mdt awarded in italy laurie anderson on art and freedom Macau Daily Times was one of six international publications awarded the prize “Premio Reporter Del Gusto 2014” (Tasting Reporter) “I am an artist because I want to be free,” said acclaimed performer Laurie Anderson, who gave a concert in Macau last Saturday P2 low expectations as china considers legal reforms P5 P10 FEATURE MON. 20 Oct 2014 T. 24º/ 28º C H. 60/ 90% N.º 2173 Blackberry email service powered by CTM MOP 5.00 HKD 7.50 FOUNDER & PUBLISHER Kowie Geldenhuys EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Paulo Coutinho “ THE TIMES THEY ARE A-CHANGIN’ ” WORLD BRIEFS CHINA A bear in central China has bitten off the arm of a 9-year-old boy who tried to feed it through its cage, state media and a doctor said yesterday. Media reports said the attack happened Saturday afternoon at Pingdingshan Hebin Park in Henan province, which has a zoo inside. The boy managed to push his arm through the bear’s cage to feed it when the bear bit him. He lost his entire right arm, which had to be amputated. CHINA A court on Friday jailed two journalists accused of taking bribes and smearing an engineering company with fabricated articles, one of a series of recent scandals surrounding the statecontrolled media. The Yuelu District Court in the central city of Changsha sentenced Chen Yongzhou to one year and 10 months in jail and fined 20,000 yuan (USD3,300) for what it said were false reports accusing construction equipment manufacturer Zoomlion of announcing phony financial information. The co-writer of the articles, Zhuo Zhiqiang, was sentenced to 10 months and fined 10,000 yuan ($1,600). Mass moves margins, says Tracy I n an exclusive interview with Macau Daily Times, Edward Tracy, president and CEO of Sands China, explains how the company was able to produce such an impressive Q3 result, as announced last Thursday by parent company Las Vegas Sands. It’s all about focusing on the Ebitda margin, and SCL’s dedication to serving the mass market, he says. P3 INDONESIA’s defeated presidential candidate meets president-elect Jokowi Widodo for the first time since the bitterly contested polls in July, in a sign that political tensions in the Southeast Asian nation might be thawing. More on backpage 3 days to go Harvard-linked hospital planning to open medical center in Hengqin P8 With articles republished from Economic data fail to credit HK’s role as a gateway for F1 China 2 MACAU TIS opens new field, possible public access in future The International School of Macau (TIS) unveiled its new field on Saturday, coinciding with the school’s Community Day where school staff, students, and families gathered for a day of activities. The renovation of the field took place over the summer, with its overall size increasing by 40 percent, to more than 8,000 square meters. The current size of the field will allow three small soccer pitches to be placed there sideby-side. “Not only will we have additional green space for our school’s academic classes, extra curricular activities and sports teams, but we will also be opening up the field to members of the Macau community,” said Head of School Howard Stribbell. He added that they are in the process of developing guidelines for community use, and will begin accepting reservations in November. HK rugby club visits Macau A friendly match took place on Saturday between the Macau U12 team and the Sandy Bay team, Hong Kong’s third biggest rugby club. The 40 minute game at the Macau Stadium in Taipa and ended in a draw. Macau Bats Rugby president Simon Carrington said that the match proved a great start to the rugby season. Despite missing two of its strongest players, the Macau team put in a solid performance. Mr Carrington revealed that the U12 team now has nowhere suitable to play for three weeks, as new grass is being laid at the usual venue. They will therefore enter the Hong Kong U12 league “at a big disadvantage.” “Nevertheless, what we lack in local facilities, we make up for in team spirit,” he emphasized. 20.10.2014 mon th Anniversary 澳聞 M ACAU Daily Times was one of six international publications awarded the prize “Premio Reporter Del Gusto 2014” (Tasting Reporter), along with five Italian media outlets. The award ceremony took place last week at the three-starred Ristorante da Vittorio at Brusaporto, Bergamo, and was presided by Mr Francesco Pizzagalli, President of the IVSI – Instituto Valorizzazione Samuli Italiano, a non-profit organization created by “salumi” companies from the Emiglio-Romagna Region to promote the famous Italian cured meat. MDT was awarded the “Excellence in Trade Editorial Award” for having “highlighted the market prospects of the Italian food products in Macau (…) and the potential interest of Chinese entrepreneurs,” said the organizers in a press release. Titled “Italian Trade Commission promotes salami in town” the article was published on November 21, 2013. Macau Daily Times editor-in-chief, Paulo Coutinho attended the ceremony. The other awardees REPORTER DEL GUSTO Macau Daily Times report awarded in Italy Mr Francesco Pizzaggalli (left) presided over the Premio Reporter Del Gusto 2014 award ceremony in the Hong Kong and Macau category were Mark Hammons (Tasting Kitchen), Li Hui (Phoenix TV), Grace Yan Yan Pang (Oriental Daily) and Yin Wa Chan (U Magazine). A Spe- cial Prize went to British newspaper The Sun for “Excellence in Feature Editorial”. This was the 9th edition of Premio Reporter Del Gusto, an initiative that started in 2004 under the auspices of IVSI with the support of the Minister of Agriculture of Italy. Dozens of journalists and media outlets from Italy, other European countries, the USA, Japan and Korea were awarded in the past. MDT is the first Macau publication to be distinguished by the Italian institute. Around 100 people from the salumi and media industries attended the event, including a gala dinner masterly prepared by Italian star-chefs Kiko Cerea and Bobo Cerea. Clube Militar hosts gastronomy and wine Festival C LUBE Militar is hosting a Festival of Portuguese Gastronomy and Wines led by chef José Júlio Vintém and his assistant Francisco Pires. The festival kicked off last Saturday and will run until October 27. The gastronomy festival is a club tradition that was first launched in 1999, according to a press release. Over the years, organizers have brought famous Portuguese chefs to town, namely Vítor Sobral, Joaquim Figueiredo, Marco Gomes, Manuel Gonçalves, Fausto Airoldi, Justa Nobre and last year’s Henrique Sá Pessoa. José Júlio Vintém is a famous chef specializing in the gastronomy of the Alentejo region. He will be working to provide a buffet featuring over 50 different Portuguese wines, including white, red, rosé, and Muscat wines, as well as Ports and sparkling varieties. Clube Militar hopes to promote Portuguese cuisine and its traditional flavors throughout the event. In addition, they will provide the restaurant staff with refreshment training led by a renowned chef. Chef José Júlio Vintém was born in Por- talegre, and graduated in Tourism and Hydrotherapy. He gained fame after opening a restaurant focusing on traditional gastronomy from Alentejo in the South of Portugal. He won the “Best Restaurant of 2007” award, launched by a wine magazine. He is an active member of the “slow food” movement, which is being promoted as an alternative to fast food. “His cuisine is characterized by pure flavors, using simple techniques, where texture, aroma and flavors are enhanced to the fullest,” Clube Militar said in a press release. CP Ho Iat Seng calls for progressive AL reform T HE Legislative Assembly (AL) president Ho Iat Seng said that while it is impossible to have full and immediate universal suffrage embedded in the legislature, he does not oppose increasing the proportion of directly and indirectly elected seats. “I would not rule out the idea that it is the best to have all seats directly elected. However, judging from the current situation where we have a certain amount of appointed seats in the AL, we cannot immediately have full universal www.macaudailytimes.com.mo MDT’s Website has logged over 81 million page views since January 1st, 2012 up to today. Thank You! Like us? facebook.com/mdtimes suffrage. (…)I do not object to the increase in the proportion of indirectly [and directly] elected seats,” he said. The Chief Executive appointed seven of the 33 seats in the current AL. 14 were directly elected and 22 indirectly elected. The president also commented on some lawmakers’ criticism of the AL Rules and Regulations, which prevents them from enquiring about the same issue more than once in a legislative session. He said that allowing lawmakers to enquire about a particular issue more than once is a waste of resources. He therefore recommended AL members consider their enquiries so that they can generate more profound questions regarding the issue. “For the lawmakers, they should discipline themselves. You cannot raise the same issue multiple times. This is not a good thing. This will waste a lot of AL resources. I hope that they can [consider an issue] from different perspectives so that, for example, if [a lawmaker] en- DIRECTOR AND EDITOR-IN-CHIEF_Paulo Coutinho [email protected] MANAGING EDITOR_Paulo Barbosa [email protected] CONTRIBUTING EDITORS_Eric Sautedé, Leanda Lee, Severo Portela CHINA & FOREIGN EDITOR_Vanessa Moore [email protected] DESIGN EDITOR_João Jorge Magalhães [email protected] | NEWSROOM AND CONTRIBUTORS_Albano Martins, António Espadinha Soares, Catarina Pinto, Cyril Law, Emilie Tran, Grace Yu, Irene Sam, Jacky I.F. Cheong, Jenny Philips, João Pedro Lau, Joseph Cheung, Juliet Risdon, Keith Ip, Renato Marques (photographer), Richard Whitfield, Robert Carroll (Hong Kong correspondent), Rodrigo de Matos (cartoonist), Ruan Du Toit Bester, Sandra Norte (designer), Sum Choi, Viviana Seguí | ASSOCIATE CONTRIBUTORS_JML Property, MacauHR, MdME Lawyers, PokerStars | NEWS AGENCIES_ Associated Press, Bloomberg, Lusa News Agency, MacauHub, MacauNews, Xinhua | SECRETARY_Yang Dongxiao [email protected] Ho Iat Seng quired about an issue and the government failed to reply properly, they can approach [the issue] from another perspective and come up with a more thoughtful question,” he said. JPL A MACAU TIMES PUBLICATIONS LTD PUBLICATION ADMINISTRATOR AND CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER Kowie Geldenhuys [email protected] SECRETARY Juliana Cheang [email protected] ADDRESS Av. da Praia Grande, 599, Edif. Comercial Rodrigues, 12 Floor C, MACAU SAR Telephones: +853 287 160 81/2 Fax: +853 287 160 84 Advertisement [email protected] For subscription and general issues: [email protected] | Printed at Welfare Printing Ltd send newsworthy information and press releases to: [email protected] website: www.macaudailytimes.com.mo ISSN 2305-4271 mon 20.10.2014 th Anniversary 澳聞 MACAU 3 Mass moves margins, says Tracy right tools to succeed – then you will not be able to achieve that third thing, which is satisfying the profit objective,” he says. “We spend a lot of time trying to define that, and then to communicate that down to the frontline employees.” This focus on the mass market is not always understood for its intricacy, and so Tracy takes time to define the segments within the mass market that he asks his Anthony Lawrance Special to MDT E DWARD Tracy, president and CEO of Sands China Ltd, has just delivered results for the third quarter (Q3) that show Macau’s biggest and most profitable company generating Ebitda of USD809m over the past three months. The result has come as a surprise for many analysts, as profit margins, at 35%, held up remarkably well amid a downturn in revenues since the previous quarter. To Tracy, however, there is nothing surprising about the result. As he explains it, this business is all about focus: on the model, and on the people. Take care of the customers in the way they expect, give your staff the tools they need to achieve that, and the profitability follows. It is more technical than that, of course, and so the CEO elaborates. “Margin management has two basic components,” he explains, “managing revenue mix and managing expenses.” Given the transition that the market is going through, Tracy says, his management team has been making adjustments in both areas simultaneously. “We have