address 172.16.10.20. The return traffic from 172.168.10.20 is
then sent to the NetScaler VPX at 172.168.10.3, and the source IP address for the request is set as
172.168.10.3 and is routed to the VM-Series firewall at 172.168.10.2. On the VM-Series firewall, a policy
lookup is again performed and the traffic is routed to the server in the DMZ (192.168.10.10).
In order to filter and report on user activity on your network, because all requests are initiated from
the NetScaler VPX, you must enable HTTP Header insertion or the TCP Option for IP Insertion
on the first instance of the NetScaler VPX.
.
Set up the VM-Series Firewall to Secure East-West Traffic
Step 1
Install the VM-Series Firewall on the
SDX Server
If you plan to deploy the VM-Series firewall using virtual wire or L2
interfaces, make sure to enable L2 Mode on each data interface on
the SDX server.
Step 2
Re-cable the interfaces assigned to the
NetScaler VPX.
Because the NetScaler VPX will reboot when recabled, evaluate
whether you would like to perform this task during a maintenance
window.
Step 3
Configure the data interfaces.
Select Network > Interfaces and assign the interfaces as type Layer3
(see Step 2, Layer2 (see Step 3) or virtual wire (see Step 3).
Step 4
Create security policy to allow application 1.
traffic between the DMZ and the
2.
corporate data center.
3.
Zone: DMZ to Corporate
Note that the implicit deny rule will deny 4.
all inter-zone traffic except what is
explicitly allowed by security policy.
5.
Click Add in the Policies > Security section.
Give the rule a descriptive name in the General tab.
In the Source tab, set the Source Zone to DMZ and Source
Address to 192.168.10.0/24.
In the Destination tab, set the Destination Zone to Corporate
and the Destination Address to 172.168.10.0/24
In the Application tab, select the applications that you want to
allow. For example, Oracle.
6.
Set the Service to application-default
7.
In the Actions tab, set the Action Setting to Allow.
8.
Leave all the other options at the default values.
9.
Click Commit to save your changes.
For securing north-south traffic, see Secure North-South Traffic with the VM-Series Firewall.
For an overview of the deployments, see Supported Deployments—VM Series Firewall on Citrix SDX.
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition
Firewall
The VM-Series NSX edition firewall is jointly developed by Palo Alto Networks and VMware. This solution
uses the NetX API to integrate the Palo Alto Networks next-generation firewalls and Panorama with VMware
ESXi servers to provide comprehensive visibility and safe application enablement of all datacenter traffic
including intra-host virtual machine communications.
The following topics provide information about the VM-Series NSX edition firewall:

VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview

VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Deployment Checklist

Create a Device Group and Template on Panorama

Register the VM-Series Firewall as a Service on the NSX Manager

Deploy the VM-Series Firewall

Create Policies

Steer Traffic from Guests that are not Running VMware Tools
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VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
NSX, VMware's Networking and Security platform designed for the software-defined data center (SDDC),
offers the ability to deploy the Palo Alto Networks firewall as a service on a cluster of ESXi servers. The term
SDDC is a VMware term that refers to a datacenter where infrastructure—compute resources, network and
storage—is virtualized using VMware NSX.
To keep pace with the changes in the agile SDDC, the NSX edition of the VM-Series firewall simplifies the
process of deploying a Palo Alto Networks next-generation firewall and continually enforcing security and
compliance for the east-west traffic in the SDDC. For details on the VM-Series NSX edition, see the following
topics:

What are the Components of the NSX Edition Solution?

How Do the Components in the NSX Edition Solution Work Together?

What are the Benefits of the NSX Edition Solution?
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VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
What are the Components of the NSX Edition Solution?
Table: VMware Components and Table: Palo Alto Networks Components show the components of this joint
Palo Alto Networks and VMware solution. The following topics describe each component in more detail:

vCenter Server

NSX Manager

Panorama

VM-Series NSX Edition

Ports/Protocols used Network Communication
Table: VMware Components
Component
Minimum
Version
Description
vCenter
Server
5.5
The vCenter server is the centralized management tool for the vSphere
suite.
NSX
Manager
6.0 (only
version
currently
supported.)
VMware's Networking and Security platform must be installed and
registered with the vCenter server. The NSX Manager is required to
deploy the VM-Series NSX edition firewall on the ESXi hosts within a
ESXi cluster.
ESXi Server
5.5
ESXi is a hypervisor that enables compute virtualization.
Table: Palo Alto Networks Components
Component
Minimum
Version
Description
PAN-OS
6.0
The VM-Series base image (PA-VM-NSX-6.0.0.zip) used for
deploying the VM-Series NSX edition firewall is PAN-OS version 6.0.
You can then use Panorama to upgrade the firewalls to
PAN-OS 6.1.
The minimum system requirement for deploying the
VM-Series NSX edition firewall on the ESXi server is as follows:
• Two vCPUs. One for the management plane and one for the
dataplane.
You can assign 2 or 6 additional vCPUs to allocate a total of 2, 4 or
8 vCPUs to the firewall; the management plane only uses one vCPU
and any additional vCPUs are assigned to the dataplane.
• 5GB of memory. Any additional memory will be used by the
management plane only.
• 40GB of virtual disk space.
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VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Component
Minimum
Version
Description
Panorama
6.0
Panorama is the centralized management tool for the Palo Alto
Networks next-generation firewalls. In this solution, Panorama works
with the NSX Manager to deploy, license, and centrally administer—
configuration and policies—on the VM-Series NSX edition firewall.
Panorama
must be
running the
same release
version or
later version
that the
firewalls that
it will
manage.
Panorama must be able to connect to the NSX Manager, the vCenter
server, the VM-Series firewalls and the Palo Alto Networks update
server.
The minimum system requirement for Panorama is as follows:
• Two 8-Core vCPUs (2.2GHz); use 3GHz if you have 10 or more
firewalls.
• 4GB RAM; 16GB recommended if have 10 or more firewalls.
• 40GB disk space; To expand log capacity, you must add a virtual
disk or set up access to an NFS datastore. For details, refer to the
Panorama documentation.
VM-Series
6.0
NSX Edition
50
The only VM-Series license available in this solution is the VM-1000 in
hypervisor mode (VM-1000-HV).
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
vCenter Server
The vCenter server is required to manage the NSX Manager and the ESXi hosts in your datacenter. This joint
solution requires that the ESXi hosts be organized into one or more clusters on the vCenter server and must be
connected to a distributed virtual switch.
For information on clusters, distributed virtual switch, DRS, and the vCenter server, refer to your VMware
documentation: http://www.vmware.com/support/vcenter-server.html.
NSX Manager
NSX is VMware’s network virtualization platform that is completely integrated with vSphere. The NSX Firewall
and the Service Composer are key features of the NSX Manager. The NSX firewall is a logical firewall that allows
you to attach network and security services to the virtual machines, and the Service Composer allows you to
group virtual machines and create policy to redirect traffic to the VM-Series firewall (called the Palo Alto
Networks NGFW service on the NSX Manager).
Panorama
Panorama is used to register the NSX edition of the VM-Series firewall as the Palo Alto Networks NGFW service
on the NSX Manager. Registering the Palo Alto Networks NGFW service on the NSX Manager allows the NSX
Manager to deploy the NSX edition of the VM-Series firewall on each ESXi host in the ESXi cluster.
Panorama serves as the central point of administration for the VM-Series NSX edition firewalls. When a new
VM-Series NSX edition firewall is deployed, it communicates with Panorama to obtain the license and receives
its configuration/policies from Panorama. All configuration elements, policies, and Dynamic Address Groups
on the VM-Series NSX edition firewalls can be centrally managed on Panorama using Device Groups and
Templates. The REST-based XML API integration in this solution, enables Panorama to synchronize with the
NSX Manager and the VM-Series NSX edition firewalls to allow the use of Dynamic Address Groups and share
context between the virtualized environment and security enforcement. For more information, see Policy
Enforcement using Dynamic Address Groups.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
51
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
VM-Series NSX Edition
The VM-Series NSX edition is the VM-Series firewall that is deployed on the ESXi hypervisor. The integration
with the NetX API makes it possible to automate the process of installing the VM-Series firewall directly on the
ESXi hypervisor, and allows the hypervisor to forward traffic to the VM-Series firewall without using the
vSwitch configuration; it therefore, requires no change to the virtual network topology.
The VM-Series NSX edition only supports virtual wire interfaces. In this edition, ethernet 1/1 and ethernet 1/2
are bound together through a virtual wire and use the NetX dataplane API to communicate with the hypervisor.
Layer 2 or Layer 3 interfaces are neither required nor supported on the VM-Series NSX edition, and therefore
no switching or routing actions can be performed by the firewall.
The only license available for this version of the VM-Series firewall is the VM-1000-HV. For a brief summary
on the capacity, see VM-Series Models; for complete information on the maximum capacities supported on the
VM-1000-HV license refer to the VM-Series datasheet.
Ports/Protocols used Network Communication
In order to enable the network communication required to deploy the VMWare NSX edition firewall, you must
allow the use of the following protocols/ports and applications.

Panorama—To obtain software updates and dynamic updates, Panorama uses SSL to access
updates.paloaltonetworks.com on TCP/443; this URL leverages the CDN infrastructure. If you need a single
IP address, use staticupdate.paloaltonetworks.com. The AppID for updates is paloalto-updates.
The NSX Manager and Panorama use SSL to communicate on TCP/443.

VM-Series NSX Edition—The VM-Series firewalls must be able to access wildfire.paloaltonetworks.com
on port 443. This is an SSL connection and the AppID is paloalto-wildfire-cloud.
The management interface on the VM-Series firewall uses SSL to communicate with Panorama over
TCP/3789.

vCenter Server The vCenter Server must be able to reach the deployment webserver that is hosting the
VM-Series OVF. The port is TCP/80 by default or AppID web-browsing.
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
How Do the Components in the NSX Edition Solution Work Together?
To meet the security challenges in the software-defined datacenter, the NSX Manager, ESXi servers and
Panorama work harmoniously to automate the deployment of the VM-Series firewall.
1. Register the Palo Alto Networks NGFW service—The first step is to register the Palo Alto Networks
NGFW as a service on the NSX Manager. The registration process uses the NetX management plane API to
enable bi-directional communication between Panorama and the NSX Manager. Panorama is configured with
the IP address and access credentials to initiate a connection and register the Palo Alto Networks NGFW service
on the NSX Manager. The configuration includes the URL for accessing the VM-Series base image that is
required to deploy the VM-Series NSX edition firewall, the authorization code for retrieving the license and the
device group to which the VM-Series firewalls will belong. The NSX manager uses this management plane
connection to share updates on the changes in the virtual environment with Panorama.
2. Deploy the VM-Series automatically from NSX—The NSX Manager collects the VM-Series base image
from the URL specified during registration and installs an instance of the VM-Series firewall on each ESXi host
in the ESXi cluster. From a static management IP pool (that you define on the NSX Manager), a management
IP address is assigned to the VM-Series firewall and the Panorama IP address is provided to the firewall. When
the firewall boots up, the NetX dataplane integration API connects the VM-Series firewall to the hypervisor so
that it can receive traffic from the vSwitch.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
53
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
3. Establish communication between the VM-Series firewall and Panorama: The VM-Series firewall then
initiates a connection to Panorama to obtain its license. Panorama retrieves the license from the update server
and pushes it to the firewall. The VM-Series firewall receives the license (VM-1000-HV) and reboots with a valid
serial number.
4. Install configuration/policy from Panorama to the VM-Series firewall: The VM-Series firewall
reconnects with Panorama and provides its serial number. Panorama now adds the firewall to the device group
that was defined in the registration process and pushes the default policy to the firewall. The VM-Series firewall
is now available as a security virtual machine that can be further configured to safely enable applications on the
network.
5. Push traffic redirection rules from NSX Firewall: On the Service Composer on the NSX Firewall, create
security groups and define network introspection rules that specify the guests from which traffic will be steered
to the VM-Series firewall. See Integrated Policy Rules for details.
To ensure that traffic from the guests is steered to the VM-Series firewall, you must have VMware
Tools installed on each guest.If VMware Tools is not installed, the NSX Manager does not know
the IP address of the guest and therefore, the traffic cannot be steered to the VM-Series firewall.
For more information, see Steer Traffic from Guests that are not Running VMware Tools.
6. Receive real-time updates from NSX Manager: The NSX Manager sends real-time updates on the
changes in the virtual environment to Panorama. These updates include information on the security groups and
IP addresses of guests that are part of the security group from which traffic is redirected to the VM-Series
firewall. See Integrated Policy Rules for details.
7. Use Dynamic Address Groups in policy and push dynamic updates from Panorama to the VM-Series
firewalls: On Panorama, use the real-time updates on security groups to create Dynamic Address Groups, bind
them to security policies and then push these policies to the VM-Series firewalls. Every VM-Series firewall in
the device group will have the same set of policies and is now completely marshaled to secure the SDDC. See
Policy Enforcement using Dynamic Address Groups for details.
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Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
Integrated Policy Rules
The NSX Firewall and the VM-Series firewall work in concert to enforce security; each provides a set of traffic
management rules that are applied to the traffic on each ESXi host. The first set of rules is defined on the NSX
Firewall; these rules determine traffic from which guests in the cluster are steered to the VM-Series firewall. The
second set of rules (Palo Alto Networks next-generation firewall rules) is defined on Panorama and pushed to
the VM-Series firewalls. These are security enforcement rules for the traffic that is steered to the Palo Alto
Networks NGFW service. These rules determine how the VM-Series firewall must process—that is allow, deny,
inspect, and constrain—the application for enabling it safely on your network.

