T Padres Great Tony Gwynn Gone at 54 Years Old

Sports Specialist
News an
Volume 9 Issue 4
July ~ August 2014
Padres Great Tony Gwynn
Gone at 54 Years Old
Tony Gwynn Oral Cancer
ony Gwynn broke into Major
League Baseball with the San
Diego Padres at age 22. Gwynn
played 20 years with the Padres,
and was retired from the game for
8 years before getting cancer at the
age of 50. He battled oral cancer for
4 years before passing away at the
age of 54 – a sad
end for the MLB
Hall of Famer
who blamed his
cancer on years of
using smokeless
tobacco, known as
dip or chew (see
next story).
Gwynn was an outstanding all
around athlete. He attended San
Diego State University and played
point guard for the school basketball
team after being recruited from high
school. He still holds several school
records for his time as a basketball
player. His college baseball career
didn’t even start until his sophomore
year!! Gwynn was drafted to both
the MLB and the NBA, both to San
Diego based teams – the basketball
Clippers (10th round, 214th overall)
and the baseball Padres (3rd round,
58th overall). Being undersized for
the NBA at 5’11”, Gwynn made the
decision to try his hand (glove and
bat) with the Padres.
Gwynn was a monster with the bat.
Over his 20 year career, he averaged
.338 – the highest average of any
player playing after World War II.
He only hit less than .300 in one
season – his rookie
year, and hit .394 in
the strike shortened
1994 season, when
most feel he had
a chance to be the
only player since
Ted Williams to
average .400 or
To put
Gwynn’s batting average (BA)
into perspective and to show the
elite company he belongs to, the
MLB leader in BA is the legendary
Ty Cobb, who batted .366 over 24
seasons; Roger Hornsby, averaged
.358 and has the highest BA
since 1900 when he batted .424
in 1924; Shoeless Joe Jackson
batted .356 over 13 seasons before
he was permanently suspended
from baseball after the Black Sox
Scandal of 1921; Babe Ruth, the
legendary Yankee Clipper, averaged
.342 over his career just behind the
Brain Teaser
Funny Bone
Mental Environmental
Nutrition Corner
Brain Teaser answers
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The following describe 4
common 3 letter words. Each of
these words form the last three
letters of common 8 letter words
that start with 4 common 5 letter
words. What are the 8 letter
A glass container.
A mythical creature.
Skin pustules.
A type of farm animal.
Page 2
July: Oral Cancer
Tony Gwynn Dies of Oral Cancer at Age 54
previously mentioned Ted Williams
who averaged .344 and just ahead
of another Yankee legend, Lou
Gehrig at .340. The highest BA
among currently active players is
the Detroit Tiger’s first baseman
Miguel Cabrera at .320.
If this were not enough to convince
you of Gwynn’s prowess with the bat,
a few of his other accomplishments
include: Gwynn hit safely 3141
times in his career – 19th all time –
the only active players in the top 35
are Derek Jeter at 9th (3387) and Alex
Rodriguez at 32 (2939) (Babe Ruth
is 42nd on the list at 2873 – Pete Rose
leads at 4256); Gwynn never struck
out more than 40 times in a season
and struck out less than 20 times in
six straight years with a career low
of 15 – in May of 2014, 97 current
major leaguers struck out 20 times
– Ryan Howard of the Phillies leads
the major leagues with 97 strikeouts
in 2014; and Gwynn had 5 seasons
where he had more stolen bases than
Tony Gwynn was voted into the
Baseball Hall of Fame in 2007,
receiving 97.61% of the ballots –
seventh highest all time at that point
– and was a much deserved honour
for the man known as Mr. Padre.
Tony Gwynn, born in California in
1960, passed away much too soon
leaving behind a family and many
adoring fans.
ony Gwynn battled salivary
gland cancer, specifically of
the parotid gland, for 4 years before
succumbing to the disease at the age
of 54. Gwynn attributed the onset of
his cancer to the many years he spent
using smokeless tobacco. There
have been many studies showing
an association between using
smokeless tobacco and an increased
risk of several cancers including
oral, esophageal (the tube from the
mouth to the stomach), stomach and
and must be ground by the teeth to
release the flavour and the nicotine.