been able to prepare for this change, and adjust our expenses accordingly, balancing them against the revenues that matter most,” he says, citing the practical example of how the company has been moving staff from VIP into the mass and premium mass segments, where margins are better. “It is harder, of course, to identify expenses that are not part of our permanent cost structure and eliminate those in order to gain greater efficiencies,” Tracy continues. “But we started this process around 90 days ago and have been making good progress as a result. So the impact is being felt now and the margins are not deteriorating.” What makes the company different than others, in being able to manage this change? Tracy is modest, but clear-sighted. “Our business model is slightly different than some of the other operators around town in that we are focused on mass,” he says. “We will continue to do the things that we have in the past, promoting entertainment, hotels, F&B, and retail, aimed right at those customers.” That said, it is clear that Tracy has had to face up to challenges in doing this. “In The beauty of this business model is that it is so diversified, we are able to cater to such a wide range of tastes and spending brackets EDWARD TRACY order to make these kind of transitions when the market shifts, you have to not kid yourself about whether you are, or are not, supplying all the things those customers want,” he says. “So we are not doing this without scrutiny. But we feel that, looking five years out, this is still where we want to be – aiming for that rising middle class in China. “The beauty of this business model is that it is so diversi- fied, we are able to cater to such a wide range of tastes and spending brackets. Look at what we do with retail, for instance – it contributes US$2bn a year of revenue and around US$300m of Ebitda. This is important to our margin mix. “Frankly, the way we feel about margin is that it is the ultimate measurement of our efficiency. The best thing we can do as a management team is to drive as many dollars as possible to the Ebitda line. Stock price and shareholder return on capital is all based on that, and that is what we try to focus on.” At this, Tracy takes a pause, and extrapolates. “Obviously, if you are not doing the two most important things right first – providing your customers with the ultimate experiences and providing your team members with the teams to concentrate on. “We like to talk about four distinct segments,” he says. “There is super premium mass, which is high level players who do not go through junkets and do not require credit. Premium mass players, meanwhile, are above-average players who have average daily theoreticals above US$5,000. And then we have the middle mass and what we like to call the ‘mass mass’, or the grind mass. These last two have numbers far in excess of the others. They are the deepest and widest part of the revenue pyramid. “In order to service these people appropriately, you need a lot of capacity and a lot of content – all those things we do on a daily basis to entertain and engage our customers: shopping, dining, gaming, leisure, etc., all the elements of a great integrated resort experience. “It is important to us that we deliver an experience across all of these categories, but also that we go deep into each, and cater to customers at every price point. We are going to continue to do that. When the Parisian opens up it will be a very differentiated product – again – and we are looking forward to introducing a new experience to the market.” MDT/Macau Inc. exclusive 4 MACAU 20.10.2014 mon th Anniversary 澳聞 Flat turns into illegal inn twice The proprietor of an apartment told the police that her apartment in the third tower of Edificio Hung On Torre in ZAPE has again been turned into an illegal inn, despite being sealed for seven months by the Macau Government Tourist Office (MGTO). The female proprietor said that after having her property unsealed, she commissioned a property agent to help her to lease the apartment. She also specifically asked the agent to enquire about the leaser’s background before renting it out. However, when the property owner received the leaser’s identity document she found that it was actually the same person who had previously used her house as an illegal inn. Cheong U injured in Citizens Games The Secretary for Social Affairs and Culture, Cheong U, tripped when racing against lawmakers and celebrities in a 4x100 relay game in the 1st Citizen Games on Saturday. He immediately got up and finished the race before receiving medical attention at the venue. When speaking to reporters later, he attributed the accident to the lack of practice. “I should take the lead and exercise more so that I will do better next time,” he said. His left wrist and right knee were reportedly injured. The Secretary went to the Conde de São Januário Central Hospital (CHCSJ) for a medical checkup later that night before returning home. ad TDM FORUM Opinions divided over property security licensing João Pedro Lau A T yesterday’s TDM Forum, government officials, industry representatives and residents voiced conflicting opinions regarding the licensing for security guards working for property management companies. The Housing Bureau (IH) acting president Ieong Kam Wa and a number of residents believe that now is not a suitable time to set up an accreditation scheme for property security guards. Others, including the Property Management Business Association Macau (PMBA) president Chui Ming Man, argue that licensing is necessary in order to implement better services for proprietors. Currently, the local government is consulting the public over legislation regulating the property management business. So far, it has received around 60 written opinions. The consultation period ends on November 9. One of the ideas proposed in the consultation document was for every stipulated property management company to hire at least one governmentaccredited technical supervisor. They will be responsible for giving instructions regarding the day-to-day operation of a property management company. Nevertheless, the document failed to mention the accreditation of security guards. Chui Ming Man said that the property management industry is inclined to establish a licensing scheme for property security guards, in order to protect their interests. “If it is only the technical supervisor who needs to be accredited, it is possible that the professionalism cannot be brought to the [rank-and-file security guards],” Mr Chui said. IH acting president Ieong Kam Wa responded that the administration did not propose the licensing of property security guards because of the relatively advanced age of local guards. Their work, he added, does not require highly professional skills. “There are two aspects that we have to look at. First, according to a survey we have done previously, there are almost 5,000 people who are in the property management industry. Their average age is relatively high. And they have a relatively low professional knowledge, while the industry does not require them to have very high professional skills. [The government policy on property security guards] is mainly to provide assistance rather than licensing,” he said. Ieong Kam Wa added that with constrained resources, the government should focus on regulating technical supervisors, whom he argues are playing the most crucial role in property management services. Like the division between the government and industry representatives, residents who attended the forum were divided on the topic of property security guard accreditation. Pro-licensing residents were mainly disgruntled with the performance of the security guards in their buildings, accusing them of sleeping through their shifts. They were reportedly impolite towards residents, and took other parttime jobs, such as washing cars, during their supposed working hours. Those who oppose licensing were concerned with the employment opportunities of the elderly population, worrying that they would be unable to keep their jobs if accreditation is required. They think that it is difficult for old people to pick up new skills in order to meet potential licensing criteria. One of the residents also proposed that, any future licensing scheme for property security staff should be divided into different levels. Ieong Kam Wa later spoke to the media on the sidelines. The IH acting president believes that the legislation on property management regulations can be handed to the Legislative Assembly in 2016. mon 20.10.2014 th Anniversary 澳聞 MACAU 5 LAURIE ANDERSON IN MACAU Giving people a sense of freedom Catarina Pinto asked about her peculiar voice, she said: “most of my brothers and sisters sound most like me. I use filters (…) changing the voice is thrilling to me, [it’s like] you become a different person (...)” She said her life improved significantly five years ago, after she decided not to ever read or hear anything about her work. “And I haven’t. I have no idea what people say. I just realized it never really helped me. If it was a good review I would feel I’d need to do well in the next one (…) it was always discouraging no matter what,” she recalled. Performing in Macau for the first time, her first impressions of the city were mostly about Macau’s buildings and narrow streets. While remarking that as a visitor, she often has little time to see attractions, Laurie Anderson was impressed by the imaginative shapes of Macau’s buildings. “The very first thing you see is the incredible shapes of the buildings, it’s a museum of skyscrapers.” Laurie Anderson, widow of recently deceased musician Lou Reed, performed on Saturday at Mount Fortress, under the lighting design of Brian Scott - a show included in Macau’s 28th International Music Festival program. A MERICAN performing artist Laurie Anderson hopes that her art will give people a sense of freedom. “I am an artist because I want to be free,” she said in an open discussion held a day ahead of her show last Saturday. In “The Language of the Future,” her performance in Macau’s 28th International Music Festival, the artist drew on the idea of the impact of time and memory on reality. “It’s a work about how to describe time (…) stories about time, perception and memory. The future, not as science fiction, but as the future tense of the language, [about] our expectations. Expectations and regrets, and the flaws of history, are some of the themes,” Anderson told reporters after the open discussion. She likened it to “a collection of stories.” It is a show in which she’s the DJ, and where a lot of sounds come out, almost like a film soundtrack, she said, with occasional improvisations: “very cinematic” and “quite wordy,” with a lot of subtitles. “I really enjoyed creating these images with words,” she said. The Guardian describes Anderson, 67, as a “performer, composer, artist and all-round superstar of New York’s downtown avant-garde.” As an artist, she has always remained faithful to the experimental camp, sometimes spending up to years creating multimedia performances, featuring songs about themes as varied as democracy, nuclear weapons, or even a simple post office. But where did this interest in electronics, for instance, first arise? Anderson lived in a Manhattan street, she recalled, that was filled with old electronics. She loved to look through I am an artist because I want to be free LAURIE ANDERSON all the stuff and see how she could make things work. “You do a lot of things because you’re close to that stuff,” she recognized. Anderson says she loves doing physical things, and thin- gs with her hands. “I like electronics because it was available, it’s fast and energetic.” Her attraction to electronics was all about speed. Anderson was born in the American Midwest in 1947 and moved to New York in the late 1960s. She’s known for incorporating multimedia in her art. She plays the violin and the keyboards. She sings as well, always experimenting and creating different voices. In the open discussion last Friday, supporting occupy central ALTHOUGH ARTIST Laurie Anderson says that back in the United States, recent Ebola cases have eclipsed the ongoing incidents in Hong Kong, she confirmed ahead of her show last Friday her awareness of the movement and supports Hong Kong’s