Rules defined on the NSX Firewall—The rules for directing traffic from the guests on each ESXi host
are configured on the NSX Manager. The Service Composer on the NSX Manager allows you to define what
kind of security protection, such as firewall rules to be applied to the guests in the ESXi cluster. To define
the rules on the NSX Firewall, you must first aggregate the guests into security groups, and then create NSX
service composer policies to redirect the traffic from these security groups to the Palo Alto Networks
NGFW service and/or the NSX Firewall.
The following diagram illustrates how security groups can be composed of guests across different ESXi
hosts within a cluster.
For traffic that needs to be inspected and secured by the VM-Series firewall, the NSX service composer
policies redirect the traffic to the Palo Alto Networks NGFW service. This traffic is then steered to the
VM-Series firewall and is first processed by the VM-Series firewall before it goes to the virtual switch.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
55
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Traffic that does not need to be inspected by the VM-Series firewall, for example network data backup or
traffic to an internal domain controller, does not need to be redirected to the VM-Series firewall and can be
sent to the virtual switch for onward processing.

Rules centrally managed on Panorama and applied by the VM-Series firewall—The next- generation
firewall rules are applied by the VM-Series firewall. These rules are centrally defined and managed on
Panorama using templates and device groups and pushed to the VM-Series firewalls. The VM-Series firewall
then enforces security policy by matching on source or destination IP address—the use of Dynamic Address
Groups allows the firewall to populate the members of the groups in real time—and forwards the traffic to
the filters on the NSX Firewall.
To understand how the NSX Manager and Panorama stay synchronized with the changes in the SDDC and
ensure that the VM-Series firewall consistently enforces policy, see Policy Enforcement using Dynamic
Address Groups.
Policy Enforcement using Dynamic Address Groups
Unlike the other versions of the VM-Series firewall, the NSX edition does not use security zones as the primary
traffic segmentation mechanism because both virtual wire interfaces belong to the same zone. Instead, the NSX
edition uses Dynamic Address Groups to segment traffic.
A Dynamic Address Group is used as a source or destination object in security policy. Because IP addresses are
constantly changing in a datacenter environment, Dynamic Address Groups offer a way to automate the process
of referencing source and/or destination addresses within security policies. Unlike static address objects that
must be manually updated in configuration and committed whenever there is an address change (addition,
deletion, or move), Dynamic Address Groups automatically adapt to changes.
All security groups defined on the NSX Manager are automatically provided as updates to Panorama using the
NetX API management plane integration and can be used as filter criteria to create Dynamic Address Groups;
the firewall filters for the name of the security group, which is a tag, to find all the members that belong to a
security group.
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Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
If, for example, you have a multi-tier architecture for web applications, on the NSX Manager you create three
security groups for the WebFrontEnd servers, Application servers and the Database servers. The NSX Manager
updates Panorama with the name of the security groups and the IP address of the guests that are included in
each security group.
On Panorama, you can then create three Dynamic Address Groups to match objects that are tagged as
Database, Application and WebFrontEnd. Then, in security policy you can use the Dynamic Address Groups
as source or destination objects, define the applications that are permitted to traverse these servers, and push
the rules to the VM-Series firewalls.
Each time a guest is added or modified in the ESXi cluster or a security group is updated or created, the NSX
Manager uses the PAN-OS REST-based XML API to update Panorama with the IP address, and the security
group to which the guest belongs.
To ensure that the name of each security group is unique, the vCenter server assigns a Managed
Object Reference (MOB) ID to the name you define for the security group. The syntax used to
display the name of a security group on Panorama is specified_name-securitygroup-number; for
example, WebFrontEnd-securitygroup-47.
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VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
When Panorama receives the API notification, it verifies/updates the IP address of each guest and the security
group to which that guest belongs. Then, Panorama pushes these real-time updates to all the firewalls that are
included in the device group and notifies device groups in the service manager configuration on Panorama.
On each firewall, all policy rules that reference these Dynamic Address Groups are updated at runtime. Because
the firewall matches on the security group tag to determine the members of a Dynamic Address Group, you do
not need to modify or update the policy when you make changes in the virtual environment. The firewall
matches the tags to find the current members of each Dynamic Address Group and applies the security policy
to the source/destination IP address that are included in the group.
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Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Overview
What are the Benefits of the NSX Edition Solution?
The NSX edition of the VM-Series firewall is focused on securing east-west communication in the
software-defined datacenter. Deploying the firewall has the following benefits:

Automated Deployment—The NSX Manager automates the process of delivering next-generation firewall
security services and the VM-Series firewall allows for transparent security enforcement. When a new ESXi
host is added to a cluster, a new VM-Series firewall is automatically deployed, provisioned and available for
immediate policy enforcement without any manual intervention. The automated workflow allows you to
keep pace with the virtual machine deployments in your datacenter. The hypervisor mode on the firewall
removes the need to reconfigure the ports/ vswitches/ network topology; because each ESXi host has an
instance of the firewall, the traffic does not need to traverse the network or be backhauled for inspection and
consistent enforcement of policies.

Tighter Integration Between Virtual Environment and Security Enforcement for Dynamic
Security—Dynamic Address Groups maintain awareness of changes in the virtual machines/applications
and ensure that security policy stays in tandem with the changes in the network. This awareness provides
visibility and protection of applications in an agile environment.

Sturdier Centralized Management—The firewalls deployed using this solution are licensed and managed
by Panorama, the Palo Alto Networks central management tool. Using Panorama to manage both the
perimeter and datacenter firewalls (the hardware-based and virtual firewalls) allows you to centralize policy
management and maintain agility and consistency in policy enforcement throughout the network.
In summary, this solution ensures that the dynamic nature of the virtual network is secured with minimal
administrative overhead. You can successfully deploy applications with greater speed, efficiency, and security.
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VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Deployment Checklist
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Deployment Checklist
To deploy the NSX edition of the VM-Series firewall, use the following workflow:


Step 1: Set up the Components—To deploy the VM-Series NSX edition, set up the following
components (see What are the Components of the NSX Edition Solution?):
–
Set up the vCenter server, install and register the NSX Manager with the vCenter server.
If you have not already set up the virtual switch(es) and grouped the ESXi hosts in to clusters, refer to
the VMware documentation for instructions on setting up the vSphere environment. This document
does not take you through the process of setting up the VMware components of this solution.
–
Upgrade Panorama to version 6.1. Create a Device Group and Template on Panorama. If you are new
to Panorama, refer to the Panorama documentation for instructions on setting up Panorama.
–
Download and save the ovf template for the NSX edition of the VM-Series firewall on a web server.
The NSX Manager must have network access to this web server so that it can deploy the VM-Series
firewall as needed. You cannot host the ovf template on Panorama.
–
Register the capacity auth-code for the VM-Series NSX edition firewall with your support account on
the Support Portal. For details, see License and Upgrade the VM-Series Firewall.
Step 2: Register—Configure Panorama to Register the VM-Series Firewall as a Service on the NSX
Manager. When registered, the VM-Series firewall is added to the list of network services that can be
transparently deployed as a service by the NSX Manager.
The connection between Panorama and the NSX Manager is also required for licensing and configuring the
firewall.

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Step 3: Deploy the Firewalls and Create Policies—Install the VM-Series firewall and create policies to
redirect traffic to the VM-Series firewall and to secure the traffic that is redirected to the firewall. See
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall and Create Policies.
–
(On the NSX Manager) Enable SpoofGuard and define rules to block non-IP protocols.
–
(On the NSX Manager) Define the IP address pool. An IP address from the defined range is assigned
to the management interface of each instance of the VM-Series firewall.
–
(On the NSX Manager) Deploy the VM-Series firewall. The NSX Manager automatically deploys an
instance of the VM-1000-HV on each ESXi host in the cluster.
–
(On the NSX Manager) Set up the service composer and create security groups. A security group
assembles the specified guests/applications so that you can apply policy to the group.
–
(On Panorama) Apply policies to the VM-Series firewall. From Panorama, you define, push, and
administer policies centrally on all the VM-Series firewalls. On Panorama, create Dynamic Address
Groups for each security group and reference the Dynamic Address Groups in policy, and then push
the policies to the managed firewalls.
This centralized administration mechanism allows you to secure guests/applications with minimal
administrative intervention.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
–
VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall Deployment Checklist
(On the NSX Manager) Define the network introspection rules that redirect traffic to the VM-Series
firewall.
The network introspection rules on the NSX Manager use the IP address as a match criterion to steer traffic to the VM-Series
firewall. If VMware tools is not installed on the guest, see Steer Traffic from Guests that are not Running VMware Tools.

Step 4: Monitor and Maintain Network Security—Panorama provides a comprehensive, graphical
view of network traffic. Using the visibility tools on Panorama—the Application Command Center (ACC),
logs, and the report generation capabilities—you can centrally analyze, investigate and report on all
network activity, identify areas with potential security impact, and translate them into secure application
enablement policies. Refer to the Panorama Administrator’s Guide for more information.
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Create a Device Group and Template on Panorama
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Create a Device Group and Template on Panorama
To manage the VM-Series NSX edition firewalls using Panorama, the firewalls must belong to a device group;
adding a firewall to a template is optional. Device groups allows you to assemble firewalls that need similar
policies and objects as a logical unit; the configuration is defined using the Objects and Policies tabs on
Panorama. Templates are used to configure the settings that are required for the VM-Series firewalls to operate
on the network; the configuration is defined using the Device and Network tabs on Panorama. You can for
example, use templates to define administrative access to the firewall or to define log settings and server profiles
on the managed firewalls.
If you are new to Panorama, refer to the Panorama Administrator’s Guide for instructions on setting up
Panorama.
Create a Device Group and a Template on Panorama
Step 1
Log in to the Panorama web interface.
Step 2
Add a device group.
Using a secure connection (https) from a web browser, log in using
the IP address and password you assigned during initial
configuration. (https://<IP address>)
1.
Select Panorama > Device Groups, and click Add.
2.
Enter a unique Name and a Description to identify the device
group.
3.
Click OK.
After the firewalls are deployed and provisioned, they will
display under Panorama > Managed Devices and will be listed
in the device group.
4.
Step 3
(Optional) Add a template.
Click Commit, and select Panorama as the Commit Type to save
the changes to the running configuration on Panorama.
1.
Select Panorama > Templates, and click Add.
2.
Enter a unique Name and a Description to identify the
template.
The Operational Mode options, Virtual Systems check
box and the VPN Disable Mode check box do not apply
to the VM-Series firewall.
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3.
Click OK.
4.
Click Commit, and select Panorama as the Commit Type to save
the changes to the running configuration on Panorama.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Register the VM-Series Firewall as a Service on the NSX Manager
Register the VM-Series Firewall as a Service on the NSX
Manager
To automate the provisioning of the VM-Series NSX edition firewall, enable communication between the NSX
Manager and Panorama. This is a one-time setup, and only needs to be modified if the IP address of the NSX
Manager changes or if the capacity license for deploying the VM-Series firewall is exceeded.
Use Panorama to Register the VM-Series Firewall as a Service
Step 1
Log in to the Panorama web interface. Using a secure connection (https) from a web browser, log in
using the IP address and password you assigned during initial
configuration (https://<IP address>).
Step 2
Set up access to the NSX Manager.
1.
Select Panorama > VMware Service Manager.
2.
Enter the Service Manager Name.
On the NSX Manager, this name displays in the Service
Manager column on Networking & Security > Service
Definitions. See the screenshot in Step 9.
Step 3
Specify the location of the OVF file.
3.
(Optional) Add a Description that identifies the VM-Series
firewall as a service.
4.
Enter the NSX Manager URL—IP address or FQDN—at
which to access the NSX Manager.
5.
Enter the NSX Manager Login credentials—username and
password, so that Panorama can authenticate to the NSX
Manager.
In VM-Series OVF URL, add the location of the web server that
hosts the ovf file. Both http and https are supported protocols.
For example, enter
Extract and save both the .ovf and
.vmdk files to the same directory. Both
https://acme.com/software/PA-VM-NSX-6.0.0.ovf
the files are used to deploy each
instance of the firewall.
If needed modify the security settings
on the server so that you can
download the file types. For example,
on the IIS server modify the Mime
Types configuration; on an Apache
server edit the .htaccess file.
Step 4
Add the authorization code.
The authorization code must
be for the VM-Series model
NSX bundle; for example,
PAN-VM-1000-HV-PERPBND-NSX
Verify that the order quantity/
capacity is adequate to support
the needs in your network.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Enter the authorization code that you received with your order
fulfillment email. The authorization code is used to license each
instance of the VM-Series.
On the support portal, you can view the total number of
firewalls that you are authorized to deploy and the ratio of the
number of licenses that have been used to the total number of
licenses enabled by your authorization code.
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Register the VM-Series Firewall as a Service on the NSX Manager
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Use Panorama to Register the VM-Series Firewall as a Service
Step 5
Specify the device group to which the Because the firewalls deployed in this solution will be centrally
firewalls belong, and optionally the
administered from Panorama, you must specify the Device
template.
Group that the firewalls belong to.
All the firewalls that are deployed using the authorization code
defined in Step 4 belong to the specified Template and Device
Group during initial deployment. If you would like to reassign
the firewalls, you must manually move the firewall into a
separate template or device group after they are deployed.
Step 6
Set up notification to different device
groups as new virtual machines are
provisioned or as changes occur on
the network.
To create context awareness between the virtual and security
environments so that policy is consistently applied to all traffic
steered to the firewalls, you need to select the device groups that
need to be notified.
Select the applicable device groups in Notify Device Groups.
The firewalls included in the specified device groups receive a
real-time update of security groups and IP addresses. The
firewalls use this update to determine the most current list of
members that constitute Dynamic Address Groups referenced
in policy.
Step 7
Commit your changes to Panorama.
Select Commit and Commit Type: Panorama.
Step 8
Verify the connection status on
Panorama
Displays the connection status between Panorama and the NSX
Manager. When the connection is successful, the status displays
as Registered. This indicates that Panorama and the NSX
Manager are in sync and the VM-Series firewall is registered as a
service on the NSX Manager.
The unsuccessful status messages are:
• Not connected: Unable to reach/establish a network
connection to the NSX Manager.
• Not authorized: The access credentials (username and/or
password) are incorrect.
• Not registered: The service, service manager, or service
profile is unavailable or was deleted on the NSX Manager.
• Out of sync: The configuration settings defined on Panorama
are different from what is defined on the NSX Manager.
• No service/ No service profile: Indicates an incomplete
configuration on the NSX Manager.
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Register the VM-Series Firewall as a Service on the NSX Manager
Use Panorama to Register the VM-Series Firewall as a Service
Step 9
Verify that the firewall is registered as a service on the NSX Manager.
1. On the vSphere web client, select Networking & Security > Service Definitions.
2. Verify that Palo Alto Networks NGFW displays in the list of services available for installation.
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Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
After registering the VM-Series firewall as a service (Palo Alto Networks NGFW) on the NSX Manager,
complete the following tasks on the NSX Manager.