Dipping tobacco (common brands
include Skoal or Copenhagen) also
known historically as moist snuff
is also placed between the cheek
and the gums but isn’t necessarily
chewed because it is already ground
and the nicotine can be released
with the pressure on the dip and
absorbed sublingually.
tobacco is a variation of Snus a
product that was brought to North
According to an
article by Boffetta
et al in 2008, the
use of oral and
nasal smokeless
tobacco products
has been common
in many countries
around the world
for centuries. In
Image from: www.earsite.com
the US in 2000,
4.4% of men and 0.3% of women America by Swedish immigrants.
were users of smokeless tobacco; Snuff is a type of tobacco that is
in Sweden in 2004, 20% of men insufflated or “snuffed” through the
and 3% of women aged 16-75 used nose. Confusion arises due to the
moist snuff daily; and in India in many nicknames given chewing and
1998-99, 28% of men and 12% of dipping tobacco including snuff,
dip, pinch and chew.
women reported to chew tobacco.
Smokeless tobacco has two main
types, chewing and dipping but others
include snuff, and Snus. Chewing
tobacco is unground tobacco that is
placed between the cheek and gums
Chewing tobacco has been shown
to contain several carcinogens, or
cancer causing agents, along with
several compounds that essentially
rough up the oral membranes to
Oral Cancer Continued
Page 3
Gwynn Continued
permit greater absorption of the
nicotine, as well as the carcinogens.
Thus it would seem likely that
doctors can predict the area of cancer
based on how the person chews and
in what part of the mouth. According
to an article on foxnews.com, Dr.
Misiukiewicz, an assistant professor
of medical oncology, has found just
that stating, “It’s proof that direct
contact matters.” The American
Cancer Society reports that 3 out
of 4 people who use chewing
tobacco have non-cancerous or precancerous lesion in their mouths.
The lesions are most often detected
by the dentist.
The parotid, submandibular and
sublingual glands are the main
salivary glands located in and around
the oral cavity. The parotid gland is
a paired gland that lies behind the
angle of the jaw and in front of the
ear and produces saliva to aid in
the breakdown of food specifically
those containing starches or sugars.
It is the largest of the salivary glands
but only produces approximately
25% of the needed saliva. The
parotid gland is usually affected in
those individuals suffering from the
Although the risks of using
smokeless tobacco are evident, the
MLB players association still will
not ban its use by its players even
though the ban has been urged by
MLB and the commissioner’s office.
Several Major League players have
decided to quit following Gwynn’s
untimely death and hopefully many
more will opt out as well. It seems
like only a matter of time before its
use is banned similar to smoking
tobacco – quite frankly it can’t come
soon enough.
egotiations between union
members and their employer
were at an impasse. The union
denied that their workers were
flagrantly abusing their contract’s
sick-leave provisions.
One morning at the bargaining
table, the company’s chief
negotiator held aloft the morning
edition of the newspaper, “This
man,” he announced, “called in
sick yesterday!”
There on the sports page, was
a photo of the supposedly ill
employee, who had just won a local
golf tournament with an excellent
The silence in the room was broken
by a union negotiator. “Wow,”
he said. “Just think of what kind
of score he could have had if he
hadn’t been sick!”
Mental Environmental
Reducing your Carbon Footprint on your Commute
According to Clean Air Commute (from Green Living Online), one
fully loaded bus replaces 57 single-occupant cars; one subway or
train replaces 1100 to 1500 cars. Transport Canada suggests that
the cost of travel per person per kilometer is $0.50 by car and $0.12
by public transit.
Nutrition Corner
Page 4
Insects may be the Protein Source of the Future the carbon footprint and at the same time providing a
much needed source of sustainable food protein.
Imagine cooking up a plate of tasty locusts,
grasshoppers, crickets, silk moth pupae and beetle and
moth larvae instead of the traditional T-bone steak to get
your necessary dose of protein. Most would not only
dismiss this future outright but also find it disgusting in
the meantime!!
But this future may not be that far fetched according
to Science Daily. The world adds approximately 70
million people per year and if the growth continues at
its current rate, the planet will house more than 9 billion
people by 2050. Most of the world’s main source of
protein is from livestock – but with agricultural land
dwindling as the population increases, alternative
sources may need to be found.
Insects may be that source. According to researchers,
insects require less feed, less water, less land and less
overall energy – a win/win for the planet - decreasing
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York Mills Rd.
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Leslie St.
Lawrence Ave.
Bayview Ave.
Yonge St.
Highway 401
jar, add night for nightjar.
elf, add yours for yourself.
pox, add small for smallpox.
hog, add hedge for hedgehog.
Sheppard Ave. E.
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A group in Toronto has recently applied to the
government to produce human grade crickets as a food
source. They currently raise crickets as a source of food
for animal consumption such as lizards but want to take
their enterprise to the human market. Cricket cookies
may not be to far off.
Massage Therapy
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Orthotic Therapy
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Graston Technique Soft Tissue Therapy
Sports Specialist Rehab Centre
300 York Mills Road, Suite 205, Toronto ON, M2L 2Y5
Phone: 416 385-0110
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