call for democracy. “Anytime students are questioning things, and demanding their freedom to know things, it’s a great and won- derful situation,” she emphasised. Recalling that she was also once a student radical, the artist said she appreciated the desire among youths to challenge existing political conditions and to engage politically. According to the Guardian, she supported the Occupy Wall Street movement against social and economic inequality back in 2011 and credited it with giving her work a new impetus. ad 6 ADVERTISEMENT 20.10.2014 mon th Anniversary 廣告 mon 20.10.2014 th Anniversary 澳聞 RENATO MARQUES DSAT: No final decision yet on yellow taxis Catarina Pinto M ACAU’S Transport Bureau (DSAT) has not yet revealed if it will renew licenses granted to Vang Iek Radio Taxis, the company currently operating under the more commonly known name of “Yellow Taxis.” In a reply via email to the Times, DSAT said it is currently in close talks with “Vang Iek” to find ways to improve service quality. The 100 licenses for special taxis are due to expire on November 6. “The government understands there is a public demand for radio taxis which provide service solely to call-in clients. Therefore, it is carrying out a final assess- ment about the operation and public demand for this type of taxi,” DSAT said. Stressing that the Macau government is handling the matter “in a practical and realistic manner,” DSAT added that it has not yet reached a final decision on whether to renew Vang Iek’s licenses or not. “The government will try its best to give an explanation of the situation in the shortest possible time,” it stated. DSAT recalled that 200 new black taxi licenses, which will be in operation by the end of this year, “will work as a supplement” for the existing taxi service. Furthermore, the Transport Bureau said it is still analyzing opinions, which were collected through a public consultation on the revision of current legislation regulating taxi services. The revision of the law, they said, will adjust and define the policies behind special taxi licenses, simultaneously improving their licensing scheme in order to better respond to public demand. Last February, the government extended Vang Iek’s license for nine more months, stipulating specific rules and new conditions. These included the fact that the company could only run 40 taxis operating normally, and that they could only take passengers within Macau’s streets. However, sixty percent of these taxis would have to operate on an oncall basis, meaning that they are not allowed to take passengers who attempt to hail them. Citizens have nonetheless complained of difficulties in requesting a yellow taxi via their call center. Global Tourism Forum kicks off on Oct 27 M ACAU will once again host the Global Tourism Economy Forum (GTEF) this year, which will take place between October 27 and 29 at The Venetian. This year, around 1,000 representatives from different countries will attend the event. The theme of GTEF 2014 is “Maritime Silk Road – From Macau We Begin.” In a press conference on Friday, the Forum’s organizing committee revealed the agenda and the guest list. “The aim of this Forum is to bring experts from other countries to Macau, so they can all be here with us and analyze the global tourism issue, as well as how Macau can develop in that area. Also, because Macau’s infrastructure has improved over the last few years, we can raise the quality of our tourism sector,” said Pansy Ho, vice chairperson and secretary-general of GTEF, during the press conference. Macau Government Tourist Office (MGTO) director Helena de Senna Fernandes also pointed out the importance of tourism to Macau’s economic development. “Of course we’ve dealt with several challenges and we hope that Macau, as a platform, can participate in even more international meetings so that we [are] well prepared and have a vision,” she said. During the Forum this year, the first annual report on tourism trends in Asia will also be released. It is also the first time that countries and cities like Kazakhstan, Cambodia, Dubai, United Emirates, Sri Lanka, Malaysia and Greece will be represented. Pansy Ho: MGM considering non-gaming projects W Pansy Ho HEN asked about the recent downturn in gaming revenue, Pansy Ho, co-chairperson of MGM China, commented on the sidelines of the GTEF press conference that the local gaming industry is stabilizing, allowing casino operators to make predictions regarding future development. She stated that she was “not concerned adversely” about the recent gaming revenue results. Instead, she believes that it is a “good moment” for long termbusiness planning. She also believes that gaming concessionaires will pay more attention to developing non-gaming projects and attractions in future. MACAU 7 One dead and four injured in Delta Bridge accident An industrial accident took place at a construction site for the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macau Bridge (Delta Bridge) in Chek Lap Kok, Hong Kong. It led to the death of a worker and four injuries. The accident happened in the early hours of yesterday morning. A number of Hong Kong media organisations reported that five workers at a 15-meter high pier were operating a crane machine to lift construction materials. The pier collapsed and two workers fell to the ground. One of them, a 43-year-old, died after being rushed to hospital. Among the four injured, three of them are still in hospital, with one in critical condition. They mainly suffered injuries to their feet, backs, and waists. After preliminary investigations, the authorities did not find the incident suspicious. Asian Paralympics open in Incheon The South Korean city of Incheon has again received athletes from across Asia for the 2014 Asian Paralympic Games, following the finishing of the 2014 Asian Games. The opening ceremony, which will run from October 18 to 25, took place on Saturday night in the Munhak Stadium. Around 2,500 athletes will compete in 23 sports throughout the seven-day event. Athletes from Macau yesterday faced their opponents in badminton, swimming, table tennis, track and field, boccia, and wheelchair fencing. Slump in takings from VIP baccarat Revenue from ‘VIP’ gambling in Macau’s casinos in the third quarter of the year was down 28 percent on the first quarter, resulting in a drop in their overall revenues between the two periods. Official figures on the website of the gambling inspectorate show that in the third quarter the casinos had 46.771 billion patacas in revenue from VIP baccarat - card games on tables accessible only to selected customers - against 65.062 billion patacas in the first quarter. Baccarat on openaccess tables, by comparison, was down just 2.65% in the third quarter compared to the first, at 27,736 billion patacas. Overall revenue in the territory’s casinos in the third quarter - excluding betting on football, basketball, horse-racing and Chinese lotteries - was 82.855 billion patacas, down 19% from 102.199 billion patacas in the first quarter. 8 BUSINESS 20.10.2014 mon th Anniversary 分析 Harvard-linked hospital planning to open medical center in Hengqin Don’t bet against LVMH in China slowdown, chairman Arnault says The building, which has a working name of MGH Hospital China, would be located in a ‘special economic development zone’ on the island of Hengqin L neral said in the letter. “When the opportunity arose to explore a relationship with Chinese partners to jointly create a tertiary medical center in the rapidly growing Pearl River Delta region, where the cities of Hong Kong, Macau and Guangzhou are located, we felt it would be appropriate to look into the possibility more deeply,” the hospital executives said in the letter posted Friday. Massachusetts General would operate the hospital with Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, a local health-care provider. The building, which has a working name of MGH Hospital China, would be located in a “special economic development zone” on Hengqin island. The center would provide clinical care and support research and medical training programs. “These discussions are preliminary, and no final decision is expected until next summer at the earliest,” the executives said in the letter. Massachusetts General officials didn’t immediately respond to requests for comment. Speculation that a Harvard-linked hospital has been preparing to open a branch in the country has swirled since December, when real estate billionaire Hui Ka Yan’s Evergrande Real Estate Group Ltd. said it had signed an agreement with a Harvard hospital to build in China. Officials at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston said in February that they were considering such an agreement, and later dropped the idea. A press release about the Massachusetts General plan was distributed in China last week and has led to coverage in the media there, according to the letter. Brigham and Women’s and Massachusetts General are both members of Partners HealthCare system in Boston, which is separate from Harvard with its own board of directors. Bloomberg VMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton SA, the world’s largest luxury-goods maker, is confident it can adapt to deteriorating market conditions, particularly in China, according to billionaire Chairman Bernard Arnault. “The group has always been at its best economically during tough times,” Arnault said yesterday in an interview with Bloomberg Television at a preview of the new Fondation Louis Vuitton contemporary art museum in Paris. “We are ready.” LVMH last week reported slowing growth in Asia as Chinese shoppers curbed spending on Vuitton handbags and Hennessy cognac. Fewer tourists are shopping in Hong Kong because of pro-democracy protests, while a government crackdown on lavish spending has weakened consumption in China, leading Bain & Co. to predict global sales of personal luxury goods will rise this year at the slowest pace since 2009. “We have to adapt” to the slowdown in Asia, Arnault said. “Our goal is to be number one in 20 years from now, as we are today. So we have time.” LVMH’s “economic success is based on creativity,” Arnault said. “Since the beginning, I thought it was important to give back to the world, to the public, to the customers, to the shareholders, to the employees of the group, part of what they brought to us.” Bloomberg BLOOMBERG M ASSACHUSETTS General Hospital, a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School, has agreed with potential partners in China to explore a joint venture to build and run a hospital in the country. The Boston hospital has been engaged in talks with Chinese healthcare groups and investors for the past year and signed an agreement last week to continue “the planning and due diligence necessary to determine whether to commit to this effort,” according to an internal letter obtained by Bloomberg News. U.S. hospitals and medical schools have begun eyeing China as its economy has developed and demand for health care increases. Government reforms have opened the country to international trade and privatization, and China is making “significant investments” in the health industry, Massachusetts Ge- BLOOMBERG Caroline Connan and Andrew Roberts John Lauerman A shopper enters a Louis Vuitton in Hong Kong corporate bits field primed for venetian macau open this week The Venetian Macau Open will boast one of its strongest ever fields with seven Asian Tour Order of Merit champions, led by reigning number one Kiradech Aphibarnrat, and 18 of the top20 ranked players headlining the event alongside marquee names Ernie Els and Miguel Angel Jimenez this week. Australian big-hitter Scott Hend will defend his crown at the USD900,000 full-field Asian Tour tournament at the Macau Golf and Country Club from October 23 to 26 which will include past champions American Jason Knutzon, Chinese Taipei’s Chan Yih-shin and Australian David Gleeson. Current Merit leader David Lipsky of the United States hopes to cement his position ahead of second-ranked Anirban Lahiri of India and Filipino veteran Antonio Lascuna. Thai great Thongchai Jaidee, the only man to win three Order of Merit crowns, will be one of the favorites to win the Venetian Macau Open following another superb season highlighted by a victory at the Nordea Masters in Sweden. k-pop