Enable SpoofGuard

Define an IP Address Pool

Specify the Port Groups from Which to Redirect Traffic

Prepare the ESXi Host for the VM-Series Firewall

Deploy the Palo Alto Networks NGFW Service
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
Enable SpoofGuard
The NSX distributed firewall can only redirect traffic to the VM-series firewall when it matches an IP address
that is known to the vCenter Server. This means that any non-IP L2 traffic, or IP traffic that does not match
the IP addresses known to the vCenter Server, will not match the redirection rules defined on the NSX Manager
and be steered to the VM-Series firewall. Therefore, to ensure that all traffic is correctly filtered, you need to
perform the following steps:

Enable SpoofGuard to prevent unknown IP traffic that might otherwise bypass the VM-series firewall.
When SpoofGuard is enabled if the IP address of a virtual machine changes, traffic from the virtual machine
will be blocked until you inspect and approve the change in IP address in the NSX SpoofGaurd interface.

Configure the NSX firewall rules to block non-IP L2 traffic that cannot be steered to the VM-Series firewall.
vCenter uses VMware Tools to learn the IP address(es) of each guest. If VMware
Tools is not installed on some of your guests, see Steer Traffic from Guests that
are not Running VMware Tools.
Enable SpoofGuard and Block Non-IP L2 Traffic
Step 1
Enable Spoofguard for the port group(s) containing the guests.
When enabled, for each network adapter, SpoofGuard inspects packets for the prescribed MAC and its
corresponding IP address.
1. Select Networking and Security > SpoofGuard.
2. Click Add to create a new policy, and select the following options:
•
•
•
•
SpoofGuard: Enabled
Operation Mode: Automatically trust IP assignments on their first use.
Allow local address as valid address in this namespace.
Select Networks: Select the port groups to which the guests are connected.
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Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Enable SpoofGuard and Block Non-IP L2 Traffic
Step 2
Select the IP protocols to allow.
1. Select Networking and Security > Firewall > Ethernet.
2. Add a rule that allows ARP, IPv4 and IPv6 traffic.
3. Add a rule that blocks everything else.
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Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
Define an IP Address Pool
The IP pool is a range of (static) IP addresses that are reserved for establishing management access to the
VM-Series firewalls. When the NSX Manager deploys a new VM-Series firewall, the first available IP address
from this range is assigned to the management interface of the firewall.
Define an IP Address Pool
Step 1
In the Networking & Security Inventory, select the NSX Manager, and double click to open the configuration
details of the NSX Manager.
Step 2
Select Manage > Grouping Objects > IP Pools.
Step 3
Click Add IP Pool and specify the network access details requested in the screen including the range of static IP
addresses that you want to use for the Palo Alto Networks NGFW.
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Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Specify the Port Groups from Which to Redirect Traffic
So that the NSX Manager can redirect traffic to the VM-Series firewall, you must select the port groups or
logical networks for which the VM-Series firewall must secure traffic.
The port groups are defined on the Palo Alto Networks NGFW service profile. The Palo Alto Networks
NGFW service profile simplifies the process of deploying the VM-Series firewall; once configured, the data
traffic from the selected port group will be checked against the NSX security policies. If NSX security policies
are defined and a policy match occurs for the traffic, the traffic is redirected to the VM-Series firewall.
Select the Port Groups from which to Redirect Traffic to the Palo Alto Networks NGFW
Step 1
Select Networking and Security > Service Definitions, and double click the Palo Alto Networks NGFW
service.
Step 2
Click the Palo Alto NetworksNGFW-GlobalInstance link to view the profile for the service instance.
Step 3
Click the Palo Alto Networks profile 1 link, and select the Applied Objects option.
Step 4
Edit the profile to add one or more Logical Networks or Distributed Virtual Port Groups from which the
firewall will receive data traffic.
In order for the VM-Series firewall to receive traffic from the selected port group, NSX security policies
that steer traffic to the Palo Alto NGFW service must also be defined. For details, see Define Policies
on the NSX Manager.
Step 5
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Click OK to save the changes.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
Prepare the ESXi Host for the VM-Series Firewall
Before you deploy the VM-Series firewall, each guest in the cluster must have the necessary NSX components
that allow the NSX firewall and the VM-Series firewall to work together. The NSX Manager will install the
components— the Ethernet Adapter Module (.eam) and the SDK —required to deploy the VM-Series firewall.
Prepare the ESXi Hosts for the VM-Series Firewall
1.
On the NSX Manager, select Networking and Security > Installation > Host Preparation.
2.
Click Install and verify that the installation status is successful.
As new ESXi hosts are added to a cluster, this process is automated and the necessary NSX components
are automatically installed on each guest on the ESXi host.
3.
If the Installation Status is not ready or a warning displays on screen, click the Resolve link. To monitor the
progress of the re-installation attempt, click the More Tasks link and look for the successful completion of the
following tasks:
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Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Deploy the Palo Alto Networks NGFW Service
Use the following steps to automate the process of deploying an instance of the VM-Series NSX edition firewall
on each ESXi host in the specified cluster.
Deploy the Palo Alto Networks NGFW Service
Step 1
Select Networking and Security > Installation > Service Deployments.
Step 2
Click New Service Deployment (green plus icon), and select the Palo Alto Networks NGFW service. Click Next.
Step 3
Select the Datacenter and the cluster(s) on which the service will be deployed. One instance of the firewall will
be deployed on each host in the selected cluster(s).
Step 4
Select the datastore from which to allocate disk space for the firewall. Select one of the following options
depending on your deployment:
• If you have allocated shared storage for the cluster, select an available shared datatore.
• If you have not allocated shared storage for the cluster, select the Specified-on-host option. Be sure to select
the storage on each ESXi host in the cluster. Also select the network that will be used for the management
traffic on the VM-Series firewall.
Step 5
Select the port group that provides management network traffic access to the firewall.
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Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
Deploy the Palo Alto Networks NGFW Service
Step 6
Select the IP address pool (you defined in Define an IP Address Pool) from which to assign a management IP
address for each firewall when it is being deployed.
Step 7
Review the configuration and click Finish.
Step 8
Verify that the NSX Manager reports the Installation Status as Successful. This process can take a while; click
the More tasks link on vCenter to monitor the progress of the installation.
If the installation of VM-Series fails, the error message is displayed on the Installation Status column.
You can also use the Tasks tab and the Log Browser on the NSX Manager to view the details for the
failure and refer to the VMware documentation for troubleshooting steps.
4.
Verify that the firewall is successfully deployed and that it is connected to Panorama.
In the vCenter server, select Hosts and Clusters to check that every host in the cluster(s) has one instance of the
firewall.
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Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Deploy the Palo Alto Networks NGFW Service
Step 9
Access the Panorama web interface to make sure that the VM-Series firewalls are connected and synchronized
with Panorama.
1. Select Panorama > Managed Devices to verify that the firewalls are connected and synchronized.
2. Click Commit, and select Commit Type as Panorama.
A periodic Panorama commit is required to ensure that Panorama saves the device serial numbers to
configuration. If you reboot Panorama without committing the changes, the managed devices will not
connect back to Panorama; although the Device Group will display the list of devices, the devices will
not display in Panorama > Managed Devices.
Step 10 Verify that the capacity license is applied and apply any additional licenses that you have purchased. At a
minimum, you must activate the support license on each firewall.
1. Select Panorama > Device Deployment > Licenses to verify that the VM-Series capacity license is applied.
2. To apply additional licenses on the VM-Series firewalls:
• Click Activate on Panorama > Device Deployment > Licenses.
• Find or filter for the firewall, and in the Auth Code column, enter the authorization code for the license to
activate. Only one authorization code can be entered at a time, for each firewall.
3. Click Activate, and verify that the result of the license activation was successful.
Step 11 Upgrade the PAN-OS version on the VM-Series firewalls, see Upgrade the PAN-OS Software Version (NSX
Edition).
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Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Create Policies
Create Policies
The following topics describe how to create policies on the NSX Manager to redirect traffic to the VM-Series
firewall and how to create policies on Panorama and apply them on the VM-Series firewall so that the VM-Series
firewall can enforce policy on the traffic that is redirected to it.

Define Policies on the NSX Manager

Apply Policies to the VM-Series Firewall
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Create Policies
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Define Policies on the NSX Manager
In order for the VM-Series firewall to secure the traffic, you must complete the following tasks:


Set Up Security Groups on the NSX Manager
Define Policies to Redirect Traffic to the VM-Series Firewall
Before you apply the redirection policy, make sure to create policies on Panorama
and push them to the VM-Series firewall, see Apply Policies to the VM-Series
Firewall.
The default policy on the VM-Series firewall is set to deny all traffic, which means
that all traffic redirected to the VM-Series firewall will be dropped.