girl group 2ne1 plays to packed venetian arena South Korean girl group 2NE1 thrilled fans at The Venetian Macao’s Cotai Arena Friday for their 2014 2NE1 World Tour “All or Nothing” in Macau. Made up of CL, Dara, Bom and Minzy, the “Queens of K-pop” started the show with “Crush” setting the full house of fans on a tremendous spiral of excitement with their dynamic performance and vibrant costumes. They also impressed audiences later in the concert with their other hit tunes, such as “Fire” and “Gotta Be You.” Three of the members also gave unique solo performances, with the youngest member Minzy doing a short solo dance, CL performed her two specially rearranged solo hits “The Baddest Female” and “MTBD,” and Dara impressed with her guitar skill. cem continues to offer tca discount for tariff group a customers To fulfill its corporate social responsibility pledge, CEM announced that it will continue to offer TCA discounts for Tariff Group A customers (mainly residential customers and small and medium enterprises supplied with low voltage, covering more than 99% of the total number of customers). With support from the Macau SAR Government, the 4th quarter TCA for Tariff Group A will be 37 cents per kWh instead of the standard price of 45 cents per kWh, meaning that a total of 8 cents will be subsidized. Likewise, the TCA for Tariff Groups B, C and D will be adjusted to 45 cents per kWh in the 4th quarter in accordance with the contractual calculated value, down 1 cent per kWh. mon 20.10.2014 th Anniversary 廣告 ADVERTISEMENT 9 CHINA th Anniversary 中國 AP PHOTO 10 20.10.2014 mon Chinese paramilitary policemen march across Tiananmen Gate in Beijing Low expectations as Beijing considers legal reforms Didi Tang, Beijing T HE most important meeting of the year for the 205 members of China’s ruling Communist Party’s Central Committee, beginning today, will focus on how to rule the country in accordance with law. That has fed hopes that the party might move to respect the letter and spirit of the constitution, but some legal experts and political analysts say the country’s leaders are intent on expanding power, not limiting it. There may be some efforts at the four-day plenum to discourage rampant corruption in low-level courts, they say, but the key goal will be to build a legal system that protects and strengthens the party’s political dominance. “There is absolutely zero chance that the plenum session will see support for constitutional reform that imposes meaningful checks on party power,” said Carl Minzner, a law professor and expert on the Chinese legal system at Fordham Law School in New York. As usual, this year’s plenary session will be held in a conclave in Beijing, and its decisions, expected to be announced after the conclusion, set the broad policy framework for the upcoming year. It’s not clear if the meeting will discuss the protests in Hong Kong, where pro-democracy students have occupied key streets for three weeks to demand that Beijing change its decision to screen candidates for first open elections in the semiautonomous city in 2017. Party-controlled media are already gearing up to tout great legal progress to come, but some observers expect the party to continue something it has done since Xi Jinping took power nearly two years ago: Step up efforts to suppress criticism and dissent. There is absolutely zero chance that the plenum session will see support for constitutional reform that imposes meaningful checks on party power CARL MINZNER LAW PROFESSOR AND CHINESE LEGAL SYSTEM EXPERT, FORDHAM LAW SCHOOL, NEW YORK “The developments over the past year under Xi’s leadership have signaled deep disregard for the law as a tool for resolving grievances in an impartial manner,” said Maya Wang, researcher with Human Rights Watch. “The detentions and sham trials of activists ... show just how China’s legal system has remained an instrument of the party’s power.” Yet, the party will seek changes to bring some fairness to the local level, where unrest stemming from lack of justice has flared up into violence. Last week, a land dispute in a southwestern town left two villagers and six construction workers dead after villagers took up farm tools to fight what they saw as unfair seizure of their lands for a government-backed commercial project. The villagers told state media they have no legal venue in which to seek redress. In hopes of improving justice at the local level, the plenary meeting is expected to give provincial courts supervisory powers over their county-level peers in the areas of funding and appointments, removing the lower courts from the influence of local authorities. Other changes may include vetting of judges to ensure they are professionally qualified and making more verdicts available to the public to hold judges accountable for their rulings. Legal scholar Xie Youping at Fudan University said those incremental changes would be moves in the right direction. “I’m cautiously optimistic,” he said. Yet China’s courts reside firmly under the party’s control and Communist leaders have repeatedly ruled out adopting the Western notions of an independent judiciary and that all must conform to law. Contrary to the principles of the rule of law, Chinese law has been molded to the party’s will, dissident legal scholar Zhang Xuezhong said. The rhetoric for rule of law “is only a propaganda slogan that will not be seriously dealt with by the party,” Zhang said. Rule of law is “incompatible with an authoritarian regime,” he said. Even if the party should pledge to operate within the law, it could merely be paying the lip service, said Willy Lam, a political analyst at the Chinese University of Hong Kong. China’s Constitution says no group should be above the law and guarantees rights of free speech and assembly, yet in reality, the party has ruled with legal impunity and, people are routinely detained over political speech. To help gradually build up the authority of the constitution, some legal scholars have proposed to establish a committee to arbitrate on the constitutionality of laws and regulations, although others warn that the court could still remain within the party’s grips. Still, some scholars are hoping for a declaration, even if it is just a slogan, to serve as a cover to argue for deeper reforms. The upcoming plenary needs to make a statement that “our party is not a party that opposes constitutional rule,” said former official Wu Jiaxiang, adding that the constitution is the supreme law. Party propaganda appears to run counter to constitutional rule. Last year, a string of editorials appeared in state media, warning that constitutional rule would subvert the party’s rule. In recent weeks, party theoreticians have argued that rule of law should not replace China’s current political and social system with the party at its apex. But the pervasive corruption that erodes public trust and threatens party rule is driving the need for further legal reform, said Cheng Li, director of the John L. Thornton China Center at the Brookings Institute, a Washington-based think tank. Ad-hoc anti-graft campaigns that have brought down prominent politicians are only treating the symptoms without tackling the root causes, Li said. “Ultimately it is the legal system that can prevent this kind of outrageous corruption.” Putting the party under the constitution would be a “very important change in ideology that will pave the way for many changes to come,” Li said. AP mon 20.10.2014 th Anniversary 中國 HONG KONG AP PHOTO Protest violence continues amid plan for talks A pro-democracy protester carries a banner that reads: “bad police” down an occupied section of the Mong Kok district in Hong Kong Fion Li and Chong Pooi Koon H ONG Kong officials and pro-democracy protesters agreed to start talks this week, while police and demonstrators continue to face off in Mong Kok after three days of clashes that left officers and students injured. Discussions will begin Tuesday, Chief Secretary Carrie Lam, the city’s No. 2 official, said Saturday, a day after police clashed with about 9,000 demonstrators following the clearing of barricades by authorities. The Hong Kong Federation of Students, one of the groups leading the protests, said it will participate in the dialogue. Students are demanding China reverse its decision that candidates for the city’s leadership election in 2017 must be vetted by a committee. The rule triggered the protests, which swelled to as many as 200,000 people at their peak, according to organizers. Chief Executive Leung Chun-ying has said Beijing’s decision isn’t negotiable. Hong Kong’s finance and health chiefs yesterday called on the protesters to withdraw while the talks take place. “At this moment, the movement’s founders, students in the movement and citizens who support it should put their passions down, calmly assess the direction of the movement as it continues,” Financial Secretary John Tsang wrote in his blog. “Withdrawal isn’t an easy decision, which warrants a great deal of courage. But I still believe you can have the bravery to make the right choice at the key moments.” Thirteen protesters were hurt in the clashes in Mong Kok yesterday, seven with head injuries Clashes between police and demonstrators, and with groups who oppose the Occupy movement, have led to arrests and injuries as the protests drag into their fourth week and tempers get short. While demonstrations in Mong Kok were peaceful Saturday evening and jewelry shops on a main thoroughfare were open, skirmishes erupted just after midnight and police used batons to push back protesters. On Oct. 17, police used batons, shields and pepper spray as they sought to reclaim roads filled with a crowd they estimated at 9,000. Chui Chun-tak, chief superintendent of the Police Public Relations Branch, told reporters Oct. 17 that 38 officers had been injured since the demonstrations started. He said five were hurt in yesterday’s early morning skirmishes. Thirteen protesters were hurt in the clashes in Mong Kok yesterday, seven with head injuries, RTHK reported citing Au Yiu Kai, a volunteer who leads the Occupy Central movement’s medical team. More than 200 people have been hospitalized over the past three weeks of protests, Secretary for Food and Health Ko Wing-man said on a Cable TV live broadcast Saturday. Yesterday he urged the demonstrators to refrain from violence. “As the government has already made arrangements to have dialogue with the students in the hope of resolving the situation, I would appeal here again to the protesters that it would be counter-productive to resort to violence again at this particular time point,” Ko said. “I am in particular worried about the casualties that may result.” Hong Kong earlier canceled talks that had been scheduled to begin Oct. 10, after leaders of the movement called supporters back to the streets, Lam said at the time. Leung said Thursday the police will continue actions to end the blockades that still disrupt transport and commerce in the one of the world’s biggest financial centers. “Dialogue and clearing protesters are two different issues,” he said at the time. “We won’t stop clearing protesters because we are having dialogue. We won’t stop having dialogue because we are clearing the sites.” Financial Secretary Tsang wrote on his blog that the protests’ impact on the Hong Kong’s economy will mostly be reflected in the medium- to long-term, including the city’s international reputation. “Even if it is just about foreigners’ impression of Hong Kong, once changes occur, it’s going to be very hard to reverse that,” he wrote. Preliminary data show the retail and restaurant sectors have been affected the most, and creditcard expenditures have dropped significantly since the protests began. The Standing Committee of China’s legislature ruled in August that the candidates for Hong Kong’s 2017 election would have to be screened by a 1,200-member nominating committee. Prodemocracy activists say the mechanism will guarantee a leader loyal to the government in Beijing. Bloomberg CHINA 11 Mainland to broaden two child policy in 2 years All Chinese couples will be allowed to have a second child in two years, said a researcher who advises the government on birth control policies. “We will fully relax the policy” in two years after an experiment allowing some couples to