Apply the Redirection Policies on the NSX Manager.
Set Up Security Groups on the NSX Manager
A security group is a logical container that assembles guests across multiple ESXi hosts in the cluster. Creating
security groups makes it easier to manage and secure the guests; to understand how security groups enable
policy enforcement, see Policy Enforcement using Dynamic Address Groups.
Set up Security Groups on the NSX Manager
Step 1
Select Networking and Security > Service Composer > Security Groups, and add a New Security Group.
Step 2
Add a Name and Description. This name will display in the match criteria list when defining Dynamic Address
Groups on Panorama.
Step 3
Select the guests that constitute the security group. You can either add members dynamically using Define
Dynamic Membership or statically using Select the Objects to Include. In the following screenshot, the guests
that belong to the security group are selected using the Select objects to include > Virtual Machine option.
Step 4
Review the details and click OK to create the security group.
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Create Policies
Define Policies to Redirect Traffic to the VM-Series Firewall
Define Policies to Redirect Traffic to the VM-Series Firewall
Step 1
Select Networking and Security > Service Composer > Security Policies, and click Create Security Policy.
Step 2
Add a Name and a Description.
Step 3
In the Network Introspection Services, click Add and enter a Name for the service.
Step 4
Set the Action as Redirect to service, and set the Service Name as Palo Alto NGFW.
Step 5
Select the service profile that you created earlier; Palo Alto Networks profile 1 in this workflow. This profile
specifies the networks/port groups from which the firewall receives data traffic. It will perform network
introspection services on the port specified in the profile.
Step 6
Use the Change link under Source and Destination to specify the direction of flow of traffic that requires
network introspection. Either the source or destination selection (or both) must be Policy's Security Groups,
where you can select the Security Groups you defined earlier.
If, for example, if you want to inspect all incoming traffic from the security groups to the web front end servers
and all outbound traffic from the servers to the security groups, the rule looks as follows:
The completed security policy looks as follows:
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Create Policies
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Do not apply the traffic redirection policies that you created above unless you understand how rules work on
the NSX Manager as well as on the VM-Series firewall and Panorama. The default policy on the VM-Series
firewall is set to deny all traffic, which means that all traffic redirected to the VM-Series firewall will be dropped.
To create policies on Panorama and push them to the VM-Series firewall, see Apply Policies to the VM-Series
Firewall. To apply the redirection policies, see Apply the Security Policies on the NSX Manager.
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Create Policies
Apply Policies to the VM-Series Firewall
Now that you have created the security policies on the NSX Manager, the names of the security groups that are
referenced in security policy will be available on Panorama. You can now use Panorama for centrally
administering policies on the VM-Series firewalls.
To manage centralized policy, you must first create Dynamic Address Group(s) that match on the name of the
security group(s) you defined on the NSX Manager. Then, you attach the Dynamic Address Group as a source
or destination address in security policy and push it to the firewalls; the firewalls can dynamically retrieve the IP
addresses of the virtual machines that are included in each security group to enforce compliance for traffic that
originates from or is destined to the virtual machines in the specified group.
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Create Policies
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Define Policy on Panorama
Step 1
Create Dynamic Address Groups.
1.
Log in to the Panorama web interface.
2.
Select Object > Address Groups.
3.
Select the Device Group
that you
created for managing the VM-Series NSX edition firewalls in
Create a Device Group and Template on Panorama.
4.
Click Add and enter a Name and a Description for the address
group.
5.
Select Type as Dynamic.
6.
Click Add Match Criteria. Select the And or Or operator and
select the
next to the security group name(s) to match
against.
The security groups that display in the match criteria
dialog are derived from the groups you defined in the
Service Composer on the NSX Manager. Only the
security groups that are referenced in the security
policies and from which traffic is redirected to the
VM-Series firewall are available here.
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7.
Click OK.
8.
Repeat Steps 4-7, to create the appropriate number of Dynamic
Address Groups for your network.
9.
Click Commit.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Create Policies
Define Policy on Panorama
Step 2
Create security policies.
1.
Select Policies > Security.
2.
Select the Device Group
that you
created for managing the VM-Series NSX edition firewalls in
Create a Device Group and Template on Panorama.
3.
Click Add and enter a Name and a Description for the rule. In
this example, the security rule allows all traffic between the
WebFrontEnd servers and the Application servers.
4.
For the Source Address and Destination Address, select or
type in an address, address group or region. In this example, we
select an address group, the Dynamic address group you created
in Step 1 above.
5.
Select the Application to allow. In this example, we create an
Application Group that includes a static group of specific
applications that are grouped together.
a. Click Add and select New Application Group.
b. Click Add to select the application to include in the group. In
this example, we select the following:
c. Click OK to create the application group.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
6.
Specify the action— Allow or Deny—for the traffic, and
optionally attach the default security profiles for antivirus,
anti-spyware, and vulnerability protection, under Profiles.
7.
Repeats Steps 3- 6 above to create the pertinent policy rules.
8.
Click Commit, select Commit Type as Panorama. Click OK.
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Create Policies
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Define Policy on Panorama
Step 3
Step 4
Apply the policies to the VM-Series NSX 1.
edition firewalls.
2.
Validate that the members of the
Dynamic Address Group are populated
on the VM-Series firewall.
You cannot verify the members
(registered IP addresses) for the
Dynamic Address Group on
Panorama. This information can
only be viewed from the
VM-Series firewall that enforces
policy.
Click Commit, and select Commit Type as Device Groups.
Select the device group, NSX Device Group in this example and
click OK.
3.
Verify that the commit is successful.
1.
From Panorama, switch device context to launch the web
interface of a firewall to which you pushed policies.
2.
On the VM-Series firewall, select Policies > Security, and select
a rule.
3.
Select the drop-down arrow next to the address group link, and
select Inspect. You can also verify that the match criteria is
accurate.
4.
Click the more link and verify that the list of registered IP
addresses is displayed.
Policy will be enforced for all IP addresses that belong to this
address group, and are displayed here.
Step 5
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(Optional) Use template to push a base
configuration for network and device
configuration such as DNS server, NTP
server, Syslog server, and login banner.
Refer to the Panorama Administrator’s Guide for information on
using templates.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Create Policies
Apply the Redirection Policies on the NSX Manager
The last step in the process of deploying the VM-Series NSX Edition firewall is to apply the redirection policies
to the security groups on the NSX Manager.
Apply the Security Policies on the NSX Manager
1.
Select Networking and Security > Service Composer > Security Policies.
2.
Select the security policy and click Apply Security Policy and select the security groups to which the rules must be
pushed. The rules are applied to each ESXi host included in the selected security groups.
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Steer Traffic from Guests that are not Running VMware Tools
Set Up a VM-Series NSX Edition Firewall
Steer Traffic from Guests that are not Running VMware
Tools
VMware Tools contains a utility that allows the NSX Manager to collect the IP address(es) of each guest running
in the cluster. NSX Manager uses the IP address as a match criterion to steer traffic to the VM-Series firewall.
If you do not have VMware tools installed on each guest, the IP address(es) of the guest is unavailable to the
NSX Manager and traffic cannot be steered to the VM-Series firewall.
The following steps allow you to manually provision guests without VMware Tools so that traffic from each of
these guests can be managed by the VM-Series firewall.
Steer Traffic from Guests that are not Running VMware Tools
Step 1
Create an IP set that includes the guests that need to be secured by the VM-Series firewall. This IP set will be
used as the source or destination object in an NSX distributed firewall rule in Step 4 below.
1. Select NSX Managers > Manage > Grouping Objects > IP Sets.
2. Click Add and enter the IP address of each guest that does not have VMware tools installed, and needs to be
secured by the VM-Series firewall. Use commas to separate individual IP addresses; IP ranges or subnets are
not valid.
Step 2
Verify that SpoofGaurd is enabled. If not enabled, see Enable SpoofGuard.
Step 3
Manually approve the IP address(es) for each guest in Spoofguard; this validates that the approved IP addresses
is the accurate address for that network adapter. For a manually-configured IP address, make sure to add the IP
address to the IP set before approving it in SpoofGuard.
1. Select the new SpoofGuard policy you created to earlier and View: Inactive Virtual NICs.
2. Select the guest and add the IP address in the Approved IP field and Publish changes.
3. Review and approve all previously approved IP addresses too.
Step 4
Attach the IP sets to the Security Groups on NSX, to enforce policy.
1. Select Networking and Security > Service Composer > Security Groups.
2. Select Select objects to include > IP Sets, add the IP set object to include.
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
The VM-Series firewall can be deployed in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) cloud. It can then be configured
to secure access to the applications that are deployed on EC2 instances and placed into a Virtual Private Cloud
(VPC) in AWS.

About the VM-Series Firewall in AWS

Deployments Supported in AWS

Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS

Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud

Use Case: Use Dynamic Address Groups to Secure New EC2 Instances within the VPC

Use Case: VM-Series Firewalls as GlobalProtect Gateways in AWS

List of Attributes Monitored on the AWS VPC
VM-Series Deployment Guide
85
About the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
About the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
The Amazon Web Service (AWS) is a public cloud service that enables you to run your applications on a shared
infrastructure managed by Amazon. These applications can be deployed on scalable computing capacity or EC2
instances in different AWS regions and accessed by users over the Internet. For networking consistency and ease
of management of EC2 instances, Amazon offers the Virtual Private Cloud (VPC). A VPC is apportioned from
the AWS public cloud, and is assigned a CIDR block from the private network space (RFC 1918). Within a VPC,
you can carve public/private subnets for your needs and deploy the applications on EC2 instances within those
subnets. To then enable access to the applications within the VPC, you can deploy the VM-Series firewall on an
EC2 instance. The VM-Series firewall can then be configured to secure traffic to and from the EC2 instances
within the VPC.
This document assumes that you are familiar with the networking and configuration of the AWS VPC. In order
to provide context for the terms used in this section, here is a brief refresher on the AWS terms (some
definitions are taken directly from the AWS glossary) that are referred to in this document:
Term
Description
EC2
Elastic Compute Cloud
A web service that enables you to launch and manage Linux/UNIX and Windows
server instances in Amazon's datacenters.
AMI
Amazon Machine Image
An AMI provides the information required to launch an instance, which is a virtual
server in the cloud.
The VM-Series AMI is an encrypted machine image that includes the operating system
required to instantiate the VM-Series firewall on an EC2 instance.
Instance type
Amazon-defined specifications that stipulate the memory, CPU, storage capacity, and
hourly cost for an instance. Some instance types are designed for standard applications,
whereas others are designed for CPU-intensive, memory-intensive applications, and so
on.
ENI
Elastic Network Interface
An additional network interface that can be attached to an EC2 instance. ENIs can
include a primary private IP address, one or more secondary private IP addresses, a
public IP address, an elastic IP address (optional), a MAC address, membership in
specified security groups, a description, and a source/destination check flag.
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Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Term
About the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Description
IP address types for EC2 An EC2 instance can have different types of IP addresses.
instances
• Public IP address: An IP address that can be routed across the Internet.
• Private IP address: A IP address in the private IP address range as defined in the
RFC 1918. You can choose to manually assign an IP address or to auto assign an IP
address within the range in the CIDR block for the subnet in which you launch the
EC2 instance.
If you are manually assigning an IP address, Amazon reserves the first four (4) IP
addresses and the last one (1) IP address in every subnet for IP networking
purposes.
• Elastic IP address (EIP): A static IP address that you have allocated in Amazon EC2
or Amazon VPC and then attached to an instance. Elastic IP addresses are
associated with your account, not with a specific instance. They are elastic because
you can easily allocate, attach, detach, and free them as your needs change.
An instance in a public subnet can have a Private IP address, a Public IP address, and
an Elastic IP address (EIP); an instance in a private subnet will have a private IP address
and optionally have an EIP.
VPC
Virtual Private Cloud
An elastic network populated by infrastructure, platform, and application services that
share common security and interconnection.
IGW
Internet gateway provided by Amazon.
Connects a network to the Internet. You can route traffic for IP addresses outside your
VPC to the Internet gateway.
Subnets
A segment of the IP address range of a VPC to which EC2 instances can be attached.
EC2 instances are grouped into subnets based on your security and operational needs.
There are two types of subnets:
• Private subnet: The EC2 instances in this subnet cannot be reached from the
Internet.
• Public subnet: The Internet gateway is attached to the public subnet, and the EC2
instances in this subnet can be reached from the Internet.
Security groups
A security group is attached to an ENI and it specifies the list of protocols, ports, and
IP address ranges that are allowed to establish inbound/outbound connections on the
interface.
In the AWS VPC, security groups and network ACLs control inbound and
outbound traffic; security groups regulate access to the EC2 instance, while
network ACLs regulate access to the subnet. Because you are deploying the
VM-Series firewall, set more permissive rules in your security groups and
network ACLs and allow the firewall to safely enable applications in the VPC.
Route tables
VM-Series Deployment Guide
A set of routing rules that controls the traffic leaving any subnet that is associated with
the route table. A subnet can be associated with only one route table.
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About the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Term
Description
Key pair
A set of security credentials you use to prove your identity electronically. The key pair
consists of a private key and a public key. At time of launching the VM-Series firewall,
you must generate a key pair or select an existing key pair for the VM-Series firewall.
The private key is required to access the firewall in maintenance mode.
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Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deployments Supported in AWS
Deployments Supported in AWS
The VM-Series firewall secures inbound and outbound traffic to and from EC2 instances within the AWS
Virtual Private Cloud (VPC). Because the AWS VPC only supports an IP network (Layer 3 networking
capabilities), the VM-Series firewall can only be deployed with Layer 3 interfaces.

Deploy the VM-Series firewall to secure the EC2 instances hosted in the AWS Virtual Private Cloud.
If you host your applications in the AWS cloud, deploy the VM-Series firewall to protect and safely enable
applications for users who access these applications over the Internet. For example, the following diagram
shows the VM-Series firewall deployed in the Edge subnet to which the Internet gateway is attached. The
application(s) are deployed in the private subnet, which does not have direct access to the Internet.
When users need to access the applications in the private subnet, the firewall receives the request and directs
it to the appropriate application, after verifying security policy and performing Destination NAT. On the
return path, the firewall receives the traffic, applies security policy and uses Source NAT to deliver the
content to the user. See Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud.

Deploy the VM-Series firewall for VPN access between the corporate network and the EC2 instances within
the AWS Virtual Private Cloud.
To connect your corporate network with the applications deployed in the AWS Cloud, you can configure the
firewall as a termination point for an IPSec VPN tunnel. This VPN tunnel allows users on your network to
securely access the applications in the cloud.
For centralized management, consistent enforcement of policy across your entire network, and for
centralized logging and reporting, you can also deploy Panorama in your corporate network. If you need to
set up VPN access to multiple VPCs, using Panorama allows you to group the firewalls by region and
administer them with ease.
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Deployments Supported in AWS

90
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series firewall as a GlobalProtect gateway to secure access for remote users using laptops.
The GlobalProtect agent on the laptop connects to the gateway, and based on the request, the gateway either
sets up a VPN connection to the corporate network or routes the request to the Internet. To enforce security
compliance for users on mobile devices (using the GlobalProtect App), the GlobalProtect gateway is used
in conjunction with the GlobalProtect Mobile Security Manager. The GlobalProtect Mobile Security
Manager ensures that mobile devices are managed and configured with the device settings and account
information for use with corporate applications and networks.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS

Obtain the AMI

Review System Requirements and Limitations for VM-Series in AWS

Planning Worksheet for the VM-Series in the AWS VPC

Launch the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Obtain the AMI
The AMI for the VM-Series firewall is available in the AWS Marketplace with the Bring Your Own License
(BYOL) pricing option. For purchasing licenses contact your Palo Alto Networks sales engineer or reseller.
Review System Requirements and Limitations for VM-Series in AWS
Requirement
Details
EC2 instance types
Deploy the VM-Series firewall on any of the following EC2 instance types:
• m3.xlarge
• c3.xlarge
• c3.8xlarge
The minimum resource requirements for the VM-Series firewall are:
vCPU: 2; Memory: 4GB; 5GB for the VM-1000-HV; Disk: 40GB.
If you deploy the VM-Series firewall on an EC2 instance type that does not meet these
requirements, the firewall will boot into maintenance mode.
Amazon Elastic Block
Storage (EBS)
The VM-Series firewall must use the Amazon Elastic Block Storage (EBS) volume for
storage. EBS optimization provides an optimized configuration stack and additional,
dedicated capacity for Amazon EBS I/O.
Networking
Because the AWS only supports Layer 3 networking capabilities, the VM-Series firewall
can only be deployed with Layer 3 interfaces. Layer 2 interfaces, virtual wire, VLANs,
and subinterfaces are not supported on the VM-Series firewall deployed in the AWS
VPC.
Interfaces
Support for a total of eight interfaces is available—one management interface and a
maximum of seven Elastic Network Interfaces (ENIs) for data traffic. The VM-Series
firewall does not support hot attachment of ENIs; to detect the addition or removal of
an ENI you must reboot the firewall.
Your EC2 instance type selection determines the total number of ENIs you can
enable. For example, the c3.8xlarge supports eight (8) ENIs.
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Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Requirement
Details
Support entitlement and
Licenses
A support account and a valid VM-Series license are required to obtain the Amazon
Machine Image (AMI) file, which is required to install the VM-Series firewall in the
AWS VPC.
The licenses required for the VM-Series firewall—capacity license, support license, and
subscriptions for Threat Prevention, URL Filtering, WildFire, etc—must be purchased
from Palo Alto Networks. To purchase the licenses for your deployment, contact your
sales representative.
Planning Worksheet for the VM-Series in the AWS VPC
For ease of deployment, plan the subnets within the VPC and the EC2 instances that you want to deploy within
each subnet. Before you begin, use the following table to collate the network information required to deploy
and insert the VM-Series firewall into the traffic flow in the VPC:
Configuration Item
Value
VPC CIDR
Security Groups
Subnet (public) CIDR
Subnet (private) CIDR
Subnet (public) Route Table
Subnet (private) Route Table
Security Groups
• Rules for Management Access to
the firewall (eth0/0)
• Rules for access to the dataplane
interfaces of the firewall
• Rules for access to the interfaces
assigned to the application servers.
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Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Configuration Item
Value
EC2 Instance 1 (VM-Series firewall)
Subnet:
Instance type:
Mgmt interface IP:
Mgmt interface EIP:
Dataplane interface eth1/1
An EIP is only required for the
dataplane interface that is attached
• Private IP:
to the public subnet.
• EIP (if required):
• Security Group:
Dataplane interface eth1/2
• Private IP:
• EIP (if required):
• Security Group:
EC2 Instance 2 (Application to be
secured)
Subnet:
Repeat these set of values for additional
application(s) being deployed.
Mgmt interface IP:
Instance type:
Default gateway:
Dataplane interface 1
• Private IP
Launch the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
If you have not already registered the capacity auth-code that you received with the order fulfillment email, with
your support account, see Register the VM-Series Firewall. After registering, deploy the VM-Series firewall by
launching it in the AWS VPC as follows:
Launch the VM-Series Firewall in the AWS VPC
Step 1
Access the AWS Console.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Log in to the AWS console and select the EC2 Dashboard.
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Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Launch the VM-Series Firewall in the AWS VPC
Step 2
Set up the VPC for your network needs.
1.
2.
Whether you launch the VM-Series
firewall in an existing VPC or you create a
new VPC, the VM-Series firewall must be
able to receive traffic from the EC2
instances and perform inbound and
outbound communication between the
VPC and the Internet.
Refer to the AWS VPC documentation
for instructions on creating a VPC and
setting it up for access.
For an example with a complete
workflow, see Use Case: Secure the EC2
Instances in the AWS Cloud.
94
Create a new VPC or use an existing VPC.
Verify that the network and security components are defined
suitably.
• Enable communication to the Internet. The default VPC
includes an Internet gateway, and if you install the VM-Series
firewall in the default subnet it has access to the Internet.
• Create subnets. Subnets are segments of the IP address range
assigned to the VPC in which you can launch the EC2
instances. The VM-Series firewall must belong to the public
subnet so that it can be configured to access the Internet.
• Create security groups as needed to manage inbound and
outbound traffic from the EC2 instances/subnets.
• Add routes to the route table for a private subnet to ensure
that traffic can be routed across subnets and security groups
in the VPC, as applicable.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Launch the VM-Series Firewall in the AWS VPC
Step 3
Launch the VM-Series firewall.
1.
On the EC2 Dashboard, click Launch Instance.
2.
Select the VM-Series AMI. To get the AMI, see Obtain the AMI.
3.
Launch the VM-Series firewall on an EC2 instance.
a. Choose the EC2 instance type—m3.xlarge, c3.xlarge, or
c3.8xlarge—for allocating the resources required for the
firewall, and click Next.
b. Select the VPC.
c. Select the public subnet to which the VM-Series management
interface will attach.
Although you can add additional network
interfaces to the VM-Series firewall when
you launch, to minimize any issues with
deploying the instance attach additional
network interfaces after you launch the
firewall.
d. Select Automatically assign a public IP address. This allows
you to obtain a publicly accessible IP address for the
management interface of the VM-Series firewall.
You can later attach an Elastic IP address to the management
interface; unlike the public IP address that is disassociated
from the firewall when the instance is terminated, the Elastic
IP address provides persistence and can be reattached to a
new (or replacement) instance of the VM-Series firewall
without the need to reconfigure the IP address wherever you
might have referenced it.
e. Select Launch as an EBS-optimized instance.
f. Accept the default Storage settings.
g. Skip Tagging. You can add tags later.
h. Select an existing Security Group or create a new one. This
security group is for restricting access to the management
interface of the firewall.
i. If prompted, select an appropriate SSD option for your setup.
j. Select Review and Launch. Review that your selections are
accurate and click Launch.
k. Select an existing key pair or create a new one, and
acknowledge the key disclaimer.
This key pair is required for first time
access to the firewall. It is also required to
access the firewall in maintenance mode.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
l. Download and save the private key to a safe location; the file
extension is .pem. You cannot regenerate this key, if lost.
It takes 5-7 minutes to launch the VM-Series firewall. You
can view the progress on the EC2 Dashboard.When the
process completes, the VM-Series firewall displays on the
Instances page of the EC2 Dashboard.
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Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Launch the VM-Series Firewall in the AWS VPC
Step 4
Configure a new administrative password 1.
for the firewall.
Use public IP address to SSH into the Command Line Interface
(CLI) of the VM-Series firewall.
The default password is admin. Using the
CLI, you must configure a unique
password for the firewall before you can 2.
access the web interface of the firewall.
You will need the private key that you used or created in
Step 3-k to access the CLI.
3.
Enter the following command to log in to the firewall:
ssh-i
<private_key.pem> [email protected]<public-ip_address>
Configure a new password, using the following command and
follow the onscreen prompts:
configure
set mgt-config users admin password
commit
4.
Step 5
96
Shutdown the VM-Series firewall.
Terminate the SSH session.
1.
On the EC2 Dashboard, select Instances.
2.
From the list, select the VM-Series firewall and click Actions >
Stop.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Launch the VM-Series Firewall in the AWS VPC
Step 6
Create virtual network interface(s) and
attach the interface(s) to the VM-Series
firewall. The virtual network interfaces
are called Elastic Network Interfaces
(ENIs) in AWS, and serve as the
dataplane network interfaces on the
firewall. These interfaces are used for
handling data traffic to/from the firewall.
1.
2.
Enter a descriptive name for the interface.
3.
Select the subnet. Use the subnet ID to make sure that you have
selected the correct subnet. You can only attach an ENI to an
instance in the same subnet.
4.
Enter the Private IP address to assign to the interface or select
Auto-assign to automatically assign an IP address within the
available IP addresses in the selected subnet.
You will need at least two ENIs. You can
add up to seven ENIs to handle data
5.
traffic on the VM-Series firewall; check
your EC2 instance type to verify the
6.
maximum number supported on it.
To detect the newly attached
ENIs, the VM-Series firewall
requires a reboot. If you have not
shutdown the firewall yet,
proceed with the license
activation process, which triggers
7.
a reboot on the firewall. When the
firewall reboots, the ENIs will be
detected.
Step 7
Activate the licenses on the VM-Series
firewall.
On the EC2 Dashboard, select Network Interfaces, and click
Create Network Interface.
Select the Security group to control access to the dataplane
network interface.
Click Yes, Create.
To attach the ENI to the VM-Series firewall, select the interface
you just created, and click Attach.
8.
Select the Instance ID of the VM-Series firewall, and click
Attach.
9.
Repeat the steps above for creating and attaching at least one
more ENI to the firewall.
See Activate the License.
This task is not performed on the
AWS management console.
Access to the Palo Alto Networks
support portal and the web interface of
the VM-Series firewall is required for
license activation.
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Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Launch the VM-Series Firewall in the AWS VPC
Step 8
Step 9
Disable Source/Destination check on
every firewall dataplane network
interface(s). Disabling this option allows
the interface to handle network traffic
that is not destined to the IP address
assigned to the network interface.
Configure the dataplane network
interfaces as Layer 3 interfaces on the
firewall.
1.
On the EC2 Dashboard, select the network interface, for
example eth1/1, in the Network Interfaces tab.
2.
In the Action drop-down, select Change Source/Dest. Check
3.
Click Disabled and Save your changes.
4.
Repeat Steps 1-3 for each firewall dataplane interface.
1.
Launch a web browser and enter the Public IP address or EIP
assigned to the management interface of the VM-Series firewall.
2.
Select Network > Interfaces > Ethernet.
For an example configuration, see Step 14
through Step 17 in Use Case: Secure the
EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud.
Before you begin setting up the network interfaces,
verify that the Link state for the interface is up.
.
If the link state is not up, reboot the firewall.
3.
Click the link for ethernet 1/1 and configure as follows:
– Interface Type: Layer3
– On the Config tab, assign the interface to the default router.
– On the Config tab, expand the Security Zone drop-down
and select New Zone. Define a new zone, for example
VM_Series_untrust, and then click OK.
– On the IPv4 tab, select either Static or DHCP Client.
If using the Static option, click Add in the IP section, and
enter the IP address and network mask for the interface, for
example 10.0.0.10/24.
Make sure that the IP address matches the ENI IP address
that you assigned earlier.
On the application servers within the VPC,
define the dataplane network interface of
the firewall as the default gateway.
If using DHCP, select DHCP Client; the private IP address
that you assigned to the ENI in the AWS management
console will be automatically acquired.
4.
Click the link for ethernet 1/2 and configure as follows:
– Interface Type: Layer3
– Security Zone: VM_Series_trust
– IP address: Select the Static or DHCP Client radio button.
For static, click Add in the IP section, and enter the IP
address and network mask for the interface. Make sure that
the IP address matches the attached ENI IP address that
you assigned earlier.
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Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Launch the VM-Series Firewall in the AWS VPC
For DHCP, clear the Automatically create default
route to default gateway provided by server
checkbox. For an interface that is attached to the
private subnet in the VPC, disabling this option ensures
that traffic handled by this interface does not flow directly
to the Internet gateway on the VPC.
Step 10 Create NAT rules to allow inbound and
outbound traffic from the servers
deployed within the VPC
1.
Select Policies > NAT on the web interface of the firewall.
2.
Create a NAT rule to allow traffic from the dataplane network
interface on the firewall to the web server interface in the VPC.
3.
Create a NAT rule to allow outbound access for traffic from the
web server to the Internet.
Step 11 Create security policies to allow/deny
traffic to/from the servers deployed
within the VPC.
1.
Select Policies > Security on the web interface of the firewall.
2.
Click Add, and specify the zones, applications and logging
options that you would like to execute to restrict and audit traffic
traversing through the network.
Step 12 Commit the changes on the firewall.
1.
Click Commit.
Step 13 Verify that the VM-Series firewall is
securing traffic and that the NAT rules
are in effect.
1.
Select Monitor > Logs > Traffic on the web interface of the
firewall.
2.
View the logs to make sure that the applications traversing the
network match the security policies you implemented.
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Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
In this example, the VPC is deployed in the 10.0.0.0/16 network with two /24 subnets: 10.0.0.0/24 and
10.0.1.0/24. The VM-Series firewall will be launched in the 10.0.0.0/24 subnet to which the Internet gateway is
attached. The 10.0.1.0/24 subnet is a private subnet that will host the EC2 instances that need to be secured by
the VM-Series firewall; any server on this private subnet uses NAT for a routable IP address (which is an Elastic
IP address) to access the Internet. Use the Planning Worksheet for the VM-Series in the AWS VPC to plan the
design within your VPC; recording the subnet ranges, network interfaces and the associated IP addresses for the
EC2 instances, and security groups, will make the setup process easier and more efficient.
The following image depicts the logical flow of traffic to/from the web server to the Internet. Traffic to/from
the web server is sent to the data interface of the VM-Series firewall that is attached to the private subnet. The
firewall applies policy and processes incoming/outgoing traffic from/to the Internet Gateway of the VPC. The
image also shows the security groups to which the data interfaces are attached.
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Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
Step 1
Create a new VPC with a public subnet
(or select an existing VPC).
1.
Log in to the AWS console and select the VPC Dashboard.
2.
Verify that you’ve selected the correct geographic area (AWS
region). The VPC will be deployed in the currently selected
region.
3.
Select Start VPC Wizard, and select VPC with a Single Public
Subnet.
In this example, the IP CIDR block for the VPC is 10.0.0.0/16,
the VPC name is Cloud DC, the public subnet is 10.0.0.0/24,
and the subnet name is Cloud DC Public subnet. You will create
a private subnet after creating the VPC.
4.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Click Create VPC.
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Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
Step 2
Create a private subnet.
Select Subnets, and click Create a Subnet. Fill in the information.
In this example, the Name tag for the subnet is Web/DB Server
Subnet, it is created in the Cloud Datacenter VPC and is assigned a
CIDR block of 10.0.1.0/24.
Step 3
Create a new route table for each subnet. 1.
2.
Although a main route table is
automatically created on the VPC,
we recommend creating new route 3.
tables instead of modifying the
default route table.
Select Route Tables > Create Route Table.
Add a Name, for example CloudDC-public-subnet-RT, select
the VPC you created in Step 1, and click Yes, Create.
Select the route table, click Subnet Associations and select the
public subnet.
To direct outbound traffic from
each subnet, you will add routes to
the route table associated with each
subnet, later in this workflow.
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4.
Select Create Route Table.
5.
Add a Name, for example CloudDC-private-subnet-RT, select
the VPC you created in Step 1, and click Yes, Create.
6.
Select the route table, click Subnet Associations and select the
private subnet.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
Step 4
Select Security Groups and click the Create Security Group button.
Create Security Groups to restrict
inbound/outbound Internet access to the In this example, we create three security groups with the following
EC2 instances in the VPC.
rules for inbound access:
By default, AWS disallows
communication between interfaces that
do not belong to the same security group.
• CloudDC-Management that specifies the protocols and
source IP addresses that can connect to the management
interface of the VM-Series firewall. At a minimum you need
SSH, and HTTPS. In this example, we enable SSH, ICMP,
HTTP, and HTTPS on the network interfaces that are
attached to this security group.
The management interface (eth 0/0) of the VM-Series
firewall will be assigned to CloudDC-management-sg.
• Public-Server-CloudDC that specifies the source IP
addresses that can connect over HTTP, FTP, SSH within the
VPC. This group allows traffic from the external network to
the firewall.
The dataplane interface eth1/1 of the VM-Series firewall will
be assigned to Public-Server-CloudDC.
• Private-Server-CloudDC that has very limited access. It only
allows other EC2 instances on the same subnet to
communicate with each other, and with the VM-Series
firewall.
The dataplane interface eth1/2 of the VM-Series firewall and
the application in the private subnet will be attached to this
security group.
Step 5
See Step 3 in Launch the VM-Series Firewall in AWS.
Deploy the VM-Series firewall.
Only the primary network interface
that will serve as the management
interface will be attached and
configured for the firewall during the
initial launch. The network interfaces
required for handling data traffic will be
added in Step 6.
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Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
Step 6
1.
Create and attach virtual network
interface(s), referred to as Elastic
Network Interfaces (ENIs), to the
2.
VM-Series firewall. These ENIs are used
3.
for handling data traffic to/from the
firewall.
On the EC2 Dashboard, select Network Interfaces, and click
Create Network Interface.
Enter a descriptive name for the interface.
Select the subnet. Use the subnet ID to make sure that you have
selected the correct subnet. You can only attach an ENI to an
instance in the same subnet.
4.
Enter the Private IP address that you want to assign to the
interface or select Auto-assign to automatically assign an IP
address within the available IP addresses in the selected subnet.
5.