have a second baby, Cai Fang, a vice director of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the government’s research arm, said in a brief interview Saturday after a speech in Beijing. “People wish to choose the number of children they want to have, and they should be given the choice, at least for two children.” Chinese President Xi Jinping relaxed China’s family-planning policy last year by allowing couples to have two children if either parent is an only child. The change failed to deliver a baby boom in the world’s most populous country - less than 3 percent of the 11 million Chinese couples eligible for another child applied for permission in the first six months, according to data from the National Health & Family Planning Commission. Censors shut down Tencent website in Shaanxi Censors in China have shut down a provincial website of Tencent Holdings Ltd., owned by the country’s thirdrichest man, according to a government notice. The website (xian.qq.com) will be closed for seven days for “lack of control on contents” and “permitting the spread of vicious and harmful information,” according to a notice by the Shaanxi Internet Information Office on the local government’s news portal. An official at the office confirmed the ban and declined to provide further details. Calls to Tencent Holdings head office in Shenzhen and its local website in Xi’an went unanswered yesterday. The website, known as Daqin, provides local news and information to 15 million users in the northern province of Shaanxi. The closure of Daqin was part of a campaign by the Shaanxi Internet Information Office in “cleaning up cyberspace and protecting legal rights of citizens,” targeting “terrorism,” “political rumors” as well as “fake journalists,” according to the notice. China has blocked foreign Internet companies including Google, Twitter and Facebook. Authorities have stepped up a crackdown on Internet content since Xi Jinping assumed office in 2012. 12 ADVERTISEMENT 20.10.2014 mon th Anniversary 廣告 mon 20.10.2014 th Anniversary 亞太版 ASIA-PACIFIC 13 SOUTH KOREA Hyung-Jin Kim, Seoul T ROOPS from the rival Koreas exchanged gunfire yesterday along their heavily fortified border in the second such shooting in less than 10 days, South Korean officials said. There were no reports of injuries or property damage, but the 10 minutes of shooting highlighted rising tensions between the divided countries. The Koreas’ first exchange of gunfire came after North Korea opened fire at balloons carrying anti-Pyongyang leaflets that were floating across the border from the South. Yesterday’s shootout began after North Korea sent soldiers close to the border line. The move was an attempt by the North to increase worries in the South about what might happen if leafleting continues, analysts say. South Korean activist groups, mostly made up of North Korean defectors, have been staunch in their vows to continue sending the leaflets, which Pyongyang considers propaganda warfare; one group says it will float about 50,000 on Saturday. North Korea has warned it will take unspecified stronger measures if leafleting AP PHOTO 2 Koreas exchange gunfire along border South Korean army soldiers stand guard at a military check point at the Imjingak Pavilion near the border village of Panmunjom continues. Generals from the sides met at a border village last week in their first military talks in more than three years to discuss how to ease the recent spike in tensions, but the mee- ting ended with no agreement and no prospects to meet again. Yesterday, South Korean soldiers broadcast warnings and fired warning shots at about 10 North Korean soldiers who were approaching the military demarcation line inside the 4-kilometer-wide Demilitarized Zone that bisects the Korean Peninsula, according to a statement from South Korea’s Joint Chiefs of Staff. Two shots believed to have been fired by North Korean soldiers were found at a South Korean guard post. South Korean soldiers fired toward the North, the statement said. South Korean defense officials said the North Korean soldiers turned back after the shooting. North Korea opened fire on Oct. 10 after activists floated propaganda balloons across the border, following through on a previous threat to attack. There were no reports of casualties from that incident either. North Korea has repeatedly demanded South Korea ban activists from sending leaflets, which often urge North Korean citizens to rise up against leader Kim Jong Un. South Korea has refused, saying activists are exercising freedom of speech. Analyst Cheong Seong-chang at the private Sejong Institute think tank said yesterday’s gunfire exchange showed North Korea is intentionally escalating military tension to spread fear about possible casualties should leafleting continue. He said North Korea is expected to launch more provocations as long as South Korea doesn’t change its position on leafleting. AP Kim Tong-Hyung, Seoul A South Korean man involved in planning an outdoor pop concert where 16 people were killed after falling through a ventilation grate was found dead Saturday in an apparent suicide, officials said, as doctors treated eight others facing life-threatening injuries from the disaster. The man, 37, an employee of the Gyeonggi Institute of Science and Technology Promotion, was found dead at around 7 a.m. in Seongnam, the city south of Seoul where Friday’s accident occurred, said city spokesman Kim Namjun. The site of his death was not far from where 16 people watching a performance by 4Minute, a girls band that is popular across Asia, were killed when the ventilation grate they AP PHOTO S. Korea concert planner found dead after 16 die Members of the South Korea Crime Scene Investigation team investigate a collapsed ventilation structure in Seongnam were standing on collapsed. Eleven other people were seriously injured. It was believed that the man, who was questioned by police Friday night over the accident, leaped from the top of a 10-story building, police inspector Park Jeong-ju said. Gyeonggi Institute of Science and Technology Promotion was one of the sponsors of the concert, which was organized by the news site Edaily and was part of a local festival. About 700 people had gathered to watch the concert, which was abruptly halted after the accident happened. In a televised briefing on Saturday, Kim said there was a possibility that the death toll from the accident could rise. Of the 11 people treated at hospitals, eight were dealing with life-threatening injuries to the abdomens or lungs, he said. Most of those who were killed were men in their 30s and 40s, while five were women in their 20s and 30s, fire officials said. Photos of the accident scene showed a deep concrete shaft under the broken grate. Kim said it was believed that the grate collapsed under the weight of the people. A video recorded by someone at the concert that was shown on the YTN television network showed the band continuing to dance for a while in front of a crowd that appeared to be unaware of the accident. Dozens of people were shown standing next to the ventilation grate, gazing into the dark gaping hole where people had been standing to watch the performance. YTN said the ventilation grate was about 3 to 4 meters wide. Photos apparently taken at the scene showed that the ventilation grate reached to the shoulders of many passers-by. The collapse came as South Korea is still struggling with the aftermath of a ferry disaster in April that left more than 300 people dead or missing. For a time, the sinking jolted South Korea into thinking about safety issues that had been almost universally overlooked as the country rose from poverty and war to an Asian power. Analysts say many safety problems in the country stem from little regulation, light punishment for violators and wide ignorance about safety in general — and a tendency to value economic advancement over all else. AP 14 ADVERTISEMENT 20.10.2014 mon th Anniversary 廣告 mon 20.10.2014 th Anniversary 分析 A KURDISH APPEAL Despite the barrage of airstrikes, the U.S. so far has been unable to help Kurdish defenders break the siege. The U.S. and its allies have said that airstrikes alone will not be enough to beat back the extremists. That requires ground troops, both in Syria and Iraq. Since President Barack Oba- Kobani key to US strategy blocking Turkish Kurds from joining the fight in Kobani. And neither Turkey nor the Syrian Kurds are enthusiastic about joining ranks if Turkey sends army troops to Kobani. Further complicating the issue, the U.S. said it has begun talking directly to the Kurdish fighters’ political wing in Kobani — a diplomatic move that could stretch tensions with Turkey even farther. A Turkish government official on Friday said Ankara does not oppose action that is intended to weaken IS. “Turkey is part of the coalition against ISIL,” said the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to make public statements. AP PHOTO D 15 ISLAMIC STATE OFFENSIVE Lara Jakes, National Security Writer, Washington USTY and remote, the Syrian city of Kobani has become an unlikely spoil in the war against Islamic State militants — and far more of a strategic prize than the United States wants to admit. Perched on Turkey’s border, the city of about 60,000 has been besieged for weeks by IS fighters. Kobani is now a ghost town: the U.N. estimates that fewer than 700 of its residents remain as its people flee to safety in Turkey. The Obama administration has declared Kobani a humanitarian disaster, but not a factor in the overall strategy to defeat the Islamic State group. “Kobani does not define the strategy of the coalition with respect to Daesh,” Secretary of State John Kerry told reporters in Cairo earlier this week, using an Arabic acronym for the Islamic State group. “Kobani is one community, and it’s a tragedy what is happening there, and we don’t diminish that.” But, Kerry said, the primary U.S. military focus is in neighboring Iraq. But last week, the U.S. dramatically upped its air power strikes against IS in and around Kobani, including 59 strikes over the last four days alone, as of Friday. Several hundred IS fighters were killed, the Pentagon said. Now, the U.S. cannot afford to lose Kobani, said Robert Ford, the former U.S. ambassador to Syria. That means the city’s fate is tied, in part at least, to the success of the U.S.-led strategy against the Islamic State. “The most important thing about Kobani now is that if it falls to the Islamic State, it would be seen as a defeat for the Americans, and thus would touch on the credibility of the American policy to contain and degrade the Islamic State,” said Ford, now at the Middle East Institute in Washington. “We have made a real effort to help the defenders in Kobani by targeting various Islamic State assets,” he said. “And if it falls nonetheless, then it makes it looks like the U.S. military couldn’t contain that, and that’s how it would be seen in the region.” Said Navy Rear Adm. John Kirby, the Pentagon’s spokesman: “We never said Kobani didn’t matter.” Here is a look at why it does: WORLD People on a hilltop watch smoke rising from a fire caused by a strike in Kobani, Syria ma is adamant that American troops will not join the fight on the ground, the U.S. has been working to help arm, equip and revamp training programs for national and Kurdish Peshmerga security forces in Iraq and moderate rebel fighters in Syria. The Peshmerga and other Kurdish forces have been key in containing — if not defeating — IS across much of northern Iraq. Making sure they keep up that front is a top priority for the U.S. Irbil, the Kurdish capital in Iraq, asked the Obama administration to increase airstrikes in Kobani, said Mahma Khalil, a Kurdish lawmaker from northern Iraq. While there’s no formal link between the government in Irbil and the Kurdish population in Syria, both dream of an independent nation for ethnic Kurds. “The current level of airstrikes are not enough to stop the terrorists from seizing Kobani,” Khalil said this week. “The U.S. airstrikes against the Islamic State group in Kobani and Iraq should be accelerated more and more” to avoid the extremists from reclaiming areas they were pushed from earlier this summer, he said. A U.S. military official confirmed Khalil’s account and noted that maintaining good relations with