Select the Security group to control access to the network
interface.
6.
Click Yes, Create.
In this example, we create two interfaces with the following
configuration:
• For Eth1/1 (VM-Series-Untrust)
– Subnet: 10.0.0.0/24
– Private IP:10.0.0.10
– Security group: Public-Server-CloudDC
• For Eth1/2 (VM-Series-Trust)
– Subnet: 10.0.1.0/24
– Private IP:10.0.1.10
– Security group: Private-Server-CloudDC
7.
8.
To attach the ENI to the VM-Series firewall, select the interface
you just created, and click Attach.
Select the Instance ID of the VM-Series firewall, and click
Attach.
9.
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Repeat steps 7 and 8 to attach the other network interface.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
Step 7
Create an Elastic IP address and attach it 1.
to the firewall dataplane network interface 2.
that requires direct Internet access.
3.
In this example, VM-Series_Untrust is
4.
assigned an EIP. The EIP associated with
the interface is the publicly accessible IP
address for the web server in the private
subnet.
Select Elastic IPs and click Allocate New Address.
Select EC2-VPC and click Yes, Allocate.
Select the newly allocated EIP and click Associate Address.
Select the Network Interface and the Private IP address
associated with the interface and click Yes, Associate.
In this example, the configuration is:
Step 8
Step 9
Disable Source/Destination check on
each network interface attached to the
VM-Series firewall. Disabling this
attribute allows the interface to handle
network traffic that is not destined to its
IP address.
1.
Select the network interface in the Network Interfaces tab.
2.
In the Action drop-down, select Change Source/Dest. Check.
3.
Click Disabled and Save your changes.
4.
Repeat steps 1-3 for additional network interfaces, firewall-1/2
in this example.
1.
In the route table associated with the
public subnet (from Step 3), add a default
route to the Internet gateway for the
2.
VPC.
3.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
From the VPC Dashboard, select Route Tables and find the
route table associated with the public subnet.
Select the route table, select Routes and click Edit.
Add a route to forward packets from this subnet to the Internet
gateway. In this example, 0.0.0.0.0 indicates that all traffic
from/to this subnet will use the Internet gateway attached to the
VPC.
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Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
1.
Step 10 In the route table associated with the
private subnet, add a default route to send
traffic to the VM-Series firewall.
2.
Adding this route enables the forwarding 3.
of traffic from the EC2 instances in this
private subnet to the VM-Series firewall.
From the VPC Dashboard, select Route Tables and find the
route table associated with the private subnet.
Select the route table, select Routes and click Edit.
Add a route to forward packets from this subnet to the
VM-Series firewall network interface that resides on the same
subnet. In this example, 0.0.0.0/0 indicates that all traffic
from/to this subnet will use eni-abf355f2 (ethernet 1/2, which
is CloudDC-VM-Series-Trust) on the VM-Series firewall.
.
For each web or database server deployed on an EC2
instance in the private subnet, you must also add the IP
address of the VM-Series firewall as the default gateway.
Perform Step 11 through Step 16 on the
VM-Series firewall
Step 11 Configure a new administrative password 1.
for the firewall.
An SSH tool such as PuTTY is required to
access the CLI on the firewall and change
the default administrative password. You
cannot access the web interface until you 2.
SSH and change the default password.
3.
Use the public IP address you configured on the firewall, to SSH
into the Command Line Interface (CLI) of the VM-Series
firewall.
You will need the private key that you used or created in Launch
the VM-Series firewall., Step 3-k to access the CLI.
Enter the following command to log in to the firewall:
ssh-i
<private_key_name> [email protected]<public-ip_address>
Configure a new password, using the following command and
follow the onscreen prompts:
set password
configure
commit
4.
Terminate the SSH session.
Step 12 Access the web interface of the
VM-Series firewall.
Open a web browser and enter the public IP address or the EIP of
the management interface. For example: https://54.183.85.163
Step 13 Activate the licenses on the VM-Series
firewall.
SeeActivate the License.
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Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
Step 14 On the VM-Series firewall, configure the 1.
dataplane network interfaces on the
firewall as Layer 3 interfaces.
2.
Select Network > Interfaces > Ethernet.
Before you begin setting up the network interfaces, verify that
the Link state for the interface is up.
. If the link state
is not up, reboot the firewall.
Click the link for ethernet 1/1 and configure as follows:
• Interface Type: Layer3
• Select the Config tab, assign the interface to the default
router.
• On the Config tab, expand the Security Zone drop-down and
select New Zone. Define a new zone, for example untrust,
and then click OK.
• Select IPv4, select DHCP Client; the private IP address that
you assigned to the network interface in the AWS
management console will be acquired automatically.
• On the Advanced > Other Info tab, expand the Management
Profile drop-down, and select New Management Profile.
• Enter a Name for the profile, such as allow_ping, and select
Ping from the Permitted Services list, then click OK.
• To save the interface configuration, click OK.
3.
Click the link for ethernet 1/2 and configure as follows:
• Interface Type: Layer3
• Select the Config tab, assign the interface to the default
router.
• On the Config tab, expand the Security Zone drop-down and
select New Zone. Define a new zone, for example trust, and
then click OK.
• Select IPv4, select DHCP Client.
• On the IPv4 tab, clear the Automatically create default
route to default gateway provided by server check box. For
an interface that is attached to the private subnet in the VPC,
disabling this option ensures that traffic handled by this
interface does not flow directly to the IGW on the VPC.
• On the Advanced > Other Info, expand the Management
Profile drop-down, and select the allow_ping profile you
created earlier.
• Click OK to save the interface configuration.
4.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Click Commit to save the changes.
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Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
1.
Step 15 On the VM-Series firewall, create
Destination NAT and Source NAT rules 2.
to allow inbound/outbound traffic
to/from the applications deployed within
the VPC.
Select Policies > NAT.
Create a Destination NAT rule that steers traffic from the
firewall to the web server.
a. Click Add, and enter a name for the rule. For example,
NAT2WebServer.
b. In the Original Packet tab, make the following selections:
– Source Zone: untrust (where the traffic originates)
– Destination Zone: untrust (the zone for the firewall
dataplane interface with which the EIP for the web server
is associated.)
– Source Address: Any
– Destination Address: 10.0.0.10
– In the Translated Packet tab, select the Destination
Address Translation checkbox and set the Translated
Address: to 10.0.1.62, which is the private IP address of the
web server.
c. Click OK.
3.
Create a Source NAT rule to allow outbound traffic from the
web server to the Internet.
a. Click Add, and enter a name for the rule. For example,
NAT2External.
b. In the Original Packet tab, make the following selections:
– Source Zone: trust (where the traffic originates)
– Destination Zone: untrust (the zone for the firewall
dataplane interface with which the EIP for the web server
is associated.)
– Source Address: Any
– Destination Address: Any
c. In the Translated Packet tab, make the following selections
in the Source Address Translation section:
– Translation Type: Dynamic IP and Port
– Address Type: Translated Address
– Translated Address: 10.0.0.10 (the firewall dataplane
interface in the untrust zone.)
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Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
d. Click OK.
4.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Click Commit to save the NAT policies.
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Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
Step 16 On the VM-Series firewall, create security 1.
policies to manage traffic.
2.
Select Policies > Security.
In this example, we have four rules. A rule that allows
management access to the firewall traffic, a rule to allow
inbound traffic to the web server, a third rule to allow Internet
access to the web server, and in the last rule we modify a
predefined intrazone-default rule to log all traffic that is denied.
Create a rule to allow management access to the firewall.
a. Click Add and enter a Name for the rule. Verify that the Rule
Type is universal.
b. In the Source tab, add untrust as the Source Zone.
c. In the Destination tab, add trust as the Destination Zone.
d. In the Applications tab, Add ping and ssh.
e. In the Actions tab, set the Action to Allow.
f. Click OK.
3.
Create a rule to allow inbound traffic to the web server.
a. Click Add and enter a Name for the rule and verify that the
Rule Type is universal.
b. In the Source tab, add untrust as the Source Zone.
c. In the Destination tab, add trust as the Destination Zone.
d. In the Applications tab, Add web-browsing.
e. In the Service/URL Category tab, verify that the service is set
to application-default.
f. In the Actions tab, set the Action to Allow.
g. In the Profile Settings section of the Actions tab, select
Profiles and then attach the default profiles for antivirus,
anti-spyware, and vulnerability protection.
h. Click OK.
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Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
Instead of entering a static IP address for the 4.
web server, use a dynamic address group.
Dynamic address groups allow you to create
policy that automatically adapts to changes
so that you do not need to update the policy
when you launch additional web servers in
the subnet. For details, see Use Case: Use
Dynamic Address Groups to Secure New
EC2 Instances within the VPC.
Create a rule to allow Internet access to the web server.
a. Click Add and enter a Name for the rule and verify that the
Rule Type is universal.
b. In the Source tab, add trust as the Source Zone.
c. In the Source Address section of the Source tab, add
10.0.1.62, the IP address of the web server.
d. In the Destination tab, add untrust as the Destination Zone.
e. In the Service/URL Category tab, verify that the service is set
to application-default.
f. In the Actions tab, set the Action to Allow.
g. In the Profile Settings section of the Actions tab, select
Profiles and then attach the default profiles for antivirus,
anti-spyware, and vulnerability protection.
h. Click OK.
5.
Edit the interzone-default rule to log all traffic that is denied.
This predefined interzone rule is evaluated when no other rule
is explicitly defined to match traffic across different zones.
a. Select the interzone-default rule and click Override.
b. In the Actions tab, select Log at session end.
c. Click OK.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
6.
Review the complete set of security rules defined on the firewall.
7.
Click Commit to save the policies.
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Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy the VM-Series Firewall as a Cloud Gateway
Step 17 Verify that the VM-Series firewall is
securing traffic.
1.
Launch a web browser and enter the IP address for the web
server.
2.
Log in to the web interface of the VM-Series firewall and verify
that you can see the traffic logs for the sessions at Monitor >
Logs > Traffic.
• Traffic inbound to the web server (arrives at EC2 instance in
the AWS VPC):
• Traffic outbound from the web server (EC2 instance in the
AWS VPC):
You have successfully deployed the VM-Series firewall as a cloud gateway!
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS Use Case: Use Dynamic Address Groups to Secure New EC2 Instances within
the VPC
Use Case: Use Dynamic Address Groups to Secure New
EC2 Instances within the VPC
In a dynamic environment such as the AWS-VPC where you launch new EC2 instances on demand, the
administrative overhead in managing security policy can be cumbersome. Using Dynamic Address Groups in
security policy allows for agility and prevents disruption in services or gaps in protection.
In this example, we illustrate how you can monitor the VPC and use Dynamic Address Groups in security policy
to discover and secure EC2 instances. As you spin up EC2 instances, the Dynamic Address Group collates the
IP addresses of all instances that match the criteria defined for group membership, and then security policy is
applied for the group. The security policy in this example allows Internet access to all members of the group.
This workflow in the following section assumes that you have created the AWS VPC and deployed the
VM-Series firewall and some applications on EC2 instances. For instructions on setting up the VPC for the
VM-Series, see Use Case: Secure the EC2 Instances in the AWS Cloud.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
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Use Case: Use Dynamic Address Groups to Secure New EC2 Instances within the VPC
wall in AWS
Set Up the VM-Series Fire-
Use Dynamic Address Groups in Policy
Step 1
Configure the firewall to monitor the
VPC.
1.
Select Device > VM Information Sources.
2.
Click Add and enter the following information:
a. A Name to identify the VPC that you want to monitor. For
example, VPC-CloudDC.
b. Set the Type to AWS VPC.
c. In Source, enter the URI for the VPC. The syntax is
ec2.<your_region>.amazonaws.com
d. Add the credentials required for the firewall to digitally sign
API calls made to the AWS services. You need the following:
– Access Key ID: Enter the alphanumeric text string that
uniquely identifies the user who owns or is authorized to
access the AWS account.
– Secret Access Key: Enter the password and confirm your
entry.
e. (Optional) Modify the Update interval to a value between
5-600 seconds. By default, the firewall polls every 5 seconds.
The API calls are queued and retrieved within every 60
seconds, so updates may take up to 60 seconds plus the
configured polling interval.
f. Enter the VPC ID that is displayed on the VPC Dashboard in
the AWS management console.
g. Click OK, and Commit the changes.
h. Verify that the connection Status displays as
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connected
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS Use Case: Use Dynamic Address Groups to Secure New EC2 Instances within
the VPC
Use Dynamic Address Groups in Policy
Step 2
Tag the EC2 instances in the VPC.
A tag is a name-value pair. You can tag the EC2 instances either on
the EC2 Dashboard on the AWS management console or using the
AWS API or AWS CLI.
For a list of tags that the VM-Series
firewall can monitor, see List of Attributes
In this example, we use the EC2 Dashboard to add the tag:
Monitored on the AWS VPC.
Step 3
Create a dynamic address group on the
firewall.
View the tutorial to see a big
picture view of the feature.
3.
Select Object > Address Groups.
4.
Click Add and enter a Name and a Description for the address
group.
5.
Select Type as Dynamic.
6.
Define the match criteria.
a. Click Add Match Criteria, and select the And operator.
b. Select the attributes to filter for or match against. In this
example, we select the ExternalAccessAllowed tag that you
just created and the subnet ID for the private subnet of the
VPC.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
7.
Click OK.
8.
Click Commit.
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wall in AWS
Set Up the VM-Series Fire-
Use Dynamic Address Groups in Policy
Step 4
Use the dynamic address group in a
security policy.
To create a rule to allow Internet access to any web server that
belongs to the dynamic address group called ExternalServerAccess.
1. Select Policies > Security.
2.
Click Add and enter a Name for the rule and verify that the Rule
Type is universal.
3.
In the Source tab, add trust as the Source Zone.
4.
In the Source Address section of the Source tab, Add the
ExternalServerAccess group you just created.
5.
In the Destination tab, add untrust as the Destination Zone.
6.
In the Service/URL Category tab, verify that the service is set
to application-default.
7.
In the Actions tab, set the Action to Allow.
8.
In the Profile Settings section of the Actions tab, select Profiles
and then attach the default profiles for antivirus, anti-spyware,
and vulnerability protection.
9.
Click OK.
10. Click Commit.
Step 5
Verify that members of the dynamic
address group are populated on the
firewall.
1.
Select Policies > Security, and select the rule.
2.
Select the drop-down arrow next to the address group link, and
select Inspect. You can also verify that the match criteria is
accurate.
Policy will be enforced for all IP addresses
that belong to this address group, and are 3.
displayed here
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Click the more link and verify that the list of registered IP
addresses is displayed.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
List of Attributes Monitored on the AWS VPC
List of Attributes Monitored on the AWS VPC
The following attributes (or tag names) are available as match criteria for dynamic address groups.
Attribute
Format
Architecture
Architecture.<Architecture string>
Guest OS
GuestOS.<guest OS name>
Image ID
ImageId.<ImageId string>
Instance ID
InstanceId.<InstanceId string>
Instance State
InstanceState.<instance state>
Instance Type
InstanceType.<instance type>
Key Name
KeyName.<KeyName string>
Placement—Tenancy,
Group Name, Availability
Placement.Tenancy.<string>
Placement.GroupName.<string>
Placement.AvailabilityZone.<string>
Private DNS Name
PrivateDnsName.<Private DNS Name>
Public DNS Name
PublicDnsName.<Public DNS Name>
Subnet ID
SubnetID.<subnetID string>
Tag (key, value)
aws-tag.<key>.<value>
Maximum of 5 of these tags are supported per instance
VPC ID
VM-Series Deployment Guide
VpcId.<VpcId string>
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Use Case: VM-Series Firewalls as GlobalProtect Gateways in AWS
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Use Case: VM-Series Firewalls as GlobalProtect Gateways
in AWS
Securing mobile users from threats and risky applications is often a complex mix of procuring and setting up
the security and IT infrastructure, ensuring bandwidth and uptime requirements in multiple locations around
the globe, all while staying on budget.
The VM-Series firewall in AWS melds the security and IT logistics required to consistently and reliably protect
devices used by mobile users in regions where you do not have a presence. By deploying the VM-Series firewall
in the AWS cloud you can quickly and easily deploy GlobalProtect gateways in any region without the expense
or IT logistics that are typically required to set up this infrastructure using your own resources.
To minimize latency, select AWS regions that are closest to your users, deploy the VM-Series firewalls on EC2
instances and configure the firewalls as GlobalProtect gateways. With this solution, the GlobalProtect gateways
in the AWS cloud enforce security policy for Internet traffic, so there is no need to backhaul that traffic to the
corporate network. Additionally, for access to resources on the corporate network, the VM-Series firewalls in
AWS leverage the LSVPN functionality to establish IPSec tunnels back to the firewall on the corporate network.
For ease of deployment and centralized management of this distributed infrastructure, use Panorama to
configure the GlobalProtect components used in this solution. Optionally, to ensure that mobile devices—
smartphones and tablets—are safe for use on your network, use the Mobile Security Manager to configure and
manage mobile devices.
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Use Case: VM-Series Firewalls as GlobalProtect Gateways in AWS
Components of the GlobalProtect Infrastructure
To block risky applications and protect mobile users from malware, you must set up the GlobalProtect
infrastructure which includes the GlobalProtect portal, the GlobalProtect gateway, and the GlobalProtect app.
Additionally, for access to corporate resources you must set up an IPSec VPN connection between the
VM-Series firewalls in AWS and the firewall in the corporate headquarters using LSVPN (a hub and spoke VPN
deployment).

The GlobalProtect agent/app is installed on each end-user system that is used to access corporate
applications/resources. The agent first connects to the portal to obtain information on the gateways and
then establishes a secure VPN connection to the closest GlobalProtect gateway. The VPN connection
between the end-user system and the gateway ensures data privacy.

The GlobalProtect portal provides the management functions for the GlobalProtect infrastructure. Every
end-user system receives configuration information from the portal, including information about available
gateways as well as any client certificates that may be required to connect to the GlobalProtect gateway(s).
In this use case, the GlobalProtect portal is a hardware-based firewall that is deployed in the corporate
headquarters.

The GlobalProtect gateway delivers mobile threat prevention and policy enforcement based on applications,
users, content, device and device state. In this use case, the VM-Series firewalls in AWS function as the
GlobalProtect gateways. The GlobalProtect gateway scans each user request for malware and other threats,
and if policy allows, sends the request to the Internet or to the corporate network over the IPSec tunnel (to
the LSVPN gateway).

For LSVPN, you must configure the GlobalProtect portal, GlobalProtect gateway for LSVPN (hub), and
GlobalProtect Satellites (spokes).
In this use case, the hardware-based firewall in the corporate office is deployed as the GlobalProtect portal
and the LSVPN gateway. The VM-Series firewalls in AWS are configured to function as GlobalProtect
satellites. The GlobalProtect satellites and gateway are configured to establish an IPSec tunnel that
terminates on the gateway. When a mobile user requests an application or resource that resides on the
corporate network, the VM-Series firewall routes the request over the IPSec tunnel.
Deploy GlobalProtect Gateways in AWS
In order to secure mobile users, in addition to deploying and configuring the GlobalProtect gateways in AWS,
you need to set up the other components required for this integrated solution. The following table includes the
recommended workflow:
Deploy GlobalProtect in AWS
• Deploy the VM-Series firewall(s) in AWS.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
See Deploy the VM-Series Firewall in AWS.
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Use Case: VM-Series Firewalls as GlobalProtect Gateways in AWS
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall in AWS
Deploy GlobalProtect in AWS
• Configure the firewall at the corporate
headquarters.
• Configure the GlobalProtect portal.
• Configure the GlobalProtect portal for LSVPN.
In this use case, the firewall is configured as the
• Configure the portal to authenticate LSVPN satellites.
GlobalProtect portal and the LSVPN gateway.
• Configure the GlobalProtect gateway for LSVPN.
• Set up a template on Panorama for configuring • Create template(s) on Panorama.
the VM-Series firewalls in AWS as GlobalProtect
Then use the following links to define the configuration in the
gateways and LSVPN satellites.
templates.
To easily manage this distributed deployment, use • Configure the firewall as a GlobalProtect gateway.
Panorama to configure the firewalls in AWS.
• Prepare the satellite to join the LSVPN.
• Create device groups on Panorama to define the See Create device groups.
network access policies and Internet access rules
and apply them to the firewalls in AWS.
• Apply the templates and the device groups to the
VM-Series firewalls in AWS, and verify that the
firewalls are configured properly.
• Deploy the GlobalProtect client software.
Every end-user system requires the GlobalProtect agent or app to
connect to the GlobalProtect gateway.
See Deploy the GlobalProtect client software.
• (Optional) Set up the GlobalProtect Mobile
Security Manager.
See Set up the Mobile Security Manager.
The Mobile Security Manager allows you to
configure and manage mobile devices—
smartphones and tablets—for use with corporate
applications.
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VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) is an open-source virtualization module for servers running Linux
distributions. The VM-Series firewall can be deployed on a Linux server that is running the KVM hypervisor.
This guide assumes that you have an existing IT infrastructure that uses Linux and have the foundation for using
Linux/Linux tools. The instructions only pertain to deploying the VM-Series firewall on KVM.

VM-Series on KVM— Requirements and Prerequisites

Supported Deployments on KVM

Install the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
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VM-Series on KVM— Requirements and Prerequisites
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
VM-Series on KVM— Requirements and Prerequisites
System Requirements
Requirements
Description
Hardware Resources
• vCPU: 2, 4, 8
• Memory: 4 GB; 5 GB for the VM-1000-HV
• Disk: 40GB
• Disk types supported: Virtio and SCSI for best performance; IDE
• Disk-controllers: virtio, virt-scsi, IDE
• Intel-VT or the AMD-V chipset that support hardware assisted virtualization
Software Versions
• Ubuntu: 12.04 LTS
• CentOS/ RedHat Enterprise Linux: 6.5
• Open vSwitch: 1.9.3 with bridge compatibility mode
Network Interfaces—Network The VM-Series on KVM supports a total of 25 interfaces— 1 management interface
Interface Cards and Software and a maximum of 24 network interfaces for data traffic.
Bridges
VM-Series deployed on KVM supports software-based virtual switches such as the
Linux bridge or the Open vSwitch bridge, and direct connectivity to PCI passthrough
or an SR-IOV capable adapter.
• On the Linux bridge and OVS, the e1000 and virtio drivers are supported; the
default driver rtl8139 is not supported.
• For PCI passthrough/SR-IOV support, the VM-Series firewall has been tested for
the following network cards:
– Intel 82576 based 1G NIC: SR-IOV support on all supported Linux
distributions; PCI-passthrough support on all except Ubuntu 12.04 LTS.
– Intel 82599 based 10G NIC: SR-IOV support on all supported Linux
distributions; PCI-passthrough support on all except Ubuntu 12.04 LTS.
– Broadcom 57112 and 578xx based 10G NIC: SR-IOV support on all
supported Linux distributions; No PCI-passthrough support.
• Drivers: igb; ixgbe; bnx2x
• Drivers: igbvf; ixgbevf; bnx2x
SR-IOV capable interfaces assigned to the VM-Series firewall, must be
configured as Layer 3 interfaces or as HA interfaces.
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VM-Series on KVM— Requirements and Prerequisites
Options for Attaching the VM-Series on the Network

With a Linux bridge or OVS, data traffic uses the software bridge to connect guests on the same host. For
external connectivity, data traffic uses the physical interface to which the bridge is attached.

With PCI passthrough, data traffic is passed directly between the guest and the physical interface to which
it is attached. When the interface is attached to a guest, it is not available to the host or to other guests on
the host.

With SR-IOV, data traffic is passed directly between the guest and the virtual function to which it is attached.
Prerequisites
Before you install the VM-Series firewall on the Linux server, review the following sections:

Prepare the Linux Server

Prepare to Deploy the VM-Series Firewall
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VM-Series on KVM— Requirements and Prerequisites
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Prepare the Linux Server


Check the Linux distribution version. For a list of supported versions, see System Requirements.

If you want to use a SCSI disk controller to access the disk to which the VM-Series firewall stores data, you
must use virsh to attach the virtio-scsi controller to the VM-Series firewall. You can then edit the XML
template of the VM-Series firewall to enable the use of the virtio-scsi controller. For instructions, see
Enable the Use of a SCSI Controller.
Verify that you have installed and configured KVM tools and packages that are required for creating and
managing virtual machines, such as Libvirt.
KVM on Ubuntu 12.04 does not support the virtio-scsi controller.