Irbil is an important part of Washington’s strategy against the Islamic militants. The official was not authorized to discuss the diplomatic issue by name and spoke on condition of anonymity. Publicly, the Pentagon and State Department say the reasons for the increased airstrikes at Kobani are twofold: The city The most important thing about Kobani now is that if it falls to the Islamic State, it would be seen as a defeat for the Americans ROBERT FORD FORMER U.S. AMBASSADOR TO SYRIA has become an easier target in recent days due to an influx of Islamic State fighters who have gathered there. And the strikes serve as a humanitarian relief mission to protect the city while Kurdish fighters reorganize their front. WHERE’S TURKEY? Kobani also has become a symbol of Turkey’s reluctance to fight the Islamic State — even in a city right across its border. It is an example of the difficulty of uniting regional enemies against a common threat, and has created a messy intersection of U.S. military and diplomatic interests. If Kobani falls, the Islamic extremists will have a border way-station for militants to slip in and out of Turkey. Already, Turkey is grappling with how to tighten its borders against thousands of foreign fighters, mostly from Western and Eastern European nations, who have traveled through Turkey to join the insurgency. The U.S. has tried for months to coax Turkey into providing more assistance, including border security, to the global coalition against the Islamic State group. So far, Turkey has provided sanctuary to an estimated 200,000 Syrian and Iraqi refugees, and recently agreed to train and equip moderate Syrian rebel fighters trying to remove Syrian President Bashar Assad from power. But Turkey is not expected to send troops or aid to the Kurdish fighters who are defending Kobani due to a decades-long dispute it has waged against a Kurdish guerrilla group linked to the city’s defenders. The fighters in Kobani are affiliated with the Kurdistan Workers Party, or PKK, which both Turkey and the U.S. consider a terrorist organization. Turkey has openly said it is THE PROPAGANDA BATTLE FOR KOBANI The U.S. isn’t sure why IS is fighting so hard for control of Kobani, a city with few resources and far removed from any capital. But like the U.S. with Kobani, a loss to a ragtag group of Kurdish fighters would be a propaganda loss for IS. Much of the daily fighting in Kobani is caught on camera, where TV crews and photographers on the Turkish side of the border have captivated the world’s attention with searing pictures of refugees, black plumes of smoke from explosions, and the sounds of firefights on the city’s streets. In video after video, refugees just across the border can be seen and heard cheering as U.S. airstrikes pound the extremists. IS has published pictures of its militants closing in on Kobani, aiming “to appear strong, undeterred, and unharmed by the strikes,” said Rita Katz, director of the SITE Intelligence group, which monitors jihadist networks online. As recently as last week, in pictures and Tweets, the militants’ supporters declared Kobani as theirs, and changed the city’s name to Ayn al-Islam, or Spring of Islam. But the online jeering has quieted considerably after the airstrikes of the last several days. The Islamic State relies on its global online propaganda machine, run largely by supporters far from the battle, to entice fighters, funding and other aid to the front. If the militants’ victories begin to ebb in such a public forum, U.S. officials believe, so too will their lines of support. That alone makes the battle for Kobani a must-win fight for the U.S. strategy. And that is not lost on Washington. “What makes Kobani significant is the fact that ISIL wants it,” Kirby said. AP 16 INFOTAINMENT what’s ON ... Beyond Pixels, by Victor Marreiros Time: 12pm-8pm Until: December 31, 2014 Venue: Signum Living Store, 20.10.2014 mon th Anniversary 資訊／娛樂 TV canal macau 13:00 TDM News 13:30 News (RTPi) Delayed Broadcast 14:30 RTPi Live 17:45 Heavy Load (Repeat) 18:30 Non-Daily Portuguese News (Repeated) 19:30 Soap Opera 20:30 Main News, Financial & Weather Report 21:00 TDM Sports 22:10 Heavy Load 23:00 TDM News 23:30 Champions League Magazine 00:00 Main News, Financial & Weather Report (Repeated) 00:30 RTPi Live cinema cineteatro 16 Oct - 22 Oct Rua do Alm Sergio, 285, R/C Enquiries: (853) 2896 8925 Macau Science Centre Address: Avenida Dr. Sun Yat-Sen Admission: Exhibition Centre: MOP25 Planetarium (Dome/Sky Shows): MOP50 Planetarium (3D Dome/3D Sky Shows): MOP65 Enquiries: (853) 2888 0822 See The World Through Child’s Eyes Time: 12pm-7pm (Closed on Tuesdays) Until: November 24, 2014 Venue: Ox Warehouse, corner of Avenida Do Coronel Mesquita and Avenida Do Almirante Lacerda Admission: Free Enquiries: (853) 2853 0026 Dragon Training Camp Time: 4pm (Mondays to Fridays) 10am & 4pm (Saturdays & Sundays) Until: December 31, 2014 Venue: Level 4, Caspian Ballroom, Sheraton Macau Hotel, Cotai Central Admission: HKD/MOP150 per child (4-12 years old) with one adult (or additional adult HKD/MOP50), maximum three adults with one child. Enquiries: (853) 8113 0228 Macau Grand Prix Museum & Wine Museum Time: 10am-8pm (Closed on Tuesdays) Venue: Rua Luis Gonzaga Gomes, 431, basement (Tourism Activities Centre-CAT) Admission: Free Enquiries: (853) 8798 4108 / 2833 3000 THE GIVER_ room 1 2.15 4.00, 5.45, 9.30 pm Director: Phillip Noyce Starring: Brenton Thwaites, Jeff Bridges, Meryl Streep Language: English (Chinese) Duration: 97min ANNABELLE_ room 1 7.30 pm Director: John R. Leonetti Starring: Ward Horton, Annabelle Wallis, Alfre Woodard Language: English (Chinese) Duration: 98min LET’S BE COPS_ room 2 2.15,4.05, 5.55, 9.30 pm Director: Luke Greenfield Starring: Jake Johnson, Damon Wayans Jr., Rob Riggle Language: English (Chinese) Duration: 104min JUON - THE BEGINNING OF THE END_ room 2 2.15, 4.00, 5.45, 9.30 pm Director: Masayuki Ochiai Starring: Shô Aoyagi, Yoshihiko Hakamada, Yasuhito Hida Language: Japanese (Chinese/English) Duration: 91min Offbeat Hot wins Fired Dublin worker USD25K over snack 1967 Thousands join anti-war movement The biggest demonstration yet against American involvement in the Vietnam War has taken place in the town of Oakland, in California. An estimated 4,000 people poured onto the streets to demonstrate in a fifth day of massive protests against the conscription of soldiers to serve in the war. The city was brought to a standstill as protesters built barricades across roads to prevent buses carrying recruits to the Army’s conscription centre. Police reinforcements came in from San Francisco as the protests turned violent. Demonstrators, many wearing helmets and holding plywood shields, overturned cars and threw bottles, tin cans and stones at the police. Four people were injured and seven arrested. There was no repeat of the scenes three days ago, however, when police in Oakland used clubs and chemical sprays to clear the streets. The heavy-handed treatment of demonstrators caused outrage throughout the country. Today’s demonstration was part of what is being called “Stop the Draft Week” - a nationwide initiative which has seen peace marches in cities across the United States. It is expected to move to Washington DC tomorrow, and demonstrators are said to be targeting all roads to the capital. It is thought up to 40,000 could join a protest march from the Lincoln Memorial to the Pentagon. The demonstrators are trying to disrupt military induction centres, encouraging large numbers of young men to turn in their draft cards. Many are burning the cards - an illegal act under a law passed by Congress two years ago. About 50 conscientious objectors have already been sent to jail for their protest. It is estimated up to 7,000 have left the country, mainly to Canada, to avoid the draft. Recent polls suggest that American support for the war in Vietnam is declining steadily. President Johnson is under attack from those who believe he is not being aggressive enough on Vietnam as well as those who think he should withdraw. A Gallup poll published earlier this month showed his popularity rating plummeting to the point where if an election were held at this point in his term of office, he would lose by a landslide. dog! An Irish cinema may have just bought the world’s most expensive hot dog for an unfairly fired worker. Ireland’s employment appeals court on Thursday ordered Dublin’s Cineworld to pay Carl Meade 20,000 euros (USD25,640) for canning him over his illicit discount on a workplace snack. Cineworld said it used surveillance footage to show Meade buying an extra-large hot dog, but paying only for a regular, and taking a slightly pricier brand of candy than what appeared on his signed receipt. The total difference in cost between what he bought, and what he consumed? One euro ($1.28). A three-judge panel found that the employer should have considered Meade’s contention that he’d made an innocent mistake. Meade worked three years for Cineworld before his 2012 dismissal for gross misconduct. AP this day in history WHIPLASH_ room 3 2.30, 4.30, 7.30, 9.30 pm Director: Damien Chazelle Starring: Miles Teller, J.K. Simmons, Melissa Benoist Language: English (Chinese) Duration: 106min macau tower 09 Oct - 22 Oct DRACULA UNTOLD_ 2.30, 4.30, 7.30, 9.30 pm Director: Gary Shore Starring: Luke Evans, Dominic Cooper, Sarah Gadon Language: English (Chinese) Duration: 92min Courtesy BBC News In context The anti-war movement grew from strength to strength, until in March 1968 President Johnson announced a pause in the bombing of North Vietnam to start negotiations for peace. At the same time, he announced he would not be standing for re-election as President. He left office in 1968, while the war was still at its height. Lyndon Johnson continued to be closely involved in negotiations for peace in Vietnam, in an initiative which culminated in the Paris Peace Accords of 1973. He did not live to see the treaty signed. Five days before, on 22 January 1973, he died suddenly of a heart attack at his Texas ranch. The hated draft ended in the same year, and America converted to an “all-volunteer military”. Despite the Accords, the fighting in Vietnam continued until the Saigon government surrendered to the Vietcong in April 1975. mon 20.10.2014 th Anniversary 資訊／娛樂 Taurus Mar. 21-Apr. 19 April 20-May 20 You need to take bold action! It may not be exactly what you want to do, but you’re sure to do well if you can just force yourself to step up and take the bull by the horns. It’s easier once you start! See if you can get an outside mediator to help you make sense of today’s big weird issue. Things are sure to get tangled if you just try to handle it all yourself. It may have to be a stranger. Gemini Cancer May 21-Jun. 21 Jun. 22-Jul. 22 You’re surrounded by people who are thinking more or less like you are. Things may start to get a little more interesting as you all start to vibrate at the same frequency. Enjoy the results! Check your bank account before making any impulse purchases today — things are sure to get weird pretty quickly otherwise. You may find a new way to squeeze extra out of your budget, too! Leo Virgo Jul. 23-Aug. 22 Aug. 23-Sept. 22 You’re feeling the urge to show off a little — and why not? Things are better than they’ve ever been, and you may find that your energy is too good to be contained anyway. Someone new takes notice! You can’t quite keep up with the pace of the day — so you need to be flexible in order to make anything happen. Things are sure to get a lot more interesting if you can just stretch a bit! Libra Sep.23-Oct. 22 Oct. 23 - Nov. 21 Something small turns out to be pretty stressful — so see if you can just get past it or even ignore it! Your energy is a bit less useful than usual, but you’re sure to get back into it quickly. Capricorn Nov. 22-Dec. 21 Dec. 22-Jan. 19 A stroke of good luck blasts through your life, clearing a path that you’d never thought would be open to you. Don’t hesitate! This situation is unlikely to last for long, but you can take advantage of it now. People are looking for trouble today — try not to give it to them! It’s likely at least one person is picking a fight in order to test your limits. Show them you can outlast them indefinitely. Aquarius SUDOKU WEATHER Easy Medium Hard Feb.19-Mar. 20 A wild idea strikes you early today — and though it seems to contradict all available evidence, you decide to pursue it anyway. It’s sure to lead somewhere interesting and unexpected. There’s too much drama today! You need to chill out, take a step back and try to let others do things their way. Your energy is out of sync with theirs, but that’s quite temporary. Crossword puzzles provided by BestCrosswords.com DOWN: 1- Agitate; 2- Drink to excess; 3- Composer Khachaturian; 4- Cause of ruin; 5- Gumshoe; 6- Lawsuits; 7- Improvement; 8- You ____! Sure!; 9- Compositions; 10Friday’s solution Argentine plain; 11- Bendable twig, usually of a willow tree; 12- Pertaining to birth; 13- Diary bit; 21- Central nervous system; 23- Tea type; 26- Bone: Prefix; 27- Buenos ___; 28Building additions; 29- Flat-fish; 31- “From ___ according to his abilities…”; 34- Sack starter; 36- ___ expert, but...; 37- Large cat; 38- “___ quam videri” (North Carolina’s motto); 39- Numbered rds.; 41- Foolish; 43Migraine; 46- Subdivide; 49- Predatory; 51Shamus; 52- Urns; 53- Pineapple fiber; 54Quench; 55- Biblical king; 57- Having wings; 60- Top-flight; 61- Muffin choice; 62- Actress Virna; 63- Mild oath; 66- Distress signal Beijing 11 21 haze Harbin 11 22 haze/cloudy Tianjin 14 24 clear/haze Urumqi 7 19 clear Xi’an 14 19 drizzle Lhasa 3 18 shower/cloudy Chengdu 14 21 shower CONDITION Chongqing 17 19 moderate rain/drizzle Kunming 15 23 cloudy Nanjing 17 27 cloudy Shanghai 19 26 cloudy Wuhan 17 25 cloudy Hangzhou 17 27 clear Taipei 22 28 overcast Guangzhou 19 30 clear 24 29 cloudy Moscow -5 3 overcast/sleet Frankfurt 10 17 cloudy/shower Paris 13 16 overcast/drizzle London 15 17 cloudy New York 10 15 clear/cloudy WORLD CROSSWORDS ACROSS: 1- Runs through; 6- Raise to third power; 10- Corn bread; 14- Synagogue scroll; 15- Primates with short tails or no tail; 16- Slippery ___ eel; 17- Bucky Beaver’s toothpaste; 18- Cpls.’ superiors; 19- Baseball glove; 20- Recall; 22- Become visible; 24- Bear in the air; 25- Every 52 weeks; 26- Black Sea port; 30- Writing table; 32Farm structure; 33- Home furnishings chain; 35- Crude carrier; 40- Capital of Estonia; 42- Druggist; 44- Ruhr city; 45- Dull pain, often in the head or back; 47- It runs in the cold; 48- Iams alternative; 50- Makes amends; 52- Hindu Preserver; 56- Created; 58- Out, in bed; 59- Forgiving; 64- Celestial body; 65- Sir ___ Newton was an English mathematician; 67- Not a dup.; 68- Nevada city; 69- Compass point; 70- American space agency; 71- Bird feed; 72- First name in cosmetics; 73- Children’s author Blyton; MAX Hong Kong Pisces Jan. 20-Feb. 18 MIN CHINA Easy+ Scorpio You’re tuned in to the big picture today — and things are definitely looking bright! You may need to deal with someone who’s obsessed with the little details, but you’ve got what it takes. Sagittarius 17 THE BORN LOSER by Chip Sansom YOUR STARS Aries INFOTAINMENT USEFUL TELEPHONE NUMBERS Emergency calls 999 Taxi (Yellow) 28 519 519 Fire department 28 572 222 Taxi (Black) 28 939 939 PJ (Open line) 993 Water Supply – Report 1990 992 PJ (Picket) 28 557 775 Telephone – Report 1000 PSP 28 573 333 Electricity – Report 28 339 922 Customs 28 559 944 Macau Daily Times 28 716 081 S. J. Hospital 28 313 731 Kiang Wu Hospital 28 371 333 Commission Against Corruption (CCAC) 28326 300 IACM 28 387 333 Tourism 28 333 000 Airport 59 888 88 ad SPORTS th Anniversary 體育 FOOTBALL AP PHOTO Atletico beats Espanyol, extends home unbeaten run Joseph Wilson, Barcelona A TLETICO Madrid beat Espanyol 2-0 yesterday to extend its unbeaten home streak in the Spanish league to 24 games. Atletico limited Espanyol to one shot on goal and earned 12 corners to just one for the overmat- ad ched visitors. Goalkeeper Miguel Moya saved Espanyol’s sole chance by Lucas Vazquez in the 13th minute, and midfielder Tiago Cardoso put Atletico ahead in the 43rd when he floated a header over goalkeeper Kiko Casilla from Gabi Fernandez’s pass. Atletico has excelled at set pieces under coach Diego Simeone and finished Espanyol off with a corner kick in the 71st, which was headed on by center backs Diego Godin and Jose Jimenez before Mario Suarez tapped the ball in. The defending champion rose to fourth place, five points behind leader Barcelona. Espanyol’s first defeat in five rounds left it in the middle of the table. Espanyol lost forward Sergio Garcia to an apparent leg injury, while Atletico substitute Antoine Griezmann hit the post late. Atletico has scored 10 of its 14 league goals from set pieces, with nine of its goals coming from headers. “We work hard at our set pieces and it is paying off,” Suarez said. Atletico’s last league loss at the Vicente Calderon Stadium was in May, 2013. Later, Valencia visits Deportivo La Coruna, Sevilla is at Elche and Villarreal hosts Almeria. Valencia and Sevilla can overtake Real Madrid in second place with wins. AP RENATO MARQUES 18 20.10.2014 mon Pacquiao makes professional basketball debut M ANNY Pacquiao made his professional basketball debut yesterday, just a month before he is set to defend his WBO welterweight crown. Pacquiao started yesterday’s game for the newly formed KIA Sorento of the Philippine Basketball Association but played only seven minutes and committed two turnovers in his team’s 80-66 win over the Blackwater Elite at Philippine Arena. The boxing icon, who joined the pro league team as a player-coach, played in a preseason game earlier this month, finishing with one point and two turnovers after a 10-minute stint. Pacquiao said after the game he would take a break from his KIA duties to focus on the defense of his WBO welterweight crown on Nov. 22 in Macau against undefeated junior welterweight champion Chris Algieri. At 5 feet 6 inches (169 centimeters) tall, Pacquiao does not have the typical stature of a basketball player, but is a big fan of the sport. AP mon 20.10.2014 th Anniversary 體育 RUGBY John Pye, Brisbane A USTRALIAN Rugby Union chief executive Bill Pulver says he has no idea who’s available to coach the Wallabies following Ewen McKenzie’s surprise decision to announce his resignation after Saturday’s Bledisloe Cup match. Pulver also said yesterday that he “hadn’t seen any evidence of McKenzie losing respect of the players” and that he was surprised by McKenzie’s decision to resign well before the match, without telling the players. Australia lost 29-28 to New Zealand. “I’ve got a lot of options,” Pulver said yesterday at a media conference with Wallabies captain Michael Hooper. “I have had no conversations with any other coaches. Today we’re trying to work out where we are at... I don’t even know who can get on a plane on Friday.” The Wallabies leave Friday for a European tour. Pulver also suggested he might make an interim appointment. The favorite for a full-time position appears to be Michael Cheika, who coached the New South Wales Warataths to the Super Rugby title this season. Hooper also said he didn’t feel McKenzie had lost respect of the players. “We play for him and we play S COTT Hend beat Angelo Que of the Philippines in a playoff to win the Hong Kong Open yesterday and become the first Australian to win the event since Greg Norman in 1983. Que and Hend both ended the final round tied on 13-under 267 to force a playoff on the par-four 18th hole of the Fanling Course at the Hong Kong Golf Club. Hend held his nerve to win on the first playoff hole with a par putt from five feet having watched Que bogey after failing to reach the green with his approach shot. “I felt quite calm on that playoff. We were wondering how to play that hole because the pin was placed in a tricky position and you can easily make a bogey. It would have been nice to win with a birdie and on a positive note but I will take it,” said Hend. AP PHOTO Pulver has no idea on Wallaby coaching replacement for everyone in the staff... we respect his decision,” Hooper said yesterday. On Saturday, the stoppagetime loss to New Zealand was the last act in McKenzie’s short and tumultuous stint as Australia coach, leaving the Wallabies rudderless a week ahead of the European tour and only 11 months before the Rugby World Cup. McKenzie had been dealing with an investigation into utility back Kurtley Beale’s off-field conduct, amid reports about discord within the Wallabies squad and increasing speculation in the last two weeks that the coaching job was on the line. McKenzie said he’d made up his mind well before the game that it would be his last in charge. “I resigned this morning at 10 o’clock,” McKenzie said, delaying his statement until Hooper had left the room. “I’ve been a very proud contributor to Australian rugby, but I feel SPORTS 19 at this point ... there’s a bunch of reasons. The intention was win, lose or draw, I was going to announce that resignation tonight.” McKenzie waited until after the match to inform the team, and none of the players were made available to comment. “I didn’t actually advise the team or any of the members of staff, so I’ve just done that,” McKenzie said. “I’m not going to go into the detail — you guys can work that out. The easiest way for me is to exit stage left and I’ll leave you guys to ponder, speculate.” McKenzie had coaching success at provincial level, helping New South Wales to the Super Rugby final in 2008 — despite being told earlier in the season that his contract wouldn’t be renewed — and, after a stint in Europe, returning to Australia and helping lift the Queensland Reds out of the doldrums to a Super Rugby title in 2011. The World Cup-winning prop was appointed Wallabies coach last August, only days after Robbie Deans — the first foreigner hired as head coach of Australia’s top team — was fired. McKenzie guided the Wallabies in 22 tests for 11 wins, a draw and 10 losses — that span including a stretch of seven consecutive wins. On Saturday, Pulver blamed media critics for McKenzie’s sudden departure, describing recent reporting as unfounded and unwarranted and saying “we lost a good man tonight.” He reiterated most of those comments on Sunday. “We are capable of winning the World Cup in 2015,” Pulver said yesterday. “Last night shows we have a team of men of character.” AP GOLF Hend wins Hong Kong Open in a playoff It was the biggest win of the 41-year-old Hend’s career that includes five victories on the Asian Tour. With the tournament being co-sanctioned by the European Tour, it will allow the Florida-based Australian to play next season on the more lucrative tour. “This victory is to be treasured,” said the delighted Hend as he kissed the trophy won previously by several accomplished players including Tom Watson, Norman, Jose Maria Olzabal, Bernhard Langer, Padraig Harrington, Miguel Angel Jimenez and Rory McIlroy. Hend had begun the day one shot behind sole leader Marcus Fraser of Australia who was on 11 It was the biggest win of the 41-year old Hend’s career that includes five victories on the Asian Tour under. With the chasing pack never far behind, neither was able to build much of a lead. Fraser lost his lead immediately when he double-bogeyed the first hole allowing England’s Mark Foster, who had started on nine-under, to grab the lead with two birdies from his first two holes. The lead then changed hands again with Que, who had also started the final round on nine-under, rolling in three birdies on the 12, 13th and 14th to jump to a one shot advantage on 12 under. Hend regained the lead at 13-under before Que pulled off a magnificent approach shot to within a foot of the pin from the edge of the woods lining the 18th fairway that allowed him to birdie the last hole and also go to 13 under. “That was the shot of my career. My goal today was to just go under par but this is even better,” said Que after carding a 66. He then waited as Hend in the final group came in. The Australian didn’t blink and finished his regulation round also on the same score forcing the play-off. Ireland’s Kevin Phelan finished third on 11 under while Foster was fourth on 10 under. Four-time major winner Ernie Els, struggling with a sore right hip, could only manage two birdies in his final round to end his first appearance at the Hong Kong Open on a disappointing note, tied fifth, after carding a one-under 69 to finish on nine-under 271. “It is very disappointing, I didn’t play well at all this weekend,” said Els who had led by two shots at the halfway mark. “I’m having trouble with my hip