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Verify that you have set up the networking infrastructure for steering traffic between the guests and the
VM-Series firewall and for connectivity to an external server or the Internet. The VM-Series firewall can
connect using a Linux bridge, the Open vSwitch, PCI passthrough, or SR-IOV capable network card.
–
Make sure that the link state for all interfaces you plan to use are up, sometimes you have to manually
bring them up.
–
Verify the PCI ID of all the interfaces. To view the list, use the command: Virsh nodedev-list
–tree
–
If using a Linux bridge or OVS, verify that you have set up the bridges required to send/receive traffic
to/from the firewall. If not, create bridge(s) and verify that they are up before you begin installing the
firewall.
–
If using PCI-passthrough or SR-IOV, verify that the virtualization extensions (VT-d/IOMMU) are
enabled in the BIOS. For example, to enable IOMMU, intel_iommu=on must be defined in
/etc/grub.conf. Refer to the documentation provided by your system vendor for instructions.
–
If using PCI-passthrough, ensure that the VM-Series firewall has exclusive access to the interface(s) that
you plan to attach to it.
To allow exclusive access, you must manually detach the interface(s) from the Linux server; Refer to the
documentation provided by your network card vendor for instructions.
To manually detach the interface(s) from the server., use the command:
Virsh nodedev-detach <pci id of interface>, for example,
pci_0000_07_10_0
In some cases, in /etc/libvirt/qemu.conf, you may have to uncomment
relaxed_acs_check = 1.
–
If using SR-IOV, verify that the virtual function capability is enabled for each port that you plan to use
on the network card. With SR-IOV, a single Ethernet port (physical function) can be split into multiple
virtual functions. A guest can be mapped to one or more virtual functions.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
VM-Series on KVM— Requirements and Prerequisites
To enable virtual functions, you need to:
1.Create a new file in this location: /etc/modprobe.d/
2. Modify the file using the vi editor to make the functions persistent: vim /etc/modprobe.d/igb.conf
3. Enable the number of number of virtual functions required: options igb max_vfs=4
After you save the changes and reboot the Linux server, each interface (or physical function) in this
example will have 4 virtual functions.
Refer to the documentation provided by your network vendor for details on the actual number of
virtual functions supported and for instructions to enable it.
Prepare to Deploy the VM-Series Firewall

Purchase the VM-Series model and register the authorization code on the Palo Alto Networks support
portal. See Create a Support Account and Register the VM-Series Firewall.

Obtain the qcow2 image and save it on the Linux server. As a best practice, copy the image to the folder:
/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/images
If you plan to deploy more than one instance of the VM-Series firewall, make the required number of copies
of the image. Because each instance of the VM-Series firewall maintains a link with the .qcow2 image that
was used to deploy the firewall, to prevent any data corruption issues ensure that each image is independent
and is used by a single instance of the firewall.
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Supported Deployments on KVM
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Supported Deployments on KVM
You can deploy a single instance of the VM-Series firewall per Linux host (single tenant) or multiple instances
of the VM-Series firewalls on a Linux host. The VM-Series firewall can be deployed with virtual wire, Layer 2,
or Layer 3 interfaces. If you plan on using SR-IOV capable interfaces on the VM-Series firewall, you can only
configure the interfaces as Layer 3 interfaces.

Secure Traffic on a Single Host

Secure Traffic Across Linux hosts
Secure Traffic on a Single Host
To secure east west traffic across guests on a Linux server, the VM-Series firewall can be deployed with virtual
wire, Layer 2, or Layer 3 interfaces. The illustration below shows the firewall with Layer 3 interfaces, where the
firewall and the other guests on the server are connected using Linux bridges. In this deployment, all traffic
between the web servers and the database servers is routed through the firewall; traffic across the database
servers only or across the web servers only is processed by the bridge and is not routed through the firewall.
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Supported Deployments on KVM
Secure Traffic Across Linux hosts
To secure your workloads, more than one instance of the VM-Series firewalls can be deployed on a Linux host.
If, for example, you want to isolate traffic for separate departments or customers, you can use VLAN tags
to logically isolate network traffic and route it to the appropriate VM-Series firewall. In the following example,
one Linux host hosts the VM-Series firewalls for two customers, Customer A and Customer B, and the workload
for Customer B is spread across two servers. In order to isolate traffic and direct it to the VM-Series firewall
configured for each customer, VLANs are used.
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Supported Deployments on KVM
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
In another variation of this deployment, a pair of VM-Series firewalls are deployed in a high availability set up.
The VM-Series firewalls in the following illustration are deployed on a Linux server with SR-IOV capable
adapters. With SR-IOV, a single Ethernet port (physical function) can be split into multiple virtual functions.
Each virtual function attached to the VM-Series firewall is configured as a Layer 3 interface. The active peer in
the HA pair secures traffic that is routed to it from guests that are deployed on a different Linux server.
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Install the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Install the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
The libvirt API that is used to manage KVM includes a host of tools that allow you to create and manage virtual
machines. To install the VM-Series firewall on KVM you can use any of the following methods:

Manually create the XML definition of the VM-Series firewall, then use virsh to import the definition. Virsh
is the most powerful tool that allows for full administration of the virtual machine.

Use virt-install to create the definition for the VM-Series firewall and install it.

Use the desktop user interface called virt-manager; virt-manager provides a convenient wizard to help you
through the installation process.
The following procedure uses virt-manager to install the VM-Series firewall on a server running KVM on
RHEL; the instructions for using virsh or virt-install are not included in this document.
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Install the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Install the VM-Series on KVM
Step 1
Install the VM-Series firewall.
1.
On the Virt-manager, select Create a new virtual machine.
2.
Add a descriptive Name for the VM-Series firewall.
3.
Select Import existing disk image, browse to the image, and set
the OS Type: Linux and Version: Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6.
If you prefer, you can leave the OS Type and Version as Generic.
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4.
Set the Memory to 4096 MB; or 5120 MB, if you have purchased
the VM-1000-HV license.
5.
Set CPU to 2, 4, or 8.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Install the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Install the VM-Series on KVM
VM-Series Deployment Guide
6.
Select Customize configuration before install.
7.
Under Advanced options, select the bridge for the management
interface, and accept the default settings.
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Install the VM-Series on KVM
8.
To modify disk settings:
a. Select Disk, expand Advanced options and select Storage
format — qcow2; Disk Bus—Virtio or IDE, based on your
set up.
If you want to use a SCSI disk bus, see Enable the Use
of a SCSI Controller.
b. Expand Performance options, and set Cache mode to
writethrough. This setting improves installation time and
execution speed on the VM-Series firewall.
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Install the VM-Series on KVM
9.
To add network adapters for the data interfaces:
a. Select Add Hardware > Network if you are using a software
bridge such as the Linux bridge or the Open vSwitch.
• For Host Device, enter the name of the bridge or select
it from the drop down list.
• To specify the driver, set Device Model to e-1000 or
virtio. These are the only supported virtual interface
types.
b. Select Add Hardware > PCI Host Device for
PCI-passthrough or an SR-IOV capable device.
• In the Host Device list, select the interface on the card
or the virtual function.
c. Click Apply or Finish.
10. Click Begin Installation
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Install the VM-Series on KVM
By default, the XML template for the
VM-Series firewall is created and stored at
etc/libvirt/qemu.
Step 2
11. Wait 5-7 minutes for the installation to complete.
Configure the network access settings for 1.
the management interface.
2.
3.
Open a connection to the console.
Log into the firewall with username/password: admin/admin.
Enter the following command:
set deviceconfig system ip-address
<Firewall-IP> netmask <netmask>
default-gateway <gateway-IP> dns-setting
servers primary <DNS-IP>
where <Firewall-IP> is the IP address you want to assign to the
management interface, <netmask> is the subnet mask,
<gateway-IP> is the IP address of the network gateway,
and<DNS-IP> is the IP address of the DNS server.
Step 3
Step 4
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Verify which ports on the host are
mapped to the interfaces on the
VM-Series firewall. In order to verify the
order of interfaces on the Linux host, see
Verify PCI-ID for Ordering of Network
Interfaces on the VM-Series Firewall.
Access the web interface of the
VM-Series firewall and configure the
interfaces and define security rules and
NAT rules to safely enable the
applications that you want to secure.
To make sure that traffic is handled by the correct interface, use the
following command to identify which ports on the host are mapped
to the ports on the VM-Series firewall.
[email protected]> debug show vm-series interfaces
all
Phoenix_interface Base-OS_port
Base-OS_MAC
PCI-ID
mgt
eth0
52:54:00:d7:91:52
0000:00:03.0
Ethernet1/1
eth1
52:54:00:fe:8c:80
0000:00:06.0
Ethernet1/2
eth2
0e:c6:6b:b4:72:06
0000:00:07.0
Ethernet1/3
eth3
06:1b:a5:7e:a5:78
0000:00:08.0
Ethernet1/4
eth4
26:a9:26:54:27:a1
0000:00:09.0
Ethernet1/5
eth5
52:54:00:f4:62:13
0000:00:10.0
Refer to the PAN-OS Administrator’s Guide.
VM-Series Deployment Guide
Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Install the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Enable the Use of a SCSI Controller
If you want the VM-Series firewall to use the disk bus type SCSI to access the virtual disk, use the following
instructions to attach the virtio scsi controller to the firewall and then enable the use of the virtio-scsi controller.
KVM on Ubuntu 12.04 does not support the virtio-scsi controller; the virtio-scsi controller can only
be enabled on the VM-Series firewall running on RHEL or CentOS.
This process requires virsh because Virt manager does not support the virtio-scsi controller.
Enable the VM-Series Firewall to use a SCSI Controller
1.
Create an XML file for the SCSI controller. In this example, it is called virt-scsi.xml.
[[email protected] ~]# cat /root/virt-scsi.xml
<controller type='scsi' index='0' model='virtio-scsi'>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x0b'function='0x0'/>
</controller>
Make sure that the slot used for the virtio-scsi controller does not conflict with another device.
2.
Associate this controller with the XML template of the VM-Series firewall.
[[email protected] ~]# virsh attach-device --config <VM-Series_name>
/root/virt-scsi.xml
Device attached successfully
3.
Enable the firewall to use the SCSI controller.
[[email protected] ~]# virsh attach-disk
<VM-Series_name>/var/lib/libvirt/images/PA-VM-6.1.0-c73.qcow2 sda --cache
none --persistent
Disk attached successfully
4.
Edit the XML template of the VM-Series firewall. In the XML template, you must change the target disk and the
disk bus, used by the firewall.
By default, the XML template is stored at etc/libvirt/qemu.
<disk type='file' device='disk'>
<driver name='qemu' type='qcow2' cache='writeback'/>
<source file='/var/lib/libvirt/images/PA-VM-6.1.0-c73.qcow2'/>
<target dev='sda' bus='scsi'/>
<address type='drive' controller='0' bus='0' target='0' unit='0'/>
</disk>
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Set Up the VM-Series Firewall on KVM
Verify PCI-ID for Ordering of Network Interfaces on the VM-Series Firewall
Regardless of whether you use a virtual interfaces (Linux/OVS bridge) or PCI devices (PCI-passthrough or
SR-IOV capable adapter) for connectivity to the VM-Series firewall, the VM-Series firewall treats the interface
as a PCI device. The assignment of an interface on the VM-Series firewall is based on PCI-ID which is a value
that combines the bus, device or slot, and function of the interface. The interfaces are ordered starting at the
lowest PCI-ID, which means that the management interface (eth0) of the firewall is assigned to the interface
with the lowest PCI-ID.
Let's say you assign four interfaces to the VM-Series firewall, three virtual interfaces of type virtio and e1000
and the fourth is a PCI device. To view the PCI-ID for each interface, enter the command virsh dumpxml
$domain <name of the VM-Series firewall> on the Linux host to view the list of interfaces
attached to the VM-Series firewall. In the output, check for the following networking configuration:
<interface type='bridge'>
<mac address='52:54:00:d7:91:52'/>
<source bridge='mgmt-br'/>
<model type='virtio'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x03'
function='0x0'/>
</interface>
<interface type='bridge'>
<mac address='52:54:00:f4:62:13'/>
<source bridge='br8'/>
<model type='e1000'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x10'
function='0x0'/>
</interface>
<interface type='bridge'>
<mac address='52:54:00:fe:8c:80'/>
<source bridge='br8'/>
<model type='e1000'/>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x06'
function='0x0'/>
</interface>
<hostdev mode='subsystem' type='pci' managed='yes'>
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<source>
<address domain='0x0000' bus='0x08' slot='0x10' function='0x1'/>
</source>
<address type='pci' domain='0x0000' bus='0x00' slot='0x07'
function='0x0'/>
</hostdev>
In this case, the PCI-ID of each interface is as follows:

First virtual interface PCI-ID is 00:03:00

Second virtual interface PCI-ID is 00:10:00

Third virtual interface PCI-ID is 00:06:00

Fourth interface PCI-ID is 00:07:00
Therefore, on the VM-Series firewall, the interface with PCI-ID of 00:03:00 is assigned as eth0 (management
interface), the interface with PCI-ID 00:06:00 is assigned as eth1 (ethernet1/1), the interface with PCI-ID
00:07:00 is eth2 (ethernet1/2) and the interface with PCI-ID 00:10:00 is eth3 (ethernet1/3).
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