and the lower I go down, the more a nerve or something catches. If I can sort my hip out I have got a game good enough to win a tournament before the end of this year.” Els is on a month-long Asian swing and will play at the Macau Open next week before heading to China and Malaysia. “My hip has been bothering me for a while and it will not keep me out of playing in the rest of the tournaments. I will bite the bullet and hope an elbow can improve my condition. Maybe I might even do some Chinese acupuncture,” Els said. AP THE Novel on sibling with Down’s BUZZ syndrome wins prize Severo Portela You run, I follow As the ‘dust’ settles in Admiralty, Causeway Bay and Mong Kok, pepper spray dissolves into thin air and the umbrella protests come to an end, only to revive again and again. We guess it’s time to at least try to evaluate the outcome of over two weeks of direct social action by students under Federation or Scholarism, and the pro-democracy mix, Occupy Central. Do forgive us for not going into the more public violence, be it minimal, appropriate or excessive force. Writing from the opposite border of the Pearl River Delta, we first look to the Macau Special Administrative Region to underline the fact that, contrary to some catastrophists, local students and pro-democracy enthusiasts did not run a copycat action. Macau pro-democracy circles restricted themselves to nothing more than a mere demonstration of solidarity as an immediate and sympathetic echo of the Hong Kong demonstrations. And they did so, not because they are mature or sensible enough to be encouraged by fellow Hongkongers’ antics to make a true universal case for suffrage, but because the MSAR’s Basic Law is…different, as are the demographics, the economics, the statistics. More than this, Macau is on its way to MSAR’s 15th anniversary, an event that opens a new and decisive political cycle, distinguished by the presence of President Xi Jinping. No wonder that the antiestablishment feelings of local youth have been funneled towards less spectacular objectives, when so much is at stake in the coming 4th quinquennium. But no one should be mistaken about Macau’s new generations and more liberal sectors: the longing for democratic improvement is the same in both SARs. Now, after establishing, or rather realizing that Macau students and liberals will not copy the behavior of fellow Hongkongers, we have to stress what seems to be the core of the social movement challenging CY Leung, the Liaison Office, and the Chinese Government. To quote the insight of wellknown commentator Stephen Vines, writing in ‘Next’ magazine, “even the most optimistic protestor appreciates that not only could these demonstrations be crushed, but the cause of democracy will be set back, possibly for generations.” That is, everybody knew that the yellow umbrella protests were doomed to fail, so that is not the point. Apparently, umbrella action aimed only to have CY Leung discuss constitutional matters face-to-face; Leung himself, at the boiling stage of the protests, resorted to an invitation to dialogue around constitutional matters. One would say it was a match made in heaven when both camps appeared ready to talk to each other, but appearances can be deceptive. While dialogue may sound like a good option for many, neither CY Leung nor ‘Occupy’ could have anything substantial to say to each other. The CE was bound to the NPC ruling on the electoral figurine, outside whose frame he would be swimming in forbidden waters. The Umbrella activists could not buy into an offer of a few places in the electoral committee, because they would then be endorsing the unacceptable small-circle electoral system. Let us put it in another light. Leung could offer a way out to the students opening the small-circle and keeping the pre-screening of candidates for 2017; while activists could exchange or replace the demands on electoral methods by the erasure of anachronistic functional constituencies in Legislative Council. That is the real target. Attentive central authorities (Chen Zuo’er) seemed to put this idea to sleep through a surrogate conflict between demonstrators who read themselves as umbrella protesters inside the system, and the reading of Occupy Central, Scholarism and the Federation of Students as a color revolution. Umbrella people look more like a Moisés Naím new social group aiming for nothing more than particular interferences and small-scale disturbances, and authoritative Beijing handles the situation with the ‘rule of law’ and the threat of prosperity nuisance. Who is running? Who is following? Once in million years: Comet buzzing Mars on Sun Comet C/2013 A1, also known as Siding Spring, as captured by Wide Field Camera 3 on NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope Marcia Dunn, Cape Canaveral T HE heavens were hosting an event over the weekend that occurs once in a million years or so. A comet as hefty as a small mountain passed mind-bogglingly close to Mars yesterday, approaching within 140,006 kilometers at a speed of 202,767 kph. NASA’s five robotic explorers at Mars — three orbiters and two rovers — are being repurposed to witness a comet named Siding Spring make its first known visit to the inner solar system. So are a European and an Indian spacecraft circling the red planet. The orbiting craft will attempt to observe the incoming iceball, then hide behind Mars for protection from potentially dangerous dusty debris in the comet tail. Shielded by the Martian atmosphere, the Opportunity and Curiosity rovers may well have the best seats in the house, although a dust storm on Mars could obscure the view. “We certainly have fingers crossed for the first images of a comet from the surface of another world,” said NASA program scientist Kelly Fast. Spacecraft farther afield, including the Hubble Space Telescope, already are keeping a sharp lookout, as are ground observatories and research balloons. “We’re getting ready for a spectacular set of observations,” said Jim Green, head of NASA’s planetary science division. Named for the Australian observatory used to detect it in January 2013, Siding Spring will approach Mars from beneath and zoom right in front Sunday afternoon, Eastern Time. On Earth, the best viewing, via binoculars or telescope, will be from the Southern Hemisphere — South Africa and Australia will be in prime position. In the Northern Hemisphere, it will be difficult to see Siding Spring slide by Mars. The comet — with a nucleus estimated to be at least 8 kilometers in diameter — hails from the Oort Cloud on the extreme fringe of the solar system. It formed during the first million or two years of the solar system’s birth 4.6 billion years ago and, until now, ventured no closer to the sun than perhaps the orbits of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus or Neptune. It comes around every one or more million years. It will be the first Oort Cloud comet to be studied up close in detail. For comparison, the flyby distance of 140,006 kilometersis about one-third of the way from here to the moon. Siding Spring’s tail could extend from Earth all the way to our moon. Its gaseous coma, the fuzzy head surrounding the nucleus, might stretch halfway to the moon. No comet has come anywhere near this close to Earth in recorded history. “We can’t get to an Oort Cloud comet with our current rockets ... so this comet is coming to us,” said Carey Lisse, senior astrophysicist at Johns Hopkins University’s applied physics laboratory. By studying Siding Spring’s composition and structure, scientists hope to learn more about how the planets formed, according to Lisse. Scientists also are keen to spot any changes to the comet or Mars due to the close approach. NASA’s newly arrived Maven spacecraft, for ins- tance, will compare the upper atmosphere before and after it passes. “Think about a comet that started its travel probably at the dawn of man and it’s just coming in close now,” Lisse said. “And the reason we can actually observe it is because we have built satellites and rovers. We’ve now got outposts around Mars.” Scientists initially worried the spacecraft orbiting Mars would be at considerable risk from the comet’s massive trail of dust. The nucleus itself poses no danger of impact. But the particles in the tail, hurtling through space at 126,000 mph (202,767 kph) could fry electronics, puncture fuel lines, or destroy computers, transmitters or other vital spacecraft parts. As Siding Spring’s path became clearer, the threat level was deemed minimal. Still, space agencies are taking no chances. They’re employing the “duck and cover” strategy. NASA’s three orbiters — Mars Odyssey, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and newcomer Maven — will be behind the red planet at the time of peak danger. That’s a 20-minute-or-so period approximately 1½ hours after the closest approach by the comet’s nucleus. The European Space Agency also shifted the orbit of its Mars Express as did India for its Mars Orbiter Mission, or MOM, the country’s first interplanetary spacecraft that, like NASA’s Maven, arrived last month. The precautions are prudent, said University of Maryland senior research scientist Tony Farnham, who led a hazard-analysis team. “Comets are complex beasts and don’t always live up to our predictions,” Farnham said in an email Wednesday. “If you don’t want surprises, then don’t study comets.” It will take at least a few days to obtain and analyze the best spacecraft data; but images made from Earth should be forthcoming pretty quickly. Siding Spring should pass closest to the sun six days after its Mars flyby, then swing back out, bidding goodbye, for at least another million years. AP Air quality Roadside 45-65 Moderate SOURCE: DSMG High Density 55-75 Residental Moderate Area Ambient 55-75 Moderate WORLD BRIEFS PAKISTAN A Pakistani court upholds the death sentence of a Christian woman whose 2010 conviction for blasphemy led to the assassination of two politicians who supported her, a defense lawyer says. Asia Bibi, a 50-year-old mother of five, had appealed before the Lahore High Court against the ruling, in which she was found guilty of insulting Islam’s Prophet Muhammad. VATICAN CITY Catholic bishops scrapped their landmark welcome to gays Saturday, showing deep divisions at the end of a two-week meeting sought by Pope Francis to chart a more merciful approach to ministering to Catholic families. The bishops failed to reach consensus on a watered-down section on ministering to homosexuals. The new section had stripped away the welcoming tone of acceptance contained in a draft document earlier last week. AP PHOTO Rear Window At the event to announce the winner, the president of the jury, poet and deputy Manuel Alegre, said that the book “deals with a delicate subject that could have given rise to a vulgar sentimental vision: the relation between two brothers, one of them with Down’s Syndrome.” The LeYa prize was inaugurated in 2008. This year 361 original works by authors from 14 countries were submitted. AP PHOTO opinion The novel ‘O meu irmão’ (My Brother), by Afonso Reis Cabral, is the winner of this year’s LeYa Prize for Literature, worth €100,000, the publisher of the same name announced on Friday at an event at its headquarters in Alfragide, near Lisbon. The 24-year-old author is a great-great-grandson of Eça de Queiroz, one of the giants of Portuguese literature. Station NEPALESE officials closed a section of a popular Himalayan trekking route yesterday after rescuers, overwhelmed with last week’s snowstorms that killed at least 38 people, had to save new hikers who set out after the blizzards on the same deadly trails. The dead from the blizzards and avalanches that hit the upper section of the Annapurna trekking circuit in northern Nepal included foreign trekkers, local guides and villagers. UKRAINE The Ukrainian president has said his country has reached an agreement with Russia on supplies of natural gas for the winter. When Russia cut off gas supplies to Ukraine in June over unpaid bills, it raised the risk that Ukraine would be left without heating. President Petro Poroshenko said in a television interview late Saturday that Russia has agreed to supply Ukraine with gas through March 31 at a price of USD385 per 1,000 cubic meters.
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